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307

ADDITIONAL MODEL EXAMINATION


MODEL EXAMINATION PAPER PAPERS
SEMESTER 1
SEMESTER 1
MATHEMATICS PAPER 1 [Set 1] 21hours
hour

Answer all questions.

1− 3
1. Express (2 + 3 )2 in the form a + b 3 where a and b are integers. Hence, express
( 2 + 3 )2
in the form p + q 3 where p and q are integers.

2. Solve the equation 2(32x) + 4(3x) + 2(32) = 24 + 3x +2


.

1 1 5 43
3. Given that an arithmetic series is – – – ... – . Find:
12 6 12 6
(a) the number of terms in the above series
(b) the sum of all terms.
x x 9a
4. Given that f(x) = + b and ( f ° f )(x) = + where a and b are positive constants. Find
a 4 2
the value of a and b. Hence, evaluate f(2).
27a
5. (a) Given that log3 a = x and log3 b = y. Express y in terms of x such that log9a
−i
1 b 2= log 3 a2b.

(b) Given that z = .


(1 − x )2
(1–2i)
(i) Find the real and imaginary parts of z.
(ii) Hence, express z in polar form.
6. Solve the following inequalities:
1 1
(a) <2 (b) <2
3− x x −3
1
Based on part (a) and (b), find the solution set for < 2.
3− x
3 3
7. (a) Express (16 + 32x) 4 in the form a(1 + bx) 4 .
(b) Determine the interval x for which the expansion is valid.
3
(c) Use the result in part (a) to find the expansion of (16 + 32x) 4 in ascending powers of x up to the
3
x3 term. Hence, evaluate (1.02) 4 correct to four decimal places.
8. The function g is defined by g(x) = 2 ln | x + 3|.
(a) Show that g(x) is a one-to-one function algebraically.
(b) Find g–1(x).
(c) Sketch the graphs of g(x) and g–1(x) on the same axes. Hence, state the domain and range
of g–1(x).
308 Model Examination Paper Semester 1

a 0 1  2 4 −6
3 3 4   
9. Matrices A and B are given by A =   and B =  −2 2 −2 .
 2 2 3  0 b 6 

(a) Find the values of a, b and k such that AB = kI, where I is the identity matrix.
(b) Given that |A| = 7, find the value of a.
(c) Based on part (b), find the value of b such that | AB | = 728.
 2 3 −3  −7 −2 −3
 1 −2 −1  
10. Given that A =   and the cofactor matrix of A is  p 2 −8 where p and q
 −2 1 4   −9 −1 q 
are real numbers.
(a) Find the values of p and q.
(b) Find the determinant of matrix A.
(c) Determine the adjoint of matrix A and hence, find the inverse of the matrix A.
(d) Hence, solve the following system of linear equations.
+ 3z
–3x – 3y 
–2x 3z =88
–x + 2y + z = 5
2x – y – 4z = –17
Model Examination Paper Semester 1 309

MATHEMATICS PAPER 2 [Set 1] 21hours


hour

Answer all questions.

x3 + 2
1. Express in partial fraction form.
x3 + x 2
k x −1
2. (a) If lim = –2, find the value of k.
x→1−
x2 − x
2x + 1
(b) Evaluate lim .
x→∞ x− x
q
1 − cosq + sin
2
3. Given f(q ) = .
q
2 sin q + 2 cos
2
1 q
(a) Prove that f(q ) = tan .
2 2
d2 f
(b) Hence, find in terms of q.
dq 2
4. A function f is defined by f(x) = | x – 1| – 1.
(a) Express f(x) as a piecewise function.
f ( x ) − f ( a)
(b) Hence, by using the definition of f ′(x) = lim , show that f(x) is not differentiable
x→a x−a
at x = 1.
5. A polynomial has the form P(x) = 2x3 + px2 – 4x + q where p and q are constants. If (x – 1) is
a factor of the expression P(x) and P ′(x),
(a) find the values of p and q.
Hence,
(b) factorise P(x) completely,
(c) solve for x if P(x) = q – 4x.

6. Given f(x) = 3 sin (x – 30°).


(a) Find the exact values of A and B such that f(x) = A sin x – B cos x. Hence, solve
3
A sin x – B cos x = for 0° ≤ θ ≤ 180°.
2
(b) Find the minimum value of f(x). Hence, find the smallest positive value of x for which a
minimum occurs.
 e x − m, x ≥ 0

7. (a) Given f(x) =  1
 , x<0
2 − x
where m is a constant.
Find the value of m such that f(x) is continuous at x = 0.
310 Model Examination Paper Semester 1

Ax 2 + B
(b) A function y is defined by y = where S(x) is a polynomial of degree 2. Given
S( x )
the function y has vertical asymptotes at x = –1, x = 0, horizontal asymptote at y = 1 and
cuts the x-axis at the point (1, 0). Find the function y.
1
4
8. A parametric curve is given by x = e t , y = t + , t ≠ 0.
t
dy
(a) Find in terms of t. Hence, find all the stationary points of the curve.
dx
(b) Use the second derivative test to find the coordinates of the local extremum.
9. (a) Using the first principle, find the derivative of f(x) = x + 1 . Hence, find the point on the
1
graph f(x) where the gradient is .
4
(b) Given ey + xy = 5x.
dy
(i) Find in terms of y by using implicit differentiation.
dx
2
(ii)  Hence, show that (5–y –d y)
x = ey  2 .
(ii) Hence, show that e dy 2 = 5 – y.
10. Snacks are sold in packets in the form of a closed cylinder with height h cm and radius r cm.
The surface area of a closed cylinder is 243p cm2.
243
(a) Show that the volume of the cylinder is given by V = p r – p r3.
2
(b) Find the dimensions of the cylinder to achieve a maximum volume.
(c) The cost for the construction of the packet is RM2 per cm2 for the curved surface while
it is RM3 per cm2 for the top and bottom surfaces. Find the cost of the construction
of the packet when the volume of the cylinder is maximum. Give your answer in terms of p.
Model Examination Paper Semester 1 311

MATHEMATICS PAPER 1 [Set 2] 21hours


hour

Answer all questions.


1. Find the exact value of x which satisfies the equation 3x +1
ex +2
= 2.
4
2. Find the expansion for 3 up to the term x3. Hence, find the first four terms in the
8 + 2x
4
binomial expansion of 3 .
8 − 6x
3. Given the domain of a function f(x) = 1 – ln | x + A | is x > 3. Find the value of A. Hence,
find f –1(x) and determine its range.

 3 −12
4. Given that A3 =   . Find the matrix A such that A3 = 4A + 3I. Hence, find the matrices
 −4 7 
A2 and A–1.
3 + 6i
5. (a) Given the complex number z and its conjugate z satisfy the equation 3z – i z = .
3+ i
(i) Find the value of z in the Cartesian form a + bi.
(ii) Represent z and its conjugate z in an Argand diagram.

