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VDOT

Simple Span Steel


Through Truss Bridge
As-Built Model Only

November, 2011

1
 

Virtis V6.2 
 
DETAILED EXAMPLE 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT 
 
AS‐BUILT MODEL ONLY 
 

  Page No.
Cover Sheet  1 
Table of Contents  2 
Bridge Information  3‐5 
Material Properties Input  6‐8 
Beam Shapes  9‐15 
Impact and Factors  16‐18 
Superstructure Definitions:    
         Truss Span  19‐29 
         Floorbeam Member Locations  30‐31 
         Stringer Group Definition Geometry  32 
         Floorbeam Definitions  33‐41 
         Stringer Definitions  42‐46 
         Trusses  47‐58 
         Floor System Geometry  59‐73 
Bridge Alternative    74‐77 
Rating Bridge and Review the Output  78‐89 
Completing VDOT LRFR Rating Form  90‐107 
Appendix A:  Design Plans  108‐116 
Appendix B:  Panel Point Load Calculation  117‐123 
Appendix C:  Additional Self Load Calculation    124‐130 
Appendix D: Live Load Distribution Factor Calculation  131‐133 
Appendix E: Rating Factor and Tonnage Calculations for Truss Members  134‐141 
Appendix F: Rating Factor and Tonnage Calculations for Stringers  142‐150 
Appendix G: LFD Rating Form  151‐153 
                             

2  
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

  VERSION 6.2  3 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

CREATING A NEW BRIDGE

To create a new
bridge right click
on the folder
where you want
to save the
bridge and
choose New →
New Bridge.

A new window will appear.


Fill in the fields as
appropriate under the
Description tab:

Note: The description box


is a good place to show the
plan number used to
analyze the structure.

Template: Template
bridges serve as templates
to help develop other
bridges.

Bridge Completely Defined: Check the box if the specified bridge is completely defined within
the Virtis/Opis database. Do not check this box if some of the structures making up the bridge
are not in the database.

BridgeWare Association Button: Opens the BridgeWare Association window allowing you to
specify this current bridge as a Virtis, Opis or Virtis/Opis bridge and also to link this current
bridge to a bridge in the Pontis database if Pontis is installed.

  VERSION 6.2  4 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Description (cont’d) tab: Fill


in fields as appropriate.

No input required for the


Alternatives, Global
Reference Point, and Traffic
tabs. Note that the Traffic tab
requires input for a LRFR
rating. However, current Virtis
capability does not include
LRFR rating for trusses and no
input is required. Left click OK
to accept and close.

For all Windows:

OK button: Saves the bridge description in this window and its tabs to memory and closes the
window.

Apply button: Saves the bridge description in this window and its tabs to memory and keeps
the window open.

Cancel button: Closes the window without saving the bridge description in this window and its
tabs to memory.

NOTE: It is strongly recommended that the user save the bridge data at this time. In addition,
the user should routinely save the bridge data during the input process.

Left click the Save icon and the Bridge Validation window will appear. Left click Continue
Saving to finish the save process.

  VERSION 6.2  5 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

SELECTING MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Expand the Materials folder.

Double click Structural Steel to open the Bridge


Materials – Steel Window.

Copy from Library Button:


Opens the Library -
Materials – Structural Steel
window, allowing you to
copy a set of structural steel
material properties from the
library to this window.

  VERSION 6.2  6 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click the appropriate


structural steel properties
and left click the OK Button
to accept.

Left click OK to accept and


close.

Repeat the process for Concrete.

Double click Concrete to open the Bridge Materials –


Concrete Window.

Since the deck is a corrugated steel floor with asphalt


surfacing and is non-composite with the stringers, only the
density of the concrete for dead loads is needed.

  VERSION 6.2  7 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Name: Asphalt Filled


Corrugated Steel Deck

Description: Asphalt Filled


Corrugated Steel Deck

Density (for Dead


Loads): 0.1442 kcf (see
calculation below).

Left click OK to accept and


close.

  VERSION 6.2  8 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

DEFINING BEAM SHAPES

Expand the Beam Shapes folder and the Steel Beam


Shapes folder.

Double click the I Shapes folder to create a new beam


definition.

The following I shapes will be added:

1. W 12x30
2. W 18x55
3. W 12x50
4. W 12x26

The Steel I Shape window will


open

Select W Shape as the Rolled


Shape Type.

Left click the Copy from


Library… window.

Select W12x30, which will be used


for the stringers, and left click OK to
accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  9 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click OK to accept and


close.

Double click the I Shapes folder to create a new beam


definition.

The Steel I Shape window will open.

Select W Shape as the Rolled


Shape Type.

Left click the Copy from Library…


window.

  VERSION 6.2  10 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Select W18x55, which will be used


for the floorbeams, and left click
OK to accept and close.

Left click OK to accept


and close.

Double click the I Shapes folder to create a new beam


definition.

The Steel I Shape window will open.

  VERSION 6.2  11 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Select W Shape as the Rolled Shape


Type.

Left click the Copy from Library…


window.

Select W12x50, which will be


used for truss members, and
left click OK to accept and
close.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  12 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Double click the I Shapes folder to create a new


beam definition.

The Steel I Shape window will open.

Select W Shape as the Rolled


Shape Type.

Left click the Copy from Library…


window.

Select W12x26, which will be used


for truss members, and left click OK
to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  13 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click OK to accept and


close.

Double click the Channels folder to create a new channel


definition.

The Steel Channel


window will open.

Select American
Standard as the Channel
Type.

Left click the Copy from


Library… window.

  VERSION 6.2  14 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Select C12x30,
which will be
used for truss
members, and
left click OK to
accept and
close.

Left click OK to
accept and
close.

  VERSION 6.2  15 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

SELECTING IMPACT/DYNAMIC LOAD ALLOWANCES

Double click Impact / Dynamic Load


Allowance to open.

Left click the OK button to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  16 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

SELECTING FACTORS

Expand the Factors folder.

Double click LFD to open.

Left click the Copy from


Library… button to open the
library data for LFD factors.

Select the
appropriate
factors and left
click the OK
button to accept.

  VERSION 6.2  17 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click the OK


button to accept
and close.

  VERSION 6.2  18 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

CREATING SUPERSTRUCTURE DEFINITIONS: TRUSS SPAN

Double click SUPERSTRUCTURE DEFINITIONS to


open.

Select Truss System


Superstructure and the Truss
Floorbeam Stringer figure. Left
click the OK button to accept and
close.

  VERSION 6.2  19 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Definition Tab:

Name: AS-BUILT
Truss Span

Description: No
information required,
but user can input
additional information
or assumptions if
desired.

Default Units: US
Customary

Number of main members: 2

Main member number of spans: 1

Main member configuration: User can select Deck, Half Deck, or Through. For this example,
select Through.

Number of stringers: 4

Stringers frame into floorbeam: Since the stringers bear on top of the floorbeams, do not
check the box.

Number of stringer units: 7

Span Length: This input is for the centerline of bearing to centerline of bearing distance. Use
98.00 ft for this example.

Member Alt. Types: Check the Steel box. (Only available option)

  VERSION 6.2  20 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Analysis
Tab:

Factor Override: None selected. Factor Override allows you to override the System Defaults
library factors with a set of factors that have been entered for this bridge only. Factor overrides
will remain when files are imported into future versions of Virtis. Unless factors specific to the
bridge are required, overrides are not recommended as they can prevent updates to System
Defaults in future versions (e.g., legal load SHV factors in the MBE).

Consider structural slab thickness for rating/design: Check this box if the structural slab
thickness should be used to compute section properties for rating/design. If this box is not
checked, the rating/design will use section properties computed from the total deck thickness.

Consider wearing surface thickness for rating/design: Check this box if the wearing surface
should be added as a dead load. If this box is not checked, the rating/design will not add the
dead load from the wearing surface.

No input required for the Engine tab.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  21 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

DEFINING LOAD CASES

Double click Load Case Description


to open the Load Case Description
window.

Left click Add Default Load Case Descriptions to apply default load cases. The default load
cases include dead load (DC1) acting on non-composite section, dead load (DC2) acting on
long-term composite section, dead load (DW) acting on long-term composite section and stay-
in-place forms acting on non-composite section. These default load cases can be edited and
modified as desired.

  VERSION 6.2  22 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click the OK


button to accept
and close.

  VERSION 6.2  23 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FRAMING PLAN DETAIL

Double click Framing Plan Detail.

  VERSION 6.2  24 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Layout Tab:

Main Member Support Skew

Skew: 0.00⁰ (for both supports)

Main Member Spacing

Member Spacing at Start and End of Member: This is the input for the centerline of truss to
centerline of truss dimension. For this example, input 15.614583 ft. Since the deck is not flared,
this value is valid at both the start and end of the bridge.

Stringer Spacing

Stringer Spacing at the Start and End of Stringer: 3.666667 ft. for each stringer bay. Since
the deck is not flared, this value is valid at both the start and end of the bridge.

Diaphragms Tab:

This example does not have diaphragms. Therefore, this tab can be left blank.

Click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  25 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRUCTURE TYPICAL SECTION

Double click Structure Typical Section.

Deck Tab:

Superstructure
definition reference
line is: Select within
the bridge deck from
the drop down menu
since the
superstructure
definition reference
line is at the
centerline of
roadway.

Distance from the left edge of deck to superstructure definition reference line:
6.791666 ft. (13.583333 ft / 2)

Distance from the right edge of deck to superstructure definition reference line:
6.791666 ft. (13.583333 ft / 2)

Left edge of deck to first main member: -1.015625 ft. (This value is negative since the
through truss was selected.) (15.6145833 ft – 13.583333 ft ) / 2

Left edge of deck to first stringer: 1.291666 ft.


