Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 356

AprAs mon irr-1v4r., A Pe ,-)in,e(0 1. 10:losnt •12:44,p. cul.

9
all4 chez 'IA avec M.5acht: TF-,a.k1A n'.;us :Ivor! cu une.
conversation sur ma :ritsaticn.
. Etant dOnr4 que F.Kedia et M.Teolvlift savaient que p6tais par-
A/0#4
ti • rani! pour r'en..zager volontair qrdans I'armde allido m'a
tout.de sul.te dit que p4tais reven1 pour accomplir una mission pour
une . nation allide soft pour les Anglais,lee Am4ricaine ou les 'Fran-
cais. Moi j'ai r 4 t, on3u affirmati y erontre ll:'ils 4tft1ent

Rnti-nssis,u'iline me d, r. noveraient jamais.csis qn(au contraire


pourrais uttendre beaucup d'aide c. Jo p rotection vu lours position
et leurs relations.
m.vichel 17,DTA est le Isioe-pr49idR1L du G .ouvernement national.-
G4orgien en Allemagne reconnu cificielle=ent par le,GOnvernemant
:,..; ).- I:0 •■•
CV f...1
A11emand..11 n'et pas du NSDAP t il n'est membre d'aucUhe organisa- .
010 ' C..'
= tO '..eic
o 1.4 c•-, uj tion allemande,U,SS et ':!ehrmachtir mais conSid4re.o•reprdiinia7
I."; o •= m
(17. , ..4. 0 =
F diplomatique offiCiti de taus lear.G6=7;iensiauparavant'pour7tObAnur
. 1=,

* ',-Jpays '- •
.... .06681fik,
cm ,
_ les ligixas occup 4s,et
LIJ fil
maIntenant/
vu la situatIon6eulement pouis7:.7.:.....
0 c0
TC

.=. . . . . • .
._,Wal wc,. .=, l' Allea8ile. 7tant dcinn6 ea position il est_ natiirellementaiti;Vit:
..: •C _..1 c.n

.. . . -
LA.2 o.L. x —
(=o
.
=. . _..
—. .z r... cc .....
U- -- = che y ilue et envoi e des.gens dans le Caucase pour faireodeespiOns-;
W t->
0
...-
= 0

w c•-■ nage contre les 2oviets. tant d'onn qu'il n'est membre Wauoune
Lc, --, .v") 4 :C
Cf, ..:
er cc c..) 7e.

r.- z = r .1
w . ..., a •KE
CD
organisation a.11omande . e;Alono n'a pas le pouvoir de faire les pa-
" P.-

o f
c...1 c , x ca

piers wicos.saires csa gens pour lee envoyer it tra y ers l'Allemagne .. - .:f
ou bien par 1F:, Turquit a'r'c ar,proIntion du'3.c ,. : y erne=ent tur'que
est dCric ablif.7; ..i' A tre en contact constant avec ..1e REICI CMERH Z IT S

et le GD,Abt.VI.qui e'ocu .pent fie .cestransfert.i. -H;JPTA■,12

11 cot ma-Int .:n%nt trs comnrtensiblsvu P. positm et ,z on tra-:


c4rIti-roaz1 et Tel] 91t touj r: I irs Pid 4 1^e Juifs

a f=i',t 7FAris pe!n)-;_nt; a feit

r;::03L -J tcs !,! a ne pzr1t as 2..Y-;311e

j;tua!:;,que 121'. • ai .Acv.


n 'co !IpEl

:3
sano6.; ::„if -,!!•
!ABLE COPY 111

soit r 1. Late2 pe:co-.-.nvdi'l':; du 7rouvernt

Aller ..and. en reut avoir un exemplc sur ses 1thi4, nti-hit14r1ene vu


• qu'il collraissait perso.lnliement la plular i, pen.o!-Alites nui.

prirent part au ootp lu ?Ojullitt: Ii Ft a noter que on me4.1-

1c1:r a.d. en Alleriale .! t“it i cl-lulenbur.r qui fut T;endu

aprAs cette affire.

. s lu'Arant!,er,r pr49entant d'un peaple


Vu sa position et en teth p
dmigr4 reconnu 1:.(r le c(7 . mit4 7ansen c: iff li Croix Route 1nternat:07
nalo,i1 tait 19 -,91e p-rsonne qui sou? , un couvert pouvait fare le
voya q e en Suisse et . recf:7c1r nar la 7roix :■oUize Internationale le visa

d'entr4e en Euisse alors . Infl lA Vi q k gnrtie de ' l'Allema g ne 1uL a

dte procure par lee perso:Inalj.t4s lui 1.2-ient • d'accord avec'lai et


connaieeadtnt at'but 7rincipa' IJ vnyze.
. .
. La cause principaIe dt son voyage en riuisse est de-st:mettre en
cor,tact laze %mit avt:c 1 e aVec les Anglars t pour pou7.•

. voir r4 g ler la situation des Tiorgiens se trouvants flans le s rays oc-

01) P 46. ps.rleP no) soient pas liyrs aux

meiz cu'ils soient trait4s ' comme l li p.riSorn tr's alle=ands con-
t-a 4 rer-nt que les A.:Ii .: rice. i n g et le s Ang l ais onl: fait avec les

volcnirc3 e l'armet 11shane avec le s pri-

scnnicra rancais rar lesunses.

notnr que Les mAlitef,res

'n t it 4§.4411 4 n ?1,1 bi,!!!1 !=',..)Aent•

tanr, ou!, ;:r1.-43 1m rnerr ,.. d'utz.:e rart


loto‘t •
dt o:lesti;In

fri?nti;..ree rauc!-Irc--turnuns,lr-.2 ;;11-


la r,4dit,- .2^r‘ev,i.e

- - tout,;
ettA4,41-
P4 l'r cu
LE
A • .! ,••• t.i.. e r:;•

Tnyc ;to.n:

.7,,Jr

tro , :vA 11):,u.r1

Ila de 4 %.1-of..r des ;,-;urlThrler5 avec ;.Ae personr,

arZ.ric4ine et n.v. ur off:cier

oculT)e. rien '!:nnt

one e:J. .,.ers:!7,r! e- ne orix 4vcir

'4 fairt ur.e pers, ,,e !--07tn9 i np. s rt ,i'lce. 1 1ne

vt,nait pai en teL:pc eue nz e nt Tai-s ec.mme r elscrta , t J'!:;-,crd d'un

pc:upic • /!7!:17r4 4e ha l ltespernalit z ll • la et fE..-7"'(7..

- M.Redia:a beaucoup re ozett .!f


j- travaillais pour les Am.4r1
. sont
cams et non pour les isnglais vu que:.tes ezrniers itzti-mt beaucoup

phis int:Iress .c.s tt col'Inaissent beaucoup miex les pr,,, b1Amns lee
tx
conflitth avec les uiises en 7,ur'ope,vu n,ut tm .!!!),04mmTs .1, 1; tells les

petits -;',-tsts europens t, cu!i crottet i on britannicue d&cendent de ces

conf'its.

Ik pin4 cue qui !! n ,irr: '-2.)ntact ,, vec au nom ''ec.

';u tie 'tient enrcy5: par =cs rencet=cmentz.nt

aio , :ter une lettrt dc nmo Tcdf:s o n ,:d c?t

T:criz cc cui mcttra nn n6ifjP.nc ,e, r,t ixt 11sa.ura que. tc),.1t..!
!!,_- non de la _:-7c-1;acc,

7,Ke rli: 55t 1•,!o.r,l,r!. n'en

veur T--;nr-;.-,pur ocntre su=e,ilance sur-tum p i' le

:.;oupt C:decnarian et r'; tar.t 0,7;7.nu rnrrr1lres

'

faire ;L:la
4.

) c-

n11/1:: S " •A • 'I. A 14-or f*--,r0.4. ,- r

I'mince 4ovi?Ji2ut

se trOvA 11):,o.tt
,

;4.Xftlia in-landa arofr des .:,:;1;r;mr1er3 avec ure personr:kli.!;4

ric,ric;iino et r,,In • ur f..:;;17.1)y,! 7)1 off', 0 1er serYi.^0.

cpwr)e. :1irlon tette !"-rs .irre ftr4it lt pclzr r4entnt



a tst unP ne vet a";enn nrix avoir

fa:l.re. vc 12 !'t tai nt

nciittn tr.=;:s 1. ue maig commc r m.;r'. sentFv. t (run

pcluple qe la et

M.Ttediati beaucoup r ., p-rett4 qua j e travaill:iis pour let im4ri-


: sont
cams et non pour les Y,nglais vu que:.tes d:. rnicrs ftztrat beaucoup

p]Us intrtsscs tt ccnnaisstnt beaucoup nieux les pr,A1Ames et les


x.
2 conf•lts H avec las :.'ut-;ses en 7,ut'ope,vu lut ti !!)r4 M#Mt3 tt tout let'

Petits' 74tatt .• uroptnS scut prottion britannizue d:i:endant de ces

conflitz:

it pIrsone qui ,,vtc au no d!,s

- CPJ!! 6ev1'u dire T.1. .tlie vitnt r MrS rtnce:::nemcnts.et dtvra

ajo'zttr " unt lettrt de nv Te'dfa hAnite A

r:iris iui mtttra nn cGnfiPtnne,et txt tott


tqura qut

• tt non dt la .11-star.c,

ost n'tn

ven:;r ?4 ,nntrt :.=t411pnce pa r le

Otitc :. 1-, r1-n et les

'ArT10:5 51 ","
I]. ne. fat ptv: s':':tncr in tttls yrcErItions prs mats

taut , an contrair:t zrile 0;us pz1:si:In dans toute oett«

.•

satrai e e 4 y entant . dc rorrzt nura . .ent h en c;L:f-

• frlr. 11 rst1r nn al,tre iix re=., nr:e3 - r.rofefisnr :foc.


Ts,mala
rbtc. - sont en t rnry tnt k::::.14A du q ouvnrmt-
It/444'k
Afltod au cas oa 4i1' he revinnirhit • Tas 1 vtvegc.

Lee rcnseignements . o ue !?..Ke e; ia put ap;:, crtlr me sant comraktement

:inconnus mais jn unux assul . tr d'apres 1c o .:-.17 nun jn Y.Kedir

a les plus> 'clut .e 54cui exi2ttnt 6n Al3nnajan t; connait taus


1(”3 coniThs . oui ::tzte.nt

'F.rt temps ^Yf ct ri' ,Fant•rien voir a7ec les h;s-

toires P-olAtiques de44.Kedia:puteque je ne suis pas Vorgien t connais-


. .
cant personneremmnt L7 .7■s tna,jeouis sr oi.e avant la .pnssibiliA4-ae
prparer le chein aux prvArp ,.irlsra nor.s al-riverone sxlvoir 'ocauc:up
. de
-.)1us dc chOses nun tcrstc autre -oer5onne sm rendant auprsY!:.1(ed1a.:

„EsT
,
••

Ht : H Ur0f0HRHUr

en vnit.tf. T. poor

se trotzva une ;:u

q)...elques 7- Vil:m1:4:

la nit et. =idi,tu:',cnrs en %,oiture,.


len:!ematn -Ipto2e =n

en direction :le PAD !;axcnic). Y.Kedia et lc p rofesseu.r. von


ZONsav
.i4ende cr.". mnxitu fatt pcur7arlerc avec officiers du

AL=71,ce d;; ;:a c;-.-1'.-.: 1 here'


c;-.-1'.-.:tkrt1
enr.- as :n v)iture.

toutfut f1ai,V.di4 est. eorti et S'oat 6ntreten4


dehors. "1,orsque tout
&La eve roAl fne d:irmnt que to!Jr 1 't'ire allaient etre termi—
magesma
1:11:1 n6s dans quelques instants.

Ti s'awAt d'abord dune Dienstreii4e ,oescli,linigung pour 737,717T,

et d'une lettre pereonnelle et screte e raccmmandation aupres


alc
n
du pr6fet de police d'Erfurt: !:.Kedia m'a conseilld,une fcis arriv6

Erfurt,de passer . li)s liznaa am4ricaines tout soul dans - la mesure

. du.possible sans m'adrerser au pr6fet de police parce qu'il serait

plus . vite d'arriver • au but at d'ailleurs pour . Aviter que le .SAD:7*.I.H.


posSede des ra7_7urts sur ma.personne.lesquelt.aulaient pu plutard . •

Etra.transmis au ä 'ilerlin-et qui auraient nui teauqoup:h

notre trByail.

Les pTurparlers termim5s a Dad .::lster,Y.Kedia et le proferseur

• von ,':aces on Continue leur oner.:±n en voiture i=idiatement ?ma

po u r leqr • A part j'ai re9 1 1 une :ohambre dans

la :naison de la 1,13-( qui 4tit l'auberge."Iandhe 0;1 je passaie

LL nit.

landerr:ein matin,mardi le 10 ,avrii,je uis rt Elr le train

:e :2.1.;f3 obii4 de car..; - ,7,r la train env -jr'on 1.x fois et,

voydr. toue la clirn .::e et te a nuit„7;e arrive tet

le ?). -:iin. De ,T -Ina :'ai pris place

et "T; vers 9 h.

De e 1:=:-:iatemcnt en --Hz . nctlon .2,'!-;rfurt



:1 116 1.•.?s 711.2e 7 !-,. r IT

cei; ;ar • • 10 1-4.

L:tan; , 1,0

5 de T.:12. -
- du cot".• unctr• liLre • r ,, ute m'4-
• p p v5, u,p, tu les or.s apsimativAs

.
itr.f!rtnes,i:d1 paz.7:' /-(.%,-.!%ent leP
au l!cr:j 1- : '..rfurt cir.. 1 '7.rfurt.,p1-, r as
Com* le Quo ...mi.r'nr-4.Als it les

- ma/Ids. ki-s • pePs . 1 A:ait It 11., j'ai f,iit con-
aN,%2
ri'ier 2

Cantinualent Ica: cnem:irt :q.rês la pri:,a faisa.nts passer


pcur un travailleur civil frwics une di-hcure aT. res j
77-Tmmall

rdtais une je .9p tin offici P rrjcair. lui demar..lant sisi se trouvait
bureau de G-2. Arrs it l'a7cir r675ndu qu'il ne s. avait pas et
m'tat renseign6 aue ceS soldats a;TI 4 rie ctinstait pae de la
ar, 'ciidé s asse y l q ro,i7, dens le avec les prison-
niers fn,Lncais.
Ditlutre ;,,artivaioue la troisi ;437114e Pe trouvait aur le
frsnt Gotha-L:anensalza-UhTnaus-m. ;reneei gne=ent que j'ai enten.iu
a ktlantijtsenjer lend,Jcain,le 12 avril,vers miditapr4s
av(ir p.che4 ar v61o . au francais.je suis psrt • en direc-
tion. ie I.a.n,, e ...thalza . par 2chwerDorri,et a 7,11e1hans.:In Jal vu In —

ia 3.am6e.71 est ref.-:mr-luer•nue j'ai u faire 30 km.


dtl . ri:cre leC ,Le5_7 bott?s :ililemandes i e4 ma ol-
Icttc md11-,aire l e-t mon r.;vr.,-:.ver et mes paicr3 u 3S et ciu --":7) sans
etre oontr14 par le Arri a t;ielhauscn 2,ar r, !!,2—n!"!,

trov sf.t'.]1 le lo i..-2,osition


mt su' .! •1'.;e•mit 1J2-1

soldats pol:r

- trc,.-.;:t A 1-0t1.:,,H*.- . L'


rsN. X 11- R -.2 PC $51S-
/ 27--e 44-r-

t 1Ps : dAn6 Apr?:s avlina± t$:6 in-

r 7- n'•;tRnt pc s 14

la ave.1 t ]e ;7,s fa l re tn ,AneL ..orter en arri eS


dtait de 1-ar1r avec 1 oe ;Iris onnJr'-r, ce TO-
;ht je cinms un pr i sonninr Ce guerro ot vers s7 h.
transport .: en =don avec les prisnniore de) quArre (itine tin campde -
, rascemblencnt a. TUttleten • rinx envi! .. *. ntz . 1. othe.. Vers. 22 LI d nir. -
Tout le . camp le prisot.n.ii,r ..c t .t tr q n , rte en convr ! et aprez . un
voi%te de 7 ileure:1,ncuszts rriv N 1;1rohhm Jana . um grind. camp'
df; rasembin=ent
1. 0 50i3, 4/21/43.
2. XX 305, Turkey Primer, 4/ /44.
3. **-XX 574, (X-2 TS 106), 7/10/44. epb
4..XX563, 7/20/44.
5. 20637-1028, rpt. on Father Michele
TARSCHidSVILLI, 8/15/44.
6, 1'1.26...Z-123, JIGGER:, A-1,-9/24/1944. B1(
7. FX 119, : S198i 11/3/44, B-2.
8'9474iXiikgalObt-2; Paris;
-1939;. 8/8/45
11.JVX71840;..7/30/45
.
77 12..J1 7 47; 7/21/45
1342X5325;11/1DA5.10/30/45.
14.JEX+ 5375. 11/5/45.
15.1-2 TS 913; ISLD 18/1380; Feb.28,1945; RITS 279a

.• •

16 *-tv2153a BX 55 1 2/8h.5.
"
17.F-7400 6/46 Ssf

DECLASS IF I ED AND RELEASED BY


CENTRAL IN TELL !BENCE ABENCY
SOURCES MET HODS EXEMPT 10N3220
NAZI WAR CR IMES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006

BEST AVAILA LE COPY


9
IA T
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT 1011311211
Al. WAR. C R I KE. ,3,04.-C4UM E ' "
DATE 2001 2000

KEDIA Michael - alias KOHLER, Michael

Born: 23 Feb. 1902 in Tiflis


Father: Meki KEDIA, director of the "Surete Georgiene".
Former addresses: •99•KurfOrstendamm, Berlin 31.
4 Rue des Presidannes, Croissy, France
Vesines (near Paris)
1 Rue des Granges, Geneva, Switzerland
Present address: Bern, Switzerland, w/Rostyslaw SHULGIN.
German P assport: No. 857, issued in Berlin, 15 Mar. 1943.
Physical Description: Height - 6 1 , sparse reddish hair cropped short,
regular features, large nose, ruddy complexion,
no beard or mustache, domlnnting eyes, intellectu
al type, shape of hoed-square, lon; face.
Languages: Russian, French, German
Profession: Before 1940: possibly yoghourt (cheese mode from sour milk)
manufacturer.

'Chronological Informs tiOn On KEDIA 1 s life

reorgia:

know about KEDIA from 1940. In fact, almost

1916. .''.1rit :pLlitical activity-bet .ame member of'a.nationnl.r. .7


2ecrgiS-• ii yOuth-organi zation . •. .• . •
1921 left ';eori.;. 1a to r-ether with /iiP ).1S! 9rif;:ie,
E. r&ridOn well-nown nationnliStic • leader who w p s at that tir.
of the See9rity. Fallice of the :j ear7inh.-ioverh.rient.. -ieh f).-1 •
r:EIDIA was never a.member of :Ienshevik larty. 77.11e
left Geor:71a . vdththe GeoriAh Geyernmeht.
Stayed 15 months in Ist.n,u1 an6 then went to : ieidelherT vinere
ritudied he•learned
. 1924.' InH.,arch,went to l'aris prent.r..7in-1lw live
.:7w.rried A :,l eOr:7ian in . 19 . 21 w. ith whon,hea tvuo
had reSted':lenns . so. e and his.ather-innlaw fcr.mde:1 A'
samoll , fah 4 ormanutactrin'.7. .yor,hourt,
to'aIlovi_KDI ..A, fro.: t l 'At time on ,Ntirdi • .P. co:'3.fort::•lo
1927. ..KH;DIA joined* the Ifouth OrPhization of theationelist karty
.( .the i. l eor4an exile -,, oveYmment .
..earis.as still tinf2.er 1,:ens':e7i1c
influence. h'it the . ationajst i 'artTunder t:le leadership . 01: kri.
Spiridon f"ormed,R•pR.rt oC thR so-halled kssembly). thi's
obviousl:f fasnist, .DIA . le:ft it n
met)r . of the :;ntinn!lUst 1-a rt-y. -1:.:f)IP. is 'oth
anti 7 :::arx.:st )e3 SIP In i jin tr ensvik v:Rs rohn(mnil,2
Cor tha C;cor.:ish. --•1(:ver;. e
7ood ;'riend.x . of th!) 17r9si1ent,
10. 37. or. tRx 7.:0 0.)p of
(a rrd'ip v;hilh CONSC il RII . •:sucrisian
A,r;Irbnijan . , - :ere

'BEST AVAILABLE COPY


al:he3ben),
(:.41hoStan), and 1-)cmle . en-editor in l'firIS () a ilucaLlnn -journal
t“.litec., ' in Berlin. ron F:'.,!1 V.', f!rcy.:1)

204(kx
12;Ift. i a!) •0r.:!:1.;706 !I ' •!r I r
n-tl
1-,-:1;.;;),
above aSkiC. uo o o l'ra ..-. 11e t o ,:once-.t
an-affiliatoc.: .ArrivIn!: in rear.1
• PrI1i7up was only pensitAowith,a.special .• .;erman pu 1;;;
Already ;invaded t..;zognosiovaki.a. AL. ITO one o- the
16aper mann'Od ito ot im.thes0as6 brci he tr9v611.ed to I-2:.;n(%.ain.:7 I
ASteTWai4 ,b 4 . .Was.H3,1;:,,VT-10 Lausanne, 6:iiiread7 wa r. o,1 n
- men the.';-,bcasian
1940.-On . July .7.4 .justifte 'r the "Orman occupation of rarts, --flrman
trficers cont'Ae*A n d KDIA. Me afterwrds honmi ti:. , !t the Abwehr'hc,:
' his name in . their files because ix7it.t2 of the mass . he had received
' in 1:130' to co to Prague; The giAN3n-intellIi:once o..'ficoro who contfacted
icDIA and who ro.t trv ti ae omiard cooperated durinv the
.was•were ;4ajor1,: . Major,: :RAUDACH'und•i l aupt:Anbn (trof.)
of theSouth ithssiah intelligence brrinch: The e .rmans ',nount
to be the most active mn,.;:hkrap g. o .f the .6ecr7Inns'sohe ecame, for
tnm, the leadchtg--figUre. of Caucasian e4airv. In Sept 1940 was in .
'contact with. Oit II. :(Lt.. 2iGOl;. von aRit,■yDEP.5711410.
• LA HO
'JLAN#5f e*,
:.adt a cedple of
Sif im400 a/Alny .
p
■va-

tr.i.ps to BeAin i _ano-ggreed.t6-coo orate w_Ln tne—ter(mana th the :oasis


tha-Ge . rManjntellience-shoUl d 1131p . himto regain 7:eorzian independence
an independence or other*Gaucnsien nations. This wa.s-the only basis
• •

. known ebeutAliM.befOre...1923-reducation,
ties, associates ere-,a11—anknown.:
bUsineSti:-
It has en Said of KF:301.A.--1-nthe early 40 I s th,Whe: we leading
m
spini etrgien. circloa-(engaged largely. in lahthro c activities
-
1940: Sept. arts:. o:mended.by.ACHMETELI s to rep on
the Georgians e. Germans. Was •contact KliArIZR On 1
Sept. 1940 we ontact with Ost II- . BRAND :7 MN).
.. Tri•tb•Ber • to sseure.in A . Geor in case of
invest() of Hussia. 0 erred vi and:von.LORING-
HO ,
Georgia office ParLs
--- 6, Ave. Su y-Prudhomme, Paris 7.

1941: Mar. Paris. Jith Lt. g cc


personnel
n for TAEAR.4
project. For Ab
• ,- -•
After tbreak Russo-0erm os ities li .etfin Berlin.
Influential me of the •. A cked BAGRPTION's
COMMIfTEF UR THE LIBERATIO ORGIA.

1942: tpril. Paris. y SINN:EAU:UM


Visited 1 s.anb wo-four times from .r1:: To visit 0/E-LI
Ldader of his Turki • froup. .
Recr.iited /' ZEPPELIN project, w s le n der of orr' a Section.
Summer. rlin.
Oct. In. Obtaincd relenee of Si WILAGBIL1 either
Georfl, in Lec,i or fidik:A - nob cle to whicn Si 1),, ,CLVIL beloni.ed.
..---

iiESI AVAILABLE COP‘i


•.:$44,...
....- •
whh tEDIta,(3.10PA4rkte ...lath.„ ans bLA':.,A1- 6-11: . r.;0
to -Sl.ftie:- • . Many
, . ' Oebr c'faiii:•;;- : 'in : .t ei T :'12t . •. ii iii'ilikArlibAiOtid: . tlidN7e'O'r 44. -
.'...Oyernrrient. of .,7032): • •,.;• 11.A .which. was In a difficult• position ljeCaus:e • 1 •
JoiA, in !?ehal.l.'• o. 1' the Ileorf:ians-, declarOd :war on 7ormany,. IA .
I:Ail-Ina:if:a; !•2nd ti.11 . 1n-Ausr.i. 9:. . '2 . : 1:Iit • als1) sa l ted thb 'Tool:1,711m.,....iev[Ish
Col:: i...nity In .:)ari..n.ru Obs , t:. ::.•,::',;J.A.,HAH,FT. ' His :cor-,ian o-- . f'iCo
.. in iarls• was . at .0,. Ava. SUlly 1-.?rudhomm_4 •;;.1'w,i,j; 7. .
19:41. • 14.a7. , ch• • in :Paris with Lt .',..,.11J115: ;• I'Errii4tr, ufeln" . nor: : Onnel for tic'
• ■•■ '

Tamara project.: . KEDIA 1 s headquarters roriained In iaris untll the .


;. .' • • outbreak •pf :Ow: RuSso , Gerraan hos. 11i.ties.H when he : 3. oved to Berlin. •
ui
In . .-: t he ,5amar,
: --- TI' . a ttacked 1 . 3/ORATIOr;.1 -8`.Z.orlimit tee or the idiboratiOn of
`.1.4Orgia.' and .. succeeded In 'di aellVinf:,..it.:' ' • • . . .. • .
. ,f., .
• ,,i. 1D12.....,.. ..: s. h. a tx:1 riho : ri . • a (. auctlislan ., ..specin .L.staff '% : •ith . the.. :telp . o
.From tilts . date_ On, .iCDIA 'cooperated t•ith •bo . t)). AbWehr and . A .;:lt: V.I . . ..
In the ..s .umffie r..: went: to • Berlin : : . ...Flew' to •..I s tanbul whore' ne con t;:. c OA
URESTTVILI . ..and:: DIAKYZI . . '.. Slent i3;1:11•iv3itv;rLi to ()oor. ,,ick v. i th help of
Turkish intelligence. ii-ixxxkitata Ile reported . ti.ck thot . t. ••:e nitilotion
.
for riieurreCtiorie •against the '.,.;v.iet-s wau :'-...ot unfavorable . nro ..1,.:1:nr.:
the G•ti. :(nnanT...araiies :adyance. 9 , the . gernanr*,o,...;' t cyan ts autonOmy and pro:11 S''5
better ireatinent. - of• prisorte.re - ...OT •war.. - . Returned • to Aerlin. In' . 1 . .. :•
September,.. flew to . Stayro p ol to contact -Caucn.s•ians in. f.: . r:.ian .F.., eti.:7.ips'
. and here „heard • for the first . time or ;e.ppe .lin arIttorc. . As. losses : . •
: were . Crest . an results neFligible, on his .return to 3or1in, iledia
''insisted : this 'undertalcinc; stop . ii•Ii.mcdiately. • 'ile af; s2 . eed to :re-ori: .;:nize .
.ZoPpeiiii...action froni*Cu. .ricey-h j sendinr .triall 1-,..:ro...•/cs c-- . traL.fted :: : ln : into <!
'the Caucasus if . .rAGY ii.:',..f -and 3Y of TUrkish Intelligence :onsént. . •••..
1• HAEFE.-s. t.okped the parachuting . . . d • accepted .KEPIA ' .s r-eorr,anization scutic,,,:..:.:
i'an
. . •. , • • n.:':!.;
•:-,:k
••
• • ,. ... - ::j1.':
• KEDtA.: wrote. t6 • J0:31).AliIA asP.:I. ?LT,. to a w . him to,' . re sign...end. : rëtun to .•.
..
. • Paris as their political ideas could not be ,.;arried throui.r. h . '-WItI: t':-.:e. •
;O'er: . clan§ , • ••but .J.0..n):V:IA asked..1;::',.1)TA to st:.i...; witil t110 . ..: -
' f. 3.rilrin aut:'-io.ritie's
71:\in the igiterett : .;.1' thC••:;aucasian tse -co 1::...1IA a r- reeld • •

• 1 .41" frrisnired h- .i0).:•:.::•Ift and ' -us, other friends KLDII: 'Obtained ner:.r.ission
• ....i- - thro ....v . h Abwehr and Amt . VI intercession .to cstahlish te ..i,.'..;:.:;,1.7._":::',C,i1:;?. •
11..:"...:-..7.•-'. From this time on i • :..I q concentrated alLlost • entirely .
.., . on the ...si, vin :• of P'..8. , lielpinc, pco.sant . cmi..-:rees v.- ..ilo • le. ft . t: c •::,ft-:1,;:n.slis _
wi.th 7...street:kr,. •- enarin armieS and ai.din:..;- !.;aucasi . an r.pr:::•;:rs. .
•:,.• 3.n Oct .1•:.60.1._:: s:•; I• lt •i'ater - a:16 .:::::,:•:,.:.::::',J:-:. to .:0:4c;--t-::.o •-,t=,-or•-' ...-
. Cloister. plan. .1::::).1,k's trip .to .T.:-..it::1:.)ull in . .)e Ceber Vv'P S • . reported •
„.. to have ;been: for the ^lir-oee of rclor'..;.::..:. ,,,.. staff for the (3corr4 an
..:
-' ''':'• Dloistir. , . .
• !;:,: - . 1944.' In J..-no-1:.TA. flew'. to i st :71nbul .‘'..'n.e.r;.; ho confered • w!::7...h • .:A.I
::,.. • :f)JELiAL 6. -2Y aryl iql•ril. .1',".%:3.::it On !...i. 1,) cri . ,3:. ',LI, - 01 ?JD ..., th,:: -.;alic as::. an • .;o:: :d.,i ttee .
can opelii • . cbht a c t s -....i th the •.: o s te In AllieS. A . special. rePros.,..itf..L.I .vo . .
. ,: "c • • •was sti: .:.:-.elster..1 .as .:.;::::.•:...:;,.--,I . V:. IA :... toe 10 el • . c..o:1:.cctod ,..::.:11.t:_:_l :••:-.:....•::,•::-: ' .
:.:0).-.6.1.7i) sn.•, ,dicte .h...,It • as ,lip.Liozi(ttLi',' ..r.:1! ..tionT,..b:ItIve:in .214r.:.:e-,.; an .:e.r.-:;ar;:r. •
':: ••• were severed. ir .:i.u.f :I.IPA the ronr.'rr !•: ;, :, Hid rlo'.. reach.
7h,..:rkey until
"•;. and •Jr7.••:.L:ritt:::,.! ;orter!7:1 ar, of • •
i.,e7ions .. in a lirtitcr to •-,P,.rr...,tee .ions 11 not i■e•
occi.3 ;ir1g rors T.c•ir,trince
,r;1; t -y ; Nrrip;:„.11
'cer. the ":'-orMr.,,n army, !-IF. i

the (con::: a • ictor


13 -F,L; 01),:111obrer 0.0;:f
0
. and
, •

BEST AVAILABLE COPY


Co:I.Aittoc C1 ,Jtly .7t1:--::stiOn becalm°
;. 1 of re;-, 'Mo in .0.1sr!II.
t''I rentened mv!
with i 7.nnsent, :;;Ie 1-eor..1e2 t(1(3
by o vt ;-‘n: t;'r; :;; -,asinn , !orie!:;: se.Hc; nr,
tha' Frw. ci
i . or .
For :3yolo :tussle: •0;,i:4ttoo 3.
VALI chosen were 7 L s t'.4e
4‹.:En 1day w'nen the pro j , 3 . c,, t petered out, MI rcaorticYCY. Dorxdxv.X0.'ut
his ..eurkisns..r.rnilp. worked for AD WallY' . 1.1.1 r 01 ,1 units. III!:
-. O. Ont.nued to •operated even ai.ttrwhen . the :,112'idSh t •

severed reintions . ,witY t. theHerianns ! I nd interned a ., 1 itbwehr


Other than s qeorr.:lan . RrOup. • •
1045: - • IkErg jt hoirpoot . 31cxrAirijrldoic0.5t$i.ar,ent") 07 j'Atxtxmolzciv:.:Gm man ii74(73
ti the -help .131:.] von . ..:..;;ZIL.; :Aro:a-id to ,tiric)
SiCAriJINSia ( OSS agent) vihen he w.Laneci to aroar.,.. .r
Anril . and ijJAi..JLIA left tor
Switzerir.,.nd&with the neap of .70LrS Si Paris nuccoecied in .17 ettinzythere..

l'aDI .Á was inforMed . that . CAmAT3A I vas paraThuted without.his, consent.


5he : xesults. were nca-, 1i.r:ib1e an(i . k)im a;s ter three years:, the leader of
TAARAi I, KAWVA , * escaped. to Istanbul . At nc: end of 'the Year
was in Paris.
. 1943 'KOTA in . Berlin. Made two trips to Istanbul, •on .Je from ::or
to Apr. 17 and ar,,ain fr.on Dec, 4 to 18 Dec. Two •-,roups were sent to
the Caucasus . under ETZKOWAICIVILI, only he reti ,rned. The results for .
' KEbIA of the two roUpa were more .interestinc than to the "I ermans -
as the . informatiOn was :.iloro political than Oilit.,ary.
In Istanbul' KEDIA was ii constant 'contact with '11J. RI PAS:iA Aho
'represented . t very influential Auranian . ,77.roup--Thu'kir;tan. . Fe and
egreed. the . n1itar itUhtion w.d.not lbok oc an that . the
. policIx towards Eastern people was obviously imperl
: return to herlin KhDIA . decidedl to preO*re . disonio:;ent .
Doliticli s actiyties polio,, at t:le .s . 11%le seeing .
2 no risk in .plyin7. 0% with the ir ns as on ac u.s..bwehr .2riens
.would stand to for him. In prdor to be more in ,jnondnt *frol A:it . VI.
andtheir'servi ,:es -in Istanbul, to .2urLoy as liaison
officer to the ‘ 'urkish authorities an(i71I
KEDIA back in Serlin is pr litte to to first tie .;a1.1csian
lo -ions under ':erman of '1'icers anH e 3 ha(!
been unable to r7et thee 1,FIcionr: urir .,Tc_11-;^:Lan
least had avoided ha71.n:- ther. 1 ovc.! to Vur. AS I s aL..1
.w07, to o: a:; ::)os!;H-1(), he , C..d not trh ovr
pro-r,oviej; r;eorians to t:-Ie -dmans.
uI tried to r:et t1ur o tO '2.:!;:10v;10(1:fss
s the 11.S. 0:
uy H'Hh, . ifl In;v.r:Lt ,J ft ;:.() pin

BEST AVAILABLE
1945: EscEi Switzerland ehertly be rd of War with LANT':;MIR
;Ind 4 A.
Oct. In .;eneva, Switzerland.
V,ns first contacted by 1)137 in fall or winber 1945 upon request of
he I■mericni Consul. 1)137 ,7,athered in thLs first interview that
believed hir,isolf kept by the Americans in Suisse for future use. n'DIA
sur,gested to 1)137 that he (K) not be kept in on internment camp because,
In such a case, he could not run his chain (which he said reached into
Moscow) for the Americons. KEDIA hod contact with the Si officer, Lt.
JOLIS (Paris).

1946: In Born, Switzerland livim; with Hostyslaw SHULGIN.


In January 1046, D57 reported im KMIA l s recent offur of the
use of his Georrjan uhnin. .4xt happened oftorrords Is not clear.
Probably nothing happened, that is, his offer apparently WEIS not
accepted.
Feb. .1 was to be interned. Internment postponed.
Kedia's name came up again in connection with the SW.:1LIN opera-

tion. D37 was put in touch with SHULGIN by KEDIA, whth whom he
(SHULDIN) lived in Geneva, according to a report by DB23 and DB5 of
June 46. Thru SHULGIN, KEDIA's offer to use his Georgian chain was
• indirectly renewed. KEDIA made his offer indirectly to the ITIP:TR
• (UKRAINIAN CHIEF COUNCIL OF LIBERAITION), probably well aware of
SHULGIN's connection with us.
12 July 46. KEDIA, in a letter to Rostyslow SHUL3II: proposes

that SHULGIN contact KEDIA's men in Turkey (Istanbul). According to

1946 (con0d):
KEDIA,.he has nine a.-ents in Turkey. KEDIA's chief representative is
MENAGARI-who has contacts with the followinrz Turkish officials:
1. NADJI-BEY (Naci Bey), Chief of the .1- urkish rilitary Intell.
Service.
2. C(.1. CELAL BEY, Chief of the 'kurkish IS for western Turkey.
3. Col. TEMER-BEY
4. Gen. NURI PASHA, brother of Enver PASHA
5. Gen. ERKILLET
6. KriM Cofer Bey AKHOUT
Among KEDIA's agents is on Alexander KANKAVA who parachuted into
Georgia 1942 and returned recently , to Istanbul.
KEDIA apparently gave this information to SHULGIN for trans-
mittal to the UHI.R. representative Zuf-ene STACHIV. UHUR is repo rted
to have decided to organize an intelligence center in Turkey, and
STACHIV' was charged with the mission. SHULGIN, however said that
"KEDIA is very impulsive, and not always wise in the choice of his
associates." SHULGIN wants to get the advice of the ",mericaLl
authorities" what to do, and their reaction to KLDIA's list.

German organizaAons of which KEDIA wns a member


, SD, Abwehr II, KAUKASISCHER VI,z161.DUNGSSTA13

KEDIA's projects
Turkish Group under :,EPPELIN Project. GECEGIAN CLOISTER

BEST AVAILABLE COPY


..',...T)
Groups for 'which KEDIA obtained men•.
C
Georgian Legion, TANIAilA,•Zi_PlLIN Projcc ; Kill'Ki,SISGH SONDERSTAB,
Georgian laffen SS

General Remarks
Durin7, period of occupation the . emlue p:ovt. eomp;-omised
seriously with the Germans, particularly .1.th Lhu-Ss th/owsh KEDIA.
dnjoyed complete . confidence of , Germons and was allowed to direct all
the political penetration work. . • •

Has helped. to shield the son Ian OSS at.7ent) of Beatrice :: ::131127:X-
SM. KEDIA . always well supported by HI;;;OLEHAUPT in spite of attacks
of ODICHARIA ' and others on him.
Believed to have worked for British. IS. . .
Other than the financial holp • given by the German .government,
EEDIA.received ' most of his help from a Gristle .13 1
. ILIZE. BERIDZE.was
, reportedly saved from the Germans , by KDIA•and has financed KED1A
ever Since . in gratitude.' .
. KEDIAThas been..accused.'of'being„ in 'contact with the Soviet IS.
m ho only proof offered so faryies . been the names of two Soviets who .
..,..e supposedly his NEND contacts. They sre TCHARTISHVILI and Lt.. •

MDIVANI. These 'two men wore-captured Soviets who worked for the •

KAUKASISCHE VERBINDUN(:SSTAB during the war. 'After. the war orided,


these two men were, appointed by an American Officer to work, in tha.',.
absence of specially designated Soviets, es . Soviet'Repatriation Corn -
mission officer ' s. When re;ular Soviets did arrive, they kept these '•
two men on because of their kn owledge of the territory and .personalities...

:1942 . (COnt t d):- .En • year, Paris. ued ernftt to •P


NTLI to gO't.p

1943: • -.yelp,. h grota-a.-:


AutindinGEORGIA' LOI EH:PIan put into effect.


Se Father L HE—and BASILIUS:to Rome. Member . 8
official Georgia organization nder the SS and SD,.
- - A
.projPrt,
-
,e-rul ea or 6r...1 • • •

..I944: . WaS .reported to have e decl ,tion Repres..:_in—;Ur-;


key (in agreement vi • :1315IDDUN - at. Georgians wih to
fight SoViet'ilus •
..'relati .Ons':ni the Alli
libera
• and and hopgd—fOlf--friendlyi
May. . Vihen.ZEPPELI. • oject peterea oUt, worked for Abwehr,II.
His, Turkish Group 'comttnue • to operate, even a: !..ter Au.sust,'whew,
Turkish Govt. stopped collao • atiOh with Germa-i . Govt, and interned
all Abwehr'II personnel other I en KEDIAs Georsien group.
possible, that KEDIA'worked simul neously,for Abwehr : II 'and AmtAI
It is not knewn•for sure. whether he ,,lorked for them zimultilneetia,17.vo
alternately.
SumMdr:
chief.of.Ge

BEST AVAILABLE C
•% •
KEDIA

Nventually, they returned to Soviet-conLrolled.Lerritory where word


looked out that. they were execuLed, EiLher. they were executed because
of having worked wiLh the Germans, in iwhich cose they wouldn't be
considered =JD or, they ore MOM agents and the .executions were
. faked to make. Lhe..Allies lose interest in chem.
IN 45538*Deo. 46.Bern
:Ukrainiann with ABN in Germany orderd DB71 to out off ' relations with am and
watch Georgian aotivitiee■ : 1)071 is to forward this order to (Ikea in Frame and
• Poles in Italy who areGeorgian contacts. Threnreasons are* GUEGUETCHKORY!s
trip to Sweden and Finland during war now thought for reason- of contacting Soviot
. Mission StookholM• and draft separate peace. GUM.. whosen as had known StALIN And
.BERITA:: 2. .CHAICHITILI,Peorgian asioo. , KEDIA • freed'in.frenoh..trial . due to
.. :wartime work with :FienOh,'Yolish and Soviet resistance. - Communtst . papers took his
side. 3..XEDIA l it*ifi'Is'ilistress of-high • . Sovist official in Paris and still
oorresponds regUalrly with KEDIA and exchanges information.

FSR0-1296 'Feb 47
Kedia suspected of acceptin financial help from Sovi..Its.

ALabTMA1;

1reetor of:the,Deutsche . 3ankin'istAnbull. ,hen Ilade SO!..1Q trips


'Lo Ist2snbu1, ;ie .t :
. ayed twice with

BEST AV [ABLE
.nwia

EXTRACT FRM ACTIVJT REPORT DATED 31 MEW 1945

PAPA 2 (b) W.S.SIDN7UrPERT

As reported in the last activity report dated April 310, let , Tolls
accompanied George (Y,CURI) to Annemasse Cor the purpose of contacting
various individuals whom he'had induced to leave Berlin with him end who
had succeeded in getting intc switzerland. Contact with one of the persons
was made in Geneva. The raainder was being held in a S111,3 Refugee Camp.
L.
Lt. Jolis discusses ths, matter wit , : Dulles in Vern and the letter
agreed to a e%g ign sor o onn in nerr to folio's throw:h. On 15 May Bern reported
that the three persona held by the swiss were transferred bat of Switzer..
land inuo a swiss Red Cross Camp at Hoechst, Austria, and that it as no
longer possible to follow taroug.h on the interrogation from Born. Conse-
quently Lt. Jails on his. return from aavinT escorted Le.mt,ert to salzburgs
stopped over at the 7th no ' Field Detachment in Augsl, urg and discuLsed
the matter with 203jor oroeby. major r;rosby agreed to costast the three
• persons held 'at Hoechst and advis.e of further developments. Vbanwhile one
of the persons, namely a Frenchman, succeeded in leaving the camp in
swatzerland before the rest o: the ;arty was trod:I-Ire:red to Hoechst. The
Frenchman crossed over into France end succeeded in contacting Col. Baker
at Annemasse end was sent to yams. Upon arr.i.ve3 in Paris he was placed
in the X..2 imerrozetacn cen,..er wnere he sas interviewed byt-v0pLand
representatives of Xt.2. •After havitg determined that this pers,.n was of no
further interest to . OSS he was turned over to the Frenzh. full report
on the developrentn outlined above it now in preparation.

• •DE CUrSS1f1113.AND RELEASED ey


CENTRAL. 'INTELLIGENCE AGENCY.
S,GURCESNETHOOS E X E T ION 312 II
N .At t VAR C RIAESO . t8CLMIE ACT
DATE . 2001 . 2006..

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'i
EXTRACT AND CROSS REFERENCE

DOCUMENT I ()ENT IF I CAT ION


noc. sykinni. A NO. . DATE OF noc. FILE cLAssiricATonu or p rcono copy
. .

DOC. SUBJECT

SOURCE INFORMATION
- -
snwr CRY F— O N Ym)ATC OF INFO. FVFLUATION
— . - . .

. . _
TEXT . O r EXTRACT (Alec, eits doe. d)stribution, DiSs; 'n .rie. If .pptIcnbI)

i MICHEL
2O0.-Q0-00111
DOB - ? 1-2356.1:.:
NO
?
S ER 17
:CC ? -
SPECIALIST FOR CAUCASIA N AFFAIRS rl'OR THE CIS
WRING T WAR. ,SAID TO BE LIV:NG PEACFULLY IN
SWITZERLANO BUT SUSPECT ED OF POSSIBLE
CONNECTIONS WITH RIS

R 7306221031

:51

Slittnifit41-
CENTRAL INTEL!. IBENCE . ASENCY
SOURCES METHODS EX-EMPT I 0N38213
Indicate The Subject, Project Or NAZI WAR CRIMESOISCLOSUREA CT
201 File No. In Which Tidfs DATE 2001 2008
Form Is To Be Filed.
suniccr OF 201 (Lnst, First, Middle)

FORM g,On'Olt71
(7.46)
vt..1(
-
rnirino. I
SECRET

wow-, I
I

DICLA1181F-IED AND RELEASED BY


CENTRAL INTEL'. IBENCE AGENCY'
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT I 0N3828
• NAZI WAR CRIMES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2008

NICHEL KEDTA age 44 came t pane in 17..4 from the Gaucasus.. Ke wrcts
for a Georgian Nationalist paper in parie which Aas et ti,e tint suvaidizad
by the Japanese'. Re lived in Paris Crom 1924 to 19420 Fe was a member
of the Georgian colony in that city. He iS first, foremost: ahe at all times
a GeorgianNatIonalisto His one and only intereit is. the political
independence . of the Oeorglar. and ::!aucasian people.: He ftnetical.ganti«
.00mmun1st o but was prevlously anUnt!!-Twarist..donsiiaring any Russian
.regina . anathi'ma, which would wish to dominate his' people.
• •
• • • In 1.
; N0 . he wha:appreached iv Paris by representatives or the
Abwahr who, wished to 'exploit hi* sympathies agaitit Russia. His relations
with the AbWehr were not good, and - little rsu:ted'fracrtheme Later on
he *as apProached by the cD 'Ato apparently handled him with care finesae
since he claims he was !satisfied that through .6 Gernmn victory aver
Russia he wouldubtain political int:ependence-for the Georgiane l a In the
spring arly42 he left Paris for Rerlin wheruhe Oars into contact with
•ANT . V1 of the . sD. There he met HENCIEIHAUPT of the 2ection CZIT of ANT-V1.
Chief . cr AAW OST. 71 at that time was Oberiturchanfuhrer . GHAEITE,. and
chief of averaal ANT V1 was (and still is) SCH--ITYNBEn'tle.was 1CIEZINBERG
who received the crediL far having caught thuBritish agents at the.-Butch
harder.

• ' . • :Ps status in Berlin wasof a seml ■. d.iPlocatic . uaturef He was


vice president. af the-GeorgianNétienalist movetent. : B“urnished agents
tothe SD for penetrating the CalleCt13 In septemner,1942 he Went. tc • ,
Turkey .under the covernace o" Dr kCHAEL 1OHLER:oii 3 O CongerCial adssion.
ie actual purpose Was to cantaet Georgians . in:Turkey andto:srrange with -•
the Turkish for the passage of agents throUghtheirUCUntr.' . There he
saw BERISCHWIL/ona . of the leading Gaargienewho" wiSAnUentect • with.•the
Turkish SR: Through . him he . cetbOt DJELALBEY chief of:theOrarkish*litury.
ance.:BERISCHWILI was sent into Russia for the:Purpose of contacting
Georgian . Nationalists and preparing for a Georgian uprising should the
Germane enter the' territory. toi, their s Uonfidence in Gexman
intentions: towards Geergia had been 'seriously weakened, and- . .they wished to
pre3ent them with' a. felt acCompli should they break:through into the
Caucasus. BERISCRITTLI never . returnsd. •
. -
In DecsMber . ly 42 K . veturned . to Turkey and:arranged'to Send a
peruinent repreSenLat,ve of the Georgian people to 'replace . 3'HWIL:t. This
maz arr.o.ed in brch 1/430 HiS ns ,re it 1ZENACARI ar4 he . is'still there0
mode three more trips to . Turkey,:16 Apr11.19::jo . Deeembe r - 1; :4 3 a2d in !lay
He returnd to Berlin on':Ture 2:2,. 1 ./4 and then went to paris, arriving
or July uth and rer4iping there uilt:2 Aur,..uLt
Altogether he only sent 7 people through Turkey into Russia.
Two teams of three and four. Both teams had radio!, whose receivinti contact
Pas a German stnuion in the Crimea.

claims he became verj disillusioned her he learned of the


' Nazis' true inventiona in the Caucasus but that hie freedom of actin was
very restricted. He claims thit he was:auspected of being a 'democrat' by
the Gestapo/ of her.ini , relp.ons with the British awl Americans through is
convects in purls, ana of being e friend of the. Jews. He further slums that •
. he had no choice but to retain his position in Berlin where at least he waa .
able to . intervene on many occasions on behalf of Georgian prisoners and
deportees..

In Zeimer., i/44 GRAEFFE died and his only protector was


RENuEtiMPT.Whe had.limiLed powers, GRAEFFE waa.replaced by -SCRILSKY and .
later by Oberstrumbanfubrer RAPP as chief . of AMT trisection 03T, who still
retains:that-post.

3
tw
•`"N 644

1.4±,SION .RUPPtIlT

• Cacmcunication of anfe arrival

Oa 'a rrival in Berlin Ruppert will place a went ad ii. two Berlin chilies.
The papers selected are D.A.Z. and the Berliner Morgenpost. The text will
appear in the went-ad section under the column Meublierte Zimmer as follows,

RZIACt text cannot be determined Beforehand but it will be a


request for accomedation with a source phone Nap 6647'46. Thlii
phone No. will be the clue to source. 'Will run. for 3 days im
both papers.

At the.atunetime Ruppert will arrange for a post Caid to be sent to &Fit.


zerland. The text will contain the name Thi• will indicate
*safe arrival--misaiOn proceeding*.

. A q4id 'containing the name 1 1.1121.1 in the text will indicate Manger,-
Send no one t 'or no messages".

• A 'card containing the tame 'Georgette" will ladicate . muppert Arrested.


• *Lesion • •

' •

A card 'containing the name v pobl.y" will indicate 'Rave e xtremely im-
portant,
. .
, information which' t cannot send by radio,eend a . courier'. •

AlyzALidmk$i166-0.:—
mktiithittiukc4:126.,'
p11 -

Cuaicatioa to Agnt of ' others to :join him.


,

A. radio text will be broadcast over the dermin BSC program under the
ser.tion: ." pareOnal messages' • This message will indicate to Ruppert that .
ca„....;or more pins One have bee-i • dispatched' to avail , themselves; of his safe -
address.' . - The message should be i• peated for six ;consecutive : aizhts:
Tex as folloires i'.ANN;ERWARTET DION, MT' EIN(Z14.EI ODER DRE.)
TAGE'.. The number of 'days will indicate the
•tuber of persona Ruppert should expect.

• NO OATE SHOULD BE sFsr TO JOIN RUPPcirt BORE ONE ik,NTH ATTOR DATE (.? AP-711.vAl,

Alternative safe address.

•. If we have received a message as described above indicating


that Ruppert , a . address is nc• longer safe,contect can still be' made with him
at
71.0"01.1,41.40r0iif,
.25 3yern Ring,
NeU-Tempelhof. Tel ephone 66;4'.7.746.T

fiCid+fi f 1E0 • AIM RELEASED . BY


ItTELL !BENCE A6EstiCY
g giCHIAL
Mini MEMOS EXEMPT 10ii3B2B

NAV WAR CR IMESDLSCLOSURE AC1
BATE 2001. 2006

t.■

EST
:11:PF.PT

ilher I .1 eft the French lines on Thursday, November 3rd at


e AM, I f:•Ilowed a small pettrwar atv:' WWI s!..e.trtly ce.11er.-.7ed Ir.; a German
• sentry hidden in a blecle.ouse. -

% Af'er showint ; my papers (Frei:l enposs), and giv.!ng the. reinworil


of the SD vi, I . vas directed tc the CcrIpany CP. Fres! there I.was . . •
escorted to the ttettalion. CP. Ever3rwhere I.'...-es ::,uestioned by 'officers about
life in peris, .• ..
. .
..
. . . . • • .. • . • ..:• .• •
. •. . At the 'Battalion C.?. I was guystioned by the Criptain • !n 'charge',
(.
and : he made me. fill . out it . 1hort von t.ionr.aire cn •.7., •/ . Otntity. . Then . he • .
'telephoned to the Divisional CP ..kia rite :toasted ht ;lerarthsere .Froni there, •
8 Oar *as ser_t with an officer to escort me. .. .
. .
I, was at the Cowrany CP, the officer apologized to ice for.
special precautions and searching my bag, /pt he explained that the
night before two Fre.nchmen 'zed crossed the lines along the same rr eite -
carrying radio sets. They were shot immsdistely,

•.JLccordin . to Tthe er non gUided: throu h the lines g

aatired th at : the route =i:. perfeetly safe. :iittile.,. travelling in the canitthieti
• •_ . •

. . •

t6ek ate, to ',;.ere .. idmer-,. we followed • a- roed ...thrOUkh: 4 ralley:', where i.se;:vos
.:.% •••• spo tted b y catterlea. Our car s hit, end we arrived at the• .
'

At the .,.divisional . ' CP. hi .:ranidng , of f. icerst ,'f i r seV. a;iltal.. .
questions at ze concernin the location and. nveaont cf Allied troops,
torepl y, s ince
actors with the Jiaeri cans wF o authorized e to reveal certain ita for
coecif IC purpose, This Itfcration s riot new for the ernana, since
there w.s a fairlConitant setrOttC.:Of civtliinà both

.. .
:air but my reports were c cthey with thehad
maps before.... them,.
and : Served tO.establish
• bona fits as an esicyee of the :

lunch many mor6 queStions were put l . to , rie about Prance
Duntrig
end Paris. It is noteworthy that what interested . thain'aiosfwas'theeffects
i
of risinz, communism in France upon the Allies;:.

• Durir45- the af'ter-.1oon I Was introdrced to the General " Everything


was prepared for my arrival, that is to say that this : sector of the front
vos • expt, c.tin:,: the return of 57.1 v:ett rrr.rn Peris on that ria ,7 0 but did not
}more identity* The ecincidenee wen very stranze:sinee:they never dis-
covered th;:t -.7as nct the one they e...)..-pf,.cted.

iftk§§11 FIER AND RELEASED BY


§t1i1441, 1111ELL19ENcE AsEsty
i6111CtIM/TH0OS EXEMPT I ON3B2B
11At I WAN CRIMES DISCLOSURE ACT •. 3
PAtE 2001 2008 •
V A LE
At:2 rr I 4.c04-. c: - • , tc
• of L ^ I . I .,••••■•!.
for the rift?cc then I eLcre •. ■e. r rt.e7e
ar:::: •:ed at 7 in the e7ttnin,.., rh ..: . e I k:‘-u•deat the %rat P re.ns -ata
on2.7 at nisht) fm • str...osbcurg lcaated Cr':•ce of the
Vi. I czTived r. t 9 H.' nnd tcok a rccxr r.t the Hc t.el . :ir'stol, end sent
the'night. The following alornior. I went to the Rice tr. setra.or thq
71, it order to obtain .thr neoessarY 'ape: s to eenhl-
journey to Herlin• •

I fount.? the office. of the AST 1 V at 8, Otto Becketr ‘ sse. They


directed Lac to the Rupprechtlaueralle where nost of 9.e.houSeswe . re three
quarters derdolished. Fi.aU.y I . disccvered the H.:cider's 'office nod :ten
.transferred to Haden Haden: but they gLve me an address tors we I could
Obtain Pre tbe- information. There were only two 'employees of the S) . 1ct.
thev. telephoned at ono .to Baden radon, and to Berlin. Once haVing
entounce . r.Yself SS being-in the zervice of the SI),- I immediately eddai:
thet I was in the personal etploy of //.. nets, which was Important aincf. lay
Zle=e was not on any of the =. files..


• Standartenfuhi-er. Fackler wbc represented the SD V1 for the lahole
Of Western atrope outcide of Berlin, ordered me to report at once - to Baden •
Ridene handed e .Reiseb e acheinigung and proceeded to thet town. I.
been notified by. that I would be - met:et the station by OLIG
:civilian 'and.. one u.tfo ned . M off iCer. I -learned later ..that. the civilian

* vasM VOniieyden. It was .around raidnit when I. was led . directly to the
villa ors.. Bickler where..I.had been expected all evening°.

.. • • One =zit not be surprised at all the care . and attention which
:surrounded me. I...vas an feet' the first . 'SD Agent •••:lbO, had returned ....from
riasince :the . • . liberstion,- and this at a .. time ichen the lines had been •
stable for at;out two. months. 1:7pC ii, arrival .I .:•Iya • Meal: . and . once
in queStiOnS. rained ..On • Me s • from, personar-adjutant
and bre. Ha•uche. •
•of. FluabUrg—,. .prepered a lone reports .

Piret of . :t.had to explain ho-a • I travelled.- from P4ria a far • •


as the GerMan lines, Mv account nan studied in . deteil'an •-to 'clateni•
p1ces, ht and-means .cf. transport: A •rom•wan-taken for me et the Hotel
Hirai:ch.,. and the . .followint; day' .Hiekler lwaS sailed: baCk . : fromNienns.' especially.
to r.ec me. In. the „Meantime .I: had cOre oppertlinity.'fct- LIetting 'acquainted •.
with .-LI'von Heydn, iho hixastlf put reny questiOr,s to me about Part::..The
renton was thr.,.: he• had left' behind 'him When.. he quit uis, his .v:ife,
Irene von He-!den: •one of the. di...ectors Of Schiaparellic : Flece . ': tndome, •
rcihe 'et.tednt ht.vioz . knowi I..we3 eavirLt for Paris. : since he. hed
hod many Mcsscees for ' hare Atacric. other -thir., •Ls.he• tOld me. that f the' • •
opportunity :resent itself . t :.r,ein .1 7ould only hove • to go to ht.:- and
say i owner:rc . him nr.d.. that he I come to co2leet his fcuntein ran. This,
wc tote.bl-Ish the necesser.;; ;:nrrfidenci. 7and to his •
ri t that I was . alsu in the so.
oth"rt'-ln.7s von 1.,..-*:tes to1i me In contact
B:t7i ENE sf t for Swi t. wtt's 7.1 Lel p, i th grant
p eal sf h:nne-et

".1* iish to tin' e.here, it B.BIDZS • is at „present at Lu....:..senner


Pe1 Yartechs. cid a la-ge p-Mr oleumdeal, in whic'... o he Is ore.
• ha geste7 1-.oc rii t .... He is in contaet riV; offi r'ers c" th each
riltty control, rind alsc with the ihrise.. Bertdze cei . interned by :the.
1.ermar.s dusinc +he . .3coupation In Fr:_ncer*, KsDIAs: knowinc his ca:racitlea
arran.:ed• for his release. He then 'get himir-Th—with • the 'concede dipts
or the .1hr:el's j to;...rovide h in . with funds .. for the . Columbian cored ttee
• as tt:ise did not want to set any allonances . : from the'rrermen goverianent.

Aftsr a' certain otize, 'EiBRDZI-..,-ot in touch with with.' the. Geste-,..6 and •
' ;chief Of M
ertork.ad mainly for Doctor 114/71.;i112., de p t. "rrom
• then on MIA Could • •no • Ltve en:; control. over ..havir.g any relations .
.the. Ce. stapoe Alen 3.wàa rorlcinc for the . vielirmaoht, 1C23IL
ann indirect cor.trcl• ooVer hid incorsee 1.1y nate .frietds or his Ito •
worked in the same del-art:cent of as for Instant:kir. Wagner.
o. .
; • •
YON 117
....:ND:C1 e_lro .news of ODICHARIATI!s ;crew and :told-Me...that
•he. til.. ras • in tbtich with atc/cp:2;..as'u . n
s fortur.s.t ely 'Wes
. . further evi denced
la t...r. .

• • I .. spent three 'whole. days•.et • .3ad en".3aden and' might .. ...,had:46..
stcy longer but for my ' succ"..ss . in arranging i.: "teltphane. c'nteraation with
• Berlin. . I discovered that My Mother as sick. an
obined•'.3:eiVe to depart .
•• .
• I. left fcr Btrlin.. on 'the:6th cr. Novembeer •:.•and;:!errived.•aftier:
t in s 0 Ral 1 Communicstiona:.:•were.:v.ery:.diSOrg,arti.zed...';.0
errival I r'ent at once • tc myitothe.r t i..hous. e. •,'She .:..its . inot .:there.'s.... • .-•;.•••:'
" ••
, November I : informe.iZ Ked is of
on 7 had alretid•Y:'
notified. by • Biekler, .; who told hijr. that 1 eaS brinIn newb . of kediatal'
• • .,

.Nct wishing to .1iVe et hCine in : view .of: the kind . of work,:-I., ex.
pected to do I took a root= at: /0 • :::isenacherStraase ..in the, •, s.ection of
Hollendorfplatz. At 7 .AM Or ViednearlaY Nsveasher.:the• •cestaro:citme . to
address ..and nrrosteilme..; . TheY had heard I hail . .itist:tetUrned fran.PL-de
; end . that . I had brought mail with Me; Nr. turally' :th'eir 'erea test 'interest' was •
to know -what I -ma doing and tlat was contained. in:the_lettera. I
escorted . )o their offices at • 17 lutharstrasee I was iritarrOge4ted.
Is 'not'eworthy that up * till new I had • pe.seed myself off elsewhere as an zigint
. .
.of the .3i)fl.,. :sno re!" . thst rou3d corer me ..oi r•h the . Service, which was
of Co -e very int .tres•ted in y jcurney. The only potp ,s / had lies one
certificate signo6 Bi-:isles- a .:th crizins me i tO rsavel t:o Be1In. Naturally,-
ns.•. to discuos r..-.'_Ssion I rsatended that . I we authorized::to...•
trie:. k only 11;1:: th .chief, tuid if they wanted furth rs. •

• details they 'would hav. e to refer to him. After severe:. ur.aucceas .ful. phone
• calls (it vgin . still enrly r.crnir.3) e oltsbed it a csr ne went to 74.73014.AIA,..
70. Nieburestrosse,. and asked l qrs to accom;anr us tc the M office, •sinco
• did tot. co" lr till a as 2.oca tee • We ell went together •therefore, to . the
WA.N.Nbla; office, 43-4 r A arossen . W.. zinsee, the . office . di STLE1113AM'UPRE/
K0/81.0.71r.0:77:ail/ c.f SD Al? Abto by . namely the
section:for stern
. •. •
H . The Gestapo representative had •3 peractel interview With the
Chief, after 'thich • he left iamedie.tely. 'fhe :chief c!..1.1e4 me in with •
11. • Tsomaie and also summoned Dr. V.W".;NIT1.. of the anme . service, • and two.. other
• eeople...Then I-had osta-t. reCounting stor7i at I had . .already. : thine so •
Mery tine3,. I learned • lat. nr that •. one of the. two other ' intone was .named
LT. 4.737:RCM. • • s •••
. . • .
When my story was finished MiNG.41-1AUFT ahcwed re three
• demniniatiCsts which .liad a.lready'be.enmade against me in the two days I had •
• • been there, and re.ried , me to be r'ery . careen]: and.. not. : to mention that I had
been in . :Paria. • He ti 'asked me .stiett had persuaded . Me . to 'return...I •
: . an$werad . that . :•' first of . all my mother had remained in Berlin 1 . and:that .
sine a My ".,hr.e.ther:' had' fondh t in the anti-holaheirik lie6ue and .that I . being .
'tateleas, I ad been unable •• to find an -. rork-.in . P.srizi••- and 'hid.. had in

I fact : • •••jdiffi.atiltieS.:.. .with the .c..irench euthac.71.titai . ;.:Ftitherinorijo'..ieei.n...the' •


•• adVenee
• •••• of 'ad:CU:list.
• in the lihecated loiew. that-.
•. ..any.' dutyWan'.•;t6....t.rike
......... . . adirentat;e. of the oppertnnity rreitr:Iii.g tO.-Cfermanyo.
the Con.ntry in -rhiCh 'a men could . fight-efftstiVely,..for.ide ideaao

since I. s ac (rt4.4eit rt!IS .


