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Speak English-Define 1
Future

1. Simple Present Tense

Simple Present
Form = VERB(s)

Max plays tennis every weekend. Max goes to work at 9


o'clock. Todd usually eats pizza for breakfast.

The simple present is used to express that something happens or someone


does some thing habitually or on a regular basis.

Water boils at 212° Fahrenheit. The Earth orbits the Sun. The
Earth isflat*.

The simple present is also used to express factual information.

The movie starts in twenty minutes. Max's plane leaves at


9:00.

The simple present with future expressions can be used to express future
events.

This guy goes into a bar and says the bartender...

The simple present can be used to narrate events that took place in the past
or to narrate stories.

Max appears happy. Mary seems nice. I think that


Mary is nice. Joe likes pizza.

The simple present is used to express present conditions or states with


stative and perception verbs.

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

subject + auxiliary verb + main verb


do base

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There are three important exceptions:

1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.


2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb
or es to the auxiliary.
3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions
and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

subject auxiliary verb main verb

+ I, you, we, they like coffee.

He, she, it likes coffee.

- I, you, we, they do not like coffee.

He, she, it does not like coffee.

? Do I, you, we, they like coffee?

Does he, she, it like coffee?

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no
auxiliary:

subject main verb

+ I am French.

You, we, they are French.

He, she, it is French.

- I am not old.

You, we, they are not old.

He, she, it is not old.

? Am I late?

Are you, we, they late?

Is he, she, it late?

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How do we use the Simple Present Tense?

We use the Simple Present when we talk about something which happens
repeatedly.

We use the Simple Present to describe a series of actions in the present.

Simple present is also called present simple.

When to use Simple Present?

We use the simple present tense when:

• the action is general


• the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and
future
• the action is not only happening now
• the statement is always true

John drives a taxi.

past present future

It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.

Look at these examples:

• I live in New York.


• The Moon goes round the Earth.
• John drives a taxi.
• He does not drive a bus.
• We do not work at night.
• Do you play football?

Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for
situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to

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talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the simple
present tense - some of them are general, some of them are now:

Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.

past present future

The situation is now.

I am not fat.
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.

past present future

The situation is general. Past, present and future.

The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is
also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or
schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.

English Made Easy: Tips


This page shows the use of the simple present tense to talk about general events.
Note that there are some other uses for the simple present tense, for example in
conditional or if sentences, or to talk about the future. You will learn about those
later.

be

Use:

• am with the personal pronoun II


• is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with the singular form
of nouns)
• are with the personal pronouns we, you or they (or with the plural
form of nouns)

• example: I am hungry.

affirmative negative question

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I I am. I am not. Am I?

he/she/it He is. He is not. Is he?

you/we/they You are. You are not. Are you?

have

Use:

• have with the personal pronouns I, you, we und they (or with the
plural form of nouns)
• has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form
of nouns)

• example: I have a dog. / I have got a dog.

• 'have got' is mainly used in British English. You can also use 'have' on
its own (especially in American English). In this case, however, you
must form negative sentences and questions with the auxiliary verb
'do' (see 'All other verbs').

positive negative question

I/you/ I have got. / I I have not got. / I Have I got? / Do I


have. do not have. have?
we/they

he/she/it He has got. / He He has not got. / Has he got? / Does


has. He does not have. he have?

All other verbs

Use:
 the infinite verb (play) with the personal pronouns I, you, we and
they (or with the plural form of nouns)
 the verb + s (plays) with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with
the singular form of nouns)

affirmative negative question

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I/you/we/ they I play. I do not play. Do I play?

he/she/it He plays. He does not play. Does he play?

Tips on how to form negative sentences and questions

Negative sentences and questions are formed with the auxiliary verb 'do'.

The 3rd person singular of 'do' is 'does'. This means that in negative
sentences and questions the 's' of the main verb is placed behind 'do'.

Use

1) repeated actions

My friend often draws nice posters.

2) things in general

The sun rises in the East.

3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events

The plane flies to London every Monday.

4) actions in the present - one follows after the other

First I get up, then I have breakfast.

5) instructions

Open your books at page 34.

6) with special verbs

I understand English.

Signal words

every day, often, always, sometimes, never,

normally, seldom, usually If Clause Type I (If I talk, …

Form: 3rd person singular he, she, it: infinitive + -s

Form of Simple Present


 P: He speaks.
 N: He does not speak.

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 Q: Does he speak?

Examples

Affirmative sentences:

I read books. My brother reads books.


We sing pop songs. She sings pop songs.
I play handball. John plays handball.

Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary do for
negations.

I like computers.
I don't like computers at all.

My friend likes computers.


My mum doesn't like computers at all.

Questions:

Use the auxiliary do.


Do you play football?
Does he play football?

Special verbs in the Simple Present

1) have as a full verb

affirmative sentence negative sentence question


I, we, you, they:
I have a book. I do not have a book. Do I have a book?
he, she, it:
He has a book. He does not have a book. Does he have a book?

2) be as a full verb

affirmative sentence negative sentence question


I am from Britain. I am not from Britain. Am I from Britain?
he, she, it:
He is from Britain. He is not from Britain. Is he from Britain?
we, you, they:
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We are from Britain. We are not from Britain. Are we from Britain?

We often use the short forms with this verb.

3) do as a full verb

affirmative sentence negative sentence question


I, we, you, they:
I do an exercise. I do not do an exercise. Do I do an exercise?
he, she, it:
He does an exercise. He does not do an exercise. Does he do an exercise?

4) modal auxiliaries can, could, may, must, need, will etc.

affirmative sentence negative sentence question


every time regardless the subject (I, he, she, it, we, you, they):
I can play tennis. I cannot play tennis. Can I play tennis?

Simple Present - Exceptions in Spelling

The 3rd person singular is usually formed by adding s. But


there are a few exceptions to the rule:

The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. So
don't add s.

example: he can, she may, it must

Verbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch, sh, s, x) add es instead of s.

example: do - he does, wash - she washes

A final y after a consonant becomes i.e. before s.

example: worry - he worries

But: A final y after a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) is not modified.

example: play - he plays

Simple Present - Use


facts (something is generally known to be true)

The sun never sets in the east or south or north, but alway
The sun sets in the west. in the west.

action in the present taking place once, never or several times

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Colin plays football regularly - every Tuesday.
Colin always plays soccer on In English, signal words are often used, e.g.: always
Tuesdays. never, seldom, often, regularly, every Monday.

actions in the present taking place one after another

She takes her bag and leaves. First one action takes place and then the other.

action set by a time table or schedule

Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place


The train leaves at 9 regularly and is set by a time table.
pm.
verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions and mental
activity

When you love someone, that's a state, a fact or emotion, but not an actio
I love her. (like ‘running’ for example). Whenever you want to express a state,
possession, sense or emotions, use the simple form (not the progressive).
The following words all belong to this group:
 be (state)
 believe (mental activity)
 belong (possession)
 hate (feeling and emotion)
 hear (senses)
 like (feeling and emotion)
 love (feeling and emotion)
 mean (mental activity)
 prefer (mental activity)
 remain (state)
 realize (mental activity)
 see (senses)
 seem (feeling and emotion)
 smell (senses)
 think (mental activity)
 understand (mental activity)
 want (feeling and emotion)
 wish (feeling and emotion)

SUMMARY

Use Example

action in the present taking place once, never or Colin always plays soccer on
several times Tuesdays.

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actions in the present taking place one after She takes her bag and leaves.
another

facts (something is generally known to be true) The sun sets in the west.

action set by a timetable or schedule The train leaves at 9 pm.

verbs of possession, senses, emotions and I love her.


mental activity

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