Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 31

# INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.

W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

 Domains and Ranges of Inverse
SYNOPSIS trigonometric functions:
 Inverse of a function :
Function Domain Range
f : A  B is bijective  f 1 : B  A exists Sin 1
x 1,1    
 2 , 2 
and it is also bijective. All trigonometric functions
Cos 1 x 1,1 0, 
are not bijective functions. By restricting the
Tan x 1 R    
domains of the functions,we make them bijective  2 ,2 
 
Cot 1 x R 0, 
  
 The function f :   ,    1,1 defined by 1
Sec x ( , 1]  [1, )     
 2 2  0, 2    2 ,  
   
Co s ec1 x (, 1]  [1, )     
f  x   sin x is a bijection.  2 , 0   0, 
   2

  
Then f 1 :  1,1    ,  is also a
 2 2
bijection. This function is called inverse sine  Graphs of inverse circular functions:
function and it is denoted by Arc sine x or
  
1. y = Sin 1 x, | x |  1, y   2 ,
S in1 x  2

##  The function f :  0,     1,1 defined by

f  x   cos x is a bijection.

## Then f 1 :  1,1  0,   is also a bijection.

This function is called inverse cosine function and
it is denoted by Arc cos x or C os1 x

  
 The function f :   ,   R defined by 2. y = Cos 1 x , | x |  1, y  [0, ]
 2 2
f  x   tan x is a bijection.

  
Then f 1 : R    ,  is also a bijection.
 2 2
This function is called inverse tangent function
and it is denoted by Arc tan x or Tan 1 x

162
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

       
3. y = Tan 1 x , x  R, y    2 ,  6. y=Cosec1x,x1, y    , 0   0 , 
 2   2
2

## Properties of inverse trigonometric

functions:
1 1
i) Sin x  C os ec , x  1,1 , x  0
1

x
1 1
1
ii) Cos x  Sec , x  1,1 , x  0
x
4. y = Cot 1 x , x  R, y  (0 , )
 1
 Cot  1 , x  0
1  x
iii) T an x  
    C ot  1 1 ,  x  0
 x
 Some useful periodic graphs:

 3 
  x,  2 x
2

 x,  
 x
 2 2
1. y  Sin 1  sin x   
  x,  3
x
 2 2
 3 5
2  x, x
 2 2

       
5. y = Sec 1 x,x 1, y  0 , 2    2 ,
 y is Periodic with period 2and y   ,
  2 2 

163
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

 x ,   x  0      
 x, 0  x  x, x   ,0    0, 
  2   2
2. y  Cos 1  cos x    
2  x,   x  2 1
    3 
2  x, 2  x  3 5. y  Co sec  cos ecx    x, x   ,     , 
 2   2 
 and so on
y is periodic with period 2 and y   0,   


   
y is periodic with period 2and y   , 
 2 2

 3 
x   ,  2 x
2

 x,  
  x
 2 2
3. y  T an 1  tan x   
   x ,   x
3      
 2 2 x, x  0,   , 
   2  2 
3 5
 x  2 ,  x   3   3
 2 2 1 
6. y  Sec  sec x   2  x, x   ,   ,2 
  2   2 
     and so on
y is periodic with period and y   ,  
 2 2 

## 4. y = Cot1(Cot x) = x, x(0,) and so on.

y is periodic with period and y   0,  
 Some useful non-periodic graphs:
1. y = Sin(Sin 1 x) = x, x[ 1 , 1], y[ 1 , 1]

1
-1
0 1

-1

164
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

0
45
1 1

-1 -1
0 1 0 1

-1 -1

## 3. y = Tan (Tan–1x) = x, x  R, y  R  Important Results:

i) S in -1  -x  = -Sin -1 x ,  x   1,1

## ii) C o s -1  -x  = π-C o s -1 x ,  x   1,1

iii) T an -1  -x  = -T an -1 x ,  x  R

## iv) Cosec -1  - x =-Cosec -1 x ,  x  R   1,1

v) C o t -1  -x  = π-C o t -1 x ,  x  R
vi) Sec -1  -x =π-Sec -1 x ,  x  (, 1]  1, )
–1
4. y = Cot (Cot x) = x, x  R, y  R

1  1  1  1  1  1 
W.E-1: Cos    2 Sin    3Cos  
 2 2  2
4Tan 1  1  (EAM-2009)

1  1  1  1  1  1 
Sol: Cos    2 Sin    3Cos  
 2 2  2

1  1   
 4Tan 1  1    Cos    2  
5. y  cos ec cos ec x  x , | x |  1, | y |  1,
1
2  6 
  1 
 3    Cos 1  1
   4Tan 1
  2 
1       
    3    4  
-1 3 3  4 4
0 1   3  43
  3  
-1 3  4  12

i)    0,   then Sin  cos   
1
 
2
   1 
ii)     ,  then Cos  sin     
 2 2 2
165
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

1  1  x2 2
iii)    0,   then Tan  cot       5 1  x 2   4 x 2
2 x 5
   1 
iv)    2 , 2  then Cot  tan    2   5 5
   x2   x
9 3
     
v)     , 0    0,  then 1 1 
 2   2   i) S in x  C os x  , x  [-1,1]
2 
 ii) T an 1 x  C ot 1 x   / 2 ,  x  R
Sec 1  cos ec   
2
1 1 
     iii) S ec x  C os ec x  ,  x(, 1] 1, )
2
vi)    0,    ,   then
 2 2 
1 
Co sec  sec       
Sin1 x 1  y 2  y 1  x2

2 0  x, y , x2  y 2  1 or

1  x, y  1, xy  0 and x2  y 2  1
 Cos 1 1  x 2 if 0  x  1 

 i)

S in 1 x    Cos 1 1  x 2 if  1  x  0 

Sin1x  Sin1 y    Sin1 x 1  y2  y 1  x2 
 x if 0  x, y  1 and x2  y 2  1
 Tan1 if x   1,1 
 1  x2

  Sin1 x 1  y 2  y 1  x 2 
if -1  x,y<0 and x 2  y 2  1
 S in 1 1  x 2 if x   0,1
ii) C os 1 x  
   S in 1 1  x 2 if x   1,0 

 1 x  
Sin1 x 1 y2  y 1 x2

 S in for x  0  2 2
1  1 x2 0  x, y  1 and x  y  1 or
iii) T an x   1 1  x, y  1, xy  0 and x2  y2  1
C os 1 for x  0
 
1  x2 

Sin1x  Sin1 y   Sin1 x 1 y2  y 1 x2

W.E-2: The value of x , where x  0 and
if 0  x  1, 1  y  1and x2  y2  1

 1
Tan  Sec 1   Sin Tan 1 2  is (EAM-2007)
 x

 Sin1 x 1 y2  y 1 x2

if 0<y  1,-1  x<0 and x2  y2  1
 1 1 
  Sin Tan 2 
1
Sol: Tan  Sec
 x

C os1 xy  1 x2 1  y2
 
 1  x2   2  if 1  x, y  1and x  y  0
Tan  Tan  1   Sin  Sin  1  
 x   1  22  C os1 x  C os1 y  
 

2 C os1 xy  1  x2 1  y2

 x  if 1 x, y  1and x  y  0
  T an x  Sin
1 1

2
 1 x 

166
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

 x  y  z  xyz 
Tan1 x  Tan 1 y  Tan 1 z  Tan 1 

C os1 xy  1 x2 1  y2
  
 1  xy  yz  zx 
if 1  x, y  1, x  y
 (ii) T an 1 x1  T an 1 x 2  ......T an 1 x n 
C os1 x  C os1 y  

C os1 xy  1  x2 1 y2

  S  S  S  .... 
if 1 y  0,0  x  1and x  y T an 1  1 3 5 
 1  S2  S4  S6 .... 
1
W.E-3: If  x  1 then where S1 = sum of values , S 2 = sum of product
2
of taken two elements at a time and so on..,
x 1 
Cos 1   3  3 x 2   Cos 1 x is equal to
2 2  S n = product of values.
(EAM-2012)
 1 1  5 2
x 1 2 
W.E-4: The value of Cot  Co sec 3  Tan 3  
1 1
Sol: Cos x  Cos  2  2 3  3 x   
  (AIE-2008)
 1 3 
 Cos 1 x  Cos  1  x .  1  x 2   1 5 1 2   1 3 1 2 
 2 2  Sol: Cot  Co sec 3  Tan 3   Cot  Sin  Tan 
   5 3
1 1 
 Cos 1 x  Cos 1    Cos 1 x  Cos 1   =  3 2  x 
2 2 3  Cot  Tan1  Tan1   Sin x  Tan
1 1

 4 3  1 x2 
 1  x  y 
Tan  1  xy  if x  0, y  0, xy  1   3 2    17 
         
 1  x  y   Cot  Tan1  4 3   Cot  Tan1  12 
  Tan   if x  0, y  0, xy  1   1  3  2    1
  
1 1   1  xy       
Tan x  Tan y      4  3     2 
  Tan1  x  y  if x  0, y  0, xy  1
  
 1  xy   17   17  6
  cot cot 1    cot tan 1   
 , if xy  1 6  6  17
 2
 Transformation of Inverse functions by
elementry substitution and their graphs:
 1  x  y    2Tan 1 x x  1
Tan   for xy 1 2x 
 1 xy  1
 1 x  1
i) Sin–1 = 2Tan x
  x y  1 x2  1
Tan1x Tan1 y   T an1   if x  0, y  0and xy 1   2 Tan x x 1
 1 xy 
  x y 
 T an1   if x  0, y  0and xy 1
 1 xy 
 (i) If x, y, z have same sign and
xy  yz  zx  1 then