[13.583333 ft – ( 3 spa. * 3.666667 ft)] / 2

Note: For this example, six decimal places are used for the input. User can you up to a
maximum of 6, but does not have to use that many. However, a consistent amount of decimal
places should be used for all input.

  VERSION 6.2  26 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Deck (Con’d)
Tab:

Deck concrete: Select Asphalt Filled Corrugated Steel Deck from the drop down menu.

Total deck thickness: 5.375 in.

Deck crack control parameter: This field can be left blank since the deck is not composite with
the stringers and is only used for dead loads calculations.

Sustained modular ratio factor: This field can be left blank since the deck is not composite
with the stringers and is only used for dead loads calculations.

Note: Since parapets,


median, railings, generic
barriers, sidewalks, or a
wearing surface is not
present on the bridge,
input for these tabs is
not required.

  VERSION 6.2  27 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Lane Position Tab:

Left click the Compute…


button.

Left click the Apply button.

Left click OK to accept and


close.

  VERSION 6.2  28 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: User can view a schematic of the typical


section by right clicking the Structure Typical
Section and selecting Schematic.

  VERSION 6.2  29 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM MEMBER LOCATIONS

Double click Floorbeam Member Locations.

Left click Floorbeam Location


Wizard…

The Floorbeam Location Wizard


window will appear.

Left click the New button.

  VERSION 6.2  30 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Start Distance: 0.00 ft.

Number of Spaces: 7

Spacing: 14.00 ft.

Left Click OK to accept and close.

A floorbeam still needs to be


placed at the start of the structure.
To do this, click the New button.

Floorbeam Name: Floorbeam0

Reference Distance: 0.00 ft

Offset: 0.00 ft

Note: The offset is the length


between the Reference Distance
and the Location.

Note: Even though floorbeams


are not located at the abutments
as shown on the plans, fictitious
floorbeams must be placed at the
beginning and the end of the
structure. If a floorbeam is not
defined at each panel point, Virtis
cannot analyze the bridge.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  31 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRINGER GROUP DEFINITION GEOMETRY

This window allows the user to define how many


floorbeams support a stringer group and the type of
support between the stringers and the floorbeam.

Double click STRINGER GROUP DEFINITION


GEOMETRY.

Stringer Span Lengths


Tab:

Name: 14.00’ Panel

Number of floorbeams
that support this stringer
group definition: 2

All floorbeams are


perpendicular to the
structure definition
reference line: Yes

Stringer Support: For this example, select Simple from the drop
down menu. The user can select a simple support, a cantilever
support or a simple, offset support. See diagrams to the left.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  32 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

MEMBER DEFINITIONS: FLOORBEAM DEFINITIONS

Expand the MEMBER DEFINITIONS and double


click FLOORBEAM DEFINITIONS to create a
new definition.

Select the material. Steel is the only available option.

Select Rolled from the Girder Type drop down menu.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  33 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Description Tab:

Name: FB1

Floorbeam property input method: User can either select Schedule-based or Cross-section
based. For schedule based, the user defines the floorbeam in terms of a profile. A beam shape
is selected and then defined over a length. For cross-section based, the user defines unique
cross sections and then defines the cross section over a certain length. For this example, select
Schedule-based.

Additional Self-Load: User can add additional self-weight to the floorbeam either in terms of
kip/ft or a percentage of the beam weight. This can be used to account for bolts, splices, pin and
hangers, etc. No input required for this example.

Analysis Module: Only the BRASS ASD and BRASS LFD modules are available.

Default Rating Method: LFD (Virtis cannot analyze a truss in any other rating method).

Floorbeam Length between Main Members: 15.614583 ft.

Input for the Factors, Engine, and Control Options tabs is not required.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  34 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM DEFINITION LOADS

Double click Floorbeam Definition Loads.

The user can add additional


load to the floorbeam other
than the load from the deck,
stringers, etc. that Virtis
automatically applies. This load
can be applied as uniform,
distributed, or concentrated.
For this example, no additional
load is required.

Left click OK to accept and


close.

  VERSION 6.2  35 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM INTERMEDIATE SUPPORTS

Double click Floorbeam Intermediate Supports.

This user can define


additional intermediate
supports for floorbeam
members that span
between main girders. The
main girder locations are
considered to support the
floorbeam and thus
intermediate supports
should not be placed at the
same locations as the main
girder locations. For this
example, no additional
intermediate supports are
required.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  36 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

DEFAULT MATERIALS

Double click Default Materials.

The materials
initially shown in
this window are
correct.

Left click OK to
accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  37 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

SELECTING IMPACT/DYNAMIC LOAD ALLOWANCES

Double click Impact / Dynamic Load


Allowance to open.

Standard Impact Factor: Select Standard


AASHTO impact, which is the default
setting.

Left click the OK button to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  38 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

SPLICE LOCATIONS

Double click Splice Locations.

The user can define a


splice location in the
floorbeam. However,
there are no splices
for this example.

Left click OK to
accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  39 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM PROFILE

Double click Floorbeam Profile.

Shape tab:

Left click the


New button.

  VERSION 6.2  40 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Shape: Select W18x55


from the drop down
menu.

Start Distance: 0.00 ft.

Length: 15.614583 ft.

Material: Select Grade


50 from the drop down
menu.

Since there are no top


or bottom cover plates,
the other tabs can be
ignored.

Left click OK to accept and close.

***Since the top flange of the floorbeams is not laterally supported and there are no web
stiffeners, the input for the floorbeam definition is complete. Based on the plans, there is
only one floorbeam definition required.

  VERSION 6.2  41 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

MEMBER DEFINITIONS: STRINGER DEFINITIONS

Double click STRINGER DEFINITIONS.

Select the material. Steel is the only available


option.

Select Rolled from the Girder Type drop down


menu.

  VERSION 6.2  42 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Description Tab:

Name: S1

Stringer property input


method: User can either select
Schedule-based or Cross-
section based. For schedule
based, the user defines the
stringer in terms of a profile. A
beam shape is selected and
then defined over a length. For
cross-section based, the user
defines unique cross sections
and then defines the cross
section over a certain length.
For this example, select
Schedule-based.

Additional Self-Load: User can add additional self-weight to the floorbeam either in terms of
kip/ft or a percentage of the beam weight. This can be used to account for bolts, splices, pin and
hangers, etc. No input required for this example.

Analysis Module: Only the BRASS ASD and BRASS LFD modules are available.

Stringer Span Lengths: Select Associate with Stringer Group Definition and select 14.00’
Panel from the drop down menu.

Default Rating Method: LFD (Virtis cannot analyze a truss in any other rating method).

End Bearing Location: User can enter the distance from the centerline of the end bearing to
the beginning or end of the stringer. This value is used to determine the total length of the
stringer definition. Leave these fields blank for this example since the stringer supports were
defined as Simple for the floorbeam profile.

Input for the Factors, Engine, and Control Options tabs is not required.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  43 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRINGER PROFILE

Similar to the Floorbeam Profile, input for Stringer


Definition Loads, Supports, Default Materials,
Impact/Dynamic Load Allowance, and Splice
Locations does not need to be changed.

Therefore, double click Stringer Profile.

Shape Tab:

Left click the New button.

  VERSION 6.2  44 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Shape: Select W12x30


from the drop down
menu.

Start Distance: 0.00 ft.

Length: 14.00 ft.

Material: Select Grade


50 from the drop down
menu.

Since there are no top or


bottom cover plates, the
other tabs can be
ignored.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  45 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

LATERAL SUPPORT

The user can define the top flange of the stinger definition as
laterally supported along its length. According to the plans,
the stringers are welded to the corrugated steel floor at every
corrugation. Therefore, the top flange can be considered to
be laterally supported.

Double click Lateral Support.

Left click the New button.

Start Distance: 0.00 ft.

Length: 14.00 ft.

***Since there are no web stiffeners, the


input for the stringer definition is
complete.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  46 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

DEFINING THE TRUSS

Expand the TRUSSES folder and double click


Truss 1.

The Truss Input Command


window will appear.

All input for the truss will be


in this window.

The user can check their


work by left clicking the
Verify button.

A window indicating
warnings and errors will
appear which will direct the
user on which, if any, input
needs revised.

Clicking Verify at this point


will result with a window
stating, “Please enter truss
description…”

Left click OK.

  VERSION 6.2  47 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The user can view the Virtis Truss Command


Language User Manual and the Virtis Truss Method
of Solution by left clicking the Help icon when the
truss input window is open and then following the
links on the help window.

  VERSION 6.2  48 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

  VERSION 6.2  49 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: Beam designation needs to match exactly the names specified in the Beam Shapes.

  VERSION 6.2  50 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: Each input is separated by a space.

  VERSION 6.2  51 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: Each input is separated by a space.

  VERSION 6.2  52 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: For this example, an upward force was placed at the end supports since fictitious
floorbeams were placed at these locations. The stringers rest directly on the abutments rather
than a floorbeam. These panel point loads will not be initially known.

To get this information, analyze the truss once with 0.00 kips for the panel point vertical load,
follow through with the load calculation in Appendix B, and then insert the result into the truss
input command window.

  VERSION 6.2  53 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Note: The additional self-load will not be initially known. Rather, analyze the truss once with an
additional self-load of 0.000 kip/ft, follow through with the calculation in Appendix C, and then
insert the calculated distributed self-load into the truss input command window.

  VERSION 6.2  54 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click the Verify


button to verify the
data.

Several warnings will


appear as shown, but
they are all commands
that are not necessary
for this example.

If any errors appear, the user will have to revise the data before the truss can be analyzed.
Errors will indicate the line number. Line numbers can be viewed by clicking on a particular line
of the input and viewing the lower left corner of the window.

Left click Close.

The input for the truss is complete. Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  55 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

At this point, the user can view a schematic of the truss to help verify the input.