(b) Given that log3 a = x and log3 b = y, express log9 1 27b a 2 in terms of x and y.
6. (a) The sum of the first eight terms of an arithmetic sequence is 100 and the difference
between the sixth term and third term is 9.
(i) Find the first term and common difference of the sequence.
(ii) Hence, find the 10th term of the sequence.
(b) The distance d1, d2, d3, …, which are consecutive terms of a geometric sequence, has been
recorded from bouncing a ball on the floor. The ratio of the fourth term to the second
term is 4 : 9.
(i) Find the common ratio.
4
(ii) The sum to infinity of the geometric sequence is . Find the sum of the first
3
5 terms.
7. Given the function f and g as follows:
x
f(x) = , g(x) = bx + 2a
a−x
where a and b are positive integers.
(a) Find the values of a and b such that (f ° f )(1) = –1 and g–1(8) = 2.
(b) Hence, find the solution set of (g ° f )(x) ≤ 3.
8. (a) Find the solution set of |x2 + 2x – 1| = 2x + 1.
(b) Solve |1 – 2x | ≤ | 3x + 1|.
312 Model Examination Paper Semester 1

9. A function h(x) is defined by h(x) = x + 1 .


(a) Sketch the graph of h(x). Hence, determine the domain and range.
(b) Find the function of g(x) for which (g ° h)(x) = x – 1. Hence, find the smallest positive
integer of k so that g(x) is not a one-to-one function at x ≤ k.
(c) Based on part (b) above, find the value of kq such that h(1 + k) = g(3).
 a −2 1 
 
10. Matrix P is given as  1 a −2 .
 −2 1 a 

(a) Find the values of a and k such that PPT = kI where I is the identity matrix. Hence, determine
P–1.
(b) By using P–1 in part (a), solve the following simultaneous equation.
2ax – 4y + 2z = 10
2x + 2ay – 4z = –14
–4x + 2y + 2az = 10
(c) If a = 2, find the determinant of the matrix P. Hence, find the values of | P2 | and | PT |.
Model Examination Paper Semester 1 313

MATHEMATICS PAPER 2 [Set 2] 21hours


hour

Answer all questions.

x+ y
1. Show that (cos x – cos y)2 + (sin x + sin y)2 = 4 sin2 1 2 2.

x+2
2. (a) Evaluate xlim .
→−∞
2x 2 + 1
(b) A function g is defined by
 −2 | x + 1 |
 , x ≥ −1
g(x) =  x + 1
4 x + m , x < −1
Find the value of m such that lim g(x) exists.
x→−1

x y
d ex ex e e
3. Show that
1
dx 1 + e 2
x
= x 2
(1 + e )
. The equation of a curve is
1+ e x +
1+ ey
= 0. Find the

dy
value of at (0, ln 2).
dx
ln h 2 + 1
4. The volume of oil in a container, V m3, is given by V = – 2 where h m denotes
h
the depth of oil in the container. If h decreases at a rate of 0.02 m per hour, find the rate of
decrease in h at the instant when the depth is 0.7 m.
x 4 − x 3 − 3x 2 + 2x + 6 A B
5. (a) The expression can be written in the form g(x) + +
2
x −x−2 x − 2 x +1
where g(x) is a polynomial of degree 2 while A and B are constants. Find the
polynomial g(x) and the values of A and B.
(b) Using the result in (a) and given g(x) is one factor of P(x) = 3x3 + px2 – qx – 2, find
the values of p and q. Hence, factorise P(x) completely.
6. Given an equation cos2 q = 3 sin q (1 – sin q ).
1
(a) Show that sin q = or sin q = 1.
2
(b) Hence, solve for q in the interval 0° ≤ q ≤ 2p. Give your answer in terms of p.
(c) Using the result in (b), find all solutions of the equation
p p  p 
1
cos2 q –
2 2
= 3 sin q – 1
2  2
1 – sin q – 1
2 
.2

2e2 In x − 1, x > 1

1, x =1
7. (a) Given that f(x) = 
1
2 1 − x , x < 1
 1 − x 2
Find lim f(x). Hence, determine whether f(x) is continuous at x = 1. Give a reason for
x→1
your answer.
314 Model Examination Paper Semester 1

(b) The piecewise function f is defined by


2 − 3x , x ≥ 2
f(x) =  2
 a + bx , x < 2
Given that f is continuous and differentiable at x = 2. Find the values of a and b.
8. A curve is defined by the parametric equations
x = t2 – e t , y = t2 + e −t
2 2

dy 1
(a) Show that =– t .
dx
2

e
dy d2 y dy 2 d2 y dy
(b) Show that 1 dx 2
+1
dx 2
+
dx 1 2
= 0. Hence, find
dx 2 when
dx
= 2.

9. The equation of a curve is given by 2y2 – x2 + 3y + 3x + 5 = 0.


dy 2x + A
(a) Find the values of A and B if = .
dx 4( y + B ) − 1
(b) Find the coordinates of two points on the curve at which the slope is 1.
d2 y
(c) Find the value of at the point (1, 1).
dx 2
x −1
10. The function f is defined by f(x) = .
( x + 1)2
(a) State the asymptote of f.
df
(b) By using rules of logarithm, find .
dx
(c) Determine the intervals where f is increasing and f is decreasing.
(d) Hence, determine the local extremum of f.

Full answers to the Model Examination Paper are available at http://cw.oxfordfajar.com.my/


MatricMathSem1_4eUpdated.
1

ANSWERS TOANSWERS
ADDITIONAL MODEL
TO MODEL EXAMINATION
EXAMINATION PAPER PAPERS
PAPER 1 [Set 1]
1. (2 + 3)2 = (2 + 3)(2 + 3) 1
(x + ab + a2b)
=
= 4 + 2 3 + 2 3 + ( 3)2 = 7 + 4 3 a2
2 2 x 9
= +
2 2
1− 3  1 − 3   7 − 4 3
= 4 2
2   1 1
( 2 + 3)  7 + 4 3   7 − 4 3  Equating coefficient x: 2 =
a 4
7 − 4 3 − 7 3 + 4 ( 3 )2 a = ±2
=
49 − 48 a > 0, a = 2
= 19 – 11 3 Equating coefficient x0:
2. 2(3 ) + 4(3x) + 2(32) = 24 + 3x + 2
2x 1 9
2
(ab + a2b) =
2(32x) + 4(3x) + 2(9) = 16 + 3x(32) a 2
2(32x) – 5(3x) + 2 = 0 1 9
When a = 2, (2b + 4b) =
Let u = 3x 4 2
2u2 – 5u + 2 = 0 3 9
b=
(2u – 1)(u – 2) = 0 2 2
1 b=3
u = or u = 2 x
2 Thus f(x) = + 3
2
1 2
So 3x = or 3x = 2 When x = 2, f (2) = + 3 = 4
2 2
x log10 3 = log10 1 x log10 3 = log10 2  27a 
2 5. (a) log9 
2 2
 b 
= log3 a2b
1
log 2
 b 2
log10  27a 
2 log10 2
x= = 3
log10 3 log10 3 = log a b 3
2
log 332
= log3 1 = log3 2
2 2 2
 27a 
log 3 
 b 
= log3 a2b
1 1
3. (a) Given a = T1 = , d = – 2
12 4
log3 27 + log3 a – log3 b = 2(log3 a2 + log3 b)
Tn = a + (n – 1)d
log3 33 + x – y = 2(2 log3 a + log3 b)
43 1
– = + (n – 1) − 
6 12
 1
 4 2 2 3 + x – y = 4x + 2y
3y = 3 – 3x
n – 1 = 29 y=1–x
n = 30 -i
(b) (i) z =
(1 - 2i )2
(b) S30 = ê2 2 2
30 é æ 1 ö
2 ë çè 12 ÷ø 2 2
1 ù
+ (30 - 1) - ú
4 û = 2
− i  −3 + 4 i 
−3 − 4 i  −3 + 4 i  2
425 1
=– or –106 or –106.25 4 + 3i 4 3
4 4 = = + i
x 25 25 25
4. Given f (x) = +b
a 4 3
Real part = , imaginary part =
(f ° f )(x) = f [ f (x)] 25 25
x 
2 2
22 22