167
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

1
1 x 2  2 Tan x x 0
2 =  2 Tan 1 x x  0
ii) Cos –1 
1 x 

-3/2 -½ ½ 3/2

 1 1 1
3Tan x if -  x 
 3 3
3
  2 Tan 1 x x  1  3x  x   1
 iii) Tan1  2 
   3Tan1 x if x 
2x 
 2 Tan x
1
 1 x  1  1 3x   3
iii) Tan–1 2 =  1
1 x 1
   2 Tan x
1
x 1   3Tan x if x  
 3

/2

## -3 -1/3 1/3 3

-/2

 1
   3Sin1x  if 1  x  1/ 2

1
2
  Sin 2 x 1  x if  1  x    2
i) Sin1  3x  4x3   3Sin 1x if 1/ 2  x  1/2

 1 1 1
 3Sin1x if 1/ 2  x  1
1

i) 2Sin x  Sin 2 x 1  x
2
if  2
x
2

 1
1

  Sin 2 x 1  x

2
if
2
 x 1 
C os1  2 x 2  1 if 0  x  1
ii) 2C os x  
1

2  C os  2 x  1
1 2
if  1  x  0
-3/2 -½
½ 3/2
 1  2x 
Tan  1  x 2  if  1  x  1
  
1  1  2x 
iii) 2Tan x     Tan  1  x 2  if x  1
3cos1 x  2 if 1  x  1/2 
 
ii) Cos1  4x3 3x  2 3Cos 1 x if 1/2  x 1/ 2 ; 1  2x 
   Tan  2 
if x   1
3C os1 x if 1/ 2  x 1  1 x 

168
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

 1  2x  1  p  1  q  p  
   Sin  1  x 2  if x   1 5) Tan    Tan  
   q q p 4
1  1  2 x 
iv) 2Tan x   Sin  2 
if  1  x  1 1  1  x   1
 1 x  6) T an     tan x if x  1
  1  x  4
1  2x 
  Sin  2 
if x  1
 1 x  1  1  x   1
7) T an     tan x if x  1
 1 x  4
2
 1  1  x 
  C o s  2 
if    x  0 1 1 
  1 x  8) If Tan x  Tan y  then xy=1.
v) 2 T a n x  
1
2
2
 C o s  1  1  x  if 0  x  
  2  
 1 x  1 1
9) Cot x  Cot y  then xy=1
2
1 4 1 10) If Cos1 x  Cos1 y  Cos1 z  3
W.E-5: Sin  2Tan 1  (EAM-05)
5 3
then xy  yx  zx  3
1 4 1
Sol: Sin  2Tan 1 1 1 1 3
5 3 11) If Sin x  Sin y  Sin z 
2
 1  then xy  yx  zx  3
 2    2Tan1 x  
1 4 1   3   
 Sin  Tan 1  2 x  
12) If Sin1 xSin1 y  then Cos1 x Cos1 y 
5   1 2   Tan  2 
 1       1  x  13) If Cos1 x  Cos1 y  then Sin1 x Sin1 y 
  3 
14) If aSin 1 x  bCos 1 x  c then
4 3
 Sin 1  Tan 1  ab  c  a  b
5 4 a Sin1 x  b Cos1 x 
a b
4 4   1 
 Sin 1  Cos 1  Tan 1 x  Cos 1   1 x y
5 5   1 x
2
  15) If Cos  Cos1   then
a b
   x 2 2 xy y2
 Sin x  Cos x  2 
1 1
  cos    Sin 2
2   a 2
ab b 2

##  Some important facts:

 x y
1) Tan 1 x  Tan 1 y  Tan 1 z  , if xy  yz  zx  1 16) If Sin
1
 Sin 1   then
2 a b
2) Tan 1 x  Tan 1 y  Tan 1 z   ,
x 2 2 xy y2
if x  y  z  xyz (EAM-2014) 2
 cos   2
 Sin 2
a ab b
1 a b   1   1 
3) Tan  Tan 1  ,then x  ab 1 1
17) Tan  1 x( x 1)   Tan  1  ( x 1)(x  2)   .... 
x x 2    

1 a b 
4) Sin  Sin 1  , then x  a 2  b 2  1 
x x 2 Tan1  1 1
 Tan  xn Tan x,nN
1 xn1 xn 

169
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

 If an expression contains
  n  1  n 
   y  Tan 1  
1   n  1 n 
2 2
i) a  x , put x  a sin  ,     , 
 2 2
y  Tan 1  n  1  Tan 1n
2 2   
ii) a  x , put x  a tan  ,     ,  Thus sum of n terms of the given series
 2 2
y  T a n  1 2  T an  1 1   T an  1 3  T an  1 2  
iii) x 2  a2 , put x  a sec  ,   0,  
T an 1
4  T an  1 3   ......  T a n  1  n  1   T an  1 n 
 Range of some special inverse
Trigonometric Functions : 1 
 Tan1  n  1  Tan 11  Tan  n  1 
4
3 3 3 7 3
i)
32
  Sin 1
x   Cos 1
x  8 W.E-8: Sin 1  sin 5  
Sol: Here   5 rad , Clearly it does not lie between
2 2 2 5 2
ii)  Sin 1 x    Cos1 x  
8 4  
and . But 2  5 and 5  2 both lies
2 2
2 2 2 3 2
iii)    Cos1 x    Sin 1 x    
4 4 between and .
2 2
W.E-6 : The set of values of x such that
Sin1 x Cos1 x  0 are Sin  5  2   Sin   2  5   Sin  2  5  Sin5

##   Sin 1  Sin5   Sin 1  Sin  5  2    5  2

Sol: Sin 1 x  Cos 1 x  0  Sin 1 x 
4
W.E-9 : Cos 1  cos10  is equal to....
 1 
 x  ,1 as x  1 Sol: We know that Cos 1  cos     if 0    
 2 
W.E-7: The sum to the n terms of the series Here   10 rad , clearly, it does not lie between
Co sec 1 10  Co sec1 50  Co sec 1 70  ..... 0 and  . But 4  10 lies between 0 and 
 Cos 1  cos10   Cos 1  cos  4  10    4  10
...  Co sec 1
n 2
 1 n  2n  2  is
2

## W.E-10: Tan 1 Tan  6   is equal to.....

Sol: Let y  Co sec 1 n 2
 1 n 2  2 n  2 
 
Sol: We know that Tan 1 Tan    if  
Co sec 2 y   n 2  1  n 2  1  2n  1 2 2

2
Here   6 rad , does not lie between
  n  1  2n  n  1  n  1
2 2 2

 
2
and
  n2  n 1 1 2 2
 
cot 2 y   n 2  n  1
2
 cos ec 2  cot 2   1 But 2  6 lies between and
2 2

## 1  n  1  n Now Tan  2  6   Tan6  Tan  6 

T any  2

n  n  1 1   n  1 n
Tan1 Tan  6    Tan 1  Tan  2  6    2  6

170
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

3) x + y + z = xyz 4)  x   yz  1  xyz
C.U.Q
10. Cos-1(x/a) + Cos-1(y/b) =  then
1. Tan(Cos–1x) =
1  x2 x 1  x2 x2 2xy y2
1) 2) - cos  + 2 =
2 3) 4) 1  x 2
x 1 x x a2 ab b
2
1) sin  2) cos  3) tan2  4) cot2 
2
2.  1

The value of sin C ot cos  T an x 
1
 is 11.  
2Sin - 1 x = Sin - 1 2 x 1  x 2 holds good for
2 2
x 2 x 1 1) x  [0, 1] 2) x  [-1, 1]
1) 2)
x2  1 x2  2  1 1 
3) x   , 4) x  [-1, 0]
x 1  2 2 
3) 4)
x2  2 x2  2 12. cosec-1 (cos x) is defined if

## 3. tan  2T an 1 (cos x)  = 1) x   1, 1 2) x  R

1) 2tanx cosx 2) 2tanx cosecx 
3) 2cotx cosecx 4) 2secx 3) x  (2n  1) , n  z 4) x  n , n  z
2
4. cos2 Tan1  sin(Cot1 x)   =  1 x2 
1
13. If 0  x  1 then tan  
x2  1 x2 1 x2 1 x2  1  1 x  is equal to
1) 2) 3) 4)  
x2  2 x2  2 x2  2 x2  1
5. If a> b> c>0 , then 1 1 x
1) cos 1 x 2) cos
1
2 2
 ab 1  1  bc  1  1  ca  1 
cot 1    cot    cot  
 ab   b c   ca  1 1 x
3) s in 4) All the above
1) 0 2)  / 2 3)  4) 3 / 2 2
1 y2 1 C.U.Q-KEY
1 1
6.
2
If sec 1  x  cos ec  cot 1   , 01) 1 02) 2 03) 3 04) 3 05) 3
y z
06) 3 07) 3 08) 1 09) 1 10) 1
then
11) 3 12) 4 13) 4
1) x + y + z = 0 2) x + y + z = 1
3) x + y + z = xyz 4) x + y + z = –xyz C.U.Q-HINTS
2
1  2x  1  1- y 
-1   ]=
7. tan[ Sin-1  2 - Cos  1  x2 
2 1+ x  2  1+ y2  1. cos  1 x  tan  1  
 x 
 
x -y 2x
1) 0 2) 1 3) 4)  1 
1 + xy
1 - x2 2. tan 1 x  cos1  
2
8. -1 2 -1 2
Cos[Sin (2 cos  - 1) + Cos (1 - 2sin  )] =  1 x 
3. Apply 2 tan–1x formula

1) 0 2) 1 3) -1 4)  1   1 
2 4. Cot1 x Sin1   & Tan1 x  Cos1  
2 2
 1x   1x 

9. If Tan-1 x + Tan-1y + Tan-1z = then 5. Cot 1   x     C ot 1 x
2
(Eam-2010) 6. Put x = tanA, y = tanB, z = tanC
1) xy + yz + zx = 1 2) x + y2 + z2 + 2xyz = 1
2 7. Put x = tanA ; y = tanB

