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Planning system & analyst

Topic 1.1.1

Before a system is designed, what the system should do needs to be identified.

System analyst

 Systems are designed and analyzed by the system analyst

This can be done using surveys, interviewing users, observing

them or by tracing how information is handled by looking at
the documents produced by it.

System analyst must make an evulation for the current system.

It asks;

1- What works fine, what doesn’t

Based on this question, it introduces a new system that is better than the old system in order
to increase productivity.

system analyst has to factor number of things;

1- What existing infrastructure (altyapi) from the existing system can be used in the new
2- What requirements on hardware and software will the new system have?
3- Are there any ethical issues resulting, for example will the
new system make people redundant, leading to loss of jobs?
Will people need retraining?

Topic 1.1.2

Describe the need for change management

Why is change hard?(system change)

Without a proper plan the new system will cause to some problems while skipping into new sytem.

Many factors will need to be regarded;

1- Employer-employee training
2- How will the system be implemented?
3- Type of change-over: Direct changeover? Parallel running? Pilot projects? Phased

Why does change need to be managed?

1- Change management is a structured approach for ensuring that changes are thoroughly and
smoothly implemented
2- It also impacts people. People and how they move from the current situation to new one.

Topic 1.1.3

compatibility issues = uyumluluk sorunlari

legacy = In computing, a legacy system

is an old method, technology, computer system,

or application program, that may or may not be

supported/available for purchase any more.

business merger = a combination of two things,

especially companies, into one

Mergers are complicated

Rarely any two businesses on the world use the exact same

systems. So, when two businesses merge, it is a major issue

to get their systems to work together. Some issues are listed


– Language differences

– Part of business operating in a different country than host using an

older version of a system

– If workers delegate, will their laptops work in other departments?

– If an American and an European businesses merge, their unit systems

need to be merged (one uses SI units, one doesn't)

– Businesses not using same software environment (Microsoft

Exchange vs. IBM Lotus Notes)

Topic 1.1.4

Compare the implementation of systems using a client’s hardware with hosting systems remotely.

Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)


1- No cost in employing
2- Software manufacture can provide help in case of malfunction(ariza)
3- they have staff that fully understand the system


1- loss of control
2- Host may be in a different time zone
3- user feedback is harder to get
Local vs Remote

When deciding whether to use local hardware or utilise the cloud there are several
considerations that must be made.

There are four main models of computing that can be offered in the cloud.

– Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

– Platform as a Service (PaaS)

– Software as a Service (SaaS)

– Network as a Service (Naas)

• Each of these will have their pros and cons in terms of hosting

locally or in the cloud.

Cloud Computing


1- convineince
2- security
3- backups
4- environmentally friendly


1- security problems
2- storage limits
3- limited features
4- slow speed

Local Computing


1- security
2- backups can be collapsed
3- legacy software
4- feature control


1- Cost of hardware
2- Technical support
3- Lack of collaboration (isbirligi)
Topic 1.1.5

Evaluation of alternative installation processes