2 2 2 2
 4  3
= f  + b 1 1
a  (ii) |z|=   +   =
25 25
=
25 5
x
+b 3
= a +b
a tan θ = 25
4
x + ab
25
= a +b θ = 36.87° = 0.644 radian
a
arg z = 0.644 radian
x + ab
= +b 1
a2 z = (cos 0.644 + i sin 0.644)
5
2 Answers to Model Exam Paper

3 3
1
6. (a) <2 (c) (16 + 32x ) 4 = 8(1 + 2x ) 4
3− x

2 2 22 2
  3  3 
1   3  4   4 − 1
3− x
–2<0
= 8 1 +   ( 2x ) +
  4  22 2!
( 2x )2
1 − 2(3 − x ) 
<0
3− x
2 22 22 2
2
 3  3   3  
2x − 5    − 1  4 − 2 
<0 4 4
3− x + ( 2x )3 + ...
3! 
2x – 5 – + + 
2
 3 3 5 
3–x + + – = 8 1 + x − x 2 + x 3 + ...
 2 8 16  2
2x – 5 – 5 + 3 – 2 5 3
3–x 2 = 8 + 12x – 3x + x + ...
2
( ) { }
3 3
5 5
The solution is –∞, ∪ (3, ∞) or x: x < or x > 3 (1 + 2x ) = (1.02)
4 4
2 2
1 1 + 2x = 1.02
(b) <2
x −3 x = 0.01
3
1
2 2
 3 3 5 
–2<0 8(1 + 2x ) 4 = 8 1 + x − x 2 + x 3 + ...
x −3  2 8 16 
3
1 − 2( x − 3) 3 3 2 5 3
<0 (1 + 2x ) = 1 + x – x + x + ...
4

x −3 2 8 16
7 − 2x By substituting x = 0.01
<0 3
3 3 5
x −3 (1.02) 4 = 1 + (0.01) – (0.01)2 + (0.01)3 + ...
2 8 16
7 – 2x + + – = 1.014963
x–3 – + + = 1.0150 (4 decimal places)
7 – 2x – 3 + 7 – 8. (a) Let g(x1) = g(x2)
x–3 2 2 ln |x1 + 3| = 2 ln |x2 + 3|
Raise both sides to the power of e
7 
The solution is (–∞, 3) ∪  ,∞ or
2  2 2 eln |x1 + 3| = eln |x2 + 3|
 7 x1 + 3 = x2 + 3
 x : x < 3 or x >  x1 = x2
 2
Thus, g(x) is a one-to-one function.
1
<2 (b) Let g–1(x) = y
3− x
g(y) = x
1 1
< 2 and > –2 2 ln | y + 3 | = x
3− x 3− x x
1 1 ln | y + 3 | =
< 2 and <2 2
3− x x −3 Raise both sides to the power of e
x
eln |y + 3| = e 2
x
y + 3 = e2
x
5 3 7
y = e2 – 3
2 2 x
Thus, g–1(x) = e 2 – 3
2 2 2
5  7 
2

The solution is  −∞,  ∪  ,∞ or
 2  2  g(x)
 5 7
 x : x < or x >  g(x)
 2 2
3 3
g –1(x)
7. (a) (16 + 32x ) = [16(1 + 2x )]
4 4

3 3
x
= 16 4 (1 + 2x ) 4 –2
3
= 8(1 + 2x ) 4 –2 y = –3

(b) This expansion is valid for |2x| < 1 x = –3


1 1 1 Dg = (–∞, ∞) Rg = (–3, ∞)
|x| < 2 or – 2 < x < 2 –1 –1
Answers to Model Exam Paper 3

T
éa 0 1 ù é 2 4 -6 ù  −7 −2 −3
ê ú ê ú
9. (a) AB = ê 3 3 4 ú ê -2 2 -2ú (c) adj A =  −15 2 −8
êë 2 2 3 úû êë 0 b 6úû  −9 −1 −7