Im •Own en.y doubts
raise"
•.,:'.• in TilY3At74., 1S/iniiid.' . ?u.rtherm.6re" !..I :-11.e.d-'1i5m4;; ;:rated f th e psé of y
story: •'•.•Ccerit..niE0i :Ina.:

• .1...report ..eas .Made on y story, and Lly.Identity a t the


of Itt :.: 70S,et'tcdthat1=D1.'10.en:1,15ktkf'•held . .tifelrelirei'ai. ; guarantieei,':•:
my: political: .intention of I.:011/1;3y.: ..
• now, and •I that.: this' •kitd . cit's,:roric:Interested.the .., ; ,..*a.ry much 2 and if
•• Ito...eariige Me :. in :.tlie' bervice.,...I.;:would. sWork With 'greet'
• pleasure: in'. t; cry .141 v..it • cnt-se rra s..also uv 'min * . • •

• • • reon es t *as accepted at cue en ': It .Mayti7:nEe that : I ..weis •


hired' in'thia ea tica .vras ccncerned •the.•East, in view of
• tb se .fect .. th .at. 512. theej.ents cf thth • • • !c tion were Rusilans • recently taken:.
pr sc.aez:.....or 'personsorigitii n the req; icns .. vd1 e they • wze 'being 'sent.
•Zkt I - wcS:IrS • Of.,:rveel. : :r6i..tht: western countries an particuinz'ly.:for. •espioriase.:'
eintns Ern •Ea-ou;',.3. in t.he Wttit 9 ar.d : their; 1aticn with Soviet.•
.•. is 10 &i;, J. i .i.olet.iOn.s.ihetween• these
•• .70`1. :3• . v`re .thl w!:.;thay 'Cr ;:!•:; in view Of ed.•;e1 • of :••
clicj.ral.,Ain
I I-sued or. the apct s:i identity. card ft
rerrit tO c:trry venr the ur.iro-m of t.%-:
. One 1.•::.;vr•ant hed thus alr esdy . l■ een t..ad
henls free : for ;.er:onsl workyand tin.e • -ea free. Furthert-kte I had .
ass:tree •my irtuz.n . Journey, al thouel . I ran . not of. th!it et. the
momen t . On oth-% hand, )..etr...::::••;.loycd thi n service I wee . very
oloseIy eat ch an-t rould 1)e noticed' rhatevor For two mOnthe
wee followed continually. £1 :e•ly Aould nc. t i oe a,= • one followinc; :to and •
taki^,-. note of ley elieitest r.:Arece,nt.. :i.on' cells were recorded or
zacnitoree. In r .:)ita of- my cohduct ‘rhiet; •i.es absolutely normal during this -
..i.,triod,...i'enunciatioaa ttn te .were :11 the officer. .
. .. • . • ;.... . . . .• • • ,
••• . rihese denunciations.were --nride withtut any proof, it were bused
.cosy on the fact that durinl • yer ;-evf.ousl:• .I had. rorked in thlt.S77'isa
legator, end eurine that time. I !-.ad not hasitate.4 to air my 'opinions, or •
to spread. the • hews I used . to rase in the Criss newspapx.a, Furtherr.ora, when
.first in Itne 15114 I iroi-ked or:ce more for foreiviers.
• I 'returnee to• -.3-errr
• as a ecnfidentiel Man e.ni. Ir.terpreter. M c1iticv.1 opinions ..were
fore lcnoWn Ay all uty . fritvds and equ51ntEmees rho elio'bier•that I hid left.
for France .:iri oreer to voiunteec • in the ArMy in the struegli sagainat treimanY
'

• It . was quite ..eleer to 'the::: .thez• -fore that my return to 'Perlin eas.-for.
definite purpose thchmust -have soce conritctioe wi h t ny. political ideen. •.
•• ••• Ihe fit•Mess,..ge I ".r.4•-:tcth Americar.s ran' 'mailed %by .
c .frier.d . .cf =Lee • tx. the •1:-.-r..ou.Rly widress.The text 'contnind',.tbe
. •• and .LYDIF, rhic'i. indicated l Everythinc :.• ia'alright,:. but • • ••• • •
nee ...It' should . he: understood: : the datk: was in ssen.dini.i, • •
ne someone conditions4. • . .•
• .
. .
received several ,rarnings frczz the SD for • fr equet.ting
.foreign .wc:.-1-.er3 The told int thi. ,19.s. .t.Oo . dangerous. that is :why
ahortly after nt•• •• first arrert I lief t My firSt lodEingS .*hich were: toc. . .
. frequented by foreiva YOrkers, and =oved to Fension lton. 66.xurfiistindEsa.
. Frcra the sarVi. ce I -received a Monthly sclary of 500 •
Tte , a bonus
p his: 5‘000 as:r
iv
hic1 I receed
:71: payment fo the i nfora
m4
t,ion ).tpcia.-aylli fc 'in 'France *eh I errived in Berlin.
• Before I could caw:lance any kind of work, denunciations against
me cane in fran til Sides. • ,First 6f. all frau- ODICH;tRIAN, trannnitte: -
through and addrersed directly to my service. They r..exe directed
indirectly ti .-::9inst me, 10EDIA bathe; the ',,.xincipal e •4 The denunciations
re2orted that rerved as a liaison a.3ent betweenLl .and the Allier., since
fc.r him also it iimprolvIhle
hili thEt I cr.,uld hr.:ve returned frail Paris -
wit: ..;•o1itic-..1 ideas I ::47ertisv3 denunciation
cl•:,sar aul..erviaids It activit.fts. It was hoped that I
cocmit Lore e.rrcr rhtch :could betray me. Since I 'ploye-d
the al , arid -mac protected by severe? perrous, the yid 'r do a thin,
ngainst wlthout some 6efinite . ;Tool:0

Fur the first two menths therefore, I kept very P., aiet.e 1;:tren
the cards I sent to the Az:rice:Is were avitled h:v one or my frienee•
(.4.B1onsE MiTI:11 31 ! y e de la ;3cardonnz1a. 311 . in Ceers marl
helped me a grant dee.1 on eene.1 matters, s-Ich• us Corrresroni-nce, ?etching .
sky trailers, report"s rcnors whte were circulated ir certain quarters .
.::,,eins t me. I bed bidd en 1: in once 1.1%! en i.e . eacuped • fron, h ts factory, and
lnt, I .arranred for him to move. around freely and • to ''elp me in my work,.
I 1-.5d hlred in service of the S' T 'Ur 111
. .
• - . Marin i.; me.nth af Tannery a. I.-renclunan by the name of
filed a:denunciation t.,..ninct ze rith . the :12 ir. .which `..e. accused me • of being
in the pay.e forei power. He lte.ped by thts. • Aeatinciatim to er ktec.•
hfraself Into the- service •f t he 3d since he didi!t *is!: to -.Tor!: any.more.
• This denuncie tion . f ell into. the hand s fano thrr encl.:men ....Jaz-king in the
' SDin the •" ii eaeral information aect;cni STIGUI TIG. -Sinna lie- kne*
''he asked him to be put in touch . wit!: me since he wished tc handle the oaa. •
• plaCe. in a Email 'cafe. SCALA!. Xhowing • .

s. through Mutual friends that this !can worked at the Z.. los onnly guard.
b I 1 Md. ted 11. 1)32 to lunch, and after that I repeated thui invitation frequently..
• introduced him into the beat • and most expensive rlaces tnBelin.plce8.

; which he .. hcd..n.ever. Visited; not .spesidue: Geriar&i, end? or,.3..y • having been".in •
• .Berlin for two tenths. d Scussions :covered. all subjects,. but turned • .
naturally it the eirection•c .f. Commtanism.- I .. int.r66:63d . :blm to a .new
Of li r e, and t ray orn e.1:ponse showed . him•: a higher. :W.:ender:than . he had
ever . known. I !;.ad :sl.ready. ..!_a • advance rotared a 'facer:let e alibi to 'explain; .
the .amo...tint .. of Mosey . 12 ras 'able to .:C .4?end In" tbia2... connection 1..had alreadY:
•.riides. ...connectiona with several blecc meirket. oPerator 3 : In order • to create
the ..imitcessiOn that I etes .. in business relatiens• With...therci, In the
. was not 'Considered et • all repishensible ...No . or three :Weeks la ter when .he
'needed a . place to ' live . I invited him to live' with Me, and ahare my ronma:
Hi.s neMe *es ^ATOUX.... Our friendship : v-eve . „ ea". Ws. itot to .1mcw each c.)ther
• better.... until the ay . rhen he • sexpressadhia._. feara.tc ree about the...
advance- of . the . Allies.,. -at .which . time I took...adviaritiage of the situation to
i'vin him-over to my side ..: This took • sorce . .little _time , boiever, and neede6.
some delicacy,. ainCe I an not the 'only one invOlvede . M1'1.‘....ancl TSOMADI
were also 1.,:tplicated....:..

IThiS mar...GA.1'0a worked for . the SD AIZT 11 b, ..tlie 'office of


Isaa located at .22 Gre'nad i crer;s tresse.. ..mea..the..officei of the •
Berlin chief T.. HAUYI'STM,77CI-IHM •.:ozzartr, ,GATo 7.;:4 ht d Fre:.nch secretory ..
CD11.1.. .1..dicall ie susr.eCted;. hrA:its of •'the. SD for
mutual.. ez25.one....:,e. he'lped•me esCh tire I visited.
'wham I -rg s ,ia • Contact, Givrt:Gx pr ^v1 ously file a report
the:1 that 1 lac chot '!nvr. sti ,:;i•te they *ere in.. touch
rith the Allies. These rtports covered me in the event of a denunciation
on the part of any cf th^ people I re s contsct!n.F, for information?

• I also introduced him to 's certain Mr. SCIJCK.T.T . e forcer agek


cf the SD AMT V1 Who worked for a long time in France and who vas On
ittimte terms with SCRMANN, dep . : ty to b.:. Fuhrer in Cle Chaneelry, also
ritb Herr FLISCHEN chief of the UK ST1WNG, and reserve Wehrmacht officer,
also with several persons of the POLIZEI ERASTDIUM for example KRIMINAL
KEL2I56AR GRAMM:SRI, and several others wit!, wham I had come into contact
through SCHUMPT. And also several &gents sc .i.sh ar Capt. KRAUSE of the.
SD AST LV, This. had bean a strnmse meeting incidentally sirce this Ca:It.
KRALM:, .1161(hrfurstendam, workinc_ for the counter espionage service had
arrested -me severe 1 'leeks eerlitr . in the cempony of . e certain HENRI -
LABOURET civilian sports' dele;:lte et the SOCHAUX plant. This man worked
in a Oemtuniat- re-Siatance group directed b a graar of arms officers -Who
.delivered arms to them: Thin eel] contained t--ro .n-oupso one French, the
other German. 'Mena grou0 bed . be ornanized for over a yer.r, and were .
under the orders. of thc . Seidlitz committee in r. 'SC(7.7. 2 ey operated
mostly on Propaganda and sabotage missions in the Ncukocin and Reiniehane,
don' districts durinhi- fires cauzed.hy bombing mids. They utilized
incendiary . peckaaes drorped by the Allies in order to spread the-firese
At the'amme time they . prepared for the takinz over of Berlin as the Allies
approachad.,AIrench sirl who served as liaison a:;ent hetween . the French
croup and'the chiefs ras'arrested, but she was soOn releabed for. the god
'reason that she was the mistress of one of the SS officers. The case
did not go any further as far' saleas.coucerned, since my service obtained
my.release, but the Gestapo eonfiscatiid from me 4500 HW'end e -quantity.of
gold .worth. 3000 BM declarina that an.honcat citizen did notaarry.mcre
than SOOTMon . him. .Any surpinaphOuld be placod.in the boric. .Thiamoney
.wasne ver_returned to me in Spite of all the clairs'of my service.For • .
empl6nation i tothem l I• said that : the 'money . was proceeds black market
operationa,..andfurnished them with all the elibimmecessary.
' • . • .
. . I-alsci made the . 00OUcintance of Mite. MARIA FRANS:TEI148''
5 Krorprinzendsm, a close friend of.k . s. GOBI, Stt ' Moved the lighest
cireles . in Berlini. and was on very clotie terms with highly placed persons •
in H1LIVIEF'Z' he.-.dgpsrters. This Mae. FRAME\. .'STEM wes . vd7iy Anglophile
and hated the NU2i3i, • •

• • .1 alsc Cot . to0 . %noW' Ute. FitDDI MGT rmIcx chcone year
previously had been :cleaved fro: f the uvaeierburg cencentration camp t and .
who wa s In clo.:,e t ouch. with u:large numher of indu2tialist and rers.ne
in the TODT oraanliation..From the mnth of Mnrch onwards . I attached these
two romcn to my nt. twOrk, end Ile :eve:Loped a c:cse . fricndnhip. It was
•throug:, them that I uncovered , the . case of t:. 7,:rman inctIntri!% list 27EINEFf
of .the Den-ocratie party., ( A e:ort t= .this alread,y 1.een:,:iven)e
Herr Mr= chief of the Transport Sec Vt.,. , with wh cn I 17 ti
in continual contact, c.rdenized the eve tio3 of the. principal members of
'the pUrty, who were nearly all deserters, as wes STELNER himself. I have
• elready erplained what difficulties I found myself in when the :lap:NAL
STRMFF.! came to arrest hiti at the houa of We. FRAKC-14BMG1.11 where we were
havine a rendezvous with 'Mr. D3IFZCI:. He aidn ;t a110 himself to %.ws taken
.awuy, and foujit off two policemen until they succeeded in ldllthr him.
. ;tan they at once searched his body and found 3 Sri& a passport in go..xi
•• order, . a thousand million florins, also a bunch of military papers. and
permits te . city-7y arms, all in order, All these papers had been fux•nished te,
• him by .the mistress of *the r4Tecettative of the Rumanian Railroads . in.
•Get, • ny who . vitis working in. 'Berlin at the . General HG. ,Ths pasaport .tcigether
others had been delivered by We. MOCK 21 Keitstrasse. These
people were also able to provide Spanish papers. All the members Of this
group were supposed ., to report to the St .ittge.rt region, transported by
IFLENDLE. Two • villas belonginti . to Mr. BALLY the show manufacturer were at
• their disponal. There wire .about thirty of them in ells With the exception
.• of the tipo•ladies• /he. Faaucznaciii anatae. DJI:t.TCY.:,. none of the.othera •.•
' knew exactly whet I was davit.

..,.• in this _seine o iToupg there waa also a chemist who had bees,
hidden•bY a .Thassien doctor in a Berlin hosnitale, This doctor -ha3.•.heenTs•Ought
or: •: oier six monti a for a epecial : fornicla. which he had...disCeyered.',..:-.14::.,:the.
...moMent :When . he was supposed to . deliver. the fcerzatla•-he'Sad
.s . *in relations - with the Swise rho were . very Much interestecl'in hi*
. • ..
and 'eve3i . yore •sO • in his • tortilla. '..nez had Feral ed him tree entry:: into
."8iitterland -: tOgether.. '; Other persona.' ''s'' • ••

_ .A few hours before the 'death of M. :.,'TErsTat...I:.hed.-.. .. bein?...with;;My..':.


• mother at , s the". •hous e of • We: FRANICEN.P.EIG41-. in • ard er • to introduce
..,..ERRZDT2 •ariarike 'for...•!here. to be erraouet ed • :frcM BerPa with the *at of
. ..•
the group. Thir inter*ies.'ocCurred at 3 ate • ani every. thini:Mis , .. arranged
tto days later. I:had•persuaded. my mother to aocainpanY:: ,this . group'; sinc e I
did a61,- -74ani to sight of this chemist, • If • everything had wärkai: out
••• :.,as• • Is.. h ad arranged it my mother would have been able to *it
• r the,.rii;ht!..:partietie the killing of STEINER ' Wreaked the whole
•• • plan, and I obligeded: ". ...send my , /nether: . to..:1Salzbure. arid thence to Milan
immediately .:since the *Situation haa ..• become very •sericiite.'•••••lhe.ER-tarriat...?'
•STREUTE:and the .6eStapo were on the :tracks" of .. the*affair. . . ••

".. At ny • Suggeition . 11neDIIFICK . entered • into intimate


* with the lieutenant 'whe•had been p r esent at the arrest•i' , ti*1 thus
two weeks it . ,as possible for us to follow the•developmenta of the -enquiry.
The death • of a:EIMER had ed • tb e • affair.c■• ••••, . if . he had 'been •
simplIfied
arrested. ' Lutd alive, . a . peat many'peopli . :would have been.:•..iiipliCated,
He kr.er i this ., *ma that is : Why he . condtioted. himself with *such cOurage.'•.......;.''
ET

.
The month cf Ail was very taid c both on Recount of military '.
developments and on account of ti's affsir' wt,ich had already. •
cauced My arrest on two occasions by the raNA.L. EOLIZEI. • • '.
- The reason was my autemobile which SCMJCIOCRT had reQuisitioned • .•
for me in his own moms, arA which I lied c .n ih the subuibaof Berlin,
at the house of the assintant to IMF, Director of the OST .•
LUJU3T2. 7I134.. As the Puisians Were approaching Berlin,..i 77ante4 to have
the meant of transportation avails.ble for my departures- ••
• .•. • . . . • . • • • • • •
. . . • .•
. Twice during
. . the preViois . • . twO montha the SD.V1 had arranged •'
everything for my departure, I had been very' anxious • to return as soon:
as possible for ever since .7anuary =IA had been on the point of -
receiving his lcissm-passer for . Szitzerlande Consequently he used That .• .
influence' ha . hed with the 37).1/1 in order to • obtain clearance for me. The
new chief of the =1 was RAPP.: who was very auspicious. . of mea . -and :..;.
. only'knowini*.:10...t1A.. SLIGHTLY ho bad '=.ch less confidence In him than . .
HIAGLI...11.4LTIT had. When V011 . .14111113, •. Director of the OST :MINI§rminsf atipported:;.,,.
thfse lei:ands they finallY:docided to send= to teris .On a Mission . for .•
MIA in litarch 1.;. but two Weeks' later the • project yearefUSed •-• by : .the Gestapo •
at ths insistence of • ifOLF . rho was .in charge
of the GeOi.-.-.1an . group of the SD la . be It was-impOSSibia.'therifOra:-tO
. arrange.. for:my- departure through the • SD. • 1 had to.look...for other . ehe.nnalae-
. 'These :were:finally found - through,VON Watr2 .who lied good relations with .:•••••?...;:•;;'.:.

. .
• •• .• : F ..Af t ea• •• an interview therefore, it iiras; arranged .. '.the k:1- ihc-iiiiii:!:
n.

leave.1 :. /thrOtigh....ABOtEhR 'channels.' N.eirartbeaesS . I. cOUldtntleaVei;untir.-:::,.


the . .04Casian.?::06.Minitteiti. .s rand .. , iile_ osr . mrusrriumt. iiii.*,;.-'0iiiiaqt;i.'d...474,:,:' . .
•: . " Berlin,...;inee s :if . iias s Planned'-sthat- they should •• sleCie •-,
.. .. • t6:-ai'd;'. .Ere 4.ei g..4' laid
_ ...;)!Yil
• • 4 ,4. :.:,:t....
,
without' the ..Ossistance• . : , . . ._ of ., .Y011 laNDE and ?anik- I' .... .,
Tronid,.::not:::haVe.'•'obtainiedl?-.:,1t:;.•:,%,:.....,,-4,.•
.. . ... - .•-:,•,, ,..:1-4* :-....
• . any facilities. ...My .orderS finally can s through on the 8th :Of .4111/i.n.'?..",„:• -..1:j..7.•
. • • three..' ',Oarii;*ith.!gasoline,WhiCh..I; had . ..succeeded '.: in obtaining::: .11,.. .i.if... .. -,...,,,-
. . in th :. :.cli.i. .. .e"Otti;in of Sahel* :where . :the .. OST 41:611E31111tIplt. had •-..7 'MOW-ate: On : the •.•:.•
• folloWing‘daY WO.-reached'T. Bad..:leister . ind . after 'the- disciaSioniwore...held ..,!.:
. and the papers Prepared I...apent . the night alone at ..thei4titzuR honsa,... • '
4 Laudhatu3 ',1isthaf s e . .•• . '.
.. •
....
. .. • . • ..'. :.• ' :." .:**.i • . ..". .'
. . . . . . . . . .
• • .1 bad travel orders and. a personal letter to the . ...tOLITML . ......
FRESIDim of1.-Surt where I intended to cross the lines knowin7 that thel:..:::;;;.....,
3rd Army was in that 'sector. I also .carried Military . identity Paperae....1'.'.V::".` ,,,. .......
..
On the ..same 'day . the •••Amell was evacuated to the sOuth.e. ..... ' . : .* • . •'•,;:.
• . . . .. . , . ... .. .-.. .. ,._
.. • .• • • :-.....rtly on ' foot; and Partly hi ..-,ch-hild.ag . I... arrived at •Plalleri,: .....
.... where With nuct.. difficulty. and "after 3 changes I: succeeded in '..' . • :.• -.......'.•
. . continuing to Ge:ra'• Then I made. my . way tc 7enai On he way -I net Up
• with •a officers ..-thO were returning to
.E-
,..soup
, of the
front, and iltiril*..7th.e.:''...:
tWenty four • hours I 0 id not leave ';',-tr.,;, feeling more secure • in their: ...':•••:...;„
. cOin;.Nany than . aloae 3,ri a bettle • r.z.lne -which was . v ,.,.ry closely controlled, •::::::.:......,;::....:.
IL

-10-

For whereas my rak . rs zero in order, a simple phone call to 51) section
in Berlin would have blown me cor.pletely, Therefore I had to remain very
'inconspicuous:.

Arriving in Jena on the morning of the 11th of' Ax11., I left


my group of officers, and walked towarda the Autobahn which led to yeimert
since no trains . were running in that direction. I stoiped a truck and got
a ride to WeiMar. The road was very difficult and we were continuaLly
ettackt:d b yplanes. I rrived.' at Weimar around m idday but froM
%there there was no means of transport in the direction of &rust since the
mid was constantly strafed . by American Planes. I therefore' left on
foot. • I was continually Stopped for verification of my papers, since my
civilian . status croused suspicion, particularly since I was 'wearing .
military . boos nne. breeches, and I was taken for . s. desertera Nevertheless
I Sid 'expreaely kept these quasi railitary clothes in order to support my
military . papers, and this was u.xl era tood by 'the authorities. When I •
arrived . .at irfurt, still on foot, I had no intention of presenting myself •- e
to the .'nnief. of police.. I made 'enquiries and found that the Americans ••
were encircling . the tOwn. on •all• sides: . .3tor position;.:eas . diffieult . since
!as • su;pcia.ed to re,:ort on arriVol to th authorities .' and h_sd no desire
to • in thie :spot for any length of times, Under .artillerY fir e frcsi *
botheides...1' . therefore left . the . town and crOseed •. the .. fields. in the
.direction : r.Of NordPour • and escaped fr.omf . the 'trap which was • closing around
the toivii..;.•'.•..For. four hr*SI:.,trtinied' the fields 'which %developed into's' -
battle ground for the • small villaje of itersPle ben By nightfall
Amerieinii •!.6aater . ..ea the Village' and. pent/lined :on'.„their :way tiivaards..Ife
Taking:J.:edvantae of ..darknaisie. I entered ...1Cerinileb:en;and . took refuge:In:2.
a building containing French çaisoners I changed my clothes t imglia
riding saohes. • On the f011owink;dayi•nOt..;. ,beingi.:...able
toOd . . tO an American officer I. bought . a. ..bieYele and started . off : in
understood
a nor therly: dire° „. tion•fur ther to the rear of the -American

730 frther on, Sing the.inaignia of the rd Army


.errived at the OZ-1:14:f.aijOing: the?iisrlosise?:is.ShcisSd:,*$ Oeinean :•.papers .-:: -:. •
and • tabili•It.O., S I. Clt--:'.Offiiir:.in;llyiiilichlifOring
. village, but unfortunately this sis:"nneacurds4Not :linCiiing'.. what . to
with to , : •
..• InatiscmtiaMiarz a captain whointerroeted me and :then ordered
. me . inta'e : Convoy. of siaouera which was Jnat .• taking.: oft. towards Gotha*

I was put in a screening clamp Mixed up with SS troops and


soldis Of all .descriptions.'Arcund : midnight 15 true] a esise along and
took 117;. a.• the- liLole bUrich. My only privilege Wei to , ‘. /ie put in a trunkf.ttl/
of officers, standing Ups and so tightly peeked that it wee impossible
to fall. We rodie in the pouring min until 3 in"the:moraing.
we arrived at Kirdheim neer Eisenach and nere placed in a camp
rhere there were :lore than 5000 prisoneres We had nothing to eat an there
.was two centimeters of water under foot " I was close to the gate " I hed had
.nothing to eat for two days„' not ranting to delay matters for i Element. After
a dozen complaints and repr • sentations an officer came up to me and tookIne.to
his office, where once . again I was Watt...gated. This was the fourth time in two
days " The fo1lowin4 day I . left esoortmd in it car for Frankfurt ' The day after
.tliat 15th of Oril, the saw. °Meer came to.ftlieh ce and we returned to.Gothat.
peesin,s; throuh Herefeld to pick up the necessary papers for our . jonnney. After
much dis l,)ssiOa 'Pe took off by Plane for Reims hat tN) plane continued towards .
Melun.There . .oloar. took"us-to Iris, where I finally errived .one week ofter_ •
leawing Berlin. • •

t.t t
T iLAWL
SD PF.R
. SONALI:1513 FUI-VISHED j3Y RUPP=

ALT VI. Ait Grossen Wannsee 43.4) . Main Office


Berlin Wannsee •

Local Offacei Mommserstrasoa 55


Berlin Gharlotteaburg

1..10 is e.

AT IT.ANSEE: 'Mete 1. Standartenfuhrer RAPP'S (Considered


fanatical Nazi)..RAPPE replaced sturzsbannfuhrer
ENGF.LIALTrT who was formerly chief of Amt VI, but
was sent to the Eastern Front (Field net?) for
secur.ity reasons. Einsatz Oat.

Baupsturmfuhrer ja.12CF0RD •

3.M. WAGNER ( Ckrilien)

.AT NION?ct.:SLRASSE: Chief. Batiptae.herfuhrer 3TGLZ..

:-
• All the above with the exception of HAPPE who is
11)07. Nazi are working with DU..

cage espionage (u) 1(urftu• stndam 106

Berlin

Chief r Dr. PETERS '


ss officer (Rank?) ITAITSS (In contact
with sCHUCTMT)
XHIVIDT (Not hie true nanie.Russigar. wig.)

KRAUSE & SS:22011' are convinced Nazis.

iv 3 (France) • Pori:we:1 y HQ in raris (rresent address


not ..knowii- but not Beraia)

if Staix3r-rtenfubrer BDO. .11-14 (trj.s family


.lived in Gtrassbu.rg during occupation,
then move-.1 to Baden tlad
OtC.I.Aif IMO AND RELEASED BY
CilltlIAL INTELL 'BENCE AGENCY
IOUNCES NETNODS EXEMPT I ON3B211
ND! i WAR CRIMESDISCLOSUREACT
tlAtt i001 1006
••2.

1v 3 00.110 Graf VON KEYDEN.(Wife'no w Working with.sCHIAPAPPIJI


in Paris).
• •
Dr. RAUCRE •from Hamburg' (Givilian). Alias NABIE also
third alias unknown. .

BERLDZE tsee special report) now in Lausanne working


f or BIKKLER.Wes forMerly under the orders of ODICHARIAN
also workiug.for 3IKKLER.
• . .
FAR= kytench) at present in the TIROL. Is a Civilian,
owns cosmetic factory in Grenoble.. -.

• SD 17 Local office 'in Borlins ,LualerstrasseHl


B,:r/ine w 62._

Ruppert was arrested and interogited here 9 Noy. 1944.


. .

ALEXANDRE TSOMAIA

•■■1•10 -• VIE •D ••••,,DENVIL. ••ID• V

A 14/7 1P-7 vet) . ''r4 .41.7'41


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DECLASS IF 1E0 AND RELEASED BY


•CENTRAL INTELL !BENCE ABENCY
SOURCES M ETHODS EXEMPT I °NMI)
NAZI WAR CRI4E
SOISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2008

L:

GER-1 - 1 - any
-
' •
Wichael 0 5073
4/21/43

Arrived at Istanbul from arva:le on 3/26/h3. 7 isited Istanbul frcm i'raL71e twice s.alat year
z3tayin r; only a few days each tinej. SOice says he is ciranIzer of a Geraan-trained
.group of Armenians who are to croa6 Turkey to Frivan on the Armenian border, and
there foment a revolt aga i nst the U.S.S.R.

Has been in the service of the Garmans since 1941. ;'Irst recrUftedl XX 305
Caacasian pris.ners of war in order to form an anti-'ommunist,4Praaae Tar:ey Priaer
and Turkey. in 19h2. Was in istanoia frum 3/26/h3 to h/17/43 and from /4/ /411
12/4/43 to 12/15/h3. Was described In :'arch, 1943 as a . Geman of Iraen-
ian extraction, this beim; probably pact of his cover. In 1942 and 1943.
recruited agents for the S.D. to send to the Cancasus by parachute. -,-aring
his visit in Dedember is reported,tohave been aLtemi , ting to find staff for
a 3eorrian monastery to be set up in Rome which should include two S.D. aL;ents.
Is connected with Friedrdah WAGNFR and Eugen LAD. Stated to . be son of 2eki
former director of ”Surete Georgienne".
** XX 574
Considers himself chief of all anti-DolshevistsGeorgians in Europe .
(X-2 TS lo6)
and arrogated to himself the right to cliapose of all Georgians outside
7/1 -) 44
Russia . A plan was made in autumn, 19h3 'to set up a Georgian cloister
. in Rome under Vatican protection and along the :or:as to introduce two a.:;ents
.7.7! pa r I y npv —Y

Page '2 •

Recruited Akaka TCHIKLAD4and other Georgians for tbe TAYARA (qv) FY.-117 3-2
groaps. They were liined at the Chateau de R0CCCE.:07RT (qv). Kedia S-211
made them sign papers in.German, pro-lising to reveal nothing of what Paris
they learned there. After they were trained, they ret , trned . to Paris, 10/17/44
and Were paid daily 100 francs while Kedia mited for orders from the
Germans for their dispotal. They saw him in the ave Montaigne. J .I st aefore Ger-nny declared
limr on Russia, subject was ery busy looking up all the Geargians in France..an war was
declared, be called them all together and told taem they could return to the , r native land
if they would join the Germans. He'said that those who did not volunteor to .act
at first cold not return later. Subject apparently had coaplete charae ar the aeorgians
although he didn't go with them on the Tamara Trojects. TC IIIK1J2 (qv) claims that
Kedia is chiefly responsible for the Whole Tamara business, and that he actod throuh
ambition, and not through Georgian 'patriotism. He aade all the aarangeaents with the
GaTmand on his own initiative. He ;mew what was ineended with the Tamara project all the
time.'

Still in Switzerland. ncepted Soviet IS as their principc1 li;:en2—Y400


in Switzerind, upon tne . intervotIon of GUEGUETJhhOill and hOi:idaDSL (qv.) 6/46
the latter is his cousin. Very u:.n6erous.
hst DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED NY
CENTRAL INTELL !BENCE AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT 1063828
NAZI WAR CR IMES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006
C,
Subject headed the Georgian section of it 1I4L (ZeKelin), R3HA, Ta. 2037
which dealt with sebotcm and subversive operations in RUG:AR.' 9/lo/45
He enjoyed tee complete confidence of the Germans and was allowed
to direct all tne political penetraulon work. He also directed
operations out of Turkey. Lie took an active part in the work of
the Georgian National Committee, an organization organized and
subsidized since '41 by ROSENbz:nU l s Linistry for Eastern Territories
to serve what seem to be mainly pOlitico-propaganda work.
• idle

It appears that the "brains" of t!:e Cnucasian nationnlist anti- XL4 .5297
Russian . p.ovement have .taken 1filc in Jwitzerland. • The reason 10/29/4.5
for t:lese leaders beinc in Switzer)cr e. w:Ale tLey sent their •
subordinates to Italy is because they, presunmoly, intended to
intervene With the IRC at 3eneva.on benalf of the Caucasian 1,Ws
and displaced persons in Britith and nn:e:lce;: Occu;icd territory',
to prevent t:eir deportation to aucsia. 3u bject is probaciyin
•Geneva. It seems well established tbat subject - ned taken up.contncLs
' (in Turkey . und Berlin) with various Allied IS.
• mho

. Subject's internment nas been postponed. He would like to go to IN 32447


Eunich, send DJAMATIAN to Paris, EANTILIR in AITBEKOFF to Syria Barn -
and TSOLAIA to Turkey (qv all). 2/7/46

who were to keep contact with the S.D. net in the city. The principal persons connected
with this scheme were subject, Sadathierasc!mrili DASILIUS, Father Tarschaisvili '7ICHELE,
and the S.D. chiefs KILPFLER, HOETTL, R7,ISSNAM .: (qqv). Subject was to pick three novices
from among the Georgian emigrants in :_lermany and send them to DASILIUS; then they would
be reconmended to Father laCHELE, who was to be the Cloister Abbot. The three novices
sent by subject were found unsuitable and many difficulties arose...

Father MICHELE and BASILIUS (qv-Italy) came to nome in late October of 1543 20037-1028
With special German passports, issued under the approval of subject, in Rpt-Father
Berlin. • Lichele eiARSCHNISVILLI
8/15/44

ic

Was in contact with Ast II, Paris from 5 ept.1 ) 1940 on. Made trips to Fl 36, 5-123,
Abwehr II Hq. in Perlin to assure Georgian independence tn case of invasion JIGGER, A-1
Of Russia. Wanted to take over the (l eorgian government after the count .7 1 s 9/24/194h.
liberation. This was subject of/his conferences with CANARIS (qv),LAHO rSEN (qv);
and von LORINGHOVEN. After outbreak of Russo- German hostilities suLject lived
in Berlin, where, through Abwehr and High C ommand, he had direct connections
with the iiinistry of Foreign Affairs. Made three trips to Turkey and prepared
the ground for uprisings in the Turkish and C aucasian f,71:,ntier regions.
He formed a Georgian office at 6, Ave. Sully-rudhomme, fari,_. 7e:
. A ssociated with Standartenfuehrer EICKLER (u). —EM
. • Was associated with SHAT TDZE (qv) up until 1941.
-- BM
_
P/ 3 Switzerl‘ IN 32002
Bern
1/29/4o
Under impression that American ire interested in him and orrers us
tne use of his intelligence cnain. Was to nave been interned 21)146
(see IN 32447).

Subject was interviewed by q)B7; cable contains list of co teats. 31908.


4Z. dAe4( Born
1/29/46
(1.A. ,

no ether information filAtagiANy, jA A-62b67a


•1.10.45

ContinusLen_1=2_4_.

Subject's chain includes ekl 11.,-.ChArtulA, (qv), editor of '* 2153a


"Las Affaires Georgiennes- and honstantin Kooku,IDSE (qv), both 1.1X 651, 2/8/46
or Paris.. It has been reported from two sources that subject aad
his cnain are now controlled by the Russians. Both the French and Swiss are
interested in possible use of subject's chain. In offering us his chain subject
'revealed earlier contacts with SI Geneva.

OUrda',BENDER (qv) believes subject to be a Britisn EIS agent. EX b64


12/21/4b

**IN-41931
.Subject offered the Innsbruck Ukrainians his ex-Georgian contacts. Bern, 9/18/46
in Turkey (set up originally for Amt VI) This list was given to
, DBP/1 by Subject on the condition that the former makes the initial contacts. D11:7/1_,
considers Subject impulsive and insecure) fears com p romise of the STACHIV Mission, so
has submitted the KFDIA list for us to check, see cable for names. (Comment: this list
has been checked and reply cable sent #WASH 3058)
nsf

Subject was a suspect MUD agent by his fellow Georgians as late as **IN-42019,
1945. His contacts with the ITKVD are said to he Lt. !MTIANI and Hoida to Bern
Capt. (.41Jr1swILI, former member Kaukasische Verbindungsstab 9/21/46
under RSHA Amt, VI patronage, who subsequently (1946) overtly conn ,Tted with Soviet
Repatriation Mission in Austria. Heidelberg has no trace on the Tags.
Cable renly_slpfl_521ILL_ nsf)
,
'EEDIA, kichael p. 4 ** 2095a
• BX 625
1/30/46
DocuOent contains summary of info on subject. He reportedly
saved BERICZE (qv) from the Germans and the latter in gratitude •
has been finanting.suujezt for some time. Through Br. WEBER (qv)
subject met &igen LANU (qv), with thorn he now corresponds in Spain,
of the OTTO Organization in Paris, part of the profits of which
are set aside for subject. Subject, upon "learning that he, DXAUALIAN,
EANTIM and AIIBEIDIFF (qqv) were to be interned by the Swiss, .
approached the Americans for intervention on his behalf. . In return
he would turn over the'usU of his Georgian intelligence network,
with its outposts allegedly reaching as far as bescovi. The Bern Office
mho' . has received several warnings about . subject's being
a Rlssian agent. •

Subject and .TSCrITA (qv) imalcated in R7PP-71C 7ission in France. OUZ-294d,


• 4/12/46
ATTA:VatENT TO YEDI/. 1 5 47DE 1624CIRF,

PIN WHC WILL BE OEFUL FOP WOTK 07.31VOL

Iv. THE mcw •Abwehr 11

10 Professor HeiZ ZAITrACK Lte in the Reserve


2. Sagineer GAME Oberleutnant in the Reserve
3c. Dr. MARWERT Oberleutnatt in the Reserve.
40 Docent NAuNaNN Uberleutnant in the Reserve
Professor CBERLODhE Capt. in the Reserve. erofetsor
IA the University of Prague
O. major von URLAR Cadre Officer.

The leader uf this gcuttp, Colonel FRETTAa, who 'as Also a


friend Of ours, cummitted tuicide-on_tne_20th. july 144. Thereafter the
took tue rest Of the grou0 in hand and appointed another chief
who' organized the kidnapping or musrolini.
. .
IN.TRE SS. kSection SD ANT V1, gronpe 5).

1. Dr.. WAGNE9 Former journalist, who was an


..Anti ■Nazi.in 1,40 in Paris and
who nelped mm saTo all our Jews.
He also knew of the affaire-Jnra.
2. VON SUM/ •

3. Ca p t. DENINCHAUS

Lt. lnthe Reserve, an an anti...


• • "4 :MOLE
.17azi from an.uld.family,

..1.turmbohnfuhrer..Dr. H2VCEL*PT • who•also.came.to paris in 1,40 : and


helpMdmO egreitdeal in Jewish.,
4uesti0nei and later in Berlin
durin • My struggles With the
Georgian Nazi group.

o. Dr 'SCH116.01VSKI Forner'nmyor or,Tilsito

IN TAE . ss: ILO ANT


ill these three are now with the
' . 1..CrOppenfuhret•Dr. WADWER Division and' -marching
Ukranian
Sbersturrlahnfuhrar Dr. ARIT westwards to , surrender tu the
:3..Stapdartenfuhrer D. WOLF -
Americarre
DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED BY
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT ION3B2B
'NAZI WAR CR INES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006.
1. yrotersor V eal ?ME A man %ho haa Lever bee; a member
of the Fart) : I cannot say enough
of tne service rendered to all of
us. Am;ng hie niny collaborators I
will only cite'

20 WALTER Urn.
3. DR. HUM
/N 7HS tIENEHaL HNADWARTBMS OF THE VCI=EERS LEGION.

1. major 7OLLE:3 Chier or tne Headquarters


. 2: Lt. OM, IVIEKEL Chief of propcgonfla .

Ir ThE•ISHRiaGHT PROPAGANDA.

1. SondelIuhrer LuDErizEr

IN THE :WAtEEN AMT

lo Lto Colo PASSAU' • In th Warren Amt . tbis man .played a


big role, -and knows Orerytbing .
about the manufacture . ofGerman arms.

2. HA.RALD • His friend, a Brezilia*Barkkero aas-


in constant. relations the Anglo...-. •
• -Saxons in , ordeitO proiótai .
ceSsatiOr(of:hOstilitieSpecialist:
in-iniarnati, onai:p4itical . amdf:: . •
sacionomiuestionii.

'IN'THE FOREIG14:OFFT2E.

Dr. KLEIST • who dispaired - ofaver. arriving at an


underatandine with thelTesternpowera
'amd . undertoOf peronal discussions
stoCkh olm■ :: •
Ministerial director, smd-standarten«
. fUhrer in the 1S . he was oupported by
. the Chief of the rAD'EALTENBRUMMR.

Also•among our frlenda we have General HC FITANN, commander of Igftgau 111


-11° :irjs'Ebat2

a'41ite iukr;-.1.chs) - Ce. Lrahnt

- CzoLtie
. • Gultral Schun(tl'uk.

• Eh .1;a1ic •

Deux . Civiscbons du Oaucuse .


.W.0 1./bLa 11

To z.ezzo • . . , l Dou • 1E, ine.j.or


...itt..ele....•
. • ()Ural
.4
Paluzio: - Refucies Ualtbasiens. 1L;Ocivil3.et 4.0p;.; soldats:
•.„ dont'Sicheruncitpa. KAibr:korr •
• . .

.Un
Un bataj.11oa du C4UCaS0 • CL.21tv.izu idjia
. •. • • •

-Tin batailloniGeorL.Len OanItalhe Dadiani


SS. .diviiionGeorGtenne • (i00 ..11.01.41.E.a). •
S. division-Caubasimitc Golotsi TouluxiCze
.1."..erkeitan - • • J...dezbedjun....
..... . . .
_. .
---.,',A1).:.pari.e.mark-.•
•' , . •.:. ..- .. .... • •
...ä115Org-s. ..T.Eregi=e:nt • O a
c ucasien.- -...•.Gep,-,koolucavIll'..,,
• :::...:,":'•..',
. t 1 eta
.•, , e -• tfieatinti.:dU ,Votilt

Oe.l'hice Un bp.tailion... de Geoivien . (&.30 1.1claes)'•


• •. • . , . . ;•..: ,, . -
. • .,_.. • .
• .4‘..Qt....-
--.toreesedykdirigt-.1V,VainisterivaPrf...-Vo
• 5?..-eu'Ve_orme;",..15éi rau: Dasebur
'aeideri
• •
achette a 1t frontiere'Sdi . sse ,

„.
rita-;is lei. libIxitairi ••
60 . 'DLit. e Turkestahs 7
4 bat, Tartares-
1.div,
0ECLAiiInE0 AND RELEASED•BY
. CEN1 . RA .I. 1 .N.TELL 1141
V . CE A01 .14 •CY.. :, •
SOURCESAETH0.0$
. WAR CR IM E S
NAZI ,
DISCLOtIIRE ACV.
.DATE 2001 20108
.6.9 • Ak,,t
41,4 C-t-t-fru4t, 141 4,k44,4.4.e.
tja4,444.0.-e_.

kabtat A , tfr144- ki4-44.,/ a. 6-5-


/7e,t4.,„. - a

9 stati- 4RA,14.- RA PPE (cift-f-wki ttg k4


r-KcAej

IA) gusx kaivivstit: C4-14 e A/4-e I 11 A pr


( er.4.ir & ert ff.( iterlit-
CEA44-5 ost) frk4. vai(k,s et eet-
ze“Atato: Att4. R 444,
z) Ibut.fa.fApAut, !al Fo p

k. W A /YE k
C 9ete4:.( .ilatrk- ye A- t

• ir 4 f0

liTA■trkt, N. 7 C TE RS

VA', O we R A t? s

SCR D iGo-t 44:4 fitAt


6AAr-4.4.tzi,. (7 .

3e4ex;vt. ' Ai-. 3. 0 p)


iAlf4A;4

.teAlAt. LCaA (irtruA

4-frrt,41

4.144 0-44...44-t
FCR DZE
e nulsGa. •
L.,

rec. \ GE
v"V. . •

riuyl-ond 4tait u j erV leo de la SD *3b .DOTTAI dont le


bureau principal se trouvait LIL7..13 pendant l'occupetion de la:
Fr ..ne C etait la GEZTA.P0 all en.E..nd e' • de la France du Nord: Il' VO -C-
curait princi?aleraent de la repression des RMISTANTS et rrit line -
part tres active cl: ce travail. Aprh 1' evacnation *de . l Princ"oi::par,..:
les fore d., oceu-6ation all erona es il se dirigea a.vec son service
en Ii01.1.AND3 atIX environs de ii.X11=.:. 11 rezta le.-Vas 2 =is et vint
tre. vailler B12.1,DI. Tou'jours dar.s le r. 'Le cervic e,i1 s t ocCupait de
la stun* ei llanc e et des rens eitnerlent a tout articL1ierent &ins lei
I 1
milieux françis berlin.ols et dans le milieu : ail . etand_ . .
sureekT:OsEibles Li trava1l_dt dons U c e service en: ten.ps."
• - .
employe, civil et non railitaire. A-.1r es la constitutiogdii :CO'
-
FRISCAISfisotis la tresidenCe de 1t DORIOT,onme

. ear .ati un:- off icier S3,prcThssJ.r Pierre


.:.Q.UMTGY;'qui:i
. ,. dariS
etait nome chef de la police et Tea. 33
IC. G1,2071: devait trave.iller en collaboration avec
c ett e date'.'

_J
Ii sat 140 . d i anviroit 46 a 47 allasaitast in giorra actualle ii feimait parttp
du Perti Alational-Ditnocontique georgien.C iest un pare bourgeois et nottement an••
ti .;,socialieta•Son programa* . est a pen prire le eSsm • quo oolui du izgu•tilioain
dm =c41:: HiLrin en Itaaco. . /
• . .
Avant lagust
' rre 13. =wit i oessopagno trio violente dons lo Tournal * Gomm
gio.( grouse ) it dans le journal rues .11 Canoein g ( lOrv) ( cii etaiemt akilis •
as-Parie) oontre lee socialist-es • it lee Mandates georgiena.

•• and los All 3 ocaniirent in Trans* at Parte 11 so fit onerster


neat Nationaliete s .Connaiesant bias in league ii devint le= bane.
et quit leur wog. to. (=fiance.
tic
• - •
On .eait quo dons lee comps do oonoantration • allonanda pitrireiit t‘triiitat •
do in fain Ame contain. • do nilles : d.'Prieonnierse 1. rout. dos iericOmistors•
giorgiena 11 y out convent defame 4..1:art:aria= ea-tribe. Oland' les . Allszalan" todaveb
latenobrent 4 . rserutei dans lea .compi pour lours butt, nilitaires, ave. lee Riasenst •
lea anti-nation/aux. lee Georgians, Xmas lee aida on donnant : oensto motif Wen 1..
feisant 11 eauvetit.16 vie do -ace : cant:at:dotes it faisait &twit nue coma. patrio.•
Uzi. .0a dit • quo be Allemande .appelaitint Milne lour 1 Illammovi .. •
• -
Cez dit -t Esaait ea etait tier— ote . grace a we relations. Me* lea
il . emeorait d eentoliorarr is 'sort doe •Clocirgiono prisonnierm-; truvailieura, :;2;a4-
changer do lgur situation sti o.malaves ( Osterlisitor) on takevai.Llsors titraeactareles.*er
.. Haim 11 be . put rien rousair dientoott. affair.. "••-••
. . • •-• • .. •• • • . . . . .•-
• X0414 cibeetcrait /mgclemant. do 'manor . um propaganda mationiliste ,parnk les . stria ..
•eanniere • deorgione vonant :do . 1a.Rnasie Bevil:41qt. •oomptant aiesai,d • an fiii do s
pctrtiantia • •Les Allemande no is lui pernettaiont pas MX ile.itaisnt lintireamits dans
be Inatanilitairoe et pas done lea affairee patriotiques georgiennos irazolie•:

Agiand lie Allanazde: Ouppreohaiteat',.da Ganesse etlionialant y ito6,


titeiClais
io 66eid4rent d t avola; doe. Goorgianirinta.-.pritelei . 'guidekti: at • ocanaisensit
route s. 'et'ln • idiom tion intorieurs' de.'in Georgie olake '41114san4m airaiesit- prongs:
;roam . 4u6;atee•: . iiterperiatom it . guide a . 'nel..partaratoict. pee 1 e tt/X=1w ot rostaraient
"Moils at `loblieereitt : 1Ctidia de lee eider :darn sotto affair...
, . •-••• . . ,
•• . Triadia itononer ,. recrutor . interpret.; 11 'ot guides . ;and 505: • parti5an5 •
idni : dais ae coupe ma - trouverent ((galena nt sea adiermairea . idielogiquem , qui do
..idarenti IMO foie • en .asergie: de :riecatir a in pOpttlittia . • coal Win • m 'eat ;wolf)*
Um- 1 'Ailment' den. lea pas :41 Maw.. t , on none tape . 11 'organiser la...
boa un nouvanant :di ise siotanao clopitst.á. s • de . conqua. allemande. •
.
itiaus plans
.• . • •
. . . .
in Allemande Wont . pas tonu low) parole . v'ile • avaiont donno'Ne MCIAia.
•Quand cos boiedisant intirprite .o . •t . guideo arriverent en•actusanie las .allestande lee.
lambillirrent en unifonaa• it aosecencitrent A- lour dormer nue 'instruction militaire.

°Los inparpAtee et guides' omaPronent qu'ila. 'etaient trImap;* et prie par for
•oe opemane6rant A ainulor'toutee aortae de . maladiene . at rantrarentlientot . de nu
y eau.de Roumania ° '

• ••/
Ii taut soulignor quo proms tout oo grove • d!izatotea et /vides * neeiw
taient cumin volontairos dawn 1 1 42niDe rrenialen Cebnt de la pont eztre
Prance et l t Alleningno et y Itiaient revIda juaga l a Veznintles. Cola' xisPountrtlni
reason% ous Goa volontairee stalest nottenent:troginniddlen et L i m:tient ousts*. .
hostilit6 iaatre i.e Tranestia. Ls imps 1 41 11 .4/eat re eni iilia s.. ir tie virldat
et tamenralllerenti pentlent pint:inure* twat& I.
.• . • .
Ca pat dire nue shoes en fireur de Eittial':Itindilf: ,,tna : Artzoil cdrarleiva*
•mite georgibaial mini* leyr vie et les eitailtai!diPire":deptorteSill' Waoe
l t aide d enn dertent aiiAC oonveinere led *.ititt*Are
doeseitatiten'illaitnitle
qua lee Tara Georg:lona appartioaont i la sesta lee estreleles, et mat pezr,.eold7.•
eevent arrows et nttint rion de comma eves Ion ifitpntiton.:
• •


$ T.1. k• yrit. ttemAs , Je:1/4,14 piu A....4,4# /.14c4ti-

:
tr, •

AprAn nor. i.rriv66 A Feriin,cranRn.cerlt!nt 44,5je C111E4

a114 ch .bz •• v, 1vM.Sach q. TSTATA a


ih1 TX 2 C rvAts avons cu unc
converss.tion eur . .ma situe:tion.
•. . Etarct donnd que Y . .Kedia• et. M.Peornala samient que 'tai
j par- •
womt
• ti rail.! pour rien.7ager volontairer dans I ar.t6e -allide -; it ' a
•tOut, : de suite dit quo- i i 6tais revann••pour- accomplir une mission pour
une nation allitie BOit bour len Anglais t ine An:Aricains leo Fran-.
bze..avriAvir"
cais. Toi 5' al r4rondu affirmativeront yer-e-re*tea+er• qu i ils • 44 . .1'I5Trt -
rnt! di'mon,oe. raient...-. .:(, cznais,itais., vau .:contrs.ire
, •

• . ..• •
pourrais' ‘ Uttendre beauc:sup . a'. aide- et de protection vu leurn . position
. .
et leurs rela.tions
,V;;DIA. ent la iioe4r4s1dant U ,..3ouv. ernement national .. !.
Trje,
-
,

Géorgien Ori" Allemagne rcor.r.0 effic par le (1-onvernement


)14:.ast aebr
• • •

llemarid. .11 n'. est pas du tSDAP


• •

.
•••••••'-...:*.tiori • faIlemand -e', $D;SS. et • 'Fiehrniaciit iaaie
diPloicat.ique officiel de taus le orgiens; auparavant'your7t-b-ut*:::,-7-::.
les,: ..occup aintcinant ait-uati.on neulemen.t?POiii
"'
,...d • •
• .• • • ••••

• •-
g
E la.

; •chevique et eiiVo2., da.ns .1e Cauc as e, fai.o de;_


nag .dontre les.:2oviets tant dn- xia6: r, e ieinb.re.•
organi5ation . .2_11arlEulde,:e;; .. dlorio n.' • a 'pan •le- P011voir - de faire lea pa-7:
• .
• • piers :. niS.COs.saires . "1: : ce a. . " en.4-".'pOU•r: t ravr,a:gne itk11eae ,
bie:n pat . 16 turr.viie. afec tnx:que -II •
• 4st done .en cotact! : Constant . aveC . le REICiII;;;ICItRITT,ITS-::
• •• • , .
1:;!..I.r.ri•42 et le SD, Abt VI .qui B .ocoupent . .de ces.tra.r.5fert4
II cot tr6s.. compr6r,ens1i-cle vu : sEi poson et son •tra.-L..,..•
kvail,r.c.kairczq, ru11 zit • et • •ait •tou,j(y..Irs . 8 id • 1 ,, a' Jiiifs •
11 a fait lirvr a Paris •1.'.occlzpatier..„ 25C' ..12.ii±s4e,...ir

• r .f...to.ir 1 e t r khe rirt as 1• •


.jau.o.c) ,que A.11.t.mr-.-...r.(18 aiet aioo p bescin
sano6.; si•Ir !;')Isl.14 e.% ",1:. leo r.: 41o= 0
•. auL:nse,
qu' Al soit to t;•t!..- 1.te pe: connalits du 3ouvernfzent .
Alle:land. put avoir un exemplc cur Gas id, s es 4jnt1-hit14riene vu
connaissait personnellement la plupart ' es p n y or n al i 'tea dui.
prirent part au coup .1' 4tat Ii et a rioter que on
' leur ami en Allenagne - ! t g it . le comt ..! rchulenburz qui fut pehdu

apre oet te a ire..


•. •
• Vu 6a-pOsition et en temps . qu i 4tranx,er,repr4aentnnt d ,peaple
• •. .
'dmigrd reeonnu par le orm it4 • Ians en e ntet la Croix itOuge Internatl o-. •

4tait le ....tile pt. rsonne qui sou:- .• un convert pouvait faire let

voyage en . SUisse e rece .7c1r mar la ':roix :iou tz,e Into rnationale le visa
d'entr4e en Suisse .lors lu g IR vica (le a r. rtie tIe3. 1 .111ema gne lui.. a
• •• .. .• • .

•d vd • procurd
. par lee perso:inalit4s -mi. ..5tlient e.'accord av.ec 1d. et . . • • , :
. . . .... .
...ccr...ri..,aiSaai
,' ent 1.... but prir.ci.pal. Ia. s -,n Voye Ea , • ! ; -,: .:.
-..‘.:
t.i.:`.1,,-.,..: .:. i :.• : :.: La cause prineipaIe de son voyage en Suisse est de :se:/nettfe s. 'en, -...c..;.

,.;:-.... • Col
.' -1-t: a t . iiiitii• izzilicit e.Ve 0 I 'a, a 1! ,-. :.5ii 6 al ns so: it aved ' lea: . An gl ars t p .our PO:i.i.7::7.0,:i.t.. •

si tuat i on d ea Gcio?... p.-ns se .troUvants •- dans lee pays


• 4'

01) Pa c' nu!iis .ne soierit . pas livr48


iS au ils soient . trait46 CO01.1771,11 onniers
- • : : _ : ••••
les %•'. ri.C o in oit fait avec :les
• .•' • • armee. 45'fitt -6 scoliane avec les2ori-
_ =••
:• scr_nicrr. r.-t, les vis.-P randais par Ins r:u.s..ses.
, -
11.•••tst,. a bublioue ;nut. •les rriiiite.rs

Conflt t •:0:1 bien seltlement
• d ter:slim o. 1-,• xf. s r,r! s d .c.7,19rrt er.f:,:•ff, 2 'e.us d' uzze , artT.

tt.ttal-t.
t I nu.e A t la rniestie!n :301';;:.. •

• ri , r*: , frcnti;:.re.s ir!s

, e11.- d . .
tcw ti la /.14d:ittrisa-t'i...f.:!•.,....•

. . . .
• sf, • -• • .• •

•• • ".••
••.., • -t/fk,tA.4.•ii •• ..•. •
.•..„ ; • :•• • .• •
,•
• 7.• '
..!4 I lir ', t.CLVC.:1] ,:.-••••
• • •

• •••• or'.ritre

: P^ '"": r.trsc,':na1...-.5.-_.

Tay::: =al% L'a7.-ince dad

aino 11s 1,411r f•-lro.t

u arcet ovi. 9,•1

3e tro.o.-a }•:;‘, ..At in: on'

cHAw .i. 7i;Tt , 10 , ctV.apir r1, 'CUE? ifr..-.2V.F.VE.

h al,-of...r des p .mryr1e tirm . p-trsonrali tor.


•,
az...f.ricaine• :et •Du fIcIer. Purl seryi.c....

•oopf1. ” a . -iro
t n "±t g. .t.'"
w's.ro ,r_n•c A

. • -.que Y.% ,..dia est uni nr! Tlrix avoir


mieve. „ •

f al . 71 . le Q .
- . ±• . 2. • , • •:
• : '
• . .

7ernait rat: tet:ts que czent 'tai s conme rseritarit
• : • • • •
• • : • • pc:aple t't:TtiFi r4 ii.all-tot4ll"4...r.ri.).nall'i:••=1 de le.. ..(:7-;;6'

• ,
. m.xedi.a a be au fs our. rret, t4: que

.:•-•.:Cilins: et . non ...Our les /..nglb.iri . ,i-a. qu. e,..:tes drn±rstztt .beauoup,
••• : ; -*: •••••-. :::::',.. „ - s. ,: •: : ::: . • ;.:: '...::.'::.: :.•: • • -... : :•:::::::;.::"..':-•:,•::.;:•''''.;:--;1:•:',.. • .. • , :::::: -...-:":`...'....
.,:•
. p."111 2. .: -G"..-tst;;"":-.."..ts. s''...e-t conr,ci
...- ....::::.',.!: ..„.7.7•-•!•: ..........:::•:.: • ....: .., . :: —ia's - eni •6......atiCoup. ..r.ielltx .286.. ,:pro. •61:To ..m S •,i.-..;......'1ei..,., t ..:•:,-..,..:
•:......:•::::...:', .'. - ::".; : :: ••••• •••,,•tbi::•:::•••:•.-.r..::::..,-.‘i.....,.....,., i...• ............ : , , .::: . :....... . . .„. ..,,,,,,.....,...,.,,,,..;:
..s...• . •*:.:: . ..,•-•:•;::.. :-...., ...': •••::::::••••::••••••;:; • , ". , '.,::::::::;:"'!."..'::
..• "•••:".i:''..,•:: -••••••'• :••••••,;:.:i::.:.':A.24:...:.•:::-t':::.-;,i:6:
6O
:•::::rifl.1:t6 :::;.',:i-riac::,::...•:7u61?p,i...
I0 en ...%iiir.ot)e, ,: yu..'.3u.... ...:::•,,.E1, -.7.-tc??.,....7,7:.....:.,...e.-, ...... , :::::.j..4':•-:...-.';.•
'. ';.:.:7.:..'...:......:?. :::?.i....';".:Z....',.....:':7.;..1.:::::.:......',........? , .-.;:,... .'.':::::::::.......‘ :: :...:::::.......; ... .. ::.;::-..:.......:,::::::,...":.....::::...... ;..; s'. .: . . .y...."-.:,::. .:`
' .:' . ,: . ......;;;.1..:1": ...,
... -O-etlis•,-.13 .e a . .iii. :•':•_11i:O z e.ne. '..e ,..-)u,-, :ri-O-te, eti.61:1.•:_bri..6r- ......in.it-.,..ite::;d6T-en.d......Int.,.7:.;....:;9,...,,,,.
. .....'..::::.: • .::.:.:::,.;,::...'i.f,.:::, .‘......,... -..:•.' ...:-, :,.: • ........:........ -• . - ,..,..... •-•:;: ': ,.,....... .f....:. • ....;;
, .. • . . . , . .., . .......::::-.::.:1..;:,...; -:.,.i..:?...':'..::;::. ....::.....;;::'....... .... ., - .,...• - • . ::::: :: .,
.... conflits: '• • •• .•-•-::::• . . . . . : • • • •.•
. . . . . . . , . . . .

-LR rvi rsortnis:qui. p r en6rt:-oortac i..: avec . Y.:1:e dia: • au hara df,s
•• - - • • , ; • • : .e.! 2 : • , : •
: vient "entcy.ti par ...ize:s:•±••enc'el..".nez.er-zd rt .` d t.-rra 7
• •

. aicorker .3-2 .re lettre dr.1.1mo TedS I iiribitit

rzt -rioC iui tti cia r; ixic 11 Et cutt. a gut toUt .t : •

1'afff-tire Vj t Cie T.Oi 1! .t non de le. :3--5.:1acC.. • . .

cd j- est 1 iut r pc.s:rib17.


• .
y en:: r cent-e :p 3.2' le

- :QJ4 dt 'Leet , ^ edec .-arlan .et citant 'conn4..?-1.• Paris pa:rmi%.!.10sY:..—.-

. • (...yl-tFe que 1 °lie?, . • :

. I, 1 11 .r.- •
• • •
• t-L-1 r.. .

•. • . 1 .• ; •
i';1*.n.t1'e I tr , 7 ,A. * .ei c - N ,7 a%!'''

•e" 7 r1- "e?

!•:. :-r.-.:-.: l'vine cis

11 a r . ••• •

'8"1.11 '‘flr 2. .4,7.1

Y.;7Adia se tro..1:vA Ict,;,1;1,;:rt Dri,VM ewqr...ttriOtn,

Y,C1-iAWIC:.7,7; LI ,10iev ,V4.1,ET

izmade t arofr de s :)-;urniirlers avec iire personnal t4

aL-.6richine et non ave.:: lin mmpllyl . .11; ofrloier . 1'1)6 se r-fit-

coliql ) 0 . intni rertlit 74en


"
...-que Y.% .7:dia es: urr terspnne r7 I nrs.lum•nt • re • vel:t k al;cun prix.avoir
• .. ilk al'Ire
.k tai ' .(...\C un e pers...,.... e si.in c_i il' ..p.rt ,Inct. 11 ra. 'ri c.na.r...vitp..7'.4.:1 ne ...

•-':::.;•••••....••••••••..•••:verr.ait • Cas tn . te.r.ps que O.,7.7.r.7:,- 13 comme- . rt.::: r5sentant . a ',.:17,ord .(3 ' un •
r•:'. . ••.•:.:•;:•:•....-:.., •..• . • . . • • .. . .
.. ."•'''...::•• . 7octuple ;.1;r21...;r4'.e.t. (le liaitteiirtrs .rwnalit z s' r.it 1.E.- c.: -.), ; : S .. et .'.iri3HP.Y.P.:.'::(2. •
. :"..2.:•:.:,:.......;..s...,17,;.-•."-•. .
. . . . ...,
.."..''''''''''. • ' ''' ':••:.:..14:Itedlia. • a: •- • be43.1.7kCloup re p ie tt 4; que -,Je • ••:traVaillf:tis.- .r.f.s.u.r. les ....ilzet6.r.d.:••• ••••••'•-••
fi,10
,,•••■:•,,,, .sont • ... . :7........'...•:::,,
: . •• ...:.•

6-aille.',..et.....non: ...our-.:ie s'....A.cglai3.'vrt..que.:-.e..s -...d•zrniers ._ i-t. 41.te!/it ..be.a.uc.bup...;••••:::;',..::..,. .,.


.2.u.s"•:-iirt...K-e.. -,.--:.:6s
.. e t : .. connaissent 1-,eaacoup
: .....;•..•..: . . , . itie 76.x les: p.robl;triies
. . et' lee-- ':.: .... "
•.• . .•. . ,
• ••••. . . • • ,.-...,....,..... -... . . . . . .
d(). nfli ..ta'ctAvet...Icis -.7-.tsses •en •-,',-ur..ope.,vu. lue-tis. • et.3t4me. z.es .t t tells.. les.......- .

e 'lats.' •-FJ.t-fiFj ; •• iiaitOp .....eria . ' ...•;:o7a:: p .rOte ..r.tiCia• ..britamii .q ue. ..: :. d 6r, end en-t ••.d.e.....•Oser;•:•••':'.....e

plris'onne: j.'i''.rvirntac.t c, vec : aU.nora d..- 7trndri.-


Estin8 !ie.y.'ru... dire 'il vient . tnroy via 7.
'rip1.T1. ter 1.:ne flcttre'• rme. Ted . ia habit . A
Tariss te . 7.%-edia. confiance;ot, 11_ saui-a - gut toixf..:
•• •
; • - • , • , . • • •-•
' . • , .
l'effairt miA t non ;JT 1U

y . -7.',Wedia ...1',.!,.:or61N;t!19. an
. . • .• ' ,
. _ • .• _
•i:pr.1-!•,p_ur P le

O U . 0nar an' et. tan .: -t .ro n sr IT1 I m s

Ic:,..,Jr2,1(:q obslantmnt fafrc te


. : .

"I1.!le : fat.t pa tI 9 1 6t:Ir_r.nr ,in tLtR cau.tions mais .,•


I'
oins rrudent pccsirin cans toute• on ttn

slalti . .s 'Ilir eint ant : :.!.en Mi?, Hero • de .1'A:750


_ ,111ns marldokt • au ra.::.en t. h • ert
..,;:.'',:,';';'..;.;•- '• .::',:......,;-. - • :. . . . .
•:'.... %.. 'fiq r. Il est h noter nn ,swtre qU A lix re',:n r, nnes -:-D,rofe3Seui-sifc,r, Vende.q,-

• rbto sont en ,1 1.1 .--ria rr•c •• et F rve.come


r.t. oti-i;zes ri:::-.r;ta du Gotiverne-
it. ituteA, .
• me.vt a21e14:An3 au ons % JtAtt ne revientirnit .in : 41.11 voyage.

_
.. : Les 2.-enseigne:7,ents. que ke n ia p-ut ap-;ort .nr me sont compltement.

;•• • : .inconnus mais .oeux assit.z. e.r d oe.-.z7 iw.e je

a 2s plus hFo.,t P s cui exicter.t en 413enr..igne. e..; ocr.nai-t.


• -
tous
conf 7.; .ex.,,.sttr,t ...i•-•

•• •• V.,n •:ferivos.et n t..


• ..

je.one:.
:•.' ' • • ' • g:,
-Sant" Ci..3.O7ne1:nfnen.e-L7:7:1‘3ia,je

;le Clae•;,:in an y: 3.• fiarparlers moms arriveronif


s. •
de °hoses gun totItt. autre -personne -e'; c , a.sap. .s e
• .


__„7: 1•

• -
. r-

11 , Wt..%

• !'curn1 7.ar

. .

.Dimanohn,le P Avril,jA 1111:1 g .parti V.AC :-.77)34 et le professeur

• Dr. VC T; FF,IC 7F-3 de -6 -11:11.3,7 en voi tot cE. pour 7 (DITTP,T4D(Ii.Floh


Sc trouva tine pa:tic du :41nis .tere ie I'Ect,evacu6o de ne..rlin,et

. quelques Voriel.s. .opms •af,p Avil:4E(1


it
la nUit e t scnt i..artio lundemiir. lptl, s==idi.tr.ucars en . voiture,t

.en direction de EAD axonlc). M.Yedia et ac nrofesseur Ton'


iende EXxim - fair.
cn. les rour7,arlers avec rie2 off 4 ciers du
-ABWENR,ce qui duza or.vir.-,a 1- heure e ja pa.:17.711: Cans la vliture

. : dehors.. Loreque tout -Cut fai,V. ;s7ed1e. est sort-5 et s'ast entretenu•

. sevl evec gvA l the distnt que tcue les pariere allaient*etre termi-

:ndS: dans quelques . instants.

Ii 's ' agit . .d.''abord 'd l une Dienstreisebeschainigung


. D our..7RT,'
R7TI
-•
. - - . . ::.- 2 ....:
. . .

.et d':Uhe lettre 'perSoanelle s et screte de reCc.rmandationauprs
• 0: .. . : :
.
. . . . .

. : du 'pr.6fet.
. de .pOilde d:'Erfurt; !.::redia.7..'a conseilld,une This arrivt:*—
• .
lignaa am4riC alke 6 tout seul :: dans la •m4sure . , • -

pr6fef7ffe . police . parce

Us: d arrive r: au. .out at d ailleurS


_ . _ pour. Aviter:que

. • ,•.
pour 71111;77:: (,- asvrie Aprs (141riar:t.. 4i recru une . "oharnb re. 45.arip•
,
- .
• -
.la rnaison.de la qui .4tait ' au'berge, "Iezidhe.t./itr , cix je

htlit

T.e landernaln matinonardi le 10 avril, je. UiS 2 ais ti 1..ar le train

1.;.:;:1°I;RT e . fuLioii ce ci,rer - ie tradn..environ lix f Cis .et ,


. •

.s . voydr6 tou7;e . la journ .ie et tcute la . nuit,j p .nU:c arrivf,' ±m


men-redi le ll :. avrii a h tatin.D Jena pris. place

• 7,:ne cw.nibn io d -, ehrIcht et !314's a , riv %/ere 9 h.