171
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## 8. 2 cos 2   1  1  2 sin 2   cos 2 8. sec2(cot-1 ½ ) + cosec2(tan-1 1/3) =

1) 5 2) 10 3) 15 4) 50
1
9. Put x = =y=z  1 4 7
3 9. Find the value of Sin  Sin  Sin 1 
 5 25 
10. A pply cos–1x + cos–1y formula
 1 1  119 117 118 113
11. Standard x    2 ,  1) 2) 3) 4)
 2 125 125 125 125
-1
10. cos(2cos (7/25)) =
12. Cosec1(cos x) is defined only if cos x 1
 x  n ; n  z 527 527 527 24
1) 2) - 3)  - 4)
625 625 625 25
1 
13. Put x  , G.E = 1
2 6
11. If x   2 , the principle value of Sin-1x is
x
LEVEL - I (C.W)
  3
1) 2) 3)  4)
1. The domain of Sin 1 x  Cos 1 x is 4 2 2
 1 1  
1)   ,   2) [ 1,1] 3)  0, 2  4)  ,   12. The numerical value of tan  2 T an 5  4  is
 
2. The domain of log e sin 1  x  is 7 7
1) 1 2) 0 3) 4) 
1) (0, 1] 2) (0, 2] 3) (0,  ) 4) (–  , 0] 17 17
13. 2 Tan-1(1/2) + Sin-1(3/5) =
3. The range of Tan 1 x is
 
   1) tan-1( ) 2)
1) R 2)  0,   3) 0,   4)   ,   
 2 2
 
 7  1
3) 4) tan-1( )
4. The principal value of Cos  cos  is  
 6 
14. Tan-1(2) + Tan-1(3) =
7 5 5 13
1) 2) 3) 4)   3 5
6 3 6 6 1) - 2) 3) 4)
4 4 4 4
3
5. Sin 1 ( )  Tan 1 ( 3) is 15. Tan 1 (
m
)  Tan  1 (
mn
)
2 n mn
 2     3
1) 2) 3) 4) 0 1) 2) 3) 4)
3 3 6 2 3 4 4
6. 
cot 1 2  3   16. 2 Tan-1
1
+ Tan-1
1
=
3 7
   
1) 2) 3) 4)
      3
1)  2) 3) 4)
2 4 4
 -1 13   -1 2 
7. cot Sin  - sin Tan
17  3 
= 1 3
 
17. sec [Tan-1 5 + Tan-1 - Tan-1 ]=
5 4
2 2 2
1) - 2) 0 3) 4) 1) 3/ 5 2) 5 / 3 3) 4 / 5 4) 2
13 13 3 13
172
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

## 28. The trigonometric equation Sin1 x  2Sin1 a

-1
 -1
 -1

18. 4 Tan - Tan + Tan
an = has a solution for (AIEEE-2003)
  
1)  2)  /2 3)  /4 4) 3  /4 1
1) a  2) all real values of a
2
 5   1  24 
19. Tan  1    Sin 
1
  C os ( x )  x 
 12   25  1 1
3) a  4) a 
2 2
31 33 36 39
1) 2) 3) 4) n n
325 325 325 325 n
29. If n  N,  Sin  1  xk   2
then  xk =
k 1 k 1
12 13 
20. If Sin-1( ) + Sec-1 ( )= then x =
13 x 2 k (k  1) n(n  1)
1) n 2) k 3) 4)
1) 12 2) 13 3) 11 4) 5 2 2

3 4  x2 x3 x4 x6
21. If Sin-1( ) + Sin-1( ) = then x = (EAM-2008) 30. If Sin-1(x- + -…)+Cos-1(x2- + -...)
x x 2 2 4 2 4
1) 6 2) 7 3) 8 4) 5

a b  = for 0  x  2 then x =
22. Tan ( )  Tan1 ( )  then x 
1

x x 2
1) 1/2 2) 1 3) - 1/2 4) -1
-1
1) ab 2) ab 3) a 2  b 2 4) a 2  b 2 31. The value of Sin (sin10) is
1) 10 2) 10-3  3) 3  -10 4) -10
23. 
Tan1 x  1  x2   32. The greatest of Tan 1 1,Sin 1 1, sin1, cos1 is

##  1 1 1) sin1 2) cos1 3) tan 1 1 4) sin 1 1

1)  tan 1 x 1
2) tan x
4 2 2 2y
 1  1 33. If Tan-1x,Tan-1y, Tan-1z are in A.P. then 1-y2=
1 1
3)  tan x 4)  tan x
2 2 4 2
x - z x + z
3a 2 x - x 3 x 1) 2) 3) x + z 4) xz
24. If Tan-1 ( 3 -1
2 )=k Tan  a  then k =
1 + xz 1 - xz
a - 3ax  
1) 2 2) 3 3) - 2 4) 4 LEVEL - I (C.W)-KEY
01) 2 02) 1 03) 4 04) 3 05) 2
2x x2 - 1 
25. -1
If Tan ( 2 -1
) + Cos 2 = then x = 06) 1 07) 2 08) 3 09) 2 10) 2
x -1 x +1 3 11) 2 12) 4 13) 3 14) 3 15) 3
1) 2 - 3 2) 3 - 2 3)2 + 4) + 2 16) 3 17) 2 18) 3 19) 3 20) 1
3
21) 4 22) 2 23) 4 24) 2 25) 1
x-1 x+1  26) 2 27) 3 28) 1 29) 1 30) 2
26. If Tan-1 ( ) + Tan-1 ( )= then x= 31) 3 32) 4 33) 2
x-2 x+2 4

    LEVEL - I (C.W)-HINTS
1) 2) ± 3) ± 4) 1. Domain =[-1, 1]
2 2 3 3
27. If Cos-1 x = Cot-1 (4/3) + Tan-1(1/7) then x = 2. Domain of log e x is x > 0

  
3  3. Range of Tan-1x=( , )
1) ½ 2) 3) 4) 2 2
2 2 5
173
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

7 5 5 24 24
4. Cos1[Cos( )]  Cos1[cos(2  )]  19. Sin1 ( )  Tan 1 ( ) and apply
6 6 6 25 7
3   2  x y 
5. Sin 1 ( )  Tan 1 (  3)    Tan1x  Tan1 y    Tan1   ; xy  1
2 3 3 3  1  xy 
6. Cot150  2  3 1 
20. Sec  1 x  Cos  1 1 1
and Sin x  Cos x 
13 2 2 2 x 2
7. Sin 1  Cot 1 , Tan  1  Sin  1
17 13 3 13 1 a b 
21. Apply Sin  Sin1  then x  a 2  b 2
sec 2  tan 1 2   cos ec 2  cot 1 3   x x 2
8.
1 1  a x
1  tan 2  tan 1 2   1  cot 2  cot 1 3  22. Apply Tan x  Cot x     x  ab
2 x b
9. Apply Sin1x  Sin1y  Sin1[ x 1 y2  y 1 x2 ] 23. Put x  Tan
x
4 7 24. Put  Tan
formula where x  , y a
5 25
25. Put x  Tan
10. Apply 2Cos 1x  Cos 1 (2 x 2  1) formula
26. Apply Tan 1x  Tan1 y formula
7
where x  3 1
25 27. Cos 1x  Tan 1  Tan1 ( ) Apply
11. Put X=1 4 7

1 2 x  p q p 
12.
1
Apply 2Tan x  Tan ( ) formula Tan1    Tan 1  
1  x2 q q p 4
where X= 1/5
 1
 Cos1x  x
 1 4 2
 1  1  3
2T an 1    Cos 1  4   Cos 1  
13. 2 1 5  
 1   28.
1
The range of Sin x  [ , ]
 4
2 2
x y  
14. Tan1x  Tan 1 y    Tan 1 ( ),   Sin 1 x 
1  xy 2 2
x>0,y>0 xy>1 formula    
  2 Sin 1a    Sin 1a 
1 1 1 x  y 2 2 4 4
15. Apply Tan x Tan y  Tan ( ), formula
1 xy
1 1 1
16. 1
Apply 2Tan x formula after
 a a
2 2 2
 x y  29. Put x1  x2  x3  ........  1
tan 1 x  tan 1 y  tan 1  
 1  xy 
n
1 
17. Tan 1 5  Tan 1
5
= and
2
Tan  1
3
4
 Co sec  1
5
3
 xk  1  1  1  ........  1(n time)  n
k 1

1 120 2
18. 4Tan 1  Tan1 Apply 30. Put x  x  x(x 1)  0  x  0 (or) 1
5 119
7 1
Tan 1x  Tan 1 y and Tan 1x  Tan 1 y 31. radian=  57017144.811 and Sin lies
22
174
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

  8. Sec2(Tan-1(2) ) + Cosec2(Cot-1(2)) =
between  and 1) 5 2) 10 3) 15 4) 50
2 2
4 63
9. Cos 1 ( )  Cos 1 ( ) =
1  5 65
32. 1 radian=  57017144.811 Sin 1  is
2 1 204 1 300
1) Cos ( ) 2) Cos ( )
325 325
the greatest
1 201 1 204
1 1 1 3) Cos ( ) 4) Sin ( )
33. 2Tan y  Tan x  Tan z 300 325
10. sin (1/2 Cot-1 (-3/4)) =
2y xz
Tan1 ( 2
)  Tan 1 ( ) 1) 1/ 5 2) 2 / 5 3) - 2 / 5 4) - 1/ 5
1 y 1  xz
11. If ‘x’ is a negative real number then the value
of Cos-1 x + Sec-1 x is
LEVEL - I (H.W)
1) rational number 2) irrational number
1 2x  1 3) integer 4) imaginary
1. The domain of Sin is
3 5 - 1
1. (-2, 1] 2. [-2, 1] 3. R 4. [-1, 1] 12. tan (2 Tan -1( )) =
2
2. The domain of Cos 1 2 x is
1) 4 2) 3 3) 1 2 4) 2
1) [-1, 1] 2) [-1/2, 1/2]
4 1
3) [0, 1/2] 4) (1, 1/2) 13. Sin 1  2Tan1  (Eam-2005)
5 3
3. The range of Cot 1 x isF
  3
   1)  2) 3) 4)
1)  0,   2) 0,   3)   2 , 2  4) R 2 4 4
 