Right click Truss 1 and left click


Schematic.

The
schematic of
the truss will
appear and
can be
compared to
the plans.

  VERSION 6.2  56 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

LINKING TRUSSES

Both truss lines need to be defined. For this example, there is no deterioration and both truss
lines are the same. Therefore, link the trusses.

However, if the second truss line had deterioration different from the first, input for the second
truss would need to be repeated and modified as necessary. In this situation, the user can copy
the truss language from the truss input command window from Truss 1 to Truss 2 using the
following process:

1. Open the truss input command window for Truss 1.


2. Highlight all of the information.
3. Hit Ctrl + C to copy the highlighted information.
4. Close the input command window for Truss 1 and open truss command window for
Truss 2.
5. Hit Ctrl + V to paste the information from Truss 1 into Truss 2.
6. Modify this information as required.

For this example, double click Truss 2.

  VERSION 6.2  57 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Select Truss 1 from the


Link with: drop down
menu.

Left click OK to accept


and close.

  VERSION 6.2  58 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOOR SYSTEM GEOMETRY

Double click Floor System Geometry.

This window allows you to assign stringer group


definitions to stringer units in a floor system
superstructure definition. All stringer members
have a length of zero and are located at the
start of the superstructure prior to entering data
in this window. Once stringer group definitions
are assigned to stringer units in this window, all
stringer members will have a length and location
as specified by the stringer group definition
assigned to the stringer unit.

Include floorbeams in unit


references Checkbox: Leave
the box unchecked since
Floorbeam0 and Floorbeam7
are fictitious as the stringers
rest directly on the abutment.

Virtis will still calculate loads


and distribute them
accordingly. However,
Floorbeam0 and Floorbeam7
will not be included in the
rating results.

Stringer Group Definition: Select 14.00’ Panel for each stringer unit.

Unit Referenced from Left End of Superstructure or End of Previous Unit: Select Left End
of Structure for Unit 1 and End of Previous Unit for all other stringer units.

Distance to Stringer Group Definition Workpoint: Enter the distance from the reference point
selected in the Unit Referenced from… column to the work point of the stringer group
definition. The work point of a stringer group definition is the intersection of the superstructure
definition reference line and the first floorbeam of the stringer group definition assigned to this
unit. For this example, enter 0.00 ft for each row.

Mirror Group Definition: Select None for all stringer units. Refer to the Virtis/Opis Help screen
for situations when mirroring is useful.

Include in Analysis: Since all stringers are to be included in the analysis, check each box.

Left click OK to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  59 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRINGER UNIT LAYOUT

Expand the STRINGER UNIT LAYOUT folder.

Double click Stringer Unit 1 Layout.

  VERSION 6.2  60 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Ensure that all the boxes in


the Include in Analysis
column for each stringer are
checked

Left click OK to accept and


close.

Repeat for Stringer Units 2


through 7.

  VERSION 6.2  61 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRINGER MEMBERS AND STRINGER MEMBER ALTERNATIVES

Stringer Members are automatically created by Virtis


based on previous input.

Double click Unit 1 Stringer 1.

Ensure that the Include


in analysis box is
checked. Otherwise, no
input is required for this
screen.

  VERSION 6.2  62 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Expand Unit 1 Stringer 1 and double click


the STRINGER MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES folder.

Since there is no
deterioration on
any of the
stringers, the
Analysis
Locations and
Loss tabs will not
be used for the
example.

  VERSION 6.2  63 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Live Load
Distribution
Tab:

Name: U1S1
(i.e. Unit 1
Stringer 1)

Stringer
Definition:
Select the
appropriate
stringer
definition. S1 is
the only
available
stringer
definition.

Left click the Compute from Typical Section button.

Note: The
LRFD
distribution
factors are not
needed since
the truss can
only be
analyzed using
the LFD
module.

Left click OK to
accept and
close.

  VERSION 6.2  64 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Expand Unit 1 Stringer 2 and double click


the STRINGER MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES folder.

Since there is no
deterioration on
any of the
stringers, the
Analysis
Locations and
Loss tabs will not
be used for the
example.

  VERSION 6.2  65 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Live Load
Distribution
Tab:

Name: U1S2
(i.e. Unit 1
Stringer 2)

Left click the


Compute from
Typical
Section
button.

Left click OK to
accept and
close.

  VERSION 6.2  66 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Expand Unit 1 Stringer 3 and double


click the STRINGER MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES folder.

Since there is no
deterioration on
any of the
stringers, the
Analysis
Locations and
Loss tabs will not
be used for the
example.

  VERSION 6.2  67 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Live Load
Distribution Tab:

Name: U1S3 (i.e.


Unit 1 Stringer 3)

Left click the


Compute from
Typical Section
button.

Left click OK to
accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  68 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Expand Unit 1 Stringer 4 and double


click the STRINGER MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES folder.

Since there is no
deterioration on
any of the
stringers, the
Analysis
Locations and
Loss tabs will not
be used for the
example.

  VERSION 6.2  69 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Live Load
Distribution
Tab:

Name: U1S4
(i.e. Unit 1
Stringer 4)

Left click the


Compute
from Typical
Section
button.

Left click OK
to accept and
close.

***Repeat this process for all other Stringer Unit Layouts (2 through 7).

  VERSION 6.2  70 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM MEMBERS

Expand the FLOORBEAM MEMBERS folder.


Floorbeam members are automatically created by
Virtis based on previous input.

Double click Floorbeam0.

Include in Analysis
Check Box: Leave
the box unchecked
since Floorbeam0 is
fictitious as the
stringers rest directly
on the abutment.

Left click OK to
accept and close.

Repeat this process


for Floorbeam7.

  VERSION 6.2  71 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Double click Floorbeam1.

Include in Analysis
Check Box: Check this
box.

Left click OK to accept


and close.

Repeat this process for


Floorbeam2 through
Floorbeam6.

  VERSION 6.2  72 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FLOORBEAM MEMBER ALTERNATIVES

The user can apply deterioration to the floorbeams


in the Member Alternatives window.

Expand Floorbeam0 and double click


FLOORBEAM MEMBER ALTERNATIVES.

Name:
Floorbeam0

Floorbeam
Definition: FB1

Since there is no
deterioration to the
floorbeam all tabs
do not require
input.

Left click OK to
accept and close.

***Repeat this process for Floorbeams 1 through 7.

***THE INPUT FOR THE TRUSS, STRINGERS, AND FLOORBEAMS IS NOW COMPLETE.
USER CAN PROCEED TO CREATING THE BRIDGE ALTERNATIVE.

  VERSION 6.2  73 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

CREATING A BRIDGE ALTERNATIVE

A bridge can have several unique bridge alternatives. Each bridge alternative must include the
entire bridge but can consist of a different layout of superstructures. The number of spans, the
span lengths, and the pier locations are defined within the bridge alternative (and its
accompanying windows). Entering different bridge alternatives can be useful when comparing
various alternatives for a preliminary study.

Double click BRIDGE


ALTERNATIVES.

  VERSION 6.2  74 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Alternative
Name: AS-BUILT

Left click OK to
accept and close.

Double click SUPERSTRUCTURES.

  VERSION 6.2  75 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Superstructure
Name: AS-BUILT
Truss Span

Left click OK to
accept and close.

Expand AS-BUILT Truss Span.

Double click SUPERSTRUCTURE


ALTERNATIVES.

  VERSION 6.2  76 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Alternative Name: AS-


BUILT Truss Span

Superstructure
Definition: Select AS-
BUILT Truss Span from
the drop down menu.

Left click OK to accept


and close.

***THE INPUT FOR THE TRUSS SPAN BRIDGE ALTERNATIVE IS COMPLETE.

***THE USER SHOULD NOW REFER TO APPENDIX B AND APPENDIX C TO UPDATE THE
PANEL POINT LOAD AND THE ADDITIONAL SELF-LOAD FOR THE TRUSS. ONCE DONE,
THE INPUT FOR THE BRIDGE IS NOW COMPLETE.

  VERSION 6.2  77 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

ANALYSIS

The file is now ready to be analyzed. The


user can either analyze individual beams
with the file open or analyze the entire
bridge with the file closed.

To analyze an individual member,


highlight the MEMBER ALTERNATIVE of
interest and left click the View Analysis
Settings Icon.

  VERSION 6.2  78 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Analysis
Settings window
will appear.
Either open a
saved template
or follow these
steps to create
one:

On the Rating
Method
dropdown menu,
change the
method to LFD.

  VERSION 6.2  79 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Add the vehicles shown in the screen shot from the Vehicle Selection list.

This is done by first left clicking Rating Vehicles in the right column. Then, left click the desired
vehicle from the left column and left click the Add to Rating >> Button.

This can be saved as a Template for future ratings. Left click the Save Template button to open
the Save Template window.

  VERSION 6.2  80 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Type LFD VDOT for the Template Name and left click the Save button.

Left click OK on the Analysis Settings window to accept and close.

  VERSION 6.2  81 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

ANALYZE MEMBER

To analyze a specific
member, right click the
desired MEMBER
ALTERNATIVE and select
Analyze.

Allow the program to analyze the beam. After the analysis is completed, the user can read any
warnings or errors by scrolling up the Analysis Progress window.

Click OK to proceed to view results.

  VERSION 6.2  82 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

To view the results keep the analyzed MEMBER ALTERNATIVE selected.

Left click the View analysis report icon.

The Analysis Results window will appear. To view a more compact version of the results,
select Single rating level per row under the Display Format Window.

  VERSION 6.2  83 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

STRINGER U2S1 RATING RESULTS

  VERSION 6.2  84 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

ANALYZE FILE FROM BRIDGE EXPLORER

To analyze the entire file at


once, first Save and then Close
the bridge.