De 'ff(lim . 8.= 50 szji.; 4mtr.:1iatemcn-t . en -hrection d'„Erflirt.

A.F,r f,art la
r-

encsro.litflinh 7rtr I P 7`;,:71 zt


res lar it do or! q bajAl le
.:tfdent c.!.:11rr. IA

Tcsition %rn..rt ih >villa


du cOt:5'eno .7,r5 11.re rcst-A L dire . r,Nutes::rfurt-?fe.imar.et
rensej4:11 4d-sreystuvi tu • paye ter.. positftons. hprrrmimitivas.
s tro . T ,?s na±:rer.lir.,,,cLilment. les lignes
( 4 km. d . ::;rfurt irwr. dtas
sni;)rii ,.rlossins At Les

.mands:HA„p4s 16 j'al.fait con'


avec.
4.7rcr.is . 1.4" sLIZ4aL solc:its
Oontinnalent lour chemir, a-,.-,res la priE. ,3 villege,me fais'ants passer.

dur'un_travailleur civil franc q is 1.ine,d65-heirre tpresA`Ar.


- -
tais une un offieier'r= z ricain . lui o se:
ureau

de .G-2. Apres m'avoir rdpondu ne s. avs:it pas et,
• .. • . .
ant renseignd que ceS so1datsi1i4rice.1na a•dtaient
51d e 1 rn 1 arz, le 1age aveq-les.urison

• , _
autre , part ,2 avais cue la trOiSs.ari4e
: . • .
..int saiitna-Lan g.:ensalialhaustmf t,oren4eil.p .ment e;ua .j'at
• _ '

AtIantiRseh j er lendumain,le1.2.airrii,vera midi,tpre


vdlo . sU s.4ss
-
l'ei hde Y LAnf.,,: eaaalza: per :3611wernornet h Mie1hu,n 'a1 vu liz ;re-

la 3.aride . .fl est h remarluer .q ue j'ai pu


;derriere 1ei . lines ,
bbtts.allemandesikk ma

lotteet
• •••• . mon r-I volver et mes papiam dU et du:SD.sans

.o ntr i4 par 1e.L Arrivc:Irielbausen .)kr m;);rfirifl:;

se.21 le PC.
-:
exT)1,i'!u4.ce-r.le
• . .
ux soldats )11-1 enn-offtr:i?:z.ma .-2.1.7.r.r)aition.not:r
• u!, so tTo . -4:-ilt A Tdtlj!-T,F- I A,

:1')urela ccuc-officl,tcl1t aur•rs


_Zaoccrt BE:ITIZAILleader r

Le 17 uv.ril ZWMG-114.!:114:t1 . &t. aitt• monte: de me .voir pour::


•.. ses Seirvices,, je diriseais-.1% conversAton •ur
question ' t, • :or,-,ienne dc;nt morals clue „Ion interiooute:u.r . est.;
touj ours int (Cr esi.
De la conversation sorta _ueI.Rmctu tait intérn C. 1940 au -
c'euirp de Vernet veo Beritza qui fut un des lei:dors g.e7.
• orciens en FrEule.e de ooncert avec I.:X.ichel Beritze et.
Rameau
. • sont devenus -1.:.Kedia a fait . 11.)4:r. ex; BeritZe. ••,- sous

•1 occUpat•ion 'nde 1941. M.Borltze rests. •junqu aoiit 1944
et :France: lacuelle quitta pour. la Suisse. Ii doit kre . tree:?
atRA
*antinazi avoir . prtifit4 &iormenientde ses relations al144`...;';
......
=aiidV. en gaenairt ,.• ....des ,. millions de francs 44:-.p. ar des affaireifyiebl•-- -
".. .:•.••• .• .:*'•:.....::...-;: ••:ct)
-71...: .• . ---I --.„' -:. ■'. ■-,. e :-.,•-•,. . , . .
il Per euse i.,'••••6-o- ''transfera*ta: tamfiev en : Suisse. ....,
■!;;BEZI.TZE::etait. apies . la guerre
. de 1914 ie del egtie' ieftirgrilic6 '
la Soc ete'es
des
Nations a .Geney.e*:••
s netalida . des' qiieS-tioitia7::.pétroli;'0...ites'.
t.te pro f onde2 . :ji. iii.00::'qiie .0 ?.„
aiiSub'sli scfeS 68:',•quand'Il•
qUe :1,1:Beridze -;it- ea des int' er s persOnile11,2ie
ans . a:.•regioli': ,• ,p eirOlifi ere CailoaS A' C tUe11•44ent

aveo:Aa-,faraille • LAUSAIMB
. Ou :4.Rairleau 1
. „ .
Fa-, SOuv.ent
. reaioon- ; - •

tre.:114Balieati eSt' •le fond' potivOr de k.Beridze a •Paris


oecup é de son ' epp'art (neut ., etc ...1:.Reneau.. est Pr;t de me • faire .
voir la lettre çui contient le plein-pouvoir.
Ii est: a sUpposer quE.- 'Ideildaiit. son seour en Suisse

sera en tOuc.116 .avec : M.Btridze qui . Vailleurs do ct


)eroorinel du F,eneral 6165: dc suisz.---e, et de
f• •
dircctt.ur ',j-our,.;1):..1 de C•cnevc't.
,
.qua posl tione (late 1 P'pr s avlirill r5t6
in-
j) r ita. .1c f:TC n' x tant pas 1
1a :.:aule qu :11 aval t le faire
me trunsforter en ari14-tt
dtait de Iartir Avec len nrlsonnit-11 .. f:u P rr .! :illemanda7 ce
je fas comm un prfsonnier de guerre v9rs t'74
t mnsporte. en ca=ion avec les prisonniere de guArre dane un c
. • .- • . _. • .• - •
•. rastembl6nta Tttiet,. inx 'envir-Int= le /ere 22 h • dn so
tout le prisonnier rt trAns torte . en. cci nvoi • et aprbsum
.de7.. )14u17es , nous 'sommas arrivc. Kirollhe fon dans - up gr4n cL:d.arn
E. ráethIet.
• -
Interview Ylth subject u Jetter : with furthat emmedts i • Living. 'msB-77
bioEraphicul extails of :.:Oject's career •. nd ;1;.113.• CPO ' 10/20/46
doonment for de;i13.
f ,!:
■■=1/11*

Subj. with T-0:::AYA and ACHIBAYA ( qv) suspected of being gGH71.176


Soviet aent as esrly as 194k-,-46, havtne; joined Germans on HSC!-7O
orders from Mosdor. V,hen Pavarin occupied by U$ forces, 0. Apr 47
MAG-14LAK?:LID4
Subj ALCHInYA and von MENDE cros sed into Switz., were
F-3
apprehen ar-' and turned over to Ame ricans. Off&red to
work for • ,
NOTE EVALUATION
-6ee
Letter from Khariton MIAVI31-1VILY (MiANICKVILY) to subject, dated 16 i-1499:
Jan 47. B oth nen located in Geneva. CHAVICEVILY states that subjectapr 47 ._ _.... .
is center of a fascist croup, not a true Georgian patriot. 3ays sub- York/Bridlington.,
ject has promised to abstain from a7.1 political activity, while in Switz-
erland and has enge o d in allTennor of intri aws.. Asks loim to RiND ttlese activiti.es up.
ry :States that'subect entertained relations with :Soviet agents aE same time
. • . he offered
. _, his. -,,
services
• . to the-Americans.
gla408.•
Ool.Telnyk reported to have seen Subject's wife, Madame MichellEDIA, .6'Ma y 47
when he'went to Paris on."secret" trip ft . om Germany. Ukrainian Trilogy
-aircles in Germany speculated about the purpose of this meeting. Both
hiELNYX,and Subject known to have connections in Spain among former German
SD personnel. 'Trilogy" circles believe there is some US r*. oject behind Col. MELNYKIs
"secret" trip and meeting --1 .-th Madame KEDIA l as Col. MELNYK : mld hardly have left
US zone without knowledge US authorities.
Almb

Subject reported being taken over by*the:prigT7 h. !Sour .:,.6 believes 'be .1.;sh - lOse
chain in Spain wiJi 1-701A ran rcr the Gemans r, t to el.eraticn Aug 47
For BIS. In ,onn,ction n_ports thatqgop USTIUV ((Iv.)
of MI , .5 &A,I16 hes spent all of hi tinein Geneva sin , :e arriving in Switzl. P.3-3
hmb
,---
Ace. to this report Subject met GVINADZE of Soviet Legation, Bernothreugh
KOBAHIDZE (qv. France) & net just accidentally in WE/ZENYtrLD's delicatessen. 21 Oct 47 1
MSBA-274
. Subject's wife in Paris is c ompletely.unar KOBAH1DZE's influence; hns been
-2
trying to persuade 'Subject to return to Soviet Georgia w. hr: . DERIDZE is & 1.7 •
.still financing Subjact to the_extent of 500 Sw. fre. per month, & arranged, :1
for MEDIA to make uantnet w.'ihoBriiith. Subject's contacts w. NO oval.
tha.British
were still in embryoni . , stage ace. telEMCOWL“qv.) But ' E-- TJ reported that aubject
was disillusioned & divappointed by his first contacts w.laS. Subject's frequent cewler
service betw, his wife, KOBAHIDZE & BERME serves to keep the latter well connected ia
France. L7 _. ;laemments that whatever • cancerne either BERIDZE or KOBAHIDZE also
invld7es Subject, & is keenly interested in all info relating to Subject,khis contact w.
:BIS etc. 1..!-,-.1,
c -... 'V ,4 , .1-
, -% ck• 147
hmb .

D ECLASS I F I
ED AND
C ENTRAL REL EASED
IN 9?
SO URCES MET TELL IGENCE A8ENCY
HODS EXEMPT I °NMI
t NA I NAR CR
AL ) DATE 2001
101E8 OISCLOOURI

2008
("i .g. 7 I. _:i/T7=D

Subjl..ct says that Soviet request for hi: .1xtradition (Sept. 14-.) WJ U5B-808
ignored by Swiss gov't. Attqcks on SObject by French communist press 6 Vav/:7 • • .

and H Voix Ouvriere" of Geneva ()ar. 1 47) coincided w. SwiseLt:


surveillance of Subect, who is no longer allowed outside Geneva. Swiss
customs pollee interrogated Subject re his connectimn w. thIrJOANOVICI
affair. KEDIA l s version of alled!!ed reconciliation of. th.:: L.enchevik 'Georgian emigre
gcup in Paris with the Soviets is t hat only part of the group are sincere about it; rest.
oT group are trying to got a good preds in France to 'paire way for greater Georgian im-
•migration., Reportedly Subject's financial backer BERINE (qv.) is attempting to secure
'a permis de sejour for himself, Subject and friend8 in Spanish Morocco.
hmb

Thanks to connection w. Subject, the Georgiah Tenghiz DADEMICMIAN,(riv. It- 1y )ei-j- t44 I
was able to go to Germany frequently during wrr. ;fter liberation of 1V 'Juns 47
l rz.nce,DADECHKELIAN wa s in Berlin working for Subject's group...
hmb
.ys p), ,147 Q-3
Subject a . contact of acolq.e GVINADZR .(qv). Contact established 22'sjui 4i
through Arcadi WEISSINFELD: ! :Soiree suggests that K7DIA *was still
in control of A former GIS chain in Spain, though uncertain whether
working for RIS; EIS or what. Subject continues to live . peacefully in Switzerland.
. &Pm
Dissem 22 aug 47, State, War, ilavy

. Page ':TO be added to . KEDI,Vichael, card


KEDIA, :!ICHAFL ; ) •
**FSR3 300
G"ecr6ian emi:.;re of the 1914-13 war, leadin member of the "Caucasian XX-124.15
Committee" in 3erlin. According to0;LISGFR-R07D7R interr.'Rpt. on 3/19/16
.7as operations directed against the Caucasus is Intelligent, enthus- Interr. of
iastic, has wide knorled;:e of all Caucasian ?roblems and particclarly, OERSGER-RDEDRR
peorgian matters. 0 7,BSGFR-Rbr,DFR (qv) believes that subject was behind
plan by which li17.!,11---V1:-.1.72 ) SS Stubaf Dr (qv) intended to send Georgian
agents to Georia, operating from Turkey.
afw

• GIG agent. in. Bad Reichenall has. imrormed us that in the course of a . 41* . F3110 772
conversation: he had on 11/9/46 with • miche.el =MAIL (0), the latter 1M 974
showed him:a note he had just received from subject, mailed fit= 11/18/46
Siitzerland, in. which the latter mentioned that he waft in. touch with
both the British and Americans. in. Switzerland,

IN . 45 538.• **
Ukrainians. with APN, Germ. ordered source to cut off re- C
lations with subject and watch Georgian activities. See 13 iiec 46
cable for reasons given. Remorts Subj.'s wife in Paris
mistress high Soviet official, st i.11 corn:sponds with Subj.

gee 4H1IN-45538
Subject's wife in Paris reported mistress high Soviet official. Still CONTROL'
corresponds regularly w'", Subject and they exchange inf , E 1,12/13/46
'71 NI
4+1:: Oft
(...otober 194it

7C: Cal on»; ce


.t.
DECLASSIFIED
AN.D0R
:t. A. JEW, ELEASED BY
CENTRAL INTELI ISENCE
SOURCES A GENCY
-tri r 91)i r•llzp..e.rk METHODS.EXEMPT ION
• RAZI WAR 382
CRINESDISCCOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2008
.• It Ivrc beta to diztcb bX non:, recrat tn.! by th3 iabor :11.7rielon •
— Porin, e.n1 dere:1 a fthr
ur c -bilow.• to g ar:in for the
/Urpose of obtaini ng intollicrance, ale/ lescribeki belos,
• •
• 1.• At,-ent's nine. is '.M.).t7.17z!ra . Lige 21, Lnite
Puesian parentage. born InCermany but .plucated in France. Ile Wei em-
plOyeveA trait the • sumer of 191:3 to Tebruary, 19/ae ct the .S. ,..ifuz Legation
aerlin in the dap/in.:eat 'candling Mericau atfatro. lift returned to •
Perin retiniary, .194.5 earl failed to , repart to OA Uduteohen ifermitt-
lungstelle for compulsory abor'... .110 aria a,,.--rented on June 12, 151111,
• ilprieoned :at .Papiciarc and from t...ere wi g esow: ted back taDernany
•trh ore he wan held for ieral nv days . in a ooncantrtiV oonmu m for for.;,
ei tpera (Verwi)tungsbazirk Itoepenik). wes rtpleasal. fron'thie
• and obtained a job . with the 'Tentacle, 7e.trlar...:( .foreaerly .,phe publi.ehing
• house of'Ullstein) . On thelth of Septiaber,; ,. 1944, he quit hin.job
leigally in the normal faahiOn.ond decided . .t6 mike hie :etciape through,
the lined in Order to ye. InItirer : for serviCe with the: French '

. . .
arrival in "-eerie he was. contacted by =,' „thrOngh nan.bere Of tt.e
labor Division. a nd due to his recent-presence it' Germany Vael ebl ot to
• furn:sh groat deal Or VG" , ValtlibiO infers:Aida ,On • trarelling can-
, ditiona, dai)y life, new regulations and rastrintiotia, • .
Specifically he . bas fltrnisheds : - •

a. : ' :nformati on . which led: direotlt.,tn. the . : at-rent of . a .G7stapo. .


. !glint Jar. • Thin was . nedamplialhed • conjtiction th
Y.-2. • ' • • •... • . •

. tl • • 4re.-, , ort .ou tho ecr_inter .7 e2plonage ric w an..ent.. .orivatized by • .


Col laborrit .: cni St Frainch cffiters 4-..-....sn, French rork .:r lA •.
• Ge.::7.611y • .•. • ••' • . . . . ..•
. . . ... .
. . .•. . •
.. . . . . • .. . .• • ..
t2. 4 r..., :loct on tic cli n ritch of !-'11.1cien-.. e.r.4 .. Dcrictist e.s 'into
.7rt,uce b:.. tt...: • .1'clazr;v:i'ts.1.111.cst v).1-.1ng '. .thr. nnar .: . or •tIrs . .
• r-n-pc:1:::. 51 e c-,i-pani...;.-.r3.. ; • •• • • .. • .•,
• . .. • •
. . • .
. • . • .

The 1-4ebtl e OtrisIon hoe rezmined in el our cent, at y th Tottri d moo his
arrival In Paric end he has r.:.• ,:men a cent n" enj valuable our of
reference for inforration Cow.airty. aue ttic Connection Clue
ostabli 4hIlls V6uri d y cided to 4 .-2eUriOn U ori6ual intention of vol-
u.!terriag ter thq; 1,;• enc2 14y, rrerarr:ng to cork with the interlecas.
Dttring this eerie: it US ham possible far us to get tp 'atcoht
fairly intirictely. tio in on extremely intelligent and observent 'Tout*
MU, recouroeful c,n "labroulllard*. :),2e: to hie Frtnan ant' 7‘6,Yli.r1
hookground, he ha- no lova far the ,-"ernsne and ore doLit.ir,:rrtact con-
vinc141y4h.:nacre dtr.tre f of the Allies. lire s.l.ourity
r rob: um. ia deul t t bolo?, •

(.;•1Puri"..,han vOlunteere1 to return to orI or un :ntelligenat rAissiou


for the ...:.f....':.orerniant.* hts ell tht neoesacry Carman identity •
• Papers tc.ptrz.“ hio. Co zirfrIlute vitt:o.ut tifflculty. .F.1 .s mother 13 at
preeerit r. Berlin awl t aan return to her and resume his aorstal
letel life -exactly is be left • It in Septt..ber. circles in vhiab he
rmree are Itost/y French and tbito RUsnlon, With exay.Attetrien. German,
RuaranI ant Stag:Irian frienaa. It in ai al role of young .peraccos ell
of wham ..cvelt reigula. occupations in new of lahee are eizvloycd.
..0 as .spatifiliate in vits: ear . plunts. là the :2erlin era, but who tin
fairly 'macho sotial• costae t s in their laistuap• houre. They. le ad a
• eOcial". :life. • apoai =nay CO l 'get in api:te of prevent Berlin
coniitioaa.. • Appa.rentlyipclitios 'are eTar sot:seed; elthousit the •
war a constant to;Ile of cearreratatiort.. Moat of Abeee people are
fenee - sitters. :They...all cant • tbe ver : to end, are : hoping for an early.
errivta::of the • Aillea in neriln . ani • hope the the . UI be
there bet the ilumstano. !;•'.`turt . zooree'in.theas ci.rees'al a.friend
and'an . .eqUal.' .There in a certain:oonepirEitarial . unity' 'chink births' . ..
theta itii-,Othef 'in •en atrAsephero . ofak.n.ual confidanca.• is due to
the: foot • that *anti cally all Of- theta •ore: enteriged.:. niece form of bleak'
market ••operiitione. . They .apend • mons - y .frealy; .: .and are able to . azike it
again .hy such tastani. • The retiflcatione of . such:conteCts are of meet
pofanti el' • via tle an a mice of 1fltellieDOa. orArL i aware Of this.
and ie. confident of • hai nit able . to exploit the;situetion.
- • • .• . • . .• •

. •
.a.. • L'isne.tration of . the -.7.tcharhnitztri.eni .. 4. a elosal.y

auat,dwihi 4 l3 iece& off;c!al or the 3 b in i,rLin. • . This ••


person . le Gt'orgian rto*f. erred t1.0! outcf:nis oppocition'to tbe
rer,ime, ht in toe artr-ns;.y • deilOatO. ..irTedg the •
of• the clon.l.un • Lrzlea, jfl ItnOcubtdly a'.17 • ..
.opp.x. tizaty. oJ able, to thet J. t.ca• FurtherruarO
this ni Le at: prtearotIr. hf.ln (Ix!, hy...
nor a t. 11:•:a.r4 but
unttr avrti11.4ncts: , ith in rin Lni
//470,9y %AS'
-
(
■ , ••••

.3. t.

eppr,...too;line rwl t:: •• 'rot. surflaitnt pre P. eure 3o11.1 he put on Vile
teJ to .pluce him entirely in cur Asada.' Youri , is achfiAant that he
can exp/oit the ettuntion to the lindt and obtain he rello%ing tyrs
of 4r tiO.I

le Personalitlas, plaua and structure Of the 30.


2. latu • of. the !.Exi party for continued reei tanac lc the
.Uiboect.;:ation GC Glen:any.
ra.; • persigullitr intenipetne or
41.60ro moral netuea, which would lion:ally cozier to the
sno‘ledee of a Ilidhly letotid • r.:) offinia1 .... •

• ',Ireuith eoe and convert: lal contact ,: 'Actor:rail on Cain


ht zati,ertd en eve tar*, end t•c)•..nilc.171.ee.... developments. -
■••

C. 1it. entv.z.;: inthrattnt cf !‘ eJ'e .trt.see p oral .a letter-box.


.. In this couneatien::Yosuri lieu stated that hc an.n. preride a sato ,• -
ad& at his czn been: for furtIvx agents.. Tit scull. actor.c.rcxtat.! up
tr., the:I ..... at n tihei if neceeep-4y being to placer tvo th +re •
• friend!? in, omplete . security. ',5.4 aro in pulscnrilw■ oddresc, —
tc;sphone number t.nd explicit details es to hoe . ocntects can he
,arrunael. lame cttmoua sal t:: et 2en,gth the. tijoe'bf. Derscezte1
whco..he ou.) a be atde . to receive without* .cr:tbarrasevont . •1:e hare
et,leed upon a password cnd• a counter-pasarord.;;7 .YOtiri...eir be able to ' •
'take 1 sUch cui puts, hide' thous-if nocassa.--yr-er alterastively parstit
. them to lire optin.ly for limited . p4riods .. . ki6 can also provide them vith
• fix& 'obtained . o t blank :•.:nrket. • ••

3.. Fidleuc/a
. . . •
• . This falle under t7c .4eadines. , ••exibreration fa-- the agent . und .
Operational - expennets • . . .
• • • . . . . . •
• A.• Agent reis;.uvirittiari Giza :elobee. sty sdl'ary b1Cb mew be due
• him .forbi earricea to be deperitel for his: vith an. American har.k in
• ?aria, payahle. in doLlarso or : g lee:Credited to hi7 soot:tint with the
.pasycy:Ll.e. ...leo in dollen.. s ' aftec the ..tertainati on • of his : eervioeh.• A stun
• Of •300. a.onthly hes been prori1i2.y e:gretA up.i.e. :h...? figure is
determined by the Illatation,p)ficetrupOn agent rsmuneration by this
orgarazatIon. 'It 1'3 ntrctrigly urged. however, thet ..an axcepti. on t6
• th13 ntic br made ix iznr.tauee • in • rte-11 of the ./..:ezurds of the
. operation,' the potential rodu.e cf..the miesica-tc the :niter! Stet's,
and the. uaturel orr.4.3. 0:6C■Ori c.t tht .1.t. i rrt.c.t that a
• 'sultry.. or .:o . 7,4:1V.% ty-. approved. . •

-.).C■:rt'....:..Ovv.4 -so teae :.c. • act . n51. curroncy.


- fcr !urity He rill, hel,Nv,•r, rewars flatds .
• for thf rwa-che.:11 • buy;.:4-... ir;,:i
!tekini.T -; az h cf /1^ nr/ie.c

-4-

:facilitate his operations. It ie suggested thut he be lwrititted to : • „••• •


buy u DAImb A r of articles in Peri., zhich Le could We with Lim eltbout
arising p uspielon and 'Lich beaalse nf : v.eir integre y ul 4cull
rroiLde hirt vith nedeasery annoy. art' cics choull preferebly Ape
of gold..." A goad eatdh, .a gold signet ring, a cigarette cede, Mould • not
.arouse undue suspidion in possession of a cell 4ressed, urperalaxe
' young man. 'in addition he coull ;A provided with c number of gold loula
d'or which could be inserted Into Ca. heel' of hie shoes. It is •
reeesteended- •that the sum of 110,000. be allocated for this pur;one.

4. 3eourity

A' retiuent A85 .t wade to the .. ',,o4rity ptuto1f or 2 :
• a check. .ih, of ,aeseialty has hs-1 to he a nagetitre :heck..
"Subjeat arriVed in Peris onsuptuther 16, thvrefoce any positive in-
• ' vestisation . of the ref ....re ...4es ie. had given ‘octl twice: the ini .treet of
-the .J.12: . Goverlineat iu tda 'case Cod eOulLiorejudice Lim eeCurity.
• dtether iat grandmother are tit itivingr Paris. bn
. mint sod uncle. In the vet:ones of any positive ele prboae from. the
• seourity'.. departriant, IL. is requested Llet approval be graLtel by the
..,.....::'.,-. . . *.. ,O.C.', =der:. existing; rvollationa. Cc : the beta of thc ei C tie (keno- •
:. . • *elation : taro/4Yr eateollehtil wi.tkr: .YOUri4 cs. JetNri bed. on . Pf,r• 1. tt').
'''-'• _labor. ,Di.......;
iriri-on
.. . . her
. . made
.
ta.
.
f t rorabia . eve.:..us tion of :419 seauri ty. •
s • -:;..-.':':'.% - ••
. ,
•• •,. • • .-:1at
1.1., — sla ••:* . . . . . . .. .
. - •. . • • . ..
!.11i„ . ordar
* to reach 3arlin:.77(04ii . . - mast .first : atop- at tItraeceboi.tig*,;.....••••••• • :••••

When . bs...left : )eril'a in :lepteobor to * return to Traria . be '71.4..***so.::Wit?i, this • : *.*.


:. help of hie • 11481;11am .fritna - in the fiJ . .. • it -that • tile c...T.:Oit. ' eii .d'uati"aiti- :..-
..

.. ..: plc/lie - hit...intent/On Of reuitinit.g . In 'trance but:: • elluPly.. : statiki. t4t- he • :::: ...
• ': ri . ..iliocilitC.; ...attizal::to .some ieTortant .i .!- . .ccaa'...'„bile .i. iities. • .ilin.;frienti-,:at ... :' : : ' •
... • • the : LSD . . Offered:: ii6 ti.);;;:h.Sau • in -ord^c x ..,.. re t - nevi . : to ged,•=obtal a „ news: . .• . •••••,....
• * froit hi s i' .wit is -: in reri e..• it Chokt.ldurdere.tOad*•,that • tbe .::• hite 'Aueitian:•.-:.,
. : col in • Berlin s .2 is drawn *1)7' i es of Soztual ' • loyalty. ..ent ..PeriOnel..:fenifori * .. ..
.' . of this kind are not unnatural.. C:,.7.-0-4.!, esti , return .tO..Beilitf,withOsit':' • •• ••,' •
any diff. ',:otil ty • ••• by •repOrt.ng• tc- . the SD office ...in • .4 trisibburs • I with' •all . •••.
' his papgre - in ode', of ?curse) and seizing . that . hie friend . 1n ,. lorlin .• • .• :•-
... be • coutneted . ..i.aniediataly • by phone.' 111 is .IV. ail will at . .tnee • 6riant . 13.1*. .„' .7,...-..,.. -. .:•............ ..i.:„..,,,.
, eirery s .faall. liy. In order to get to 5:: '-racabourg 1 ottrf . r.!.atct,s ' *roil ... the -•:• . • • '•• ' i :1 7.•49.'',1•°•-••...,'
.1!. nes •001::4:1:kere'..Ociteeen
. Vancy ansl'.E .pival.. • Et .1a anzinus to peas through • . • • ::,*, *-•.'
the. tutu. of !it.. Die •ef.nce it *is .the ?oat border Control etatiOnain • . ' •';'...- •.• .... •••
:.-r. auch • ioil: .. i t' :ta deilroble, thert. fore,..that ever-j effort . be nede • to. *::: : • :• ' ' • .
exp:Ntite . Va. s etinsion 1;.ithout Li:,lay lest St. :Die * be captured .before . • * .. ' ,:. .- • • .,- -
alai:etch . Car. he' arranged. • • •.
›- . . . • . • •. . .• • • .
• :.t. . no.-1:.,..e.)!..cotiOte. .1 t ID inten,lel 'that :. Ireton 7.uppert be co- •
or l io: , teril •-rt th the o-reval.1. raur,t rlk.e for pma .s tration or ''..I'crr.an,y.. • •..
'..s .teamt s •L0,;•,..., c .....a •,,, Live! , thww,..,:,,...5 .; r the v. i,p.^ a:I:traps in Lt:rlitt. y •,... .. • -...... ...
,...111•111;orictt... . cl VII; 1 t).,,.Yrri...,1vt..3 of .. t.t: lettel ; -b:,-; • f a dilitie. s. 7n- •• • . .-. ...:- .
..„.. •..•
C,...rry it! ncl.,floted 3y ?62 . ,1-I will :cid" t•!Iren ciaPsiiN . the •
• •

EST LE.0 I
. ._,..
1
c, 0, _1;1 i',:. Of,
•••." •

. .
-

most urgent will be seat out . by s ilt, ir . and when such facilities
are 'sealable; long neeDages or reports or a. atretegia, but not •:
.urgent 'nature, : may . be : sent. 'via courier or 'further letter-bon- ..
email:as • be be . establiohea. The info:re:at! On 'of a aounier.
intelligence
. . nature Ray be held by the agent far communication at t'
he . , is . oirer-;rin• • . • . . .
. •. . • • •
• Gaily the Verthe project, already approtred.:catoteMplatas
•the di sPatch .. of .a teem. J1=1 11 1 1 143 Wit to Berl in. • This Vt.. . •
. • !Available f. cr . r■tippert. The. Yarthe twit is already inciureclited nati
•sclatbad and' la ready ta . h".di spa tahed from London • es soon as 'the
• . • ecfe wi.dreas to be prOrided by nuppart i. obtained.-

A,pprovai. of this projact .t requested.


.
.• . . ••

. .
• •

, • '

• •
A• E. J•

. - •: lst infcreeinent ,

114 W DETACiD;lit 16 Oc tober


Ccrsrar4 tiff ice r , Fn. bet
• :•
1. Reoassiancl'aPproval of thin project including: 7 s's

' .

. a) That the remuneration t in. thinivecial case be increase


to $500. per Month, this net to create a precedent. -

b) Thet curt - of $10i000. : iie:epproied for Operational needs:-

. (a) Charles F. Neavs


CIIARLFS F. NEAVE
• lt. Colonel, TC
APPROVED: Executive' Officer, SI

• (' ) DICE Bruce


CO :Pst..•
, • . .
1': I

1•Unalon - krranl yncrit rt: : •17yino5o1 ;'3I-cfrIelonta

, 1 . .:his . ptY, , ,szt .• emProvql, bY ;'..1(5ontive OtTinoto ara


;orrunlit 'iff. !Oor, Dotnolont., ;nvviA41 r cr n..17Pet
npmrt t'lnrr0 nt■ole.. thut .e%10 ZInnoy

• • 2. j"f..
. thatti i.vtr.wr u. dollor og irrel. or for
oknvi nin •noslea. I 13.011-r :nett f.t!-Eib.;17 to !he .
tet 'or . ow 1;tiQ s;tnt,tc ■Ter7ernmen a • it In, 1.14recve ., requestat:.
tnte. fcr t..i iwto 1Lsed IA '.1-4, noh frabec.

. •eircd, 'holaver. , !la Io%t t..r of 'sit was de7


rz-si ned 1 dant:wt. his f?,.n-.sCv..4141 powcr the
. Dkacutiar.: tr. re7eati.urtr .. the .
of this .. .prf4;. ct • l i r fi..n.11;) um • !.sellcd5. 7ronah
.francia. •

:o410 ,. t4-11.."P77 . nritil . ;;e . pran'te j fcr


t _i.?43 .. allOcitO7i
- • of tiolvAl .lion:.(2.COCI CP0 71111Yroh .. frWir.3 CO:the
operatladalroquire=ents of Allision

E0 ANO
-
CENIR RELEA0E0llY
Ali
•• SO IJRCE TEtIcIBENCE .AGENCY
. S MET
H008
.NA11 . WAR CR Expo? lotiqoa
PATE 2001
IgE)30111406UNEACT
2008
, .4;•• ‘14 it."4464 ,■•••••••

14 :q1..u.:7
29Y..

r•ccived th lie:rOm
!sem Ow: no word hed been received

tn t7erlund throu:h ; r e-arra .


Fed chaLnels rezIrdinA:
the safe
arrive) cr hu N er tir lirrlin up to E . ..etmr.r 2b, 1"14:. I sent:Christiaa
.,d. , ..lbertini to cileck.with
dareiødj ss und other friends Of k..tippert
in Iaris. ••
,

djjj Lein.r a
rorsonsl friend of hiwert, hie visits arouse
no suspicion.'

It w as tout thdt the


p er,x or3 mi.7.ht p ossibly hsve received
4nforms .tion-throu F, h other c ha
nnels.... ileports of(1• 1';‘).brtini'
• • — .

iiisits are
attachaA..

Cone 2 usinh None of . thcse p


trsons had any information on
TiupTcrt..

.• • •
DE:CLASS IFI•Ell'OIVR.EtEAsta EIY
•CEMTRAl. IN:111,011kt.E
• • A lE• NCY •
8.0URCESKE111001.EXEMPTION28211
t, • •• • . WAR
ti.:0 I 9 . 6
: •
200 1:0111-R E ACT
. • • • • • •
.
••::••
REPOr(T CiEORGF.S BEATIME Prepared by •Ls= Lippman on
info furnished by RAmEAU.

April 174.7

It . appears that.RIAteLl wee interned in 3440 in the


"trench camp • at Le Vernet witb GEG BERIDZE, one of the Georgian leader
in France who 'had. worIced with laiDLL. MIME and fake..ithbecame
. friendse
YMIA arranged for • BEREZE to be released isiad ot • the occupation, in 1914. •
—S7Te-mained in 'prance until Angust 14 end then left for scitzerland. He
la reputed . to be strongly antieNazi but at the same time to have profited
enormously through his Gannon contaotso earning Millions of francs which
• he 'succeeded it transferring to switaerltuld..

At the •end of the war of 1914 BERTriZE was the Georgian
•'representative at the League of Nations . in Geneva, and is considm•ed • as
_one %of • the gre ate St ,. eiperts in petroleum netters,. 'Hie friendship with
sacgivinas' very olose, 'end It was he who •subsidized MIA'S studies when
'the latter war a: young man. .It . is thought . that BMID7.3 had .personal •
• petroleum interaits in the Gencesus. •. • '•

At the present time BERIIYM is living with his family. at


Launanne vnere BJaJ sees iii .frequentlycalk.ilf has a power of Attorney
fel" -13ISIDZE and
. ,suiperiisei
. . . 'olds;
. apartment
. and. other 'affairs in Paris..Thie •
latter has been sein,::and it is a lull POWere..

• It is- probable: " that. 'Mail. While in •switzerland will be •


in touch with TiERID2 ge' •

. is also a : friend of 'General GUD3A. 3 wi se Chief
.138R1DZE
' of staff, and 14 .14AraV,..forater s director at the • Journal . de Genera.

DECLASS IFI-E0 AND


R ELEASED BY
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE
SOURCES M ETHODS AGENCY•
EXEMPT I0N31328
NAZI
WAR CR.ItIESOIS.CLOSLIRE.ACT
DATE 2001
2008

-
'
.• • -""■

•••

.;(1
• 4
; :V 1.9A, • •

Dget4f11,110
AND RE LEASED
CiNfl4 INtIL iT
'b■-•
to.*: htt
:1'.7A'et•) '
icommitiloo !EXEMPT
letNCE

t NA1 I 114A eft IM1 10,43.8.28


ilAtq*N/'
• 8 D I S CLOSURE
ThoOt...tr of boitt 7001 ACT
10 08
.XTV
(::,rwerd)

Labor Divisien, Iar25


• 16 Al2.1.:

. I Cal .E:.eer THOMAS
:ea•jor 17.■. LD.1:

Tcr..as S. Wilson

/:-.1t2 7 ON tI2L 1:1 1-11 .2Yr (VC.:VRI)

. . •The followir.( ; account Arab rac .-:ved 2:: a . shcrt interview viith
,......;,-,•efit.....Y.::.:1',..1' oh' tt • t: ni..;I: t . :If 25 et;:ri:. after 2.2.e
. eu-rival in Friz: trar .
3rd . .tra.y. • :- . It has es yet not bee:: •c!:eekee... . .

. .• •
• • .-L.4t.. a rvr,--,
. • I s. T.r.:.:.2.. ,„•;. :".:"..::P--,/.1.eft '.:',ierlin. ;,-,...ril acce::tnanied by .2r...
..resentstive of.'the "i.;eor6le . . q ova::uacnt e. . ..7: 1 ,.• rt:r:cs close..1:..-.7:iti-. Dr;:artr.ent
- ....ix Ot SD .... and r.oct:or-Pr. cfe3scr Vt::'.!::::::::..k.., hi. official in De .
partment :ST.
. -. • ...• .... . . . .
":...• • Berlir.. te Sad-aster s in 'a diplocatic .-• .... ..
.. • '.....These
...-tbree. traveled frem
auteMobil:c.. : - . At ' Bad 7 11s t er • N2:21.-iii prot:eaded ca, fc:ct ' end' .bicycle to the ... ... ' • .
American tinca . .rith . ancistars er. from the SD. • Jr..I..7.2:1. ::: . :f,t
Bad-aster
. the'
. wic.;-...•:

.. • ..: .. hirki .; Cf.%./.4a-i1. by :::e2 n . or . Sw.l. 7.7ofr:h:e....:. .


.V0;`.... .14■:...4 ..641). p Oriedl.Y. :eft IA. t .....the . . ..
..
. sathe. time:'for Nta.mberti, Dear Y(1.12.r2.1 Deiextment ST Is reser.t.1:y located

7161.1R1;:cas • cepttwed by the Amel-i et. us oz. April a:u3 succeed ad


Be. arrii. 2 in Faris .
rsiV.*-1;.t'e, ..',,Col'6ns: 1'Slall.,17.PWAS of '':rd Army 6r. 2:3
'`- • ' •
fp

••;' V-v7 as:;isted in leaving Berlin and gottIng


b certali rre.-.. mhers...'of - the SD . becatise he agreed to
.u.nder,ta*:::e:,a :Aaisaion o .:half 2C:r.1..■. This Mission is ac ollors

cce tact the Amer:cans' au? aetify: them that I

. dtzsir...d to ecntact a ilie21 Atnarican of r1 on his


r. un:r.notcn (to tv:5:i...;:f.) c; 41 , of the SS. SD e.r.e.1
with. had 4:n .tolich since .1.t.LO. •
• ,.
c:tr. be reachee. Lat fne ad6ressi . c/r,
• Aviht:e Gf!neva.

c. -.:Ic CL:-..s tre4 t-ords,


71, • Le:. t;.:fror. ;I• n; 1=:".
(• C American
1.-42 d
■••••■•

•an! letter.

aecuT.ed a Zwies
VIS1. volt, until i3C tr accoi.plish thF: follrarine;.14iso1ons
.1.‘c contact :lei ;ntarnational Red t7rcas on behalf .of the
Geortr ians, . both civilian ara4 military, in an attempt to pr evvi i e for their
fui,ut e welfare. This 2.1ia ..:ion va.s the cave" tar KIMI;.!a trip. • Ha Wants
tc arre- that t.:.e leorgian. ctviiiana and WiliRl...k.CHT should be treated as
Ns and r.ot turned over to the Rtins.iann. • •

. • • 2..' F:r:DIA' also was to contact the;Americans' .on behalf Of-.


certain Sr: and wv21:4111. giveu no definite
• . ,. ....understaani.ng . of the purpose of the- desired meetin,g between' I.1.10IA and the
Americer: . orPiciais. * Re tieliaves the.t the. Sr, feela , that thu ,Unerieana will •
be interested 'mutual* problm . of penetrating Georgia and Russia.
.eleo believes: that . certain officialt of the three named organizations
are .Littmlpting . to make a: Personal . deal with the Atherictma. JaYOURI. was
apparently' protected . .frcc.' the ThIO by the persons for whom anIA . is .
'acting, May have e . more official mission .... • .
•. . •.. , •.. " • . •
R M T1Crifiv .,: :.. 11;... fears that the G1S1A.1-t) has i.nforMation regarding
. . Mission
bia-tutte •• • to.:Genevii.- . ..• •However he made no . ila:us for the 'method of
making contact : beyond % the . pass7orrl : and letter' definitely stating. that. he
... .2 . .- trusted the Ame.-icaria....to:.take all • necesze_-Y security measures.. /CELIA .
• • • leicured .hia,ytsk atideit' the .threat . that the .G?...5TAFO. would• shoot VON .
.• and a .r eumber..ehigh'-2raliking, Georgians in the event that he failed, to •
return .tol:.Git.trainy.',:,.lieeieicts tO•.:return....-" • • -.• -•
. •

: • • : •

.
rptirr:7••i-;..iottr for.'entri..lintO,..8wi.tzeiland'
• .•.to. 20.A:pri1 . with,..p .a.mistien .: to • remain in Switzerland for ten days.
expectsto be - abletb: receive : ten 'or tiventy:daye..-extensiOn;of , the•periOd • •
insioe the:Co4atrY.'. efter.:,..entry..'- •
.•.-.. . •• . • . •.... .
,...• .• •.•.. ...„
• . , ••• „ .'••••-•

- •
• ,
-•
. ,
• .- •

. .
,

•. .

r.'
-

1 . April

MIS.110P nvrPEPT

The foJlowi , it . is a uummar, of the vituntion resented by the return


p

of Ruppert to varis and Kelia to SwiL4erlandi

Ao .laiLis a hieh official in trot 'Georgian Government" (Ritlsr


Tupret 7Overnment set ur ut the begi rtnint. cf th o war to exploit the. strong
and tralitiona1 nationalist and Reparstint novoment in Georgia). KED/A
has wormed vary clorely with the 7,p, fur ni shinw •Georsien recruite
espionage and sabotai;e missiens in Gouth Ruse's. According to Ruppert,
his svle mo.ive collanoretinz with the Nam is has p een his fanatical'
• dislike of the Cciarunist regime mid traditional ciao:Tian natienaliam.
He is reputed to t:e on intimate tern e vitt . hiehly placed gl offitsials and
• is in a position to give us tne information either directly or
• throush *his con.acts g

1. The ccaplete N6111 plans f or their stiue movement .


in Berlin to be activPtea After the Allied Oicupatica of that city.
2. Location of secret :Files. • •

3. Information on . 31, rersonalitieu.

B .. - In order to secure MIAS .full ' coo p er%tion he is . anxious- to


secure Certain assurances izgardinq the treatment of Georgian's and Others ' •
no are Compromised in the 'anti-Bolshevist Crusade". : Zpedificalli Pe. s
interested - in JliA folloWings
. . .
. .
1. That Beorgian "nationals° yhen =Attired b7 the AMericans..
.not . be turned over . t. o . the .3ussisrs. 'T'hese Georgians include. Ost-
, srbeters,. sembersT of the Rehrmacht, ana Georgian.. ciVilians . wbo were

. .reSident in •Gerzany .before the-war. He is also anxious to proteCt


100 officials ( of which he' has a ° lint) . tin° .have_been most active
in anti-ussian .actiVities. guch persons include Georgians.
• "nationals', SD personnel yho Worke.f tgl the e Russian'Desk e and
• ce . taiii . Wehrmacht officials. This list will not be . knOwnto us
until .we have sern-KEDiA. •

Jvcons these 100 7!erJons the a-e ti.ime:who are prepared

Und nationalistic reasons to . continue their .


eaviCrs:.70 •ctivitit. :: in Cu'
' se-vise.
• DECLASS IFIED AND RELEASED BY
CENTRAL INTEL!. IGENCE AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT 10,43028
NAZI WAR CR IMES DISC1.1SURE ACT •
DATE 2001 2006
• D. LEDIA is anxioLs to confer will'. some gisie.h Amer:Go:. offiad
cewho.in in a position to ..ive sLvr- 9pecific and eutnaretative assure:41a
on the above mntter% Pe has sta'sd to Ruppart that hd would prefer to
deal with the 3r3.tieh 0 4ince the British heve a keener political 'lacer.
• standing or such matters o v but has given Ruppert an sasuranee that he will
con6act uoone untt: havis • ha! el chance tr talk gith the Americana.

• D.- Our surgestions

. 1. To talk with KEDIA anu utt what information be. can


give ue immediatel y on the SD end the post ...hostilities clandestine movement. •

2 9 . Inform him of the.trestmPnt accorded to Rucsiane captured


by the Imerican . fovces (both t'ehrmacht and civilian.personnel) . who either
do no wian to rattan to Russia or do net aoknosledce Soviet citizenship..
. • • . .
3. Amertaim who ure the :CC persons whav!le wisheS to protect
end Obtain a lint tueir names. pseudnnyn.s. Jobs, ph;r eleal descriptions,
if possible. ..:

give him passwords nhersby the shove-persons can contact ass


• Field Detect/1*ns.
• • •
5.. • Indicate to him that such persons will be treated ac pirs
(and will not be turned over to the Russians) but that any,other concessions
will . depend.antireli upon their value to us after suitable opportunities
Steinterregation . and screening.- •
DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED BY •
CEN1RAL, INT ELLIGENCE :AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT I ON3B/B
NAZI WAR CRIMES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2008

TRZ71ATION CF AlnE tEW7PE PXErARED BY KFOIA

1er.eva 28th April 1yp..5

Sirt

In referri vg to the discussion we had on April 27th / would like to set


down in this aide mercire tne principal points which I exposed.
The prineipal question which dominates the international situation today
is the determination of Stalin to emerge as sule beneficiary from this war which.'
has been fOUght with no much scerafice by the Allies.

The Western democracies . will be cumultting a very gravearrs or rnich may .
cost thew the total lose of Europe, Asia ark. even Africa if they regard Stalin
simply. as 4 Russian statesman. If tuativere the case he would be satisfied with . •
.tne enormous gains vhien this war heve brought him in Eastern Europe, the
Balkans, and in Asia,
•.
But, the Alliesiaist know stalinj know his aims, and his Methods of
fighting as we know them in order to understand that stalin is not „lust a Russian
statesman'. He mikes use of•nussir. and Platters her imperialist sentiments 'only
in order to introduce coacianism and therebr 'his ova personal power rherever he clan. .
• .
This denaturalized. Georgian, Sxiled . from . his . countri, now dictator of
Russia, has nothing to-lose. and . everytning.to.gaino'Jutelligent l. and above all
.canning, with :a willporarlronhakitciwarhatbe-.wantaand:ailllendeavor:tO
arrive at his ends withoUt. retreatia6 before:any-obstacles...,
• His'aims.todey are'no longer tnadefeat of razi Gentittiy'j'a tact which
already practiCalli , accomPliehedi but the:expulaion:Of. thtt:AnOlo.;Saions in Europe,
Asia, : and whereveralsehe'esn..In additiOn:totislegenderkaunning'an4 . his . .. •
iron will, he Posiesses throughout. Eur0paand45iaarniies:Of . dieConteated. people'.
and fifth eaumns. The ranks. of these fifth 'ocaurms'are.beitisswelled
portions, with Stalin's advance throagh Europe under-the halo.of a-Ilberetor.'
.. • „.„.
• • 1n the face of this gravadanger:rhich:threatens the World the demiocraelea
mint face stslin without aday's delay with an active and tenacious policy. If. , .
the democracies wish to avoid eo=uttiag suicide they. *slat prepare aecvlon AnA
organize the people on this side of the . bsrricadebefore the.exp7osion of the
• inevitable aimed couflict. The first Problem to . be:solved.on'this side of the •
barricade or. the part 3f the democracies is the German problem. Tao whole of
Stalin's poliCy . atthe present t...me an g eared-to the winning.over of Germany
himself. He is well aware Of the great value of the trump . card which Germany:
repre!tents in h7..s fl t4ht against the Alliles; . It should pe e4ded that he 'las menY
cuovince2. suppo.ters in ell r;ermbc:oirelen..3orhe of'tnem have won over through :
weito

ideological convictions, others throurh the distress provoked by Al:le! bombings,


and others uho hope to work . out a Bismilrkian policyLrii nalvelge Gitn:any through a
Russaan allLaroe,

' wAta-hzs cunnint. kno.c how *.o erplolt 611 these continents for his
own ends. It is ror this refmn that tne Allies are compelled to dispute terriw
tries with Stalin inGermany itself°

But. there are also many Other slemnus 11, Germany woo wish to come•to an .
unierstandin wIch toe democracies for tit° olgenizatAoa of Europe on a just basis.
These Germans rust be sougtt out. They must be nelped by every means to organize
• the4selves. With a just understandintN .of the expectations and desires . of these
circles one can win over the whole people to the somMon cause.:. With . regard to the.
. liquidation of the last vestiges of the Nazi movement, this must be left to these •
German elements. They till'acoomplish the tatik much better. than the Allied Military
Governments •

.. We are acquainted witn Sone of these German personalities. With their help
we were able to maintain ourselves in Berlin, carrying on a . definite oppoeition
• to the nefarious'Nazi policy in the question of tue Eastern European ,Nationalities.
AttacheCtO this memorandum is a liEt of persons with whom we were in regular . *
contact in Germeny. These individualS can in turn 'complete the list with quantities
of other names .more important than their own...

. Once...this first imnortant factor in Europe,. namely Germany, has been !on
....'for . .the . causa, other European problems will have tc • be tackled. The peoples of
Western EuroPemust.be satisfied end won over to the inti-stalinist blesokOind the .
• mbst , imOortant . of . these Is France.. cnca the- German and reetern European : problems •
• liaie./ieen:settled, the Balkan Counuries will go along . with . the . Anglo.saxoos as well
ae.ihe:great rajority'of . the' poles ihO wish neither . nuisiandomination nMr?: . •
• . _ .•••: . _
communism.... .

- y- _ . • • , tothe:peciple . of.Eastern Eurcipci:lhOlUding i non■Russians in the
...With:regard
:113SR:whO . nuMiier 90.millionsethe Baltic:states, white Ruthenia, .the.Ukrainee.the
.:*.Gencasua, - Turkestan, w'Olgaratarand . the Tarus:people . Ofthe Crtmea'fcr•-wham
• .andMy friends. were the.sPekesmen , ir Berlin; their Organization and direction
Those peopleall.want to .separate from Russia and . establiih the
—.;independencenf their countries., It . was for this reason for that matter•that the .
sOn of . tnese People :ever since the buthreek of the Runso ...Gernmn . war deserted in ..
• Mmeses . froM,tbe .Red-Army:and dame to Germany to demand ermaand • volunteer in tha
.GerMnn armY.:•ft . wis only. the cruel . treatment of the Nezis for these prisoners
-volunteers, and the neforiOus . German policy . toward these nationals which provaed
tneir nsedez-,rtiOn and - developed a vigorous anti .;Naxi opposition among those who
rerneimed until the.end in Gerinaz . uriits and the National Legion. 'this great mass
of men: Consisting of se7erei'hundreds of thousands. cannot of course be organized on
a'pbliey bared on a concept, of.the ' , nub-bun:an" out of _the v astv . bUt with. a
• .democretio policy . or Liberty ani the self determiatioz.of peoples. • •

ESI AVN
, The firat . thini; to be ione in this direction.is to prevent at once
all the Caucasians and ot..her non.sussian people who have fallen into the
nanda uf tte Westc;ru Allies as prisoner?, refugees op deported workers from
being returned tu the Russians. Naturally many among these men believe in
the wittory of r! tulin, and would like to create en.alibi in order to regain
his favor and thus save their lives. But this effort will avail them little,
since once Stalin hue made tree cr . than e will eliminate them not because
they have fought against him, but because they hor s seen too much of
European life.

It is necessary therefore, to lave these men, but if it is un-


fortunately not possibe under present conditions, then we must save at least
the Elite end save them Until tomorrow. For this ' reason . we ask that we may
be permitted to return to nermany,-with the necessary papers, and accompanied
by Amer,can officers, also to Northern Italy and Denmark iu order to desk._
out first of all the National COmmitteeL who have,led.thect people,..and..also
the elite imd any Otnere who car he saved. We must of course dim' seek out
all our.oernan friendi mentioned above. In this connection, Prof. Von Mande
who is at present at Buhler will be a . helpful collaborator. ..an old friend
of ours a 'leaded anti-Nazi amd a European or the . bestlype. With whom
among otuers we would be able to set up the necessary apparatms...
. .
. It would also be uSeful if t could bepermittad to establish as .
soon:as possible . contect . with my friends in Turkey. -;•ith'wbom we worked for.
three years.'

.. . To summarize, Zwould be grateful if . you would transmit to Your


. .government or . wbocver ia . concerrei our fears of stal'in f.s. pclicy,.Which can
..onlybe fou6ht by an equally energetic policy -andYthe organilation,of anti-
• Bolshevik and nnti .BUssian forces and not merely.by diplomatic dealing's.:
.,,... .•..... .• .• . • • • • •. .. • . ..
.. r . hope that our apprehensions and-feari . for.the policies ani"perSon'
. . . .
of stalin.will be received by:you•with,more understandingthan they were by
the Nazi goVerument,Ofth“errnvolk who thought . theyunderstood everything
. better than us poor 'sub-huMana g frum the waste; .
LE
/44',2 •

Iv
Geneve, le• 28 avril 1945.

DE CLASSIFIED AND R
ELEASED BY

-Roi;
. CENTRAL INTE LLIBENCE.

MonAeur, N-7 AGENCY


SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT I ON3B2B
NAZI WAR CR IMES D
ISCLOSURE ACT
'TV DATE 2001 2006
. .
• . : 1•In me rerdrant a l'entretien .qua nous avons eu ensemble a la date
au 27 avril, je . tiens b. preciser dans cet aide-memoire lea points prin- •
. cipaux des .idees expaseese
. La question . princiiale qui dromine la situation internationale aetiei-
le',e' est la volonte .de. Staline a' etre . le •.s.eul pro :fiteur ae la geerre :.
. 'tiaenee avec tant de it.Crifices par Jee• Allies. • . -
•• Les democraties. de. l'Ouest oomeettraient une erreur grave, qui leur
coaterait la perte totdle 'de l'Europe, ' di l'Asii, et lame de l'Afrique •
-si elle!' sse • bornaient a Considerer Staline comae un . homme.d , Etat ru . sse.
Si tel etait le ces, il'pourrait s' . estimer satisfait acs gains enor-
. thes quit la fin di lei . guerre lui a apportes b. l'Est de l':::urope; aa.ns les
•Balkansiet . en Asie. . ••. '. . . . .
• ...ais.'1es Allies . doivent connaf tie Staline, Sea vises et sea . methodes
de lUtte commis nen. s les . Connais gons, .Pour lcomprendre que Staline IV est
.pas :1 1. hOLMe :d.'Etat rusSe qtt'ils • s' imaginent. • . .. . •
• ' Il . se :sert .seuliment de la hussie, en flatiant lea sentiments imps-
. .• . riali sloes . ruse es , . pour • introduire • le coMmUnisme, au moyeit de:Son pouvoir
personne1,7 partout • oi 11 . 1e . petit. . ••. . .... - . •
, . ......'% . e . :Geo . rgiendena — tnislise, chasSe de son . 'payS natal-, devenu dictateur
de la : Russie. : n t a . 4-ien.:e...perare • et tout k .: : gp.gner. :. ' : 1 - : : . •'•
In-telligent, : .ritair .: Start:3'14.i . . et due d'une; vol'ante de fer, • . ii sai • t .
••.; . Ce ..qu' s il Veut 'et . 11 - .essa3era', en 1.20 SC 14i S'sant'effra.-;, • er 'par. e.ucun obs-
.....
tacle, : : 1 d'arriver .4 sea fi ns .. -. .
. • - . . • • • : . ... ' 7 .
•.: ''.
••• • • .: '• • ... • .

• :::....Son.• but, atfjoiirci t tiiai :, xi' est plus . le. defaite ..di . 1!Allethagne'. •nazie,
. .. : -.

C .e":qUi . e g t, un fait . .presCue Eiccouipli, mais bien . de Chasser'les"•AiigläSeibn


::. de. l'Etirope,' de l' .%sie et:de"partout.oail le -pourra. - -.. ' ' •
A , c(Ite . ...de ,sa • ruse legendaire . et: de sa' valunte d..: .fer, 111 . Utilise sdarls
•• toute .1';.:uro,)e,•. en . Asie . et ailleurs des 'armies :. de. Miconients, • et acs cin-
• • C.uiemed .colonnes. • .. .• • • •• , •.• . ,.: • .
•• :Lee: rangs: •de 'CeS cinquiemes colunnes s l accroissent au fur et a .mesure
de . 1 4 c.va.nce at • Staline •en ;Iurope, d'autant plus qd! kl acquiert' . 1 .'aureole• .
.
..•.-..d'itn , litierateur. ' •• . . ••
'. :Deyant ce grave danger qui mei:11'6e le monde, 11 faut que ,lee • democre.- •
• •ties, .sans perdre 'un jour, opposent ur,e Politique active et .tenace. •
. Avant l'eclusion d'Un conflit arme ine .ritable • .avec Stalinea. . , si tou- .
. . . ,. ..tefois les demoar.atieS ne pre ferent pas .se suicider *direct:mint,: il taut .
Prepar. er .un cordon 'stir et otganiser .. les . :peuplea; ciu; cate de.:11:Cbeirricacie..
.. •.':. 'Le . •premier prObV.esie . a resoudre • de . ce: • cdtti.,. • pour les - denocraties, c'.est
le . problewe •allemand. . . • . . : .. . .. .
- . ..Toute • Ia politique . de Stalirie tend. actuallement i.. ; gagner . l'Alemagne.
• Ii salt bien . c. u .e.1* atout prsénte pour - lui le. Carte allemanae • dr...ns sa. lut-
te •• contre les Allies. 11.. filut ,..)reci ser qU'. .ii a beaUcoup de .pcqtisabs •
. -convaincus dans •tous les milieux allemriu scis, les uns gagnes...J e i r l'ideologio
• sovietique, les autres )ur le wecontentment . provoque a la suite des • bom-
.. bardemente allies., et enfin tolls ceu:c oul • esprent• reprendre la P.).1.itiqu.o •
de Bismark, du .sa.uve.th.ge de 1' Allemagnd par l ! alliance russe. • ••

•f 1aipPitt R-1+
BEST
. • 111M111114 .
CO PY.
-, /
,
01•4.T .
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n'tiv&it juequ'alors jemete te-nu tuts clzice de .quelvie iaportanoe -.1

'duns la politique diorgienne. Vest l'hoaske de 14 second' Ondre- ..,-- iI


tion, qui 4 . 4t4 connu per eee.eentinenti natiOnell$14 it pittr10... i
toe. Au rafts, il avail une au g er izpOitante fabriQUI de froaao, • I
vieuit lui-atas bion at aidult beam:out: see 'compatriot's. :
Lee ulie . :.Lindb avait L'hectiede, quand ila
- Gaciottient . tut 1
pti;.e, le 6 'udreuser it tta tion.ze :coil perti lea iticalgOo:dies Sit-
f4renta pays et d s 4tablir par.1* truc;.ement . de oet:::hoile: 14 °nutlet i
tome one... i ue 6roupement de oec Lik,r4tions.
.02.and leu premiere orficieri de 1 , :. :tui-.zujor . e4.:401it adreee4
h X. ,:edia, o• fut an* surPrisivden4eale. qette.earOxiee±liers . : : 7!
comprehensible qunnd . nous .Jirone.qu'Alerlin il..exislUil : ,.un:. gron • i
pe de jeune8ne hationul-: soclall,.A.,:kAcis oirigipUr ..: Unleaue .. !
professSurr4enx . riaturalireelleMand.et a:ti,perOnnel.de 1
.-.ogenberg.: A Phrim meze exiutuit: un4 . Pstlte filiele:AC:J0Cgrou0S.
%utarellemeut tcut le iorwe cruighait quelles.:4114sende .ne',
pre linent leUr hommp dunu ce e;1,uye at netts oriantl Y 4tiAtd'au-
tthit ;due ji...tirtee ;Ow: r4 6 1 ...,J.ent :le cOmptiritait4:40dolUter . , . .
A effet,. leo :aiziL; recrut6e .a:. .:-s .ra.:,..C:dt.'7/66i.nutiOnatts.:Amet
plU. ! d .e.ngercuz ..q. ,-... r:)Q1c ;. :.:ur cee Autior.aUx quejinTa4kftilln-,
rand4eux-ig!mee.. -'4x;eri.d.. .ce d*.f - U'nndits U. prbUirT4*tieiiint-.44, -:
fait.'-',... ....-:..
?e ''at ;;:le' •.::,. 1. ...;i:. 1,1... t.tri! 1'4 .'11L .;..i,,t.i.,ekdoti-iblis,..;i:1.41'
Motif qui 11.%ou.i.-....,d:l&u mIllta.:-res u.11ocle :: .4:-:41: 00AW4C4.1:..
. i:rcupe de milituiree c:tait :comi-oed :kir . 1,' 7 .... 61*.f..t.:i.fil:1; iVitiiiiii' , '''' :. •••
. . sr...c:..järli4. ;-:9.7.. 1:::::!.3.Z.:-.t.:,! N : :,.icc::t.;,.,::!:.•1'
,. 411%17-nem/Ai liale . 0.4triotee t.liii:,u7idiilij r riOr.:1414:1*iit: ' .11
;111,tftL e-11,: • -:
',..feiretivec lee : :.:zithae:c: 'Aiutze‘::'iiiitierli;
.
in d.e. Ues .-[o ffic! In : tal e ,: &pc e4 - -.!..,nde:i,.ac iiii2;NRraleribi, in
11... t Onv at .lb. ti o:. coratuer.t1ale . 11 :i'. * .;...eeit:i :di ip :.-0Telataiiiii-bie.:.•-•a.
.1' ..154.:-.4 ' .i ut ..-142 CaUt . de 1 Allemanc-Ilepecouit-. ,uncouu-of Icler.,J41 ._
L .•di':•dix' ..../...,., kc;ldats ..,.aLluande qui --aur".f t ■ at . fu o illi.-H itTer4-uett v,c6h11---,.
1 0 twi:: .:.d.ence. a .c c !*;c11 . t:111 . 1 11 '/I L b e...de 6 rel ..: tio!J.: Ul ter lru i.e n*.r,
: ..,
et le 4i6U;i ullemand :Int i-nczl cameuflif..-:. ..'1.O6if:Oti4 ii.iii4: ..
a . Intl oduit , , pUrju.- . ialte,. Kodli.da0 Itoui...1tA..:..1ieteieeitiii..',,
I: itcpib a de I' orcani /a tier; u 11 s 7.404,....q ill.s. '. .occupal t e, l'U-A Ueetiode-
i ::..J. 1 '.... ....1° : et earcP .tsnet 2iiruut du ....Luduse '
urtOtit cei: tnti-nuzis al.0....1,%- ' .1 .Aurs ruxifi:: .....ions . :,et . 1eUi. e' .
:homes.. 4edia . se :lie, d'ua.itid'aved . ces. ho m m eu... .te11 2, ;.0.4 _1.4).-:Copteide. . .
. : Lonulenbei‘, 4 nc le r; e!Lb1ssadtur_11 . ':.o.socin 'et 0'4ui.G; 4r1V:urrhaut poet, ..
• saU ..;inistére des .ffaires 6tradgeree, *Prof. vz . n .:,..encW.qUi .. appeit.4,- ..
nuit uu .iListere ::oienbereo Lt-ColOnil 14* :.reffe Ass lei
pour nt. pUe citer dee dirisinee d'uutree . no wt . . .
;se r104cJee :_e pouvuitilt mulneul .Uti..imiit :::pUdj.;. eilinorj,le . couriv.'- .
' fatal - de la . pcliti riue alleJ:andi , mars, ‘.e.t(olt.:,doniiik44.,),leloncu.
0.lent dr4iituatio..E. luport4ntol, faliatentletixag,14 4404i .; : .".'
oorrilOr be a.461 . 4 4e le OA /*LI a4..zi rid b4it d i El berdAi'-1 .41La611,
elle mime it en.t,. .lite & touts c i.e autise . ..:-tiOni: 'Al..kiPti on.
C' att. grace* oes hoaxes, diss4mIneu Un peu-purtbU
BEST V IL BLE COPY
- )
413V(I 1„..
1

chhs les zones ues Allies Anglo-Saxons, d'etre livres aux Soviets.
Naturellement, beaucoup de ces hommes qui crOient au triomphe .
de Staline, voudront peut-etre aujourd'hui se crier un alibi, pour
gagner grdce de Staline et sauver ainsi ieur vie. Main mit semi
no leur sera . guitte utile, Car, lorsque Staline . lea aura utilises, il.
. les supprimera , non parce clue ilF ont pris. lee . armei contre
pour cette raison suffisante qu'il ont pu connattre la: vie enropienne. d
Ii s'agit alors de sauver-ces homes, et at, par malheur, '1'etat
actuel : des:Choses ne' permet 2.11s le ',sauvetage de ctttt' manse, ilfaut
au MOins'nettri hors de danger', ,et la.: re server pour demain...
• . .lour :tette Tai scin nout. -demr,ndons qu!il .noUsAmit permis, nOus
et nos pollaboratetirs,' Muni& de tou6 les moyena necessaires et. acne*. -
Pagnis par des officitts americains,- de retournet en Allemagne o coupe e
ainsi en. Italie . du nOrd et au Demi:mark pour reelercher d'abord les'
Com4es nalfOnaix qui Ont airige ces peuples, et pour sauver des elitesT
tout : Ce qui' est Susceptible d i en etre sauve,
: • Ii faudrait natureIltment rechercher en llemagne tots:no g, amis
allemands,'pour
. . is but 'dont' nous avons pa rle plus haut4A cettefin:
-,
le: Irof..:von:'1dendequiett actuellemer:A a Btlhier, sera unpreCietixy . f

nOs :-.Vieux am 'Unf'antinazi déckar at u.n[


•eurOpeeridelatheilleUre . claste,qui, aveCd'_autres amia, PoUrrilOnter
l'apti?..eWnecesSaire..'
. Il - epiiyignacorit. utilt 1U,i1 Me Solt- perMis cretablir:.leplus
yitep0 .6SibItf:cies relatiChn,aVed
_ - meS-aziit, TUrquie,
noiisavOniCOliabdrependant trot s annees.•
je yOu'.S p ria de oien vou lo r transmettrs 4: To t.regc0ii
de:droitnotre
is combatirs ,
• ooli ti
oitiNpIppeyiues . et anti-ruses.: . ;iouS eSpirona.:.quevous
' aVecComprehension l'eXPreseion de .nati.t . arehension et de no'S'deSirs,
'que';.ne le fit le gouverife :;,entnaZi du' 71 .1errtnlolic" qui pie t endai t •
- tbuiSe.Voir rni euk u e 'n6uS Its *ITnterizenschenad.s . Osten
•. "

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Lty !:,

TO s Mr, Galles

FRCP Ur. Watjea

Goncerning r Michoel Kedia and his friends of tne . Caucasian National GoMmittee.