1 1
 2   14. Tan1 ( )  Tan 1 ( )  (Eam-1999)
1  2 3
4. The principal value of Sin  Sin    is
  3 
   
1) 2) 3) 4)
2   2 2 4 3 6
1) 2) 3) 4)
3 3 3 3 3 1
15. Tan1 ( )  Tan 1 ( ) 
1 5 2 5
5. The principal value of Sin (Tan( )) is
4    3
1) 2) 3) 4)
    4 2 4 4
1) 2) 3) 4)
4 4 2 2
1 1
16. 4 Tan-1 - Tan-1 =
2 2
1 5 239
6. Sec ( )
1 3
  3
  3  1)  2) 3) 4)
1) 2) 3) 4) 2 4 4
12 3 4 6
5 2
1
Sin (2Tan  1 )  Cos (Tan  1 2 2 ) 17. Cot (cos ec 1  Tan1 ) 
7. The value of 3
is 3 3
12 13 14 16 6 3 4 5
1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 2) 3) 4)
13 14 15 15 17 17 17 17
175
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## 1 1 1 140 220 7 221

18. 2Tan 1  Tan 1  2Tan 1  1) 2) 3) 4)
5 7 8 221 221 11 220
  3 28. The equation 2 Cos 1 x  Cos 1  2 x2  1 is
1)  2) 3) 4)
2 4 4
satisfied by
 1) 1  x  1 2) 0  x  1
19. If Sin-1 x - Cos-1 x = then x = (Eam-2002)
6 3) x  1 4) x  1
n n

1) 1/2 2)
3
3) - 1/2 4)-
3 29. If  Cos1 xr  0 , then  xr equals to
r 1 r 1
2 2
n( n  1) n
1  1 1) 0 2) n 3) 4)
20. Cos ( 3 x)  Cos x  then x = 2 2
2
1 1 30. Sin 1  x 1  x  x 1  x 2  
1) 0 2) 3) 4) 1  
2 2
1) sin 1 x  sin 1 x 2) sin 1 x  sin 1 x
5 12 
21. Sin 1( )  Sin 1( )  , (x > 0) then x = 3) sin 1 x  sin 1 x 4) 0
x x 2
1) 12 2) 13 3) 14 4) 15   3 
31. If    2 , 2  then Sin 1  sin   
 
x 5 
22. Sin1( )  Co sec1( )  then x = (AIE-2007) 1)  2)    3) 2   4)   
5 4 2
1) 1 2) 3 3) 4 4) 5 a - b
32 Cos-1 ( )=
1 sin x a + b
23. Tan-1( )=
cos x b
1) 2 Tan-1 b 2) 2 Tan-1
a
 x    x
1) - 2) - x 3) + x 4) + a ab
4 2 4 4 4 2 3) 2 Tan-1 4) 2 Tan-1 ( )
b a - b
  2   33. If   Tan 1 a,   Tan 1 b and ab=-1 , then
24. A value of Tan 1 sin  C os 1   is
 3  
     is equal to :
     
1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 0 2) 3) 4) 
4 2 3 6 4 2
LEVEL - I (H.W)-KEY
2
1 2a 1 1 1  a 01) 2 02) 3 03) 1 04) 2 05) 4
25. Tan[ Sin 1 ( )  Cos ( )] 
2 1  a2 2 1  a2 06) 1 07) 3 08) 2 09) 1 10) 2
11) 2 12) 4 13) 2 14) 2 15) 3
2a 2a a a 16) 3 17) 1 18) 3 19) 2 20) 3
1) 2 2) 2 3) 2 4)
1 a 1 a 1 a 1  a2 21) 2 22) 2 23) 4 24) 4 25) 2
26. If 3Tan-1 (2 - 3 ) - Tan-1 (x) = Tan-1 (1/3) 26) 1 27) 2 28) 2 29) 2 30) 2
31) 2 32) 2 33) 3
then x =
1) 1/2 2) 2 3) 3 4) 1/3 LEVEL - I (H.W)-HINTS
8 5
27. If C os 1 ( )  C o s 1 ( )  C o s 1 x then x =
17 13 2x 1
1. Sin 1x domain [-1, 1]  1  3
1

176
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

2. 0  2x  1 5 2
17. Cot 1 (Co sec 1  Tan 1 )
3. Range of cot 1 x is  0,   3 3
3 2
 Cot ( Sin 1 ( )  Tan1 ( ))
 2   5 3
4. Sin 1 ( Sin  1
  Sin [ Sin(  )]
 3  3 x
1 1
Apply Sin x  Tan and
 5
Sin 1[Tan 
 1 1  x2
5. ]  Sin ( 1)
 4 
3 3
 Sin 1  Tan 1 apply Tan 1x  Tan 1 y
2 2  5 4
6.  Sec
1 3 12 formula
1 1 2 x
1 2x 1 18. Apply 2Tan x  Tan ( ) and
7. Apply 2Tan x  Sin ( ) and 1  x2
1  x2
Tan 1x  Tan 1 y formula
1 1 1
Tan x  Cos ( ) formula
1  x2 19. Put x 
3
2
8. 
Sec 2 (Tan 1 2)  Co sec 2 Cot 1 2  1
20. Put x 
=1+ Tan2 (Tan 1 2)  1  Cot 2 (Cot 1 2) 2
9. Apply
1 a 1  b  
21. Apply Sin ( )  Sin    then
Cos 1x  Cos 1 y  Cos1 ( xy  1  x2 1  y 2 ) x x 2
formula x  a 2  b 2 formula
1 3
10. Put Cot ( )x x  4 
4 22. Sin 1  Sin1   
5  5 2
11. x  1 only satisfied a b 
1
1 1 Apply Sin  Sin 1  then
 Cos x  Sec x  2 =Irrational number x x 2
12. Apply 2Tan 1x formula
x  a 2  b 2  5  x 2  42  x  3
13. Apply 2Tan 1x formula
1  Sinx  x
23.  Tan(  )
4 1 4 4  Cosx 4 2
 Sin 1  2Tan 1  Sin1  Cos 1 
5 3 5 5 2
1 1 
24. Tan1[ Sin(Sin 1 )]  Tan 1 ( ) 
3 3 6
1 p 1  q  p  
14. Apply Tan ( )  Tan   25. Put a  Tan
q q p 4
1  1 1
15. Apply Tan 1x  Tan 1 y 26. 2  3  Tan150 then Tan x  4  Tan 3
1 120
16. 4Tan 1    Tan1 ( ) then apply 27. Apply Cos1x Cos1y  Cos1(xy  1 x2 1 y2 )
5 19
28. Given equation satisfied for 0  x  1
1 1
Tan x  Tan y formula
29. Cos 1x1  Cos 1x2  .........  Cos 1xn  0
 x1  x2  .............  xn  1
177
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## n 6. The value of the expression

  xr  n 
Sin 1  Sin
22  1  5  1  5 
  Sin  Cos 2 
1
  Cos  Cos   Tan  Tan
r 1  7   3   7 
2 is
30.  
Sin1[x 1 x  x 1 x2 ]  Sin1[x 1 x  x 1 x2 ]
17  
1)  2 2) 2 3)  2 4)
= Sin 1 x  Sin 1 x 42 21 21
31. Sin 1 ( Sin )  Sin 1 ( Sin (   ))     1 -x
7. cos [2 Sin-1 ]=
 2 2
 b 

1  b  
1  
 a   C os  1   a   b
C os  1      2T an
1
1
32. 1  b  1 ( b 2  a 1) x 2) 3) 2x 4) 3x
)
 a   a  x
 
8. If Sin-1(x) - Cos-1(x) = Sin-1(x - 1) then x =
Tan  Tan a  b [EAM-2004]
33. Tan(   )   
1  Tan Tan 1  1 1) 0, ½ 2) -1, ½ 3) 1, - ½ 4) ½, 1
 
   9. If Sin-1(6x) + Sin-1(6 3 x) = - then the value
2 2
of x is
LEVEL - II (C.W)
1 1 1 1
1) 2)  3)  4)
1. Range of Sin–1x + Cos–1x + Tan–1x is 12 12 4 3 4 3

  3    3  
1)  ,  2) (0,  ] 3)  ,  4) [0,  ] 10. If Tan-1(2x) + Tan-1(3x) = then x =
4 4  4 4  4
1) 1/2 2) 1/4 3) 1/6 4) 6
2. Range of f ( x)  Sin 1 x  Tan 1 x  Sec1 x is
1 - x2 1 - x2 2
  3    3  11. If Cot-1 ( ) + Cos-1 ( )= ;
1)  ,  2)  ,  2x 1 + x2 3
4 4  4 4 
x > 0 ; x  1 then x =
 3     
3)  ,  4)  ,  1 1 1 1
4 4   2 2 1) 2) ± 3)± 4)
3. The domain of Sin–1 [log2(x2/2)] is 2 2 3 3
1) [–2, –1] 2) [1, 2] 1 1 1 2
12. If Tan  Tan 1  Tan 1 2 then x =
1 2x 4x 1 x
3) [–2, –1]  [1, 2] 4)  2, 0
2
4. Arrange the following functions in the 1) 1 2) 0 3) -3 4)
3
increasing order of their domains.
f(x) =Sin-1x; g(x) = Cos1 2x ; h(x)=Sin-12x ;  b
13. Tan[Tan-1( )+Tan-1( )]=
k(x)=Tan-1 (5x) a+b a2 + ab + 1
1) f(x), g(x), h(x), k(x) 2) g(x), h(x), k(x), f(x)
1) a 2) 1/a 3) b 4) 1/b
3) g(x), h(x), f(x), k(x) 4) g(x), f(x), h(x), k(x)
5. The value of cos (2Cos-1 0.8) is 14. In a ABC , If C is a right angle then
1) 0.48 2) 0.96 3) 0.6 4) 0.28 a b
Tan 1 ( )  Tan 1 ( )
bc ca