In the Bridge Explorer window, select the bridge, right click, and select Rate.

  VERSION 6.2  85 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Analysis Settings


window will appear.

Left click the Open


Template button.

If a template has not


already been created, see
previous steps on how to
create a template in the
Analysis section of this
document.

Left click LFD


VDOT and left
click the Open
button.

  VERSION 6.2  86 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click OK to
accept the template
and rate.

  VERSION 6.2  87 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Allow the bridge to run. Once the analysis is completed, the user can read any warnings or
errors by scrolling up on the Analysis Progress window.

Left click OK to view results.

The Bridge Rating Results window will appear. To view a more compact set of results, select
Single rating level per row.

  VERSION 6.2  88 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

FINAL STRUCTURE RATINGS

  VERSION 6.2  89 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

COMPLETING VDOT LFD RATING FORM

Complete the information fields at the top portion of rating form. Information can be obtained
from the current inspection report for the bridge.

The VDOT Reviewer field should be left blank.

The box in the upper right hand corner of the rating form is for the seal and signature of a
professional engineer licensed in the state of Virginia.

  VERSION 6.2  90 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

DESIGN LOAD: HS-20

To fill out the rating information for the HS-20 vehicle, first highlight the HS 20-44 rows in the
Bridge Rating Results window.

Then, left click the View Structure Rating Results window.

The Structure Rating Results window will appear. Highlight the two rows.

Left click the View Member Rating Results button.

  VERSION 6.2  91 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Member Rating Results window will appear. Select Multiple Rating Levels per Row from
the Display Format drop down menu for easier viewing of the results.

Double click the Inventory Rating Factor column to sort the rating factors from smallest to
greatest. The same can be done for the Operating Rating Factor column. For this example,
the same members that control for inventory are controlling for operating.

By observation, the exterior stringers control the rating.

Left Click the Close button for the Member Rating Results and the Structure Rating Results
windows.

  VERSION 6.2  92 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

LEGAL LOAD: VA TYPE 3

To fill out the rating information for the VA Type 3 vehicle, first highlight the VA Type 3 rows in
the Bridge Rating Results window.

Then, left click the View Structure Rating Results window.

The Structure Rating Results window will appear. Highlight the two rows.

Left click the View Member Rating Results button.

  VERSION 6.2  93 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Member Rating Results window will appear. Select Multiple Rating Levels per Row from
the Display Format drop down menu. Double click the Operating Rating Factor column to sort
the rating factors from smallest to greatest.

By observation, the exterior stringers control the rating.

Left Click the Close button for the Member Rating Results and the Structure Rating Results
windows.

  VERSION 6.2  94 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

LEGAL LOAD: VA TYPE 3S2

To fill out the rating information for the VA Type 3S2 vehicle, first highlight the VA Type 3S2
rows in the Bridge Rating Results window.

Then, left click the View Structure Rating Results window.

The Structure Rating Results window will appear. Highlight the two rows.

Left click the View Member Rating Results button.

  VERSION 6.2  95 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Member Rating Results window will appear. Select Multiple Rating Levels per Row from
the Display Format drop down menu. Double click the Operating Rating Factor column to sort
the rating factors from smallest to greatest.

By observation, the exterior stringers control the rating.

Left Click the Close button for the Member Rating Results and the Structure Rating Results
windows.

  VERSION 6.2  96 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

PERMIT LOAD: BP-90

To fill out the rating information for the BP-90 vehicle, first highlight the Blanket Permit 90 rows
in the Bridge Rating Results window.

Then, left click the View Structure Rating Results window.

The Structure Rating Results window will appear. Highlight the two rows.

Left click the View Member Rating Results button.

  VERSION 6.2  97 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Member Rating Results window will appear. Select Multiple Rating Levels per Row from
the Display Format drop down menu. Double click the Operating Rating Factor column to sort
the rating factors from smallest to greatest.

By observation, the floorbeams control the rating.

Left Click the Close button for the Member Rating Results and the Structure Rating Results
windows.

  VERSION 6.2  98 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

PERMIT LOAD: BP-115

To fill out the rating information for the BP-115 vehicle, first highlight the Blanket Permit 115
rows in the Bridge Rating Results window.

Then, left click the View Structure Rating Results window.

The Structure Rating Results window will appear. Highlight the two rows.

Left click the View Member Rating Results button.

  VERSION 6.2  99 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Member Rating Results window will appear. Select Multiple Rating Levels per Row from
the Display Format drop down menu. Double click the Operating Rating Factor column to sort
the rating factors from smallest to greatest.

By observation, the floorbeams control the rating.

Left Click the Close button for the Member Rating Results and the Structure Rating Results
windows.

  VERSION 6.2  100 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

COMPLETING THE VDOT RATING FORM: CONTROLLING FORCE

Once the controlling


member(s) is known, the
user can obtain the
controlling force for each
vehicle by double clicking
the bridge in the Bridge
Explorer window to open
the file.

Expand the folders to get to the


controlling MEMBER
ALTERNATIVE. For this
example, the exterior stringers
and the floorbeams control the
ratings.

Where the exterior stringers


control the rating for the HS20,
VA Type 3 & VA Type 3S2
vehicles, do the following to
determine the controlling
member:

Right click one of the


STRINGER MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES for an exterior
stringer and select Analyze.

  VERSION 6.2  101 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Left click OK on the


Analysis Progress
window when the
analysis is complete.

Highlight U1S1 (E) (C) and left click


the View Analysis Report icon.

  VERSION 6.2  102 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Analysis Results – U1S1 window will appear.

Select Single rating level per row from the Display Format drop down menu.

The controlling force can be obtained from the Limit State column. Fill in the rating form as
appropriate. See Appendix G for the completed rating form.

Left click the Close button.

  VERSION 6.2  103 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

For the permit vehicles, the


floorbeams controlled the rating.

Expand the folders to get to the


controlling MEMBER ALTERNATIVE.
For the example, this is the interior
stringers and the floorbeams.

Right click any one of the


FLOORBEAM MEMBER
ALTERNATIVES and select Analyze.

Left click OK
on the
Analysis
Progress
window when
the analysis is
complete.

  VERSION 6.2  104 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

Highlight Floorbeam1 (E)


(C) and left click the View
Analysis Report icon.

  VERSION 6.2  105 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

The Analysis Results – Floorbeam1 window will appear.

Select Single Rating Level per Row from the Display Format drop down menu.

The controlling force can be obtained from the Limit State column. Fill in the rating form as
appropriate. See Appendix G for the completed rating form.

  VERSION 6.2  106 
 
SIMPLE SPAN STEEL THROUGH TRUSS BRIDGE INPUT: VERSION 6.2 

COMPLETING THE RATING FORM: ASSUMPTIONS/COMMENTS

The second page of the rating form provides space for assumption and comments. Some
common assumptions and comments are for material strengths, which plan was used, wearing
surface thicknesses, and any deterioration or other changes applied to the structure.

If the current inspection report indicates that there is deterioration, the user will have to create
an IR (inspection report) structure in addition to the AS-BUILT. For truss spans, the typical
deterioration that warrants an IR structure is section loss to the stringers, floorbeams or truss
members.

***RATING FOR THE BRIDGE IS NOW COMPLETE.

  VERSION 6.2  107 
 
APPENDIX A: DESIGN PLANS

108
FHWA FEDERAL AID STATE SHEET
REGION S T ATEf---R-OU-T-E,-------PR-O-J-EC-T--------1-RO-U-T-Er-----P-R-O-JE-C-T--------1 NO.

Beginning of Bridge -----;;+-__________________________________ 28 I '-3" - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - I - E - - End of Bridge 3 VA. 645 0645-030-6903, SRO I I
End of Slob Back of Backwall
FHWA Construction
and scour code X032-S8
PPMS NO.: None

~ /'" /\1/\ /\ /'" A GENERAL NOTE:


\ Finished Grade
0.01. Gradi ent
= =
Width: 13 '-7" face-to-face of roils.
_ Fix. I I I I Exp. ~
Snan a Span b Span c Span d Span e Span f Span g
Span Layout: 6-30 ft. prestressed concrete slab spans,
\ Normal Water and 1-100 ft. prefabricated steel truss span.
Capacity: HS20-44 loading and alternate military loading.
ABUTMENT A PIER I PIER 2 PIER 3 PIER <4 PIER 5 PIER 6 ABUTMENT B
Drainage Area: 47.62 sq. mi.
Profile on ~
Specifications:
Construction: Virginia Deportment of Transportation Rood
and Bridge Specifications, 2002.
ELEVATION Design: AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges,
Section on Cl 1989; 1990 and 1991 Interim Specifications; and VDOT
Modifications.
Scale: Yl6" = 1'-0"
Standards: Virginia Department of Transportation Road and
Bridge Standards, 200 I.

These plans are incomplete unless accompanied by the Supplemental


Specifications and Special Provisions included in the contract
documents.

~~~t~~n~a~ ~+-- 30 '- 10%" - - - 4 - - 30 '- I %" -----1---30 '-0%" - - - 4 - - 30 '-0% -----f-- 30 '-0 ----I-~- 29 '- I Ys" ---4------)I~----- 100 '-0" ------\'\-------I-~ Face of Backwall
Abutment B
This project is to be constructed in accordance with the Virginia
Deportment of Transportation Work Area Protection Manual, January
-~I'-O"
2003.

End o f _ All structural steel, including bearings, shall be ASTM A709 Grade
~ Pier 1- ~ Pier 2 - ~ Pier 3 - ~ Pier 4 ~ ~ Pier 5 ~
Slab _~ Pier ~ 50 and sholl be galvanized

-
<.D
- ( )
Concrete in prestressed members sholl be Closs A5. Concrete in
substructure shall be Closs A3.

Deformed reinforcing bars shall conform to ASTM A615, Grade 60; tie
o'f- bars in piles may be Grade 40. All reinforcing bar dimensions on the
To Rte. 647
----.---++---- - - - - - + t t - - - - - ----+tt---- - - - - t t t - - - - - -----ttt----ji-
-
r-+-0U)
I
f")
'Q);::::
Q) 0 0
0 0:::
-----ttt---- - - - - - - t l - + - - - -
c ~ Rte. ~4_5_ _ _ _ _ _ - - - - - - j - t t - - ~ 0_R_t_e_._2_1 I• detailed drawings are to centers of bars except where otherwise
noted and are subject to fabrication and construction tolerances.
- 0
~LL
Bridge No. of existing structure is 6903. No existing plans available.
+1
- Prestressed concrete deck shall be waterproofed in accordance with
r-
N
~
(j)
the requirements of Sec. 405 and Sec. 416.
-I
The existing structure is designated a Type B structure in

----'-- - - - - - - - - - - - -
c ~ Overhead Utility
<.D

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ---+\\\,..- - - - -------11.-+---- - - - - -+11--- - - - - - - -


'if accordance with Sec. 4 I I.

B.M.:
III ~
PLAN
Scale: Yl6" = 1'-0"

14 '-7"

13'-7"
6"- ~6"
6'-9 12"1
6 '-9 12"
1

13'-7"

6'-9'12" 6'-9'12"

~ Face of Rail F ace of Rail ~

~ Bridge~
-~
~IIII"
Point of Finished Grode

~ Face of Roil Face of Rail- -


- ~

- X
~ Bridge- , 0
I'
I-'
Point of Finished Grade (: o E
COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA
I>~ - 1'/" (lyp.l
1
3 /4" Asphalt <
< ~
L[)
2 Concrete
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT ATION
L
I

J _~,. .:.1!- .-:4_"~p_e_r_f_t_._(_T_y_p_.l ~


~

Overlay N o
h . I
X
0
/ ~ E
/ - 111111, 'I:t; II, ~

...... ......
3'-0" 2 slabs @ 4 '-0" = 8 '-0" 3'-0"
PROPOSED SUPERSTRUCTURE REPLACEMENT
14'-0" RTE. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
, TRANSVERSE SECTION FAUQUIER - RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY LINE
Pier or Abutment Seat----l
Spans a thru f PROJ: 0645-030-6903, SROI
~Floor Beam Scale: '12" = 1'-0"
"
NEAR BEARING NEAR MIDSPAN Recommended for Approval: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
o Stote Structure and Bridge Engineer
CD
o TRANSVERSE SECTION
-
Span g
Approved: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
~ CULPEPER
o ___
~~~~
DISTRICT ~~-,
Scale: '12" = I '-0" No. Description Dote
Chief Engineer
~ ~SU~P~E~RV~IS~E=D~:--~D~S~P-~ REVISIONS
DESIGNED:
D ~~~----~~-----t
DRAWN:
PJU
PJU For Tobie of Revisions, 286-07
109
CHECKED: xxx
see Sheet 2. © 2004, Commonwealth of Virginia Sheet I of I
.
I"""""----------~" ~">-----------------------------------------------------------------~---=-~----~---~----:...;.."';'~ . -------------------.. . . . ---~
-co
->
n
I
N
(j) ALL BOTTOM LATERALS 1" ¢
w I I \ , i\ , ----:j
(j) <S> I' I' J \
/ I
,
__
-,--
(j) I \ / \ / \ \ \ / \ /\ / - / I
""'Ic;,--~~~~~~~~.-------- ~~_'_"'___'___"'_~_'=''_''''__'_'_'~>L_~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
:::J - /
,, ,", "\ ~~

t
~

0::
\ / \ / \ / \ /
"\ / / \ I /
~

f-
~
(j)
6--- 3/16" 6" ~~~~---,1-",3_'-- 7" CLEAR ROAD WA Y WID TH 6" II
6 -z /1I 0,-.,
,)/
"
-:.~~
--.c.•I<S-3>r--------,.<o__~~~­
:;::::-: 6 3/16" U :2
<{ \/ \/ \/ \/ \/ I
\ J
\'
I

2 PCS
~
U 00
I
w
m /\ /\ I':;, , I FL00!Y ~EAMS /\ / \, /\ ,
1'-3 1 12" 4 ST"INGERS 3 SPACES @ 3'-8" = 11'-0"
~~~~~~~ICo__~-~~~~~ 2"
5/8 " ¢ X n / \ / \ / \ I / \ / \ / \ / \ I
A32 5 B,N,W, @
'" / \ / \ / ~ \ I/ \ / /
\

\ ! \ --~--~ ---
n [; \1;
V 2 PCS
7/S " X 21/4"
, \ /
- \ !; \ 1/ \I \

~ / / V ~ A325
5 GA 3" X 9" GALVANIZ ED B~N, W~
GALVANIZED CORRUGA TED STEEL FLO OR FRAMING PLAN
<
~
A.S,T M, A-570 STEEL SHEEl
THRIE BEAM
____GUARDRAIL S[(;nON MODULUS 3,28 8 IM/FT
r= -
,

16 Io
GUAR'.~·R;\IL
BRACKETS ~
PU\CElJ AT EACH ASPHALT SURFACING
15" k
~~
,I < (j) n
1 1/;" @ EDGE RDWY
.1
DIAGONAL AND BATTER \\( I FIELD BOLTED
~
SPLASH GUARD
POST vJ It 1 14" X 12" X 48" 3 1/+" @ if:: RDWY PLUG WELD PUNCHING 16 PCS " n CONNECTIONS

c=v V
~

(j)
, X 2 3/4" I
I AT tRUSS SHOE AT EVERY CORRUGATION f--

~
&t AND VERTICALS AT STRINGER BEARING 7/S
'
A3 25 B.N.W.
N
--~~~~~~~~--U4
U8
U12
1/4" /FT._ / ~ '0 U14
I , U2

':~-"=~=5"'"'"~~t
OJ
I

*
<S> <J:)

4 PCS ? =.. ~
00
-<J:)I
7/s" X 3 1/4""___
A325 B.N.W ~--"''''''J~
:=:::;;;;;
1

1 'I. . W12x30
STR I NGE RS
KNEE BRACE
FROM 1/2" PLATE ;( '-- c::::
GAGE LI N:e:

I L1
L3
7 PANELS @ 14'-0" - 98'-0" C/C BRGS
L11 L13 L15

J
<:
/ ~/PCS 1
PIER 6 CAMBER= 3/4" ABUTMENT B

ELASTOMERIC)~~ .J~{4'~ ¢
TYPE ., ...../ AI~C,H~9;q
BRG. PLATES ANCHOR BOLTS
/S" X 2 1/2"
A325 B.N. W. W18x55
FLOOR BEAM
6 PCS
7/S" X 2 1/2"
A325 B.N.W.
"'--F LOOR BEAM
END PLATE
FIXED END
ELEVATION EXPANSION [I'\ID

I
BEARINGS [JUc. 1:0 CONCRETE BEARING SEAT
*
12" 1 98'-0" C/C BEARING", .-: 98' -10" C/C BEARING 12"

L5" X 3" X 1 2"


BRG "'r
L4"X4" X 1 2"
BRGS
~-
"'I
:_.5" X 3 1/2" X 1/2'
1/4 /
2" 1/2" X I" BAR
TRUSS
-------. BRIDGE SECTION VIEWS ASPHALT ~--

PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE SLAB
/
DEAD LOAD 47.8K
I
,

LI VE LOAD 39.7K I
,\ IMPACT 8,9K !
~

I TOTAL 96.4K 2 PCS


'/s" X 21/4"
\325 B.N.W.
i
!

I * NOTE- DIAGONALS, BOTTOM CHORD CHAI'mELS, BOTTOM


II
I CHORD GUSSET PLATES, SPLICE PLATES, FLOOR BEAMS &
STRINGERS REQUIRE NFC ZONE 2 CVN (15 FT -LBS @ 40' F)
PIER 6 DETAIL
DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
ABUTMENT "B" DETAIL
I
AASHTO STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR HIGHWAY BRIDGES,
1996; 1997 AND 1998 INTERIM SPECIFICATIONS; AND VDOT
Ft 1/2"

WI2)i2\2
( W12X50
TRUSS
LIVE LOAD
MODIFICA TIONS USING ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN

CONSTRUCTION /FABRICATION
AASHTO HS20-44 AND ALTERNATE MILITARY LOADING
I
00000 00000

-AASIITO STMWARD-srECIFlGi'c-l'fflNS FOR, i IIGIIWAY BRfBGf~+9%;


MATERIAL 1997 MW 1995-'ttffERIM SPEeIFIC,l\TIm~S; :\,J8- VDOT ROAD
AND BRIDGE SPECIFICATIONS, 2002.
ALL STRUCTURAL STEEL SHALL BE ASTM A709 GRADE 50 AND SHALL BE

~ ~
<D GALVANIZED .

II
<D N
'9-: WELDING
1;:-1?
N x G
x ~6' ALL TRUSS MEMBERS, INCLUDING GUSSET AND SPLICE PLATES, FLOOR BEAMS,
N
~
1;:-1?*7/8" I/J *
N
~

S G STRINGERS AND ANY OTHER COMPONENTS DESIGNATED AS MAIN LOAD G.ARRYIiG


ALL WELDING SHALL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH AASHTO/AWS D1.:)
BRIDGE WELDING CODE AND THE AASHTO FRACTURE CONTROL,
~

S A325 HIGH MEMBERS SUBJECT TO CALCULATED TENSION OR STRESS REVERSAL, SHALL WHERE APPLICABLE. ALL WELDINC m~ TRUSS SHALL BE DONE ,

STRENGTH BOLTS * MEET THE ZONE 2 CHARPY V NOTCH IMPACT STRENGTH REQUIREMENTS AS SPECIFIED IN PRIOR TO GALVANIZATION AND FIELD WELDING IS NOT PERMITTED
I'I·.~
*
AT FIELD CONNECTIONS SECTION 226 OF THE SPECIFICATIONS.

I
!
*
2-C12X30

*
~ 2-C1'iX30
rnfHBH~!
*
*
2-C12X30 FIELD SPLICES OF THE TRUSS AND ALL FLOOR BEAM CONNECTIONS SHALL BE
MADE USING HIGH STRENGTH BOLTS, AND SHALL BE DESIGNED AS SLIP-CRITICAL
CONNECTION WITH A CLASS C SURFACE.
WELDING PROCESS SHALL BE MANIJI\L SHIELDED METAL ARC W":,,'
(SMAW) USING LOW HYDROGEN ELECTRODES CLASSIFIED E7028

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS SHALL BE PERFORMEC) ~S


'IC,

I
BEp,RING FOLLOWS:
ALL FASTENERS SHALL BE !8"
DIAMETER HIGH STRENGTH BOLTS, ASTM A325
GALVANIZED WITH A563 GRADE DH NUT AND ONE F436 WASHER PER BOLT AND
14'--0" 14'-0" 14'-0" FILLET WELDS VISUAI:.- 100%
MANUFACTURED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 226. THEY SHALL BE HOT DIPP=D
GALVANIZED PER SECTION 226.04(h) 3e OF THE VDOT ROAD & BRIDGE SPECIFICATIONS. - MT. - 10% MIN
ALL FASTENERS IN CONTACT WITH GALVANIZED STEEL, UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTm,
7 PANELS @ 14'-0" - 98'-0 C/C BEARINGS
SHALL BE 7/S" DIAMETER HIGH STRENGTH BOLTS, .ASTM A325, ALL GALVANIZING THAT HAS BEEN i;HIPPED OR DAMAGED JURING

I! THUSS BRIDGE DETAIL


A563 GRADE DH3 NUT AND ONE F436 WASHER PER BOLT AND MANUFACTURED ;:~
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 226.
HANDLING OR WELDING SHALL BE POWER BRUSHED AND i~ AINTED
BY THE CONTRACTOR WITH TWO COATS OF PAI~IT MEETING THE
REQUIREMENTS OF SECTION 233.03 OF THE SPECIFICATI.)NS
SPRAY CANS SHALL NOT BE USED,
i
I TR~JSS LIFTING WEIGHT= 20.2K

DESIGN DEAD LOADS


• ~
. . _-_.,-""'="1I
d

I ~~I~ MEMBERS TO GusseT PLA TES W:TH MINIMUM 5/16 INCH


FELFT WElD? .Il, T EI-el-! END 0 F EACH MEMBm.
STEEL FLOOR
ASPHALT SURFACING
15 PSF
50 PSF
WOIIKING IlIlAWINOO W,IIE BEEN REViEWED IN ACCOmW,lCE
WITl! SECTION 10•.02 OF THE SI'EC1FICil noNS WITH THE toL-
19WING COMMENTS:
?'I'l-REViEW COMPLETED.
o CORRECT AND RESlJBMlT_
sv.,. P')1l1
.
NO. DATE
1 9/26/05
REVISIONS
VDOT REVISIONS

r I
BY
RES 98' -0" TRUSS BRIDGE
RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK IdVER
13'-7" RDWY I

I
FUTURE SURFACING 35 PSF I
o REJECTED·SEE REMAf'lIlS, 10 .ril __ ('-') '2. • 1~ VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-~6')O:3, SROl i
I ALL GUSSET PLATEr 3 ~ INCH THICK D(CEPT AS NOTED DATE: ' f
REVIEWED: BRENT SPRIil/K£l
FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
WITH SUF:-IClt;',.. : :... : AREt.. ':' Tu RESIST STRESSES AND
SO '~H'Pr::D TO f-:X: '.~r J'~ A LS' HETIe ARCHITECTURAL
CUIJ'EI'&1llIST. BRIDGE ENGIl.
I
1

DESIGN DRAWN ~. DATE I DRAW ING NO·1


.-,.. ,---.~

-i,
AP')[':" '\i\](;E.
20~ SBEpr-!-,

I
AG RES ,AUG. 30, WARRENTON' ------ - . -'"

' - ./"-
CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR TRUSS
e

NOTE: DRAWINGS I~ELATIVE DO NOT SCALE AG 9/2/05 U.S. BRIDGE I 1


./
OF 110
~
(
MATERIAL SCHEDULE
QUANTITY DESCRIPTION
1 PC. TRUSS 1 - SECTION A GALVANIZED

1 PC. TRUSS 1 - SECTION AB GALVANIZED

1 PC. TRUSS 1 - SECTION B GALVANIZED

1 PC. TRUSS 2 - SECTION C GALVANIZED

1 PC. TRUSS 2 - SECTION CD GALVANIZED

1 PC. TRUSS 2 - SECTION D GALVANIZED

6 PCS
FLOOR BEAMS-W18X55 @ 16'-8 1/2" ;4 PCS. - It'- 3/4" X 6" X 8 11/16" CVN & GALVANIZED
2 PCS. - It'- 1/2" X 10" X 44 3/4"

20 PCS INTERIOR PANEL STRINGERS - W12 X 30 @ 13'- 11 1/2" CVN & GALVANIZED

8 PCS END PANEL STRINGERS - W12 X 30 @ 14'-9 3/4" CVN & GALVANIZED

12 PCS KNEE BRACE ASSEMBLY; 1 PC. - It'- 1/2" X 7 1/2" X 26"; 1 PC. - t 1/2" X 14" X 14" - TRIANGUU'IR CUT
1 PC. - ft 1/2" X 7 1/2" X 14" GALVANIZED

14 PCS LATERAL RODS - 1" ROUND X 18'-7" WITH 2 WASHERS & 2 NUTS GALVANIZED