KEDIA is 43 years old. He emirate a frau:Georgia * in the Oat10413u2


to paris. His farlly was involved in th^ , fight of the national governments
of Georgia and Aserbeidjan agoinst scvlet Russia in 1918. Erom.1923 until
11k9 Kedie waaolosely connected witn the ceorgian,netionar government, which
had its seat in earls. Since 1740 - Kedia.has Worked . in Berlin as president
of tae Caucasian National Committee, leaving his family in Parise •

the follSoving . members orthe reload.


On the 2th April, 194),
Caucasian Com124ee (N.C.C.) crossed the swiss border:

Michael Kedia tGeOrgia).No..in eneva Int.Red cross Papers,


. Djamelian • (Armenia). w — • -0 .
Alibegow (Aserbeidjen) 9

Kantemdr • tNorth Caucasus). •


.pr. Givi Geblieni (Georgie) .. "
Alexander Zomeja • ). . " ) ow in swiss Red cross
Miehael'Alchibaja . (., • .. ) • in Hoechst, : Austria-
t.;eorg Liketrivelli . (Rerr.von Nende) (Garman)
. .
. The N. C. C. was cotposed of,leading aembers of the peoples of .
. . _
Georgia . .(in4o s-Arian..,1;3 mdllibajnhabitaits)
...Aserbeidjan .ATUrkish,limillioOnhahltinte )
.North:irnania . . (Armenian, 2 million •.-.y
• Nth..Caucssua (TurkOftmongolsiolillida - )

. With the exception of North caucasusc - theSe peoples fanned independent
governments durin 6 the years 191( to 191r, and fought at • first together with
the Germans and Turks, and later vita the English armies against .
their ancient
.
fug , Russia. , . •
• •
-All,four nations nave Only comparitiviliamall numbers Of inhabitantA
of Russian descent. The People of Aperbeidjanant:North Cencesui are 'Mostly
Utsulm.an, whereas the Georgians and'Arteniane belong .to ;;Le orthodox Christian
.creed. As is well known, since their.countrieS -. havenoccupied by the
Russians, the Caucasian people have always revolted against Taarist . Ruseia and
later 'soviet Busslie . The mountainous . regions of:.thatauassus have been .
almost constantly in turmoiil.

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After Hitler start au ha s war against flussid, lcading mezibers of the
four 'Caucasian net.ons (who in nearly all ease:. had already been living;
for a long time 4tn exile) gathered in Berli., hoping to gain independence
by a Carmen victory.- .At first the cerren ermy nupported these ideas, but
later Rosenberg a id se hiekadanz ( Oat ster ium) convinced Uitl er that the
independence of the Caucasian nations woul4 be of no interent to nazi •
German imperialism, as particularly the Caucasian °Wields,. and the barder
zone towards kersia and Turkey zhould be entirely wider German control. At .
this time schickedanz became ' covernor of the Caucasus.

So in ly42 in NoC.00 found itself ir a very' difficult situation. On


the one hand they saw their political aims frustrated, on the other, they had
been used by the Carillons authorities,. sinoe . August ly41, to buildup a net+-
waTk.of intelligence. coVering 'the Cauotsus and the talmuci.steppee. At .
the' same time the ranturanian Turks had built up an intelligence connection
in central Asia, end, which was still more important. had Ticked out Caucasians
from Germanprison camps to build Up a Caucasian . Carne.. These Caucasians
had followed the ail]: of the , N.c.c.becaute iteleaderso• decCived by the Nazi
authorities, had promised them Use chance to fight against Russia for the
independence of their counnrieb. But they were not at all . interested to •
support elther Ruic.a or Germany, in a war at the end of whicn their nation
would be doitinated by either of the tiro. The No C.. C4which was not
liquidated by tne Ntzis, who still planned to use it eventually) now had .
the : difficult .iask . of disentangling their. men from the German arm, who were
called to aims Under .false pretences.

The preSident• of the N. C. C.wes Kedia, who _lays that the 'only Germans
woo aimitte4'.tne injustIce :done to, them were . Von -Mende of the Ott 'Ministerium
and .taa cuief of tna Eastern Oepartmeot ,of 'the' S.D. Greet ( the la ttar 'was •
killed in a motor 'accident in 1.714) .von Mande is half i Rtistian,.:kmows 'south':
Ausait well and was 30man: spec-La:list t o'-Canca slaw qt;eptiont..:Ageording
. to lc ea ici iifiuMlY0 . . on'Nlende . .hilped . the member 's . of the N. C. C.whene7er he
'could'; and sezpoted 'himself, contunlially . t,.:grave dangers in •werking against .
. the ' deOlaredioilCy.. of his •ministry and the Re ichelihnzie si.; Count .shhulihberg.
( chief . or lae South Russian dePartment in the Foreign office killed after.-:
• Tuly 'ed, 1744) helped him considerabli..As the fight . fOr'their' Men brought .
•edia. and 'hie :eommuttea into conflict with the army. and Neal . authorities,
Ktdia 'assures 'us that only' throtigh Mende ‘s vary courageous handling of the .
. matter were 'their lives ad liberty saved: 0 and those Of many othera with them.
- •
Amiong ether. incident t Were. tae following/ • • • '
. .

1 0 :Orily . through the help of Al-nde and his collaboratora was Ktdia
able to save . toe lieves • Of the Georgian -and Persian 7eWish community itraris
(2,U) 'people) fnr' which Kedia received the . attached letters of thr, from
the Jewish tutbarities.'
2. 'In march IVO it wen agail possible only throtuth Mande t s help to
save the lifm 4 an American agent, the Georgian Jun ckarjinskit now in
touch withlr. 7ollis in Paris,

After . innaging to wove the whole staff of the N. C. C. and the


Caucasian Corps t. North Italy and West Germany ( and thereby out of the
immediate danger of falling into the. hands of the Hussians) Kedia escaped in
Jpril 3.44.) togetuer with the last. remnants of the N.O.C. 'Ha took with him
Wdes who had mado this eoceps to Switzerlard possible, out of.the ' hands of
the ever suspicious Cestapo. On April 27th they eroseed the Swiss border,
Mende under the false name of George Netrinellio On ?Pay. 7th five of them
were brou4lt beak tu the prison camp at Rocket, near St. Margerethen on the
Swiss border (in Gernam), tut according to what W. Narty of the International
• Red Crosa:told Kedia,:are
still under same control of ;the International Red
Cross. Kedia . was told that'theY—oOuld only be isilt under this control until.
• 136 after which they arasuppesed to be deilvered . to . the Allies, and ow,
sequently probably handed over to the Rusrians.

Kedia *; who is in touch with ur. Liarty of the I.R60. belga for help'

1. .To 'save his friends. at Hochst from being delivered.


to. the Russians.

2. To save it'leastthe elite of the Caucasian Corps.


now prisoners of. western Allies. in France and.
Northern. Italy from. being
. handed over to the Russians.'

. _
According to information Kaki's has received : from France, 'many mambera
.of . tuaCaUcaelen Corpahave voted to return to Russiat :fearing . that they will
be 'handed over to the .Russians'in'any.case • and.if they have voted.for Russia
they wilI then hnve a chancafor .survivel....Rut'at.leasi.20,000men.oftha
Corps have voted against returning tnBilasia.:ItAaforthiagrouP. cif.Men.that
Kedie nekaiar.helP. Kediaiaconvinced . that deliverance to the Soviet of
either— his friendaor'the '20,000 menef . the C.C.. -means fortheni'..csirtaiik death.'
• •

Kanter:di; who formed the r.c.c..emd


. .

. • Kedies-Diemelleno.A1ibegow..and

nho . are.still in Geneva, have decided to leave 'SwiLzerland and deliver them•
seli.es up to the Russians if they do not.succeed'in their plan to help their
friends, because 'they. prefer death to eternal shams'.., •

ur opinions

.1. ' Kedia i. who ' roved to me to be a.good friend Or Purl pasha in Istanbul,
seams to be a person of great decency,. strong character, sharp in alligence
and . tr.stlyOrthiness. le.nowia 6 him, I . think we should gize his friends the
benefit the doubt, Knownt6 th'ese Turkish.and Caucasian y.t..4:11e
am convinced that we will sot find many badd eggs emo4, Eedia r s leading
none Their work was dant arous and without any rermeratioa (Kedia assures no
that ne never received a cent frum . the Nazis, which ',knowing the standpoint
of NUri easha and his friends in the:e mettere, believe to be the truth).

2. These Caucasians :Mould not be recarded as Quislings; they are more or


less in the same position as the Poles, struggling for their independence from
the Russians.

3. Nedia, especiaily . if in couveot with NUri Pasha, Should be in a position


to build up tbefinestdatelligence network in the Caucasus and ' central Asia,
Persia, ' India and thihear East, as their followers do not work as paid agents,
but for purely patriotic reueons (details can be given in a special nono).

ProPosearesuning there is an interest for this work, to get in


•toucb . with . the other members of the N.C.C. in Geneva and/or . at RoChst. Also
to ark . the Y.M.C.A, to take. care as far as possible of the elite , of the. Caucasian
prisoners in the prison camps in France ant North Italy, and. try to Save them
ad over . to the Russ.ans.. The American and English churches, if
haud

one. Could interest them in the matter, could be of greet help in putting this
•through. in the political . arena.
:
•• ConcerningMende, and referrigg to my earlier statement, it is Quite .
possible that I coxmitted a grave error (grave, because his life is at stake)
pointin6 him:Out : as. being unworthy of helP. Perhaps,. having already too
. much nu : his hinds in jlelPing the Caucasians, he . shelved the Centro/ Asian
presented..tu•hini by. run i Pasha and myself, thinking, they wield . only
1..perease Itheantagonismof . the ost minisierium . against which he already had to
.:fight, in the int:aieSta • Of his Caucasian friends. Not realiiing political
views,:w•. hiOn- 7- did hot and could . no disclose th lair ... being an official . of
•. . .
: . : Rosenoerg'S it is. not' improbable that' 'hetried every means of getting no
ouiof . tha.way,even.thasking his friends of the SeD. to intervene against' me.
• . •

• . On the other .band one must take into account the . possibility that My
liaison .men in the seie.who informed- co of Mende l e steps against me, had
•exiggeratee the ease in order to prove the . extent . of • his help.

• • es it, may, certainly Yedia seems to , have no persOnal interest


Be'thit

to endanger the ease' of his Caucasian friends by makinc Londe appear better
than he really ie,

should like very nzch to talk the matter over with Mende myself.
HQ & HQ DETACHMENT
OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES

European Theater of Operations


United States Army'
(Forward).
APO 887
- LABOR DIVISION, PARIS


18 May 1945

TO : Lt. HODKINSON, Special Funds

FROM Lt. A. E. JCLIS

SUBJECT: MISSION RUPPERT

Reference ii made to the advance.e .-1500-Swiss Francs advanced


to the undersigned as per request dated.22.April 1945. • .
.. . . . . . . .
. -
. This 'slim should be charged to MISSION RUPPERT and is accounted
• for as follag . a: .
• -
• .

Expenses re trip to Switzerland—Innemasse—Zeneva—Bern


:with RUPPERT. Rail fares, meals, hotel and entertainment for .
Agent

.
• 4
;

purposes of conferring with' KEDIA or other persons connected with this .
.. project. , : ...
.. - .
' April 15 ... April 26, 1945 , .... ' ' - 250.

' Clothing for agent; Raincoat, shirt, etc. . 1 -287

. .
Balance . retUrned herewith . 1.§.2 •

. DECLA
SSIFIED AND RELEASED BY .
CENTRAL I
NTEL!. 16E.NCE •AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT 10 .
N1B.2B.. -
NAZI WAR CRIMES
D ISCLOSURE ACT •
• DATE 2001 • 2006''

44.•

•1 my 1945
— ,C, -; •

0 IA X /1 /

MMEIZZIEE
Murcrnary of Mission and results obtained as of this date
,
• 1. As d000ribid in the original stateMent of the mission, Ruppert woe
to go to Berlin in orderto exploit certain Contacts !blob he claimod . to . have
in the SD. This section was satisfied that Ruppert was impale of
accomplishing the jourwy, maintaining his cover, and c a rrying out such
directives as might . be_givnitim. jgOt being quell/l ied however, teprovide
•peeific briefing Material on SS matters, the , projest'was presented to X.2
in Order to obtain certain Wedge's' and linos of enquiry which might be
:fruitful for.NAPpert to Salle". Such.directives unfortunately, were not . • .
:_forthOMIng,%endie was notpossible to obtain any-briefing-titsiial:frOM.V.2.
It . wao-therefore nondairy to dispatch Ruppert with Only the most:general
directives,naMoly to explOit whatever contact" he might develop, end to use
his own initiative and:disorstion.

• . . Thrown thus . upon his 'own resources, Ruppert . followed.stateier .
.conticts.presented themselves, end, those al] led from his original contact
MEDIA whom he had knovu * in.:Porit. T h e information supplied by KEDIa. ' and'
the'names . Of his -conteltajniGerman.government and circles which he- • •
furnishod.to m e in Geneva inApri1.1945 indicate that had 'Ruppert boon given •
• a detailed briefing - ontp.mitteio by,Pm21)efore diapateho,this ndesion •would
•hava.-.yieldeci for kere'imPOrient-emi.tangible.iedilis - • •
' . • . • . ••

. 2.. •Tdien ,, suppert returned to Paris end adtise4 s usthatICIDI4.v7CN =OE .- .


momili,...: ALcHiRim .. . lAnd-Gic61 were in ssdtzerland*jit*wme.dechled that
.'. contact should be made with:theis'perSons to determinewhat . . .....• . , . . intelligcnos
. , . • ..
...
' potential theyrepresentedi' . : '.. • ::' ' • ..
. ..
. • • . ' . • . . _ .. . • .. • .
,. . . . .. • . " • . .:-.. .
.• ..RepOrts on : tne 'discussions withXEDik azeriheuide meMoire s -pre.' . ...• '
• • pared by:him icooPrattached i . indinted . that ha porsou . tO . :.....,...,.
.'behael fer.ourreni:intelligence.objectiveui.'Nle'finetinianti.cummUnii6-'
. which 'amounted on.his . own-edmiasion'tO a strong desire to see an early.wer.
f
between s nuseia.aDi the US'es a mohn-for realiziAg . the.indspendence of the ... •
• Caucasua,. ani the fact that bails:ally, he isa political activist
• revolutionary,.rendersd'it easentiel. for security rea g ens that no coumittmehtn
. be made . to: him, that tontaorwitbIlim
. . held
.. him be a maininhm.' ThrOugh
him, however, it was hoped that loads could be obtained to important SD
i personalities, thalecation of hidden files, and plans for continued pos
hostilities Nazi activity.' The list of nnmee supplied by him may serve t
purpose.. ., :. ,
• - C„..,......:
c 0p.. .,, co:Ei tic
: .
.y• Tl.. NA SA LS' I IF NI -.€
0 AN e RtiEcC
.E.A.S6ita
..,
SOURCE.S.METIODS.EXEMPTION34.:—........
.. N.A Z [WAR Cli'l.MESTISC
LOSUR : EACI• .
BATE • 2 . 0 .0 1 '. I
2006 • .•
02ft

41 With regard to tue other persons who ereapol . to switearland°


.GATCUT armed into nano., wee picked up by the French. and' then delivered
to L, Raker at Annema pee when he claised to be an 0AistIcanAgentse•He
sae sent to eerie ° placed In the 12 interrogetioncenter and questioned°
He IMO found to .havo ninfurtiJez- valuo'to OSOar wcs occentwatlY turned
back to the French, who obewed,00nsiderable intereitjn hint:

TON . NEMMTBOMAXAvand AIDEIBAXA ' as reported . plaewbeires were


turned oat or mite/laud and plod in a awice.Red Grose Oanp in Meeohstv
Anstrim.' Dnjor arceby at 'the 7th yield Detachment agreed to contact
these. men, and keep. in touch with them for nbateverasee it might .ultimately
be decided to neke of thee. .

. .4: Ruppert Is at present in 1:9riel at yield. Base to awaiting further,.


. dispositions It is currently projeoteCto'eend him to 12th AG at the
.. request of col. Berding . of12 for a s Iindted period in order to ieeist . in a •
special Interrogation. . •
- .fr• f.
r, •C''. •

.
' 14 -
1
Vat
.

1..r.c:0RGIA AND THE GEORGIANS- -

--4415174:g-T-3
• Georgia,. a Soviet Socialist Republic, is located in ihe

Caucasus, with its eastern border on the Black Sea and Turkey,
its southern border on Armenia and its western border on Russian
Azerbaijan. It comprises 26,865 square miles in area, with a

total population in 1939 of 3 1 42,289... It is larger in population


than either Armenia or Azerbaijan, .although slightly smaller than
the ' l giter . i.n.area. Its capitol, Tiflis (Tbilisi) located the
southeaSt 'pOrticin of the province has a population of 519,175.

Until the beginning of the 19th . Century, Georgia evidently.


maintained a kind of quasi-independence, with its own king. The
tensions arising from its pOsition between Russia and Turkey, led
Georgia in 1801 to place- itself under the protection of the
Russian Emperor. 'A good deal of autonomy was evideatly allowed.
C.•••4

It was permitted to retain its own language and to continue its


awn 'culture. At the time Of the overthrow of the Czarist Regime
in 1917 the Caucasus as a whole found itself out of Sympathy

with the purposes of the revolutionaries. Each of the three


principal provinces in that area, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan,

: . proclaimed themselves independent republics. The Republican govern-

ment of Georgia ensued in an atmosphere; according to qualified


•observers, of intrigue, graft, and incompetence. Each of these
Republics eventually came under Bolshevik control, Georgia the

strongest being the last to succumb. The independent survival of


the newly proclaimed Republics Was short lived due to the failure

to achieve an effective alliance, amongst themnelves, principally

because of territorial disputes, and in December 1922 under


Russian influence and sponsorship they became a . sincle ConstituentLJ
••••:-•;•.'. REGISTRY rr'or'/
r
4k •

E l etglirr ffNot r

Republic known as the Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet

Republic. The Georgian Army attempted resisence but without

. result and the Georgian Republican gOvernmont fled to Turkey.

That . government, which has been e4ractorized as Menshevik, re-

tained its organization and in . .124 called from Turkey for another

uprising in Georgia. This was quickly suppressed by the Soviets.

The adoption of . a now Soviet Constitution on December 5, 1936,

replacing an earlier One of 1924, resulted in the splittins-up

of this Transcaucasian Federation into the Soviet Socialist . Re-

publics of Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

Georgia has furnished a numl:er of leaders to the Soviet

Government, including. STALIN,.and ot 1. -. p rs in high administrative

positions. Available evidence seems to Indicate that those who

.romained in Georgia have accepted their -political status although

• emigres and refugees abroad, whose numbers increased subsequent to

1GC2 and 1924, continue their • activitias and intri:zue for the

restoration cf Georgian independence.

The Menshevik -overnmont continued i s:actt. itios outside

Georgia'i although its seat was eventually transferred to .Paris


•perhaps at the request of the Turks. • The following names of

•cabinet
---- members-comprising that government ore available:
Noi ftAMIGHVILI
Noah JIORDANI
,..,,GEGETCHTORIA
1KLIOYERKI
/ERA=
ITSINTSADZE
- Isidore '3/1MICHVILI
/kAUDELAKI
prOhl.EIDZE

The emigre Georgians maintained the pretense of having a chamber


4-1 ;
{,
Ji.i/REE fowner-6

of deputies, included in which were the following me Pribers of a


so-called "National Democratic Party":

.AVALICHVILI
'TAKAICHVILI
'ABENA;I'.
i
\p avid4W4TCENADZE:(cou8in of Elisbar)
Spildohl,KEDIA (not Michael)
tASSETIARM , --- -
/FABACEVILI
TNCUTSCUBIDZE
tICHENKELI -
VECUAPELI .
Or those named above; VECEAPELI, killed in 1926 under unknown
circumstances, was reported to have turned Communist. Not

ILAYICBVILI died in the thirties.

.There is some evidence at during the thirties certain

Georgians.together with other Caucasians engaged in intelligence

work wherever . it could be found. A few are reported to have


worked for the French and the Germans, or both, and a Georgian

namedtEORUYIDZE is known to have put one FaydarYEAYAT formerly...

Charge d'affairee at the Afghan Legation in Switzerland in touch


with the Japanese in Paris, early in 1936. BAMAT was the leader

of a German fostered Caucablen Nationalist group the aim of whI;Ch

was t, establish an independent Caucasian Republic-. The Japanese

also decided to exploit the connections of this group and endeavoured,

in 1937, through BAMAT to establish a Turco-Japanese intelligence


association for the purposeof gathering information concerning

Russian activities. BAMAT's mission to Turkey failed of "official"

Turkish approval because of BAMAT's refusal to consent to the

TUrkish demand that Mir Ali : IAYTUT, a Turkish engineer


-
who had

established BAMAT's contact with the Turkish authoritles, be

designated chief of the group. 'Notwithstanding BAYAT continued


L1U £U
••
-• -•

MT
• ECREJ •
-4-

to recruit agents on behalf of the Japanese. The most important

of thebe were AliIKANTEYIR, a Caucasian, now believed to be in •


Switzerland, and HalillHASYREMEDOV, an Azerbaijan (aliaa Eash-•
medofilGeNC6REN, Has EMID0i7, Eail . EeklEacYAMEDOW lakt_W-ieved
to be in Istanbul: The Turks expelled BM -AT and fifteen Of his •
:followere,:including Mir All Haiti HASMEFNEt0V, All
KANTETIE;-Mehmet YTUCAv iOSMN riOga,:and 1 =1TAN Cabe,imost of which
Went to Germany'. .
Ealil ITASMENYEDOV rent into Iran and organized another
Cautasion group on behalf of the Japanese: However, friction
between the Azerboljardsand Geor8lans resulted in the latter
breakingaray from the leadership of.HASMI:ENELOV. AlthouEh our
source reports the Georgian group aS having been the more active

and to have produced the better .rosults there IS a dearth of in-


formation concerning the personalities Involved. The reports of

these agents rorkinF on behalf of the Japanese were submitted to


Hain Hideo HelmilNAYAO, ex2ert. on Russian affairs , at the Japrztnese

Embaesy in TtrIcey, Major General 4 4/-


Harz.°rATLIS;II Aitache
41; —7- • •
of the JaraneSe..Embassy, %Eke ..7, and his secretar, FazolITO.
An unfavorable report - by- NATA0 to Lerlin'resulted in the

withdrawal of support from EA/AT and his assistant YAF:TEVIR ex-

cepting with respect to the Iranian roup controlled by EASMEHYELT:

whose principal collaborators vcre 1E 1z:ender SITAIZAYAN (alias


SWEITZAYA0V), reported to have been killed by a Soviet agent, and

General ...rnannzE, a former eneral in the Fussian army whose

re.florted death has not been confirmed. Other groups then attemdtcd

to form organizations each of t .;r44th,;W


hi
objective of liberat-
H
SU:4
' -Ha
pn T-
- LOW 1: •

ing Georgia. One of these, known as the "Committee for the


\.
Liberation of Georgia", was under FrincelWRAT/ION-UOUKHARANSKY,

who has been characterized as the "pretender" • to the Georgian

throne. His committee lasted for only two or three months des-

pite a certain amount of support given to it by von RIBEENTROP,

who took an interest because the Prince, who had a wealthy

Italiah' wife, evidently had some:social standing. Another CDM -

mittee that was formed and died during this same period was one

organized by the following:

IAVANICEVILI
ITSERETELLI

-MAGALOFF
Spiridon KEDIA.

One reason for the quick death of these committees was due

to attacks on them by one Michael FEDIA, who was coming along

fast, in the eyes of the Germans, in the leadership of the

Georgian community. TEDIA had first become prominent when he was

designated by ACTMETELI to report to the Germans on the Georgians

in Paris. He later transferred the Seat of his activities tO:


Berlin. Unification of Georgian activity had not been completed

by lP43. The FEDIA organization was operating directly under the

• so-called . Kaukasische
'auspices of the SD, but there also existed a

•ertrauensstelle" under J ACII:yETELI, Which operated more or less

under, the auspices of the ROSENBERG Ministry. The conflict

..between these two groups was ideological among other things, since

FEDIA f s organization made some attempts to secure a promise by the

' Germans that thts constituent states of the Caucasus would be

independent, whereas the ROSENEERG group promulgated the view,

C$T4Dr-r
CT
L— 4 6 —
p lerr^r

which had to be accepted by those working with it, that the

Caucasus should have only a provincial or colonial statUs. In

1944 in order to unite the two organizations arid, more •important,

to bring about a unity of all Gaueatia:n,organizations, the Germans.


created and put all groups into one organization known as the

21"Kaukaaisnhe . Verbinderngstab". This . waa ..divided into four Sec-

. tionS, representing .GeOrgia, Armenia', Az.erbaijan and the North

Caucasus. The Georgian section was in charge of KEDIA, and the

following were active in it:

'IMAGALOFF (the pr:ty active_supervisor of those-


aus

• . working withthiy now reported


vROSEN5ERG_MinfOitry;

to be on the ast to of his German wife somewhere


between Munich and Salzburg)
.ALCHISLIA
' - , GIUBLIANI .
.TSOMAIA.

The north Caucasus section was under BAYAT I s old associate,

KANTEWIR.

The Georgians seem to have been used by the Germans for a

number of purposes. ? irst of all, they furnished recruits for -

fighting forces which the Germans were using under GeneralYVLASiOV.

VLASSOV . had organized a Free Russian army to fight with the

Germans which is reported to have had several hundred thousand.

volunteers in less than seven months. This arm sought the in-.

dependence of the Caucasus and consequently was 'opposed by the

ROSTN:TRG Pinistry. • A Georgian brigade was organized within the

army, most of the survivors of which made their way into northern

Italy after contriving to surrender to the PnEln7American forces

near the Austrian border.

A second objective which the Germans had in organizing the

ZO-CtiF
44

'Pecirgiana . was that of acquiring intelligence. For this r.urpoee,

KEDIA seems to have used, to a large extent, the old stamping

ground of Turkey.. •He made frequent trips to Turkey, travelling

under the name of Michael FOHLER. During one such visit he•

stayed with a Georiian named-IIVV=I. oriJAFFLI whose cover in


Istanbul was a buainess dealin t, - - in manganese. DJAYEId ras a

direct contact oft -LAM-MINCER who was atlac,tled_to . the office of

the.GerMan . Nav.al:Attache; on his last. two visits' he stayed with

oneiWEIDTMAN, coo.Lti
of etieak. One Georgian made

the statement-that KEDIA l s trips to•Turkey were for the purpose

of establishing contact with. the Allies, but no positive evidence

has been found. There was a substantial organization in Turkey

consisting largely of Mensheviks (members of the Social Democratie r: -

arty) who looked to NoahGE.DAT;IA (1dT IORDAI), leadAr_ef the .

.ENS urVIFS in Paris, for guidance. The Georgian organization . in

Istanbul whose activities were directed ty F.F.DIA comprised three

groups all of whose members rere members of JCP.D::.TIS.'s party.

This was coMposed of:


_ -
a)A Georgian croup permanently resident . in Istanbul:(Tur-
4
kish citizens): • SimaonI J ENTIAlexander
L IGAZAidSVILI Gzc:oslivria),
employed at the Ottoman Lank; Shalikc;I'FATANTADZE.

b) A Georgian group from Paris possessing French Passports:

l ' ETRESHVILI Karloi:ERIK; IMEON Simon tOGURBERIDZE;DIKO

DAVID.

c) A group organized by.J0PDANIA l s Private Secretary:

SandroMINAGAFI Alexander1VrISENEF (YEIZSNEF 8ad a French Pass-

post, but was protected by the Germans).


nfrurn,nz4 1
.4„; 4
'These groups are retorted to have been efficient and productive..

'DADIKO established a number of contacts on the Turkish side of

the Turco-Russian border, and one/MUSTAFA, a imareh#DM . rpm the .


frontier village Kemal_ Pap, Is known to have made regflar visits
to Istanbul where he contacted SufaMan AbashunzetSANJAMMADt,an

AdjArian (Motal=xdan r eorvian) The Germano sent to the Caucasian

groups Materials 'for sabota: , plus certain minority newspapsrs

published on behalf of the Caucasian groups in Berlin. Two other

men with whom the TEDIA organization is reported to have worked


in IstanbUi were:

.ESKOUIACEVILI
1.MENAHARACRVILI

The latter is rumored to have been a double agent whose primary

loyalty was to the British.. •

One. further function performed by the REDIA organization was

that of furnishing support and agents for the operation of the .

ZEPPELIN organization. This division of ArT.. VI, known formerly

as tANT VI/C A eppelin was set up by the Germans to carry out:


,.
intelligence and sabotage _missions in the Caucasus. The details

of its operation are . knowit only sketchily, but for the Georgians

the leadership seems to have been in the hands of F7DIA,_whose

-------contact in tt,..T V,I was a certaitAiENCELUAUPT: Among the German

officers working withiLfl.a Capt. DRESLER and Lieut.. INSER


/
have been identified. Elisbaii WATCHNADZE admits to having . briefed

paratroppers for sabotaEe and information missions to the Caucasus

area on behalf of ZEPPELIN. The dropping zones, at least for the


missions -with which triTCHWADEE was concerned, were intended to be

:SECRET ""7"'
SECRET

"BOTI" and "BOROTCHALIN". The missions were to have WT com-

munication and consisted of one WT operator arid five men.

WATCHNADZE claims to have discontinued, work for ZEPPELIN. fol-

lowing such briefing. Whether or not the missions were success-'

ful is not known, although SINDhKACRVILI has stated, in connec-

tion with a vague description of ZEPPELIN operations, that certain


— •:
Georgtana sent to the Caucasus were captured and shot by the

Russians. .

. The location of one camp was said to be at Teppel, near

Marienbad, Germany. Thie information was furnished by' an

Azerbaijani who also identified the followinE as Azerbaijan

instructors at the camp:

4'ALI=
iBAGEIROPF
1ABASSOF
1MAMEDON
IRDLIZADA

All of them were stated to be former officers of the Red Army.

This camp may have been confined to working with the Izerbaijanis.•
_
Evidently certain ZEPPELIN activities were designed7,to take

place at the front, during the German advance. ISINTJITACHVILI

has 'said that . he went to Russia in December of 1943 to be in the

service ofATCHAIVTCRAIVADZE who, he stated, was working with

ZEPPELIN. The objective was evidently that of sabotage and in-

telliEence operations in front of the German Armies, particularly

as they advanced into the Caucasus. The operation showed no

accomplishment for the German retreat started soon after. SIND-

JITACHVILI maintain S that thereafter he and a certainkLAC:',ARIADZE

engaged in helping Polish officers escape to Switzerland.


rtirti •
c'FfiRET %JUIN t “„.
44.Y.

- 10 -

The leadership of the Georgian community by TEDIA did not

extend to all CeorEians, some of whom seemed to have worked in-

'dependently for the Germans and,others to have disputed the .

authority of KEDIA. Among those who worked independently for the

Germana:. are•the following!

GaliBASCHIDISE: A Georglan_in_Berlin, who evidently worked


f
from 1937 to 1945 as a part of Abwehr, IWi, Bremen, 65 years old;

this agent was reputed to have worked particularly well with the

Japanese asid the Turks I n Berlin and to have reported to the

Germans information concerning Trans-Iranian oil, Russia and

Russian influences with recpeet to ttie oil, and Near Eastern

import and export business.

WAGLARILIDZEL.. Identified by TCHMELIDZE, chief KEDIA rep-


.

resentative in Italy, as one who work:ed. ., forthe, Awehr.. . It is

also stated that he attempted to be the Georgian representative

with Genera l VLASSOV.

IDIVITRACHVILT: This man was accused by kAVLIASEVILI,and

LauraiTATHELI (British wife of a Georgian refugee) of having

'worked for the Gestapo in Berlin. DIMITRACEVILI is obviously in


,

bad standing in the Georgian community, charges of embezzlement

and fad faith having been made against him. 7 is accusers state

that he IDLA
t s been a spy of lens standing, having, worked successively
. for the French, the Russians, and the Gestapo. He is presently

in Allied hands in Italy and instructions have been given that he

is to remain under surveillance.

Elisbar WATCENADZE:. Apart from this man's activities for

ZEPFELIN, discussed above, it has also been stated that he worked


"‘ :
4- 4 '1.,■?L-1-
. •

;:= 11 -

in Paris and in the French Provinces for the SD.


Dev4WATC7NADZE: This man, a strongly- anti-ComTunistic
Georgian, helped form a short-lived P. rmeno-Georgian community and
also; in'Berlin, ass:bted Prince EAGRATION-MOUKITAPAn7Y in his
efforts to form a Georgianorganization. It has been stated that
,• •
he was in AMT VI . agent in Rome; although hie associates are in-
clined to doubt It in view of his-
• •
chiftless character. It may
- ..... . . .

- have'.been a Case of mistaken - identity with Elisbar.

Among the most famous of the non-corroborators with KEDIA


' was ODICH4F.Ii (dAUDICHAR, TSAGOEFF). This soldier of fortune
l'
through the years worked for the Germans and the Japanese as well
as the'French Deuxieme BUreau. He had been a member of the French

Foreign Legion and returned to France after its occupation by tlie:-

Gemans. He thereupon. seems to have devoted his time to:fighting


the position of KEDIA as leader of the Georgians'. To prejudice
TED T A with the GerMans, ODICFARIA frequently denounced KEDIA as

well aesomc of his associates, either on the around that they

were workin secretly for the Soviets or for the Allies._ Thus

ODICETA denounced SINDJI 7 AGHVILI as being the bearer o/;'a

messa t:e from the British Intelii!,:ence . Service to'KEDIA. Despite

.these.efforts, the prestige of Kl: TIA reMained unimpaired,. perhaps

because of the full confidence Elven to LAT; HENGELHAUFT.

ODICEARIA Proceeded into anti-Maquis activities in France, and

became wealthy through black , market' operations. His anti-Maquis


activities. , which consisted of forming a band of deorgians to

engage in active suppression of the Maquis, hes led him to be

called "Infamoue" by one Georgian, (Flisl:a:' WATCHNADZE) as also

;
St-1.;f11-L
• •

-
- 12

to t request for hie, p:!rn e n t t.he French, who evidently wish


to.tr7 hit; a wsr erlrinal. .Amene OU,ICAFIe l s associates
were6AITACHVIL T , who also re:mits to service In thd Germs:, army
nealnet the Fusalenc; he was L-on e the first 100 recruited by •

KED T A after the :invasion of Puss.4 TALIACTIVILT is presently

.interned in ILe:y Ar,ifef. order nweitin further Inve2tieation.


The-most difficult ;art of ...any:discussion of Georgian AC-

tivitiea. for the Germans Is • to attempt to evaluate their Services

and find reason therefor. Despite the characterization of the

KEDIA-organization in Turkey as teing efficient and productive

the .specific project& which. the Georgians secned to have engaged.

in appear relatively insignificant. It has already been noted.:

that the ZEPPELIN activities on the Front were disrupted by the

German surrender', and the dropping operationa into the Caucasus

scorned to have resulted only in tha capture and death of those'

Participating.

SINUJIKACUVILT worked with FIDIA on the formation of a

Georian unit which was to liberate Georgia by proceeding -byerland


through Turkey. The scheme was worked' upon el&borated, and had

German approval, but finally for very veeee reasons It fell

through without a sinele , Coorgian having proceeded to Georgia.

SIND=ACHVILI is presently interned by the Allies in Italy,

pendline further iftvestieetioh.

Another scheme was tbc so-called / Georglan Cloister"

.was worked out by . K.SDIA IBASITITUS and a Father Michael? ARSCHNIS-

VILI. The scheme, which one report says should be attributed to

a certainYSADATIIIERLSCEIVILI, was designed to estsblish a cloister


••,, czt.%
;."1"-.})Fri'
AI 13

in Rome under the wing of the Vatican which could be used as a

trysting place and Communicational center for German agents in

. Rome.. The scheme fell through without having accomplished

• anything. There is evidence that BASILLIUS used the money fur-

nished him by the Germans for 114.41 own ends instead of establishing

the . cloister. In addition, Father TARSCHNISVILI evidently came

-to regard the. "cloister" as his s.nd objected to having radio com-
- • • - -

munications centered there. There is one further puzzling piece

of information. to the effect that the cloister, which existed

physically although it was never in operation, was used by

.BASILLIUS for hiding escaped Russian prisoners of war. There is

no evidence whether this was due to BASILLIUS i s sympathy for them

or whether he regarded them as prospective recruits for his awn.,

operations.

There is nothing to indicate 'why German efforts with the

'Georgians should have been as futille as they seemingly were.

It could conceivably be dye to the fact that the Soviet Union so

controlled Georgians, or so penetrated them, their-Schemes


that
,
were bound to fail. .There is Some evidence -that KEDIA 1 s ' organiza-

tion had been penetrated for two members of that organization,

[TC .HARTISCHVILI and Lieut. iiTIVANI, are now working openly for the

Ruseians in their
. Austrian zone: The inefficiency may have been

due to the ineptitude of the Georgians themselvae or their mutual

jealousies and suspicions. The Georgian community abroad, like

a number of expatriate groups, were closely drawn together but

rocked with mutual jealousies, accusations, and envy, and this

may have led to An inabilit y


....,,..:„,„,;•
'aTomplish anythin8 substantial
r 44,,_
'"""21wo i

4:47.

WC-pjr

for the nermans.

Even at this time . mutual recriminations continue, as evi-


•denced by Allied interrocaticns of Otorgians. Thus DIYITRACEVILI

bas denounced the followin g: members oftho Georgian community as


having been German collaborators:.

SIND.717AnVILT TCHYCLIDZE (discussed below), FAVILTACEVTLI, Elisbar

WATCErAirZE, ALCHTBATA, and BET7YACTIILT. He has also named the

follorini: as agents who worked for TFDIA:


tGUARAVADU (i re7orted.ta have been arrested by the Allies in Milan);

1BARANIRDZO'KARDOW0a Turk wha:has perhaps returned to Turkey) and


DJAKELT (now . deceascd, with a son presently in Spain). DIVITRACH-

VILr, on the other hand, has been characterised as a blackmailer

by Elisbar VATCENAME who states that DIMITRI ;XEVILT organized a


scheme with one‘OPERIDZE and Miss MiriamAKERESSELIDZE to

.blackmail prominent Georgians. Among the intended victims are


said to be, WATCHNADZE, SINDJIKAC7VTLI, and PALIASHVILI, for being

German a;ents; and a certain Mrs.IFOMARTELLI, whose principal

recommendation fcr beln hlacknai7ed seens to be that she is quite

•stealthy. Ther'e have also been nutual charges of embezzlement in

the CeOrE.ian connunity, traceable to certain funds of Georgian

orEan!zations wtich made their ray into the hands of Andividuals.

Most ofthese accusation5 center around the persons of SIrDJIT:ACEL-


• VTLT and TCTTYGTIDZE. Tnc 1:1tter is a GeOTE,ian•who worked for the

ROSENBEIU ministry in 1941. 7e admits that he had been out of


Soviet Russia since the 20 1 s and that he had been abroad under a

RuSsian passport until 1937. Fe maintains that this was for

purposes of convenience but that in 1937 renewal would have cam-

S-FCRFT
SEC
promised 'him with the Soviet rn!on end accoldin4:ly at that time
he applied for, and received, a Cernan passport. In the ROSEN-

• FWEG ministry he worked . under Dri\:MACALOFF, and vas appointed


.Chiof of the Georgian Colony in Italy in April 1945, Officially,
'•
his position in Italy was that of chief YrepreSentative of the

."Kaukaeische Verbindungsstab". He is presently in Allied hands,


-.-
in Italy,.awalting-further•interroz;stiOn.

Certain other Georgians are known to have been active on

behalf of the Germans, r% lt h ough In 'rot cases InformatIon concern-

in them is scant. One is FANTCRICUVILI, an er4;ineer, a rep . resent-

ative of Siemens in Milan during. the war. .Another idiSCHAVGULTME,


a close associate of FEDIA I s and more specifically - pay master to
the families of Georgians who were fihting on the :astern Front.
Three others who might be of some intereat because of their-anti-

Soviet reputations are: GirierdNAFASHIPZE Nicholas/YATASHIDZE

.andIZAflAPIADZE. Others Whose names are found In reports include

SHAVISHVILI a former Georgian delegate to the League of Nations,


_
now living in Geneva; andlIANSSARI2ZE, e former German FW nervy-

said to be acting as a Soviet aront of the Repatrlation Commission.

Two other individuals Who should be mentioned in this connection

are CardinAI TISSRANT, who has written to the Briti.sh Y Intstry in


Italy protesting that certain Georgians are no bein forced to
return to USSR against thetr rill; and a certain PrinceesSF!-.72,"/NC7I
whose son Tas an QS S agent, and who Y7.7EIA is reported to have rro-
tected in 5erlin. Elisbar WATCTINADZ: catrie to be a particular
friend of the Frincess, who apparently renamed in Italy throughout
the War.

SECRET
EST..iVi HIKE C
- iiECRET
Since the end of the war, t:,(1 :,eorgians seem to have con-
,
, centrated In Italy, au also In Switzerland. K2DIA 1 7 1' ---'''

and TCM'OIA are nil said to have gone to SvItzerland w'f.cre they
i
'-,
proceeded for t Ine announced purpolie of wor::In6 wit:. the 0-I8e to

insure fair treatment of leorcjane_o:. :natters c2 re;atrietion to


- ;
the Soviet Union. p', :scent refort•states t:Int =IA has pro-

ceeded to France. Moro :13 also a co:Icentration of •3eorgians in

Nun‘ch. 'nose Include 7:r -CTA N,ho had i reviously been reported
in Swit ...erland with IMDIA. 7'.15 in.:171a.al, characterized as

"chief of pollee" for the 1TSDT;, ,...rgznizatl:). n, Is supposed to be

working In Munich with ALC:111I,IL, i':;.2ArS:VIII and a eertain

IVAGAIOWSEVILI, who had been associated with 171.1.A's Georgi

Liaison staff writing anti-Soviet propaganda. TASAFS:VII - who


has been characterized as leader of the L:eorrian "National

Socialist Party" Is reported recently to have written to*VaLCi:I,


another associate of KZDIA, urging ti,at all representatives of

KEDIA l s old Georgian liaison staff return to Vuulch since crontacts


have been established there "witl, the Soviets as wel l az
with
American authorities".

In Italy, Prince hLT prczented to the ZritiLh a proposal

for the formation of an or..antzation to L;at'r.,cr intellince for

the Al l ies, the quid pro quo to be a rose the Ailie of the

indeponderice of the file In

. e:: in conslcratle detail t'ic


Was':%intcn, outlic. and orEr;niza-

tion vhic' would be ado-itc:f..

There L attaced hereto - aa Appendi.x A index

of personb mentioned In this 7 ..emorandum, together with references

of pages on which they are 7entioner'.. •


/DECLASSIFIED --'
AND RELEASED B
CONTROL January 30-, 1946
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
SOURCESMETHODS EXEMPTION3B2B Bx - 64(
NAZI WAR CR INES DISCLOSURE ACT

1
DATE 2001 2006
To: Saint, WashinTton
1):E5
Subject: Michel KEDI4 Georj4an Nationalist -
• 1. We refer to our BX- . 193, BX Memo dated 25.9 .451
BX-5. 64, BX-575, and cables 'Bern . 399, daed 13 Nov 45, and
•Bern:104, dated 28 Jan 46. ;- :,..,_ v. ,.

- . 2... . In View or - • the recent offer by Michel' K.-63)1A of . the \..,
use of his. "Georgian Chain", we herein summarize what information
- 1y e .. have. on :the • man.. As . we believe tIlis 'man . . to be extremelY well ../ •
known, we would axpreciate tra.ces on him and his . alleged chain, j .
from any field- stations and/or Wa.shi..gton 7 London.. - -
3. DB7 first contacted LEDIA at the request of the
American Consul in Geneva,- who had received a request for information
from the Coriunercial Section Of the Legation at Bern.. DIA, who • .
was born in. Georgia in. 1902, is living at 1 Rue des Granges . , Geneva.
During the interview ICEDIA proved talkative : end , ap-oeared ready to
answer all questions. He anparently assumed that DB7 hid s.ourciaóhed
him in regard. to his part in the cs SEARJI.N. S.Kg.!_base- 7- SKARjn.SKA;;,!:
biting an SI agent dispatched to Berlin in.:1944:-oy It. JOLIS.
Paris) to . contact . various Members :. of the Georgian group in Berlin.
• • (SI here is acainted with DIA, but have-regarded' . .him: aa a long
range proposition which 'they at; . the moment are not anxiblis
assuMe.) ,:• '1DIA 'told. DB7 that he had alwayS,:been , .actiVe .among;'''' .
Georgian, refugees, '..)ut, claimed that he had never been intereated•in
3r. Political activity until the Geran' m arMy. . arriVed in Paris.
• (f, ShortlY' . thereafter a Dr. : maiaoR.ap i:rcia.ctiled , f:ICODIA. ;.- . .stating:that . •
1 T.DIA had been recommended oyvariouS Georgians in Berlin.; KI),AlatER
asked KEDIA' s collabor .,..tion: • ApPrently .it_r;DIA: needed little con-
vincing, , for 1941 saw him in'Berlin. He. sta• yed-'4n that c:ity thrtt .ae7..,;-.., .h . '
i
out most of the war.. KEDIA mentioned as ins principal ' contacts . .' 'A
ta......t..Dr. :G:REETE of ' the S ' I.S. (SW. ); Dr. . WEBER,
i,---,----N- _ : of •tie • Abwehr •v -Prof .:. /1
I 'Gerhart,y,4211,:irk,L iDE, of the ROSENBERG ministry. (iaDiA states .the,.,t,
a eorges : KETP.ETELLI, now in lauiich working for the -Americans :, is7:: -v.

1.
i 1 reality, vom MENDE.) During this period in Berlin KEDIA was -7--- ..!••••

.
\-- y ided by a Dr.,.. 1.aRri of the IRC in Berlin.' . - , ...._,
. .
1.....--s..:-.D;

4. Most of these peo p le, according to ,KEDI.P.., were


vinced anti -Iiitlerite s . Some of them were -, aware --t1Lat s,SICAR3I1iSKAT III • '

Was an American agent, but allowed him tO". continue to funci'fbn, , .1):. ".‘
the hoPe that he wOula be able to present the Allies with a.list...
of anti-Nazis in Germany. During thie tithe, however, ..12DIA t•—tits
recruiti ng 195 Ger ol_

a 11; f.s.: z
t • ,,,,G.,,:raLE..n army. . After seein ' I . -a-,,_-
. .,./ii_ 3
. :'• '"--f. '" : "'66Tsst-rICATION =LED ° - .
- li'86.--:--//t177-7/Sej
.._..,„,..,:;. , Trica :::1 4: . 2 i.::?.1: C ONITRaLl- .
AITTH.,011T7 OE
---ris,0 4 LT
CONTROL1
men were treated, and how Russian PW's fared, EzDIA states that he
spent much c .F his time stLempting T..c alleviate their distress. He
also claims to have protected various Georgian Jews. For this
work the Jews supported his wife and children who were left in Paris
when KEDIA-went to Berlin: (His fathi1 is now in Megeve, France.)
In an episode that is not clear tO - us KEDIA reportedly saved .
ERICZE from the Germans. In'gratitude for this BERICZE has been
KEDIA for some time. While in Germany, for example,
KEDIA received 11,000,000 French francs from .BERICZE. Through'.
Dr. WEBE .6 , KEDIA met Eugen LANG (with whom he no corresponds in
Spain) of the OTTO Organization in Paris. WEBER instructed LANG
to set aside a part of the profits frOm the OTTO organization for
KEDIA. ' ToBIRMANN, also connected with the LANG, BERICZE group
An,Paris, .lent KEDIA 5000. marks . at One time.
3. In this first interview DB7 gathered thatKEDIA.
believed . himself'beihg kept in-Switzerland by the Americans for .
some future' use. Four days later; however, KEDIA again called at
the CohsUlate . to inform D37 that'he,..KEDIA,' had been informed . by -
the Swiss that,'he_and . three.friends IRKAIITIM
. ,ALIBELKOFF..were to be interned by the . Swiss-7 the reason being
.:..ge,i.7;aariy . POlitical activity. (Djk.:ALIAN, J . 1ANTIMIR and ALIBEIKOPP.
: care: represehtativesof the exiled Georgian , gov'efilatTE'and.617TTI.7"--
.
G.eneva .. ..) . : 11t:: :401,Its had previously told KEDIA that in event of any
difficulty With the'Swisb.ha should contact Mr.: , MELLUR (former SI
representative in Geneva).- TEDIA Suggestedto.DB7 that the
Americans interne on his behalf with the Swiss: : The reason or
cthia'actioh . WoUld be that-weShoUld have the use of his GeOrgian--
..intelligenceJietwork,' with it's.Putposts.allegediv:reaChing-as.far-.
. .a.s . MoecOWICEDIA/atated thatit would ba.iMPosSiblafor'him to
....this phainfrOM:aninternment camP. • •
. . •
' '' - Anoth=rsource- who is t aware -".11 t• tris office
ha's had any contact . with XEDIA,has:ttated . that BERICZE, whOie
receiying:Money . from Turkey„.is . perturbed. about KEDIP's Coming
.::internment:-. .:BERICZE hda . contihued.tO finahce'KEDIA'and. . . . hiSchain.
here in . SwitZerIand: . ', Oar:ZeoUr'Ce'jatates that While-7-FtIk
• 'p
olitician and'ihtereated in the omniresent:Georgiane ., BERICZE
• is interested in little but money; .BERIOZE' is afraid that the.
..chain will:be . broken if KEDIA:is not able to' contact them. . lie

.refuses flatly to :nave anythihg '66 do . with any Of.the.Georgians


other than KEDIA..
.This office; has r:-.ceived two warnings concerning.
L-L'D1A and . his . a l leged Contacts with -the JE-ianders.- ;Prince
'TheiM6U,ai t.BAGATIA, himself highly a.spect as a. former German
agent, reported Voluntarily to DB1 that KEDIA wat : iin Contact with
CONTROL
LIE-land service anu was a•danorous man. An excellent Source,
whose'mission .iapenetration . offE-1.and • groups in Switzerla!..d,
has also declared KEDIA,to be dangerous • aLd to be in contact
the TE-L.S..
.• ..8. • In view of this confuse.: story, our incomplete
information on KEDIA and his Gsorgiane, • and their many contacts,
DB1 is leery of the whole situation.. • For, if KEDIA; who appears
to be a professional White Russian, is actually . in contact with
the JE-land service and is offering his nrtwork in a penetration
attempt, any action on our . part WoUld involve ectriple.agent
operation. • • • •
• •
9. Enclosure "A" is a report by MIA originally
prepared:for Lt...JOLIS,. a copy of whichKEDIA gave DB7.
Enclosure "B"%is •e.statement, apparently a routine handout,.
wLich EEDIA also presented. to DB7 durinE their interview.

• • • (lik • • •

DB5

Approved .1537-

DB1-

I"
:
Distribv.tioh: tabhington. (
*London. (1)
' Austria (1)
• GerinanSr.. (1)
• Rome (1) -•

: 'Parie (1) .

Files (1)

Enclosures: All dislaibution:.


77^ tr.
•I; . !; ' .
10

Ei •
lii

t1

—,2
varch 1914.

re5 OtitAltilFIE,D . ,AND . RELEASE.D BY


t.d,I.X.:1111.1\DUM CUTRAL ATELLIIEACE•,A6ENCY
80URC • EIRE. T1t00S . E1CfMPT I ON311211
Subjects blichael KEDIA.
- NAZI WAR C0.11q.SOISCLOSURIACT•
DATE 2001 2006 ...
I. Background; activities under the ;•Termane.

Wichael lil,; 'DIA; . (Michel Elf.DIA); * K;)21-11..ER, Michael.


Born. : Georgia . (USSR), 1902.. . • .
Former addresses: (a) 99 ICurfuestendaara, al rlin .1 31, Germany.
• . (b) 4 • Rue des Presidannes., Croissy, • France..
• " • •-•••

(c) Vesines (near Paris), France.


• Present address : 1.Ruo des Granges, Geneva, Switzerland..
Languages: Russian, Ib'rench,. Genf:an. • . .
Profession: Yoghourt alanufacttirer;- „•
. •. Parent: . Stated to be son of Ifeki KEDIA, ex-director of pairete
Georgienne n onephew - of piriden 1EDIA.. .
. .. .
:. 43. claizod
'-'- •oc
- : . • •:;-:----rield Jarman passport I. 857, issued Berlin 15 :Zarch
to be Gerran national of ttrrenian origin (probably a part of
his cover).. . . . . . . .
. . • . .• .• .
.
Travels: . Visited Istanbul (from Prague)one in 1 943 . Warch 26th; ;
and-twice in 1942, staying only . a few days each tire.-
.. - • .. - .. ... • .. •
. .. .. .
. • .. . . •
s ult..tcAttr.
( ," . .
. . •
. . .

. . . Subject was in the service of • the . • rerrains . frox 1941 until . the •tirm
.
of the German collapse. .iie first recruited Caucasian PO/Os in order to for.
an ant .i 4 Goramnist . legion. In 1942 and 1 43 'he recruited 44ents for tie SD to..send
to the Geucas .us-by parachute'. During. his 'visit to Turkey in Dacember . ( 1 4-3) ••
' lie . 7.--4.s reported to have attemOted to' find staff far a %-•r eorgian.: monastery to
be set up in Rome which should include two sr, agents.. He was. Connected ..,dth
Friedrich .1A qi •7"..11( and . Eugen 1.116. • A plan . was made . : in autumn 1943 to . set up ...
. ' . • •• a Georgian cloister in Rome under Vatican protection and • a nang the maks • .

' • • to in:tzrod.ucs two 'agents: . who were td iceep contact with the. SD net in the city.
1 - principal 'persons connecte /14th this- , scheme were Sub4eat, iSaafthieraschwili
'MILS, FatherTarschsaisvili thiCiELE and the SD chiefS7';APPLIT-TO:nriti,
'Y . 1.0. —dairlZsr.. Subject'sject's
• ' .---
CIIITS r was a-4— '•.•tnree.
pick 1*• • • —. rom
novices f ." • Ain,g,. tte Georgian •
• •. p emitgazits in German‘y anã . send' them to BASILIOS; then. they 'Would be..reoonurended
i ' to Father . :.;ICHELE, .who' Was to.be the cloister Abbot.....The three novices sent
. by Subject were found unsu itableand . many d if f i culties . arose . • • .
. . , ,N.' 1 ., • l ' • • . .
Subject was in Contact' with: ...-Ist II,,Paris, from 1 Sept 49, 'on.•Fie
: made trips to Abwahr II Eq. in Berlin t6 -ErTsitit..rGeor 6 . ,-ian independence. in .. .:
' case of inVasion ofRuss'ia.• Re wanted. to ' take over the s .Georgian- goveriunant—•:.!
af the country's liberation. ter, This was the subject: ss

( A Lip; 4 • • . +7 4:: Of cTrciv.-ri,-‘py,


• (iIi.. p. 2)
/ , 1,•
L-tHOWZ• ;, ant:IV: 01v LL/h.L.;lii;V;:;i:. :Star the outbreak of Russo-.
houtilities, Subject lived il rlin, ihere, throdgh Abwehr and ;;igh
Comrand, Ize hi direct connections with the li:iuistrY of Foreign itifuirs.
. In his three trip..; to Turkey ho propumi the ground for uprisings in tha
Turkish .1a.. Caucasian frontier regions. ;e formed a Georgian office at

7
. 6 ;Lye. .sully.-Prudhem.s, Paris 7.
v
.• Ls was a.ssociated with Gtandurtonfuotirerti3I . Also with
SilliaGUI.IDZE up until 1941. • ;

• 1/1
. Subject recruited ;.kelti'T,CHIia...1)2,F. ancr Other Georgians fur the ••
Tida.11:011groups.
:. • Juit before Corr:nit/ declared war • On- Russia, .:iubjeet • • /a .4 •

was very active in looking •up- all • the ••.• ;eorgi:ins in irence. When war %;:.:3 .
0

declared, be called them all together and told them they could return to • •
their native land if they would join the Jen:ans. lie said thatthOse . ho • •
did not volunteer to go at first could net • re turn Subject apparently
1:1 ter.

had co:vplote. charge of the Georgians although he . did not go with them . on -
the TAICE.Rh . projects. TC1-ir2k2i .claims that EF.DL. was chiefly responsible for
the whole business, and that he acted through ambition-,. and not- •
through Georgian patriotism.
. • ALVA/Z. .
F..xbject headed the Georgian section of Amt (Zeppelin), P.SH1,
which deals viith sabotage and subversive operations in ,ussia. He enjoyed
the complete ; confidence of the Gerrnans and was allowed to direct all the
.political penetration work... He also directed opera •tionS out of Turkey. He
took an active part in-the ' work of. the Georgian National Conxiitted,•an or-
ganization Organized and subsidized 'after 1941 by . .F.OSEiH3ERG'S'L f.inistry for

Eastern Territeries. .•
• • • • • • •
. Subject collaboratc...d . .actively withrlif.Mi.T,; (another Georgian, c'nief •
of tlso. • Georgian Liaison Staff (Germany)) andthoGo rmsin . occuiation authori :tie3. •
in . France;:recruiting eGeanmetians . for labor service in . Geraanyi where. they • • •. •
'. were ta1oen • 6rer byBA:" ...C. and forced to . join . the -CroorgiscLe .VerbindUngsstab i . ; •
sti.e. 'Georgian . Liaison S.;aff): . KED. 11., together with his. fat.her-in7lav.
.and hiS wife (who %vas the miStress of a certain iiptijdf. :iMISTL.14,
ill Abt. VI,• in Paris), played , the -.:;er:aan cause for what they we wor and .
• • ••

.2/'1) QLI • • •
•• X has the secret.m.sw given to a .-.4.5..4.aion na.ae. up of Georgian agent re-
•. .*. cruj:ts.• The agente •were trained at the Chateau de. liocquencourt (Fr•a:.2ce), and
• the..allowanCes were paid from the Georgian office at 6 •Ave -. Sully -Prudhoure,
. Paris. his . ',mission' put about 350 unn . at t: •,e disposal of different ; units• at
the Brandenburg Division for special wdrk. ••

16'2-
tilh)1A. p. 3)

actively collaborated not only./ with bxt throu,gh the undiatien of


• th Iiptstuf,lilaiGELHAW : of At. VI of the . 11.511A in Berlin.Y

SuOect is dCscribed as an opportunist . of the purest water


who at all timstri/e6. te play both sides. Thus, he helped sttgy .Tews• • •
in knopin.;.;• thein out of jail for adequate financial reminerations,
and later in 3:)-rin, while er anizing the •.:Porgische Yerbindangsstab and the

Geori;ian .B.',:;11-ting Units .;ithin the SD and the .P'S, he kept' up his connections
to Goorian ii.aschevik Irredentist circles and to soviet agents atd cells,
'

such as the .1tV1) agent najer E ABOLINIA, Who»: he gave ref ae aithin the
. .

Georgische"Verbinddngsstab and shielded . frenk_..the ;:ostapo. •


II. • Flizht to Switzerland.

•At the collapse of jeraluiv atbjecZ fled to switzerlanci, taking
thhint cll. the :money of the Zleorgische ierbindangsstab, together
EilatIliALIP-I' of the si) the liaison ran ..i ...h.the..delo.rglak.Units,.. BAL:AT also .

went to 6witzerland..The reasOn for subject's and'BAIL'O's being in dwitzerlancl


.

(t'...deir subordinates went to Italy) isbecauSe they, presumably, intended to • •

intervene with the International fled Cross at ,ieneva on behalf of the


C aucasian P 01: 's and d isplaced- i.e rsons in British ard A.orican .occupied terri-
. • •

tory , to prevent their deportation to r■ussia.


.- .
'llith the help of his . and his forran connections, ..kbject
r..W n
. ey ..

soon started again his political activities together with Banat in .=dtzer- ..
land, and is. re orted to have .established contact ..a.ith ...rican ..and l.a itish - •
p . • .

inteiligenc,e , agencies.' In addition,. it is re Ported he . hes co m into contact ... •


Iv ith • Soviet into llige nee of f i .cers , . mre particularly wit" the Soviet lie- f
• patriation Corstission in Salzburg,' one of the .aembers . of • whichi -Capt. • • • !

! ki'SHARfIS:PTILI, is in constant cernaspondence ,with hira.:- ••. • •

. •Vrorcl has been re ceived that Subject's group (i.e.. the •formr
-

' eorgiache Verbindungsstab) in rdinich . has, started to' fork once :tore in
j

:unich; with contacts to both the Sevieteiand Ai neriCan authorities. I:cre r

specifically, it has ben reported that stle ,fermerChiel. of Police of .thi


Georgische Verbinclungsstaby •one iilexandrM' L SCLIVL;:, vies •fOund in, a• n caz. near •
(2 . a• p .

BregeiT4; from .w:::ere he roc . brought by plane 'by the. Arre :leans to: Salzburg •
. . •

and fre:r. there to'..iinkb., .....lci e ho.,. .ie/noa •,•:1;:inig•wit,. the fct-rter collaborators
. l

of Subject, such as fu.,CHI LAt ; and-tJ...iAIdSVII,I, ondIffi


• . ,.1....L02/-::.,'......AL0'.7SigILI,
. •
allegedly receiving the assistance f t the Atieridaus;. .- . such a transportation, etc. • •,•

. ...r
iYarthertnore, a certain hota iitL ilf,jia.i.j....1., reportedly .itbje.cz's•
G :

right-hand . man arll . 111,-3 liaiaon with during . th:: tin .: of *the-.
601rii-A ,pgents. y

■3corgische Verbindungsstab, who lived in .:Jialzb.,x,..;. sm.:: rsintha (1943), Obtained


. -

ports at the end of •,..ugust fro:a the i'rench local liaison officer for his .. .
. ' .

ropatriation. tc France via SwitZerland. 1-b (J:tiLL‘1,..1) wa:,. taken to


• thf"..t • . .

SWisS .border, with his wife and parents, by •the. above :rentiOnectriSi:A.IffIel:;711.1
and •

P-3
(K...14. ;J.. 4)

/V ,
al)d Lt.4X11 1/Aid on C September 45 with instructions for Subjact to .enlarge
as much is possible his Georgian Committee in Switzerland. At tie same
tine,20USCHIEIL, the chief of theNernar Hilfsverein (Committee for the
assistance to peo?le 'reluctant to return to the soviet Union), was pre-
vailed upen by various persons to entrust ;:be reyr.ef.z entation of his coinnittoe
in Switzerland to Subject as fur as the ;.;‘.:or„iisn interests were concerned.:
• VS. 4) E: . ,
FrOm another source it issreported that one Nina 'OD2S7p.JIngYIP,._
who worked . for ja6t in Berlin, was contacted in J'tuguiT—Or...)eptemter (1945)
by SubjeCi frOAriffizerlamd through couriers (assisted by the Soviet Re-
.. patriation Commission), and that Subj3ct wants hr to go to/Switzerland.
.Subject's reasons for this are .no entirely clear..

This sulemary on KMIA should be road in conjunction with the


report (Ref.
GisORMA AID TaE GEORCIA.M. no. ' , ). ,

•r
- '
?CIL- •

,73
Y
SECII
• I V 3 1


• • 13 x

Ai 'A e47 k
.13 March 1946

TO: SAINT, Bern


SAMT •

SiTr4FLT: tbeorgian8- in General KFZIA et all

. • • 1. We are forwarding for your information and . .eval-


uat ion a. study : recently. ..coMpiled:by this branch . On -..the.•subject
of Georgia and the Georgians . which contains an-Ands-Xi In con-
junction with this., wo hove also prepared a Compilation of -
all recent informhtion onAMIA.

• 2 . AttechmentS ." • •
• (1) . Georgia and • Georgians
• • , (2) 1C2.1- 1A •

. •

S II . -1e g 67 - IA/ /-* / t.•••


yL/ 1 7,, .

.3T'F:JCT : Michael iCILTIA_


.. C. . .
. • ..• . . . •
Michael 1DIA; (Michel 1-.11 . 1A) ; (4 1:01.1.!li, ric: .el. •
. Born : Georgia (SR), 1902. •••
Former addros. ses: (a )• 99 Kurfutptendamm, : orlin 'ii 31,
. flermany •
. (b). 4 Rue .des • Presic:annes, Croisay„
• France- . .
.. (c) •Vesines (nor Paris), France .. ••
Present addreas: 1 Rue des Granges., Geneva, Cwitzerland.
LanguaGes: Russian, French, • German . ' • : .
,Profosd ion :. Yoghourt manufacturer ..• . r • . • . •
Parent: Stated to ho - don ..ef.Meki 7.:11.)17.,.• ex-director • •
..: • • of "Surote Georgienne"., nephow . :Of SO:ride:1, PIA.
Hold ildrrnan • pa ssport No. 857, issued Berlin ip March ' •
, ••• • - 43. Gla /Med . to be Gordian national of Armenian
• . . origin (probably .a part • of his. cover.) -
:ravels: Visited Istanbul. (from •Prague) on ge in. 1943 .
. - . (ger eh 26th) ; and twice in 1942, staying only
.• a. few days •esch time 6 . . . . .

-.,.. •

. . . . . • . .

16 • According . to Our files, • KFDIA I.'s f irst• reported •


contact with the Germans occurred around- . September,-. 1940.- . This
contact was with the . .Abwehr II section • of. Ast„' • Paris ...While. . . .• •
Connected . w ith• A st , Faris, it.MIA made, trips to .Abwehr- ..II hid-
quarters in • Berlin' preaumably on "subjects concerning • _activitios •
or the Gormand in. Georgia. in the code of an invasion •of .Rus 5 i.ti .
. . .0O report: stated . that ha.T1A wanted to ta .ko over-direction of -
.: .• d Georgian government *after .his . .cbuntry t d:. liberation:hy- the. • .. : : .
::`..-,..invaders. '..This •report • also .;states. that • subject häd-Conforences .
- •: •-. with • such high-level.figures : a 6-;CANAR IS i ":. • LABOUSEik.i.: driii:527cirr LOH- . •
.• ... ITIGROVO... - There was::a . . Georgian. office .1.ri ...Par is .1u:rider the. ' : • '.. • :
. • • . •• direction . of s. subject ' at 6. Avenue' Sully-Prudhomine •:• -;:':':-:''Y-':*: ::•••:' . • ... •• ..