2a 4 a + b −6a + 6 é -7 -15 -9 ù


ê ú
=  0 18 + 4 b 0  = ê -2 2 -1ú
 0 12 + 3b 2  êë -3 -8 -7úû

AB = kI é -7 -15 -9 ù
1 1 ê ú
A–1 = adj A = -2 2 -1ú
2a 4 a + b −6a + 6 k 0 0 A -11 ê
 0 18 + 4 b êë -3 -8 -7úû
 0  = 0 k 0
 0 12 + 3b 2  0 0 k  7 15 9
11 11 11 
k=2  
2 2 1
2a = k = −
11 11 11 
When k = 2, 2a = 2  
 3 8 7
a=1
11 11 11 
12 + 3b = 0
b = –4 é -2 -3 3ù éxù é 8 ù
ê ú ê ú ê ú
(b) |A| = 7 (d) ê -1 2 1ú ê yú = ê 5 ú
êë 2 -1 -4 úû êë z úû êë -17úû
a 0 1
3 3 4 =7 é2 3 -3ù éxù  8 
2 2 3 ê ú ê ú  
(–1) ê 1 -2 -1ú ê yú =  5 
Expanding the first row, êë-2 1 4úû êë z úû  −17
3 4 3 3 é 7 15 9ù
a + (1) =7 ê11 11
2 3 2 2
x 11 ú é 8 ù
ê ú
a(9 – 8) + (6 – 6) = 7  y ê2 -2 1ú ê ú
  = (–1) ê11 11 11 ú ê 5 ú
a=7  z  ê ú êë -17úû
(c) |AB| = 728 ê3 8 7ú
êë11 11 11 úû
|A||B| = 728
7|B| = 728 2
|B| = 104 = 1
2 4 -6 5
-2 2 -2 = 104 Thus, x = 2, y = 1 and z = 5
0 b 6
Expanding the first column,
PAPER 2 [Set 1]
1. By using long division,
2 -2 4 -6
2 – (–2) = 104 1
b 6 b 6
x3 + x2 x3 + 2
2(12 + 2b) + 2(24 + 6b) = 104 (–) x3 + x2
72 + 16b = 104 2 – x2
16b = 32 x3 + 2 2 − x2
b=2 Therefore, 3 2
=1+ 3
x +x x + x2
2 2
3 -3 2− x 2− x
Now let 3 = 2
10. (a) p = C21 = (–1)3 1 4 = –15 x +x 2
x ( x + 1)
A B C
2 3 = + +
q = C33 = (–1)6 = –7 x x2 x + 1
1 -2
2 – x2 = Ax(x + 1) + B(x + 1) + Cx2
-2 -1 1 -1 1 -2 When x = –1, 1 = C
(b) |A| = 2 1 4
–3
-2 4
–3
-2 1
When x = 0, 2 = B
When x = 1, 1 = 2A + 2B + C
= 2(–7) – 3(2) – 3(–3) = –11 = 2A + 2(2) + 1
4 Answers to Model Exam Paper

–4 = 2A 1 2
A = –2 Let y = u
4
x3 + 2 2 2 1
∴ 3 =1– + 2 + dy 1
x + x2 x x x +1 = u
du 2
k|x − 1| Using the chain rule
2. (a) lim− = –2
x →1 x2 − x d 2 f dy du
= ⋅
k( − x + 1) dq 2 du dq
lim = –2
x →1− x ( x − 1)

2
1 1 q q
lim
− k( x − 1)
= –2
2 2 2 2
= u  sec tan 
2
x →1− x ( x − 1)

lim
−k
= –2
=
1
2
q
22
q q
 sec   sec tan 
4 2 2 2 2
x →1− x

k 1 q q
– = –2 = sec2 tan
1 4 2 2
k=2 4. (a) By using the definition of absolute value
2x + 1  x − 1, x ≥ 1
2x + 1 |x – 1| = 1 − x,
(b) lim = lim x  x <1
x →∞ x − x x →∞ x − x
 x − 1 − 1, x ≥ 1
x ∴ f(x) = 
1 1 − x − 1, x < 1
2+
= lim x  x − 2, x ≥ 1
1 =
− x , x < 1
x →∞
1−
x
f ( x ) − f (1) − x − ( −1)
2+ 0 (b) lim− = lim−
= =2 x →1 x −1 x →1 x −1
1− 0 −x + 1
= lim−
q x →1 x − 1
1 − cosq + sin
3. (a) f (θ) = 2 −( x − 1)
q = lim−
2 sin q + 2cos x →1 x −1
2
= –1
2q q
2 sin + sin f ( x ) − f (1) x − 2 − (1 − 2)
= 2 2 lim = lim+
q q q x →1+ x −1 x →1 x −1
4 sin cos + 2cos
2 2 2 x −1
= lim+
x →1 x − 1

=
q
2 q 
sin  2 sin + 1
2  2  2 =1

2 2
q q  f ( x ) − f (1) f ( x ) − f (1)
2cos  2 sin + 1 Since lim− ≠ lim+
2 2  x →1 x −1 x →1 x −1

2 2
 q f ( x ) − f (1)
1  sin 2  f ′(1) = lim
x −1
x →1
does not exist.
= 
2 q Therefore f(x) is not differentiable at x = 1.
 cos 
 2
5. (a) P(x) = 2x3 + px2 – 4x + q
1 q P(1) = 0
= tan (Shown)
2 2 2+p–4+q=0
p + q = 2 ....(1)
1 q
(b) f (θ) = tan P ′(x) = 6x2 + 2px – 4
2 2 P ′(1) = 0
df 1 2 q 6 + 2p – 4 = 0
= sec 2 2p = –2
dq 4
p = –1
q
Let u = sec Substituting p = –1 into (1)
2 –1 + q = 2
du 1 q q q=3
= sec tan
dq 2 2 2 Thus, P(x) = 2x3 – x2 – 4x + 3
Answers to Model Exam Paper 5

(b) By using long division (b) Let Q(x) = Ax2 + B


2x2 + x – 3 For vertical asymptotes
x – 1  2x3 – x2 – 4x + 3 S(x) = x(x + 1)
(–) 2x3 – 2x2 Ax 2 + B
Therefore, y =
x2 – 4x x ( x + 1)
(–) x2 – x Given y = 1
–3x + 3 lim y = 1
(–) –3x + 3 x→∞

Ax 2 + B
2
So, P(x) = (x – 1)(2x + x – 3) lim =1
x →∞ x ( x + 1)

= (x – 1)(2x + 3)(x – 1) Ax 2 + B
(c) P(x) = q – 4x 2
lim 2x =1
2x3 – x2 – 4x + 3 = 3 – 4x x →∞ x + x

2x3 – x2 = 0 x2
2
x (2x – 1) = 0 B
A+ 2
1 lim x =1
x = 0 or x = x →∞ 1
2 1+
x
6. (a) f(x) = 3 sin (x – 30°)
A+0
= 3 sin x cos 30° – 3 cos x sin 30° =1
1+ 0
2 2
 3
 2
22
 1
= 3  sin x – 3  cos x
 2 A=1
x2 + B
3 3 3 Thus, y =
= sin x – cos x x ( x + 1)
2 2
= A sin x – B cos x 1+ B
At (1, 0), 0 =
3 3 3 (1)(1 + 1)
Therefore, A = and B =
2 2 1+ B
0=
3 2
A sin x – B cos x =
2 1+B=0
3 3 3 3 B = –1
sin x – cos x = x2 − 1
2 2 2 ∴y=
3 x ( x + 1)
3 sin (x – 30°) = 1
2 4
8. (a) Given x = et , y = t +
1 t
sin (x – 30°) = 1

2 dx −e t dy 4
= 2 , =1– 2
x – 30° = 45°, 135° dt t dt t
x = 75°, 165° t2 − 4
=
(b) f (x) = 3 sin (x – 30°) t2
Since the minimum of sin (x – 30°) is –1, Using the chain rule
f (x) = 3(–1) = –3
dy dy dt
sin (x – 30°) = –1 = ⋅
x – 30° = –90°, 270°, ... dx dt dx

2 2
x = –60°, 300°, ...  2
t2 − 4 t
Thus, the smallest positive value is 300°. = 2 − 1
t  t 
e
7. (a) lim− f(x) = lim+ f(x)
x→ 0 x→ 0 4 − t2
1 = 1
lim = lim+ ex – m
x → 0− 2 − x x→ 0 et
1 dy
= e0 – m When =0
2−0 dx
1 4 − t2
=1–m =0
2 1

