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Effect of irrigation and weed management on grain yield, Soil moisture

depletion pattern and WUE of hybrid maize under West Bengal condition.
Utpal Giri1, P. Bandyopadhyay1 and Arunabha Chakraborty2 
1
Department of Agronomy,  2Department of Agril. Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture 
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia – 741252, West Bengal, India. 
Abstract
A field experiment was conducted in sandy loam soil of Bidhan Chandra Krishi
Viswavidyalaya,“C”-Block Farm, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal during pre-kharif season to study
the most critical physiologically water need stage of hybrid maize, effect of scheduling irrigation
at different physiological growth stages and different methods of weed control measures on yield
and WUE under West Bengal condition. The experiment was laid out in a split-plot design
having 4 levels of irrigation in main plots and 5 methods of weed control in sub-plots and
replicated thrice. The 4 different levels of irrigation were I1 – irrigate at silking stage at 60 DAS,
I2 – irrigation at knee height stage at 35 DAS; I3 – irrigation at tasselling stage at 45 DAS and I4
– no irrigation. 5 different methods of weed control were – W1 – pre-emergence application of
metribuzin @ 600 g ha-1, W2 – pre-emergence application of bispyrebac sodium 10% SC @ 800
g ha-1, W3 – post-emergence application of targasuper 5 EC @ 50 ml ha-1, W4 – Hand weeding
twice at 20 DAS and 40 DAS and; W5 – unweeded control. The hybrid cultivar was PAC – 775.
The grain yield (t ha-1) was significantly influenced by both the treatments. Highest grain
yield (5.45t ha-1) was recorded under irrigation applied at knee height stage at 35 DAS (I2) and
pre-emergence application of metribuzin @ 600 g ha-1 (W1) and also showed the same result
when these two treatments were in combination.
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The minimum number (m area) and dry weight (g m area) of total weeds were
recorded under irrigation applied at knee height stage at 35 DAS (I2) and hand weeding twice at
20 and 40 DAS (W4) and also showed the same result when these two treatments were in
combination. However, the highest weed control efficiency was recorded under pre-emergence
application of metribuzin @ 600 g ha-1 (W1).
The lowest CU (210.9 mm), Soil moisture depletion and highest WUE (18.8 kg ha-1 mm-
1
) were recorded under irrigation applied at knee height stage (I2) and these were just reverse in
case of irrigation applied at silking stage (I1).

Key words: Hybrid maize, irrigation, weed management, yield and water use efficiency (WUE)