2.. The. .ckironelogy • Of. dubject I S Ei:CtiVities • Under the • .• •


• • Germans is hot . clear.." These a .ctivitieshoviever; .consisted of:
•..the following •. • • • • ••. . ' • •••• •• • ••
• .•. . • . •
• • ••• •. Ca). Just '.*!before Germany declared .- war on Russia, • ditbjoct •
• was reported .' to :• boi very busy looking ; Up all the :.*OeOrgians in;
: France.' .• Whon . .War wris: declared, ho. called them. s alr:toether • • • .•
• •and • • told: them that.. they could return .to • their native. lcnd if .. • .
•• • they.'woUld oir . the •Germans • These • GOorgiand .wore.....then trained.
• . at the 'Chateau de , Rodquencourt. SUbject made them :Sign papers : •
:.• in Gorman promising to reveal- nothing they learned -there. 'After
they were trained., they .r-turned to . Paris' and were:•paid 100. •
• francs. an ily while subject awaited Orders .. froin . thse Germans •••• • .
• for their disposal. " TAMARA It secret name "g. On to to •.::sissiens
• . — .made up of Georgian . agent' recruits ., and it is • CIaidied7. : that • XDDIA
• .•5.s oh iefiv . responsible for :the whole TAMARA preject . ...:-i ' slt • is , • .•
also claimed that although . the recruits: 'wore ettraetici'cin
. •: basis of • a pr.oposed liberated :Georgia,. '
• - •
E
-1- PePt,•71-

)69-P-1-0W59-*

cs'

were of tl:e f&ci; t;1,; LI;s: ir


mor:ly intended to use
the people In the TAIIA:.A project fox' special operations and
had no intention of liberat;ng the Georgians, and that
was driven by ambition and not Georgian patriotism.

(h) • Subject recrldted Caucasian FV'a n order to form


an anti-Conununist L :Igion. During 1942 and 1943, he was re-
ported recruiting agents for the SD to send to the Caucasus •
by parachute. This may or may not bo identica /.• with 'the'TA7.,./RA
project. It is known that in connection •with this activity, .
subject was in '11 :rkey dvring 'arch end December of 1943, also
once previously in 1942. During !'is J)ecomber visit he is re-
ported to have looked for a stnff for the proposed Geer:Jen
. i lenkstiry to be set up in Rome. Thia. project. is.. doi:cribed on
pave. 12 and . 13 of the Study, Georgia and the'. Georgians : ••In
•addition. to the Georgians mentioned in-...1E07X . udy• entrusted.. •
. with the mission of organizing the it is reported
that itAPP1;-:R, RZISSY.ANT of the SD wore-behind the .
scheme. MIA is sup;:osod to have picked 3 novicee 'from among
the Georgians of his.aequaintanee to be sent to theneloister".
who ware, however, later found unsuitable.
• • •
KIMIA was reported . Chfef of the Ge.orgian• Section
.(c)

of Amt VI/C/4 the so-called . Zeppelin Section of Group C of •


At VI of the RSP.A, which had the over-all' responsibility for •
Russia. The Zeppelin .Referat ran si:raight intelligence, •
sabotage and subversive operations in Russia.

(d)• Subject, at one time' or another ', was reported


have worked with all of the various erman Agendics concerning...
Georgia . . • • • •

.. 1. The .Georgian lie t I one.1 Committee which was • . part
of the Rosenberg ?..!inistry for the ocdupied . .eastern• .territoriea.
• •'• •:. • -: - • : :under ...:
. . • • • 2. Tho GeOrgische Verbindungsstab which* was/the :....
direction Of—BANAT, . and . •••
. • • . • .
3. Kaukasische Vertraucnstelle. ..

moo emir

3.. The'.conta•cts mentioned by 1DIA in your BX-625. • .


do not moan. much to us here espcially considering the high •
level • of all Ki.:DIA s positions With the. Germans and especially: '
the (US. The only rr. . KRAr R we • have herb vies, connected with •
the Abwehr in- Cologne and the specialist in eeonomic.. esp•ionage
w interests. irectod chiefly toward . the USA.. The :Dr. -Greffe
6

of your BX-625 is undoubtedly °stubs f. Dr. • GRA8FE ., former chief

-2-

SECk.
of 71- 0 and in chnro of all activities p.gainst Russia,
Turkey and rear .!est. (IRA: wcs reported to have been
l 'Illed in ja nue ry of 19/.4 in e motor accident and to have
been succeeded hy Ostubef Helmut TSC', I..}:SKY', about whom .
little including his whereabouts is known, in which matter
/CELIA could possibly be of help.
• 4. The Dr. BEF:..P. of your 1.X-625 . is likewise not
clearly identified here among the many VEFOT. I s in our files, .
unless he is possibly Oberst Fritz WELEN (i.4 Dr. OMA1D who was
in Paris in the npring of 1041 and was throughout the *sr
connected with bbwehr I in Frr.nce. Ts there any connection
between the TCT'I .:1; of your PX-625 and the Sett 'ULMER who occurs
on Psgo 2' of your PX-564, who is also not identifiable here,
but would m to bo of exceptionable irinortnnce because.. of
the part he played in KT-TJA i s chain. •
• • 5.. - Of all the persona lit'.ea in the GTS •with whom •
KITT.A • Must 'have had cpntact, It would seen' likely that his
closest one :Must have boon Stmbf irich 111:110ELHAUPT who was
Chief of Referat VI/C/Z . (ZEPPELtN op .':ration) and at one time,
was reported . to be Chief of the .Whole of .Refemts of VI/C .
.1MIGELHAIT . PT .is a . high priority . target for Lor......1 and would
.undoubtedly be a rich 'source for the kind . inform tion •we.•
are most recently interest 'in. He was lait heard of by London
as heading for Danzig around, the. time of the German break-up
in early . 1945; • A re.port.' from . Austria States 'that HENG&LHAUPT
• fled to ..Switterland..with .N.F3).T.A f • and we also understand from a
recent' rrivsi .:. hero that this informatien was. given/iArcirmally
some weeks ago in Paris..-- * We should like • immed late verification
of this news of HENOELHATTPlYs presence in ...Switzerland,. and- •
believe if he is. actually .there, steps should. be .takeri at once
to bring. about Ms expulsien • •and. *arrest.. • ••

. •. •••
6. From
. ita?trt'41:4: inl or-
nntion , • We. hair e* also c en tly received.
a geed deal of. inform - ation concerning . the. of'KD IA
. and other OO org iana Orrhq,tibri:`..*.a.a'.. sn
000ra tion.ju in Austria in the fall which made ts&of Y?D1A's

A lthoughAustria evaluates • all the information .


. operation delI.vored very highly, we a.ssume . .here that . since tho;;,•.•t.,
• ••••per-t, i'eiiiarits• were naturally biased age irist . KF.DT_A and his groUP,
the inferiat ion • ia much more likely to be .: of doubtful value. • •
Vie would apPre.alate your judgTlent • on the matter; * **:
_
7. In genaral, the . 41ifstrian operation reports that
IC:1)D is an opportunist of the purest sort who has at all times
played both: sides.' Thus, he helped many Jews in France (es
in your HX-625, Pa o 2), receiving however, quite adequate
financial remun ;rat'.:on for this essiAtenee. Althouf.:h on the

SFCREI
EST AU SEM1
Nice hand, h ol%,anized the CoorgiscYJ Verbindun.sstab i•hci
tho Georgian Ple-,htinr, Units within the 51) and F.' , he is re-
ported on the other henci, to have kept up hih connections
with oorgien Monschovik Irredentist circles and with Soviet
fl

end cells, such es the MT a iLont, Major KABOT'NIP.,


.

whom he shielded from the ;Thstnpo by c.iving him refil t;e0 in •


the r:oorir,ische Vorbindun-....s:ttab.
. .....,..
.
•fl..•Tho4utiinn ro orts cortn in 'Inform t ion that
1<i--1',7A, in flOeing to .Switzerland, took with him'all . the money
.

of' the loori;ische Verb-Inden :setab, zhich would not seem to


ive !th 'your inform:it ler, ;the tinrr that !F IA has always
leen financed and is still by P.M:Ten.
• 9. nei;nrding stntol1jence activities in
FIWit7erlantl, the r,ftStrfilh• report's cod4in information to the
v,• , .

effect that XIIDIA put hinholf7...in,.c.o/Ant with American end •


Pritish Intelligence . A ,eneies as -C fte.41.1 ne Sev. let Tritc111;ence
, i

' )fficers. .1iis contacts are re;lortd44.to to the followin:


1

• • a A member of the Soviet Repatriation Committee in


Salzburg, namely, Captain .TSITIIRT.ISIIVLLI.
'

b ..Alexandre TSaMAYA, .ALCHIP.AYA, Kt.SAISHVILI,.and


MA9ALOW4TAGALOYISF.VILI, ell formrtr members of the Georgische
..Verbinclungsstabj at present in Munich where they are receiving.
the o ssaistance of the Americans, but are also in contact with
the Russians.
• • ..• • •
c . . note i3C11:-:SZI•1;I,. reportedly subject's right-hand'
.

man and is liaison with Soviet agents during the time of the
Verbindungsstab, who.was in Salzburg during ciarly•.1945,
• .
succeeded. in obtaining porMiss .ion for repatriation to Switzer-
Land and was taken to the Swiss border with the above.-Montioned.
Captain TSHARTISITILI , and Lt.. Ta.:11TANI on September 6; 1945 •
with instructions for }IA to enlarge as much . a s possible
Georlian committee hi Switzerland. •
. • •
d. RTSCflIL9, Chief of the Perner.Hilfaverein •
(Com:mitt tie for the assistance . to .People reluctant to return to
- . .

the Soviet-ilnion), who was prevailed upon by varioue'persont


t o . entrust the,...represontation,of his •committee in..Switzerland.
to KED IA , In So for as Oenngian interests . . were . coneerned. .

e: Nina ,KIE.0 ' 7,-I:JIAK7VIC, who worked f ar• subject in


7 .

Farms anU a.c ontacted in fugue t or September, 1945 ..by subject


s .

in Switzerland through .cOUriers. . It • is 'reported that r.DIA


wanted her to gb to Switzerland for reasons which not .
entirely .clear.

e C^:
31 2:i • •
SECRET
omen r:1144 In)

, • DOCUMENT TRANSFER AND CROSS • REFERENCE


SUBJECT OF DOCUMENT DOCUMENT IDENTIFICATION
. 2.
. • •
• PT FILE NO. •
Armik ISSAHAKTANZJAMAL.TAN •I 1 •
c -/ :` • 'S . DISPATCH OR SOURCE DOC., SYMBOL NO IA. 'DATE
. t WISILX4X_S-42:13:46....:.
• ?.souRCE corvromvu e. DATE Of Iwo. O. EVALUATION •

• •

5. ANALYST . O. DATE PROCESSED 10. DISSEMINATED IN . . II. DATE .

• 2 Aug 1961 . -

DOCUMENT DISPOSITION '
2. •CROSS ricrw!cco TO THIS TILE ' • • • I). TRANSFERRED TO •
••,. . .
RI PILE NO.
X ".•.' •
"PERTINENT INFORMATION " . .
• . • •
—,
"La cording to information received from Our Swiss taitreseittative: and•records
: on file in this office, Subject is one of Michel : KEDTA I s henchmen: Member of • • . a
the Armenian Section of the nKAUKASISGHER VERBINDIINGS.STAB",..into which the Germans
• united the Georgian and Caucasian agenciee which theyerploited . . for anti-Suriet
• • intelligence. *and.. 'sabotage. purposes; and one of the I.'brains! .: • of.. the Caucasian • .

Nationalist . limiiisitt. : • :.*:::::':.1.t'.1*:■;*7•*.'*: 7. ...


." - ...... .. * ' ' . *. '.. •.' :L. 1. . ."''' •• :" : . ' . .:. ": '1:...:....'.
' ' ..".::; ..• : • .
• • ',y Michel . KEliliC,' ..self.;appointed* leader Of - anti-Bolsheirist Georgians . in Europe,
headed . an organization Which during. the •yar. Cooperated closelY..i With . the • Abwehri SD,
. German • High *Commend 5 inci:. Germen. Ministry.. for Foreign..Affiare-iii:return for which he
hoped to achieve indePendenee.::. for.:. Georgia and to : take over the government after his
.couitiy'n.: Ilibeiaii&i.i.:::;;;:.'ii.-2:•";-,.F;,..:"...: ''?:".:7•:••• -_'.„.•••-.::.•I?•::..:.:;;'...•:,..'.;.-::.'7.:?,.,:',i•:::'...;:.:':•:..::•::f.E..;t.'•,::::'.`:-.:-...;•:::•;.:•;•-•..1.'.''-
. ••... '' ••
: .....• • • After the ••elitd • ';; Of the EuropeanXurOpeiniiir;10211/1 fotiridliiiifugiT•,fiiSWitierlind ".Where UPort • .
fOriiiteikraittion on his
bail* threatened .: With.: interinierit;: :: he f. applied• to:the I: AtieriCiiiiii?-
behalf, .: offering in'.. .retiiiii .. .tóf place at the disposal Or the American services:his... .:.• :i
...Georgian . intelligence networks With outposts . .allegedly reii`Chintf:ii • far. ,:as..MOscew.-', ••• • _.
This . offer, •.: Which'.is .i7e-PCiticV iliti. :to have been made to 'Other.; Allied!,services; was • :::,....,
rejected ' portly:. beCinie....set...' indications ••: that;Itedia ! and his collaborators are tio!i . . Rusaier
agents. It is worthy.. to note f• that among these -Collaboratbre;:•*bj..,,...,. bet has been 'specifir,-
_ . . • • ...... :
elly reported as sal kriown- agent of • the Russians.,* - ., • " • ':-.':.. • ... ..

„.., . ,:-..
... :. , . . • • •
..... . • •
. . • •
. . • •
.
• . • '! "" • 4.. s• • • .- ••• ' • •
. -..... .-1'...;''.(:.!..C44R.:Tfi
...: filll:ti6.'NC:AASET4
• • • . '. SOURCES
NIA ,z .w.A,.R..:.cE.:1?tHi NO , ED sS DE iX sE cMip.oT sl u0::...,;4
•44.
• .• .. 1.1

• . DATE 2001 • 2006.. '
• • . .... , .. .
. . . .
. . •
. -•
• .
": - • .

..,'.,-'
.:, . . •
. • .

. .. -
,L...„..
15. . .. .. ''' -
. ...
. ,
FILE THIS FORM IN FILE NO


• FORM I....
0. s7
00 USE p .cV,oulcD p rIoNu. .
• .4

KriDIA (To BE CARDED IMIN MA, R CARD IS RETURNM)--Pg. 5

XX-12492 Interr. of KNOCIEN, 9/10/46

Subject is said to have emigrated from aussia in 1922 f or 1923 in connection with the
Revolution. Subject . is described as extremely skillful and knew how to camouklage his se
activities and the method of his work is described as effective because of long 'experience
and constant pursuit of his aims concerning Russia. KNOCHEM considers it umlikkely that he
was ever identified by the :tussian CI system and believes that Subject's policital outlook,
although in fact known to this witness, was sufficiently camoulaged to ramAin unknown
to a larger Circle. .Subject's reports were regarded as both informative ad reliable.
. Exact details of the-technical . execution of Subject's intelligence operations are not
-available beyond the general outline given above. Subject is described As a'Man_almopt....
6 ft tall. with sparse reddish hair which was cropped short; . regular features except for
a rather large nose; no beard or moustache, and rwitr complexion. The Only remarkable
things about Subject were his eyes which seemed to dominate the entire man and the witness
would call him the pc m tYpe of an intellectual. The shape of his head is square with a
rather long face.. Subject speaks French, German, and Russian. Was last seenl by KNCIkEN'
in August of 1944. .There is nothing known to KkocHal about opelytions of this' intelligence
chain after his '('Subject's) departure from France.lqngelhauptof Amt VI, and one-time
collaborator of KNOCHEM 'should be able to furnish more details on Subject as he was
closely connected with 'Subject on a personal basis.'

DECLASS III U AND


R ELEASED BY
C ENTRAL IN
S OURCES MET TELL ;BENCE AGENCY
HODS EXEMPT I0N3028
RAZ I WAR CR IM.ES
OISCLOSU RE ACT .
DATE 2001
.2008
Subject also worked in coll e ction with 'ACTION ZEPP IILIN. He was helpfll in oa
selection of qualified. personnel hit no details are known. DJAMALJAN, so ,• or.a
. General of the same name, also figured-LI r,orc. wcy ir these operations. Ai's1HEN, •
however, is noi able to recall details at this.time. KkMSARAKAN and OULBEKM (pro-
bably wrong- Spelling) also figured prominently in connection with these intelligence
operations.-:Doth had oil interests in the Near East and also had a grudge against
Russia. trattN is not sure. butthidks it possible that thes,. two worked toegther
with MAULATZ; at any rate they furnished much valuable information on the economic and
political s e ctor in the Near East Intelligence work. Their permanent residence was
Paris and their connections reached into Azerbaijan. As far as KNOCHEN is able to
remember,.MAULEEZ . functions on the economic sector coincided Ad.th purely intelligence
functions in this case.

Continued on Page 6
SECRET

DOCUMENT TRANSFER AND CROSS REFERENCE

SUBJECT OF DOCUMENT DOCUMENT IDENTIFICATION


2.
/ E
RI FILE NO.
.-
3. DISPATCH OR SOURCE DOC. SYMBOL NO. 4. DATE

GEORGIAN EKIGRE ACTIVITIICS


16 Dec 1946
7. SOURCE CRYPTONYM O. DATE Of INFO. O. EVALUATION

6. DATE PROCESSED 10. DISSEMINATED th II. DATE '. .

24 Aug 61
DOCUMENT DISPOSITION
12. CROSS REFERRED TO THIS FILE 13. TRANSFERRED TO
RI FILE NO.

PERTINENT INFORMATION
II.
• .

ODICHABIA, Piers Naval officer


Born 1/3/00 in Koutais; 32 bis, rue Victor Masse, Paris 9e;
Georgian; Russian, French; listed for acftivity
against 626R. .

- PECLASS IF 1E0 AND


RELEASED
. CENIRAL INT ELLIGENCE
ABER
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT I ON3
• ••
NAZ / WAR CR IMES DISCLiSURE•
DATE 20.01 2008
. .

IS.

FILE THIS FORM IN FILE NO 4,,,i,.

FORM • •
5. 57 867 USt PRtVIOUS COITIOMS. SECRET
DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED BY 6 0
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
SOURCESMETHOOSEXEMPTION3BZB
NAZI WAR CRIMSDISCLOSUREACT
balkiL I. 16 Dec,mber 1946
DATE 2001_2'006

To : Mr. 14CU1:O*...111US

From . Richard lielme

Subject:- Nadia and the Georgians'

With reference DO your memorandum of 5 November en-


closing-Waetjen t s report on his talks with Kedie our prosent
atand on the handling of Keats and the Georgicn group is,
very simplY, that every effort should bc made to ootein as
much ac:e:Itional Informv..lon as poseible on- Kedir c..nd
Georgian associates End that," for the time being, no action
whatever be taken on the utilization of Kedis and his associates
for operational purpcses. We have prepared here a summary
of all available info=atio:, on the past activities of the
Georgians and the current situation--fragmentary though our
knowledge is on the latter point--and have called attention
to those particular items of information we need in order to
assess adequately both Kedia i s secUrity and the intelligence
potentialities of himself and his a .ssociates, . , It is -worth
stressing that whether or not the'se- lcds evdr employed;
in any fashion for the procurement- of intelligence, detailed
coverage of their proJent and future. activitiesrepresents.
a positive political intelligence target of interest in .
Washington not only to State but also to the Army and the
Navy.

-We agree most heardly with your reservations ,on .


keeping a potential Kedia operation completely away' from .
Germany and from the White Russians; although . in'general terms
and looking ahead for a few years, we can reasonably estimate
that whatever anti-Soviet minority 'groups maintain their
organization for the noxt yOnr or two will inevitably cos- .
lesca . into a more and 'more cload y”knit "bloefand 'consequently .
make it extremely difficUlt . to conduct any' typ'e:Of collabOration.
2e. 1.
with one group unboicnownst to the •others. - One of the more
disturbing factors in the Kedis case is his ,ohviously close,
relationship with :p7/1 and his transmi .,talto . the Ukrainian
of the names of t1:66 e Turkish contncts whi 'dh represent a
large part of his ' stock-in-trade. The general reflection
also follows that Kedia can hardly be' in a position to
exploit thoo Turkich contacts more successfully then a
direct Americankish collaboration.

This is by way of 6 summary reactiba—thes6.and.othe


aspects of the case can be dismissed by you .a.nd'SOsitzke-4
during the January meeting. We . consider it-definitely . wort

REGIS . : . 3PY
tvr x -9o10
8EilhL1 t: •

X/)
-2-

&."8 ET
T

kiln% for the Kedis contact to be mointained, but would


suggest that you do not establish it personally if you can
possibly avoid it.

.? I
X-9.° lc' • •
0-7
)

• ElsitET
boo the BARAROVSMIT Ale t aBIO 117----".**
011eili
le •
:111 /az best ken *wand as a "pspeaalttr
ronnxion good. seaty ututilabift wad much• ‘ 3 $4 7.5-•
led. All tthald be wed with outtigaz / lilt
74233 3o ..rfifVg 7

10111 Of TO ED AMMO ING ROM= SNIGRatas 11OMIT


‘‘P .

After the arroier of Germany, it was discovered that the


Owens brotininsetab, Matson Stein, 'ditch had been organised
by. the Gorse amity* in Berlin in =kr the leaderefdp of
3.9113

Bator AININUGNIPZIe actually a neat at Bolshevik agents.


At the bud of Ude staff Os the merchaat-profiteerACBAIL
=Gil with to of his closest consagnas, mut. LIBAll AND
- Bovist.
AIMAINGtONATA\. ihrIdeg under the three se—O . a tamer
prisoner of we, a certain &014C141r#, sthio mu in charge of the
secret pork of the 'tuff and mho man also working in the taan
*Uhl tan Bolchavik spats, GUM= mkt WALD=
BMWs the ammo corroder, NEMIA, ALSHIBATA„ ani TBONAIA,
along with Professor /GM (writing In the ROME= )inistry),
fled to 8D11221101). MAIL EOM obtained a visa ardosceeeded
in orosoing the Urdu" the other three mere stopped at the thries
Undo by Anoxic= polir. AlnaBEA, ?DONAL, sad Profoor BEFIDE
(odor the novn of MINAVILL) macooded in convincing the interrogating
Americo authorities of their insomnia; consequently, they Oro
set free and Obtained bericau-s uthorised papers. INILIMITAVA end
MGM; mith the arming of the Bolsheviks to Berlin, retorted to
service in the 11014 they had in their favor • letter on NOM
in *Joh the letter raised then Ito their cooperation during the

i -or
v5 x stuEr — CS.. COPY ,3,3-00/- 07W,

DE CLASSIFiE0 AND RELEASED Y.

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY


SOUR CESMET. HOOS EXEMPT ION3B2B...-
NA7 I WAR CR1M ESDISCLOSURE A
• DATE 2001 2006
SIE1
MiSteletn M M. librP

Une of the bide. Several maths after his flight to anumium,


nortb not. 110ilad a letter In which he advised all of the (lure=
ado:Nate (plume of ear sad reap's) to return to the Soviet
Union.
Concerning COM, the following information Is Went 1) that
MIKRAIAIDID before the war, wes to untsot with Bolshevik acute
In Paris slug with his father-is-1u IUI . ia1 (2) that
PaCh as
a Oen= Gestapo spat, MIL las *saved a uriety of dish=
toward the end of his service, meg thee the responsibility for
tesasprtire Georgian aligned* took Into the Caucesos. !curd the
end of his sertios as a Outepo agent, sow 30 nen sere dropped run
Gums airplanes Into the Cagoules anantaisse at these except
a few agents ogre captured ard shot by the MD, gee of then by the
nee of !MUT showed up againzin MOM Lot year; (3) that
MMILI11110121 =tett with Golehavik agents =MEM and, together
vdth his and his oloaest colleague 4131101UME TOONL11, bed a farmer
prisoner of war need ihdor WM= transported into tie Soviet
Ve co tri weans of a 'pada' sesslastion In the ally of LUG, the
point of ocetest *tie the Bolahulks there being the apartment of •
oertaintIGALa Georgian emigrant in fo llal); a) that, at
the end at the ear, DOM sad 1301101 also had a secret Dolsiervik
agent wed Captetin ifiplIA (a fuser prisoner of war aul • legionnaire
de bad been sentenced br • Omen adli1arp. court bat rescued through
he interoession of mai and Mar) transported into the &Wet
Won, ter all of iddch BUM= vas gratefed4 (5) that the lab
A. V'
/anm. narat ugatuou'imgra ma daughter of?. PaChinara),
livbg in Pais ant at the present thee is working with the

SECIEr
1
• 'pone ROUGH DRAFT ONLY

matters of the Is Seam and the sister of the wife of MEM


Konsunn ekoutlat
TSOKIIA is the personal escreteryof _ , the head
of the i•odill Mast Dyeentia group *tub publishes the ladles
Oeorgial nevepsper in Pedal md (6) that !MA, ALSIMATA, sod
11011111 as We in constant contact with each other ad with the
go-Soviet element of the Olotritla agony in Pads.

U.

Ike perms mentioned above are operating in the occupied some


of Gamy wag a group of their adherents, welted wag thiamine
by their caeca past and also by their oases mata.al Interests.
At the head of this gaup is Dootor ORIOODIAURIDAli (the %mole of
8.44.A18E1B4, rho is liang at MOM= is.DAVARIA with his old, •
loyal colleague, 814191416111351111, libliets cavalry, captain.
. -
At the Was of the Omen occapatios of Poland, Dr. =Ma
as the bead of a epeolal .oCzneasian agaliationo established try
the Gestapo in Warsaw. Thisargsdation as • secret wintery group,
ad Caveljkaptain 8. KOTIASEAAres ita inairiog figure. this
military poop had a special %koala ChM directed by AISIODAXA
and NOVIASKIIII. 11 this club, guns of thence and curious situmereets
vett on night and deg. To this club ant say Polish petriats—anti-
Bolsheviks and anti-Osnums. The Tbecew NM took • peat interest
in these Polish criroles-■in their activities al in their Notarial
potentialities. The Bolshevik, recalad initiation concerning this
club. At the sae tins, Poles frequently we tweed over to the Derma
either an logiu-Anerican spies or as Delthalk upisstut their valuables
we confiscated in the process. At the seestIns, EDDIA8111111 was
• amid at the Jewish ghetto in Wares..

•-•
SEW MEW, (041

The door-keeper of the oestscasien Mb* was a certaiallIMITSFIX


%
(a Georgian) mho also, op to the tfae of the Polish oocepation, oast a
Bolan& Wet. Arrested by the Surma in Warsaw, he mut later set
tree thrtegt the efforts of Dr. ALORIBATA, through GMAT= ani
fillVANDEBaildit (ALSRBAUte personal bodyguard), Dr. AISITNIA atsd
KODUSIFILI mit in cont.act with the Bolsheviks. /coarding to the
data at hand, BOBIASIVILl came MOO into Mani in 1939 rhea the
Bolsheviks seised part of Poland, claiming that he had shot tuo Red
kw Goldin" at the herder. The OINIM olbweten looked into the
natter, sod hoed out that tosusatms was lying; bat be sea rescued
iron the hands of the Gestapo by De. MOM duo than established
hie in the lesocsaien Casks It the time of the Osman maunder,
IODUSBVILI use in ovsmoscl of a Georgian ledge of woe 1,500 nen.
101IIMIT111 abaslaned his mem in the Beglish ices of Gnaw awl he
not to =DA the leglemnsitee. •••. Amite an delivered to the Soviets
by the Wish.
At the present time, XIMIL manna, =tar the guise of
ocamerical activity, trawls ttnuogb ell the seaters sows of dernmay
and marks at ooiermining the integral unity of the emigration by
sapprating pro-Sovist alemersta mons the new malgrante. Among such
elaments are the leading Soviet ploysicians Doctee&PIRVIDEB ani
Doctor MATIlla, now living in NUMB Aare they arrived trim MAUD
several months ago after that dap ne seised by the Bolsheviks.
Doctor VIPEVADIS eel diaccnered earlier in Berlin to be organising a
secret pro-Soviet group along mlthitiLICE/VA end there he eoupi2ed
a list of Georgian emigrants for the Bolsheviks. It the preaant time,
his co-moriur is L3ATIAXI. 6 ..To these it is alio necessary to add
ilDSANABVILI, law it appears recently escaped . secretly frost Bettin
0
*HE

• t;
/

VIM

•••••••=11•0111.111■■■•lip.,,,

• .1ECIIET iilen1D 'NUN NUT ...t

Be is a Budd and ea old. Migrant and, soandiag to all reports,

Is me of the tlfD egmets.


The soma of ambers do are *aryls' out the verk sal promo
of the Bolsheviks in all its aneroid pbssos sad fans in the
kart= toe of Oemaly sea the follendags Dr. MO= mama'
azzoomuz, Ids ice MEM alallIBAU Omacm, min =rums
(1111B2), AISIBBIDI OIMICIWWGIAKG, Dr. TIPIGGADID
(111011140W), Dr. MIMI 01111G010, MG MUM= MUM,
sad GORDIMIDDi MOM.
The dove group Is la ocamtent codeat vdth the looting
Bolshevik daunts of Pols and On thmegb A. 1210161/I,
N. Jump, lad De. /1111MUDZIL

131.

/II 1923 unispositilicaorm, sad old Overgils* Horrid, oar to


Osumi faia Moroi% sent by the addenda sal the Georgina
Party. At the sad of 19‘6, PICIDLIT vent to MI= fon IBILDI at
the prossat tin hula voridng la the nada" Pura did Is located
to the &mist Ione of Derlia. ladle In MA1112, bo net with his old
a X
onsidoe in the anial-Dmeacratio Party of AIBIZADDIt
. . IDRDZIII.
_
Through the latter, be also mode clotted idth other local Oaergione.
It has been determined that PACHDLIZA one at the behest of the
MD, to mooed to the Georgian odorant. that they adorn to
their howled. Bat be ast vottit retools, as told not to came to
Pada again, sod returned to aluna. Pbr ease tine non be has been
In charge of the attack on the Georgian migrants In Paris dare,

8E1E1
.
7' •

= L
• su it: worm' SOUCH DRAFT C"

order the secret or of the French Commeniets, the Bolsheviks


have sonsein in Idneing several Lading Georgian political
leedera..aosielista
‘ , awn dm . is Ibis tE1011130 ebo can forth
with his well.kaoem declaration in Paris in October of last year.:
Hower, the Omorgise nationalist emigrate did not A glow bin,
and the cetalation of the acetate sere threw oft.
A. PACO= sown in myna again this adater ad spin
met with KOWA eat man= aid with severe other advents.
Conversation with thee revealed the new lino of the MD, *lob
originated from sa Addams by NM to the Georgian advents;
easely, that irla the neat of Angla•Amerloan interference with the
Soviets, the Georgian nattonallet adman maid reside neatml.•
Bank fleas secretly to Detain on two occasion, gave on on
special inateactione with respect to the treatment of aeorgisa adman
to two MD generale (Georgians) ebo Lad iv the Dolabovik agent
netant In Omar, sayings linnet ditstorta the Georgian advents;
dealt domed that they noon Sovnt pompons, tat use then in the
interest* of Soviet propaganda and work.°
oonantion with this second visit of MIMI! amd his
propaganda, the ladies representatives of the Georgia advents
engrossed sespicdAn sat preterit over the aloes nomeotlea of
6013442111, Presidia% of the Georgian association In MUM, end
MINIM with the reset that OM= was obliged to tender his

Sfegati--4-

IV*

_1 1---(
_1 1_1

• • 11401. pAh
1)11tDITFC ;::1;" •1niy

IttlatItATION, iitwerar, until the definite natant of Ms contact oan


be prated ed until legal sled:loos oat be held, the latter rill
taaorerlly main on in tide attics. Oa PACIPLIfAte final
visit, it me to light that the SU las the following leading
Intaglios aotisg in supervisory rob* in bribe two generale, two
ajar., ant soma others of lower rat. One at the majors Is .

be Bolsheviks. GIs ream*



forum Georgian logioaneire, iho fled fen the Germ= back to
nun is ORIGOLISIGILI.is
in well
Worm& annerniag all toner Prisoners of ltar and Georgina non-
"trans and undoubtedly has coated idth Georgian Bolshevik agitate
Clernany. In Austria idth the Soviets arks the former Osman war

rimer iltjor_GOOLICIIIIGII. The healeartere of the Georgian- i
lessulae KID net:gosh of spats is la Perko. Brendets are In -
Cr, Gwen, Ilidrid, eel Istantea.

• ECHE, -7-

1:1
_ I I_ I
r vw

1. •
Room zakaavyannan ropram ofiaproutow, oro rpywomill nopihnoiyin
me °pram toowanet a Sown a 1943 11 . re:am= mu= ma PYRo1k00M
am JI-pa Awroawpara faa t/OMNUPOna mama Oonanamoli am:Du
110 NUM amaanaro maga Of no NORM= ausropoon a Mgr
sia ' limo IC oaaao mon Osolla (10=01100301 00VpyaR OM 11102211011
A a a It la* a Ilaernampoa 2 o a a a. Ra Garde aunt Mar aar00040
Omni onomnall amimatomodt moil Z assn. ao. , auwadi mom*
wprioll walla I padorarandl as ESP ammosuo o palm Owasarnmou wear
Tualrayasaa: a B•paaans•.
tiepin' aanneriamoll Row, Arnaalaa.a 11.03500 nowt* 0 naot0000poa
ar sae( wrainandl i10 somoreporm Poaeafepra ) Oomaa a Ilm14010u
NINSI1 Auras auerawy may, mama awfparroa veins rpounnp, wromma
spa Giant a:mum tueepanouncol iMarnaoll as melnaporoll spume • :proof
Rama Assafse, norm a nagoompy Ulm ( OW CDuanata Ita 'lei? as San .
mew Awn ompanazoloto oautormanzo MUM a :mei 1014111103X00111 •
Wye as madam, a mararro amparonaram ospaims omens. Xszmaaa a •
brawn o opacoma 0oarmaincoa a Bona sopuraam aa owl; a Kall , ..
• Oval 011•2•114 owassa =ammo eotoMO as ion How, a :wow ozn Duff -:
maw= Sag 0:wampum% IS onsamme so Qom wawa oonaluram•
-
.4spea 100x011140) mama now Owen& a u nampas 1Couni mos Awn .
a apropos oa aoawrses mom *rpiamormi aaasrammur / anommamma a Ooscw? S.
IOW Depo71000 a Oomunall kloaa.
0 *ow arum onearamo weaomer 1) %To MIMI ICVM AO van
wow= a °max 0 eloammannoll aromppoll a now °autumn ao mom
MIMI Ilaasoma il aoya a. a. 2) 2 xamovae aroma repamoaaro'roorano
• 4005 00131102 oV nocut001AVo maepomamo ammo, a Too loom sum
noputpoom aa llamas rpm* suarpanoa. Ilowainue a RomaraMe 00000
30 toxemic 6soot afpoorm ropargwonat asponaanam no Kaavasovvil :peen, r -
nopoaoaroam a p000speamos 10032,aa youarsoziom monism rumps,. coo°,
Bomar= an aapou a:pow= nopuommoroa. Ow an ass no Oman :
Konica aa a mama row own nOtrIVOOR a Oveslyss. a) .co Malan
NO M CO MPIMIAI o Cronanompax aroma Swum a common° a Aim.
I 0nundbun ow= oosPinsama AO0VvallapON 1101001 nopevolm a Ooaorour
Oma clamor° monsommntaro vatopara g rallit, leper onounonsual 0P14., •
usomuund am a V. X0002 ilyMIX Om= 0 CloolaseaMollot as maprapt MOOT
ro Opals.): sae a ( 'mama anarpaara s Comm) 4) taro a mane
oohs KUNO • 11011101 anon mom= a Cloveltvill BOWS Tartar° 602100
•Bauxaro ii..emra xamrraha li apanuA a e, Greater° Bowl/mu:Imam, Reno
Heim, apenammaro to:eLo-nonso:y oyx/ repl-aHmelL xomuctonalinem x o ocao-
oox.aeliearo ,narogapi oauTyrgiut.eerey .:exturi 14 ,.ouctit. Lapankuloe Clitarononyoi

•• -
5
no nen Bottum :Nom &trepans/la Kama ( Rota R. amain ;
ionitstmoa llama, fl MUM011 rpm aotayoutsat a ammo Boyoutonaro
Panapona, a Otorrpa =an asenottimpa Await atanosan niinott oonpatattey
aoroutsaa II a 0 &Alias*, ram aspattanoll tionaoaaamotayalloi
7nias, itasamoll opolloasseanwell pgranamo task?y a Rows 5) Ito
- intim a gam a aettao ntaltaps11101P soma aolce aoatonnals
au a ass moan a CrOxiaeStanaa 03. 0WOW sapiatanoll rpyolatozoll X01010111.
2.
gamma sioa ontagtartan a onassaatonaim SoltEac replan= as?Was
otat ototnownsacooncoa t oastatuontt new oatfoll I= ammo oxastutosalt agouti=
I anion itateputunamma nneeDoolnot. Bo ram atoll rata= overt
tootionnall s, Sawn a rt. POIZOCIALID J. rparopall Asa* I a it
tsM 111.11men), oo (mom envoi I septum aospvannunia t potatomaat
Mama eaynea Omens K06111111111111a a
J. Banntlast so vein ninconnal cowman, R oma oneTou P7tva0M
tea 000lorllaanananoll oprausaase vapcalonnott room* a Bossaatt. 111/11
oprousatunt appossosata taus Raman tuna% a ammatiantasea
'mom 0. Holasainant. asa woman masa mous onetatamall "elutnalo
101761. ynpaaanteitall ameaell a Koenamnata. B atom aqtfa anon a nova •
mows asagtitut sr,a it aurae yintocaoitan. B mot toorl sow amigo
SOWN ammo tunitionanastiata antarepmaisat. MoonauntosW seen
apeooauoas 11111xx aoaacu peaas • as amenanineone I nalensabasnn
inatioottunt. Osamu= o six loam. same moat= as asoro tat". too • *-..
se inalbs 'mot,* atatasaanos naFtaa so nan aarnortatopiosateam,
asentatne arena a aoorsototso W Kospronatootoot as woad. Whom
oiroapestenno ammo= onpannsall SaPOIOicer0 resso s'Espman.
Baolloapon "Kaineasanato tatitla" eloa axial r nasal Alt u11(rwaiot)
god tom Ao oiacyrtaAan Bosun Kaman Oatmeantitata arenas. Apootosanall
iona Swan, oa fism oosofossea no naatonIss A-pa Baattlall. Olat =GPM
nJaIUcsra I' sapAsaaaaa•( moat* *rpm anattOsa )
KW I Nolioasisa I owes a tIonsaeattitaios. Ito MOWN luny
tallatall SIP s 1989 tea aspens na wawa 60nsatOBIXON4 t■ aotx noun
WV. Mal; tyro an rpainute az same= ma Maonoopuoltaoa. llosauxidl
op" paionenosaa 350 =so b Wavy= ion Itatatannatuta l, no aro Upys
Sao 11104,111131 knallaut a yetpoica Iwo' orikanaia0x111 . IC Coltealy
10101 11U172*011 Na0sai limit nottamossa rprutootoul intrnonom nitoasSOOSia
pm worm. Osont maid Kodaaaattal Oman a altranlIonoll sou re
U? amaim, xerxoNapit as USIUM011 woman slimness= donalfisatell.
Mow Atandlan I naaronittee Apetat no* nmoorou

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- I 13 I - I I =I
I _I Li I _I 11
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3

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paosoaciura aaysponearo enntiossi onarpassi, nosseP aulaa 40W'
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no•Bonsaaa a o a As. Loarnaaa.speusanena
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mom loasnossissok WM* Benaaanao ens aals Drib= 3 13333333 PST
%On a opossum WWI ap000aelosoil mums MM. o Xasseason
n comma Ann Coarsosaxoa ommas may= miatramme00. B saososeen
sperm oro oonsnaanna nannesue .. Acuson. K ai asap Aolions oso
Boos Banailsana a. Romano scut dysro nano Oessasaro no
Sousa. On email Lumps= • IMMO, a 20 moan 331103330333
• na aroma OA. .
B oesaa emasso ann B panasi man Oopenst onosysassessa
30ammommuM 3 POO?" m oponaraw a Anapunaucatoil man toalmala •
"Bar mum Ana rinse= Bananas Crolizessons). ero
oama Liasossa Bananas( nuesson Oman K °Saimaa ep
aa ( Bpases ) • assatoonapaat a a ( Beaman rosfpnr-) •
JI-pa B•nicasji••(ibmzez-2oza) *sae Asa:mann •
(lazioa) 10 Bon Innallnanna( Mamma ) ?valuta,.
ass* ( Kama )
• Ova ase/000 swam immnomarnym alma donsseasessomatasse
• onenessits Ilmalata aMese= ppm 000190aorae N.Asasesa a
Arna Benamesso.

• O.
B non* neva 1996 so. an Bops= a thassen amass Aso?
=DM Baa iaa a • *Mel rintaanaga aaPaamato a 1928 roa!
Ba0a0Maall aoalmeanmatai o mud Musa S reran= 03 49383•
Wino weasel *spun Wm*. sattata gaba a 0031920X0Vao Ber?
anent. B Nansens oaoaapaGn 00 OM= OMR= Irosvmmea ma naparal
• oinsoalisionposon kencoosspone K opt oaa. Ups soopesorao
soosoasuo on souptos a canes a a Apr= somas= rpraisorme.
• Dosammooe. v10 IleIVIM 111)NeX0t 11030.4103= MBA 0 meximmesaalM
mama =rpm= soparteca as MEW, aparis saircialagingel
masa a coast donne so apneasors a Amen, oft Rapala* a Boma
Hopes m08011800 leektiont ammo NaOryaffielani !fa rp: , 1113201lp 05*f,
• rDegla a Etepaaat, rae no =mom 00anDeaaraa 00200T00 0
rry3033a movyamcfalam, 60a00e0sucait =moos spaspaase atoZzlm=

1-1 1=-

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fb. .4; ••z

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080ana Mos= itomarmomm rpromomor marenai aoamolaor0O• a!Oa
one Ron Z op nana a• ouorwistoro a brown a parsnips aponatoto roaa •
nomairmil watomantoi• Ho rpamommut Kazaosonsann mompantut ae 1100800.4
la aa son a ammo? trommasom loa aopoan.
A Rama mon amanita a lboarrao aattog ororo 30.31 a 1331$aeno
low Saaaloaalla Innalkoaint o morrow= nor= asorpartons. Boom
onla mom= nom aopyramo =As liCataintae Ve ow comma B o p s a
•onpoor roma moroanon a mean 1 °alma oromotossom 1013a3t331
mom • aaaattaaat mum= auscomassaa morpalow mama oolmattaro wat
men'. Beono,rowasammit mho paoa a Bop= izaa as floor =Imo
motba mosoornont won Mamma 1110A (ropysitsom . aonosoms 41043?
11=01 *rename, Gem a row= I 'Us norms rpyran totosTOMMO• as
tiaaaaa or aat meow comma= monoorors, a nononosomen az a soma
mosionol noonorsuma a parota• R .
B amen as manna arasanoi Room= a aro momenta row=
onanolostosoms aprotionag tostmotaam a Banuans • - orsomesemunt nma
mum mamma siserPaztox Orno 30 33333 IMMO= aMolten wa•
Ralf alaab tiro a Vanyoma, a perwrato Imo on ammo= Ona ma ys 3
mann no apersomo no ozcomareass o amonenan on posVoIto MI 33333 o-
lama= mason oaramea a asamoionem osoo2 nossoloora. Bpi moms
'Sae lia‘lpass nano% ovaomreo, are BIM Moe a Boon= co 3=11 *ea',
ammo= rorrona prtosommo pouts mom rompamo b ova saloon a •
maim ammo ammo moon. B mom untopos amonawoo oa oawo asOno- •
mons soroompoo, eatmosuaro or mama oewerto eaaroaseaaaa. Bro
roma 011112111411 r p ar onanan a a. Oa zoom= oosenomea o zoos
• Goma= monnommora roman aaaaaapamaMaaia anee2 reamoalago
o mammon Owandrottooit aremrapa a repaataatto B Anotonso as •
ammo priforaor ems. ooseroosit soommootorandt atallop r ora en a 7
raomatt yaest rpianaorsasaaaaaat aromas RBA aforomoma a Bows
Minoan 7 a Palla t Zenon, Itanpano a Oranryno.

333_00/- osell


CAUCASE..
Le 13 r.37
• 444,14414A4444-N4/404

Premier ossier comnuaiqu g stir la qustion 13/1'.11 L47


eaucasienne ((gargle).—
*41*******00444141041K441.

Commontaire gt;nral h la pestle es. 0 dosIlier "Caucasell


pr6sentd aujourdthui.
/2. Instruction comiaunicittie h notre g:zoupe en Su.isso.
\ 3. Note, sur le voyage de Eughne Pet.rovitch Clu4gurAchkori
(en Su2/e.le ,et FinIc yle 1943).
4: Information stir le . groupe raonc4ivik getargim Co PariS.
l'.# 7kil . ate.
aid ar Baum

• ..-.6. Khariton ChaVichv.ili.


•I:.• Eugbne Petrbyitch Guiigu6tcklcori.
1.17.'
_.0
• Michel Kee..ia.

• DECLASSIFIED
AND REL
CENTRAL EASED BY
INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
SOURCESNETHOOSEXE
MPTION38
NAZI WAR CR IMESDISCLOSURI A 28
DATE 2001
2006

REGSTRY COPY
.7

Commentaire G3n4ral h la partie . 6u dossier naUcaseu


pr6senti aujourdlhui.-
****44.**4(4************

Lorsqu l on so :)encho sur le s problbdes politicues du .


Caucase et ,.e son 4laigration, plusicurs 614dents coractiristiques
frappent l f observateur :
. I. Leo groupes politiques.jauent-toujours un role de
second plan, et . il cot rolativement els:3 de s l y reconnaltre.
. 2. Los porsonnalit;is oat toujours uric importance capi-
tale, marquent la politique Ondrale et modifient celle.des groupes..
3. Le role primordial . CILIG les tractations autour.du -
pitrole jouent clans les affaires politiques caucasiennes. .
4. La facilit6 avec laquellc les Caucasieas odmettent
.C:es2, la solution de leur pays h de grands trusts financiers on h de
grandes puis.andcs 6trangbres. ..
Nanal . .5. Les-intrigues intirieures de 116migration.cauciasie6-.
miommdl .0es ne Sont pas essentiellement -come dans la . plUpart des autres -
migrations - • de S • produits de conflits id6ologiqUes; . mais sont le;
r . lflet de manoeuvres de coulisses internationales,' de ri ,ialite de.
.grane.! en puissances, et d i atrocen rivalittis personnelles (cellesci .
vont parfois jusqu l h la 'irandetta). .
C f est en tenant edmpte de ceS traits.g4n4raux que
nous.avons. aborde 1 1 4tude du dossier caucasien qUi nous a 4t4.
eommuniquê . (dans le cas priisent celui du dossierge:orgien); ea nous
attachant en premier lieu h quelqueePersonnalites et en vou
.sighalantquelques . faits saillants. C l estlt notre point de vue la •
fagon la plus judicieuse de proieder.: • . .
. • Nous attirons toutparticulibrement votre attention -
sur le reVirement actual vers leg Soviet 'de Vedic-ration dela -
GgSorgie.. . . .. ..
'.. . Les causes de . ce 2eviretentsont nombreuseS..Enivoici•
quelques unes : • . : . ..
. . . .• .
. .. .' • I. La peur des . conaiquences de la collaboration
.effren4e des Georgiens avec les Alledands al est . . ce .piiint . 4e.
vue llt-tout fait caratt6ristique rue. la grande,oersonhalit6...
.0orgieane :dUgouvernement menclievii eUexilli.le.EiniStre Akaki .
Tchenk4114. qui no se soitpas ra1li4,aUx 8oviets.,, sit prelciseddeat.
fitai le seulJiiii • n i sit pas collabor6). . * .
• • 2. L'admiration s que suscite dans:. tous les milieux ......
giorgiens la personnalite. doStaline et' la qu!ils . 4prouvent .,
'Tad cest'un.de lour compatriote.. (Dans le tame orlre d t idee ce.,:'
.sont leS G6orgiens qui . ent . toujours mieea vedette la.persoirnalit6".-
d f un. autre de leur compatriote le Mar6chal Btiria,. chefdelIKKID)0
• • .3. La jalousie nationale envers /es autres peuples.
(le g Ckrainiens par exemple p ont la ii4publique'advi4tique a . 4t4 .
consid3rablement agrandie au: . cours de eette guerre aux dAriments -
de ia . Pologne),'et l f espoir cue Staline en . recuperant Kars et : - •
'Ardahon agrandira • lui aussi la . G ,iorgie aux ri pents tie 'la Turquie.
. . . . 4.. La croyance en l f impos.idbilite Pour la-G6orgie de
vivressans - leprotectorat d f une grand° puissance,. 'EA crainte.
peat tre aussi d o ttre , enfert4 en cas d f ind4pendence Hans . les .
crvIres d i m. Etat trop petit Par ra.7. , port 4 1 t immensite:ide son
.champs e t action 4conomique.. ' • .
. ' A ces cusE?s en6rales s l ajoutent e'ians•chaque cas
particulier des raisons personnelles trbs vari4es 'et gu l l/ serait' •
vain df6numerer.
.,-] --/ .' r-
I
Noun tie tonnaissons pas toutes les clauses de
l l accord qui a suivi le rapprochement 4.e 1 1 4migration eorgienne
avec le s Soviets, 'Lois nous signalons les trots principales :
1. Amnistie gin4rale pour Ous les 4migr•s.
2. Octroi de la natioualit4 soviitique aux dmigr4s
eorgiens et lpur prot r.ction diplomatique et consu/aire par les •
Soviets.
3. Non obligation • de retourner en Vorgi? ou en g4n.4...
•ral on UPS.
Comment intcrpr4ter co geite si "en4reux" . den
Soviets ? Nous voyons pludeurn exp lications (sans avoir la pr4-
tention de les voir toutes) •
1. Geste le prox,gande (c ome co fut le cis lens
l'affaire de r 4 concillation (.7e l f :;Ell:;ration russe) pour montrer
le ddmocratiame vole mtme le lib6rolismo sovi4tique (un beau
slogan pour . les bourgeis :nnous.intro-luisonsltopposition").
2.•Peuttre cans cc cas particulier minsu4tude de
Stalin.° et de Wria h 1 1 4gard de).eurs:conpatriotet. •
_ .3. Certitude de pouvoir•utiliser A leur profit le
6normes connexions eorgiennes dans lee trusts internationaux et
dans les milieuX'politignes contamin4s par leeaffaires on vue- *
• d t exercer un.Vaste • esPionage'6conoplque:et politique.
LecOnSiqucnces de cc rapprochement sont importantes
et trh6 dangereuses .
• • .1. Les O4orgiens•rosteront pour . beancoup da nonde lee
victimes typiques du bolchilvisme et auront ainsi malgr4 lour
reVireMent accS de• nombreux milieux . baUrgeois. us seront done
.des provocateUrs'rtv.5s'et ce d'autant blue que (tous n l ayant pas
le passeport Sovi4tigUe - il . y a (1m1 r;ues exceptions come A.
•Tchenkrai) . mtme le3gons . inform4s no q auront Oils out •
de . bons . ou da mauvais
. • • --2. Les O4orgiens connaissentpeut . ttre le mieux an monde
tOutes l o:s'intrigUeS ..saitrolinreS (pour avoit participd '(in tent_ -
: clule.prOpri4taires-,.interia4diaires,. courtiers-etc A dfinnoMbrables
tractations),:intreduits pluPart-des.grandS trnstspaurront
renseigger: les ovicts ur lea •'.ess---u .SIeS . pluaseCets.' .
• - :3: LesOlorgiens l ayant : d14fiormes sympathieadans les
milieux des peuple• . opprim6s, easayeront.O . entirer partie.pour.
renstigtier le s* Soviets sir lee affaires des jmigns:et)Out.ttte:
sur les -relations ?e'c,,.ux-ci aveC.leursr j sistances natfLona.ls: ..•
, • - '4.:Poug les Soy.etsc t est:Unrecrutement . hors pair -
..4/agonisii:dispensableS pour la-poursuiteunerande.politique .
p6troli:nre'(notml7aat le Prochelet le . lioyen Orient) et
.aussi pour poser lee jUons.4voutue1s•pour . une • expanSion en . direc-7'
tion de la Turquie .-Iminror . oh les Vorgiens'oht.toUjourS 6t6
bleu introduits. •

. -A notre avis les AutoritS am6ricaineS.doivent.attacher•
une •As grende:imPortance.A cette.question l . flui d4asse de beau •
.couple cadre des . petits:peupleS caucasiens. gous signalons
.1eUr sera trhS . diffibile d l instruire le' f',oesier du Caucase par leura -
propresmoyenS en raison do . la m4fiance ihmle de•touU les Cauca- .
•siens• --surtout:rlans les.civconstanees•actuoiles.:Par.contrep.:
• comMe les.C5orgienS . recorront eertaiaelilentaa nfssiOn dfentrer'
on contactavQc lee Okrailliens . (pour se renseigner et Pour
.accentuer'leut chaos int;ricur) i .il . nous sere'plus • faCile de nous
occuper dteux.
Nous pensons que 1 1 Administration am6ridaine est•
auSsi:int6r6ssde t cette questiOn quo lei milieux financiers de
Wall-Street, contre'lesquelaseront prAcisimment utilis6s:un
certain nombre de ces (I4orgiens nretconc11i4s" avec le g Soviets.
lous sugeions qu l il pourrait y avoir dne collaboration dons. ce
dOmaine entre 1 1 Administration Amdriceine, defimilieux:deVall
Street-(par•votre interm6diaire exclusivement) et none. Cele. . -
t.6cessiterait une Petite oganisation autchoMe,.la póssibilit6 de
nous faire parvenir tons les ,locuments se rapportant It .tettit
ouestion, la possibi1it6 de nous favoriser des d6placements
iparfois pour des..Collaborateurs one nous aurions ma vue dens ce - •
but ea France. et: en Angleterre), l l octroi de . cr4dits ind4pendante..
. .-:... • . . . . . • . • .. - .
Ce. premier dossier oue•nous Comiuniquansaujourd t hui .
. n t est-Out un debut-- la .Comp1exit4 des problbmes soulevds est-'.
*tale qu'il noUs fautteaucoup de.travail'et-de temps liour mettre
au point. le Oossier * suivant. • '. '

Le 13 mars 1947.
••
-4 •
Haider BAMUATE
**************

Haider Bammate est • n Montagnur(' *u Caucase (01roasaien)


de religion mahom .::tan.e, Venviron 55-60 anso
Cot un personnage trbs intelliEent, pre - que rliaboliqueo
trbs cultive, trbs rc.c - autoritaire, violent, faux et rus6.,
carribre est trbs . inVire!s7.arite.
Avant la Ic;volution - rw;2e; 11 a. ,..:artc•nalt a.ux cadres de
l i adinthistration . irap .Iriale Unucn.se. - cortitire ou chef
chancellns ie -u Vice-1:o1 (gouvi..rneur-g-;r_ s:ral)-du Cauca3e. Au wornent ott
.aprbs 1917, le- caucase s t ach .. .;ine 33,1 autono:d.e et vers 1/1104-
pervionee revective (415 nat1)ris qui le co...pose (4erbej••janyA.rm.6niey.
Corgie, CLucAse • u ouf•n sea
attaches avec l i i.mcien•r'• gi...e trite, 11 no •-)Outre trluver de
.place au sein .0 • 16. •.:volution transcaucasienue.. Il y e. lors en
Turquie (qui exiFie aors -; ani,exi■)is •ftur . pcns . du
• substeivtl.elics

caucase et nurtout c G.;orgio),- et se prononce pour le rattache-


went •:u Ca...case b. t.ravaille notaif. (-zit contre
la .drildgatiou caucasieruo:...;•ui . ni•igoci.c.i.a . 1.7 N iX, avec i.a 70ruquie.
acquiert- . une . lace Turcuie,. mals la • ...faite celle-
ci et cells .'os • pul ac.s b .nta1t l t oblirTent k partir et 11 Vs

Princes TcPemojewa appartenant


une• des plus •ptrolifbre U. CS. ...case, il'actille • trbs
proche u c•;11.1.,re",:ct .
• A rl.in, oh .F,e • •caebvnt ,:lors cometpirei:eurs.les.
plus • faraeuX u ..:mr:e arabO, 11 ne e :no j a eux. (sauf peut ttre
bSckib Arclan, syrien,..actuel:.e!..ent Gcnbve etl•aved
lequel ii ntretient • tou,lours •rt..ietims), 1r 11 7r ...tique
t t-:age •itir.-ue •i v at.t2 1 :nte. • •
. V rs L winos 1927 - 8, Pe.ris et se
mtle au iLouvr./.:ent ea .casicn. Tout- .•1•-...bort-", g-rt.i .c'e "%s contacts .
tablis avec 11 'u CF.Lucase
(.3u Nord. . . :ans . le gr:iupe . Prom-fth:e. :;alt le s Caucasians .
reMbre sOcialtstess clue
soit le gauverne...!ent cncvlk orgaeñern 17.e lic:5 Jordania,-
n auosuvat n •.:1 Azerbej • f.2•ja-n. !:*.r...-f.4.en Ley Toptchibaschi.
pr-isi ,.:.pr.t. • • u cer.is&I.1 tIcI, .auizv.-':•,• Ica 'e.r • '1.in-avat.•,:.•Mir
y;Aub :bey, All bey' le grrlupe arrni en de las.
Chatif-,sian et Ift.rjanallon. (p . re)• .. . •-• • •' • ••,• ." • • •
jugee.nt ztt p.rt (!u.c ;:-...ench-5v1=c Eita_it •
.une primre, 0 : orgions t'.envahissalent
boaudoup • trap .Promithic,. c ra biontht fle r C:-.1.;casicns ,fie de
grotep-6,— to.tit en cortserazipt -*les cor.t .act. s amic.aux avc -les Okrairtielis.
(Prokcipovitch, • Choulg .:ine; et. Ie Turlr estaniens • *- -
(aistapha. boy .Tchokai-Ogbly)
A la 'tin de 1929,. ...1.1..fontle ?. ..,r1s.-probablement •grttee
• /-167., Toads c:e la fol.-111:e Tchcrmojew- une revue, ••
DzIgue. ruse, Caucase 21.1. C 3. ;ice dE.I fendre •
\ eat10.11J::::e pan CalliC.E.:Si c-'11, ax SUr un -)an-turqUisme.
th•orieue. Au :3•ibut 11 u r'c c11.abo2.-eteurs . et :7-e..1ecteure,
y•-• p -eat.; ;lour-hall:AO 6. 1 an talc:tit exceptibnnel,.. il- tte •
\ ttrTh ps par se:.1 7, crits - 1Ui ui'classent lupauvro arsebal dtartielt!.
' ..menchriviks •ct:ucasicus• - se . cr t er un vral•-public
. e.c le lire. il,a pour but r irr U. ler, oppOsitions natiOnales
\ du Caucase (nationallE;te!-. g ; orgiens z_vin1t...-d.z6. et Constantin
; .. hationalistes •giusulmans ou tures eu ei...ucase Ali. Khan: . • . . •
Ka:it-AD-dr .et Taa Elikhoti), arends p6tro-
liers cauer,s1ens (on pc"...' :,:tache., Tehr;..-.0j••17—Gulbek:len..
11 s i git la r.,1f .-ireacE., 1 La rirne
.0 :1
BEST I LE
-2-
par conalnuent ,rd roterding, qui .0roc4da : au rachat 6es actions
Nobel), :le former un group° coh , Srent, et • (7e nouer en taut lue
relnisentant ce grope relations avec one ou.plusieurs
Puis:ances "'qui ont l l avenir devant elles"t
Son activite: va•revenir rouble, journalistieue (Pune
part, sa revue continuant h parattrep s org . niratrice 4 f antre part, il
.voyac!ara, Ira cr1tn, 1 Rome, en.Turquie, mettra en branle tout
le Plonde 4norme de relt.tions los-bdevr. Mais son centre reste
fix5 1 Paris.
Vers le- aen A, :s 1931-1932 le nore de sesa''eptes •
augmente consie4rablement (ii pent (1 ,..ijh lour ''onner res traitements
princiers h 1 1 6chel1e re l l imigration). Si . l l opposition nationalist,
eorgienne n l adh/re h lui in corpore (se rservant Pm tent cue
troupe une 1ihcrt action), c f est pourtant auprIs lc lui et sous
sa .'ireetion cu t elle se nauifeltc 7 t e la favn la.plus.cohSrente.
L9ovositiou eorgienne donne h T:aa.Late des repr4aentants Data
Vatchnadv5, en r;ral KvinitaW, Kichel • Mdia (eui n 1 5crit • pas mais
-repr4sente on oncle • Constantin),..hvalichvili,. Sagirachvili etc.
Le:! nationalistes ct turts (11 faut se souvenir cué.
1 t !4 migration caucasimne aply:rtenant'' la race turque.
ou tiourk 4tait trba neu nombreuse, ,'e..aorte
•et Zontagnnrs eu Cabease 7 0..ent h 'ire OseZ:tes, Akhasiens Circas-.
ions 'etc - ,?evaient s- r. rnuper pour : euilibrer chritiens
Caucr ,se - c f w, t irc le7 , orci,ns et les Armániens -). .
c..5hbrent 1nelvi r3 ue11ement. . . • .
• 1 la fin e rnate obtient le soutien du
Reich; il none r e prcieux'contacts . evc Le:=. J6ponaiS,-11 entretient
;'es relations cor-'14 . 1es aved les fascltes italiens,.et.reste•ton-• -
jotirs en trbs av,,c le:: tures et les prAonsis. Ps le
6ibute 1934 son groupe :7, rend . le nom re "Cancase", il fait paraftre .
trois revuOr mensuelleS (en .ruzse, en .f7.en;;Lis, en a11es,andv) 1 un.
c p.hier trimestriel en anglais, .r:itious. non priOleues en
turc rn iverses 1:n ? us c.. •
.Le voupe l'evmease n jouissant de .
r!renf's appuis et ayant des rainifications clnsirsbles - 3 ans . tout 16
?roebe . et souvent'ans 1es criulisses.de
it% .SDN. . . . .
Vf,rs1937, jug (aprbs 1 l i,..rr1v6e du
freat populoire.:Al pouvoir) : .!'e c. uitter : sri6, il installe sea.'
ri , :actions I Tierlin; •,)r;oere.nn 21c,:. I teii6 Lausanne.
(I1 est,intant• 6e 1or5::lue la .:12erre clE:tera,malgrti
les attache germsnophil ,:s Del:ate, aucun re'sesamis •
'on France ne sera•iru1't.5, jouira au .eolltiaire f7e protectims.
-uis:. antes). ••
eui intruisitic- ,-J p ponais (consul
en : ral Inagaki Gtnve et ;:„..Figi:.urs) ::4.1.1.Ux de 1 t 4m1-
ration non-rusoe e' t. 17:e u21 . 0-u:.pitr e h part.. et.
trbs intirs-ant 'eson s...ctiviti. - :ns cmsacre
trs grarCe 741ace s a la :Cense 2fie ohIre
an y: re7r!SentEmts . nions et ac 'os;ne, ausFA Ablications
une teintcraciste.
• . Fn (:.of/t 19?9,.1 •L uit.r co la cenclusion-',u pacte
germano-soviitinie, 1.11c?mnnE. ''emen0frEnt h 'mate de cesser
1L21 pzrution .scs 11.st6tab1it, •
niers . * . finitive::en: en
r!nfues Ukre.iaiens et les
Tur1e;:tan:17ns tandis qu'fl
viol-ncn t is le s mench5-
viks t:-tuezsiens - .:urtout J p r . c.niL -t
A peu Nibs au mtme moment (ti 1939), Michel Wig,
4galement de retour Oe nerlin at retournant h Paris, vint le Voir
au nom du groupe nationaliste georgien at metre en assez violent
conflit avec Dammate, officiellement pour le motif eue is cause
g4orgienne etait 4touff4e dans le caere g4n4ra1 eu eaucase at
sacrifi : e au l t;. triment des turas et . 'es musulmans. La vraie raison
cependant eu conflit r e si e ait eans le fait qu'un group° do nazis
georgiens (faiblen numeriquement mais nuissament sotenus) risquait
ee taire e e in surenchbre einagogieue contra Len nationalintes
g A orgiens, at cue Pameate e l; telt pas enthousiaste enermettre h
crux-ci r;porCre.
Dien eu t il rent° rn euis n e, ha yeete cons e rve en Alle-
meene eee appuis trbe nuissents, notemeent celui A 9 son WA
eersonnel le Comte 'e Sehullenburg, Amban s eeeur Ou Reich h Moscou
at qu'il avait cnnnu h 1 /4 pnrue e h le 'Aplomate unit t consul
A t Allemagne h Tiflis elers 0011 . tit lui-mtme secreteire.dt.
vico-rot. e-pen A ant se- r e letions gen .: rale o .avec l e s Allamanes
.neront reelect; jusnu t h la in de 1940.
Au printemps 1941,.a1ors e u t il e evint •'vieent eue les
Allemanes alledent s t engager :an s la .6nerrA eo .'Et, Bammate est
officiellnMent invitr.; h Perlin. Ilitc aue•pr-I peratifs de is
cuerre, ort soevcnt conSulti l a nombreueos convereations aVee
It princlpaux 4 irieeants du Reich et avecles homees e4 jh d4sign4s
pour l t aeminietretion ee e fuiurs tereitoires occup4s. Il.observe.tout
ee son oeil lucid e ei intelligent. II seeble que les Allemands lui
aieut fait des propositions trbs flatteuses. quitteMerlin ea
Jain 1941 et retourne en SuiAse. Ii est certain.que eichel K4dia.
etait pit 'e sa prieence h Berlin et d lui:ten 4 re pas mal•
e l embeches, car Bammete •tait un concureent reeottablee . et . um. '
hoeec re grand formatcapable e e jeeee'le rele' faerer. ees -
Caucasiens; ,1.13 11 e vt 1.robab1') :nte'leS'intriguer. des autres
eeucasiens alent infu re la "cisio..i. ec beeeate ee retourner ea
Suisse.
Revene en CUiee, l porte is preelee , en moment 'One
oh la Wehrmacht .1 1 .:branle eiztoricueeeent vcre'l l Est, le.&agnostio
de l t ineviteble 44faite alleeenee (il exalt ete llopInionrde
T;i12:zate a sees:: alors e t ue eoi . e trbs bur r eur la .e:cision japae.
neise 'ene.ees ietereenir eu cOt : e:ee l t Allemegne contreatURSS).
-l epeint la e. :eorgetisation *e le etructure intiricure allemande,
l t opposition j.. irr : euctiele entre l)re et le parti nazi,
le proereeme ridicule ':ettin . ; heeEnt (kenreelet erSvoit
l t hostilit A ees pupulOtions colvedees, la . feen.etien :'e e partisans
et le s e ifeecult - e eour echeeieer . l t eeirovisioeeement 7ses'premibres
lignes), 11 note te,r, len septener c la , ".faite fut:re. Le r4cit
circeistencle; eu t il e fait e-Ate epoeue eu , leuee tees rares
.eersonnee (cc :lent le: Poloaais eui eel's ont . One, ogn r,:taseignement)
e st ebsoluecnt seiele s ant. e -us ienerees si 1.6%1'
an.lrinfv . 3 et anglaisn.eirt cu clors connaies p ece du
rapport -ate (suit iiect: eeteseie ,ar leintermeliaire des'
Polene l s), en tour ee- eas ce teet e : eetr ur eue-demee utilite
':.rXt el, icr :0.
Vu r ! pDliti* eubliele IT 'forum ceucesien ee
e;e:mate ;,reu re "in Z. nt. etoccup urtout h
r,nforcer ra un livre stir ltIslam
.(publi4 en 1945 chez Payot) Qt. oet bennce; pages perarent Cans
I e eeneuel eereeno:)hile eui v "ic :;141Stle".,ii ,'evient.eiplomete
''vi ent en 1943,
chargi .:. t ufraircs 'e entv,Ainnt des
EST I LE
• -4,-

contacts d6sint4ressds avec les Polonais (en 1943, grAce an courrier


-liplomaticue afghan 11 fait effectuer pour leur R4sistance et leant
.Service de Renseignements.des.payements en Fran*, lea Bates •
et lea Ukrainians. Il s t abstient ee porter des . jugements our .
po/itlque caucasienne.(en , 1945 lorsque at tes Ards viénnent.
on suisSei-il a/a que des relations le caractbre purement amical
lu/avec son compatriote at ma'am collaborateur All Khan Kantemir
at Ali . boy. Ii participe t ce grandas affaircs
financitres. •
. 2n mai 1946, :;a femme et i'artie pour New-York, A •
sent tablises frbras Tcho:mojew.
Pianmate membre Vicariate -IpIcmatique.
Internationale (A.F.Frangulis), ct &malt collabor4 au.dict1onnaire
de.1/Acae4mie.
!Chariton Chavienvili
it 11 it-tfil*K-tt-41-******