1 et
m= 4 – t2 = 0
2
t = ±2
6 Answers to Model Exam Paper

4 −
1 (b) (i) Given ey + xy = 5x ....(1)
When t = –2, x = e , y = –2 + = –4 2
( −2) dy dy
ey +y+x =5
1
4 dx dx
When t = 2, x = e 2, y = 2 + = 4
2 dy y
1

1 (e + x) = 5 – y
(e 2
, –4) and (e 2, 4) are stationary points. dx
dy 5 − y
d 2 y d  dy  dt =
(b) = ⋅
dx 2 dt  dx  dx 2 2 dx e y + x
From (1), ey = x(5 – y)
   

2 2
 1  1t  ey
e
e t( −2t ) − ( 4 − t 2 )  −   x=
   t 2   2  5− y

2 2
     − t
=    dy 5− y
1   1  So, =
  e t 2
  e 
 t dx ey
    ey +
5− y
2t 3 − 4 + t 2
= 1 5− y
2 =
et e y (5 − y ) + e y
When t = –2, 5− y
d 2 y 2( −2)3 − 4 + ( −2)2 −16 5− y
= = 1 <0 = ⋅ (5 − y )
dx 2 1
e y (6 − y )
e4
2
e ( −2)
1

Thus, (e 2 , –4) is a relative maximum point. (5 − y ) 2
=
When t = 2, e y (6 − y )
d 2 y 2( 2)3 − 4 + ( 2)2 16
= = 1 >0 d 2x dx
dx 2 (ii) Show that (5 − y )
1
= ey + 2
e ( 2 )2 e4 dy 2 dy
1

dx e (6 − y )
y
Thus, (e 2, 4) is a relative minimum point.
=
(5 − y )
2
f ( x + h) − f ( x ) dy
9. (a) f ′(x) = lim
h dx
(5 − y ) = e y (6 − y )
h→ 0 2

22 2
dy
2
 x + h +1 − x +1   x + h +1 + x +1 
= lim    dx 2
2 d x
 h   x + h +1 + x +1  −2(5 − y ) + (5 − y ) = e y ( −1) + e y (6 − y )
h→ 0

dy dy 2
x + h + 1 − ( x + 1)
= lim
h→ 0 h( x + h + 1 + x + 1 ) = e y ( −1 + 6 − y )
h = e y (5 − y )
= lim
h→ 0 h( x + h + 1 + x + 1 ) 2
d x dx
(5 − y ) = e y (5 − y ) + 2(5 − y )
2
2
1 dy dy
= lim
h→ 0 x + h +1 + x +1 d 2x dx
1
(5 − y ) dy 2 = ey + 2
dy
[Shown]
[Shown]
=
x + 0 +1 + x +1
10. (a) The surface area of the cylinder
1
= A = 2 rh + 2 r2 = 243
2 x +1
2 rh = 243 – 2 r2
1
When f ′(x) =
4 243
–r h=
1 1 2r
= The volume of the cylinder
2 x +1 4

2 2
x +1 = 2  243 
V =  r2h =  r2 − r
x+1=4  2r 
x=3 243
=  r –  r3
When x = 3, f(3) = 3 + 1 = 2 2
The point is (3, 2).
Answers to Model Exam Paper 7

dV 243 4 −
1
(b) =  – 3 r2 2. = 4(8 + 2x ) 3
dr 2 3
8 + 2x
1
The volume of the cylinder is maximum when 1 −

22
−  1  3
= 4 ( 8) 1 + x 
3
dV 4
= 0, that is,
dr

[
  1  1  2 − 32 2 − 3 2  1  
  1  4  
243 2

2
 – 3 r2 = 0 = 2 1 + 2 − 2 2 x 2 + 2 4 x 2 
  3  4  2! 
81

[
 
 2 32 2 3 2 2 32  1 
r2 =   − 1  − 4   − 7  
2 3

r=±
9  + 2 x 2 + ... 
 3! 4 
2

2 2
9  1 1 7 3 
r>0∴r= = 2 1 − x + x 2 − x + ...
 12 72 2592 
2
d 2V 1 1 7 3
Also = –6 r = 2 – x + x2 – x + ...
dr 2 6 36 1296
1
9 4 −
When r = , 3
= 4 (8 − 6 x ) 3

2 8 − 6x
1

2
dV 54 = 4[8 + 2( −3x )] 3
=– , r < 0
dr 2 2 1 1 7
=2– (–3x) + (–3x)2 – (–3x)3 + ...
9 6 36 1296
∴ V is maximum at r = .
2 1 1 7
= 2 + x + x2 + x3 + ...
9 2 4 48
When r = ,
2 3. For f (x) to be defined,
243 9 x+A>0
h= – x > –A
2 2 2
 9 
 2
2 x>3
Thus, A = –3
27 9 18 ∴ f (x) = 1 – ln |x – 3|
= – = Let f –1(x) = y
2 2 2
f (y) = x
(c) The cost of the construction 1 – ln |y – 3| = x
ln |y – 3| = 1 – x
C = 2(2 rh) + 3(2 r2)
Raise both sides to the power of e
9 18 eln |y – 3| = e1 – x
When r = and h =
2 2 y – 3 = e1 – x
2
y = 3 + e1 – x
 9   18   9 
2 22 2 2 2
Therefore, f –1(x) = 3 + e1 – x
C = 2(2)    + 3(2) 
 2  2  2 R f = Df = (3, ∞)
−1

= 324 + 243 4. A = 4A + 3I
3

= 567 4A = A3 – 3I
1
A = ( A3 – 3I)
PAPER 1 [Set 2] 4

1. 3x + 1 ex + 2 = 2
Taking log base e of both sides
=
2
1   3 −12 1 0
  – 3 
4   −4 7  0 1 2
ln (3x + 1 ex + 2) = ln 2
1  0 −12
ln 3x + 1 + ln ex + 2 = ln 2 =  
(x + 1) ln 3 + x + 2 = ln 2 4  −4 4 
x(ln 3 + 1) + ln 3 + 2 = ln 2  0 −3
x(ln 3 + 1) = ln 2 – ln 3 – 2 = 
 −1 1 
2
ln − 2  0 −3  0 −3  3 −3
x= 3 A2 =   = 
1 + ln 3  −1 1   −1 1   −1 4 
8 Answers to Model Exam Paper

