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Design of RCC Drain

Known data:

Dimension details
Clear span of the drain 0.6 m
Height of the drain 0.9 m
Thickness of Top slab 0.1 m
Thickness of Wall 0.15 m
Thickness of Base slab 0.2 m
Over width of drain 0.9 m

Material properties
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 500
Clear cover (Top slab) 40 mm
Clear cover (Bottom slab) 50 mm
Density of Concrete 25 kN/m3
Density of Soil 20 kN/m3
Density of water 10 kN/m3
Intensity of Pedestrain loads 4 kN/m2
Angle of internal friction 30 degrees

Design constants
Compressive strength of concrete fck 25 N/mm2
Yield strength of steel fyk 500 N/mm2
Design Yield strength of steel fyd 400 N/mm2
Tensile strength of concrete fctm 2.2 N/mm2 (From IRC 112:2011)
Partial Safety Factor For Steel Ƴs 1.15 (From IRC 112:2011)
Partial Safety Factor For Concrete Ƴm 1.5 (From IRC 112:2011)
Effective depth factor ʎ 0.8 (From IRC 112:2011)
Ratio α 0.67 (From IRC 112:2011)
Effective strengh factor η 1 (From IRC 112:2011)
Design compressive strength of concrete fcd 11.17 N/mm2
Modulus of Elasticity of steel Es 200000 N/mm2
Modulus of Elasticity of concrete Ec 30000 N/mm2 (From IRC 112:2011)
Max. Compressive strain in concrete ξcu 0.0035
Max. Tensile strain in steel ξs 0.0022
Max. depth of Neutral axis Xu,max 0.617 d
Limiting moment of resistance factor Ru,lim 0.165 fck
Load and Moment calculations: ( Considering 1m longitudinal width of drain)

Top Slab
Effective span 0.75 m
Self - Weight of Top slab 2.5 kN/m
Live load due to Pedestrains 4 kN/m
Total load on the Top slab 6.5 kN/m

Unfactored Bending moment


Due to dead load 0.176 kNm
Due to live load 0.281 kNm

Design bending moment (1.35 DL + 1.5 LL) 0.659 kNm

Side Wall
Coefficient of earth pressure (at rest) Kr 0.5
Height of wall H 0.75 m
Intensity of load due to EP (at base) Fb 7.5 kN/m
2

Intensity of load due to LL surcharge Fs 12 kN/m


2

Intensity of load due to Min. Fliud


pressure Fw 7.5 kN/m2

Unfactored Bending moment


Due to Earth Pressure 0.89 kN-m/m
Due to LL surcharge 3.38 kN-m/m
Due to Min. Fluid pressure 0.22 kN-m/m

Design bending moment (1.5 EP + 1.2 LL) 5.391 kN-m/m

Bottom Slab (Service condition)

Unfactored loads
Effective span of base slab 0.75 m
Dead load due to Top slab 2.25 kN
Live load on Top slab (Pedestrian Load) 3.6 kN
Dead load due to Side walls 6.75 kN
Dead load due to Bottom slab 4.5 kN

Total load on Bottom slab 17.10 kN


Intensity of load at base 19.00 kN/m

Factored loads Load Factor


Dead load due to Top slab 3.038 kN 1.35
Live load on Top slab (Pedestrian Load) 5.400 kN 1.5
Dead load due to Side walls 9.113 kN 1.35
Dead load due to Bottom slab 6.075 kN 1.35

Total load on Bottom slab 23.625 kN


Intensity of load at base 26.25 kN/m

Calculating moment about the centre 2.807 kN - m


Calculating moment at support 3.915 kN - m

Bottom Slab (Construction stage)

Unfactored loads
Dead load due to Side walls 6.75 kN
Dead load due to Bottom slab 4.5 kN

Total load on Bottom slab 11.25 kN


Intensity of load at base 12.5 kN/m

Factored loads Load Factor


Dead load due to Side walls 9.113 kN 1.35
Dead load due to Bottom slab 6.075 kN 1.35

Total load on Bottom slab 15.188 kN


Intensity of load at base 16.875 kN/m

Calculating moment about the centre 4.869 kN - m


Calculating moment at support 6.720 kN - m

Summary of Moments
ULS - Basic SLS - Rare QPC
Top slab 0.659 0.457 0.176
Side wall 5.391 3.592 0.894
Bottom slab (at centre) 4.869 4.869 4.869
Bottom slab (at support) 6.720 6.720 6.720