KnExiton ehaViChYili, Re de 65 an 'nriron, olt


vieux Alitant u parti soc1a1-e.4mocrutc rue, puis parti
• socia1-04mocrate (mcaichSvik) eorgien, repr'caltant permanent de
le G6orgie (gouvernallent menchSvil: on exil 'e Noe Jon'auia) . auprbs
le la SDN, reprsntult perancnt • u perti ;rwnch,ivik gtiorgien
auprts la II be Intk-rnntioale. •
:luneSse„ 11 c-,:s?Ira avec 1v.
str, eorgicns Tz Jor.:ania,TchiidzS,
•Gu;guchkori v4c) core tzars. Ii e la Cibtirie,
la prison et Tindf:mcnt ;otit C eve . au lu ;griode
: orsrle vcrs.1919..
Intell,gant anormal (ii e une 41oeu-
tiou d'unt- Ie:Itcur intallectuoll presou t ualrent •
nourri rle 1ecture:7. marxlstes ou.ri:co--en1-.;es par les . marxistes;
et pnysirument trbs et •e aLor:'
l l itayazes,, ion • ' 1 111L ori1nai (d f url ftu • .our 1 persounes 3r =al
intentionat: es b.. sou .;gard), •

1.:enchivik .fanbtioue.vt •atriote g- ; orgien, iIa su•se


Crier une 'Situation exceilut r l'ans les famines protestantes.et
putriciennes Ucnbve. T'ans . ck.rtLl,; etra7itionnent
lib4rtitux et bour p,;:.ois Gtn',,ve (t.J ..an ancien directeur
e :u. Jourded.:e aur.Ual ehv1chvi1i vait orvInisi en . 1920 un
voyage ea elSorgie, le put Llbert L1che, .e ranf•a.vocet
Qiorgie, la Vanille Claper'e etc), les paroles de Chavichvili
sent consid6r ecrLme. paroles dtvangile.
' Ent-re les . r'eux (j ue:o rer:,. chavichvili rut un militant'.
e!orgn trs actif taut ?I la S T.'N -ot.1-11 la tr1t-Ine.de.11Unlon..dte•-
AsFociatione-;:our la MI .(voir •;:ot..)ccies . et'4.1 organisation).
11 ,:Oseit Fans' k.nestion g&nrgiernne ....:.que-sur Le terrain .
int6rieur aenevois. , • •

A le 5DS sa Iul 75,: rmit:de pa g er -


trc-ver. 4cueils, :, Ue . c.ontituait (Pour le.s ..'15gu6s •des : : •
PeUes c'ty pril gis) 1 ;r6n: .es . intrigus antisovi6t1ques . on facistes -
(iigue Inabert; ligue vati ."-komintern, •cffaire sino-ponaisei.
affaireisthiopnhe,tc) ::.ei.:ttint.tcujours'.tmcontact.
correct avec'la 7.oloy::1se ee la nti •
(I.Lssion KOthrnicki), trop
t ca soin L . sOn .gouVernerlent•en . exil (Jordaaia,,
mtretenu trais
suffi sr.c7r:.-nt sur les fondedits pro-.•
:4 ; Wcus u I112;ze zepr•DabrowSki'dtabord,
• •
ui
. , n•
Lac, • .
.!_1C111
• • f • j)

br3e i4 ureau, sp 4 c1a1emvnt attach :5 NiprbS t'U front pro-


• h;en . 11 Parir. chf:rit fOnde).''
Sur intur .sizisse, LI ut:Cinait
volontieratribuno r7encVois•Ourtut'le Journal de'
GenbveY pour d ,'fen..re son ) ..is'et cttatwer . l . Soviets,: et . leurs •

6.7%1i7uo.. ,;u reste la ,grande • .


populariti de uhavichvili - : cns los rA11tux lib5raux At ConierTateUrs
e,e'Gan?ive. Ii eut un noz.bre'c . , nsira1-,1oe- procbs en Jairfama--.
tion avec ! .c.r: 1aZers cCunistos cu co..unisants suissei et les
agents:prtisums cu 10 n t avons:pr6sonts A . •
l t esprit'que , 'cuy:affai.res . reterAissai%tes . b.11 :ipoque : Tin 1929,
1 1 c..ffaire Ch;:vichvili-Eltchian (CO riernier accus4
.. )Lr .ChtivichVili fans I rJr,. o.)lonn , s nProxr5We" d). ariger la'
propeganOe sovitic.uu en !-.;u1s..7.6 pn.zaca un )rocs cn
-2-

qui se temina por.le triompho de Chavichvili et ''onda pr6toxto


l'ensemblo de la press() gcnovoise et sUiose l l atta^aor les cam- .
munistes alors con'.uits un rune du no:: Dikkor);
en 1935 ou 36, procbs Vicole ( 4 go1e:4cnt wvadtw
acuittalent de Ch u : 'on lu chef co=,uniste Ruisse).
Lc gue.:. re vicnt. Le .c.. uv ::. ranment eorgism mcnch'ivik
exil rublie :eux . 1.c clarntions, il se ran7e •ans la •
guerre aux c5t'is (l e la Polomo, o la France et de la -Grandp7Bretagnee
La situation . or, Gioreicns '1ff:io11°, lc gouvcrnement
polonais du (15nriA i3rS1L (AverS) ne ponvant almmler cans les.
eImes p ro)ortions ( . u t en ?olorne le nutlet). !."'ans ces
conditions, Chuvichvili, )riv'. P v..sourc;:f7, alors les contacts
perr•onnels on r;l1171C dV .:C i.e 2 Z!J.e ru eau ploi- )ar ltinterm6diaire
:! tZelle :)E;•.:..rnente po10-

'..)r.,c1E. :ran; Ise a... 1!..mc la portc-flaitive de


contact entr ,: ct.,=da en. e .7.11. Le fils d.e
uhtNichvili ong;•f.7 volont:Ar g 'Enr Fran;;..ie (-t fait .
Prisonni'r 1% E.% Lalinc (Il,spro -Aus'tard
Cala u tclaz): • •
chuVichvilf se r.C-rochc alors journcliste uireinien
Michel Jercr4jcw, l'GenZ:ve trcv/.111c :Nee /es Polo-
'WC nais, v.v1c Leurs :4 %r7ieceet pier? e f intimit 4 bea*-
*certaines vicilles relations

cou:, :11us .7.ran1. ChavIchvili profite
cement
mentos franqaises en 8aVoie'pour recevoir une'carte frontalitre, et au conrs
desann6es 1941 et 19a il rait 'e friquents voyages ..4.ans la r4gion
sevoyare . situde antre la :i'ronti'Te genovoise, Annemassc.et ThOnon. .
Pour aellc Wardlewska et 'M.Jeremijew 11 clq.cute des !Assiont
.adprbs,do .Polonais, eui se sont notarrzient ln ,:ta7:1:;s 1 Douvaine
1.1irensm.et i an cowrie'. i:-.:.portant (34:: .:leR . so:azies d t argent considirebs
bles pear les Folonais, et . exlcute'beuucoi/pje.-.2issions priv4es de
mtme • • .
. On our (Ia ate .exacte nous chave) en 1942,-1.1 et •
etr?Jt4 en territoir- fraiials par . Ifac:.ministration
vichyssoiseSi'coarrier:et ix .n ont• cenfisqu4s tbutes.les.
.pF: rson.les mtles t.ccte Uh..lui 3-AMe ii. ressort -
::!aeje.COUrrier tt.it C€ or d'une iMportance except1onae114.
Ch.'. et mis 0..ans la pri2on , :t=1 sue S 4wwww,
s t 6-Jeuvent . Jcenij.E\rtin fait une cd11eCte rias yie:en sa . faveur .
%Pa.ur ?poser ap e caution auprts:la Justiuo fran•aise, qui rl:u
re.ste . le:rHlache . aSez rapi.7eent en lul r:nl:Nant toutt;fois la
cartefroaLlire.'Le:t. 'e e.cttofaire, g . Jeremijew, -
appaii% la• i;aiss.es •fa Ch.,puis souain • il change.
O l ettituni e, 11 proclame vcnt rue Uh..Q-t an'ordvocateu•
allelocn(J, laicL; (•xprtS, cos6(ur.nt
eu'..!ort•• •
• ent1-5 1 Lt.4t.Lo:de
J:-=ijcw. (..,.iunce e 4.11',:.Wass11ewska.
J. rcifusc le rec-rvoir. uhvichvill ' furis= se . ::'resSc alors contre • •
Jeremijew sort. tout le "'dossier" l'aecuse'de
trahir len Ukralnins, :T l ttre un'ascat •ouble ou.triple ,z.t quadruple
la . solde . ees Polonrds, Eovicts Jup.mais et ::cs• Italiens,' •
,'.. t avoir'maniganc 7*.fr, tation . '.c Gb. 't,it seul au •
. courant (":es voy-S!!..en lrancc), l f accuse,auesi Oavoir
sor2r.:e. cc,11ectes en sa-faveur lora de cette 6.rresta-
tion etc. etc. Chnvichvili cO• Oonditions•va :chez.le Procureur . •
de la a6pub1ieao Ge:•:ve t'pose sur cc s bases u..le plaiLte.
contre Jereijew. Lec:.
Albert 1SaLche e :-.0.)reconnoiscnt 'e 1r4 :o'sition. de Ch.,.
prennent sa fence, conseillent retirer ianidiatemont
1a 1einte, qui faute ,Q:.nuves coners se retournera contra: lui.
-3- •

Lr n lairte rut retire, .:tin le conflit Jer:Jei:ew a-ehLvichvili ne


fit cue se sivelopper, 0 •ipassa le s slenvenima
et•eresna l'un contre l l autre deux clans t1 la bourgeoisie genevoiso.
Peaucoup plus tard, nous avons appris par une indis-
cr6tion polonaise rue K.Choinatski, PurPau polonaisp.avait
laisser tomter Ch. - la mbla r'resse p crqui-ci
nc permettant ! N es aux Polonais, ';ins la situctien oh us re trou-
vaient olors, e1e soutenir. .1*.ais on . ne faiseit nullement grief 14
ChLvichviiirle ,. .• .
:epuis cc to.:-.ps Ch .-vicvilk 71 -1a unc vie mis A rable W
CP%nbvP, sans 'ar g ent et 5-ans co:it:cot :Nee 1.s sions;.ee temps ea
t r m's a .16 :5 par ser is suicnc7. 53:+n curl:care vin!dcatif le rame-
nait cosse sou hist)tre ovec JtxciAjew. La campLgne de d4ni-
grAtion contre. celernier.faiTit l l esse:Itiel'e on activite.
attacvait tons ir!-.'r Jvr rszijow nele WanAlewskai Haidar
tam:anttal J.P. G:brys (l c' lituanien) lc s accusant tous dittre
r'e qprovocateurs, .-:c agent!: ctn.' • .
. • • - • A la libiration Parisi Chavichvili rchoue-contaCt
.avec les . siens (Jordania, Gugu;tchkori), =ais ceux-ci pe Peuvent
o l l aider ni morelement, ni mat.:riellement; Ils sontterroris4s• pat..
.1s. vague d i4 puration. lc France et qui rivque de les
atteinOre, cor.mc, ayant . collabor ii 4VOC pal- le canal
de .
Au 1945;-:.:Iche1-KdiaVient Luisse.
se..cert de ehavichvili •'/I2:71 factotum, paye touteS . seS dettes .
.(prZ's , e mille francs) et . lui .e viVrosUr.un
piecl asr;ez large. .Cc r 'ionf%its n f emplehent toutefois pas..cb“e.
colporter . partout des bruits: isobligoants sur:K4iia, affirmantl*
collaboration trop intime celui-:ci:avec le r t.11-47.n.!So1neinnant'
d fA v pntuels contocts aved les Sc.:xi:its.
K:dia .1c7 portes lc soci . A . il. trsclitionnelle
'in mars:1946, la . vieille
.:Chavichviliseus 1 1.occupat1on ievientnt,la.Cour ce:Z.t-44i66.
GE-ACM(1 1S: Ch.,':?ourSivi
. cendamn-5 par. .d.faut Wuu TZIS prison et. :t.uneftrbS 'forte - 3itendO •
.Le ..oresse . t.cnevoise not 1e:f1.iit 'aveb..ce4a .ssion i t..n is quejti.
• . V6ix:UuvriWre coculte de vpir on en,..:oraicOnannEi. or f: eux . pims . .„
Spres coup c' th':atre, la Volx Ouvrnre i •cans moffificr•Son-OPinlon.•
Sieur pr7,u0 une position .'.e.principe.:1e..
-journal. .:coramtiniste.appren( 4, 'e source,s0re . rlue labonne:foi . de Ch. no
.:saurAt . ,btrar..ise • en:oute,* car . 4.avait.:aidi:aa r.6sistance:,pOlo-,
Pulse et ruSse . (sic); Dans•c'vS.Conditionb,-un ' tribunaie la France
1ib5rtie conclamner un homa.e.riaitrompait l'occuPant T1)Ws
lors. la r 4 vision proCtis 6st.as-U•ie, •et viendra czfret'en
novarsOre 1946- obvichvill Prt. cottols . acruitti...I1 est
'ncitc!r -1. 11 *dans sa .1fens f! nft., pas fait f tst o c.ser griefs 'centre.
La rr ; -:se bourr, e p ise tejtent,Ve tmoi.E.:nc • tcle fois le. plus
sa s;: npathie Cilvichvili et Vnix OuVriZ, re exprime sa•
. atisfaction. . • . .
• • - Au 7.1trne (novC:::bre 1946) -1,Thit
sur ser souvnirs •:7',nnes-e• a lutta'rfivolu-'
tionnKlre-contre la•hus 7 ie (es Tzars et . 7.. Ses.contects•personnels
- .aven • taline (alors Koba Jos-ph r:jonach :vili o;_Soso),;• Nous:.
• 1norons.1P co!tt P nu f'ec., livre p t clprit 11 a 4ti..
.arAt,.
• ,,,„,car 11 ,, st procurer chez un libraire.:
U!
..'.!r1 a L6 or4tru- 'ans le
srsr:?.-ve.
Cet nutomne Chavichvili avait accentu6 ses accusations
contie gichel K4r1 1a, il le d.inoncait come cut agent Oes SoViets.
is 'en mtme temps, il trouve.justes 1v. revenAications sovi4tiques
Mites pal; la Republique Soviritique Socialists 'e Corgis) contre .
la . Turquie, et proclame lui aussi la n I ce!AmW retnur -7e5 as-
tricts do Kars et a l arr!ahan h la mhre Petrie..
Went toujours h la mbme [Cpocueque le gouvernement
mench5i1k eorgien on exil tourne casaque . (la ic1a.ration Jorf!ania—.
Gu 47uA tchkori a paru on eorgien on novembre 4 sorte oue presqut
aucun stranger n i .- . pu en . prew're connaisrAnce) et ne a:lie h
-nogomolov. Chnvichvili oui n P souffle mot eetto histoire
iffirme toujours ruprrnte h Canhve la :noliticiue
to Jor:lania -t Gu4gu6tchkori.

/•
rughe Petrovitch OIZGUFTCHKORI
,44/it***-14******41***-11*****o*****
Eu0ne PPtrovitch Ou4Ku6tchkori issu
d l intellrctuels bourpois de Il ent Ag A Mun nr. 0 pinrrnrie
:aoins-e 70 ans. Avocat gon : A tier, 11ost Ø.x..-raoreincire,..ent
C.cou ; pour len affaires.
Nuna i.tU .nce ubtile, nounle, .rarf1n.4,
ceauscur'itica- . ,arablu, spirituel et cnaralf, ar, on jusn3 pouvcnt ttre
I rcux ct cruel, ti Eugbnc .,;t2u . itchkori l le brillant (7.er
politiques eiorgiens.' - ' •
K:Arxiste 711bcle, th IL ert -n app(;rrnce
rigLie ENCO L rinoipes, iIi 11 s t est. #uttoat servl u ocialisme'
pour f;Ure sa carribie. •
la. R:volutlon Ru:ze , e 1905, ii Cut ,'4put4 re
Tiflis la Douma imOriale - oh lra;f11 Tziretelt et lui furent leS
:10mum • seals ics r. uatr iputin g.■orgiens. qui se firent remarruer
(Tchcif: z:i et Tchenk-.1 1i furent toupars ann l t ombre). Il. slit re/r4re
PetersLourg .0 no.:;:ruux sezvices: .aa:c. b;:n ,:uis :Ir et :,itrolicrs r'u
Caucr,sG.
WO,
• L la .s:paratiba aa -eaCbiviks 'u
soci1-64motrate,.11 a suivi,la conynneit .
%Ieux u nature. .
Au la ...volatiaa ,e 1917, Gtrigu.;tehicori
dovait jouer ea G.ozie et .'ans teat Ie . Caucase un't8le ..4 e tout
preier plan. .
Sur l'iai t. iative dos con ,tc,ils rvolutionnairer
transcauceSiens, Gu4gU,itehkori et . a 1 . •.; le 11 nay:milt° 1917 1. la
prsiC.ience :1L1 Coialnissariat e TranscaUcasie, -sieant IL Tiflis. Le
UommiSriat, qui conservait le'c;ntact avec Petro7.rad, levient
cepen:*.aut en fait le gouvernement ljgal tout le r.Jbucase.:..
. . Le Cofnmissariet . ,oit fdte . face aUx . nigociations avec
la Turruie, coan.l cutives aux . p&urparicrs:de erest-Litovsk,-otl. la
R ussie communisteait la Turcuie•Kars, Ardahan , et Datoum. PoUr.
Immo= les Caucasiens,. importait 'nurtout de Swayer Datoum le grand port
d l export7.1tion :6.1trole 1. 01.:eksou.Gu6.04tchkori K. . Akeki .. •
Tcbenlvili . pour les nigociations fa:Turruic, lui
co=ontent IL . Tr6bizonde'le 12 mars 1918 . Sous e . t aStez maUVats
auspiveS,..leS Tures ;!tant-trba:exigeants..-".
,* 146' 22 avril 1918, late.caucasienne -prOclame _ •
l'incrpen-!ante:cl e . la'Transeauca c.de.. Le Commi5sariat-4ev1ent
'gouVernement. G.:se retire et ts ti ,:e le:poste Kl e'preLder winistre
TchcnkAi... • . . • •. . . . . •
, u tchkori
Gu,.4 .;.4 teste uh*c .-?rtain*tmps'. ?1 l t ->cart .•
pouvoif,'il ne'yeut . :P,As se coMpromettre ni seas
1%utre . ovec la Turqule. C =:ptil-Cant :ftembrecniell.Naticaal de la-
C. orgie, ii ouera un rOle aSsez c.:uivoque au moment (26 r.ai,1918)
;le la proclamation de l t iLICT:n: encede ia 5 ; Publicue nilocratiqueAe •
0 4 or§ie . (&prs 1 I 5cTo is 1.;publi ,sUP Tral!:ecuend.rnno,11:1 'I
ltintransig(ance Tares, 1, l l occupation par lel soldets bolebvish •
l t urn ,ie s:Ausse de 1:::Lkou et ..:.4_tiraillainents Furvm.: yor'.c.ujet
entresulmann la
G5Orgie fut-,i.:111.: LAI c3usuil tional orgien, No4 -
Jorania ot Liejorlt; i.,Quch .;viTac, par le group . e• !.lesh ffiCiers
tentris '.1 1.allemagne et pr les . ments de r'roite, Cul
nouhaitaiont u:ne inter7mtion all y n:e coar protiger 1:atoam . contre. •
la menace turque. Crair:ant 7. Lic,.cet acte ue Cut ;111 g.-; contre-
r6volutioancire, Jorbnia, sur le Conseil 6e 0u6gutchkori, .envoya
ra-stiiiii.xxxmatExkxRmxcaup:iscoumZknt.7_11amimmia.4.11 •.
Un t616gramme A dccou dman el ant l'avis ct . •1.1nro1ation de
(1 1 111$. to1re 'e cott 71ur: an ''!!!i7rat1on
alincntcr . 1a po1m1(1. uo entre :i.f .nchiViks ot natio!lvli g t.es). L'ine:i-
pcnence fut co-)orr:r.nt proc1am5e et uucuno riponse no parvint eu
t.1!gramme.
• 'PorOant la "protection" ullemaw:e ? e la Giorgie,
Gu5gOtcbkor1 ne perticipa pss z,u-pouvoir, entretint dlexcellents
contacts.avec len repr;m::nt;.nts '0 la firme 1 .)tro1ifro a11nnan0c,
• Uobel.

• Ape-r. 1: 1,11%lant:s llocuw‘ation


englaise, Gu:gutitchkori c0vient :l1ni.7tre 'es Lffaires Etrhne3res.
Xi uo alrs . Thubl:!Jou : 1. ,:vr, c Anc.lnin (prrni lcst:uels
cr ; o r-1:ati)nn p711t1-uc Tlaffair.is), qui . patron-
nolt C.ols Aatre:inol :..:(ottonnFt1• ,1 rles g^n4rn1x
fl'n1k1ne 't :Vrangel en • n.rti pour protSgor leurs int4rts p6tro1i-
fbres. 2. avec len 3ovicts, ont 11 otticnt la r;Ii11-.1ance
officielle de l'inl'. ?Qn .. aace. g.l orrimne. •
• Anrbs l'ultimetum'soviitiue de rAaris 1921 L.laG4orgie,
Gdigg itcbkortsont partir,ans . e l sbarOonner ia G4orgie
sahs combat (Ils oDnte:teront -q ua tarl cette .11s
abandonneat birOi.ruMent Tiflis puts latoum,
sous le commanlemnt .1 1) . 0 .; r1r11 Kvinitadzi, et partent Avee . tout le
gouverncment menvhivik de 1:intoUm •pour CoAstentinopIe...
• • .Gu6guitchkori rcts • un tempS. as ez.court en Turrjlie
(sufriant toutefois-.1 our's l y faire .:7os . relations) ct gagne Paris.•
Il sera. en e7.11; le minintre UranF;Ares -., ermenent de.
la Giortie. ed titre 11 2articipc .aux conf5r-smoes. internationales,
aux ceogrbs.de la II. Int,Frnationale, joUiSsant 6e 1 1: 7:pui des
socialistes franqais . (iiimauY delet -anTlais

. . ,La Giorgieitantronnuefeff±ciellement'par la
Fronce (jusqU t on . 194.---”, ninistre r:kakt Tch , nk311),.le pas2eport •
(71p1onaticue hmori r tDus le c: . p.ays de l t Entent?, le
:Zinistre les Affairce 1A-rangAr(:.1. . El.c75.16Urra circuler.librement. •
'Son titre, son . E.xtrerdinair i: ./..A.;t11eti.i1son . charme l ses,re1ations. i -
de p art1 aiec u' 1e 1eaCcr.S.f;s611-:.:tes Curop .5ens ouvriront'
be'aucouPe ::Ortes l ' UOneHLI u ..Igu;';tchkori:. • :%":•
. • • '0 .-4,c-uret -u n onde • des, • .
A-talres, cOil.connait'Av.lit.toUjOurs0t . tlansicquel . il rentre
port,s 'conv.onable.:Kais
sUL ambition. ues.1v. ',.yoUsse pas tant-versgcnt,'.cuc-.vers.18
v olOntS. 6 1f=.tre -r c1 1 ,-17 lc:!.effaires
Ts olitl .vueo et'finrncnrcL.1...portante5:u,z:on6.e.occita1... -
- • La. FrEynce,. 11ddubtre nociliste
bic .I t inum-;rer j3rte Th ica .'crs SFI0. ne
lui sol"es Lrpuis ent77 .
'cui out Oct zvnftg, .itcip •no..-.v,nt 'au 17ouvoir •
:'.(1 la .c-turre c 1.1cxceilcnts
n termes,avec'
•Castou 'lcri 111 r6 A.ica1 . arctF1 Ts at), ii en
relt%tions ut 7onzie.. Par ees•

cn.s ii omnalt le.f:rans courtiers .Y z.ffaires; lc.H:anquiers.


courti4e 101. IFra.511t rin iq.-.1lis A la
urst: ••

.in hnglettrre .sari (.0...i.,triote. le Prinde Sounbatov


I• li.,tion . s . ..,:aler.riv .;cs_ot non
politi&u0s. (oar ii pniac n l. :;:m.chvik)• — il.se fait des
1a (f.rbu..1 76/iAtre

est
d f abord, en sr, rualit lnius,irthat repr“ ,• ntant o u gourernement
mench4v1k, • l objet do touter le< attaques •u clan nationcailte
(GdmiralIvinitez Ot eonstmtin M'ia), 4 12 groupc . nbucase" (bam-
mate), ot'mtme e ts cumarades de parti ot de gouverne!aent (Akaki
Tchenk4li, par exempla) qui lui reprochent une vIralit 4 .'outeUse ea
matibre financibre. Mais sa souplesse, ses flattt:ries,. sa g avondes
Cita cOti de so s adversaires nationaliste4, sa riputatien d uttre un
socialiste tout h. fait mod4r5, int4r6ss4 avant tout auk affairea
financibres, se- relations avec le mon d e p4trolifbre (SOumhatov)
moeifient en sa favour l l attituee hostile voire belliqueusew de
l l opposition nationaliste et de liaiAar ear.late. Le attaques person-
nelles cessent contre 1111 h la veille P e la guerre, at il et k ce
moment 14 le "pont" entre marxiFtes et nationalistes giorgicas.
Sur le plan int4rieur du caucase, c'o't lui qui .
par son attitude toujours trhs souple et canal/Ante arrive avec le
.plus de facilit6'b aplenir -dans lo cadre du front ptomOth6em - •
•los difficu1t5s.qui . oppOsont toujours . chretieas et:musuImans du
caucase, - c t est.surtout k lui cue revient lo m6tite dfavoirsu
attiter au groupe . proM4. th4on les Arm Aniens du groupe Chatissian-
.Djanalian (los seuls • Arm'nlons nui no soient.pas anti-tures).
Ii et 4galement celui qui travailla le p lus d f acharnement . 1 •
.rdaliser en exil la Conf6d4ration caucisionne (d6claration commune
: azerbejdjannicnne, gdorgitnne et eaucase r:u Nord it•peu prbs vers
1928).
. Dens le cadre du front prom4th4en, ii entretient des •
'contacts . trbsamicaux • avec les plus hautes personnalites.Poloaaises.
•du rtigime de Pilsudaki (11 ne faut pas oUhlier que PilsudsW4tait.
un anciea social—ddmocrate). conclut avec les PoloaaisunaCcOrd
.'secret'qui assure le fihancemeat du . gouvernement gOorgien eatexil
(1926); dens le:cadre . du front prom4th6en et.de . la section sp4cia—i.
'lement*inteir6sSle . W cette:question du 2 hie Bureau
•• • • :Avec lei Ukraihiens, il est aneicellented relations
aVec.ceUi' . quI appartieanent . au mouvement'promOth6ta, • clestA:dire::
avec le . gOuvernement en ox!]. la EDU . (Aadni. Livitak1411ateheslav
. Prokopowimet-IlexangreChOulguine) . . :•
• • . • % :. avec-les. Turkesfaniens;
._ ileat•encontatt eyed
*mustapha:bey.Tchokai-Oghly. - • •. . . . •
Lordque le,front promcithi5en,, sous l l iMpuIsion des
..Poloinais'(notament:nodziiierz Bactkowaki, : le Major Chariszkewict)
prof; Homan : Stha18tock“pr4sidentAu : club promt5th4e.de'''
.Varsov14i a l. etend .iretal9 j 3 . ans-Une.directiOn'un pec.tadtaisiste,
..ea . admettant dens dOwseia . dUrle•mtmeplin .-.0e . 1 1 Ukraine,.16 • ' s
•eaucase et le • Turkesten (unit6snetionales'importantes et hien
...connues)-des peuple g . aussi inconnUs que_leS Yakoutesp•les.Kaii;
•les. Tatars de l'Idei Oural etc,Cu6gufachkOrt*Opuie llinitiative
ukrainienne' d t Alexandre Choulguine pour faire un comitd restreint
• .des . peUples plus importaats. C u est . ainsique. flit'cr64,h Paris. en •
1934 le "Comit4 d I AMitid des Peuples du. c aucasexi du TUrkestan.et
do l t Ukraine041 . . .
_ Comit6 'evaitisynchroniser les actions junquo lh
• •soldevees Ukrainiens, des , Caucasiens et • e'es Turkestaniens Sur le
forum international.. Le CoMitd dare: jusqu q. 16.veille e!e la guerre,
U' :3t au non:e cette : institution, qu f htenbVe en 'sePteMbie1934,
A.Choulguine, Gudguitcbkori, pour le ducasepet
• tchokai . Oghly,'poUr le. Turkestan, combattirent 14 candidature .des.
. Soviet's 4. la SIM, ' set insPle2rent. otamtent ltaide du.
Journal de Genbve retentiSsant eiscours contre les Soviets du
eonseiller F6diral GuiSeppel.:otta. ' •
-4-
Lorsqua la guerre •iclate en 1939, Gu6guetchkori d4boree
d t activit4 X Paris, il multiplie sc5 marches au qua i: f Orsay, qutil
assure de l t amiti4 eorgienne. Il compose le manifeste eu gouverna-
ment menu/1671k en ' exil clue signora son pr5sident No Jorri ania (publi4
par la Revue de .Prom4th4e Nr du ler dOcem)re 1939)/ d6c1arant clue
la G4orgie se treuve aux oft t s ? e la France, 4e la Grande Bretagne et
.de la Pologne contre L t Allemagne pour la ,'4fense eu.iroit et le la
ustie. 11 envo.te nn repr A r rntx..nt lermanent tiprXs du . gouvernement •
polonais h Angers (.Joseph Salakaja). Ii pread part aux n4gociations
avec lea Fran7als en vue de crier une . ldgion g4orgienne auprbs
1 1 Art1.4 Francaise. Ii encourage lea.Worgiens 0 engager (ceax-ci
du re.-,te las d v attendre la constitution finitve du bataillon
eorgien s t engagent les tins dans les rangs de l i arm4e francalse, lei
autren dens l t arm4e polonaise; form4e • ea France.
. • -Aprts le olapse fram;eis, :e.uf . ano_ou ;• eux perquisi-
tions op4r4es chez Jut* et chez4es.: .autres .membres du_ gouveraaMent
zel orgien manCh4vik :Par le Ilauptsturalfilhrer Engelhaupt '(c t fr-.t :le.
mtme. qui proc4da h l l arrestatien ,t es. .UkrainienS .ea . France)-, I.
On4guRch1cori.et . sus amis ne'seront ;An inNii6t6s ..grace 21 la.
•protection de aichel Meia, proMu :la Jour an lendemain AU rang de
fahrer. des . Cauoasiens (ii a t y a. quo . le menchevik Saadro 144nagari •
qui pisa. 4 =is It le prison du Cherche-Xidi . en 1940,. et qui lib4r4 .
par Kedia fut envoy par celui-ci, sur la 'eliande de Gu4guftchkori
ea Turquie). . • ••. . ..
.• ..A :1'artir ce ce moment .mench:iyilcs g4orgiensliettents-.
ea taut 'qUe groupe l leur activit4 en. sourdine'.et • font confience.
K5dia. Gu4gu4tchkori . sera'le repr4sentant.:e.U. ?r6siZent Jordenia .
auprta de Michel Kdia.- . . .
• A• la' fin de 1942, la n4cessit4 -de 'Montrer, aux Allele:ads
qut il georgiens . derribre oblige•Mdia ii.eaviiag
er
le.voyage de'.Gudgu4tchiori tt Berlin. ,'Les ropr . sai11es allethandes
contre.les:Juifs . battant.alora.leur p1einGu4gUdtchkort poSe.X,
K4dia. cOmme .condition' do spn vOyege . la garaatie-,cle-::s6curit4 .:ppur . .
les Israelites g4orgienslet . calicasiens : (15.arMt:lesquel's iljy.avait
beadclikp dkaMia et. de clients de Gu6gu4tehlieri),:te qui. est: di i ..
reste ausaitet aCcords..- :- - '; • •'•
- Au d ' but de. 1943 : • Mownt: 01416:bataiile de. Stalin-
'grad' bat son Plein); avant de quitter 'Paris,.. GU4gu4tchkori ,va voir •
les . Ukrainiens: . de Paries :(aassi bien-A.Ciloalgaine,' Autse.cachait
alers des . Allemandi qUe' BOjkiw; yeprtisdataniaris du colonel •
A.Meinyk,:qne Stissiwi.„ chef de o l“kraintathejertraueastelle.de-
Paris -sorte de service Social); et.leUrexpOseX Pen.prbs 'cm ces •
termes le.but:da'son . voyag&ot sa'fiqonalager : Ies 64inements.
(tir6 d'une note re
est laseule:puisaance an monde capdblede:s lOpposer victorieusement.
aux : Soviets, car toutedles autres ari2leSdespuissances ddmocra- .
tiqUes - on. raison du la lib rti de.propagaii*COmmbniste7.e•:
aoultveront automatiquemant plut8t quo da:sebat .tre contreltEtat
ouVrier.sovi :itique. Notre ' int4rbtast par', OOns6queat de soutenir'.
l t Allemagae dansaa lutte actuelle•X l t Estmats'pour que ,
soutien devienne effectifv 11 faUt cue slei Reich : MOdiie sa .po/itique
dons les territoires' occup4s. de: l'Est. Je:vaia: a . Berlin demander 'lm. •
reconnaissance de l t independance de , la .G4Orgie;mdia cette rec6nrials-'
•sauce nlaure. absolumpat aucune , vaieur positive si 'avant . i t Ukraine: 6t
les Pays Daltes no scat pal recohnus comma Etats ind4Pendants.
Pour qul oa'puisse . Croire X . la. parole .al1emande,•11 faut quo le .
Reich accorde 1 l in16pendance d t abord aux pays qu t i/ . occdpe et non
ceux qu'il n i a pas enc,ore atteint et c1oTi la: Wehrmacht vicnt ,!e se'
e5-

retirer. La emadde dc 1 l ind 4 pcnance our le 04orgie et done


suboronirie t l l octroi de l t indipen!ance k 111/kraine."
Gleigte5tchkori out de nombreuses runions k Berlin,
et Xsidia lui arrangea tin voyage en Finlandechez le Veirt.chal
Mannerheim, t7ont ii raeporta unc lettre t Hitler, oh le e.arechal
soutmait la mtmc thbse que colic quo G. avait expose aux Ukrai- -
aims de Paris. Le voyage de Ga4gu A tchkori en Finlande fut entour4
de boaucoup de mystbre (voir k ce ujet la note sp4cialement
cons8cr3e h cc voyage).
Ea rentrant k Paris au ibut de mars 1943, Gteiguetchkorl
donee aux Ukrainiens le compte-rendu suivant ee- Fon voyage
II A Lerlin, je devais rencontrer Ribbentrop et Rosen-
berg, je me les ai vus ni "Pun niel!autre, mais seulement des
comparses. L I Allemagne perdra strement la guerre, il est impossible
de compter our elle. La situation actuelle t Berlin rappelle celle
de :La cour h 1 1 6poque de Raspoutine : tin fou gouverne (ou
plus s exactement ne gel:Verne pas et personae ne le fait h sA elace)
.1e pays, il no suit les conseils de personnes, mais eenlement.ceux.
-de sa divine . intuitioneeL I Allemagne ble- pas s de gouvernemente
• Ill y a jamais ce conseil de cabinet,.les miniztreS eont de miSdrOles
fonetionnaires oui recoivent-des ov I res.du Fahrerhanptquartier,
ordres qu t ils . n f ont me pas le loisir de 'iscuter ou de:confronter
aveC des rapports d l experts.. Le plus grand connaisseur des choses
ruses, mon • vieil et excellent :mile comte de SChullenburg.nla
absoluemnt rien ti eire et il me pent que se d6seSperer: Un hoe
politique Serienx me peut travailler avec le s nezis, seul un agent
PPut le faire. Dans'ces conditions, je vais'esseyer de . me sortir
antibrement de eet cagreaige."
- . Par ailleure.Guegu6tchkori fait le plue .vif . 4loge de.
la Finland° et des Finlandaise Il relate combien s on et eesnimiste
•dams l l entourage de . Mannerheim,•ohl t on cemprend quo la guerre eat
perdue parce • que les Illemands se sent conduits comme dee sativages
•stir lesetetritoires occupel s par enxe
, A partir e . cc moment, les Eencheviks eorgicns se.:
flchargent de toute reeponeabilite, et ils dennent 4 kithel &Mist
un .blanc-seing pour agir ea Alleiaagne., (I1.6Ste Possibleeque tet
blanc-seing.-.Cue Kedia. menace,de.d4voiler -alt ti extorquA sous
menaces par media). . •
• s e . . eGueguetchkori a s profit4 de l i occupetiOnallemende. ems.
France pour partiCipme t toutes-sortes. d l effaires commerciales s et
financibreSavec l!occupant..Ileavait:dez eelatiOnS. suivies.avec.le
Bureau d!etudes'minibressdeStoeckline=CrUe - Lord Byron b Paris-4, .
avait'deaintertts clans nneg eand'nombrede bureauk'diti
ileobtint des facilites speciales pour. tin grand resteurent.ark4nien' .
auquel fles t int6r6seait (situ . .'ans le . 1).061,!airenue.Georges V) •
etc etc.
. . • Aerbs la libleetion France, lee . SoVeteis exercent.
• une trts violontee prezsion sUrla colenie Coreienne . en France.
(menvheviks auzsi bien eue nationalistee), que les Frangais se .
refusentdeerot.5ger en•raisone 2. e:son attitude c011aborationnietes,
• et centre 1. en-eembeeeec laluell e ile oevrenteatme . eee inforMations
jte'dciaires. Les bruits lee elus efferente circulent earmi les e
• .G-iorgiens. On pane d t errestations en eleireParis fe:Vorgiene par
• :ler; polieiers sovi5tieues ee uniformese Cepen'ant Oen autre
c5t4 on colporte la nouvelle :e propositions !7e reconciliation avec .
les Soviets,-qUe formule un attach!: ?nein conseiller geergien de
es Sovicts,'enveyi (sur 'roc- e !:* .fLa ) par
D4ria
-6-

Tous con bruits sont eric. tout b fait incontr8-


lables, et il est difficile de se reconneitre • ans toutes ces
contradictions g;orgienneS. Ce est certain c l eQt ru o la peniom
&est empar ; e: d i tt prbs tns Los . 1.11-ux georgiens.
'Gu4gudtchkori dens cette situation r4agit le premier.
.11 fait valoir son attitue e en faveu. des Isradlites caucosiens.
Le Grand. Rabbin . 10 Paris intervieut pour Ou4gu A tchkori oul
sort blanchi llaccusation ao coll;.boration. gnis malgr4 tout
Gu4gudtchkori West pas tranouille : l l etmosphbre tiorgienne est
aLsolumeut irrspirable h Parisp . car chacun pour stabsoulre
e4noace son voisin. La tache de Qudguetchkori consistera tionch
readre la s4curit4 h . .ses compatriotes.
Encouragd par l l exemle de l l dmir.ration
ruse qui avec
son Pr4sic:out L.Ltaklakoff et le M4tropolite uloge s t est rdconcili6e
avec l'ambassadeur Soviets ii.bogomoloff, Gu4gu4tchkori, h son
tour, pour att4nuer la menace nui pbse sur los si rms„ entame dim
.1a tin tie 1945 des migociations . avec 1 1 Ambassael_e. pp_SovietS h
Paris (les tfimoignages . suivaUts confinteaf Cet-ie.tr.N6wellP
affirmations 'de Rakkaki Tchenk41i, ellwions ec Meia, information
ukralnimns).
La peur , q1 reste pour.un homme •e e la.trempe e e• •
Gu•gu4tchkori n i est pas unotif suffisant de rdconciliation. La
croyance en 1á sVp4riOrit4 4crasaate de Staline sur tons les
autres chefs.d l Etat du donde,' la fiert6 (comparable -h lafiertg des.
Gorses pour Napo)4on) cue le plus . c,rand dictateur e l aujourd t bui soit.
Un G4orgien, la conviction qu t il •iablira l t . or r!re nouveau, la
.position rise par let Soviets pour reprenere aux.Turcs les terri-
tolres Reorgiens de Kars .et A l Ardahin furent'autant'Alarguments.
pour pousser Gu6gu4tChkori.h er5gocier: ..
.. en.aPrbs en novemnre 1946, le journal giorgim . ee
Paris publiait un aPpe1.6manantde . k11.. jordania et Gudgudtchkori
enjoignant . aUx . G49rgien8 'ee1rance.de se prisenter au cOnsulat.
sovietique en vue • d y 4changerleurS pagers d l 4migr4s contre. des
passeportasovi4tiqUes.. • : •
• . intercissant tie nOter la . clause de liaccord
Gu4gudtchkori-BogOmoioff-n l obligeant pá' les Giorgiens eevenns
cltoyeas . sovidtioues h rega0aer
Michel KEDIA
******Ifigit.E-e -

Appartmant t „;.ao famill , bourgeoise, Eichel i0dia e7t


n4 ea Mengraie (province g l orgienae t lacuelle annartibat aus7i
le V.archal B4ria) en f 4vrier 1902.
Vest ,a1 ttre contra,ictions : intelligent,
d.ipra*6, cynioue, rusj 4uquant soudIesse, faux, intellec-
tuel • pou cultivi, 7an1teux au Mit Co tout go cu l on pout iglaginer,
large, hospitalier uais calculateur, joucur plein e self-cont-
rol, ayant LIE.; qualitdr tC chef, notaat 1111 ascen'ent sur -
son entoUrage, Kichel KRia q t un jouisseur, cui en jouissant
trop e la vie, set CO_prO.AS su
Trbs ii.assist° 4 la ..oWc . 'u c.ouvenent national
giorgi:n co: 1,e notialisto-aonchlvik (le graticl parti politiqus h la
moo 4 cette ipoeue - et qu'il devait eu ,uittor toutde suite
aprb .: la : ifaite de la Vorgie).
• Il • iLigre avec tote Sb 4 la puite de l f ulti-
matum sovi6titue h la Gdorgie !:ia.rs . 1921, 4 Constantino ple, Ott
sou pbre e .son . onele . (Constpain, 1c leader-natiOnaliste) ticnnent
un r ,:staurant ite luxe,.cui no tar ,!o Pa•- 4 :etre tie faillite reten-
timute. aA fumille Ki(lia dart lorspour Pi,ris. •
. • Le e4Mre nu.gnat eorgien e p6trole ChOsChtatia
donne verS. 1924 4 : Lichel Mdia uric- 'bourse pour •?tu:icr le rOit en
Memague. frAiquente 1!linivizsit6 . :le HAilelberg, circule am •
Alleaagne, et se fait %es camaraecries.parni la jounesse estudien-
tine.allsn'le. • • .
Ii achbire ensuice scs'te . -In 4 PfIrls, sans plus avoir de
bourse. Ii connEit la r..istre,a t obligation do gagner-sa vie en •
Pratiouant tous lcs-rZtiers. U.est succesUven2nt d4baideur, Fort
des halles, porteUr ans une gare :,arielennevtravaille daneun
musit-hall (les • eaucaSieas '.e .. toutcs • natioadlit4s. ont •u pedant
• Iongera?s Paris une ,orte e -.Onopole -.!.ans le travail dans lee
boit:s :enUit.jtles fr-lCumte'14..jeunesse
naliste Oorgionne de • PLris,1 avec eIlc 1l'vachalauter-lesT4unions
mench6VikS Obrglens,li aime b. eaUcOup le§ baggares.
• . Il.slinttirbsse i. la . fubrication.u . vgboukti • Vers
1930 il cra uao?Otite erie:eprise,.sebrouille trbs 'rite, et •
devient trbi aisd• par'sespropres moyenS.:
• • .Son succbs i surle plan de la vie rzateirielle, lui donne
ber:.uccup d f assurance.I1 est fierd I ttre unHsc1f7diade.man. D4vor4
il g veut • jeuer ua role 'e.pr;Lier • plan an la vie
politique e.orgien.Le. .
. 'Son oracle Constantin . K4diai-le leadernationaliste,
l'attache comme un 'es repriientmmts des mationallites 4idprbs'du -
groupe "Cp.ucase n . r,e SaiLlar ta.zsate. A: .peine en prieace de ce der-
flier, K4dia cst 21cin de jeaousie,11 voudrait sUpplaater Dammate •
4 la Axction thi grouPe..Yaisil.aanque cl Is tbffe, s l il a fait des
• •tudes, ili..anque de culture, . 1.4 ,.:ucatiori p olitique (4 te point de
vue 14 il ' sera toujOurs trbs priUtif prenant des'slogans . de • * •
• ..propagande pour des id,ies) 4 -:!expdricace, et son .adversaire -persoa-
mel,.son rival. est ua . hoare de• grand forriat l • ua 'maitre pellar lea
ra..thw.es politiques . ori ,:atales. • •
•• De 1934 1939, lUttera sourdoisement
contre Bamaate, tout on ?Last 4 l'ext .,:rieur ua de ses plus'fidbles
partisans etamiS. 11 se fait , :6s. rolations . avecles Allemands.wm

n 1-F-------
'-':'711r)r_
.I •
..) L
-2-

on dehors du rroupe It Caucase n • Par ailleure, comme pour reuseir


en politique caucasianne, 11 faut avoir un soutien dans la coullsse
ptitrolifbre„ Michel Kddia se lie avec Grdgoire Beridzd, le liqui-
dateur de Choschtaria ( l t ancien ptron et bienfaiteur do K5dia), le
banquier 5 fois failli, un des plus habiles gangster financier de la
place de Loeres.
Ce qui frappe dims les relations allmaneee Ktidia
- ausai bien sans cette pirio e d t Arant-guerre cue du reste plus
tard ctest qu t il ne sera jsmais question ' l e liens avec ses
anciens condisciples do SPidelberg. V d ia p4attro an les milieux
des service renseignements et l e s 4 curW flu Reich.
A la veille mtme 4 e In guerre idia va t Berlin. Mae
des chose s eu t il y it cen-i-te h com'PettrP l l influenco trop
grande eue co-mence t er e ll re the netit groune nazi g4orgien, insi- -
gnifiant Pu point !e v119 num A ri p ue, mais Pui a • t e pe ui de la Gestapo.
LPs n5tho d e3 ru i n employe Pe ur c e-1, ettr e e r.iR nczis il:orgiens nous
sant inconnues - t)utefois co roil est eerLain c t elt . 11 1 1.1 parvint
h limiter leur influence. A son voyage eo retour vers Paris, 11'
s l ac. rtte h Lausanne et y a une violente alt 4 rcetion avec Bammate
(voir la note consncr4e ce clernicr).
La guerre 4 c1ate. K5 d ia se tient t2im - u1110 h Paris,
oh il fabri rlue -on yoghourt. Ii n t eet pas intuiti par la police
trancaise (a/ors -ur, l apatriles ^ui avaiant efrectuar
depuis un an r' voyages en All r.nzane I to'cnt soumis t des inter-
rogatoires trZee serris et souvent internis par le o autoritds
• franceises). Ilsenbie n t avoir fnit non plus aucuue offre W la
France.
En .uin 1940, tout e suite aprbs l t rrriv5e dep
Allemands t Paris, Eichel K4dia est inventi dee functions de
fiihrer de 1 1 4nigration eorgienne (et bient5t aprs caucasienne).
Le Hauptstrurmtibrer SS Engelhaupt, rui lui apporte cette nouvelle
reste ea liaison constsnte avec lui.
lei commence la eran ,3e aventure de K A dia avec les
Allemande. Toutes lee reletione des Caucesiens ' avec les Allemands
•seront p1ac6es sous la flrme de Vdia. Come ce serait amoindrir
l t importance et l t intirtt -?e cctte histoire, nos traiterons de
l l act1Vit6 K4dia dons le crere des rapports germano-caucasiens
dans une 4tude spiciale consacHe t co sujet.
Relevons sielpl , m e nt lei rue34ues impressions
subjective: ur l t activite 'e juin 1940 t avr11

Tout 4t abord Vela a fait nrPuve C l une hebiletel tout


h fait Pxtraordinaire en ayant trbs bin compris la complexit6
des intrigues interieures allemanres, et en alert su rds^r sur tous
les tableaux sane lndis p oser nentre lui aucun groupe rival. Ainsi
O t eprZ:s renseignee,ents ukrait.i;:ns non encore entibrement
dipoui1l4s et contr816s, il o particip5 t la conspiretion de
l t Amiral Canaris, et il avEit pertie 114e avec ceux oui ont
r6prim 4 cette conspiration (clor. 'Lv . par ex2f11:le
loacr gcrmanophilo ukrai ien lo cnlonel Y'1n1, teaucoup
noins clue lui, s I c-t )ren re 'ans 1 1,mgrenage de
Vaffaire Canaris ^t a fait .-u . 1-ue- moi can; e concentration).
De mtme il a i 1_ ,u ,-,ertage nationalitaire
Oe VORSS, il a pris cortact ev:c Vlas:off (politizuc -" t une Ruseie
f 4 e c rative .rais hnifiie sas u n;tIonal-socialime russe),
r_ux n c gocition ,- -ur le -r r leiSst •-nnkit
Stockholm pour. unc, 1;rcritw-l1e rfconcillation avec le e; Foviets
(v ,)ir note sur voyace e (;u:2;u5tchl:ori).
• 0.

set rev4V comae un org:allsateur tout


premier or r're. II a su s t imposer toute l t ancienne .mizration
gdorgit.Inne, ratter len valiit.:; d t ind6pow7ance desiver groupes,
ii a'su concilier chnitiens et musulmans du Caucase, il a su orga-
niser la nouvelle ,;migration g 4 orgienne (prisonniers guerre de
• an -service f'e son
1!Armie rouge). Ii a su nottre tlut ce 1::orte/e
organisation.
Per•contee ::.141e1 "Aia a t e-t . r o v , 1:: co=e un trbs
pibtre howe politique dans la large conception le ce termo. Ii no
voyait. pour le Ocucase quo 't7ux conceptions viritables lc eaucase
snvi4tic:ue ou le C ,Jucase all erid. Cette fa-zon le voir lc chosen
.Ont. inOispos4 contre lul nombreux •5.11ments des autres peup1es
opprim4s : Baltes, Polonais, Ukrainiens.
La .r:Ifeite e 1 1 A1lagne fut ur . lui un Ichcc
personnel. on groupe offriti. Le gros "es Corgis qui
iitait en Allemagne, 0e:A 1E19-.4 -stir' son .rdropre co-i1 u reste-
rapatrier.:Ses filtde y liel:tenaats Tzomaja, Alahibaja, Prince
restde en Allmagne font une . politi(70e autonome...
Il.e peru*presue c•:Itact avc:c son sroupe en •
Tspagne
Tur'uie. 11 n t y ac!u l n h pobrle encore Ur. petit
group° form$ ' I Luis allement ot • g 4 orgiens, •
Nn venant en . 3u.i”e en s-vril 1945, TO . !ia i5tait encore
plein e vitai1t, 11 avait -5nOrmImoat C t argent'(eu t il e.1-en4a
reste . trbs : rapidement), 11 avait granie pro:ets notamment
celui repren:re 1nme rMe avait en Allmagne aUprbs
des Aulricalns Aaglais (ii racontait mwti evait
rendu des servieen notoires aux uns et a= aUtres) . .. L:ais tout .cela'
ne se r .5alisa 'as. Il se 1ain7e'vite . abattre et d4mor4iser.
.Ii sebLe s l ttre retiri de la : politique active. Ii a
an au . cours de l t hiver 1945-1946 plusleurs rencontree ,Berne .et
GenWe avec un diplomate•sovi6tique'.0orgien ( c t est . lui-intme qui'
Aradont6 cela),.aved sont'entretenus.de
1eur Mengr,ilie n a ' tale. .Sa femme, avecsleguelie 11 est .suparijte_is
entretient toujours ees relations trs cOri41es, est)levenueA :.- -

Paris la mattresse d t un l i7210mate sorlitique.(information


qu4e de Paris par les Ukraiuiens, confirmie Par.Chitichidli)AUiT.
istme raconte . que c r oSt par . sa femme qutil"parv'entIt'snuverises:
• . compatriotcs en'France.. Par contra il . accuee:le goUvernement .
• mench5vik eorgien on r!xil c!e-s f ttre ralhi aux Soviets. Tout cola
• est plein $3 . contradiction. Ii entretient ge1ement en Suisse des
• relations avec les Atiemands, notinent,avec.ia fethme. de:Engelhaupt,
qui . s4journo :1 Berne.. Ii projette Laintenant l t occuper tn poste
• tr??s important .=.ans la firma do!L.Selmane*icz. • • •
• • • Ii vit en nuisSe • sous le r g gime o la rsi,.knce
• force Gonbve. •
4ra-
. Les eroupoe .elitiqucet ee 1 1 4e1gration eorgienne.-
FY
*************Oee**4eeee
TraditionnelLeeent on 5e tr;ee en er l sence e ";eux
gran's groupea ee1iti4ues e.jorgiens
1. Le ereupe soCial-doeratieue Couvernement ea .
exil A u Pr.:: sleat no6 Jorciania (Paris).
2. Le groupc nationalinte (oseosition au gouvernenent) •
lent principeux lee'ern ';.rre'itionncln seat : Constantin 1di.
("I crie), C!n;ral Kvinitide.Aeulischvili et Amiredshibi (groupe
Caucase de 4.idtider er_ate). /Un suit tt2e ce grlupe a .1t;
;w ant guerre par K4ria le nevemm ;!e ennstantin I. • . . .
A e6t6 do cee eux granes groeees, y a des monar.-
chistes (les eartisans l u Prince Irakli Baeretion at , 1' partisans
? t une' 51reetue11e . ynestie t;traneae) et :es indivi ,luelit', 5•eu mon4e
des e:raires (Prince 3-oumbatowo Prince eatchiabeli, Tehereojew,
Gulbeklam. Choschtaria etc), eui tie se r.e eal•nt combinai-
soa, zeds soet enclins lefenoetenir toutes.
-,Whietoire 'e 1 1 6migretion g,iorgleane epeis la chute'
e l t.inei:pf!ndaece on 1921 towns? autour. : e cps ernmee princi-
eaux et os tribuiations ilenGrceistes et *os lelv1dua11t4s
iont r.us venons . faire eention. .
• La line gdmirale-deccua exe greeees est •
fausseis enenleleue orte per le€e7. peesenne11t4s qui len composemt,
et r ent le r81e souvent ie,portant et ea ere:Itige •ont ellen jouissent
donne au problbme de 1 1 4eleretion geiorgienne une ceeelexitd cue de
prime. aborA, elle no • ,esA'e vas. (Dens cc scan unc --,or ,Jannalit4
m ' a delV 'e
co:: eugne GU,:guitchkori, uinistre ees AtTairee.
Etrangtreseiu GoUverneeent Jor'ania trbs earact:iristique).
• e La'richtese fabuIeuse ee la-G.5oreie et tout le
eeecasee . leneonvoitisee eu t elle faite naltee, le fait: quo de
nombreuetiorgitna 4nigres aient ap; . artenu au moiv!e de la finance
Internationale et opt souicnt . rusei b s t y' eaietenir; famt.eue.Itom
retreuve des nOes. ,:e Ceiorgiems :fans la eupart . c grarOes intrigues
financibres zion:Ilalcs et la pelitieUe Puisances dams le •.'•••
Proche et 1Zoyen • Uti izat... •• . •. .
. • quelle eet l t origine hIstericUe grcues :;rorgiens?.
ze•t leor eutrerepeuples caucasiems.?'
• - • .-. Quelle est lcur,./..t .:aChe avee . la.eintrigues mondialese
caradtre-finencier, politique eu 'e lutte pour la •orsessicn.des
metibres prersibreS . ? e
. e'Que/le tat 1 t h/stein:* ':t1 1 1 5eigrelion eorgienne ?
Et en. fin quo]. eSt. Son :Stat . actuel.?
• • •Teller 5:6t lez euest1.6ns vue noels neus ekoeosons Ad
triter .dans Le eristate 6tude • •

41

Historieue La 8Ra.gie 2.1Us I t eeeire F Tzars. ma provinCe . •


non-russe . iarticelibrement favorise. Payn zagnifique, client dour,
gens hospitallers, la Worgie pielsentat weettrait Certaies pour .tee
les /ius ., es. Len fonctiennaires lepr1aUx se creient synath.tes -
• et '6 relations, lee rciVolutioeneireF oC1.11tc chr3rehaient aussi
des aenuis dans cet'a coetrie.

r " ri °SU.
Avant 1914 - i 1 l in . Livi . ua11t6 eorgienne Joynteit
toujeurs forta:.ent :arqu4e -ar il
n'y avait eepsnant aucun nouvment national agne 'e ce . nom, yUi
voulaitI l inA iptmunce e la 0iorgie. • .
Aupels du vice-roi du Caucase (gournrneur-gentiral)
Tiflis, il y avait wIefoule 'e eaucasiens, qul servaient . fidLle-
meat l t napire. line den :.:eil*ou- /a Sarde InpOriale
ruse ‘taitle o division suvag0,-en majeu.re partic crx.posc; c ae
C6orgien5. Ltis princes Oorgiens et les.grands =ghats de is ..
finance diivelopraieut lours fortunes, t'l l abri des lots ir.periales.
Len partisans s V465 nouvelles (ii Slagiscait •
cette A pocue :!v d4nocratie et re social:1 ,ft) Ataient'plus librea
d l agir nue wtout dans l l Empire. Le parti social-democrate
s i 4talt •!,.ivelopp4 en G:iergie e f une faqo4 cousidfirable, et lett.
persOnnages cu l on y rencontrait s t z.l nialent :. Joseph Djougachvili
(Staline), Berle, Noe Jorania, Noe Bamichvili, M.tsereteli, .
.Eughne Outiguetcbkori, Akaki Tchenkdli,'Tcheidze, Qhavichvill etc.
.U6s secialiStesAm-:livisaient -! d4jh await la scislion officielle en
.mench4viks et bolchtiviks- en mod4rAs et on ultras. Si ceP derniers . .
(Staline, NEUMITWIIMUMIliTinallOTTZMWENSTIMNIMMURVAtin
prenaient part 1 •1•s EctPI t .r.rroristes'et intainewir 4taient deco
fait recherch!L n cetuzia cri1.7.inels par la police 'tzarists (on se
.!touvient Oe l l attentat con:'e la banque i f Etat fifLi h laquelle •
furent otitis Staline et isitwineft-etc), modstrs par centre .-
prot4i0Sper . l tv intel1.iguentzia t. ruse et:jouissult de la ta14rance
bienveillante 7ouvoirs recrutbrent ;:e . adtOreats de .
,aus . cn . plus nombraux. A la Pou Impiriale (apes la r.6volution
ruse .e1905), la Georgie talt repri-i genVe.par ses leaders . _ .
seciatxxdimecrates : Tsr ,51i,.Gu4gucitchkori„• Tchenkat et Tchiid0.
: IJ es sociauxmocrate:i g . iorv.(,ns suivaint .• e.prta ].e5 chefs

.crates russa cil (tierenaki t. kilieukeff; gakla)eff), mottaMen avant •


P:44raliame, mals. ne . soufflaient met de liindJipendance.
• ' : II faut encore ajeuter . -nourbi qn,Crealre le •
c1tive16:1 , weat mu'- La facilit4.4e.latie:au-.CauCase.
rendait hozme5euelins bicnveill.ance,:et:lealir.erstares.:::: •
politimUes nlus'acharn-:s ct
en. ttffalie ou 'an. “a.Arie 2riv§e-d6s:se2vi6asultiples...h1ri ssitr-leis -
dt5put6s seclalistes hla Douna dessoutenir les.
projets . des'grands capitalistes eorgiens, ... • • •
,

••
• En 2014, la guarre ne . provoque.aucnn : Chingement
a Can :. • .
1 1.6qUilibre.int6rieur de is 64orgie, • a.ish
dallusle, en Allem=e, se cr4e le pre=ior'graupe:nonr'l l_ind4ne&. •
dance 'de laG4orgie, croupe cowititu4 pai. les Officiers Oorgiens.
fait:4 prisonniers h is bataille::•1r.4 Tannenberg. 11' n'y'avait Cans %Ce
groupe aucUne personilit4 =ais sea 1::1.;:i.OrtanCe . e. 4t6' •

accrue' fait. e la-coace-Aio.dull=ande e. is Gorgie"iibro8,


pierre niattrasse de 1 , :ichi.uier. .Cacan arricil4 eUx . Russss at
1ai!5'znt aussi piece h la WWWWMTuriluie,.elors a1iie'de 14.11emagne.: ' •.

L l inttirtt manife:zti .)our cettu!conception de is *ilhelmitraSse


p4troliAre alLexanlis (noar=ent frtres.Nobel).-
• permettait Oeny lsager pour'de gr p upe un fort soUtien:Mancier.':..1
. •• Lh 1917, lorS;u t h Petrograd iclate'la:rivolution'rue-Pe,:.:-
un cilefs 'sociLd-&imacrste ,ziorgied,Ts,Sr ; teli . entre..'arts le , •

•ouv(Jrni:ment prevlsoire 'de la i:publ!.. p ue Ru.,.:51.e. • •


.• ..;7arviat au en.u.:-ases'
•1c:ui:Thz'ent
cao,:Lsieas . l i administration :f u"viee-roi et lc
.0,n la htircaucrttle rus96 sUr toute u CauCuse. Tout'
le pouvoir rut rsmis Wax cons qdls . rlivolution'llaires et.h.leurs.Qamitif
ex4cutifs 4 oltire5s geuverner le euys. roue ‘/Juoasiens
ayent it unis slu g la 'ominetion reesse :2 ens lc ca re eministratif
de la vice-royaut4 Ou Caucese, cette phase 'Ye rfteil na-
tional et rc;volutionneire cst traascaucasion ( c l e5t 1 'ire grindral
h tout,le Caucase et non giorgien, azobeVjanien, are:nien, caucase
CIA earl etc). Lee Consells r4vo1utionnairee transcauca , iens consti-
tubrent lour organe central, ent lc sibge rut fix h Tiflis et rlont
pr4s1'ent fut Uo4 Jore.ania, part' neeini-d6moerate de
(Margie. Depuis ce moment la s3cia1e-16mocrat1e A lrigera les leetins
de la Vorgie et e la elupert .!es autres etets •Caucesiens.
L t histoire :a r1volution au caucaso ent aseee embrouil
Vet et il n t entre es . 'ene nee 4.11!1 'e I t ex•eser en "'tail.
• Peteogead noe_e pour re.elacer Ite'zle.letration
vice-rei un "Coeite Sp . csl e Trenecaucasie", coos ; (le 5 membras
(2 eorgien q A.Tchenk111 et X.Anaebidze, uoIret;ulen, tin Azerbejlja-
neem et ix: russe le pretid_at) et eyeat iC7 er s regatiee . .-futt
•gouvernce.ent. .
Le 11 never:bre 1917, ur l l iuitietive 'en conseils
•rdvolutionnaires eran'scauces1 ns, le "Ceeit.i Ie:cial n fut ''issous et
• rem-lae'Spar . ua aluvel ors!ane le Co=issariat 's Transcnucasie,
•pr4sid par E.Gu4guitchkori. Lc ceeeisa,riat renr I seete la gouverne-
ment ligal eays, autonoze ee eelui Ntrograd. gale ii n f est pas
encore qu.stion d l ind5penance, ni e . sparution evec la "Grande
R4pub1ieue Dimeoratique husse o , oh ce-en aat •la rvolution boich4-
vique eceeence t fcir- rage.
• Le CaAcase participe en .''.1ce.elre 1917 k 1141ection
I t Asseab14e Constituante e Ruszie. celle-ci .lissoute brutalement
Petrozrad le 5 . janvier 1918, n i tut co f fin jour zi 'existence 14ge1e.
Comae euite t sa lissolution per ;les Belchiviks„ le noebre des
• dciput4s - ee cette. asseeb14e, G;orgiens, Ara.;nicns et Lzert.ej'ljaniens,
• fut trip16 . et co=plitS par lee can-ii'ats'qff5rentcs listes des
pertis, ea proeortion Jes velx obteneee . ear eux aux Alections.
L I Assenbli'e l censtitue ie cette slattribua les fonctions
itigislatIve et ainsi • naquit la -ibte A e 7renscaucasie, pr4sidtie par
.N.Tchlidze: .
Au trait" 'e Bre-t-Litovsk, la . Ressie ayeat c-_c eeC t la
• Turquie lee erovinces Batoum, e Kars et (Par 'aban, les trans-
' cahcasiens engagtrent avec les Tures ice migociations ?ireCtese'
• qui : convencbrent Tradzonde 1o12 ears 1918. (eileigation tureue :
• ministre 'e la marine Reuf-I•ey, Transcaucasie
• ministre :?es Affelr e e ; trengbros A.Tchenk.51i).
• L l titatees . n4gociations avec lee Turci, la .eenace
sovi5ti4uen eui - peenit . !,:ur•tj akeu obligee . ta -1.`ete Trenecducesie
t proclemer l l ine-%Kn'ance coe lbte le 22 &veil 1918, avec un
•geuvernement eer6s1d ..i per A.Tchenkfill.
C f est h ce eoacnt pea prs eue rcatrasen Ce;orgie le
group° d'officiers partlean 'e 1 t in 4e5pen ance nationale -' 4e. la .
0orgie. Il . donna um soutien in'ortent aux secla/istes eorgiens et
les saccuragca h suivre unc :eelitieue ineen'ante. ratele temps,
•el apeortait t la G6orgie et t tout le Cauceee le soutien ee
l'Allemagne.
, Ainsi h la f', euxime conf6rence 'e eaix turco-caucasienue
• ,01 11 mai 1918, l'Allemagne soutint lee Caucesiens eontre les pr A
e, es sen el11 ; e ':urque (Oin .5ral von Loseov). -teniosxagdr
• Los eifficuWs internee 'e lc Treeecaucasie eeelnrout
alors trbs eran .4 es riu ?tit e l f occupation eovieltieue ''e • Bakou et -1.1
refus le- Arm A nlms neccurir la ce e !tele ezereeiejeni enneo la
EST I hilhi!
nibto ee Transeaucesie se •5c1ara o itl souto i.e 26 mai 1918.
Le mtme Jour, cut lieu la r6union du Conseil Nationel
ee G4orgie, elopta l'unanimiti l'Acte d f in ,.. p en'ance r!c la
Giorgie, prsont4 par on -.r;si'7ent, Noe Jorania.
Lo re lcr fut :e..-1.!.!!5 par No•; aamiehviliy
nal 9 blent8t ce fut to Jorania rui fut appel4 h la tbte du gouver-
nment de coalition, coos3 touter-As en majeure partie de socialisti
La r.enace tureue s t 'tant ericil•Oe contre len parties
mq ridionales 'e la G .: orgie, le g q uvereoent R 4 orgien fit inpel aux
Allemands, .'oat traupes sijournkrent juin h Vcombre 1918 en
Woccupation alleuen'e laissa un souvenir excellen t
en Vorgle.
Aprs le fin . e la pm.ibre guer,.e ce furan$
tropen angleisen qui ree..-Lacbrect .Les Allaman0a.
ApA. s 3 ans Onttipeo ance, la Vorgie sociale--,:mocrate
fut attaee:e en 1921 par les Soviets. Lc gouverw.cent f l exile avec
tous les Ilouvoirs publics, talssant cur le sol cpiorgien l i arme qui
combettit sous le comna6(!ement !u ( •,n ; ral Nvinitadz4.
(e fut l l origine :le l paration !es 04orgitmus en r,elix
groves.: 1 tins . artisans r go.;vernement 1401 en cmil,
pr:sid4 par No- Jor:ania, recOnnu par :)resnuo tootes if12 .puissances
eu1'npion1e4, slut i nu par la II bmo Intornationelep . et les sutras,
los natiOnalistes, reproahant au gouvernement e l avoir abandonn4 i.e
territoire national at l l ara4e, lui reprochant (!e n t avoir ;an cberch6
h s l entendre avec ie Tures.