A3 = 4A + 3I
2 2
2 2
 27 a    27 a  
Multiply both sides by A–1.
A–1A3 = 4A–1A + 3A–1I
(b) log9 
 b  =  log 3 
   b 
2 2
 log 3 32 
A2 = 4I + 3A–1  
3A–1 = A2 – 4I  
log 3 27 + log 3 a − log 3 b
1 =
A–1 = (A2 – 4I) 2 log 3 3
3
1
2 2
1   3 −3 1 0   log 3 33 + log 3 a − log 3 b
=   – 4 0 1   = 2
3   −1 4    2
1  −1 −3
=  
3  −1 0 
1
= 3+ x–y
2 (1
2 )
 1  6. (a) (i) Given S8 = 100
 − 3 −1 8
=  [2a + (8 – 1)d] = 100
− 1 0  2
2a + 7d = 25 ........(1)
 3 
and T6 – T3 = 9
5. (a) (i) Let z = x + yi a + (6 – 1)d – [a + (3 – 1)d] = 9
3 + 6i 5d – 2d = 9
3z – i z = 3d = 9
3+ i
d=3
2 2
3 + 6i  3 − i 
3(x + yi) – i(x – yi) =
3 + i  3 − i  Substituting d = 3 into (1)
2a + 7(3) = 25
9 − 3i + 18i + 6
3x – y + (3y – x)i = 2a = 4
9 +1 a=2
15 + 15i (ii) Thus, T10 = 2 + (10 – 1)(3)
=
10 = 29
2a
3 3 T4 4
= + i (b) (i) Given =
2 2 T2 9
Comparing the real and imaginary parts: ar 3 4
3 =
3x – y = ...........(1) ar 9
2
4
3 r2 =
3y – x = ...........(2) 9
2
2
9 r=±
3 × (1): 9x – 3y = ...........(3) 3
2 2
r > 0, r =
(2) + (3): 8x = 6 3
6 3 4
x= = (ii) S∞ =
8 4 3
 3 3 a 4
 4 22
From (1), 3  – y =
2 1−
=
2 3
3 3
y= a 4
4 =
1 3
3 3
∴z= + i 3
4 4
4  1
(ii)
Im(z)
a=  
3  3 22
z 4
=
9
4   2 
5
Re(z) 1 −   
9   3  84422
S5 =  =
2 729
z 1−
3
Answers to Model Exam Paper 9

7. (a) (f ° f )(x) = f [f(x)] 4x – 1 – + +


=f 
2 2
 x 
 a − x 
1–x
4x – 1
+
– 1
+
+

1 –
x 1–x 4
= a − x 1 1
x The solution is {x: x ≤ or x > 1} or (–∞, ] ∪ (1, ∞)
a− 4 4
a−x
x
8. (a) |x2 2+ 2x – 1| = 2x + 1
x + 2x – 1 = 2x + 1 or x2 + 2x – 1 = –2x – 1
= 2 a − x x2 = 2 x2 + 4x = 0
a − ax − x x=± 2 x(x + 4) = 0
a−x x = 0, –4
x Thus, x = {–4, – 2, 0, 2}
=
a 2 − ax − x (b) |1 – 2x| ≤ |3x + 1|
Given (f ° f )(1) = –1 (1 − 2x )2 ≤ (3x + 1)2 (Recall that |x| = x 2 )
1 Squaring both sides of the inequality equation
= –1
a2 − a − 1 (1 – 2x)2 ≤ (3x + 1)2
a2 – a – 1 = –1 1 – 4x + 4x2 ≤ 9x2 + 6x + 1
a2 – a = 0 5x2 + 10x ≥ 0
a(a – 1) = 0 5x(x + 2) ≥ 0
a = 0 or a = 1
x – – +
a > 0, a = 1
x+2 – + +
When a = 1, g(x) = bx + 2
5x(x + 2) + –2 – 0 +
Let g–1(x) = y
g(y) = x The solution is {x: x ≤ –2 or x ≥ 0} or
by + 2 = x (–∞, –2] ∪ [0, ∞)
1 9. (a) h(x)
y = (x – 2)
b
1
∴ g (x) = (x – 2)
–1
b 1
–1
Given g (8) = 2
x
1 –1 0
(8 – 2) = 2
b From the graph, Dh = [–1, ∞)
Rh = [0, ∞)
6
=2 (b) (g ° h)(x) = x – 1
b
b=3 g[h(x)] = x – 1
x g( x + 1) = x – 1
Thus, f (x) = and g(x) = 3x + 2 Let w = x + 1
1− x
w2 = x + 1
(b) (g ° f )(x) ≤ 3
x = w2 – 1
g[ f (x)] ≤ 3
g(w) = x – 1
g2 2
 x 
 1 − x 
≤3
Then g(w) = w2 – 1 – 1
= w2 – 2
or g(x) = x2 – 2
32 2
 x 
 1 − x 
+2≤3 That is g(x) = x2 – 2
g(x)

3x
–1≤0
1− x

3x − (1 − x ) x
≤0 – 2 2
1− x
–2 x=k
4x −1
≤0
1− x From the graph, k = 1
10 Answers to Model Exam Paper

(c) h(1 + k) = g(3) Thus, 2PX = B


1 + k + 1= 32 – 2 1
PX = B
2+ k= 7 2
2 + k = 49 1
P–1PX = P–1B
k = 47 2
10. (a) Given PPT = kI 1 –1
IX = P B
 a −2 1   a 1 −2 1 0 0  2
 1 a −2  −2 a 1  = k 0 1 0 1
      X = P–1B
 −2 1 a   1 −2 a  0 0 1 2
é 2 1 2ù
 a 2 + 5 − a − 2 − a − 2 k 0 0 ê- 9 9 - 9 ú
 2    ê ú é 10 ù
 − a − 2 a + 5 − a − 2 = 0 k 0 = 1 ê- 2 - 2 1úê ú
 − a − 2 − a − 2 a 2 + 5  0 0 k  -14 ú
    2ê 9 9 9úê
ê ú êë 10 úû
–a – 2 = 0 ê 1 - 2 - 2ú
a = –2 êë 9 9 9 úû
a2 + 5 = k …………(1)
 −6
Substituting a = –2 into (1) 1
k = (–2)2 + 5 =  2 
2
=9  2 

 −2 −2 1   −3
Therefore, P =  1 −2 −2 =  1 
 −2 1 −2  1 
PP = 9I
T
Therefore, x = –3, y = 1 and z = 1
1 T (c) When a = 2,
PP = I
9  2 −2 1 
Multiply both sides by P–1
P =  1 2 −2
1 –1 T
P PP = P–1I  −2 1 2 
9
Expanding by the first row
1 T
IP = P–1 2 −2 1 −2 1 2
9 |P| = (2) 1 2
– (–2)
−2 2
+ (1)
−2 1
1 = 2(4 + 2) + 2(2 – 4) + (1 + 4)
P–1 = PT
9 = 12 – 4 + 5
= 13
 −2 1 −2
1 |P2| = |PP|
=  −2 −2 1  = |P||P|
9
 1 −2 −2 = (13)(13)
= 169
 2 1 2 |PT| = |P| = 13
− 9 9 − 9 
 