178
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

   5 1 1 3
1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 0 2)  3) 4)
3 4 6 2 2 2 2
23. If 0  x  1 , then
-1
x + 1 -1
x - 1
15. If Tan ( ) + Tan ( ) 2
x - 1 x 1  x 2  x cos(cot 1 x )  sin(cot 1 x
   1 
 
=  + Tan-1 (-7) then x =
x
1) 2 2) -2 3) 1 4) no solution 1) 2) x 3) x 1  x 2 4) 1  x 2
16. The number of real solutions of 1  x2
24. The value of ' a ' for which
-1 -1 2

Tan ( x(x + 1) + Sin (x + x + 1) =
is
 ax2  Sin1 ( x2  2x  2)  Cos1 ( x2  2x  2)  0
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4)  has a real solution, is
-1 -1 -1
17. If x = Tan (1) + Cos (- ½) + Sin (- ½ ) and   2 2
y = cos [ ½ Cos-1 (1/8)] then 1) 2)  3) 4) 
2 2  
1) x = 2  y 2) y = 3  x 2 2
3) x =  y 4) y =  x 25. If minimum value of Sin 1 x    Cos1 x  is
18. Let a,b,c be a positive real numbers
2
1 a(a  b  c) b(a  b  c) , then value of k is
  Tan  Tan 1  k
bc ca
1) 4 2)6 3)8 4) 10
c(a  b  c)
Tan 1 then tan   2 2 5 2
If  Tan x    Cot x  
1 1
ab 26. , then x =
8
1) 0 2) 3 3) 1 4) 4 
[Eam-2011]
19. If x, y and z are in A.P and Tan 1 x, Tan 1 y 1) -1 2) 1 3) 0 4) 2
1
and Tan z are also in A.P then (Aie-2013) 27. If 6Sin 1 ( x 2  6 x  12)  2 , then the value
1) x  y  z 2) 2 x  3 y  6 z
of x , is
3) 6 x  3 y  2 z 4) 6 x  4 y  3z
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) does not exists
20.
 1 1

1 1
If sin cos sin tan x
     1 , where 28. If Cos1 x  Sin 1 x , then x belongs to the
interval
[] denotes the greatest integer function,
1) ( , 0) 2) ( 1, 0) 3)
then x 
1) [tan sin cos1, tan sin cos sin1] 1 1
[0, ) 4) [1, )
2 2
2) (tan sin cos1, tan sin cos sin1)
29. The least integral value of x for which
3) [ 1, 1] 4) [sin cos tan1, sin cos sin tan1]
Tan 1 x  Cot 1 x is
21. I f x (3 - x)  2 then
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4
Sin-1 (x) + Sin-1 (x2) + …...... + Sin-1 (x10) =
30. The value of Sin 1 (sin12)  Sin 1 (cos12) 

1) 2) 2  3) 5  4)10  1) 0 2) 24  2 3) 4  24 4) 8
2
1 1  1 1 y
22. If Cos x  Cos y  and 31. If Cos x  Cos ( )   then
2 2
Tan 1 x  Tan 1 y  0 then x 2  xy  y 2  4 x 2  4 xy cos   y 2  [AIEEE-2005]

179
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## 1) 4sin 2  2) 4sin 2  range =  f  1 , f 1

3) 4 4) 2sin 2 x2
( ) x2
32. If log 2x  0 then 3. 1  log2 2
 1  21   2  1  x2  4
2
2x f: sin 1  x  domain  1,1
log 1 {Sin 1 2
 2Tan1x}  4.
 1 x
 1
log 1 (4Tan x) 1 g: cos 1 2x domain  0, 
1) 2) 0 3) -1 4) -2  2

 1 1 
1 3
1 1 h: sin 1 2x domain  , 
33. If Sin x  Sin y  Sin z  then  2 2
2
x 201  y 201 x 402  y 402 k: tan 1 5x domain R
 ( x603  y603 ) ( x804  y804 )  5. Apply 2Cos 1 x  Cos 1 (2 x 2  1) formula
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) 3
  2    17
34. The ascending order of minimum values of 6.       2  2
7 3 7 2  42
the function P : Sin 1x  Cos 1x
Q : Tan 1x  Cot 1x , R : sec 1 x  Co sec 1 x 1 x
7. Put x  Cos   Sin
1) P, Q, R 2) P, R, Q 2
3) Q, P, R 4) Q, R, P 8. Verify with option
 1   1  9. Apply sin–1x + sin–1y formula
35. Tan-1  1 + (1) (2)  + Tan-1  1 + (2 ) (3 )  +
   
10. Apply Tan1 x  Tan 1 y formula
 1 
……………+Tan-1  1   n  1 n   = 11. Put x  Tan
 
12. Apply Tan1 x  Tan 1 y formula
  1  n 1
1) 0 2) 3) 4) Tan   Tan[Tan1 (
1
)  Tan1 (
 a  b   a )]
4 2  n 1 13. ab 1   a  b a
LEVEL - II (C.W)-KEY
01) 3 02) 3 03) 3 04) 3 05) 4
1
06) 1 07) 1 08) 1 09) 2 10) 3  Tan[Tan 1 ( )  Tan 1 (a  b)  Tan1a]
a b
11) 4 12) 2 13) 2 14) 2 15) 1
 1 1
16) 3 17) 3 18) 1 19) 1 20) 1 = Tan[  Tan (a )] 
21) 3 22) 4 23) 3 24) 2 25) 3 2 a
26) 1 27) 4 28) 4 29) 2 30) 1
14. Applying Tan1 x  Tan 1 y formula and
31) 2 32) 3 33) 4 34) 2 35) 4

## 1. Domain of Sin 1 x  Cos 1 x  Tan 1 x is [-1,1] 15. By verification x=2 satisfied

 1  1
Range is [  Tan (1),  Tan (1)] 16. x(x+1)  0 and x² + x + 1  0
2 2
2. Common domain = 1,1
But sin
1
 x  domain [0, 1]
180
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

 x(x+1) = 0  x = 0 or –1 1 2 1 2 1 2 
1 2
25. ( Sin x )  (Cos x)  ( Sin x )  (  Sin x )
3  2
17. x , y  Cos put
4 2 2
 2(Sin 1 x )2   Sin 1 x 
4
1 1  Cos 3
Cos 1     , y  2 2
8 2 4 4.2. 
 Its minimum value is 4 2

8 8
 x x 
18. use Tan1x Tan1 y Tan1z  Tan1 
 1 xy  26.
1 1 2  1
1
(Tan x  Cot x)  2Tan x( Tan x) 
5 2
  2 8
(or) Put a=b=c=1 verify option
3 2
2(Tan1 x)2   Tan1 x  0
19. 2Tan 1 y  Tan 1 x  Tan 1 z  y 2  xz 8
 3
 x, y, z are in G.P as well as in A.P  Tan 1 x   ,
4 4
x yz

1 1 1 1  Tan 1 x    x  1
20. 1  Sin Cos Sin Tan x  4
2

 Sin1  Cos 1Sin1Tan 1 x  1 27. Sin 1 ( x 2  6 x  12) 
3
 CosSin1  Sin 1Tan 1 x  Cos1
x 2  6 x  12  ( x  3)2  3  3 x  R
 SinCosSin1  Tan1 x  SinCos1
 TanSinCosSin1  x  TanSinCos1 1
28. If  1  x   Cos 1 x  Sin 1 x
21. Given 3xx2 2x2 3x20x 1(or) 2 2
At x=2 sine is not defined 
29. 2 Tan 1 x  .
1 1
So Sin (1)  Sin (1)  .........  10 times 2

##   30. Sin1 (Sin12)  Cos1(Cos12)  12  4  4 12  0

=   .....  10 times = 5
2 2 31. Apply Cos1x Cos1y  Cos1(xy  1 x2 1 y2 )
22. Tan 1 x  Tan 1 y  0  x  y
32. log x 2  0  1, for
 1
Cos 1 x  Cos 1 y  x 2x
2 2 x  1, Sin 1 ( )    2Tan 1 x
1  x2
1 1 x 3
23. Apply Cot x  Cos ( ) and 33. Sin 1 x  Sin  1 y  Sin 1 z   x  y  z 1
1  x2 2
1 34. common domain of P,Q,R is {-1,1}
1 1
Cot x  Sin ( ) formulas
1 x2 3
min of P is at x  1  P  
2
2
24. x 2  2 x  2   x  1  1  1  x  1

  min of Q is at x  1  Q 
a 0a  2
2 2 
min of R is at x  1  R 
2
181
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

n
1
 1  1 1
1  5 
 tan   tan  n   tan 1
1
35.  7. 
The value of tan  2 Cos    is
n 1  1   n  1 n    3 