II. Lien avec Les autr q s peuples csucasi-ns,- One chose q lt assez
curieuse k cqnlater, ce s qnt Les G : orgiens sociaux-di;mocrates qui . •

d4rendent avec i.e ;;Ius . Oachar .::mnat territoriale de


la G4orgie, tan is quo ca sont les nationalistes, q ui pour re r16- .
bar sr lus ra 1 .7 ement ven Soviets, proposent : 'es concessions aux
entre3 . su1!zans) et & rea
-!u caucaso (nctamment aux -1 u
puisaancea ,.;trneeres. . •..
V toute la 'i, %r 4 e 114miqration on verra los •
chers nu gouvernments m eil iscuter HY00 ics. autres Caucasians
d l un statat , !e conf4d4ration, tar-is f.!ue les leaders nationalistes
pencheront vers la formule d o me transcaucasie f6d4retive 2u memo .

.Les. 7ns1ssancus itrane .reicui s t int4reisbreut urant


cette p4riocle au iJaucese penchbrent tant8t pour l'une au lfautre
formule. Les Polonais de Pilsu'ski, .ans le Cadre 'Cu front prom4th1eni
.soutinrent los G6orgiens sociaux-dAmoerates et les autres peuples
du Caucase sur la base e la conrdiration: Los Tures h4sithrent
'entre los eeux.formules, :!onnant toutefois la pr,:;f6rence h la -
formule 1unit4. Les Allem n's at les Seponais ne sfint4rbsAren
qu'll la secowle fomule, corcbatzant u remte len -..lartinans de
Jorlania.

111.40:the -hes g4orgiennes aveC 1e ibtriguis =11...i'alas-.- Si la • .


plupast dUp r 5trOle caucasiai se ..:rave en :chorn.o.e . :la Gjorgie
AzerbWlan (Lakou),.c l est la G6orgie qui oait le port .(Batoum
par 1eue1 . ce pitrole:'tat (wort, c l 4tait as . Ca .Atalo (Tiflis).
:q,u1 grans centres finencier • u
- Certains noas . g-lorgieas ztu : '. 1 11abats ... ?.e Tiflis •
sont . Cabbre::. sus 1 ,o ;archi ,.ce sont Gulbekiat„.
Tchormolev, Choschtaria Or:Are 17aridze,
qui a cu Chozchtaria, ot , le . Prince .
.Sounbatov, 1 .1 asf:ocie ‘,arcus a,.ael %:irlo , la Shell). Lord Detea° rang, .
-5-

'ont la renc.e titune caucasienne, soutiL4 h reprises


r,rouper politiquer g l orcions 6t caucani . nr glnrel, finanga
l f insurrection g ; orgienne oe 1 0 U Prince Tcholokuchvili,
h % ros national F:orcien), renfloua • en financiers eorgiens et ens
uncials propri k uirt, ie -uits '6 13- tr^10. O n retrouv( nncoup de
noLs eorzien °Lo.s lo 'uol o .q a en tI o!) •CM no Rockfcller b
: l etortling. Le. .uisnant r'tr.qteir aln. an frk. es Nobel,
seutint en accord avec 'titer ing 4 e • G'orgiens en 1.1,e...n5ne.
Yrance, lc . ilit, ux fin%nciors ot
e.ltretinrant I. ^ rel,-tionv G.t.orsi,n3 •( t,u/
la ;rnup;. s (Gu 4 gu'Ach)or1 et so n 0 Is nt"caux-socialiiteq),
tentionrons . ncore lrn faLilles Leiveni et :httohi:a./--Ii
ont 'ifray! la 0.1ronlcut.
omui to- G:orgiens
avalcat 'e .'e chx 1 :/[13 . !- "o
ca. -. -rince ; %....tov a is Lir-vv.! ses
:otz.ct. avc.c
Guiguitchliari a fait nfl4p chone au; .rbs n.ttu
rrtuIvas, tin Polornc I.T1ze et Fiu. l jlAtchvili nt :AvAill 4 rivtic le
‘ :olonais, en Ali.c%-%.;n0 (evaut. 1;-,•rotes • Achsilteli
ct le G .'n .: ral 1%ro entrEtend . nt 'et 'ens troitc 3VGC Ifs Sr.

IVi Eistoire 'e gorgi mi.- Fntre Ics cur gurrres,


C3 rut certal c:7.ent i.e lirupu gouverneoent en eril e Jordania
eul joua le kalc public oarcintiele
Le gouverac,...ent en exil s f insi11a t Paris, ot
;usqu f an . 1935 le !avistre. (e C:orgie Ak Tchenk51i rut ofri-
ciellemsnt LccrilW . auprts 'u couvernezzont franpais. Jorania
• ; tait prisiecnt du gouverw .ment, M. Ougu P. tchkori, einistro ies
kff&ires Arangbres, No5 Raaichvili (ansacsinS en 1930) await .A4
•ntnist:e lfintiriour, Jos : -ph nulakaja 4 tait • C7 faces.
gouvernexent avr.lt 'Sgelc_:nt u: •7.1 l'arsovie. Ls Pologne
coutenait l f activW 'u go .uverncent n eiI. 'u point e vue
nat4r1c1. Le aouverna=ent Lvait Oori(..Ang
pour la EcciAt i c's , Nations, et Khariton Chavichvili de
• 0ceve cui reprs.ntait la 0,41 .igations g4orgienne k 0cnkve. •

rutio ll te n f evi,it d. as ft. perconntlit4e


r'se 2re. ierv L'us 'eux - chefs 'talent Constantin et le
• CrOral KvInitaazi. Lc sage le l t ositiore "t6it Poris, one ee
cu ,lus "or Ber/in, ro-.e et Toki0. rl nly
avalt r.41%an cc' clan 'octrIne l ie' tte, c:-n!.re 11 y
j o u. e?ne t ...Tba r nte, lont7t .: pn eon'eite Vdia.
Profitant 'e z‘rence c.tto opposition nat1onp11ate,
14.Esleiar Eammate, ton eorgitn, ."u Coo,
attire h lui cc roupe, ct fonda t Pr,ris v ..lrat 3,930 la cue
-

• "Caucasen ui vint le 'e tout le grouoe. L.ate sforients


:!114bs.-1.! ;u1.c cut- la Tar . uie et fi!..lcocnt *
1 1 Al1emagne..11 a-ait4norm%....ent O f arvent et entrett:nait sur 1.pn :ded
trZ. s large :!!'3 trAlab s ratet:rs. Pric s -ar lesFranc!nis vors 1937 ee
•Quitter Paris, il s f installa ch vra 11.! la ::"uis . e et lfialrnaene
-

et intim -trat av-c e TIl 7'2.-ac iah. A.,-..rbr. l irnature


racte germano-sovi4tirue ,3e 1939, il 'ut 't ; finitivcent runprgr're
1P1t1on sc revue Ca,levle et SP re'211a.. .ur la Zuis:. e, •

LorsQu f en 1940, l f all ...m.gne t:.prhs• l l oceupAtisn la


Prance tte r l ective lc probltme caucasion, cc n f c:.;t 7lus
qu f ellc rit cp-)t.1 mai! h td.chcl. Go=mo 1 iorric3nnc.
orrIcnne
-t i -'ant 'a uurrre fers l l obj . t Vur.e ttc . p'ciele, a . ls pae.ons
aujourd f hui cete• I tioul 1..3
VA! LEC . -

k•Pr?
U.
dtp.uttum mmmmm 1955 - 1 ..) 45 memus.zwungswirs.
awmaxerusts

us Oeatrs de ze trouvait N Paris


desuls l'000t4ation du paia .r lc . eovieta, en 1321. :got/anent
se trouvaient a Furls nor. ut•u1 masue des dci t res, maim
LUS41 les reprdaentationa uus diffdrents partis polf.tiquem
gdorgiens at •l ommaien gouvernement du pr4aidont Jordania.
Touts l'uttsation d-s partla politician gdorgiens et de
Jordania lui-m g me 6tait 1.oujoure °once:I:x . ( 0 aur . la mort du
pays oouffrant sou p is terreur de l'occupatioa.
:.'41.co1utiou de la situation internutionals a fait diatom .. .
raitre pea A pen dn l i arkne des discuasiou international lm
quemtion gdOrienno qui, duraut les dix premihree anuiem,jouia-
Omit eaprbe de l'opimion moudialc d'uae grande sympathis.
l'deigrhtien giorgiemne d3p4rait tou:ours voir se
rdtablir eon indendance et 4. on. qua durant l l anade 19399
lu *or:elusion du pt-cto tersuno-aevidtique du 23 aoa sto le
liqt res
moasnt Je la 14a1ieation de sea aspiratione 6tait proobe.
aukeitót si.rZ:e la gcterre est deolarde par les
^ 1116a l'xilesagne-et 1'&11.6rutior. 66criienne se ranee auz
cat& des Le.Gtuvethement c;k"ore;ien public une resolution
crtLeirlln d.,.aa la jo:,rni,..1 de 1,...d.;e frurtgaiee, le "Courriar
dor t i.t." c. tre "la iWeele ut-U,J.Aane et l'AlleaagaCbledriease
Vdtuit une (Idclaration de tunire.
out 1z jamnease g&ort ivnne s'engu6e dans l'arado tram- . .
galas' pour ullor ra3cincro. 1'Lrm6e du gdaCrul aessaed, en 4xxle.
Telle,4tait lh pceitica l'41grution 6dorgipane
de is gusrre. •
Iospirdh p.r catte r:L! ..i.ca et 94r la aclidaritd envo y s leS
:.11i4s, le prtieldent Jordtl . A.L 1.72C Zt.:: ,:-.%.vz:rac:ieftt at las- prin..
• ci:aux chafe dee purtis, la salte.da.Couvernement
fran;ais. Uat ' s, en c.;urs ..10 route, tout, Jtaieut rattrapde par lee
tv.mpea ulltmandes et obligda N rentrer Paris. .
'i.e reprinctz,nt Ju 6cuverneSent Aordemia aupree du averao._.
ament pulonals 4tn11 ii iingeree i.e,g404440412gosia- se - sulaittry
,icpr t in ibne par 1- ..4satti dee d6mnai.,
daus cette hituutiou ii fal1ait0anniina Oefforeer de
trouvez le no/eJ de dea'endre notre 4tratioa oontra . lee foudram
de is Geetai,o.
' On pout aieftent comprendre ocablesi, is Mitmstion dm Gq4117=-
nemont Oargien DT tromvait oompromivraiprbe
que °ea derniere ooCaOrentlat itronoa.‘
tag.
1,0 sort 4 voulu quo, durat oinq,auudelo constiCMilves # cetta .
t!:ohle ardue i.coibe, deiui$Auillet--194Z4 h Hichel gselm9
W.:pa /
V. g tat actuel 115 1.7cutio:: giorgieanc.- Lu3 Corgians
,un aat oresquieze:.u-iv-cnt lu Qarte
al/emende ont ;t ! coatrr.L.tn 'e .Juis la ibAcle 'u Reich revnnir
sur ;.ositions le re .11.
tin no:1:1*•re aez c s nIiil'rable 'a Vorgims, 54euits
pat la gloire 'e Stallne ( :,oar Stalinc a toujours
. : t4 le point fnible 'c le- G : or0Ans), 'isireui nus-d r!or se
faire ftz-l onner leur attitu collatoratioiste, ne sent ra-proch4s
•les Soviets. Trs peu felt kr ;)flt, : . ublic (lc jurns1
e4orgien Pgrim), la • q upart Vont fp.it -ar act's
fait ^011 nut ,re tr`45 ::ru'eat 'tn .! 1 - hV'X' flux.
Le nry.lvern;-% rnt en ern., hprIls nvclr lus!,en H u tute
on activit n'ant ru- et av .A.r ci::%itu1 4 Pntre de.
icbe1r. 4.11eGuu&tch i r,1-7Ant ellrs orrict! l'intermlAiaire),
•se riveille len:" L con-osition
lh .12bmr4 ru t &vhnt -urslre (si;af 1. ji -ni r l e7t lors .
i. : ; fa:te Franc).
la
Le rrr, ut,0? tnn° h s"rrri-
trr 'e2 us ;:n • :1,r, rn fly cr s upe. St . !' i ncireux temtres
aissent Lhi.tcnent Vichol Ke'le est en Suin ., e et
travaillo 'ens la c .s ulis ,;e. Il a . ar". 0 le contact avPc son lroupe
Tzomajo et Alchibaja (Lumich), r d 4-rnvainent l'un et
RVOC le Cn3ral rro ut r:nt(n..:7.! aux Ukriens
1/AU4 ou l ils sont tr, fort'. ,nt Itlut-n.3 par A.r.t.ricrs).
1:11 4ga1o:cont lc p4Ince Aw!ronikechvili (un:ch) smble
s/ttrc Jordrmie, -ue (tin p:xcat ie
1/r4cin pr'si ,"mt) rann
Sindjikachvili et Retarndr. 4 ,
Salzburg. in Italie, Imnr.01:4„
avir rezii. leur 'r!-.v1.11 tv-c
rf. !:.l ia, se ra)2roc/vmt ? P *u Jor"ania ct oat nou4
'on co:ttcts hv . .c lc; Polomis do An-ers. Eln Tur7uic, c;roui5e
zubsiste, laissn tonber paiciPn fn
Esparne r:uc ia. octie v.:Ar tes c:is 1. ;•lus fielann, ui y
collzb n rent &I've 1,11cman,"'s .1 c ltawehre

Lc ,tour a/horizon eorgien ,:ue veuons e.laffectuer


est tr mtr et o on ab,nr'er lc: pcints
et pour pr4v-atcr in- nom1 N reusts p.nces "u os.zicr caucalc
vi rnt f411 ra l btre communioui.
,

§taline, , grAce It (es rusf s, c- it uiriger tous ces uilieux vers ses
prapres buts. C'est pour cctLe -raieon cue les Allies sont obliges de
iiisputer le tem in ii taline en 21iiemr.gle meme. .
• Ii y a en . AlleMagne be r-ucaup u'autres forces . encore, ui veulent
s cntendre avec .es ti4uocraties Anglo-Saxonnes, en vue.a'orgni6er.
rur uhe base juste. f-ut chercher ces Allemands, ii faut
• les niser. moyen u'une politique juste, it en mon-
crhtt dc la clinprehension pour les desiaerata ce ces milieux; on pour-
t g . gner le peuple ;4 ih CUL/ S e commune. En ce qui concerne la
iiquivaLin Lus hnciens vestiges nazisme, ii. serait preferable de .
1 .1i-•tr lee milieux al-em s nds etu6-m8mes s'en occuper... us pourraient
le mieux, zue l'acuinistradon alliee.
Naus cannniseons•.t2e1.-. 11es unes de. ces personnalites allemandes,-
• ui d.esquEl Les' naus . AVOilS pu • nous maintenir . k Ef9rlii4 lout
efl menant uric palitique de iive app y sition k'la poitiq.e fiefaste-des
•' .nazie, cans les qUestions aes Fationalitis ce l t J8t EuroPeen.'
. cet"ex;inel, nowiAoignons la liste (its )e'rsonnes . airec lasquellec
nous eti3Ls . tn a'ntact • nuivi en Allemagne. -Cei pei. sonnes,'. k leur tour,
peuvt nt c).. )1e ter .cette liste par quantit4 d'autres noms, plus impor-
: tants ptut- e - tre cue it. ''o ire.
. Si . l' :11etaitgne, ce. .2ri.:4;.er et Amp,rtant facteur . europeen, est g;,..gnee .
a notre cause, on pourra s'attaquer aux autres problemes europeens. Il •
f%ut cue peu. ltr Ue : 1'14 Ouest de l'Europe soient satisfaits et,
gagnes :pour le til,t en premier lieu: lt-::France . .'s -
7ne fois le rObnue 'de . l'Allemagne', (16 l'uuest. .eurOpeen amOrde, Les
• kaniue -cherOn.t avea-. les Angia-SaxOns, ,qUe4a:grande •

. - mkjOrite ' des I . 5ianatS, 'qui 'ne supportent . ni '-lii domination 46 : la :flussie
ni . le c)mmuni::me..:.;:: .
- . .. . , . . .. . ..
• 2n ce • :uI • :),nerne:,-,les. peuples de l'1,st eilroPein,_:(les : • etiples non '
• - ninvet:inClus dans ",1'.1'ASS) , r . ui 'repreSentent'une masse de WthilliOns'
rePartie en h1thenie2PIdneht 4 Ef iiTaine .,. - CaUdase;Turiestani . ., ,Tatars . de:
-I:, . olo i • l'IiLf:tre'cl. e'ciiiLilet';:: n3Uk . etiOn6; . Mes. a:A:s.,et!Moi;:: yieUri . poi- -.
•t. - . 4.r)ies . i).perlkn.- Lee .arganiseret le6 . :. diriier;:aira::Pilisfiale: . des
peUiles Ae :i rent _tOus4:separar'clela:hUstie:,5:.et:::274.tabliria-libeiti:
et 1' nuept na:... rice de l'etirs pa c • 'W:001t ..potie. : cetti raison, du ;este, . 611 ... .
:lee his cio .. . c .:s 'peujiesau coMMenaeMent de la guerre germanosairietique
.' 'ont as! e en MaSse:l'nrm6a rouge et sont . :TenuS en •AlIeMagne demandeT'
. ces armes pour s .' enier :comuevOlonthires ! ,dans' .1!UrlieC-'ailemande.". ;..
-...;' est-. Seuiewent . 1c trait:ement:CrU4:4eCnaiii . enrS . tes...JriSonniers:_
qui ..s. ' v talent 4-endUS v31)ntAirciiient; et in.:nefaste paiitique . allemande
Nil tionalites . qui :a :proyoqiit g la : desertion MA 13 Si Te ..
Le eer..:.yoltairi7i et iliicite une:viii: ociiitión anti-nazie parmi ceux:
qui rer,lrent js usqU'au . .Cernier .: jour cans . lee ,units alleManths et dans' -
le r . .e; : ins : nation:les. . %.• . •
. ,,cte ci ::• .. e ',.. ::::e u 1 h):waes; r,ui s el6Ve_h . plusieurs Cent-eines de
milie, peut. t: tre . reor i ;ani se e , mais : : paturellement k .1a Conaitiön que,
- .Von . ne reprenne as une:poiitique semblable . e., Celle dew nazi 's; qui
consideraient cei'ea.c.ats doMMe_des':Unter-'04enschen aus °Sten.- • Ii faut :.
empi.): . er une p.i1: . ti:..ue . .deillocra,iqUe:garlitti scant ' la: liberte-cles peliples ..
'et' .1.eur • droi t h. uisposer . d' euk-memeS. :., .. .: • • :•%. ..,. .
• .La-prewiere. chose a ' faire, :dans set . ordie:Widees, eSt 4' empech. er •
• tout de suite tdus les : Caucasiens et autres peuples. nen-russeS; dm •tom7.
::er :,%. •:,.: • 1: .: .- i : . .u:urs;loit . colayae legionnaires, soit comme riftltgise. s ,
— 3 ••

Ked/ta 'a pu d i abord, Paris, neurer la ddrease de lquigration


gdorglenne. La proniOn •omande &erased's par Kedia uux al1oann4a
italt de no pee extern: de reprdealllee oontre is Gouvernamont
du pr4oldent Jordania at (mire us reprinatants des 'partit
politlquie gdorflens, dent le enial-dooratlque dtait is plus
important.
ladle a reuesi plelnement oette tone at ii a.su'defendre
ang el blen toms lee lerailltes g4orEiens it djougoutee; au nibs°
d'environ 25 c., pertionno.
• aprOs is libdration de Paris, it. an moan/nano' don sir..
vine rendue par Xedila, is Grand aabbin do Paris, l'Aesooiatiem .
oulturelle des leradlitte en France at le Prdeldent du Groipement.
. -des Iaradlites gdorgiena..lui ont . adreee0 des lettratde:obalOw. -
' —lfronHineroinenta.. (rMir les popies) . .. • • •
Vest riOrbs le Mut. dO 11. guerre b er6ano-sovl6tlque quo 16
.t.Lohe de Kedia set devenue beaueou;; plus arduoc
Le 'rat visage du gouverneaent nazi a!itant pas eonnu,
emits ipoque, pat is Lrande majoritd des 'peuples . ds-l e .:ste vont-
fraat sous it rie tovidtique it luttaLt i.our . 1t...litaprtd at
l l inddpendanoe t Ceti peupleti out accuailli cette dCOluzat/Ost.de
.antre aveo joie et xa-.1.eft.ction. Ca a ' cru . venir h bout do .c*
rdgima eovidtlque qui lea opprimeit eepuit pine Is ■fingt inc.

La 4sUrsess it aiMe 1,i Lc;-4.es de 5, uns es Orecipiterent


.oamie . volontJiree.'.Dei centaines.de mille cuuceatleus'ddsirtbrent.
.1!ara6e roue pourpaeser du octi ,
• • • •
Cane tont'PaLlsa . actione niliteirei qui expliquent:
4 Cu . iillions de . prioonniers allemande .am:ddbnt
di la : Cam h:4cne:44t azsie,. miie i s eepoir Je eitoyens ao*idticiues
de libération'pur les allemL:nds. .. •
. .Far exinpls, .re-;u leeralleuada !.brassoiverts.
et c'dtait Is lame aboaalore ce.leur . entrde au cisUease•di
• . e voululent rien c:!aprendra tout 4
oilu'et on commanca k truiter b.:tuil.cette:fasoa.d'hola.. •
mes . Vanua Voloataireaent. le terse :deY'Unter4encchen aus'Ostern!
asantltd.crid-po!ir:las.d■felOter.1:.

. Lee prilonnieri •enue 1010C tant'd!eepoir, mouraient de .
fain, • de'frold dmat: lea oamoi D'aUtras dtakent.aassa!-
orie,par lea 3.. .7. ;Anis '', pr exemPls, durant le . presier 'Aver
19 4 1-1942 preeque is 7. 0Orilena italent e
mortis.
• •

Tnre Is print-npade 1942, lee L:lemunds vc4wit int leurr.•


moldatatommancaient a.aunquer, crdirent.deali6ions avomvaaa...
•rimonniere.. Vitait,. pour lop priaLinniere, le.eeul:calut it la.
grukIe isijärlt4:de:oesarniere da , diffdientee'nutionolit4. 0, ea .
ddolariorent .volontairea, ma1fir4 tout os . geila . avuient ddjb.
• •
aursit..pu croirs que ces prisonniere, vitue de l'uniforma
'de eoldat allemulnd,-eeiaiect mieux traitdao Ila dtuient trait.
quan4.mims oomma deo pariuo, come dee "landmkriephr. 1,10 lea
.,• • pronalent lour revanche auseitEit qu'lls le pemeofiCatt
llg asemacrallent lee eft /clue all nds et maaiont le g lignee

allidoe on le maqu1e.
Lee bosses &yawl ddsertde l'arsde rouge, repassaient (2,0
neiveau aux soviets, A lol . point Lie 4toisat Calque deo allesiteetso
• . . Per example, A Chetrem, dtialent . etationddu 3 bataillitme. Co .
Golargioni. amssith quo i.e tremolo ft lea All1ds d Oa:01446AS
dcla riviera, lea trots battalions to rivelteront it rogagnbsest
'4:tviesqsie; 11e se seat Witt's centre lee allemande hveó noose.
Oommo 11 oat dit ° plus haut, vs la grondo effervpi p asaas die .
pouploe do 1!Est it la . ddoortion en nateo go foldate de .1°A;140
tlui font venue. rejoindre lia.el1eende, /1 falla14 quo COD
'41:4 bassine t. . k Berlin, puissent-protdger: se : difondre lea intdrOte-Ake
detts base.- d 'bosaei.. • •:

• • •
I . A% let oftet, le :;ouverriemilit Jerdania it lee oignitiositisns
politiquei gdOrgionnes- ddldgarent is ass .Eddia e Berlin.
depuis le- nois d'uoat 1941, c q tait •a.lutta quotidienten
avec 1es4.. utoritds allmIndes . pour alliger lf sort de , oce-petevees
prlsenniers, ti grainde mujorite .venUa .volontairement,. d4gun it
ozedddo pir leo bailees .des nazis.
• onti—ooms.tuniete it unti—sovidtiqUe, 4tait
ddfindre d*re comp.:trintee• redtvenue communistes
par l entIi . ce it 1 crueutd !fee
• .• • • • • •
•: Xedia, aiiA do ne pas 74tre soul,* 4 rdusei conitituer un
bloo. deigeuplee du . a.uosie .et par - la suite le . bloc -de : toMe.lea •
pimples . di, L' t.
.S oppry aNt stuz . cc bloc,. Red i et ice aia on an la 101;10
.poux hlIi&er .10 Bart Joe legionsiresdes::prlcanniers:, "dee::tra-.
vailleure; iv; plus , 118 eo . sort opyoea ciiverteiont at .violimment
op atre la poli tt 4' occupation ot Reichifcaiitdakiat.

Kedia qui an ttui. usui.rerao sacrifice


pour. ne • pos abolueer re;.%olationnaires..et • pia-.
trlotes. kidorzions qui . lui 4c.a4 rear' confil.ncie. Il ..avoit
• diolard •ouver .temea:t iii. . sz..uter,, lee deut
semaines, • :a. sonimealnj (wait toller cottme ...fiehkomienr
aliemenci au Jauoase. 0 • • • .

• en auto:line 1944,
oat *esay4, • do
ecuM4. ttre . tous . lee'reertitseants dta pro4leu tau bindral
Vlasov . ot 'ont cet effet . une preseton cur Zedia pour ie
forcer, lut it tous lei autree . pouples de 1't. se eoumet tre ,
Keats,. en pleino riunion de l'ltat cr des' qui. ostanait.
.600.3 la. prdsidencvdo •'OberfUhror:,tr Krdlier
a dielmr6 qua l4prêUrait encore Stali s ee' 3' vlasov..
Entln,. en ware 1945, Kedia at see wide ont forc . tt le'
un la personae de. i ..oeenber reconnaitie. le
drolt doe peuples.Lis 1 .1 et la' libertd. 46ja. trop thrdi
maic Q'tit&it tame priacipe. '(yoir copie tle . ce document).
•vs-1A9 A7,k ■157-6 11‘
.1
P?"'

4 r• •
A.P
a

A det effet, Itediu irovoc,ud, ddjk au la p is dm mat 24424


une intervention du Yarect,.1 liOnnorLeim peal ddjoess les plleae
de le Comtapo allemande et riumeit h taiga) pamor oa PLSLNA6:
l'ancienoUistre kffraree Streogbres
0.. wforg/eo.le de

• ddeobrate Ousiguetotkori, qui purls else oases/ea cot- slid ea .


saede peer infcrter le ZicuvArcesent-etedoia. • •
• G. :Iusigaet;:ncorl poeehde une 1ett:4P du r.urional
•: 1L donne nacon et lui oonfirwo avoir talt %MS ddgerehe
.t 141
z.uptio de hitler 'fur •Pobtenir one modificalion de oat ootZtto■
te udgmtivo quunt ut.x. ,cuples oomeasiootio.
Hitler ripondit que le politlque sulvie per Vol:magas
ut dtmlt 14 meilleurt.
Lee tomec::, ou naiseamt la polities* intraaelgoente do Koala, .
I'llvitbrent, ,1i pendant 6 Istanbul, le sot/tenant
is guerre,

1Ln: es pcli . i:uc, coass ile . le pouvaient,:surtout en fAiemnt de


pre. p .snter":t . mL.Citee (lc fereur dee Cauoaaions anyrks de volt Pagoeto
- Ufat.t le dlre - coutenait Viaddpesdunce ds •Cassese
:,..i.lr it Coe LWAII tUZCS.

HOLLTO, ..die et e. g eale, dont t roio A..Diegallan,


• . ;intern": Alibesoff, goat prdeentoneat Ave° 1O1 6 Gembie,
r.7.t tout tait, au risque de lour vie, pour Alan/area ls cart OW,
fiuplee do 1'-at et soaves oe qui dtuit poseible dee tdabbres

• .,uand i'dor_ulement itilt ddp eu premque u • fait Eee.


CO'
:edla c: uee ...tie out risen/ diplaeer la grunde sajerad
de lcura cpotriotee vete les Monos d'ouompotioa anglo—oezeztool.
nee. .edia u i ulttd terlia Is 6 evr11, presque le dernitT, WOW -%
elect: suirvE quatre agents endstimine qui Odteient confide A le&
et huxquele 11 fit recap*r lee lignee esarloaines.
Ledia &Telt d436, 6 fin tdvrier, le vise pour •:rtre• On
•Suisse mite lee allmeade lei refuebreat le vise de •sortie*
on uleautt quo 4edia rests:el ea !tame et ne revicadral piss...
c'eet daergleace tilted, Dupree 6111Wi.--
grace hul .13tOrVOM410a0

.estapo par le gt:ndral w4etter, Lt-04210401 Ant et le pro


von Nends: et leur usesraadle es'il revlendral, que 'Mist 6

N sortie' d'Allet.Agne, 'Is 17 evril 1945. Coo • trete pereosms6


vaient parfulternent tee. Ladle se reteuree/4 plea ei •

maim 'eseLant d'uutre part quo tout itit fini, ils oat 40
leur
• • •
garantie.

• Lt leetarn n y e, .;,ae oc4 dire au gdn e.ro.1 • eabeer ■;tele460;


profeimenr. Nende Lt-Colcxel Arit.dtulegt.069aies
kedia •e rentrait . pas, toms lee Aeux weiLlent arriltdoyeins1...v*,.
toms lee eels de.edle.
• katurelleLent'Lediti,S.ienotintri, durant des 016meisasSeei.
beauectip de diftioultdei.beestcomp . de riaquem . tott:CortitWAAIW*4
il: a tre arrltd deal foLe igess.raffilive '
11 a dtd conotnrant:prie.eztre'. :02;412 rem; detMeatia
Gestar?'slarsallleit sen'petivitd eveslotssacep de'mdfien0614
•guettlilt de19a7vOtortit dro em ' astre satate'potlt
gromDs do lo
vase (theist dtait 40 maze nose
foIlml, • •

dit plmo Imut, aril do 30oonberg, qui lo ec ga:..ttcit c:onotaLment,
en le ddnencant comm. arti-naai, mai dee . !uifa, franc -season it
aoat u-g1Lia.

.'eat grace uu bon renom dont jou/omit ledie oral lee
• peuplee . ue l'ret qui lui feteticat soarldnoa,.‘xilae.attual.aux
aaltids poes4duit CIAIL lei Taros, it eeittom it gag e 5.
l'akpui deu rn.;ctio,:luirem loportsate anti-nasio, tele quo
SchulcuLour,;,.pr . :feek. tur rende ta t. beaucou; d'outree, qu l il a
iu Le:Ur ....vunt 1e l'enfer hitl6rien, . •
Ainta et wul6rt l i cilatenoe du petit grampAbial Oorgiaa.
• tt Boxii%, qua tedia G etcneutralieer,- l e dvetion dolergiesne
efeit kca-tio c ecot guerre taut.i . talt - halaribleaanti 'diem
d6but de Turie, un homee'nese4loha:La . ,A. . 'Volt/tit
• pas comprusi- tc.ve .e.t.4ertaLdeltedLe et . da:1'dalgratlaa.
•:e nor-se 'halve :dieharia l 'exelu de l'Aseeolation gforgiaama

en Fr%r.cr. a . 1 . 77, rrl! 11A.60


• • •
1943 am sarilim do la
'eEtt4o
.1 u reunir autour ac ledtquelqueo dandle ablimi-
t:Lbl ,. 1: r,aaaed des g orses, deo eepagnele. .
et x10 al v.Aid. service de la 3estape (env. 120

Pa cvtitE.Ct 41160 le •oasaillar di la Geatapa9


,:30uGziftts ;adzes de le atetapo las pa.
ttictcs fri: et tou.. 1.: gene t:ueoeptiblee d q tre cloaptde
iteo du . •
• • •
- .n W.L.L.nt • et diitIonctInt !,eut le mo%de,.1.1 a meawed.des.
dizuiqaa ds a1 Lucre.
4'1.1 t.,1 1 1 0 8 ,.sotestutior.e vq".6nentee de .'.edia aupree dee
:Ale:Lai:4, la ...eetq.o'n't. 'pa l&eti eon bosom laucheatll a te2U
jUtiqU s ati bot:!% r/avee.
• • • •
i2 .'r1cc• llbre le dOnongs . tEbe vouvent.:.
oat ueveau un ebrtel (1 , • ;:edia it dee . sale de CO.
.ernlcr el. qwund, Lqre la libtfratior de . laIrance . ,. is swat .
ae . t. 40) group, eat-vsnu b'Pst2174 ee n!Otait
qde d4a3nulot—uad dovunt le Giitepo
.. 1: orte de1'4m1gration•at de-Kedia.
• .tr. pas-qui koteee bleaser 1 4a, alliis'it en tout
promlrx - 1u3,:ty t8 ne otivaiert•3a7oir levdeabous de
cettc • • allesitude, . edienaria a
-..ortu en eciii t,rome . ttantau.x eui dee.
lee reneoloemerte
que pOs43,iu, .;,,L,r.cun.t'neur...meereent,a volr
•lalr ,!anu

• Iaie le mall Cat d4P) fait p4r ctt odisux oiae, ta,.ne
terupule.
.I1 r6oulte pocieud6.4:1 u'uutreA.41rt'que cot
h^iame e'cut fait :.re tro1b t's.t.vi06t; ;Apar :41odifier
114:i

au phpalonomie et ee nalt nommer :.:r,cr; 11 4 '24.00y6


a/entrer en Julese.
Lea Otorgient eiruit-nt Men r•connuLdeunto qu'om 14 fug=
reohareber et que oit ho.me, qui La cnu.prom/4 /a no honorable
de l'dmigration gdorgenne, it truauit en 3up tios pour 1. tro .
orig '.14 oomme 11 le mdrits.

■••••••••


THIS DOCUMENT MICAOFILMED, P.M (

t_
4' 1J J/C) 0.f

STATION : Munich REPORT NO. :.110.4176


(HEC-.76)
OFFICER
REPORT DATE I April .47
COURCE : Chalve MAGHLAKEL
micRoFiM ! 1946
;nth SOURCE: Lt. William OTT,
OMGB Special Bra ch FEB 2U148g; I 0 REC'D: . March 1947
' 13
EVALUATION: F- 3 oioc. midmpateas. :3

REFERENCE 8-1emorandum #8 3 via-213


‘113JECTo : KEKA Groiinv Suspicion of Soviet Activities
••••••••

VOTE: The infortstiOiCgiiien 1:4110:*aS-Obiiine4 . 1Y W : OTT from a


. . gesgian.friend, ChalveMAGHLAKELIDZE, who is mentioned by I
seweral_sonrces:(see . references) : as an agent.of Abwehr II in
the Taniare: •Project. (one : of KEDIAls.intelligence'‘activities
• • in 1941).•Eind • es . a member of Colonel BAUN's • -•stiff. z•in• Poland
• • . and in the. Munich -area: He is listed in S-Metnorandum. #B ,. as
...a • • ; chauffeur ;born 18 April 1902 : .in: Koutais; .; f6rMerly••.•reSident ; .
• • • • at . 14 rue St. Didier,f. paris. 16e;!...active against the USSR,
.• ....i.;•6:"-;..i:p
:•'•'-::':64.t4et::'6e-::0-1•:ei.en.s
... el KED . .ilt" .-cie** ,
,;. : Aieli'zi .
arid MiChe CHIBAYA '.fOrmerly . erripibyed. •-by • the ;•
.. • .. • pected,iof .heingaSoviet,.agentSe ,.. They recrUitect • agents •forth6.:;::Geiiiiiii. •, •
•i• !..Kaukatiseheye6ihdiiii(ii;tati.,:.of;:the:.:.O#MiniSteriumiEdurinesthe;24r.ar,•:‘.,
. 1 •••:•.;. •';• • ' •;•••' but as early as,l942-o;1943 a suspicion arose that theyhad 4 joined
1•::" • the'.- : • if.
l•
nourished the idea, including thefoUowihg
; . •a. ALCHIBAYA was onCe..'41 ribe tene.d : ' with expOsnre . :ea s. e.8oWiet • .
• agent by a Georgian •Giiiiil.: •PERADZE;•:Prbfessor • at the University .of • • •
Warsaw, In .Order .::to;.:Save hiinSelf;:..he: had • PERttDE -arrested '• BY.: the: • • • •
.Gestapo Soviet spy. •

:....,...,:lial.delbere:COmmeht*::::: ::• This,,inCident- and Professor i PERADZE.", • s:


I; •::--have.,notOeeniareviouslyeported..

. • 4-, j óez arrested 'by the Gerrtien-:p•Olicejn PoSetr;


sometime: • in.'1944 ad m itted:: 4/oricing . Under the direction of . a . Soviet , !: •
Mats.49100UNIA•i ':who':had ibiecome a German..pw and later tr tor or Th.
'We prOpa gentLikinistrY. : The day' or the agents' arrest; GAB A : ;-7 ! •
disappeared;::'af ter :hiding for two days • in TSOUYA's apartment, he. •
escaped through Poland to the pssa... : .
. • ;:' . : : : : ' "

DiStribUtiOn:...,,
..,'.:•••2•:.;;;•:SC':We'S . 1 ,-1.:.SC-,..::F itt: ..... . .r, SC Desk •

.. '.- - P.D....-p-yiiih:.....„. ,,, ;,.,.: .....1 ::::sc..Auttriit:'; ' • • ...*R6g_istrYi .•


,.-• :::','.••• 2.,..=:'.SC;s1Miiiiich':•:.C. UOPY : 1 :-.*T-10°M. -:••'. :`. '::.•'.. • * .• •:'•' . *'• : ': ..•

-
OECLASSIHED AND R ELEASED er
CENTRAL IR-TELL 1 : 6ENCE- AGENCY •
SOURCESMETROOSEXEMPT1.010628
NAZI WAR CR I MESCISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006
co py
R 1P6Ttrah rL761-760 )
"
Pa C e 2
Heidelberg Comment: GABUNIA (or KABUNIA) is listed in S-Memo-
. randum #8 as an agent of the Tamara Project, active against
the USSR in France; resident at 132 rue Point du Jour,.. Bill-
ancourt; mechanic; deceased. He was reported in , LSK-65 as an
NKVD agent protected by KEDIA in Berlin during the war.
e, GABUNIAreturned . from the USSR to Berlin•rith a former
Soviet captain named BARAUIDZE, a . member of the Georgian legion
suspected of being. a foviet agent. He hid in KEDIA l s apartment in
Berlin for some time.
Heidelberg Comment: In S-Memorandum•#rniARAIIID where-
abouts unknown, is reportedas having trice.travelet
Russia for KEDIA.. An agent of the Tamara Project, German
. ,raARANITZE I: alaborer active against the.USSR t living.in
: Paris 15e at 5 rue"Mademoiselle,.bOrn 16 October. .19044, ma
be identical. rith BARAYJDZE,'as may also the BARANIRDr
...Listed in =7213 i70 a KED/A agent. ••
. . d. KEDIA Made frequent trips from Germany into other countries,
• especially Switzerland, a known base o" operations • for the-RIS.
•. ' e. At the end of 1946, a French officer, Major CHENKELI,
!g al-king:for the British IS Visited Munich. That he was' saiii-dUled
or an assign ent f the British • in Berlin somehow :became to
Mrs .. Michael 4TEDIA 'Paris , rho pas sed the information on to the
- FIKELI was not sent to Berlin. .
• Heidelberg Comment Trio CHENKELI (TCHENKELI)brothers were
•members*of the Georgian Menshevik group in Paris. Akari.::,
SUENKELI-wasGeorgian axbassador to France; his brothel -
cyr e9g..ta, a scientist, was in Hamburg during the war and .was••
• sent to Switzerland' in 1945 to arrange American contacts
• for .the Georgians (S-Memorandun #8, WIL, 21 3) . No other -
i, tHENKELIEare known. . • • •
• .
f; ,4K-OBIASHVILT; - another close friend of the KEDIA-TSOMAYA-
ALCHIBAYA group, was formerly an ci1'M117-0-the Paish taray. Accord-
• to fifs-6liiii .1-611tit, he was taken prisoner V; the Russians in 1939 .
but "escaped" after shooting s,veral *commissars." •'
.Heidelberg CommentOBIA S HVILI'Leprobabltidenti.cal with'•
- .Rittmeister SimoniK-GPIASHVILICIrsted7TrEggiiiiiiiaumas
-formerly of the Poirsh army, appointedbattalien-commander
In the Legion stationed in Dresden in FebTtry/April 1945. .
• 2.. When the American forces occupied Baverie, KEDIAfAICHIBATA,.
and their • GentmAs .actoiktg_prpteAspr4von . • MENDE/(a liatrMETREVELI ) .
.crossed the'border into Switzerland. They, were immediately.appre-
hended by the Swiss arid' turned over to the American border C/9,. for •
whom they offered to work. After a' short interrogation in Frankfurt,
their: services were accepted. TEOMAYA and ALCHIBAYA mirk for. CIC
Munich; KEDIA is in Switzerland, Von .MENDE 'is allegedly working for
the . British'IS . in:theBritith ..Zöne of Germany.

crc
47,

1504' TROL :40H-1176 (HSG .!7O) - page 3

4eidelberg. CommentotiCel a account of the 'itoCent Careers


of•KEDIA. and his friends differs slightly from the .facts
'reco±ded.in:S-Memorandum #8 and the extensivedebriefings
'.0f.the group containeVin the TAILSPIN reports. - •
MAGHLAKELIDZE's information is forwarded .principally as
background on Georgian reaction
• to NEDIA and his circle.

-.:

. Eadt-7V07e
1047 F. .. 23 June 1947
. - Sourcet P/S.P.110ip 'g
we . •:
rtro Russian and German texts are the eanej Cr
=
A if Pre I
... Georgian 0
. Me; the capitulation of Germany, it developed that the
AL
"Liaison • ...
:
1 . Staff", organised le Berlin by the Gestapo under the leadership of Dr. Rengelhaupt,
1 & "awe+

:1
..

; i actuallyzias a neat ofBolshevik agents.


.; oil Reading this staff was Itikhaill•a basinessam and speculator by profession,
II
1 and his two clearest associates, Mikhail- aya and Aleksandr Cava.. Marking
1 11 with the e people use a former Soviet POW, • certain itialichavafs il:sge handled the j

/ I X secret sere:Len part of the staff, together with two Bolehavik agents, ginxintlirit
•1
1
rand Snaligeralidee.04J
1114 Before the capitulation, Xedlya, Alehiboya, Tsomaya, and Prof. trend., en employee
1
in the Rosenberg Vinietxya fled to Switaariand.. tediya, who had .* visa, succeeded •

A • in creasing the border; the other three, however, were apprehended by the American
police on the Selas border. . The apprehersied, Teene,ya, and Prof. trends,
I the latter traveling under the name of 13.trawell, succeeded in proving their innocence
to the Aneriden civil authorities. They were freed and given American pzz
a conduct pauses. Rhanclarta and Ginshelli returned, after the Bolsheviks had
into Berlin, to their service with the SAM, in which connection they left '•
shied a letter in which they thanked bin for help in the tines under the Germane.
few menthe after hie flight into Switzerland, ted •iya wrote to Teems and told his
hat all Georgian refugees, prisoners of $11F war as well as refugees, should return
o the USSR.
The Ikalovdng information is km= about rediyas (1) Before the war, Redlya
and his tattier-in-law, Platen Patchuya (German esyssitahmandok Patachulija), were in
contact with the Bolshevik agent network in Paris. (2) In the capacity of an silent
of the German Restepo, Xediya received from the Gestapo various a.esignmente like,.
for example, that of leading the Georgian emigrants back into the Caucasus. • About
30 Georgian emigrants were air-dropped by German aircraft over the Caucasian mountains.
. AU were _captured by , the 200) and were shot, with the exception of a few agents who
:• 119.4.. s 0.4 ion/ sAly -1-
• i--- --1
ZIAW:i .. -17.•,3 .4?0 frIPliria=1* •
. 4,44 • •

DECLA SSIFIED
AND RELEASE
CENTRAL INT
ELLIGENCE AG
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPTION
NAZI WAR CRIMES DISCLOSIIR.E
DATE 2001 2006
"ral

• ...• • • • • •.• •

•■•■

es
had accolipanieli Me shipment of parachutists. One of those, Xonkavac, popped up rn
in staatbul nntasfina LT last rear. (3) lakhail Rediya worked with the Bolshevik '5
agent Rhalichava and hie very close associrte, Alekaandr Tsomva. They smuggled
the former PIXT rajor Gavonila (German says GabuniSe) via a point especially organized
by them in lades into the USSR. This contact point was in the residence of a certain -1
.Grachvelidee, a Georgian emigrant living in Poland. (4) Toward the end of the war, 'ea
Bolshevik
Kediya and Teomeya sent out another secret/agent into the WM, the former PM Captain I7c '
Baralidze. Baralidse was a former Legionnaire and was turned over by the German
military high cosusand to a military court, but through the intervention of rectlya and
Tsomaya he was .freed. (5) The wife of =khan rediya, Valeria= Lediya, a daughter
of P. Pacaullya, lived in Paris. At present she is worIdng with the employees,of .
the Soviet Mission in Paris. The sister of the vire of Aleksandr Teoeve is the
persona/ secretary of Constantin lobalddilze, the leader of the Georgian group in Paris&
which pub/lobes a pro-Bolahevik nenspaper■there. (6) tudi.Tnsjilebiln/a, and Tamp/a
are still in permanent aesociationt:Ith each othcr. IUJ. three smiatain relatioas
segment ••:,
with the Bo.lehevik =ton of the Georgian colony in Paris.
2.
The above-mentioned person.: rely upon a group
. sharing their ideas in the occupied
of' OWIZSM. 1COt Oar d.oes these people have ;eats in common, but. also very real
11011118
are •
personal interests. Heading this group in th.. Crigoriy :adz Alehibaya resident in 13ad
Reishenhall in Eavaria, the father or 14 Alshibaya, and tds old and trusted associate, 4. . •
cavalry captain (Rittmeisterl of the Polish Army Semen Bobiashvili.
Alshibaya TM the leader of a venial "Caucanian organization" established •

by the Gestapo in Zama/ during the period of the German occupation of Poland. There
was a secret military groins, also inspired by the x cavalry captain S:Aobiashvili.,
with this organization. The group had a Caucaeran club which was led by Alehiba,ya and
Kobiashoili. There was drinking and gambling at this club day and night. The club ,
was visited hy many Polieh iszbalskszodsk patriot—anti-Communists and anti-German - ,


anti-Communists. The Voss= VD was very much intereeted in these Polish circles, la
their activities and their material pot 'entialities. The rolshevike got the necessary
-2-
•• • • - . .• •••
. intonation through the club. At the same time these Poles were frequently turned
• over to the Germans, tromatiaes as Anglo-American agents, meth= as Soviet agent a,
In every case, their valuables are confiscated. At the same time, robiaphvi/i was
also a member of the guard detachment in the 'Ars=
The porter of the Caucasian club a certain Glavatekiyi also a Georgian,
who was a Bolshevik agent even before the occupation of Poland. Re bad been arreated -*
by the Germane in Wareaw, but was later released through the intervention of Dr.

Aletribaya. Through the intermediation of Glavatatdy and Gvardebaladee, Alshibayala


\ personal bodyguard, he and robiestttrili entered into contact with the Bolsheviks.
-
According to available information, robiashvili came in 1939 from that part of Poland
then occupied by the Bolsheviks to Warsaw, in which connection he declared on crossing
the border that he had shot two Red Ara men. The Ceram intelligence became inter-
grated in the case, investigated; and discovered robieshvilite lies. Dr. Alsbibela
eucceeded in getting him cut of the hands of the Gestapo end sheltered him in the
Caucasian • club. At the time of the German capitulation, Notlashvili was the cormander
of a 1,500 man Georgian legion. Robiashvili sent hie people over to the English Tmete •
of Gerseury, end fled to Vunich himself. All the legionnaire, were turned over by Oa

the English to the Bolsheviks.


Under the pretext of business activity, Alshibaya is now traveling throughout
the Western Tones of Gersany and is working on the disruption of the internal unity
of the Georgian emigrants. Everywhere he supports the pro-Soviet currents in, the
new (migration. ilseeddm Among the representatives of the emigration are the Soviet
physician Dr. Vepshvadae and Dr. Asatiard, both now in Limich, having nettled there
a fee =km taanthe after the capture of ICarlabad by the Bolshevik. Still earlier,
Dr. Pepshvadze had been sent to Berlin to set up anorenmdf. with Rhalichava a gls secret
Georgian group fricmdly toward the Soviet.. Re had compiled list* of Georgian emigrants
. At present his main collaborator i.e Asetiani. Also belonging to
X for the Boleh
ase -Aroma shrty;
this group is , who a short time ago apparently secretly fled from
Berlin. Re is an old emigrant, a *mist, ad to all appearances en agent of the igi
OD.
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. • ,
,soes


The NOR has cm its lint of persons actively pursuing Bolshevik work and propaganda
in t he American Zone or Germainy the following Dr. Grigoriy Alshibeia (Rilsobradall); •
his son, /Michell Alshitcya (unich); Semen roblashvili (Uunich); Alekaandr ?some :91
wrs
(Ihnich-Ramburigh Dr. Digansdnea Vepahvadie (?4unich-Sollen), Dr. Alsatian/ Mach), '117
bawl* Vase Isinsyshalli (Vaach), Gvardshanadne (Munich).
Through Tacoma, ALshibeya, and Vepehradee, this group is in constant contact es
with pro-Bolshevik elements of the Georgian emigration in Paste and Geneva. •
3. r-
-er
it the end at the Burma in 1946, Alelusandr Pachulip, an old Georgian Marxist -
who had been deported to Germany by the Bolsheviks with a group of Georgians in 2923,
ohne from Berlin to Mureot Today he is an employee of the "Dukow" firm which is
located in the Soviet lima of Berlin. In Munich be not with his old party comrade
frost the Social Democratic Party, Aleksander Kordmaza. Through Korai:aye he established
contact with other Georgians living there. In that connection it developed that •
Michelle had cost there, on behalf of the MTN to propose to the Georgian emigrant.
that they return to their homeland: /Conkers (I think Pachu/iya in meant herej
received a flat refusal, and was told not to come back to Match again. Be went
back to Berlin. Somewhat latex pressure was put on the Georgian *advents in Paris,
whore, undor the influence of the Soviet fission and the French Communistsh.the
Bolsheviks forted soma prominent Georgian politicians. Socialists, to cepitulate,
among than Zan Zhordanlya. The previous year Zhordardya had stepped forward with
a well-lutown declaration. forever, the Georgian population did not provide any
followers for him, and the calculations of the Bolsheviks proved to be in error.
In the winter of this year Pachnliya turned up in Munich again, and saw Rarity&
(presumably Zordsayaa and Isonsnrahvill as well an other representatives of the
emigrants. It developed from conversations with him that be had another MVO mission,
ordered
this time immissi by Berlya himself, namely to inform all Georgian emigrants "that in
the event of a clash between the Anglo-Americans and the Soviets, the Georgian national
emigrante were to remain neutral." Beriya had flown secretly to Berlin twice and
-4-
• •

given •. •
•=.
.
• • Ancimmsied two UM generals heading the Bolshevik secret serviee in Gomm new,
tG
special instructiorun "The Georgian emigrants are not to be molested, they should =I
not be ordered to surrender their isz arriet passes; they are to be put to work in

the fasinnedit interest of Soviet propaganda and on pro-Soviet tasks."


Tal connection with this second appearance at Pachullya in ifuniott and his
propagandising, rordsaya was given a vote of no-confidence by the reeponsible
representatives of the Georgian emigration and a protest was raieed against his
close assodation with Pachuliva. Under the circumstances, he felt forced to tender
his resignation, but was permitted to remain in office pending the final um elarifi
of the situation and until. nem elections could be legally held. During the last
appearance' or Pachtakva in Mach, it could be ascertained that the UM in Porno
had some Georgian:, ae leading othetalai 2 generals, 2 majors, and sone others of
lesser razdc. Among these people is one, the former Georgian legionnaire who had
gone over from the Germans to the Bolehevlicsi his correct last name is Grigolassvili.
Be knows exactly which of the former Soviet POWs of Georgian nationality who have
not been repatriated, and undoubtedly he is in close contact with the Georgian
Bolshevist agent network in Germany.
Instils; for the Bolsheviks in Austria is the former Soviet MS • Ida Major
Goglichides. .

The main center of the Georgian-Caucaatan agent network of the BYD is in Paris.
There are branches in Rome, Geneva, Madrid, end Zetembul.

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T1 12-1
L.1 1 U _1
• •
`Ulf:LW...2- •

gmaavs.P.Azor
1.
Beak der Capitulation Deutoahlands. anal, ea eleit, day s der
georglooke "Verbindangaotatro der . in =WV 1942 von der GeataP0 ' •
later IttbrUnG r. Esvonutaree gegetadet vav. tatdadAidtt
Beet der lasobewistinehen Agent= daratoitte.
An der Spitze dee fenannten Mies Defend aioh EMIL KUD/JA
(MiX/I)lui ((Ell tie? )11 eeinota Zerog mach Maga Und Speku.
lent, *Bowie seine /widen rdiabaten Mitarbeiter untaar. AILSonnum..:
• (IIVA mg AM U kf 81164) mad Alexander =ASA ACAMP 13(fMt:i )1'
Bei dieeen Lenten erbeitete em ohm. sea. re., el= gee:Weer
ONALIT30310AM gt 81A 114 ), der den Geheitedienat doe .13tabee
Versohe ausamnen mit wet boleohenietiaelten•Aienteu GIUSOWILI
▪ mid /MIMS ( r#1111 500 0 • 15FPAglit#3F ). • •
Vor der Capitulatien flohen =DNA. AliSOWBAITA. MUM •inid • ;
Prof. NENDE, emn Angestellter Sin laninterium Rooentierge. in die;
Sohvela. =LTA. darner sin Pie= verttlgte. Col aug an Nadir dad .
Came en koauen, die drel andiron Irtirden von der meek. Pain:
an der Sohaeiser Grouse feetgeno=en. Dan Peatgenomemon MOIL.
WA. =RAJA cud Prof. Rondo. der =tar don Noma COLERArEIZ
relate, geZang ea den arteriko NivIlbohdaden Uwe Baeauld
beauteen, do wwrden freigalassen uad bekeieen aserik. Watts.
echoing.. ONAZITSONANA Ind GIDSOWILI kererten t unobdema die Sol.
aelhaalaten math LIBBLIN gekormon waren au throe 'Menet Bei den
WD acedet, Isobel ale einen Brief Mr INOLTA kinterlieseeue
in velohem ale itat fttr seinen Thirtand neZtodor Dent/when Mares
Dank ddsdPrAdhen. Binige Stomata naoh seiner Pinola in die
Schwalm aohriett BIWA An =BAIA tad ertellte Ora den Rat an,
dedrgiec.ihan Vlilohtlingo, XfU VA° tladlitlinede Galen in die
MEI .anxelloldositren.

Ober 1JA liegen folgende Angaien yore 1. Vor den Weie ge fan,
den reale and spin gotraiegervater PLATON PATSOWLIA (nom 'Pot
/TA Yr I tYl c( • ) In V'erAindung nit der boleolterietisoken

4 /
_
iqz23.
)

~

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Ti!--.1
_I LI

Ste

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.11P- 4 . •

Agentwr in PABS.3.Ifh. der Nisenoobait O rem darter dear dent


sedum Gestapo eutefing =WA von der letzteren verachied4e pat.
cake. Wm s.B. die, die georgieohen Migrant= in den Nisubneum
surfloksufUhren. Ga. 30 georgiaohs Migrant= mord= von deutsohas
ringseogen Weer den havdmalachsn Bergen ablerryfirti Mid rawdosa
von der NC abgetangen is4 raohoasine nit Atamahme einiger
Agents% die dies= TrunepOrt der ralleohirmabcoringer hogleitet
batten. Bluer von demon. NONICAV MOH hA H A ) let in
vorig= John in SiAliBUID aufgetnuoht. UMTATA arbeitete
nit den tolaehewlatieehen Agent= mama= and nein= :Ala..
sten Ltitarbeiter Alexander BOUM. Si, babel: den ehm.
.22a3or GABUNIJA (IA 1 . Ube= elm= erasion von Urn= .
59 1 10 )

.3
in LODZ organialeiten Puokt .. indie Sovjettexioa hinnergedahmu7
geit. Dieser Verhinghusgep‘mki berand eioh in der cohnung einee
gewlancra GRATS(MMIDS.N.(cPA,18teiN; 3 t. p eines in Bolick.
bibordon Goorgirohen Mismeten. la Gegen side doe trieges
entaandten =DNA road NMI/4A minder eines boloohemistisoben
Geheimagenten in die NUM, don ohm. toltrin BABASUBN.
IMLIDSN war ohm. Idatonlir sad von den deutnehen Oberkommando 1
den Ariegagerloht Ubergebeng eherah Intervention von 131DI7A wed
ZONIAJA meads er aber befralt. 14de Frau von gioball ZSDIJAg
=mum gawp (IjAge imilia). sine Toohter von P.PATSCISTAIJA
p

=huts in PAR2214 *At. exteitet ale nit den Angeeteilten der


Pariaer Sow. Bliesion.. ltde Sohweater der Frau von Alexander
MUM Sat peralhalohe Sekretitrin von ICONSWITIN KODA01111611
OORCPAHViiii AC0/4.tigig des /Oren der georgleohen Grope in
Paris, die dart sine probolacbmwiatolache Setters berauogibt.
6 BEDIJA.. AISOBIBAJA. =ad ZONAJA stab= =oh Sestet in danernier
Verbind=g mitainander. drel onterhalten Bentshmagen mum
bolaehewisfiaohen Sektor der Partner georgimehan Kolorie.

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1 -1 t.1 Li 11 1111
_1 111.1 1 1_1 1_1 _1 _1 LI LI
Vivp

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Die gengitaaten Person= ettatzen slob in-den okkulderten Zenon


Deutschlands auf eine %mope Innen Cleichgesinnter. Nese Date
aurbindet nicht oar Mare glaiehartige Vogl/Igen/reit. •onde=
=oh sent reale peredullohe Intereseen. An der Spitne nee=
Grope steht der in Iliadt RETOEEDIUMG inPA= wohnhatte Dr.
moon AIDOBIDAZAh der Varter von Ho =OMAN nit seinen &tea
and trail= ttitarbeiter, den atttneleter der Polawn= Arcao
• GEM ZOBIASONVIZI (Ceti Eli At 611A tit BOOR ).
Dr. =OEM= war wdhrend der dentschen ObliaiPationonein inft..'
ten der Maar Omer besenderen okeadcasiaohen Organisateif oillo
• die 'Gestapo in l'ADS08101 Ina Men gertafen bane. Dei Osier -Wpm .
ideation bastard mine geheirae mil. (hemp% deren Insp.trator
°ben der Itittandeter 11. MODIASORIMS war. Die Grope hatte amen
kautaeleohen 113.ub, dew von AISOILMJA mad KOBUSGIVail geleitet
wards. In dies= Iamb ward, des Tads ;Ind do n Vedas antra
epielt wad wereoht. Dar Zliab made an= von vielen paladochan
Patrioten- antileolschewlettsohen wad entideratschen beevent.
Die Godinuer UWD intereesierte sic& lenhaft ttir die= polideohen
Erebus ° Air Mare tatIgkeit tad ihre naterlellen Gdeliobleonon..
.Die nUtlgen Angaben erhielten ate Boleohevieten dawn ildn VA.
Gleiehnitig wurden die= Palen haufig den Dental:then anagelleterliy--
minehmal ere Anglo-Itmerilmadriehe, roancebmel ale Sorjetischo Age*.
ten, In jedem Pail wards die entsprechende katadgcvng threw Wert. .
earthen vorgenomzen• Gleichzeitig war itODIASOVIZZ much Zits/led
dee Veda/mammies im Varechamer Ghetto.
Potter doe kmukasischen ELiabe war ein gewieeer SCAT= (MA -
BAP*. °bagatelle Georgie?, der schen vor der Okkupatitra Polena
bolsohewictisoher Agent war. Dr winee von den Deutsch= in
rareohan verhattet, duroh eine Intervention von Dr. ALSORIDA.TA
Our wieder freigelassen. Duren Vermittlamg von OTAVAT= land
efenzsottrargE (r8APAILI Ail fi g 3 ) dee perstballehen Denaohere
von ALS(MIDMA, nehmen or wad IMBIASCHMI Verbindung at den
Deleohewisten ant. Duch vorliegeuden Mob= Ian rolasconzi •
schen 2939 nue• den damals von den Dolsobewistaa besetaten Sell

• ).
role= mach Vans:Amp wobei o erkldrte beim Grenatibertritt
Nisei Rotormisten ersohoseen nn habea. Die deutsche Abvashr intereS•
alerts etch fdr den Pall, atellte Naohforsohnngen an rod deekto
die ?Age von zonrAsomvar suf. Ea gelauS Dr. bISCHIBMA Abu
nun den Bandon der Gestapo an befreien nu d er brachte Ihn inknumi
basica/ten lamb inter. e Angenbliok der deutsche/1 414.tblatAuu I
war ZOBTASCOMLLI Or. otter 1.500 &Tann start= georglechen legion/
Itorasemraz trft eodne Zsute.in die englisehe Zone Deuteehlandts:
und flieht Benet mach 1001/1111. Die Ze gionare 'mutt= vim dun
EaglInder reatioe don Bolechextaten 71bergeben.
Eater den Vorwand ainer gesoldiftlichen Witiglosit bereiat AISOU.
EAU. joist alle Vestsonen Denteohlanda and arbeitet an der Zak.
setivag der inner= Einheitliabkeit der georgierhen I zslErailno-. ' 1.
Oberon tinteratiltot or die proaoarjetinahen StrUninngen In der
;amen lhaigration. Zs den Vertretern der =nen Emigration •gehdriii:
yeah die salt. in Ednohan befIndlichen ear. Xrste Dr. Monza= i
W(RW8A 013 F ) Wad Dr. Assmagarma (ArADIAIIN
die belie eintge Monate =oh der Madan won IMPE.511AD.duroh I
Bolsolseoriaten von dart mach PONCHO dbergesiedelt elude Er.
;..
WEBOVAISE war nosh &them SA =UN Der/tart warden eine ge. 1.:
helms afaajettrenadlidhe Georgiergruppe mammon it ORALITSONATA
orgenielert babes. Er hat /Ur die Ilelachewleten listen georgi.t.
ocher Ealgranten snwannengoatellt. Z.Zt. lot nein Esuptnitarboi.
ter ASSATETIARZ• Zia dieser Grupe gel:art nonh MOM ZIPAISCIZTIEZ
f ocE HMI/API , a NO PI der Iror barge% vie es sahatnt in dehel.i
non au signm geflohen 1st. Er let alter Migrant, eundsto
Oiler rahreabeinliabheit naoh Agent des
Zn ibrer List. der Parana, die in vereahledwaater Tailse die
bolachewiatische Arbeit and Propaganda in der awarlk. Zone Dant.
eohlands tlthien, Itihrt dor =ES Dr. MI6= ALSOKMAITA (Itelebesi
hall). deentat Sohn Etohail ALSON'IBAZA ( gatiohen),, dem 10Elia
Selaritt (Intashen). Alexander =WA ( Etbichea- liamburg) * Er.
mom= (mama =ono Dr. ASsidnr•TANZ (lablubau). Oulu
:11,21013011TILI (111/noben), 02ARDS0PANADSE (10Inchen).

•••• 1

••• ■••••i1.1,1.411.,.1.•••••••••■••••••••• • •.• • • ••• •••■••••••••••■••••■•■•••• ••• •• • ••• •••• ••••• •••••• • -••■••••-••••..... - •• • ••

^I^

' • •

. •
Mose Crane otot March Zomaja, Aleolaitte$e teaft Vstohraulse isi
beetikullger Varbinduag nit den protolsohesistisahen Vienenton
gee georgisahen Emigration in Paris und Gent.
••

3.