=  −
2

2 1  PAPER 2 [Set 2]
9 9 9  1. (cos x – cos y)2 + (sin x + sin y)2
 
 1 2 2
− −  = cos2 x – 2 cos x cos y + cos2 y + sin2 x + 2 sin x sin y + sin2 y
 9 9 9  = cos2 x + sin2 x – 2 cos x cos y + cos2 y + sin2 y + 2 sin x sin y
(b) Rewriting the system of linear equations = 1 – 2 cos x cos y + 1 + 2 sin x sin y
= 2(1 – cos x cos y + sin x sin y)
 2a −4 2   x   10  = 2[1 – (cos x cos y – sin x sin y)]
 2 2a −4   y  =  −14 
      = 2[1 – cos (x + y)]
 −4 2 2a   z   10 
2 2
  x + y 
= 2 1 − cos 2 
  2  
 a −2 1   x   10 
2  1 a −2  y  =  −14 

 −2 1 a   z   10 

2 2
 x + y 
= 2 2 sin 2 
  2  
Answers to Model Exam Paper 11

When x = 0, y = ln 2
2 2
 x + y
= 4 sin2  [Shown]
 2 
2 2
2
dy  1 + e ln 2 
= –e0 – ln 2  1 + e0 
x+2 dx
2. (a) lim

2 22 2
2
x →−∞
2x 2 + 1  1   1 + 2
= –  
x+2  2  1 + 1 
x
2 22 2
2
= lim  1   3
x →−∞
2x 2 + 1 = –   
−  2  2
x2
9
2 =–
1+ 8
= lim x
x →−∞ 1
− 2+ ln|h2 + 1|
x2 4. Given V = –2
h
1+ 0 1 Using the quotient rule,
= =–
− 2+ 0 2
dV
=
2
 2h 
h  2  − ln|h2 + 1|(1)
 h + 1 2
(b) lim− g(x) = lim−4x + m
x→−1 x→−1 dh h2
= 4(–1) + m
= –4 + m 2 ln|h2 + 1|
= –
h2 + 1 h2
−2|x + 1|
lim g(x) = lim+
x→−1+ x →−1 x +1 dh
Given = – 0.02
−2( x + 1) dt
= lim+
x →−1 x +1 dV dV d h
= ⋅
dt d h dt
= lim+–2

2 ln|h2 + 1|
2
x→−1  2
= –2 = 2 −  (–0.02)
 h +1 h2
lim g(x) exists if lim − g(x) = lim + g(x).
x→ −1 x→ −1 x→ −1 When h = 0.7,

2 2
–4 + m = –2 dV  2 ln ( 0.7)2 + 1 
m=2 = −  (–0.02)
dt  ( 0.7) + 1
2
( 0.7)2 
ex
3. Let y = = –0.0106 m3 per hour
1 + ex ∴Decreasing at 0.0106 m3 per hour
Using the quotient rule,
5. (a) By using long division
x d x x d x
dy (1 + e ) dx ( e ) − e dx (1 + e ) x2 – 1
=
dx (1 + e x )2 4
)
x2 – x – 2 x – x3 – 3x2 + 2x + 6
(–) x – x3 – 2x2
4
(1 + e x )( e x ) − e x ( e x )
= – x2 + 2x + 6
(1 + e x )2
x
(–) – x2 + x + 2
e
= [Shown] x+4
(1 + e x )2
4 3 2
x − x − 3x + 2x + 6 x+4
ex ey ∴ 2
= x2 – 1 + 2
Given + =0 x −x−2 x −x−2
1+ e 1+ ey
x
x+4 x+4
=
ex ey dy x 2 − x − 2 ( x − 2)( x + 1)
x 2
+ =0
(1 + e ) (1 + e y )2 dx
A B
= +
dy e  (1 + e y )2 
x
x − 2 x +1
=− x 2  
dx (1 + e )  e y  x + 4 = A(x + 1) + B(x – 2)
When x = –1, 3 = –3B
22
1+ ey  B = –1
2 2
= –ex – y  1 + e x  When x = 2, 6 = 3A
A=2
12 Answers to Model Exam Paper

Then
x 4 − x 3 − 3x 2 + 2x + 6 2
x2 − x − 2
=x –1+
2

1
x − 2 x +1

= lim− 2
x→1 21− x 

 (1 − x )(1 + x )  2
A B

∴ g(x) = x2 – 1, A = 2, B = –1
= g(x) + +
x − 2 x +1
 1 
= lim− 2
x→1 2
 1 + x  2
2 2
(b) g(x) = x2 – 1  1 
= 2
= (x – 1)(x + 1)  1 + 1
Since (x – 1) is a factor, P(1) = 0
=1
3(1)3 + p(1)2 – q(1) – 2 = 0
p – q = –1 ..…(1) lim+ f(x) = lim+ 2e2 ln x – 1
x→1 x→1
Since (x + 1) is a factor, P(–1) = 0
3(–1)3 + p(–1)2 – q(–1) – 2 = 0 = lim+ 2x2 – 1
x→1
–3 + p + q – 2 = 0
=1
p + q = 5 ……(2)
(1) – (2): –2q = –6 Since lim− f(x) = lim+ f(x) = 1
x→1 x→1
q=3
Substituting q = 3 into (1), Therefore, lim f(x) = 1
x→1
p – 3 = –1
f(1) = 1
p=2
By using long division again, ∴lim f(x) = f(1) = 1
x→1
3x + 2
) 3
x2 – 1 3x + 2x2 – 3x – 2
∴f is continuous at x = 1 because lim f(x) = 1,
f(1) = 1 and lim f(x) = f(1) = 1
x→1
(–) 3x3 – 3x x→1

2x2 –2 (b) f is continuous at x = 2 if


(–) 2x2 –2 lim f(2) = lim+ f(2)
x→ 2− x→ 2

∴P(x) = (x2 – 1)(3x + 2) lim a + bx = lim+ 2 – 3x


2

= (x + 1)(x – 1)(3x + 2) x→ 2− x→ 2

a + 4b = 2 – 3(2)
6. (a) Given cos θ = 3 sin θ (1 – sin θ)
2
a + 4b = –4 ……..(1)
cos2 θ = 3 sin θ – 3 sin2 θ
f is differentiable at x = 2 if
1 – sin2 θ = 3 sin θ – 3 sin2 θ
2 sin2 θ – 3 sin θ + 1 = 0 a + bx 2 − ( a + 4 b ) 2 − 3x − ( −4 )
(2 sin θ – 1)(sin θ – 1) = 0 lim− = lim+
x →2 x−2 x → 2 x−2
2 sin θ – 1 = 0 or sin θ – 1 = 0
1 bx 2 − 4 b 6 − 3x
sin θ = or sin θ = 1 [Shown] lim− = lim+
2 x →2 x−2 x → 2 x−2
1
(b) sin θ = or sin θ = 1 b( x 2 − 4 ) −3( x − 2)
2 lim = lim+
x → 2− x−2 x →2 x−2
p 5p p
θ= , or θ =
6 6 2 b( x − 2)( x + 2)
lim = lim+ (–3)
p 5p p x → 2− x−2 x→ 2
∴θ = , ,
6 6 2 lim b(x + 2) = –3
x→ 2−
(c) Given cos2 θ = 3 sin θ (1 – sin θ) 4b = –3