LEVEL - II (H.W) 3 5
1) 2) 3  5
2
1. Range of Sin 1 x  Cos 1x is 1
3)
2

3 5  4) 2  3
3  5 
1) [ , ] 2) [ , ]
2 2 3 3 1 5 24
8. If Tan  Tan1  Cos 1x then x =
3 12 25
3) [ , ] 4) [0,  ]
2 31 33 36 39
1) 2) 3) 4)
325 325 325 325
2.
1 2
The ascending order of A  Sin log3 ,   9. 6Sin 1 ( x 2  6 x  8.5)   , then x =
  1  1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 0
B  Cos 1  log 3    , C  Tan 1  log1/3 2 is
  2  8
1) C,B,A 2) B,A,C 3) C, A,B 4) B,C,A 10. If Tan-1 (x+1) + Tan-1(x -1) = Tan-1 then x =
31
3. The domain of Tan 1 (5 x ) 1) 1 2) 1/2 3) -1/2 4) 1/4
    1 1
1) R 2)  0,   3) 0,   4)  ,  11. If Cot-1 ( ) + Cot -1 (
)=
 2 2 x + 1 x - 1
4. The decreasing order of , Tan-1 3x - Tan-1 x then x =
 1 3  1   1 
1) ±1/2 2) -1, ± 1/3 3) 2, ±1 4) -1,±1/2
A   Sin  1 
  2 2   B  Cos  2  ,
    
 1 
12. Tan-1 + an-1
Tan =
 3 1  2 
C  Tan 1   is 1)  2)  /2 3)  /4 4) 3  /4
 2 2 
1)B,A,C 2)B,C,A 3)C,A,B 4)C,B,A  1 1 a   1 1 a 
13. Tan   C os   Tan   C os 
1 33 4 2 b 4 2 b
5. The value of Sin (Cos ( )) is
5 1) b/a 2) a/b 3) 2a/b 4) 2b/a
3 7    1  9 9  
14. C o s 1   C os  S in  
1) 2) 3) 4)  2  1 0 10  
5 5 10 10
10 35 3 7 7 17
  1   1) 2) 3) 4)
6. Cos 1  cos   Sin  sin  20 10 20 20
 7   11 
1 x 1 1   x 1 
 24  26  15. If Tan ( x  2 )  Tan  x  2   4 then x 
1   
Tan 1  tan   Cot  cot  is
 13   5 
1 1 1 1
1) 2)  3)  4)
4  2 4  2 2 2 3 3
1)   2)  
7 55 13 7 55 13 16. The number of solutions of the equation
2
4  2 4  2 2  Sin 1 x   5Sin 1 x  2  0 is
3)   4)   
7 55 13 7 55 13 1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) 3
182
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

## 1 1) No solution 2) One solution

17. If < x < 1 then 3) Two solutions 3) Three solutions
2 25. The smallest and the largest values of
 x  1  x2   1 x 
Cos 1 x  Cos  1   Tan 1   , 0  x  1 are
 2  1 x 
 

      
1) 2Cos 1 x  2) 2Cos 1 x 3) 4) 0 1) 0,  2) 0,3)  , 4) ,
4 4 4 4 4 4 2
18. Value of Tan 2  Tan 3  Tan 4 
1 1 1 26. If  ,  ,  are the roots of the equation

## 1 3 1 5 x 3  mx 2  3 x  m  0 , then the general value

1)   Tan 2)   Tan
5 3 of Tan1   Tan 1   Tan1  is
1 5 1 3  n
3)   Tan 4)   Tan 1)  2n  1 2) n 3)
3 5 2 2
19. The function f ( x)  Tan 1 (sin x  cos x) is an 4) dependent upon the value of m
increasing function in  1 
       27. For 0  Cos 1 x   and   Sin x 
2 2
1) ( , ) 2) (  , ) 3) (0, ) 4) (  , )
4 2 2 4 2 2 2
1
20.
1  1
If Cot x   Cos x   0 where x is non- then value of Cos  Sin1 x  2Cos 1 x  at x is
5
negative real number and  denotes the 2 6  6 2 6 6
greatest integer function, then complete set 1) 2) 3) 4)
5 5 5 5
of values of x is 28. If ' a ' is twice the tangent of the arithmetic
1) (cos1, 1] 2) (cos1, cot1)
mean of Sin 1 x and Cos1 x , ' b ' is the geo-
3) (cot1 1] 4) (0, cos1)
metric mean of tan x and cot x . Then
21. For the equation Cos 1x  Cos1 2 x    0
x 2  ax  b  0  x 
the number of real solution is 1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 0
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) 3
29. If x>1 then 2Tan x cannot be equal to
1

22. If   2Tan
1
 
2 1 ,
 1  x2 
1 1  2 x 
1 
1  1 1 1) Cos  1  x 2  2)   Sin  2 
  3Sin    Sin ( 2 ) and    1 x 
 2
2
1  2x  1  1  x 
  Cos 1 then 3)   Tan 
1
2  4)   Cos  2 
3  1 x  1 x 
1)      2)     
3)      4)      30. Cos 1 (Cos12)  Sin 1 ( Sin12) 
23. The value of 1) 0 2)  3) 8  24 4) 8  24
   1 x y 5
Sin 1  cot  Sin 1
2 3
 Cos 1
12
 Sec1 2   31. If Cos  Cos 1  and
  4 4  is a b 12
  
 
1) 0 2) 3) 4)  x y  x2 y2
2 3 Sin1  Sin 1  then 2  2 
1 1 11 a b 12 a b
24. The equation 2 Cos x  Sin x  has
6

183
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

1 3 5 3. Domain of Tan 1 x is R
1) 1 2) 3) 4)
4 4 4 4. A  0, B  900 , 0  C  900
32. 2Cos 1x  Sin1 (2 x 1  x 2 ) is valid for 33 3
5.  6   Q1
1) 1  x  1 2) 0  x  1 5 5
1 1 33 3
3) 0  x  4)  x 1 Sin 1 [Cos ( )]  Sin  1[ Cos ( )]
2 2 5 5

  10  
33.
1 1 1
If Tan x  Tan y  Tan z  and 6. cos–1cos  7  =
2
( x  y ) 2  ( y  z ) 2  ( z  x) 2  0 then  10 
  4   4 
cos–1cos  2   7  = cos–1cos   = 
x2  y2  z2 
   7  7 
1) 0 2) 4 3) 1 4) 2  35   13 
sin–1 sin   = sin–1sin  2   +
1 12  11   11 
34. The ascending order of A  Cos (Sin )
13
 13   2 
3 1 1 sin–1sin   = sin–1sin    
B  Sin(2Tan 1 ) C  Tan( Cos 1 ) is  11   11 
4 2 3
1) A, B, C 2) A, C, B 3) B, C, A 4) B, A, C  2  2
n = sin–1 sin    = 
 2m   11  11
35.  Tan1  m4  m2  2  
m1
 2 4   2 
2 2 tan–1 tan   = tan–1 tan   2  =
1  n  n  1  n  n   13   13 
1. Tan 
 n 2  n  2  2. Tan 
 n 2  n  2 
   
 2  2
n2  n  2 
1   tan–1 tan   = ]
3. Tan  2  4.  13  13
 n n  4
LEVEL - II (H.W)-KEY  26  1     
cot 1  cot   cot  cot  5    =
01) 1 02)3 03) 1 04) 2 05) 4  5    5  5
06) 1 07) 3 08) 3 09) 2 10) 4
11) 1 12) 3 13) 4 14) 4 15) 2 5
7. Put Cos 1 x
16) 2 17) 3 18) 4 19) 2 20) 3 3
21) 1 22) 2 23) 1 24) 1 25) 2 x 24 24
8. Sin1x  Tan1  Sin1  Tan1
26) 2 27) 1 28) 3 29) 4 30) 4 1 x2 25 7
31) 4 32) 4 33) 3 34) 2 35) 1
Apply T an  1 x  Tan  1 y  x  Ta n  1  x  y  ,
LEVEL - II (H.W)-HINTS  1  xy 

1 1  xy  1 formula
1. Let y  Sin x  Cos x   2Cos 1 x
2  17 
9. 6sin 1  x 2  6 x    
3   2
0  Cos  1 x      y
2 2
 17  
2. 0  A  900 , B  900 , C  0 sin 1  x 2  6 x   
 2 6

184
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

## 17 1 20. 0  Cot 1 x   and 0  Cos 1 x  

x2  6 x   solve the equation. It has two
2 2 Cot 1  x   and Cos 1  x  1
values. x  (Cot 1, 1]  Cos 1  Cot 1
10. Apply Tan1 x  Tan 1 y formula 21. We have Cos 1 x  Cos 1 2 x   which is
11. Tan1  x 1 Tan1  x 1  Tan13x Tanx not possible as Cos 1 x and Cos 1 2 x never
Apply Tan 1 x  Tan 1 y and take negative values
Tan1 x  Tan1 y formula  7
22.   2Tan 1 ( 2  1)  , ,
4 12
1 5 11 1 60 11 1 
12. [2Tan1 Tan1 ]  [Tan1 Tan1 ] 
2 6 60 2 11 60 22 4 1 
  Cos 1 ( ) 
3 4
1 a a
13. Put Cos 1    Cos 2 
2 b b    
23. Sin 1[Cot (   )]  Sin1[Cot ( )]
12 6 4 2
  2
Apply Tan(   )  Tan(  )   Sin 1 (0)  0
4 4 Cos2
9  23  
14. Cos 1[Cos(  )]  Cos 1[Cos( )]  Sin 1 x  [ , ]
10 4 20 2 2
17 1 1 1 11  11
1 24. Cos x  (Cos x  Sin x)   Cos1x  
= Cos [Cos(2  )] 6 2 6
20
17 17 4
1
)]   Cos 1 x  which is not possible as
= Cos [Cos( 3
20 20
15. Apply Tan1 x  Tan 1 y formula Cos 1 x  [0,  ]