Rade des loaners 1946 Un nue Berlin =oh ION= Alexander


PAISEEIILIJA, emn alter gearglseher Enrols% 1923 von den Dol..
sehewisten mitoeiner Orme Georgie? =oh Deutschland swage-.
vieeen. Route Angeetellter der Pinta *D'EXCEm, die sish in der
sow. Zone BERMES betindet. ra Ettnohen trat or sick mite seinen
alten Parteigenoseen von der eoelademokretieehen Patel Alarm.
der 1031WsAJA (44EffeAk R C P ACP 43A6(l )4, Dux* dessen Vernitt...
lung nal= or nit anderoa bier ansassigen Georg:tern Verbindung
ant. Da'bei ergab es aloht doss PASSCEIELDTA a Anttrog der
IND hierher gekonsea mere um der georgiliehen Eadgraute* die
Ellekkehr La ihre Relent noronsohlagen. ZOEDSAJA erhielt eine
tategorisolie ATessge Ind den Eat nicht =lir =eh Mohan on hers-
rm. Sr kehrte naoh Berlin nuattelt. Atm seater setzte eta
Dry& eat die georgisehe Emigration in Paris eta, mot =tor .
den letufluss der Sonjetedealen end der fransUsisehme. Zommunistes . . .
die Beleandaten sillies Prominent. georgisehe Politiker. ••
Somialleten, unter ihnent Mit MENINX& (MM oNCOM A M a )
nor Zepitulation neengett. ICEDAEXA yaw im eroaligen Jahr nit
elner bekennten Deldaration hervorgetreten. Pooh die gee lobe .• -
Emigration leistete Dm nicht Getolgsobatt.und die Perachnung
der Bolsehenisten wales sink ale oortehlt. .
••:
Da Winter da. taught° PATSCEULIJA ideder in Mind= eat end ••••
eah sioh nit =ELM land 1132A/SOIMILI envie nit einigen en-
deren Vertretern der Migration. Ann den Vaterrednugen nit
• ergabe oink in new Auftrug, dee END der dieses 2.1
Ton =wit (FrPile t ( ) genet ginseng nod an elle georgisohen •
Effligranten geriohtet var, end war • im Palle eines Ztuismmen.•
etosses mvisohen den Anglo•Ameelkaneem end den Sorjete hat .410
seal:818as notional. Etdgration eioh neutral on verhE1tento22224.
JA star sweinal its Eshelman nh Berlin geflogen mud hat Neel

)
• . .

Conergata doe 112% die sas der Spitae doe holsehavriettechea


heindienatee Ia Deutechisoad etehen eine nova beam:dere Tactrok.
Lion ertellts "Die georgiacshen Daigranten Dollen nioht be.
leatIgt Werdewe son eon von ihnen nicht verlangen, .Searjet,Uwe '
az nehmen, i.e sand la Zetereese der Sowjetsropagenda and rder
prosonjettechen Atheit einausetaen".
• Sacertmenhang nit diesels miters. Aaftenehen von PATSCIPirsra. in
$1120hogs mod senor PrnoRonda =cede 2011T6A,TA eettecus der versast
oortlichen Vartreter der georgieedunt Ws:mt g.= atm Ulna
enevotnn rad On Pretest gegen seine enge Verisin finng en PATS
WA auegeaprOohou. Xisliretattnis Galt or sioh ge mnulaen soil% •
Satlessungegeenoh einssurelohen, mode atom neitoetlig hie our
endgaltigen =Smog der Angelegenheit and his none eeeetatehe
Palen vorgeteassen nerds= Idftmere in seiner Stellang gelaseen.
Unread der letzten Annessenheit PATSCIRUTZTAS in Mb:ohm hennte
teetgestent warden, &tee dee WV in RODIN amigo Georgier.
eis lettende Vertreter bats 2 denerdle, swat Haler° end einige
la Range niadriger eteb.ende. Pater dice& Denten betandat eieh
einer, der goweeettea geassisoken Degiontbre, der von den Dettmehe(
wieder tan den Bolecheedaten Stargegengen war, seta MUM:tar.
Pamillenneme lit aRIGOLASM= trPterrevidwur414 Str int
goon Ober elle &se, sow: Igte-georgisoher Stationalitdtp.die
ateht repatriiert Bind, orientiart mut night sseettolies In mom
VerbindImg WU' geOrCisohen. bolaahweisticahew Agent= in Densteele.
Thud.
Th Osterreteh arboitet Ter die Treischewisten der dun. sow. ast•
Isapr goarmsormsz (roma Ito ,4 3 p ).
Dee Havvtzentrant der georgio•kantasisohen Agent= des MD
befindet sioh in Perla. Seine Miami betinden Isiah in Dom.
Genf, Madrid lind Stambui•

41 -

• wa•••••••• • ••• • ••••••••••••••••••••• • •••••••••• • •.....

I
• 1 R. • • • • .• /.• /
:
I6
PacfoTali,1516 auctaa ravaaa - amarpax: oa I'm:manna

A 1. • i
a00443 nannTyan gun fepaama odxspreusoos, BTO riryzattotozil ",kep6rmAyur
aTar onrawarmsannurt s Eepuaue B 1943 r. rex:al:mu rear= ma Pymsouor-
sou JR-oetXeurepinavnra Gun LAnTancom rueaAou doassesammet aresTypa.
. Bo mule masaamaro craft =ORA no apOecorm muuepcaur a rmeay- 1..•••
Maair WICKAMAKOANAOAByAB OBOUMU rmazaftarm corpyau :arm Larannou
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- 1 CI .1=1 IL- 1111


IL
1 1_1 1_1 ___1
P If
k •.

PT ,
FIELD NO. : I-IYQ/SuBB:3
1017
OFFICE OF ORIGIN: F

REPORT MADE AT: DATE: PERIOD COVERED: MAD:: BY:

SC 1 C 22 July '47 Current

SUBJECT: partner STATUS:


on Nicolas GVINADZE, Member of Soviet
Legation, Bern Pending

" „

• I •

REFERENCE; M513 .459 , siAsB--13a, .x4918, .1111333-613,- 44s11-649.

SOURCE!)
I• • )9) -
SYNOPSIS OR BRIEF REPORT: )-t1

• 1. GVINADZE comes from the same village. as Marshal BERIA and


.'it le BEhTAl s protection which helped GVINADZE to advance to' his
Present position. GVINADZE is reported to hold the rank of major
. in the NKVD. .
• ••
r\ 2. Ma Switzerland, he has contacted Michel KEDIA, Grdgoire
vv.. 1N, AIERrDZE, and Khariton This contact was established
_0HAVICHIL4Y.

through Arcadi . WEISSENP=7 -6Eer of a small fruit store in Geneva.


t,
,„.
3. GVINADZE also sees Vladimir VELIKOTIff-GARQIA.whom.':.SOUrce.
reports as part of the entourage of 1Z -6-M.1C- the Spanish Pretender..
Further VELIXOTNY-GARCIA is 'described as German agent in Turkey aad.
Bulgaria during the war but expelled. from Turkey.. a Soviet,'not
German; agent•- •
. . . ••
. 44' GVINpAp.is approaching the Georgian emigret as a patrio-
tic and: sentiGeorgian who is homesick for his country and his.
mental
.awn . lan&age. • • . • •

DOMMENTS: : KEDIA is appearing in several different lights today.


.. P. ource::,suggested onoe that KEDIA was still in control of a for-7
mer bls ahain - in•Spain but:waa lInCertain . whether he was today..
working . for . . theRIS,'.BIS.,:ar . what.... In the meantime, KEDIA •
continues to live peaaeftillY.in SwitZerland.
• . , •
BERIDZE has left . Switzerland with his wife enroute for Tangier.
From there they plan to migrate to South Amerida. BERIDZE.made
.a trip to Spain and North Africa two months ago. -Before he .
left, he visited the American . Military Attachd's•office aud the:
AF.'00^WC1-1 • RV.
EVALUATION: C-3 •

DISTRIBUTION:
Washington (2)

Files (2)

C
-2- liag7
8Ecp.,..z7. FE.. 3

Commoroial Attaohd's - office, announcing that he was making the


triy,to investigate some mine interests in North Africa. The
,Frtnoh-are still . very interested in B.

WEISSENFELD or WEIZENffELD continues to run hlis small fruit store


on Quai Mont Blanc. The store is a very small place with an
assortment of wines, stale ohodolate bars, slightly old fruit
and Other odds and ends. WEISSENFELD is short, stout,- bald, and
wears glasses. He is always dressed in a dirty l ‘blue, Russian
tunic and when counting out change counts aloud in Russian.

SECRET
s
o arronno roam t:o,

Office Memorandum UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

TO . Richard kielas DATE :


8 Oct47

FROM ,i r ...1 2 re;'. C.

SUBJECT : , S-Wise- traces on personalitiee mentioned in ISID 1862 DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED BY
r , • CENTRAL I.NTELL 'BENCE AGENCY
Os'i ,- ...
SOURCES MET1100S EXEMPT 1 ON3B2B
NAZI WAR CR IMES DI SCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006
Of the various personalitias mentioned in RID 1862, only BILIIDZE and
• •
ONIAKIDZE are said to be operating in Switzerland, the latter as a courier between so

Paris and Switzerland. "COBAKIDZIO in carded by the rrench desk under ROSA/MOSE, AB A/

has •
Georg .. (Gitegoire or Gregory) BMIDZE itsconszsztniadandzsztleft 'Switzerland;

tindheF;-arrived . in Barcolona . by plane fro= Genova on 5 July 47. There have


Fl
recent reports . that he planned to emigrate tO South America; that he was seeking
. '(ue '&20,#)
a permis cox isj. Surlin 6panish Morocco for himself KEOIA end friends; that he was

working for. theiritish.. Out of aLl . thio . confusion, thW:one..feCt.that.appearod:cortRim

was bin departure from . SwitierlaMdt : BERIDii, A 'Georgian Whosmmsalth . camo from

numerous'petioleun•and benking-doila;,.had.temU'livine:ii . SWitkerlMmd foriems . yearZ. .

The Fronch . cOmmunist press and:thwAi VOIWOUritierall if . Genova


. aie out in ay it thin
. ." .• • .

•year against: continued . sojeurn in Switzerland of flundesirables n like Subject and • .

KEPt (.KEDIA, .Subject's friend and associate is another GeLolian; ha worked for the- •

•Geranns during the var . and has . a -long bad record. Re reportedly . saved Subject from
:the.Germini : during the war, in return for which Subject hae . been . fianding
t him ever .since.. • .

It is not knein what effect Subject's ' departure: fr. Switzerland will have on this arrange- .•

•mint. Subject reportedly )tas. deposits in SWitzerland .: stn and Turkey . .

( _•• CS itAVY .

AA__ ;7:7 .1 CL Q9ML A:V+V"'.

1/4-4.4,t, 1/t44L... AAD.Ar-r‘—

a—v,* • cxtu—a,q,L otP: Me )116


EgiDzE,
It° a 6 H 4,9,5E

oZP,C1
OFFICIAL DISPATCH
DISPATCH NO 44.0.1216--
SPECIFY AIR OR SEA POUCO

S O1ET
CLASSIFICATION

TO : Chief, Foreign Branoh DATE: 13 October 1947 . -


FROM : Chief r • ---"n DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASED BY
0 -7 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
SUBJECT: /
GENERAL. i •

8OURCESMETHODSEXEMPTI0N3B28
snmnc.. lotivitiee of Gr6goire BF,RIDZE
NAZI WAR CRINESOLSCLOSUREACT
•Sou.toet *.
• •• .•.

. . •• 0AfE 2001 2006 0
• . 1. BraTI ZE WELB reported to have left Switzerland. enrcute
for Sptnieh gorocat, Source row reports that BERIDZE is An
Barcelona Where he is Working with a group of British indystria-
. 1iste on the exploitation of iron 'mines in Spanish Moscato. It
was through these'British industrialists tiv:t BERIDZB. put XEDIA'
in touch withEtWBIS. 7F.DTA met with friends of BEBIDZE in
LaUsanne-the first week 'of October and is reported to have re-
turned to Geneva very bitter towardithiZ,British.

. 2. 1:.SOUrdt!o group in:Munich-have stated that BERIDZ:3 is


also inVolie&In traffic) Of'ime.: - As yet it is not known for
whom or tO whom BER3DZE is selllng the aria. One theory As th0
they are intended for the Orient where.they will be used by
'Soviet ocintrolled groups. Another is'that:tha arms are for the
.International Brigades, Also itthould.be takeninte.considers-
Uon-that.manzE and;L4DU . ttill.have: Many Contacts in Turkey
and the trms*might'be intended for ihet coUntry.:. , -
• • t • . '

. 3. ;SOUrce believes- that a Geergian•friend,Of!f"."12Dp.whe


opencd'a.reLteurnmtin Madrid in 1945 an4 who ia . ttill'in con-
taot . with-%D,eiaments in Spein t is donnectea p ith BERIDZE's.
present. 1,:f:elradeurCt . is txving to 4-AerMine this man's Annie.
tv,; y ol : . :as to find- eat-More about 12S1v.present
. .
• . • • • •
Distribution .
• 71.1ell

• V:

Fe( , E7

T
FORM NO. ,4
APR i947 '"."`" CLASSIFICATION • -- •

13ociv . •

R-16

0 FFICIA
v i- Air P°110h _
SPECIFY AIR OR SEA POUCH .
SECRET SE. C RE-1.
. • -
CLASSIFICATION

21 October .4.
3.t.:, ,- ..,
.. TO . Chief, Foreign Branch LI DATE: „

Chief 1.-- ' nktt' i


.fRO M :
••
so. '
/1.01/ ii.2 H. ,, :
ECT GENERAL .TIC*'.' / ..
,
SUBJJc...
• .
4,r./ *.". ,i ! . •

•.
spEcinc• jiggiDNE ang.,...g.rAg.PLU, . P.iirg....L1;.E—,
r ... ,::.
• / •
': Ref '; ::, 7aph-':;C01-6;;T:7742;:-:_lie id ::Ca.ble,::1.80e 7,7
s

/ /4-14° 4.,:, ?
' Sourcke:: ::-E ] ', :: C. 3 ,-
'• e■A41 -~-7.--1-777— I) c t E , - -:. : 9
NOTE I
1,' .i17
- ,id .". A (..a I.. 114.44a ... ' ,

li zi 4.-••
1. ' WitVrtference to the information in He d Cable No. , egrtin •:',':-
Grêgoire ■B.C.RliDZE andl l:OBAHDZE, we her/ntb. forward a summary of that:
. cl• latest ormation • nt_ lreceived_ on the e;ptivities Of the two.
-KOBAHIDMr Geor gian . Cousin' of :1,liehel IMIA; related to
closest collab- • :
:.- • ...:: GUEGUETCHKORI.44 During the war ,e'' was one of UDIA's .
. Ge-r mans. He has recently become open131.
:,;::_t'i,-.... ore,tOrs : in 10EEDIA' s work for t e

s,-,C, ...";:l • ro 7s'Oviet. and is now . editi a Pro-Soviet :newspa p er in France: i•,...,,, r a 4-

11.; 5 ' TVINADZE; member of the So let Legation, Bern, visited Paris,-K0,
. •

for GITINADZE -1- o .meet M21:I.A. in



• HIDZE: ", •pciii-eacteCi him and arranged of 12_,, b* ha,
2 syiitz.erland...kfThis Story
•• . cOntr:::0. '-.'..Le-i-e--iiEDIeel, erpion
i in 'Arke.difiTSIZ11.1.1FELD'VdelicEr
: . Pened to meet : GVIIiit ZS • ac cident-411y - • .. . _,-- - - - Lip:
as a' fellbw Georgian .,. struck.
_ aii.gtut
- essen and, recognizing GVINADZE 4:'
'Et. cow .wiie
_ ix,(el::
• ad quaintano e a hill' ..KOBAHEDtE..med,:.Stiip. in '194 6-..atm
to ftio s- i,i2..
W;S:zilsrj aVignANO.A4 6,
is be l 1 e y ed to have had- • *an 'interview.: With. - BERIA.;• _-_ _, lral
. -„,1,1:
9

children are .in Paris and are Compfe - teland ::3C.OW.4.W.Z1,#;Wd-allF-11IXore 17

k.../.. c 'iladame MEDIA is reported to be the :thietratise-•.:,/i4 Counselor ".:-: .:; ,11:," g
3-
. 1

l . . *:•, . 7 O:dr* L040N4' 1"


i . .

Soviet Embassy,Paris . In an'? case .:she i...7


vi Embass a, tie•enl• tiYiiit'
:
- her husband. to return to • Soviet Georgia: With 'her. k•certaiii 11;:mair''.4. .11 4
. , 1 and a chauffeur of the Cuban Embasey:, ,, Paris, -?.. :2il d:,,- k
Pierrette
'acted aa .cgurier be tween IMMIA,man • his Wil e: and koBARIDZ.E.:' • Tbrod
, 'Collaborator of .:F.Mti.:iiii:::*r1
- All Khan -CANTBIllformer lase

n learned- that the Creorgi
an Genera tTAPAREOZ4
" • ' SOUrCe,....
p France, .e.aren tly :a....:. t:
Jç (Me..;,1 or ." ner al. of t\ie KGB?) defected. i
inS.92Action tour of 2urOP e , 1=APARPzE was fl ' a
t d, time Of C . in .IA g to "11.211ITEIER..
..3.1,--i IL--LTTA... is,ccordin
." with jORDAlaA, GUEGITA\C,17....:.eigi, _,..
, , Pr e.re 4 by \ge.:
DistributiO: : , -' '
Wash (2) V C
REGII-ST-RY--.00 P_Y LI , :k
A)rove - ' .T
''-!2°1474-
. C .i.
Germ . (1) Files (a) SECI.:.E.T. s.C.,, ..:..; , ..i....
1.— .
FORM NO. ,s.28 CLASSIFICATION .99Pia''C

APR I947
- ''..-..."/:
DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASElaY
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY r,
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT ION 3B29 •

NAZI WAR CR IMESOISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006
• SECFN.C"

_French 'are closely guarainc '.2Jid'AILIDZE, who nevertheless 1-..ersta


cia .intaf.oing -(11-tact with a Georgian co:-!..1c , tr i ot DVA.F. ITALDZI,'. . The result
of the defection was ' to . u;alce -the Creoi s gian Colony i n Paris turn against. •
,•.. JORD.ClIA, GUEGUETCM:011I and KC:3411i1DZE and their efforts to persuade .
1.:,...tha•GeOrgians to join forces with the soviets.
.: ,..... -_,2 Gregoire* BERIDZE first carae to the attention of this
2. trERTI:D7)
. office in connection with ehaven ritt,te ±. :p . , lie was . re)ortedly con— •
, nected with Harold ItlialiAlili and Eugen LANGtin building up a fund for
.• the ap through foreign currency excha ge, the export of looted goods
and suragi.;:ling. He organized the smuggling of Russian platinum and
industrial diamonds and in so doing a pparently built up a considerable
fortune for himself in Swiss banks and elsewhere. . BERIDZ.E and his
er entered Switzerland in July 1944. They carried "La; Hansa'''. .
p sports when they first went to. France and in FranCe they received
French paSsr.Orts. - Iliit5 .iE naw travels on a "Taneen'passport issued
.. in Lausanne: on 4 February 1947.
BERIDZE is . reported to have adLuitted that he sun-plied the Germans
,:.. • . with complete information on: the iodation, caoacity, and lirod.Uction
techniques • of the Caucasian oilfields. He was interested in the
..Fur - Fatroleilta ii..G.'",- a black—listed firm in 'which he ho ped to
interest British and Atherican ca pital.. Th.4rench. sarvibea in Switzer—.
- ii:'have •alWays been ' interested. in following BERIDZE's activities.
liieir.. reported i• n July 1945 :`,tki.-OU'd "-the. Co7MMercia1rSeCtiOn,':.Legation, •.
.6•Va-i*,that BM.11)ZE and. EMOROGERe: ere inst-rumental in Concealing Ger— • .1;
. •triari . interests in the 3alkans and France. Thi -.6-cide7:7Wcirdell :TMBERO'' . :and. .
:•:qt_OB4E..,.:,:)..,..c,omp.c.);escl:.: of ::' -the- first; tWc; ,.:Iettera. Of bOth:.namee, ' Were , use d for
, he!pe: 16aiiiiit. :C't.i;diis.. RO GER was caught by t he • Swiss in .August 1943 ' ..
. •,-. ingl .to::Ieave. • S • tzeilan • f or. France with docuients :belonging to .: .. • C,
: .

.,..f.,RIDZE
t .and: Michel 4Q 61P-4- ° r. m
,. enian lawyer also . , . . .
involved in Safeha. ven'-:
i

w •..f.arrest,., 6.6tiV-itiea:.
. . ...17,0GE:ii talked. . to the Swiss and BER.tE was on the :verge of : :1
but he somehow either • talked or 'bought .'hia viay..out of the
.: • ::!,.. : ..3redicament. " • : •• . ••
. • :.'. - • .. • In December • 1945 i.; t'crme-r: ,p.ent.--b. 'a. •' ...• effwaa asked by .
.:r
::1]•-:...• 1 k% BERME to,.... 'investigate :a ( Turk, , -,SaChier . 'OE • • ‘. emproyee of the Turkish
-LagatiOn-, 1.14..,W.• : SOEZEN: . Was supposed . to have •• a.rrangad
• .. .. • for
. a transfer
of money from •Turkey tO . BERDZE through a Swiss we.tah firm, EBEL. ,S •
. • . It ; ..'... ' BERIDZE , . .Said , , that s0..s,Z.N!.S. brother. in Turkey . was i a banker and.. that .
• • ‘.• through the . twO... brothers and the Swisa firm a th)ntily . payment from
• BER.IDZE rs large accounts in Turkey had been arranged; howe7er, no -
. Money . had been fort hcoaiing .(3X7564). SQEZEN :gave ;'6U.r.:fOrmer s ‘5:oarce. a
. latter . to take to BERIDZE. This letter, ...:itten, in . Turkish, was
. forv.;arded to Washington for translation arid reaa as follows . (174052):
. , • "I send . yOU. my heartfelt greetings, and reassur ;,.ricas for 'fighting
-

3.

services' to to.l . tireat C:Aucasiu, al,r, wi , o--e I have been


I at in It., A

since I left you, .s. E'STELI:c34. II, too, is in<Eomel. I sent two of our
fellow.struggiers in independence to you. It is now 25 days bince .
. they . have been lost (or-they have lost them: translator's. note -
meaning is not clear) .• • Send letters only by selected persons. . Who
of our friends are there? It would be preferable not to let anyone
know where KEDIA is. It would . be helpful if you would let us have
prompt and reliable news about the activities of the (your) work.. As
to the results of our work, the news will be given you by the letters
which you receive from us."
"nurs, your little. father".

„ - Ostubaf. CLAULAT former economic head of the SD in Paris, said


ty4kthat BERIDZE waa stheClaef link in. the qerman courier service to the
Balkans, the Near East, Germany and Spain. This courier service was .
concerned with concealing . German asset and looted goods'. ,:apIDZE
',. worked almost exclusively with -Eugen al ' and Harold:IUD:SEW in ob--.
taining .and securing foreign exchange.
In February 1947 BERIDZE showed up at. the Commercial Attaché's.
Office, Legation, Bern, announcing that he intended to leave Swit.zer.
land for ' Spanish Morocco where heWoull reorganize the North African.'
Mining Co., Ltd.., in which he was the Majority stockholder._ Re. was
going to fly to re..]-3)where,he would'see Eugen(Ore sHe claimed that
•he had not seen nor been in corresoondence . with FEHEMANN since 1944.
h:. plfter . visiting Spanish Morocco, BERIDZE intended to go to ngliald and
y.-from there to ' return to Switzerland In June 1947 Vera BERMIDZE told
friendsiin the hotel in Lausanne where she and her husband lived, that
'both she and her husband were going to Tangier with the intention . . . of
. emigratihg to South America- ' - .. • • . .
. .
V .• 'Source --- ...:i and.; SOUrde .4 : _ ... jre-)orted that:BERIDZE

- had been in Contact with t'he-HritiShin - Scain and had arranged for
abEEDIA to 'make dontact with them. Anbarently. BERIDZE has been and
,71TETT is finpnCingKEDIA: 7. to the extent of. 500 . Sw.-frs...per Month.
AlilKhantKANTEMIWrepOrtedthet although the negotiations between .
KEDIA . andtheBIS .were in the embryonic . stage, nevertheless . this lirst
step : asauredBAIDZE.of financial success . (aDparentl y. in his eroloit- •
.. tion of the. . Mines in Spanish lorocco in which British-oacital was
' n interested)... C onac .'t4;*4.VT::the .- - ±itic;61..masimade by . BEEIDZE with the •
1.,0..
. support ..:.
........, o fCestac
:r.... . LsoulATo
7 7 . . -J -_LL
e3 . ac uesiSALMANOWIT4/
.7.7 has reported that KEDIA has been disillusioned and
.. diaaninted- ainCe:his first contact w . i thrthe: —... ,Briti ph . In the mean-
ts pA'”time, however., BERIDZE apl)ears to be travelling in. a . Ciztuit of ..
4 ./" Lausanne, Barcelona, Spanish Lorocco and Iiondon: The: S paniards . are
t • not , too plea2ed-by the BELIDZE/ritish oc=bination but BERIDZE seems:...
to have full:British suport. BE.1,ID3E was also'reported involved-in
the sale of . arms to an unknown buyer.
(Field Coument: 'TheFranen'are
._ . stilI-intee in all BEtuIDZF:' -.
4.11eir

., 7; •
•.,
• ::?,••
• I

• ••:.i.f(4V.14 •
• .• .

, • • '
.1 'S 4 • •

tjattJ
'.:+141
10.4". unabl . e

• ..o u great a -handicap t lime.Ver •


B's nephei) (this relationsaip has never . been
. "141:bg 1n7r73.rice and...,ra-.2arked to an occupant of the
anne, when young . BERIDZE was visiting there, that he
91 . "father's'' coUrier:between France and 'Switzerland
"aleimore imIA.'e,frequent c6t1rier service tiet,ween hig5;ifekiO3.ARIDZP) ,-

himself serves to kee p BE1,41)ZE well conneCted with France..


s. brings Up the problem of K:1111A • whatever concerns either 4

•IDZE or KOBILIIIDZE will also involve This offibe is keenly


ir- =.1
I..EDIAe

terested in any information on Ea:DIA . --.- confirmation of his reported 1.


7 n •• - ":with. the British, ..hiS contact with his wife and KOBARLDZE, etc.
4.contact
* cAl

should also like to know . if. KDBARIDZE . haS visited Switzerland


sonally.
ces:
ZE, Gregoire: r.3.K-5.64,.;..X..=-402,%'L 3 Cable 399 of 13- Novetriber, .

• C -1- Cable No. :44 of 14 January 1946; 1.:13B-1017, ItESB-1088;


.g■',


-

ONITZ, • Jacques: Described. in the PIERT/EESCATORE. inteiTO:ga


agent. Runs the "Societe Generale •.de..:S.arV.Eaillariati:OlAgb."‘„
, ,.
eVe.,;i3. • :large:. transport insurance busineths . viith.:*iiihaidiart_ .--
eirtheastern. Europe.- : Provided the AmeriC. azi-::. d,OnSUlate.,.,Geii6.k4'i-
tiga*sien; Bern, • with.eacineMiC 4.nf ortaation":. during the var. Ve
. , and . has .. • contributed
. Milchs. to help,' ; .J14i0.
-
contributed to the I"Parti • de- Traiie.iRILN .,

461e. off 16 :May 1946, Cable 48 of 20


of 18 JulY.::1:947,::/..7 Cable 266 of
'Of:• g§. .

••• '
. • • '


.• . .

. .
• •
• • .•-•.
• 7.t•Ai••

•*<:.;
SECRET
IN1ELLIG7.:10E R-11,1.'uRT B-1314.

Switzerland
IDE,t0FILNIED
COUNTRY
1.63
SUBJECT KEDIA's Thesis and Offer 24 Nox. .r
. 1947
.", to 4.7 DCPORO. SER.: g-Tro
-1-rembej,71947
- ' DISTRIBUTION: &1204'n
ORIGIN Bern I . i Files (2)
Germany (1)
EVALUATION: F-0
SOURCE: :1
06'
1. KEDIA recently approachedwith an offer or plan
to work together (along intelligence lins4 - making Turkey the base
of operations. The purpose of this cooperation is to precipitate the
inevitable War between the •USA and the Soviets.. KEDIA
-reasons in a three hour conversation ancLthe-following
re§ume. of the conversatioh:

KEDIA expressed his 'opinion that our Ukrainian.organiza-


tions, •he.trilogy (OUN-BANDERA, UHWH, UPA)vere guilty of a crime be-
caUse ho order.was _issued to the UPA to lay down their arms and KEDIA.
Considers all of our efforts useless, in the general fight 'against
BolsheVism . as well as for the common Ukrainian caueeand even more use-
less for . the . victims of this partisan warfare, in the East...He said: .
'I have not -committed this fault because I ordered my'men to stop fight-
int.and . not to die futilely for "les beaux. yeux des Anglais . et des
Americains" He also reproached the. Ukrainian organizations for hav-
ing kept. the Displaced Persons in a . state of emigration and for having
prevented . their return to. the USSR: . Hesaid: my'com7
patricit,.STALIN',. • has alreadyWon • pert of EUropei•: The Anglt . Saxons-
have,abandoned the continent to himbeciuse . one cannot 'oppose STALIN
with Sue/I.-things 'ab the MARSHALL Plan. In a fev/ . months. from now the
Soviet troops will.occupy all of Germany and the DPs.will all . be mas-
sacred. jf.these DPs return voluntarily to the USSR,'it is definite
that 80% of themwillbe • deported . but at least 20% . will . be given their -
libertY kna allowed to pursue their lives in peace. In order to save •
the 20% it . ia:absolutely necessary to immediatelY ceasa.this futile•re
.sistance.tO'repatriation!...:,KEDIAcited,aS i an example the group oL,73
Georgiani:frOM . Paris,'headedjbyeGsnerallSPIRIDON,.:vhtlef t for Soviet .
few .dayrgio..:KEDIA.saidthat the . . anti-TOTatieik'T'Struggle •
shoUld be ' conducted . along different . lines.and . that the poor.unfortunate'`.
emigres whose . pertitipationcannot possibly have an effect , anyway,
should not be involved. The necessary . goal cannot baattained except
'indirectly . and through provocation. It is nOtikpOrtant today to:
organize armed .resistance in the Ukraine . or Poland:, however, it is .
important lo cease using. the•politital Smigrants . frOm . the East as an
instrument of organized fighting. Also it is important to find or to •
create : the causes for an armed conflict. KEDIA cc:insiders the de GAULLIST
success in France and the Rightist in Englane . a *catastrophe because •
these successes will reassure the Laericans who in turn will relax their .
,
DECLASSIFIO'ANO RELEASED BY
CENTRAL I NTELL I6ENCE A6ENkY„ C f )P Y:
SOURCESMETHOOSI1E1.1P'TION3B-ni"-R-ET
NAZI WAR CRIMESOISCLOSUREACT
DATE 2001 • 2006
_
3e.cRET -2- MSB-1314

war preparltions and on the other hand will frighten the Soviets who
will beco:Ae more conciliatory and esecially more cautious. Therefore, .
it is necessary to work for Communist successes in Prance, Switzerland,.
Spain, Turkey and. Greece; in other words in all countries where America
has an interest. The greater the Communist success is in those countries,
the sooner the war. These facts must be faced. It is inevitable and
sooner or later the real acrugje against Bolshevism must be joined and
the support of the USA and England sought. KEDIA . is Certain that anyone
who participates in these. pro-Communist provocation activities will find
Immop-e.
muala favor with the Allies than those who a a farouohe manner, remain
faithful to their principles and continueto be anti-Soviet. The leaders•
of all those people who are fighting against the Soviets: Caucasians, ..
Ukrainians, Poles, Germans (KEDIA puts the latter in the same group),
should participate in this provocation plan for it alone can assure suc- •
bess and :a .fUtureto Eastern and • Central Europe.".

2, KEDIA then .continued to say that if he had sufficient funds, he • .


would retire to a South American country. and end his days An peace.
However, he qualified this nostalgic statement by saying that his
was .a vicious circle and he could not escape the work in which he had.•
become 'involved ao he was forced to continue it. With that opening- •
UDIA proceeded to explain that he already had a . good fOot-hold in Turkey:
and there he could recoup financially. The chief obstacle is poor liai-
son; his lines into that country now are insecnre . and.were developed
merely through force of necessity.. .Now KEDIA is trying to direct hia
groups through his friend and colleague,Sandro MENAGARI but he, KEDIA,
is worried about losing control of the operations. .
• • . • • • •. . .
.3.. KEDIA indicated • that . he would be . willing to trust F....
to establish contacts, to organize the transmissiOn.of money'and Ttn
.develop the controlling headquarterS . in.Turkey.:-Ifnecessary, the,„
Turkish base would be a Ukrainian one. XEDIA thinkathati..._
as 'a jOtirrialiat' i could travel if it were necessary. Be told y- •
that • thi“Orkwould heighten the Value of-the Ukrainians in.the eyes:
of the English and Americans and that the real work, provocation of en
armed . conflict'between the Soviets and the USA, could be.accomPliahed.'
. ___. • . .......,..,..,
.. ...4. . KEDIA-in'the meantime has not bee4..inactiVe: _-_... ,....
ported that
that KEDIA was.expepting Ruslan . beyITUtAT; Caucakan • Turk and: . '
compatriot Of Ali. KhantKANTEMIR; to bring him 1800 . Swiss-franca from
Turkey as.well as detail's on formerIEDIA men who have gonabver • to the .. .
S oviets. , Rusian bey TULAT had the misfortune to • be killed . inthe ac- .
cident of the Swedish airplane near Athens.. ' • . -- :, .
. • .. . - , • • A.
5. The Courier between , KEDIA, nis . Wifeanit03ABIDZPis one• . 4.. —•
EGGY
phonetic spelling of the nate). He i s a.Cauaasian working as a Chauf7
.feur for the Cuban.Minister in Paris. Apparently EGGY is doing a thriV=.
ing . busines::.in smuggling money between Paris and Geneva. ' With KEDIAYs . .
aid, BERIDZE, , William . BARRAUD, Arm i k DJAMALIAN, Geneveae lawyer •BILLY, .
have all used EGGY to carry money, etc. EGGY will not carry less . thai r• .
C R ET -3- J4SB-1314

50,000 french francs and demands a lO commission. He is willing to


smuggle papers and otner items for the price of 500 Swiss franca. The
person ta whom the money or packet is addressed in Paris'will be . noti-
fied by a "pneumatique" of an. address where the packet can be found, .
EGGY himself refuses to have direct contact with any of . the people for
whom he smug4es packages until he has been reassured; in other. words,
the operation has to have been performed successfully several times
before agree to deliver the package persoaally.

. 6n William BARRAUD, who is utilizing EGGY's services, JA the 'CA


husband' of an ex-mistress of both KEDIA and DJAMALIAN. ArmikyDJMALIAN
was one of KEDIA's former collaborators in Germany. He headed the
Armenian group and came to Switzerland with-KEDIA in April* 1945. DJMA-
N)iLk. AP. ' s wife is an Armenian Roumanian and her uncle is Roumanian Consul
.G neral Through this uncle, DJAMALIAN was permitted 'to enter
Franca. •DJMALIAN has been thrown'out . of his 'own party,the DANA
Party now headed by General DRO in. Munich . . DRO considers DJAMALIAN to
be . a Soviet agent. DOAMALIAN admits to working for his Uncle, the •
Rumanian Consul General in-Paris. In Geneva he sees.KEDIA; Mme. BARRAUD,
hi s . ex.-Mistress; tne lawyer BILLY; and BARRAUD who is ill,, This whole
group is interested in a' smugglingdeal concerning watchesand gold.'
EGGY is their courier and DJMALIAN-came to Switzerland
• with EGGY.

'7. Andre BILL.ris KEDIA's law yer and:appears to, be deepiy:involved


2with the whole . Georgian Group; F 7;V,'i:frOM.SoUrbe men- .
.,tioned the name of BILI as a Kominforth Centre Technique . agenz-and this
might have been:a , reference to the . Genevese lawyer BILLY though'there
have been . no previous reports on him.. . .

•• 8. . .P2, reported on other item on . KEDIA:' one of


21W:eUt •,;:SoUrdes-encountered KEDIA one evening_in . the Oafe./.
.Marlette; Geneva... This ..cafe is next door to the shop Of.ArcadigWEI.LEN-1
KEDIA was paying ardent court to . Mme. ROSSI, ,. proprietress ed.....
he Cafe Marlette. During the course of theeyening.heexcused himself_
and was absent sc long that'IZdecided . to find him 1?2disbovered. KEDIA
inthe corridor which runs between . WEIZENFELD's shop and the Café . Mari-
ina • heated conversation with NE T ZEN ,7ELD.::(was not sean.by,the''
two and he Overheard •enough-of the conversationO gather.thatKEDIA. was. .. •
expecting . a paakageOf some sort'and YWEIZENFELD. was asSuring . IdDIA that
: nothing had arrived'... KEDIA returned : to theiable in'a Very nervous state'
,and, :started toAl;pcussIthe weather and • similarAopics.- •
: ' ' • /- -
,J 4-* J•claims that WEIZEKFELD is-part of'a chain run :by
Bort P .OPOIF, BUfgarian . Charge d'Affeires•in Bern, -which runs frOM the
..Balk s . to Iparie . over Italy and Switzerland.: Behind WEIZENFELD'S•shop
a . small . corridor which connects with the Cafe Marlette on'one side.
'and theGlacier . du Mont-Blanc on the. other. Ordinary' customers ,enter
WEIZENFELD's:shOp frOm the front l . which faces . oh the . Quai Mont-Blanc.
The more important visitors meet WEIZENFELD in this 'corridorwhich can
be entered from:either . of . tha-cafes or the.rear. It is difficult to
N

:•••••
• 'v •, • •• .• MSB7-133.4-
• ,


- ... 40xridobecaUse there is no:on entsible/eason for lingering
-ere7,. dii-Yir.i . KEDIA and at another time, leg-man for Ek=
Polish Legatiol, Bern, have been seek talk ng i to .WEIZENFELD in this back
corridor. ‘ . ( s. ' ) •
/.
1 --. ;: . •
,. •

fFIELD COMMENT: The. case of KEDIA..ie becoming increasingly om- • .


la
plicated.. KEDIA is renewing old contactsd.certainl iy not dropping
any new ones. He is in constant touch with, ■BERIDZE ri- Spain, heA.Ike-
wine communicates with KCBAHIDZE in Paris an evidently there is d
..,-AryAe . connection with his people in Germany... We are suggesting.toL
:3that he agree to cooperate with KEDIA and perhaps fintrbut
k what the lines into Turkey and the Balkans may be Although we believe
.:. -iiiekk. . ayill_keeP. us informed of ,any developmentsi_wet '..:•
.V-
.. ciiinilniied.that i -- _I is the ideal person to a penetration -A.-
▪ iingdWs operationsi. but at thG moment we have no choice, . Itfptetont-. ) .
.int .t/WaboVe'proposition-to 4: • . li_tiw.I.T is - a Very good . ppOei- *1.._
' biiity.Ahat . KEpiA-is well aware of r 1.'s connection with the
• AnWritans4 In that case it Will be interesting tofind out why KEDIA. . . 1
.A.#4. dpenting such an idea for American consumption ..:_Be may .have'lit4fi.'
.... :(*geaisappoitited in his reported contacts with the BIS .. and is tain!fa.4
M'z' -tqz;ths4Amerioans: again in
an effort to get _financial tacking for his ,..
,sa,m15tun s. This should . come out if C .1 agrees to.conaiderthe .
45iidR,4ilion.. .In that event KEDIA . will probably-ask for money ainbis.:,.:
.il...'f*i.4V4s known, KEDIA's Only regular source of income now is BERID7,E-
it/WiiiOWs him 500 Swiss francs p er month, not a sufficient sum to-;:ptsi
kMitai;roperatione:- . If KEDIA does not ask for money, the situati6n-i.d.
1 . belipita;more interesting-and complicated.) . - • ' •'. : : ' ''.- ',44

.y.,L •• .;..,-*.:5.:' ' ' • :. • . _ - :• ' • • ..,•


. • • •

/
)B– 1316-

i; TELLIC.12CE REPORT
C-

COUNTRY: Spain/France/ DATE


I. Switzerland. Info: 3G_Got.„1 4
-'-.
' • SUBJECT: Further on. BERIDZE and Diet: (15 Nov 1947
ICOBAHIDZE REFERENCE: MS:B-1210r BISBL-27(
ORIGIN: MON: We.sh p
•L.: Germl)
EVALUATION: 0-3 — >Files (2)

a established. himself in Barcelona. He has taken an •

• apertmedCand haa hired as 000ka young Georgian by the name of


PALAIACHYLLI worked as a sort of errand boy for ICEDIA
:
in Berlin during the ware BERIDZE travels a . great deal and goes fre-..
• quently to . Tetuan (Spanish. Morocco) and occasionally to London. He
•has made contact with all the former German friend_s of ICEDIA who are
in Spain and . :partietaarly with. Eugen. LANG4C-P-44--
.
.• 2. German_indu.strialiSt, - 9 a.' friend of ICEDIA. and en-;:ered .
we.7.—
int& biz-Rife:4re negotiations With: BERIDZE in 1942. • 'upon ICEDIk t.a reghaost. .
.
LANG was * a niember.Of VI and. was: also a class ftiend of ALMERTRI,T, •

Von MENDE. and Friedrich BERBER... Together with BERIDZ.E and. Prince .
VACHNADZE., LANG carried .on several deals, from which the profits were .
to finance the Caucasian. group.' in GertaRry. In April 1945 LANG was • •
. reported' by Kxpu to have fled to Spain with approximately fifty- ,.• '

. ,
u 1 ll ona Of ICEDIA ots to have an interest in this money.
LANG 12as invested the money in several businesses and his latest
venture is a pan and. pencil firm, the direction of which lie has • •
Offered to : ICEDIL.
. 3. •( Mere.) Vers7\13ERIDZE rethrned on ' the 25th of October to Geneva .
from Spain . for a viaiL She brought. with her a large' package or
..letters ror•ICEDIL but to his disappointment no money; was ineluded..• 4

4. BERIDZEta comPany,.yy.-r_S• oci6t6•MiniAre Maretaine" • of :Tangiers, rr


n
has been reported by ( totir6e5r• .1 to have a large accOuAlrin. one
of the bigger banka in BeSel. Qhite often considerable Sums are •••
.
transferred from:Tangiera to Basel and recently. a .very large transfer
was • made. from Tangier to Paris. In connection with BERIDZE,
3 . : reportedtbs.t. an emissary from -the Soviet Enabaseyk
. .
_

had visited . SWit zerland in May or June 1947 with the proposition that
:
ICEDIA and. BEREDZE. • work for the Soviet IS
rraz. that so far it has not been possible to •
dete
determine whethe i i4
?!7..?
. !DE has visited Switzerland However,

DECLASSIFIED AND. PriE4,51.1tRIZT .


CENTRAL INTELLIBENCE AGENCY
SOURCES METHODS EXEMPT I ON3B2B
NAN WAR CR IMES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006

tot1BEZDIG lammed for
' 1.1a 1445 for ZOBAHIDZEh
4 come to Switzer -
,
If KffAis :
.402Ym...1. 1;. fdaram. ANGHES was with KOBAHED2E about Christmas of 1948A76
(ANGHES'was . known'to - C: when both were students at the
Sorbonne. ANCHES waa a brilliant light in the French Communist Party,.
In Ap ri1.1941 tC Z' took , A.NGH.ES into his apartment when the
'latter escaped from a Vichy prison, Zhen t :L= Illearned that
ANGILES was one of the Parisian editors for the clandestine paper
"L'Humanitó* and was also the leader of Several Communist cells in
the northeastern suburb of Paris., Aubervilliers, Pantin, Bobigny, etc.%
7, . ,..ANGHES . father was shot by the Germane with a group of
hostakes in 1942. Pierre:ANGHES married a young. Hungarian Jeviesa
whom he managed_to infiltrate into the "KOmmandateur" of Paris as an
interpreter. T hrough' his wife AFGHES received valuable information
which he communicated to the French CP.. At this periodAlipHES passed
himself off as a professor of German which was, in fact, his pro-
fesaion, .
8. After_ the liberation of France, ANGHES reappeared as a member
ef:Mairicii.THOHEZ t Cibi net e rilligaS has 'always had close connections
• witb. theCjOLLÈT —CIELTA family and it has been learned that he took
part in the conferences held by'the directing committee of the French
ca, on the dangers of the atomic bomb.
Traces: LANG, Eugen

.• - t. ,•;•:
COPY OF CABLE OUT 55913
WASH 0160.
12 dc 47

TO: A INFO: -1 HEID


RE MB-1-314

• HAVE YOU CONSIDERED POSSIBILITY KEDIA AdTUALLY 17ORKING FOR RUSSIANS AS

SUGGESTED BY:ERI• TISHI AND *IS PLAN DELIBERATE PROVOCATION TO SEE HMI

AMERICANS WILL REACT ? WE FEEL KEDIA SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN ANY MONEY.

■■•••

. D
ECLASS If IED AND NEL
CENTRAL. 4.NT tA SE. D:E1 Y
E.LL .
.sauktEs .1 DEW .A6 ENCY
METHODS EXEMPT I ON.1.82B
NAZI NAR.C.DIMESDIS.C.LOSURE.ACT
DATE • 1001
.20."06

. .

2
E.: mt.,/ axes '
1 uf 4 : .-
12 Dec 4'?
COPY OF CABLE

From C IN 30983
Action FBM 17 Dec 47

To Wash,.Info .if li, Held, ,C

1. REASON FOR POUCHING DETAILED INFORNATION ON KEDIA's


ACTIVITIES IS THAT WE HAVE CONSIDERED LIKELIHOOD HE IS WORKING
FOR SOVIETS, HOPED RECEIVE TRACES FROM OTHER STATIONS TO HELP
US IDENTIFY AND CLARIFY KEDIA's STATUS AND IS ALLEGED BIB CONTACTS.
2. NO PAYMENTS TO KEDIA UNDER CONSIDERATION. RE PARAGRAPH 5, WE ARE
CONSIDERING PLANTING MONEY WITH COURIER EGGY FOR PURPOSE OF IDENTIFYING
CONTACTS.
3. ramp BE INTERESTED IN BRfTIBB REASONS FOR CONSIDERING KEDIA RUSSIAN AGENT.


DECLASS IF I ED AND
-RELtASED BY
CENTRAL IN -TE
LL•16ENCE AGENCY
SOURCES MET HODS EXEMPT ION3B2B
NAZI WAR CR 'MEM S
CLOSURE AC.T
DATE .2001 20D6

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3
(tiger

SECRET
Source,
e.Souree. N A.ME:KEDIA, flichaol Date of
"Date of KOEHLER, Uchael Info,
Info. ALIAS % BERTIMT, Michael
•ICHAL, M.
DESCRMION: ADDRESS: (last known) 19 8
Weight: Re des Granges 1,
.146KA,46S88 Height: 61 (*t am, Switzerland
Eyes: dominating
H a i r : sparse reddish, cropped short
Complexion: ruddy
Spec, features: large nose, lonr face, rerular features

_
Date of Birth: 23-2-02 •'1E6M4T.UP •
Place of Birth: Tiflis ."Comfortable income fr
Documentation & Citizenship: snail yoghurt factory
• which subject founded
Nationality: Georgian •this father-in-law, Pani
FAMILY BACKGROUND: Father: director of the Surete
Georgienne •
Uncle: Spiridon MEDIA, well-known nationalist leader, at one time
Chief of . the Security Police of the Georgian Government.'
Cousin:-KOBAKHIDZE, Konstantine

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROWD: Speaks Russian, French German

DECLASS IF I AN0 RELE .A .SED BY


CENTRAL IN ELL IGENCE AGENCY
SOURCES MET .100S EXEMPT I ON3B2B
NAZI WAR 'CR .14ES DISCLOSURE ACT
DATE 2001 2006

PREVIOUS CW,R Became active poiiticallY n' 1916 when he joined


a nationalist Georgian youth' orranization.. 1921 : left , Georria with
family; stayed 15months in Istanbul, then s went to Keidelburg wher
'studied national .economy.. 1924 went •k Paris where his lived.
d.
e and father-in-law founded a srall yOghurt factory.'
192':/ joined the youth orcanization of the 'ationalist Party'(unde
Uncle 'Opiridon);'1937 became a meLlbor of ccrroup of Caucasian na-
tionalists and was co-editor in Paris of .a O aucasian journal issue
in 'Berlin (BAKilia;

STLR7T
SFDR7T,

3eurce IrTELLIGENCE ACTIVITY: Just nftcr the L erman occupation of iaris


Date of in 1940, was contacted by GIS on recomendation of ACELETELI. Coln
info. • The Germans considered subject the nest active of the ueorrians
-and thus, he became for then the leadino, fiEare in. Caucasian
affairs and Georgian intelligence activities for the most part
centered about him. The sole basis of his cooperation with the
Germans is roported to have been a promise to help regain inde-
pendence for the various t'aucasian nations; used his influence
later to save the JORDAPIA rovt. whi7h had, on behalf of GeorEian
declared war on Germany, Lithuania, and Russia; also allegedly
saved Georgian Jewish community in Paris. In Vlarch 1941. began
recruiting personeel-for the TAMARA project. KEDIA's HQ remained
in Paris (Ave. Sully-Proudhomme) until the outbreak of Russo-
German hostilities, when he moved to Bdrlin. In summer of 1941,
succeeded in ditsolvinr Rrince Irplly BA2RATI0N's Cormittee for
the Liberation of Georgia which was more or less supported by-
RIBBEETROF!. Established a Gauceaian General Staff in 1942 and from then on
cooperated with. both Abwehr-and Amt. VI .
• - • . •

C. 0711tOTS: Good friend of:JORMTUA, though is both' anti-Socialist •


and anti-Marxist and 'considers Yenshaviks . resportible for downfall.
of•Georgianindependenge.' . • • S• •

Through Caucasian journal: ALIBEXOFF (azerbaijani),.DJAMALIAN(Ar-


menian),..Ali KAMM (daghestan),BAYAT, ACHMT.',7ELI •
Major MAXART,'Pabor RAUBACH, Captain RAECEACHER,..Col. EEFGELEAUPT,
Lt.. Col. von BRApENSTEIN, GRJARIS, LAHOUSEN, LORINGKOVtN,- Lt. 1

HAUTFE,.Lt. Col. GRAEFE •

./..USCELLAI:FOUS:
37CRT •
7.
...a5ource I"TFLLIGEFCE ACTIVITY: Summer of 1942 flew to Istanbul where con- Key
Date of tacted MiRESHVILI @ BERIK (Gharged'affaires JORDAFIA Party) and Coding •
• Info. DJAKELI who waa in direct contact with ZAENUFGER of German Na
Attache's office, and sent BMSEVILI to Georgia for info on the
timeliness of a possible insurrection by the Georgians against
Russia. In Sept. he flew to Stavropol to contact Caucasians in
German Phr camps. 1942 became head of the aPPELIN project called
Unternehmen Lainz, in which he directed all the political pene-
tration work, through small groups of agebts crossing the Turko-
6eorgian frontier, KEDIA passed weapons, propaganda material and
sabotage into Ruusia and in rotnnn obtained cuantities of
material for uso by research depts of the ZEPPELIN project. Used
old Menshevik contacts such as DSAKELI, MENAGARI (allegedly a.
doublo agent for the British and Germans) and ERKOMAIGHVILI, an
old leader of partisan warfare. This group, :limbering about 25.
were members of JORDANIA!s Party and were set up most17.- at•the': •
• Turkish . frontiem with both Turkish and Russian Identity cards. TI6
• Turkish ponce were informed of 'their identity and tolerated the',
under an agreement with KEDIA. InAugust 1944 when the break came
' Turko-German relations, KEDIA's was the only German
Or German sponsored group allowed to operate in Turkey. KEDIA'S
• Turkish group 'was put under the control; of Abwehr II field unit:
when, the ZEPPELIN project disintegrated in 1944.

In addition to the Turkish group, MEDIA was' aldo connected with
the ZEPPELIN project for Georgian aFents in Berlin. The organizq-
tional set-up was as fellows: Three main groups operated in.Ge
rgia, .eabh mainatining contact with thesdifferent . base-statiOns •
through . ccurier or short-Wave. Group leaders w re:
' a. KROCHVILI in harteli province. ''ad.rndio contact witi.
a station in Brachov, Rumenia • directed by BARAFIDZE
.b. ERKONAICiralLin 6Ouria 'P rovince. Had controt with a
. station on. the Turko-Hussian border conducted by 1.2NAGARI
• . c. NEBIERIDZE, near Tiflis. Conducted a station in Frakow
NIoCallAgRg bISTROVSKI and later also under GUAMARbZE. This .
. • . . •station also served teams operating ir the Ukraine.
The cipher work was certralited in B rlin . inder TS01.:AYA. when t e
Turkish station received a message, which was seldom,. MEDIA wen
• persenallY to got it: This was done partly because: those messarls'
were considered inpOrtant and partlY .because they provided KEDIA
with an excuse to go : to:TUnkey where he was developing.contacts with.

' the Allies.. In 1943 inIstanbul, KEDIA was in, frequent contact •

with NURI.PIASHA, representative of a very influential Turanian


• group: they agreed that the Hitler policy towards the Eastern..
• peoples was' obviously imperialistic and 'upon his return to Berlin
KEDIA• decide' to disentangle his political Activities from . •
German polic y , hut playinp.along with themes long is Abwehr..
• friends would Stand up for hiM. Sendinr WINAGARI to 1st. vas
1i4Sennofficer with the Turks was a Step toward making hirse
independent of Gemman sup port. After sab:l ect's attempt to
'Persaade Hitler to chanae. his Eastern policy and. 'acknowledge
the Caucasian rovts as leaders of their people had • failed, •
sub'ect asked 'to be allowed to resign but JIORDANI dissuaded hi.L.

Z:7

SECRET
Source, NAIS:
Solire(
Date of
ate oi
Info. ALIAS:
.nfo.

DESCRIPTION: ADDRESS:
Weight:
Height:
Eyes:
Hair:
Complexion:
Spec, features:

Date of Birth: INCONE SOURCES:


Place of Birth: •
Documentation & Citizenship:

Nationality:
FAILY BACKGROUND:

EDUCATION BACKGRCUrD:

PREVIOUS CA4ER'

s'SECRET.
EGRET

KEDIA Obtained permission to estsblish the Kaukasischer Verbindunrsttab


and from this time on, after ZEPPELIN disinterrated, concentrated
primarily on ssvinr PHs, helpinr peasant emigres and aiding Calle
workers. Directly subsidized b y theCermans, the Prop!) wet divided into
four sections: the r eorrian, the Armenian, the Azerhailant and the
Worth Caucasus. Not primarily an eapionare or sabota ee rroup, it •
served as a' recruitment pool for subiect's other proiects.

In the fall of 191,3, sUbject planned and attem pted the "Ceorrian
Cloister Plan"to exploit the immunit y of the Vatican to the
edvantare of the GIS. Because of rersonal disarreements, mutual
suspicion of members, the plan failed.

In June 194h, sublect strain fl a-w. to let to confer with NAGY BET,
DRIAL BET, and HURI PASHA ss to how the Cauc-Comm could open neroti- .
ations with 'Western Allies. At the same time he refused to sanction
the integration of the VIatawr Army and Cauc Legions and formed the
"Committee for Peoples Subjurated by Russia" which included represent-
atives of the Cane, Idel-Ural, Krimtaters, Turkestan, Ukrainian, and
Byelo-Russian peoples.

In April 19h5 subject with three of-the'Caue. Stab went to Switzerland


throurh the aid of SKARZHINSKI, a . young'reo emirre working for the
Amer. OSS Switzerland contacted him there. .He talked ea rerlY about
his work and-three days later appeared at the Consulate requestin r that
the Amer intervene with the Swiss who were planning to .interne him.
In exchanee, he offered the use . Of . his intellirence ndigork.. This
offer Was .not 'accepted for lack of-Information on subiect's activities.
His internment was postponed until mid-19hb, but he was released in
'October, fakinr illness. He was . bein- subp orted by.BERIDZE, Whom he
had saved from the Germans at one time This relationship is one.
wh ich led to sus pected connection With , the'RIS, for BERIDZE.ind
another PODOTICHKO were reported . atststants to BAKHTINEwho, as
CoMmertial:Attache of . the . SovEMb, Paris, saw te . transfer of funds to
the .Brench Comm Party.: It is not - iMpostible that 'subject is.beinr
financed by the Soviets throU c h BERIDZE:

It-was . allered • at this time that sub i ectwas in•eontact:withSoViet


ISthrourhlt...MDIVANI and TCHARTISHVILI who had worked with the .
Verbindunrtstab durin r -the . war, and Appointed by the Amer to work as .
Soviet 'Repatriation Commission Officers.after - the war.' When the
• Soviets arrived, ' the two lieutenants were kept on, but eventually.
were. returned to. Soy ibt controlled.territOrysnd reportedly.were'
executedi'_. The'pOssibility exists that-theyr RIS :trent!! and.that .
the.exeCUtion story was faked..

Further inforiation.has . claimed that sub'ect was, accepted by the Soviet


I.S. as their principal agent' in Switzerland, threurh intervention of
MENTETCHKORI and KOBAKRIDZE.. .• •

• .
In 19ho and 19h7 there are further reports. of • KEDIA8s possible •
connectionWith the RIS. ALCHIBATA in Oct 191i7 said the reo'felt
•subiect *as. workinr for Soviets because-of wife's influence. She in.
.'of was reported itnffluenced by KOBAHIDZE, KEDIA's-cousin and editor
. of p ro-Soy. newspa-er'in Pnris. ALCHIBATA retrActed'statemenb • ln 1Ph8.

Sub6ect . is listed as informaht drop-'ed . without Pre A rdice on 1 Dee L8


ET.,COli list. •

SECRET

7-77
, • *".,
• ;• • '44 :
r, ,1 • r ! /
r5:1.
ntilZ
.4
•• .N Ty. At
a -
?Isi g t)
11. g
ti 5.: • sj7 Aifxi
.:4L•1 tir4 a..41 &...41
1-

!t• 44. (!•'.4 •4 •• tl fri • • • - • •
op -1375 1

C.
11T
2/c)
COUNTRY: Switzerland DAM;
SUBJECT: e, Pierrette BE1tT1AND- Info: Sept/No1947
N11:TIM3 and Jai° hel Uts.e.aji_dei Diet: L7 January -1918.
. /1 DIST: Wash (2 ..)
ORIGMN:
Filed (2)
EVAL : . C-3, Documentary
• .jee- )6=41 . g.

IT 16
bW 2.
..--SOURCE.:-•:.• . 3 4111-
C
. p , R . 1, . ,
. 47.

:... • ..
9f1A4 --tr
, 5 - i i.g
e . 14
7 3 . .

1. . Pierrette N.i34XCENZ3 was born in -1 11.i'l 9 . 26 December 1916, of a 7

' naturalized French father of lielgf,an origin . and a Dutch mother. • ,


She . taarried . Claude 4.Y., TIZA1:in... November . .1939,: . - :.; he h.as . a diploma of.
:. •

science . and literature and, in addition, Completed two years of .

. medical studies for which sho . .recelved •a teachers certificate as a


psychoanalyst .. and teacher of. abnormal children. She did most of
her work at the Sorbonne and has been self—sUpporting . since she was >-• >- co• a-
18 years of age; :3he ularried 1.312.1iT:tAND during the war but ims never 00 C-) C,1 C.-,1
= CO st
• lived' with him, . . 1=3 O./ C•7 I,"
LAJ Z f=
Gra CD
2. , During the war he was teaching . the outskirts of Paris and in •Ct
sl[ 0 =
.-...
CO
helped to.. coneeal French,' Americans, .nglish ..and Poles who were es-
. .
1-1-1
....i
Ic.:j
3 '1;7
.- 'M
....1
LIJ
• caping the Germans, . In' ./lay 1943 she went to : Seurde ' a p a. i t m a n t to . • s . CI= = it C-I
LAJ Cf)
•save some doCuments . when..S. O .UrCe. was being sought by the Germane,
... :
= — LAJ GI CO

The apartment was watched and Hue. .3.:,.11TIZAN j• was forced to, fide. from . 9
-.:( _i . cn cra
_., cr Lai
CI •
C=I

Paris as a result,. : .She went to GrenOble . where. she joined the Polish
. . C=' 4J .....
. c=. =
Lio O•••• .= ..■..
group*. . On .29 4ugust..1943 . Shewas .. . brought into Switzerland bY' the • . , • :

La:. --- LAI co, . •
oo •

2olish Lt, ..'Aiinisla's OPIELA, . The Swit.30' . were 'about to refuse her - ..
0 •
— • 7r
• cr e=t .
ex> J ,Ln " .
. the*. right of a oyitim. as a French citizen when' source intervened with .. ;
cr,
oc

. the .consent of AlexAnder UULDOS, then 2olion i 4 .iniSter to . Bern. - Mule.. . .


—1 0- tie —
c-21•4 O-

• BERTI1AND ..was 'introduced into • Switzerland . as E. t ,.:.:. wife and she . • W iya
t...1
•dC
Cl)
remained as such until 13 Apri.. 1946, . She wae Supported by .the. ' •
: - •

polish Legation and (.1 . 1d -iolunteer. work for the Swiss • lied Croce aid
.'.. to Children.. ._ . • . .. •,• • .. . . •• : • . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .
.. 3. .. '•'. .44.bout the time of the German *caliitulation.,She met Michel • .. -

. KILDIA an.d
, --,---- . . becatzie his Ili stress, . In April 1946.- she left 'Switzerland, . :

still. travelling as 3 . . e. wife and returned immediately under her


. C . i .

. : .own name in order to live with .11:141)1A , -October 1946 she left again . • . .

. . for Paris to take t.qi a .teachinc; position, .but left that to return .

•to Geneva in :.arch 1947, . . .. . ...


.• 4, , .:•:.;.;.1;17,• itas -t aed.. ! ime, BEItTIL...:;''. Lta ;: courier between Geneva and
. .

.1 8ria. • Be .t‘ipen O tober 1946 :,:ai; ',.L1 i) .. e-aber 1947 she ' Dade seventeen .
,
p 4 ,

• I C.. .( •-• ' .


Ng; cRortLe!AES:).
1

f7::::. rl 1 SS i. 74L
a-51.4

1)158 •315
2,
.7--',OREI
CONTROL
trips'Ior hi. ' In Pavia uhe saw .1;14. a wife, 1:EDIA's cLusin
KOBAIIIDZI;, and :WGY, chauffeur for th ,. Cuban Legation, .he ri*ortta
that the papers she curried were always written in Georgian which ohe
cannot read, •
5. Although 'nine, 3'...TLAND ham •given 4Uree to believe that she
ia trying to break off her relationship with KEDIA, sho. has not done
so to date, .;I:DIA is urging her. to a position with theONU.or
ILO in Geneva wherc . she would be of coneideruble use to him. The
reason for this auneuver is apparently to aid 1:EDIA in obtaining an
"I;merson" . passort wnich is issued upon the recommendation of the IRO
by the country where a stateless perscn resides % This passi:ort en-
ables-the stateless i,,Irson to travel andto . return to the country,
Avhich ' iseued the passport without haVing. to have . areturn visa: :
The passport is 'valid for two years.. t ' Present laDikis . a political
refugee' without any'papars and is not:nllowed to leave,theCanton._
of Geneva, . . . 1d .•
t .6. .nDIA is most anxiohs:to 'lake a trip . dpaiii , t6' ..donfer
:Bugen LANG and theGeorgian'Dato InNAIS.CHVIL If The'latter,
Lag to lime. BaThA. ND, is very active and dur ng the last six Month . . iw
! .
has visited London, Damascus', Jerusalem and stanbul.' Also le•
.Present at t conference.in-Spain arei BE4/1)Z,E,..Eugen,LANG, RAMIC1VIL1
Profeasor NO IITD13, ENGELUAIRT; ALUCHIBAJA .(TZOMAJA),IYANIT:=-*
INGUILO and a, representative froM 'Paris. KtDIA ia_not.dertain
the latter will bp.. On the 26th:of:DeceMber
LANG in Barcelona by teiephand: LANG told him-*:obiain a paasport
in another name.: Gr fagoire . tERII). U'and.LANG hava:ProMised,KEDIA*
a Spanish . visa of . indefinite-iength iihacan.Procuretbe::ne.OerrY
. pasaport .-to leave JWitzerland K4DIA'does not-Want-tO.::Ieave.-:'.:
• Switzerlaild.permanently : and therefore . 1.6 . tryihgto'get papers which
will enable ' llim'te'Maintain i3witierland as his'base'..
6, .AttaChed.is a copY . of a . latter ' Which Mme,' BERThAND typed .
for 'r:ED14, _When she anted about the identity. of the EL1LE to WilOd.
the . letter . is addressed, kEDIA evaded the (ideation bydaying .EMIW . ..
.wad . a friend of his oand ' of I3ElaDZE,' The letter. Was'carriedfto
Paris by It 1lit;in:.i:=0, 'Ukrainian of . 45/50 Years, Who:iehow . a private. .
chauffeur . £'n Paris, TAlENKO has been carryingson the courier
.service between 24is and 'Geneva during ;GOT . ' a illness. . FARApENX0.
. brought letters. for LEDIA as . well as eoMe foreign'ourrency to be
.deposited to D.I.AIAN's account. : • Me spent-Christmas week in Geneva...
Yield Covuent It w:ts :.5.tsestedtOrceWhenhecriginalIr ..re-
Portpd . o::1 that she in used to penetrate more . teelay%in-
t0 the Gocircidn activ_ties in .Geneva, ,,ftex 66vora1 re:.orte on.
3.

R(Th L •
--
her, it has ... seemed impracticable to push ...he . matter for two reasons:
a) *jourte's Obvious emotional attachment to Lime, BaTi ' I—. and
herofto KEDIA,
b) Lack of. information as.to whether Mme, 131:1TRAND aay. be
• working for the, •rraor still for the':Poiii:61S‘;
We would . appreciate any information on Urn, .BERTRAM:i a VIEtr-"..
time aotivity ,. and : possible ...traces On her . Connections. with. the

ylotis today, •still very much intereSted in ilailDZE3 •
•.."... n has, upon Several occasions, asked if we had any •in—
formation on him,_ Therefore it is posuible.that BERThAND is almeady
. being used by th.e.I to keep track of BELLI= and KpIA.
As is Ovl.dent from the letter, IMDIA is keeping his contacts:
in .Turkey . al‘ve .through . nis friend- gENAGARI. We should . also . like.:
' . tiaces on- the latter and his actiiities in Tux . •key•-.

Traces:
BERMZE t .Georges: ,. M2r.1316, 1;13B.A 7-274i.
EGGY: /1013 77 1314 I
.ENGELRALTPT : or RENGELHAITrzli Probably id/w Erich HENGELRAUPT, Chief
• • of. Referat • va/c/z (Zeppelin E.'eferat) at one time and ' reported to
14' , 1[EDI IA's 'Closest . contact in that Referat; Reported to have fled
to vitier/and with KOTA ' at t he time of the German defeat. See
11418. 0 '*..054. A9 3-45:is and : •
113DIA, itichel,. id*2.011,. ',1008 130 1316r•i314 • •
11:0BAIIIDZE: s MSBA-274, 4s/31;71316 v.
; LANG4 ::• Euken:rrfASBA'274,..14.$13.71316f .: