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Name: ______________________________ Class: ________ Index No.

: _____

ST JOSEPH’S INSTITUTION

SECONDARY 4 (O-LEVEL PROGRAMME)


2017 MID YEAR EXAMINATION

PHYSICS 5059/01
Paper 1 Multiple Choice 12 May 2017
1 hour
(0800 – 0900)
Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your name, class and index number on the cover page of this Question Paper.
Write in dark blue or black pen on the Question Paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this Question Paper.
The use of an approved scientific calculator is expected, where appropriate.
Unless otherwise stated, take gravitational field strength, g, to be 10 N/kg.

At the end of the examination, submit the Question Paper and Answer Sheet SEPARATELY.

This Question Paper consists of 18 printed pages.


1 The micrometer screw gauge below was used to measure the diameter of a length of
copper wire. What is the correct reading shown?

A 5.35 mm
B 5.535 mm
C 5.85 mm
D 6.35 mm

2 Velocity is given by the change in displacement divided by the change in time.

How many vector quantities appear in this statement?

A 0 B 1 C 2 D 3

3 A skydiver falls from rest through the air and reaches terminal velocity.

How does the acceleration of the skydiver vary during the fall?

A Remains constant at 0 m/s2


B Remains constant at 10 m/s2
C Starts at 0 m/s2 and increases to 10 m/s2
D Starts at 10 m/s2 and decreases to 0 m/s2

2
4 A skier is travelling downhill. The acceleration on hard snow is 4 m/s2 and on soft
snow is 2 m/s2.

Which graph shows the motion of the skier when moving from hard snow to soft
snow?

5 A 2.0 kg block is pulled by a constant horizontal force and moves with a uniform
acceleration of 0.80 m/s2 on a rough surface. The frictional force is 3.0 N. What is the
pulling force on the block?

A 0.0 N
B 1.4 N
C 1.6 N
D 4.6 N

3
6 A car is travelling on a level highway at a constant velocity in a straight line. Air
resistance is not negligible.

Which of the following is the correct free-body force diagram for the car?

A B

C D

7 A measuring cylinder contains 118 cm3 of water. When a small object is fully
immersed in the water, the reading goes up to 132 cm3. The object has a mass of
42 g.

What is the density of the object?

14 42 42 132
A g/cm3 B g/cm3 C g/cm3 D g/cm3
42 14 118 42

8 Two objects X and Y are placed on a light rod, and the rod is balanced on a pivot as
shown below.

X Y

30 cm 60 cm

What can we conclude about X and Y from the diagram?

A They have the same density


B They have the same mass and weight
C X is heavier
D X is lighter

4
9 The diagram below shows a structure balanced on a metal block, at point P. If the
structure is displaced to a new position by tilting it slightly about P, it will remain at rest
in its new position.

P
structure
Metal block

Where is the centre of gravity of the structure?

A Above P
B Exactly at P
C Below P
D On the horizontal bar, directly above P

10 A boy, weighing 600 N, runs up a flight of stairs in 2.5 s. The flight of stairs has a
vertical height of 4.0 m.

What is the power of the boy?

A 600 W
B 960 W
C 6000 W
D 9600 W

11 Natural gas is burned as fuel to heat water in a boiler, producing steam. The steam
drives a turbine, which is connected to an electric generator.

In which order do the major energy transformations take place?

A chemical energy → thermal energy → electrical energy → kinetic energy


B chemical energy → thermal energy → kinetic energy → electrical energy
C thermal energy → chemical energy → electrical energy → kinetic energy
D thermal energy → chemical energy → kinetic energy → electrical energy

5
12 The diagram shows the energy conversion through a machine.

The machine has an efficiency of 50%. Which equation is correct?

A input energy = useful output energy


B useful output energy = input energy + wasted energy
C wasted energy = input energy + useful output energy
D wasted energy = useful output energy

13 The figure below shows a manometer connected to a gas supply.

Which of the following gives the correct gas pressure?

A 2 cm below atmospheric pressure


B 5 cm above atmospheric pressure
C 7 cm above atmospheric pressure
D 12 cm above atmospheric pressure

6
14 The diagram shows a tall cylinder containing some water. A syringe is used to prevent
the water from spurting out from the outlet at the bottom of the cylinder. The density of
water is 1000 kg/m3.

What is the minimum force F that must be applied to the piston of the syringe?

A 1.25 N
B 8N
C 50 N
D 12500 kN

15 Why does the pressure of a fixed mass of gas increase when it is heated at constant
volume?

A More molecules are created by the heating.


B The average mass of the molecules increases.
C The average speed of the molecules increases.
D The number of inter-molecular collisions increases.

16 The tubes inside solar heating panels use the Sun’s radiation to warm water.
Why are the tubes painted black?

A Black surfaces absorb radiation well.


B Black surfaces conduct heat well.
C Black surfaces emit radiation well.
D Black surfaces reflect radiation well.

7
17 The diagram shows a room seen from above. It is cold outside the room. The room is
heated by a small fire in the fireplace.

Where is most heat lost by convection?

A Carpet
B Chimney
C Glass window
D Solid wall

18 A block of ice is taken from a deep-freeze, and placed in a metal container. The
container is heated at a constant rate and readings of temperature and time are
taken. The results are recorded on a graph shown.

Which temperature corresponds to 0 °C?

8
19 A block of copper, having a mass of 0.20 kg, is heated to 200 °C before being
completely immersed into a container of water. The mass of water is 0.50 kg, and it
has an initial temperature of 30 °C. The container is well-insulated during the entire
process, and heat absorbed by the container is negligible.

What is the final temperature of the copper-water mixture?


Specific heat capacity of copper = 400 J/kgºC
Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J/kgºC

A 24 °C
B 30 °C
C 36 °C
D 39 °C

20 The human eye has a converging lens system that produces an image at the back of
the eye. If the eye views a distant object, which type of image is produced?

A real, erect, same size


B real, inverted, diminished
C virtual, erect, diminished
D virtual, inverted, magnified

21 A ray of light AB enters a rectangular glass block. It then emerges from the glass
block along CD. The diagram is not drawn to scale.

A
air

B
glass

40⁰
C

What is the refractive index of the glass?

A 1.31
B 1.56
C 1.66
D 1.82

9
22 A ray of light enters a glass block at an angle of incidence i, producing an angle of
refraction r in the glass.

Several different values of i and r are measured, and a graph is drawn of sin i against
sin r. Which graph is correct?

23 Which of the following statements about wave motion is correct?

A In longitudinal wave, the distance between consecutive compression and


rarefaction is equal to one wavelength.
B The displacement of the point at a centre of rarefaction is zero.
C As a wave moves through a medium and loses energy to the molecules of the
medium, the frequency of oscillation of points on the wave will become smaller.
D If the speed of a wave is constant, every point on the wave will move with
constant speed as they oscillate about a mean position.

10
24 The diagram below shows a plane wave in a ripple tank moving from a region of
deeper water into a region of shallower water.

9.0 cm 8.0 cm

0.20 m/s

deeper shallower

The speed of the wave in the deeper water is 0.20 m/s. What is the speed of the wave
in the shallower water?

A 0.30 m/s
B 0.23 m/s
C 0.18 m/s
D 0.13 m/s

25 The figures below show the displacement-distance and the displacement-time graphs
of a longitudinal wave.

displacement /m displacement /m
3 3

0 4 8 0 3 6
distance /m time /s

What is the speed of the wave?

A 0.50 m/s C 1.33 m/s


B 0.75 m/s D 2.67 m/s

26 An infra-red radiation is emitted at 6.7 x 1013 Hz. What is its wavelength and period of
oscillation?

Wavelength Period
A 4.48 x 10-6 m 2.23 x 105 s
B 4.48 x 10-6 m 1.49 x 10-14 s
C 2.23 x 105 m 2.23 x 105 s
D 2.23 x 105 m 1.49 x 10-14 s

11
27 Which of the following is a property of electromagnetic waves?

A They obey the laws of reflection, but not necessarily refraction.


B As they travel from one medium to another, its frequency and wavelength
change accordingly to the medium’s density.
C They require a medium to travel through.
D They are transverse waves, consisting of electric and magnetic fields.

28 A girl, standing 160 m in front of a tall building, fires a shot using a starting pistol. A
boy, standing 400 m from the girl, hears two bangs 0.90 s apart.

160 m 400 m

Based on the above information, what is the speed of sound in air?

A 320 m/s
B 330 m/s
C 360 m/s
D 410 m/s

12
29 The diagram shows a bat emitting an ultrasound of 25,000 Hz in an enclosed room. A
man, in an adjacent room, places his ear on the thin wall.

Thin wall

Man
Bat

Assuming the speed of sound in air to be 340 m/s, what will the man be able to hear
from the next room?

A He will not be able to hear anything.


B He will hear a sound of frequency lower than 25,000 Hz.
C He will hear a sound of frequency higher than 25,000 Hz.
D He will hear a sound of frequency 25,000 Hz.

30 The distribution of electric field lines in a certain region of space varies as shown in
the figure below.

Which of the following statements describes the change in the magnitude of the
electric field strength in this region correctly?

A Increases to the right


B Decreases to the right
C Increases in the downward direction
D Decreases in the downward direction

13
31 M, N, O are light insulated balls which behave as follows:

M repels N;
M attracts O and
O repels P.

If P is positively charged, which of the following statements must be true?

A N must be positively charged.


B N may be positively charged or neutral.
C N may be neutral or negatively charged.
D N must be negatively charged.

32 When a p.d. of 2.0 V is applied across a resistor, 10 J of energy are converted.


What charge flows through the resistor?

A 0.20 C
B 5.0 C
C 12 C
D 20 C

33 Which of the following changes to a wire will double its resistance?

Cross-sectional area Length


A Doubled Doubled
B Doubled Halved
C Halved Halved
D Halved No change

14
34 The diagrams show the V-I graphs for four electrical devices.
Which diagram shows the resistance increasing as the current rises?

35 Which quantity is measured in kilowatt-hours?

A charge
B current
C energy
D power

15
36 In each of the circuits below, a short circuit occurs. In which circuit would the fuse
blow and make the circuit safe to replace the light bulb?

37 The diagrams show a small compass close to a strong bar magnet.


Which diagram shows the correct compass direction?

16
38 The diagram shows a 12 V d.c. power supply connected across a solenoid with a
metal core inside it.

The core is magnetized when the current is switched on and remains magnetised
after the current is switched off.

From which metal is the core made?

A Aluminium
B Copper
C Soft iron
D Steel

39 A straight wire carrying a current produces a magnetic field.

Which diagram shows the correct shape of the field?

A B

C D

17
40 A current I is established in a coil of wire in the direction shown.

Which of the following options gives the correct direction of the magnetic field at point
P?

A Out of the plane of the paper


B Into the plane of the paper
C To the left
D To the right

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