## 16. Put sin–1x = a 1 1 x 

25. We have Tan ( )   Tan 1 x
1 x 4
1 1
17. Cos 1 x  Cos 1 ( x.  1  x2 ) Since
2 2
 1 x 
1  0  x 1  0  Tan1x   0  Tan1( )
1 1 1 4 1 x 4
= Cos x  Cos ( )  Cos x 
2 4
26. Let   Tan1 ,   Tan 2,   Tan3
18. ApplyTan1x Tan1 y   Tan1( x  y ), xy 1
1 xy Tan(1  2  3 )  1  2  3  n , n  z
And Tan1 x  Tan1 y formula 
1 1 27. Cos(  Cos 1 x )   1  x 2
19. f ( x)  Tan ( Sinx  Cosx) find f ( x) 2
   Sin 1 x  Cos 1 x
f '( x)  0 if   x   then 28. a  2Tan( )  2(1)  2
2 4 2 2
3  b  Tanx.Cotx  1
  x  Hence f ( x ) is increasing
4 4
 x 2  ax  b  0  x 2  2 x  1  0  x  1
 
when x  ( , ) 1 
2 4 29. if x>1 then 2 tan x  by verification
2
185
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

 1  x2  1 1 1
  cos 1  C  Tan( Cos 1 ) put Cos 1  
2  is not equal to 2 tan x.
1
2 3 3
1 x 
1
30. (4  12)  (12  4 )  8  24 then C 
2
x y 5
31. Cos 1  Cos 1   (1) and n
a b 2 2m
35.  tan 1( m4  m2  2 )
y x  m 1
Cos 1  Cos 1   (2)
b a 2 n
(m2  m  1)  (m 2  m  1)
y  y 1   tan 1 ( )
(1)+(2)  Cos
1
   m 1 1  (m2  m  1)(m 2  m  1)
b 4 b 2
n
x  x 3
1   [tan 1 ( m2  m  1)  tan 1 (( m2  m  1)]
(1)-(2)  Cos   
a 6 a 2 m1

x2 y 2 5 LEVEL - III
 
a 2 b2 4
32. Let x  Cosy where 0  y   , x 1 C os 1  41/ 49 
1.
1 1 2
S in 1  2 / 7  =
2Cos x  Sin (2 x 1  x )  (1)
1) 4 2) 3 3) 2 4) 1
1 1 2
 2Cos (Cosy )  Sin (2Cosy 1  Cos y ) 2. If x takes negative permissible value, then

##  2Cos 1 (Cosy )  Sin 1 ( Sin2 y ) Sin 1 x 

  1) Cos 1 1  x 2 2)  Cos1 1  x 2
Sin ( Sin2 y )  2 y for   y 
1
4 4 3) Cos1 x 2 1 4)   Cos1 1  x 2
And 2Cos 1 (Cosy )  2 y for 0  y  
Thus equation (1) holds only when a - x x - b
3. Cos-1 = Sin-1 ( a  b ) is
a - b a - b
 1
y  [0, ]  x  [ ,1] possible if
4 2
1) a  x  b or a  x  b
1 2) a = x = b
33. Put x  y  z 
3 3) a > b and x takes any value
4) a < b and x takes any value
1 1 1
x2  y2  z2     1
3 3 3
1 1

4. The value of Sin cosCos  cos x  Sin  sin x
1

12 5  
34. A  Cos(Sin1 ) where x   ,   is
13 13 2 

 Sin 1
x  Cos 1 1  x 2  1)

2)  3)  4) 

2 2
3 24  2x 
B  Sin(2Tan1 )  2Tan x  Sin (
1 1
) 1 -1 4 
4 25  1 x2  5. If x  sin  2T an 1 2 and y=sin  Tan 
2 3
then

186
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

2 2  2   
1) x  y 2) x  y 4) x  y
3) 1) tan 2) cot   3) tan  4) cot
5 2 2 2
6. Sin–1(sin3) + Cos–1(cos7) – Tan–1(tan5) = 15. If a1, a2, a3 ........ an are in A.P. with common
1)   1 2)  3) 3   1 4) 2   1 difference ‘d’, then
7. The number of solutions of      
Tan1  d  Tan 1  d   ...
 a a 2 3
   1  a a  1  a a  
Sin 1 1  b  b 2  ....   Cos1  a    ...  
tan  
1 2 2 3

 
 3 9  2
 
1  d
 ......  Tan   
1  an1an  
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 
 
8. If y  ( Sin1 x)3  (Cos 1 x)3 then
(n - 1) d (n - 1) d
3 3 1) 2)
1) min y  2) min y  a1  a n 1 + a 1a n
8 32
3 7 3 nd a n - a1
3) max y  4) max y  3) 4)
8 32 1 + a1a n a n  a1

1 2 1 n  n 1 c1 x  y c c c c
1
9. Sin ( )  Sin1( ) ....  Sin1( ) .... 16. Tan1 ( )  Tan1 ( 2 1 )  Tan1 ( 3 2 )
2 6 n(n 1) c1 y  x 1  c2c1 1  c3c2

  3 1
1)  2) 3) 4) ....  Tan 1 ( )
2 4 2 cn

 x 2   2x 
1  1 2 1 x
1
10. Cos  x  1  x 2
1    Cos  Cos 1 x 1) Tan  y  2) Tan 1 ( xy )
 2 4  2  
holds for : 1  x 1  y
3) Tan  y  4) Tan  
1) x  1 2) x  R   x
 

3) 0  x  1 4) 1  x  0 1  1  1  2  1  4 
17. Tan    Tan    Tan    ......
11. The set of values of x from which the 3 9  33 
1 1 x 1    
identity Cos x  Cos   3  3x2   1) 2) 3)  4) 2 
2 2  3 4 2
holds good is
1  1  1 x
1 1 18. Value of Sec  2
 4Cos1 
1) [0,1] 2) [0, ] 3) [ ,1] 4) {1, 0,1}  1 2x  2
2 2
 x 3  1  2x  k  1
 1  x2 
12. If A = T an  1   and B = Tan   1) 2Tan x 1 2) Tan  
 2k  x   k 3   1 x 
 
then A-B =
1) 00 2)  / 6 3)  / 4 4)  / 3 1
 1  x2 
13. The number of solutions of the equation 3) Cot   4) constant for all x
 1 x 
Tan-1(x–1) + Tan-1(x)+Tan–1(x+1)=Tan-1(3x) is  
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 19. The solution set of the equation
Tan 1 x  Cot 1x  Cos1  2  x  is :
14. Cot 1  
cos  Tan 1  
cos   x  0, then
sin x = (AIE-2002) 1)  0,1 2)  1,1 3) 1,3 4) 1,3

187
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

## 20. The number of solutions of the equation 1) – 7 2) – 5 3) – 3 4) 5

 28. Point P(x, y) satisfying the equation
3 Cos 1 x   x 
0
2 
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) infinitely many Sin–1x + Cos–1y + Cos–1(2xy) = lies on
2
21. Number of real solutions of the equation 1) the bisector of the first and third quadrant
1  cos 2 x  2 Sin 1 (sin x) where 2) bisector of the second and fourth quadrant.
  x   3) the rectangle formed by the lines x = ± 1 and
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) 4
y  1 .
22. If the equation
4) a unit circle with centre at the origin.

S in 1
x 2

 x  1  C os 1
 x  1  
2 29. If  is the only real root of the equation

has exactly two solutions, then  can have x3  bx 2  cx  1  0(b  c ) then the value of
the integral value. 1
Tan 1   Tan 1   
1) 1 2) 0 3) 1 4) 2  
 
23. If x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 are roots of the equation 1) 2)  3) 0 4) 
2 2
x 4  x3 sin 2  x 2 cos 2  x cos   sin   0
3 1 
1 1 1 1 30. cos ec2  Tan 1  +
then Tan x1  Tan x2  Tan x3  Tan x4  2 2 
 3 2  1   
1)  2)   3)    4)   sec  Tan 1    
2 2 2  
n 1 1) (   )( 2   2 ) 2) (   )( 2   2 )
24. If Cot  , n  N then the maximum
 6 3) (   )( 2   2 ) 4) 0
value of ‘n’ is
1) 6 2) 7 3) 5 4) 10 31. x  n  Tan 1 3 is a solution of the
2 10
25. If  Cot 1 x   7  Cot 1 x   10  0 , then x equation 12 tan 2 x   1  0 if
cos x
lies in the interval 1) n is any integer
2) n is an even integer
1)  cot 5, cot 2  2)    , c o t 5    c o t 2 ,  
3) n is a positive integer
4) n is an odd integer
3)  , cot 5  4)  cot 2,  
LEVEL - III-KEY
26. The value of x for which 01) 3 02) 2 03) 1 04) 4 05) 2 06) 1
1 2
Cos  cos 4  3x  4 x is 07) 4 08) 2 09) 2 10) 3 11) 3 12) 2
13) 3 14) 1 15) 2 16) 3 17) 1 18) 4
 2 6  8   2  6  8 
1)  0,  2)  , 0  19) 3 20) 2 21) 3 22) 2 23) 2 24) 3
 3   3 
25) 4 26) 4 27) 4 28) 4 29) 2 30) 3
 2  6  8 2  6  8  31) 4
3)  2, 2  4)  3
,
3

 
LEVEL - III-HINTS
27. The least integral value of k for which
(k – 2)x2 + 8x + k + 4 > Sin–1(sin 12) + 41 2
1. cos 1  2 sin 1  
Cos–1(cos 12) for all x  R , is 49 7

188
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

## 2. Let sin 1 x  y  x  sin y x

 Cos 1
 cos 1 x
2
 1
since  1  x  0 therefore   sin x  0 L.H.S > 0, hence R.H.S>0
2
x
  Cos 1  Cos 1 x  0
  y  0 2
2
Since Cos1 x is decreasing function
1 2 1 2
 ( y )  cos 1  x  y   cos 1 x
x x
 x   0  x   0,1
ax x b 1 2 2
3. Take  
ab a b 2 1
11. by verification x  and 1
4. sin 1 cos  x    x   / 2 2
12. Put x = k = 1
4 A pply tan–1 x – tan–1 y formula
5. Put tan-i2=A and tan-1 =B then verify
3 13. tan–1 (x–1) + tan–1 (x+1) = tan–1(3x) – tan–1x
6.   3  7  2  (5  2 ) =   1 apply the formula
7. The given equation is valid if 14. cot 1 cos   tan 1 cos   x
a2 a3
1 1 b  b2  ....  1, and a    ....1,1 
3 9   2 tan 1 cos   x
2
2 a 2 a3
also 1  b  b  ....  a    ....  2 cos 
3 9   tan 1 x
8. By standed formula 2 1  cos 