2 2 2 2 2 2
 p  p  p  3
and cos2 q −  = 3 sin q −  1 − sin q −   b=–
 2  2   2 4
3
p p 5p p Substituting b = – into (1)
Thus θ – = , , 4
2 6 6 2

θ=
2p 4p
,
3 3
,
 3
 4 2 2
a + 4 −  = –4

a = –1

2 22 2
1− x  1+ x  8. (a) Given x = t2 – et
2

7. (a) lim− f(x) = lim− 2  


x→1 x→1
 1− x  1+ x  dx 2
= 2t – 2tet
dt
Answers to Model Exam Paper 13

2 2

2 2 2 22 2 2 2
 −1 + et   1   1   1  2
2
= 2t(1 – et )
=   t 2   2  +  2 
1 − et   et 
2
2  et  e
y = t2 + e−t
2

= 2 2 
 1   −(1 − e )   1  t2 2

 e   1 − e  2 e 2
dy 2t  +
= 2t – t 2 t 2
t 2
t 2

dt e
2 2

2 e 2 2 e 2
2  1  1
2t ( et − 1) = –  +  
= 2
t 2
t 2

et
= 0 [Shown]
Using the chain rule
dy
dy dy dt When =2
= . dx
dx dt dx
d2 y
2 (2 + 1) 2 + (2)2 = 0
2t ( et − 1)  1  dx
=  t2 
e t2
 2t (1 − e )  d2 y
3 2 = –4
dx
1
=– [Shown] d2 y 4
et
2
=–
dx 2 3
9. (a) Given 2y2 – x2 + 3y + 3x + 5 = 0 .....(1)
(b)
d 2 y d  dy  dt
=
dx 2 dt  dx  dx2 2 By implicit differentiation
dy dy
4y – 2x + 3 + 3 = 0
2t  1  dx dx
=
t2  t2  dy
e  2t (1 − e )  (4y + 3) = 2x – 3
dx
1 dy 2x − 3
= 2 2
=
et (1 − et ) dx 4 y + 3

=
1  1 
2 
22 
et  1 − et  2 =
2x − 3
4 ( y + 1) − 1

2 2
 1  2x + A
dy  1  =
=–  1 + dy  4( y + B ) − 1
dx  
 Therefore, A = –3 and B = 1
dx  dy
(b) When =1

2 2
 1  dx
  2x − 3
dy dy =1
= –  dx + 1  4y+3
dx  
 dy  2x – 3 = 4y + 3
 dx  2x = 4y + 6
x = 2y + 3 …….(2)

2 2
 dy 
d2 y dy  dx  Substituting (2) into (1)
=–   2y2 – (2y + 3)2 + 3y + 3(2y + 3) + 5 = 0
dx 2 dx  dy
+ 1 2y2 – 4y2 – 12y – 9 + 3y + 6y + 9 + 5 = 0
 dx 
22
–2y2 – 3y + 5 = 0

2 2
 dy  d 2 y  dy 
 dx + 1 dx 2 = –  dx  2 2 2y2 + 3y – 5 = 0
(2y + 5)(y – 1) = 0
22 5

2 2 2 2
 dy  d 2 y  dy  y = – or y = 1
 dx + 1 dx 2 +  dx  = 0 [Shown] 2

OR
5 5
When y = – , x = 2 – + 3
2 2 2 2
22 = –2

2 22 2
 dy  d 2 y  dy 
 dx + 1 dx 2 +  dx 
When y = 1, x = 2(1) + 3
=5

2 2
22 5
= 2− + 12 2 2 2
  e   1 − e 2 2 e 2
 1  1  1   1  The points are –2, – and (5, 1).
+ − 2
 e
2
t2 t2 t2 t
14 Answers to Model Exam Paper

(c) Using the quotient rule By implicit differentiation


d d 1 dy 1 2
d 2 y ( 4 y + 3) dx ( 2x − 3) − ( 2x − 3) dx ( 4 y + 3) = –
y dx x − 1 x + 1
=
dx 2 ( 4 y + 3)2

( 4 y + 3)( 2) − ( 2x − 3)4
dy
dy  1
= 2−
2 
y
dx  x − 1 x + 1 2
= dx
( 4 y + 3)2  x + 1 − 2( x − 1)   x − 1 
=  2
 ( x − 1)( x + 1)   ( x + 1) 

=
( 4 y + 3)( 2) − 4( 2x − 3)  2
 2x − 3 
 4 y + 32 3− x
2 =
( 4 y + 3) ( x + 1)3
When x = 1 and y = 1
df 3− x

d2 y
=
[ 4(1) + 3]( 2) − 4[ 2(1) − 3] 2
 2(1) − 3 
 4(1) + 3 2 ∴ =
dx ( x + 1)3
2 2
dx [ 4(1) + 3] df
(c) When =0

=
2 2
 1
14 + 4  − 
 7 3− x
dx
=0
49 ( x + 1)3
94 3–x=0
= x=3
343
df
10. (a) To determine the vertical asymptote, When is undefined
dx
(x + 1)2 = 0 3
(x + 1) = 0
x = –1
x+1=0
x −1 x = –1
lim = –∞
x → −1− ( x + 1)2 Construct a table showing intervals (–∞, –1),
(–1, 3), (3, ∞)
x −1
lim = –∞
x → −1+ ( x + 1)2 Interval (–∞, –1) (–1, 3) (3, ∞)
Therefore, x = –1 is the vertical asymptote. df
To determine the horizontal asymptote, Sign of –ve +ve –ve
x 1 dx
2
− 2
lim f(x) = lim 2 x x Conclusion Decreasing Increasing Decreasing
x→ −∞ x → −∞ x 2x 1
2
+ 2+ 2
x x x From the table above, (–∞, –1) and (3, ∞) are
1 1 the intervals where f is decreasing.
− 2
= lim x x (–1, 3) is the interval where f is increasing.
x → −∞ 2 1
1+ + 2
x x (d) When x = –1, f(–1) is undefined.
0
= 3−1 1
1 When x = 3, f(3) = =
(3 + 1)2 8
=0
1 1 From the table above,
− 2
lim f(x) = lim x x
x→ + ∞ x→ +∞ 2 1
1+ + 2
x x
23, 18 2 is a maximum point of f since dfdx changes
0 sign from positive to negative.
=
1
=0
Therefore, f(x) = 0 is the horizontal asymptote.
(b) Let y = f(x)
Taking log base e for both sides
ln y = ln |x – 1| – 2 ln |x + 1|