~------~---4~~~~~~----------'------~~~~~~~~~~--------- --------'------------~
2 PCS SHELF ANGLE - L 4" X 4" X 1/2" @13'-7" GALVANIZED .

BOLT TYPE - 7/8" cjJ A325 TYPE 1 GAL VAN I ZED 71 "
BOLT CHART 1 PC ABUTMENT OVER ANGLE - L 5" X 3 1/2" X 1/2" @ 13'-7" GALVANIZED
6 11/16".1 7 5/8"" 6 11/16" ~-----------4--------------------------~----~-------------------------------------------,-----~
SIZE 'I 'I 1 PC PI ER 6 OVER ANGLE - L 5" X 3" X 1/2" @ 13' - 7" GAL VAN I ZED
3 18" IE

I
LOCATION 2 1/4" 2 1/2" 2 3/4" 3"

IE~
ABUTMENT ANGLE - L 5" X 5" X 1/2" @ 13'-9"; 1 PC BAR 1/2"xl"x13' -9"
1 PC GALVANIZED
WITH 5/8"'" x 6" STUDS
FLOOR BEAM TO TRUSS 96 *$ $'
~------------------~
16 PCS BOTTOM CHORD SPLICE PLATE- 1/2"x9"x50" GALVANIZED
KNEE BRACE TO TRUSS 96 13/16" X 1 1/16"
r----'------------------------~------4_------_+--------4_--------+_------~--------_1 SLOTTED HOLES 2 PCS TRUSS BEARING ASSEMBLIES (FIXED END) GALVANIZED
KNEE BRACE TO FLOOR BEAM 72
~---------------------'------~------_+--------r_-------+--------_r--------+_------~ 2 PCS TRUSS BEARING ASSEMBLIES (EXPANSION END) GALVANIZED
1 STRINGER TO FLOOR BEAM 96
I 4 PCS TRUSS BEARING ANGLE- L6x6x3/4 @ 14" GALVANIZED
I SHELF ANGLE TO STRINGER 16
1.4 1/2;1( ,1. 5"
16 PCS STRINGER BEARING PLA TES- !t 1/2"x8"x18" GALVANIZED
TRUSS BRG. TO TRUSS 16 3 1/2"

GUARDRAIL BRACKET TO TRUSS 56

I 240
I+ C12X20.7
+] 1~~~~'~ '"
4 PCS

4 PCS
LATERAL ROD ANCHOR PLATE- IE 1/2"x8"x10"

LATERAL ROD ANCHOR ANGLE- L8"x4"x 1/2" @ 8"


GALVANIZED

GALVANIZED

I 244 PCS A325 TYPE 1 GALVANIZED B. :~, W - 7/8" cjJ X 2 1/4"


!U6 & U10 TOP CHORD SPLICE 160 I 160
I .-==================~====~====~======.~~.=====~F======F====~ GUARDRAIL BRACKET
TOTAL REO'D I 232 168 192 I 400 16
28 REQ'D 178 PCS

202 PCS
A325 TYPE 1 GALVANIZED B, ,~, W -

A325 TYPE 1 GALVANIZED B,I,I, W -


7/8" 0 X 2 1/2"

7/8" cjJ X 2 3/4'


i
TOTAL ORDERED 244 178 202 Ii 420 26
420 PCS A325 TYPE 1 GALVANIZED B, N, W - 7/8" 0 X 3"

26 PCS A325 TYPE 1 GALVANIZED B, N, W - 7/8" cjJ X 3 1/4"

16 PCS ANCHOR BOLT - 3/4" \1'> X 16" GALVANIZED

8 PCS ANCHOR BOLT - 1 1/2" \1'> X 22" GALVANIZED


1 1/4" \1'> A449 3/4" cjJ A449 67 PCS 5 GA 3" X 9" GALVANIZED BRIDGE FLOOR @ 13'-7"
U12 ALL THREAD GAL V. ALL THREAD GAL V.
ROD WITH 2 NUTS ROD WITH 2 NUTS
& ONE WASHER & ONE WASHER 16 PCS SPLASH GU ARD f[ 1/4" X 12" X 4' - 0" GALVANIZED

~ 18 PCS END DAM PLATE- ft 3/16"x5"x12'-0" GALVANIZED


:::::
::::::: "')
o
L1 L3 L.5 L7 L9 L11 L13 L15 "')
o ::::::: 0:': 56 PCS 5/8"\1'> X 2" GUARDRAIL MOUNTING BOLT (GALVANIZED)
TRUSS SECTION A A A TRUSS SECTION AB B B TRUSS SECTION B 0:': ~ 0..
0..
~ 240 PCS 5/8"\1'> X 1 1/4" GUARDRAIL SPLICE BOLT (GALVANIZED)
~
=:=::
TRUSS 1 ----I
5/8"\1'> X 9 1/4" GUARDRAIL WOOD POST BOLT (GALVANIZED)
~ 40 PCS
TRUSS MARKING DIAGRAM ~
::::
:::: o
w
18 PCS GALVANIZED THRIEBEAM GUARDRAIL @ 12'-6" (/0 6",'3"')
~------------I----------------------------------------~-----------------------------------------'
:::.:: co
L 2 PCS GALVANIZED TRANSITION SECTION @ 6'-3"
U12
N
N :::.:: w
:::.:: 10 PCS W6X9 GUARDRAIL POST @ 7'-0"; 1 PC 6"x8"x21 5/8" WOOD BLOCKOUT
o
w :::.::
co :::.:: r_-----------4----------------------'------------------------,--------------------------------~
L ~ 72 PCS SPECIAL WASHER IE 3/16"xl3f4"x3" w/ 11/16" X 1" SLOTTED HOLE GALVANIZED
w
~
~ ----'----' 28 PCS G.R. BRACKET- 1 PC C12X20.7 @ 4"; 1 PC IE 3/8 "x4"x21" GALVANIZED
L1 L3 L5 L7 L9 L11 L13 L15
TRUSS SECTION C C C TRUSS SECTION CD D D TRUSS SECTION D STRINGER ANCHOR BOLT 16 PCS BOTTOM CHORD SPLI CE PLATE-IE 1/2"x9"x38" GALVANIZED

16 REQ'D
TRUSS 2 GALVANIZED
16 PCS TOP CHORD INSIDE GUSSET PLATE-IE 1/2"x3" GALVANIZED

TRUSS MARKING DIAGRAM


BOLT NO. DATE REVISIONS BY
8 REQ'D
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF flW>!SI'ORTATION 1 9/26/05 VDOTREVISIONS RES 98'-0" TRUSS BRIDGE 13'-7" RDWY
GALVANIZED
fil'iVIEW OF WORKING DRAWINGS
I---'--'F=,-=-+~:.:::::..:..:.=.::..:::.=----t~-j RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
'HOOKING tiflAWINGS HAIlE !lEEN REVIEWEIlIN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTlo.'! 10S,ij20F THE SI'6ClFICIlTIOIIl$ WITH THE FO'.
B);'IIlNG COMMENTS: •
~1-------t------t--1 VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-6903, SROl
;fI-.'lE\llEW OOMPIllTEO.
. LI CORRECT ANIl I'IESIJ!lMlt
IlY: P) 1/1
-"",,,,;;;....;,.:.-....--
1r----1------t-----t----1, F AU QUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
Q REJEtTEO-SEE I'lEMAflIlS. a?h~!i' I ()- i /- c' Ii'
~~----4_------------~--~'~~~~--_,~~~_,~~~------~~~~~~~r_------------'-
AElIiEW!2D: IlRENi !l\ORIWKEt ' ,,~--.:.... .- , DESIGN DRAWN DATE DRAWING NO.j
CU~!"I OIST, !lI'i1,~ alGI'\, AG RES AUG. 30, 2005 WARRENTON I SHEET
I--~--~----------t----I CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR TRUSS I 2 OF ~
____________________________________________________________________ NOTE: DRAWl
~
NGS RELATIVE
________ ~~
DO NOT SCALE
________________________________________ ~ _ _b __ _ ____ ~
AG 9/2/05 U.S, BRIDGE
= __ _ _ _~~~~~~~~~~_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _~_ _~_ _~_ _~_ _ _ _~
i / 111
16' -8 1/2" FLOOR BEAM LENGTH

3' 8" 3'-8" 3'-8" kc---_ _-=2_'-=2_1/_2_"_------;¥E-_ _ _ _ _ _12_'_31_12_" _ _ _-?>roE--_ _ _ 2'~


I I I I
1 3/4" 1 3/4" LATERAL ROD ANCHOR PLATE (TYP.)
~
I I
~W
1=-- IL__~:~~:-=:~__2:~:~_~___~~~:-=:~~~----~~:~:-----=---:~-~:---:~--:~:---~I
I \),/4T-3' 4T-3'

15/16" ¢ HOLES
~---4~.~~==~~~~~
~===~~~~==----~
TOP FLANGE ONLY
---1==::::::::::::::. ==== ----==--~==\\~==~~I/===t ~f:=---==~+// :t::::::=----=~W~18~X55-==---
FLOORBEAM TOP FLANGE HOLE LAYOUT // <::.c::' \\
W18X55
6 REQ'D.
L -_ _ ~~~===~2W~====~~==
~=====~~~==~TO~P~F~LA~N~GE~
GALVANIZED TYP 5/16"[/
O.~4T-3' 4T-3' I'\>
(CVN)
~ HOLE I' HOLE

LATERAL ROD ANCHOR LAYOUT


3" 3"
2"
m 2"
I

V
15/16" ¢
HOLES
Ie y ~I

S' ::
to
1\

STRINGER
[~

KNEE BRACE I I
ASSEMBLY I
0-
J

I W12X30
STRINGER

II I
elY.::J 16'-8 112" FLOOR BEAM LENGTH

0 ~ LATERAL ROD ANCHOR II


~
I
l_--'-J

II
TYP, 5/16'V II
W18X55 FLOORBEAM
(SAME BOTH ENDS)
I!
I III I I

II
\II
\ / L ..--J L --::J
1\ ----------"---~-I I
FLOORBEAM END PLATE DETAIL < 10" >I
r-~-----~ ---~

GALVANIZED 8"

L
~L- ______ ~ ___ ~

15/16" I/J
HOLES
15/16" I/J
HOLES
I ANGLE
-I-- "', 0l
LATERAL ROD ANCHOR PLATE
L 8" X 4" X 1/2" IE 1/2" x 8" x 10"
@ II
-I-- 4 REQ'D 4 REQ'D
'" <
15/16" I/J
HOLES
re. 1 /2" X 14" X 14"
CUT TRIANGULAR W18X55

V
'--
TRUSS BOTTOM II
IE 1/2" x 10" CHORD

IIIRGINIA IlEPil!lTMENT OF TRANSI'OFITi\liON ANGLE CALC. = 13.208 = 1.074 = 47.06' =4T-3'


REI/lEW OF WO!'lKING DRAWINGS
12.29
2 PCS ..,...._v ~ L 8" X 4" X 1/2" WORI(I~lG DRAWINGS H/l1IE BEEN REI/IEWEI) IN ACCORDANCE
7/8" '" X 3"-------- -$- WITH SECTION 105.Q2 Of THE SPECIFICATIONS \!lI!T!i THE fOL·
A325 B,N,W LOWING COMMENTS: () i ' LENGTH CALC. - 12.29 = 18.04'= 18'-0 1/2"
N ;r--~ -$- -$- -$:,;-.,;::.