3 3 3 7 3 
1 2 cos 
 2 cos 
  Sin x    Cos x  
1 1
 cot    x  cot x 
32 8  1  cos   1  cos 
n  n 1 n  n 1 1 cos 
9. Tn  Sin 1  Tan 1  sin x   tan2  / 2
n(n  1) 1 n n 1 1  cos
15. Taking terms in numerator as
 Tan 1 n  Tan 1 n  1
d  a2  a1  a3  a2 ........... after that apply
 
S Tan11Tan10  Tan1 2 Tan11 .......Tan1
tan 1 x  tan 1 y formula

 Tan1  Tan 1 0   x 1   1 1 
2  y c   c c  1
1
Tan  1
 Tan  1 2  ......Tan1  
1
1 x2  16. 1 x . 1  1 1 . 1 
C o s 1  x 2  1 x2 1   cn 
10. 2 4 
 yc  c c 
   1  1 2

x
x
2   1 x   1 1 
1  1   1 1 
 1 1 
 cos  1  x  1  x 2 1     Tan  Tan  Tan  Tan  .....Tan  
2

2 
   y c1   c1  c2  cn 
x
1 x2  1
= Tan  y 
1 2 2

For Cos  2 x  1  x 1  4   

   2n 1  n 1 
1  n
1 2  2
17. Tn  tan  
 1  22n 1   tan  
   1  2n.2n 1 
 
189
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

 tan 1 2n  tan 1 2 n 1   x1   x1 x2 x3  
 tan 1    
   1   x1 x2  x1 x2 x3 x4  2
S  tan 1   tan 1 1 =  
2 4 4
n  n
24. cot 1      3 n   3
 1  1 x   6 
18. sec 1  2 
 4 cos 1
 1 2x  2 n  5.46
1 x  Maximum value of ‘n’ is 5.
 cos1 1  2 x 2   4 cos1 2
2 25.  cot x   7 cot x  10  0
1 1

1 x   cot x  2  cot x  5   0
1 1
   cos1  2 x 2  1  4cos 1 -- (1)
2
put x  cos  then (1) can be written as Since Cot 1x  5 is negative and does not exits

   cot 1 x  2  x   cot 2,  
  cos 1  cos 2   4 cos 1 cos  
2
26. cos1  cos 4   cos 1 cos  2  4   2  4
   2  2   which is constant for all x.
19. Since, tan 1 x and cot 1 x exists for all x  R and  2  4  3 x 2  4 x

cos1  2  x  exists, if  3 x 2  4 x   2  4   0
1  2  x  1
tan 1 x  cot 1 x  cos 1  2  x  is possible 2  6  8 2  6  8
  x
3 3
only, if 1  x  3 , thus the solution of given
equation is [1,3] but at x = 3 given equation not 27. sin–1(sin 12) = sin–1 sin(12 – 4  ) =
12 – 4 
satisifed therefore x  1,3 . cos–1(cos 12) = cos–1 cos(4  – 12) = 4  – 12
  \ (k – 2)x2 + 8x + k + 4 > 0
20. cos 1 x  x  has only one real root.
3 6 if k = 2 then 8x + 4 > 0 (not possible)
if k > 2 then k – 2 > 0
21. 1  cos 2 x  2 sin 1  sin x 
and 64 – 4(k – 2)(k + 4) < 0
cos x  sin 1  sin x  The graph of 16 < k2 + 2k – 8, k2 + 2k – 24 > 0
(k + 6)(k – 4) > 0  k  5
y  cos x intersect the curve

y  sin 1  sin x  in 2 points in   ,   28. cos–1y + cos–1(2xy) = – sin–1x = cos–1x
2
22. x2  x 1   x 1   
 cos cos 1 ( 2 xy ) = cos cos 1 x  cos 1 y 
 x  0,   1 and  1  x  0
 2xy = xy + 1 x 2 1 y 2  x2 + y2 = 1
 0    1   0
23. from given equation. 29. Let f ( x)  x3  bx 2  cx  1
 x1  sin2 ; x1x2  cos2;  x1x2 x3  cos; f (0)  1  0, f ( 1)  b  c  0
and x1 x 2 x 3 x 4   sin    lies between 1 and 0
1 1 1 1
 tan  x1   tan x2  tan x3  tan x4  1 1
   0  tan(  )    cot 

190
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - VOL - II

1
tan 1   tan 1    tan 1   cot 1  LEVEL - IV

  1. A sser t ion (A ) : I f 0 < x < then
    2
2 2 Sin-1(cosx)+Cos-1(sinx)=  -2x
3 1    3 2  1 1   
30. cos ec2  tan 1   sec  tan Reason (R) : Cos-1x = - Sin-1x  x  [0,1]
2 2  2 2   2
1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct
    explanation of A
    2) Both A and R are true but R is not correct
3 1  3 1
  explanation of A
  1     1  cos  tan 1  
 1  cos  tan   

 3) A is true but Ris false
      
4) A is false but R is true
2. Statement -1: Number of roots of the equation
   

1
 
1
 cot 1 x  cos 1 2 x    0 is zero.
3 3 
     
 1    1   Statement - 2: Ragne of cot 1 x and cos  1 x
2 2 2 2
       
is  0,   and 0,   respectively
  1) Both the statements are true and statement 2
3 3
 2  2    is the correct explanation of statement 1
2 2
       2   2    2) Both the statements are true but statement 2
is not the correct explanation of statement 1
  2   2 [(   )  2   2 ] 3) statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false
4)statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true
 (   )( 2   2 )
3. Let  x, y  be such that
31. 1
x  n  tan 3
sin 1  ax   cos1  y   cos 1  bxy    / 2
 tan 1 3  n  x  tan( n  x)  3
a) If a  1, b  0, then  x, y  lies on
  tan x  3  tan x  3
p) x 2  y 2  1
2 tan x 3
 tan 2 x   and
1  tan x 2
4 b) If a  1, b  1, then q)  x 2  1 y 2  1  0
1 1 c) a  1, b  2, then r) y  x
cos x   
1  tan 2 x 10 d) a  2, b  2then s)  4 x 2  1 y 2  1
On substituting these value in the given equation 1) a  p, b  q, c  p, d  s
1 2) a  p, b  q, c  s, d  r
we find only cos x   satisfies the equa-
10 3) a  r , b  q, c  s , d  r
tion. So that the given equation holds for values of
4) a  p, b  q, c  r , d  s
1
x for which tan x  3 and cos x   4. Which of the following function(s) is/are
10 identical
Which is possible if x lies in the second quadrand
only and so n must be odd integer. (i) f(x) = cot(cot–1x) ; g(x) = x
(ii) f(x) = sin–1(3x – 4x3) ; g(x) = 3sin–1x

191
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS JEE MAINS - C.W--VOL
JEE MAINS VOL--IIII

 
(iii) f(x) = sec–1x + cosec–1x ; g(x) = 3) sin 1  ax   cos 1 y  cos 1  bxy  
2 2
(iv) f(x) = tan(cot–1x) ; g(x) = cot(tan–1x) 
sin 1  ax   cos 1  bxy    cos 1 y
(v) f(x) = e ln cot
1
x
; g(x) = cot–1x 2
use sin 1 x  sin 1 y for LHS
ln sec 1 x
(vi) f(x) = e ; g(x) = sec–1x
1) only i,iv,v 2) i, iii,iv only we get abx 2 y  1  b 2 x 2 y 2 1  a 2 x 2  y
3) ii,v,vi only 4) i,iv only  abx 2 y  y   1  b 2 x 2 y 2 1  a 2 x 2
5. Which of the following function(s) is/are
squaring on both sides and simplify we get
periodic?
x
y 2  a 2 x 2  b 2 x 2 y 2  2abx 2 y 2  1
2
(A) f (x) = where [ ] denotes greatest Now verify the options
2[ x ]
integer function 5) A) period of x  x  is 1
(B) g (x) = sgn {x} where {x} denotes the
B) period of  x is 1
fractional part function
C) period does not exist.
(C) h (x) = Sin 1  cos( x 2 )  D) period is 2
2
(D) k (x) = Cos
1
 sin x  6)  tan x 
1
 3 tan 1 x  2  0 or

## 1) only A,B,D 2) only B,D,C t 2  3t  2  0 ,  t  2  t  1  0

3) only B,A,C 4) only A,D,C
6. Solution of the system of inequalities  tan 1
x  2  is always < 0
involving inverse circular functions
ar c tan2x – 3 arc tanx + 2 > 0 and tan 1 x  1  x  tan1 ,  x   , tan1
[sin–1x] > [cos–1x] where [ ] denotes the
again sin 1 x    cos 1 x 
greatest integer function.
1) x   sin1,1 2) xsin 1,1 sin 1 x  can take the values 2, 1, 0,1
3) x  sin1,1 4) x   sin 1,1
and  cos 1 x  can take the values 0,1, 2, 3
LEVEL - IV-KEY
 sin 1 x  can be greater than cos 1 x only..
01) 1 02)1 03) 1 04) 1
05) 1 06) 2 If sin 1 x   1 and  cos 1 x   0

## LEVEL - IV-HINTS Now sin 1 x   1 , 1  sin 1 x  2

1
1     1       sin 1  x  1 and  cos x   0
1) A : sin  sin  2  x    cos  cos  2  x  
     
0  cos 1 x  1 , cos1  x  1
1 1 
Reason : sin x  cos x  is correct.  Now x must satisfy x   sin1, 1
2

192