"::---j-f---.. 15/16" ¢ X 1 1/4" SLOTTED HOLES .::a::IlEIIIE'fi COMPLETEO. g\,:____.1::) vl _"~ COS 47.06"
~ ~ 17 .$' .$' ~= IN H: 1/2"x7 1/z"x14"
[j CORRECT I\NI) RESUBMIT.
o REJECTED·SEE IlEIMRKS.
REVIEWED: BRENT SI'RII\I;(R
DATE: ___ 10 - f {~ 0 t?
14 PCS - 1"
LATERAL ROD LENGTHS
¢ ROD - 18'- 7" LONG WITH 6" THREAD EACH END
END PANEL CULPEPER OIST. BRIDGE ENGR.

~--tt:::"T-.
:I
!-N"

3" 4" 4" 3


I,
!<;-----*-~-*J.~+'1fE-1 /2"
H
LATERAL ROD

NO. DATE REVISIONS BY


5/16"[/ ~ 14 1/2" ~
> o (j)
1 9/26/05 VDOT REVISIONS RES 98' -0" TRUSS BRIDGE 13'-7" RDWY
KNEE BRACKET DETAIL f-- 0

12 REQ'D
to
I
CL
CD RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
GALVANIZED N~ VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-6903, SR01
FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA _----,____ ------1
END PANEL LATERAL ROD ANCHOR DETAIL
DATE DRAWING-N°,1 DESIGN
AG
DRAWN I
AUG, 30, 2005 WARRENTON I SHI':Ji~'~_7 RES
~/,.

i--+-~----I~~~~~-----+~ CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR TRUSS 3 OF 112


b -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _~,_ _=,__________________________________________~N~O~T~E~:~D~R~A~W~IN:~GS_R~~EL~A~T~I~V~F~D~O~N~O~T~S~C~A~L~E~____________________~L_L___L-____= -_ _~~~A~G~9~/~2/~0~5~~U~.S~.~B~R~ID~GE~______~______~__~,/~_____
24"
2" 10" 10" 2"

~

~ 17"

I: t
- I--
IX)
8"

$ $ , 412"
, l'
IX)
1 ~

- I-- ~ 1 1/16" '" X 2~


CD r - r---,
~ SLOTTED HOLES
13'-7" '¢
~
r
'
~I~----------------------------------~~I ~
LI____________~I____________~I~~ 2"
18"

2'
~
7" 7" Imm Imm
1/2" PLATE 3/4"X 5"X 17"
ABUTMENT OVER ANGLE
L5" x 3 1/2" X 1/2"
1 REQ'D SOLE PLATE ~
~N
,+ -
v
/
~1 1/16" '" X 2" SLOTTED HOLES

1\
-$-
GALVANIZED to /. ~/1b!/

SLI DER PLA TE : ;;:c:S~:;;:;;;;:,:;:;::;;:;;;;:~':;:;:'~;:;=-D ~1 ~


812"
,1- 812"
~I
13'-7" CON-SLIDE PAD- to

~I~==========~!====~====~~I~ BEARING PLATE DETAIL


MASONRY PLATE
TRUSS BEARING ANGLES
TRUSS BEARING PLATES L6X6X3/4
FIXED END 2 WITH 1 5/8" X 4 1/2" SLOTTED HOLES
PIER 6 OVER ANGLE FIXED BEARINGS 2 WITH 1 5/8"", HOLES
L5" X 3" X 1/2" 4 PLATES WITH 11/8" '" HOLES - TOP PLATES
4 PLATES WITH 1 1/8" '" HOLES - BOTTOM PLATES SOLE PLATE - 2 PCS - FI'.. 1" X 17" X 24" WITH 1 5/8"", HOLES
1 REQ'D CON-SLIDE PADS - 2 pes - 1 1/2" X 15" X 14 1/2"
EXPANSION END MASONRY PLATE - 2 pes - ft 1" X 17" X 24" WITH 1 5/8"'" HDL.ES
13' - 7"
r--------~--~~------------.- -.-------»1 4 PLATES WITH 1 1/8" X 3" SLOTTED HOLES - TOP PLATES EXPANSION BEARINGS
4 PLATES WITH 1 1/8" '" HOLES - BOTTOt/ PLATES
SOLE PLATE -- 2 pes - fE 3/4" X 17" X 24" WITH 1 5/8"", X 4 1/2" SLOTTED HOLES
SLIDING PLAfE - 2 pes - fE 3/8" X 16 1/2" X 16" WITH 20 GA STAINLESS STEEL PLATE
BONDED TO THE BOTTOM
CON-SLIDE PADS - 2 pes - 1 1/2" X 15" X 14 1/2" WITH PTF". SURFACING
MASONRY PLATE - 2 pes - FI'.. 3/4" X 17" X 24" WITH 1 5/8"'" HOLES

15/16" '"
HOLES SHELF ANGLE
L4X4X1/2
2 REQ'D
GALVANIZED

.<
14' -9 3/4"
13'-11 1/2 15/16" '" X 1 1/4"
( >1 SLOTTED HOLES
) , 2 1 /2,,>1~ ,<
>1
I -
I I I

W12X30
W12X30

.L .L I , , I
~ ~
~I I~
I I

I I~ ~ 15/16" '" X 1 1/4"~


1 3/4" ).1 1 3/4" 15/16" '" X 1 1/4"
--------- SLOTTED H0 LES SLOTTED HOLES 1 3/4" ill 1 3/4"
15/16" '" X 1 1/4"
SLOTTED HOLES 1 1/2"
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTAriON
INTERIOR PANEL STRINGERS ABUTMENT END PANEL STRINGERS REVIEW OF WORKING DRAWINGS
20 REQ'D 8 REQ'D
GALVANIZED GALVANIZED
(CVN)
(CVN)

NO. DATE REVISIONS BY


1 9/26/05 VDOT REVISIONS RES 98'-0" TRUSS BRIDGE 13'-7" RDWY
RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-G903, SROl
FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
.. -

DESIGN DRAWN DATE :-TDRAWING NO,!

1
f
AG RES AUG. 30, 2005 WARRENTON i SHEET
'~~/7
CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR
NOTE: DRAWINGS RELATIVE DO NOT SCALE I TRUSS t 4 /- OF 113
7
AG 9/2/05 U.S. BRIDGE ~~_,'lI':
I
5/16
r-;,--( SEAL
WELD
5/16

-- - - T- - -- 8"

5/16
I
_11_"_ __ ~ ~/,-/----\ W12X50
~

~ 17"
~-

17"
~

W12X50
n
5/16 17"
/ W12X50
W12X50
W12X50 ( ~---7-
/ _ _ _ _ _ --.P _ _ -+_ _ _ _--/
1----+--- --- , 5/16
/~ 5/16
7
5/16 5/16
5/16
5/16 /
/ < '" <9 ••
'" to
N
X
N

/
U2 & U14 GUSSET PLATES- 8 REQ'D. '" % '"
'" '" 1, /2" PLATE I VERTICAL GUSSET PLATES

US GUSSET PLATE- 4 REQ'D.


13/8" PLATE 1

U4 & U12 GUSSET PLATES- 8 REQ'D.

18 3/4"
__-----1-2J2Wtl2~"___~----~~~---------------3>I 15/16" ¢ 1, /2" PLATE] ~_ _ TOP CHORD INSIDE
GUSSET PLATE
IE 2" 2" 4 SP @ 3 11 /16"= 143/4" 2" HOLES' -
3/ " .\ 7 1/2"
2"
I\. SP. @ 4 8 =

W12X50

- - - - - - - - - --'4--------./

-- --- 20 PCS - 7/S"¢ X 3"


\ ./\
/ / \
A325 B,N,W
10 EACH SIDE
20 PCS - 7/S"¢ X 3" / (11 \
TOP CHORD OUTSIDL--_ _ _ _.J
A325 B,N,W
10 EACH SIDE <\ (11 (11 \
\
\
,l?
\ 0'
'<l
@
GUSSET PLATE

\ ill
\ \ '-"e-
~
\ W m \ ~e-
\ W \
\ (11 m \
\ W \
\ (11 \ '\ 4
\ 21 1/2" ,
20 PCS - 7/S"¢ X 2 1/4" ~
20 PCS - 7/S"¢ X 21/4":--'~*--v
\ (11 A325 B,N,W 3/" 171/2" -\
1" 2" 4 SP @ 3 11 /16"= 14 3/4" 2"
-
~

t
~

A325 B,N,W 4 sP. @ 4- 8 -


10 EACH SIDE \ 10 EACH SIDE 1" Ii,
\
(11 (11 (11 (11 (11 (11 (11 n

(11 (11
(11 ,t
~
/ 1,/2 " PLATEj
15/16" ¢
HOLES

U6 & U 1 0 GUSSET PLATE- 8 REQ'D. TOP CHORD INSIDE GUSSET PLATE- 16 REQ'D.

NO. DATE REVISIONS BY


~1+9':'..L/=:::26!....:;/0:.:::..5+V~DO:::..:.T....::Rc::..:EV.::..::1S::c::lO=NS~_---+R:.=:ES::-j· 98 ' - 0 " T R US S B RI DGE
13 ' - 7 " RDWY
RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-6903, SROl
1--1----+-----\---1 FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
DESIGN DRAWN DATE DRAWING NO.,
AG RES AUG. 30, 2005 SHEET
WARRENTON '7
/'
CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR TRUSS
NOTE: DRAWINGS RELATIVE DO NOT SCALE U.S. BRIDGE 5 OF
114 7 ,
AG 9/2/05 ./ ;i
3'-6" 3'-6"

103/8" 105/8"

2" 2" 2" 2"

l r l r
co co
C>I C>I
X
C>I * ~ •
~ ~
~ ....
~
~ ....
.-
t t
I

.., ,-$- I -$-, • \ I-$- I -$-1 /


a
~ 13/ S" PLAlE I •I") ~
Ii)
13/8" PLATE I \
r$- -$-, / •
,-$- -$-1
II') 01') I")
5/16 110 5/16
CO
0 •OJ \ ( 0 •OJ
\~
5/16
'-$- -$-1 55 u 5/16
~ :> I-$- -$-1 6J
I")
{' / "- I") "

~ •.., C· -~ •~
....,.. •
...v
~ •
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~ --$j I ..•
~

Ii)
::;: ..-
C>I ~
...... ------- C>I ...
I')
,..
"-
1!lfc16" 1& 1Uc'OlES
6" !II
GA
lINE
OLES 5/16
2 - C12X30 •....
....
•Ii)
!- GA
LINE
5/16
2 - C12X30 •...
...
to

~I L3. L13 GUSSET PI,AlES


8 REQ'D.
•... ~I L5 • 111 GUSSET PLATES
8 REQ'D.
...

3'-6"
30- 7/816 X 3" 30- 7/a"!I! X 3"
A326 B.N.W. A325 B.N.W.
15 EACH SIDE 15 EACH SIDE
32"
~
.~. ....... ...
it
...C<I .-
~,

----- ----- --:--- -----


• • • iII ill • • •

C12X30
- -~H&--. - $ • Ell I Ell . . . . 6l--e-i--
• • • •• ••• •• C12X30
",==--=-=,-==-=:..==-==-==-==-:=-=-=~-=:",=:",:. =-=-=-=-=:...=:..==-===-==-=:::r
~ 1f2"x9"x32" .....
po
.....
..,.-.-i--....
~
~
.-
f
(INSIDE Be OUTSIDE PLATES)

L5-L7 & L9-L11 SPLICE DETAIL •co ,-$- I-$-I


4 REQ,D. ~
00 I-$- -$-1
'-$- -$-1

• ~ _-EIJ I:
C
..,...co
~
... -----~-- --------l------.
15/16" _
HOLES
5/16
GA •.-
...
•.... LINE
SEAL /
M:LD
//r-- - )
/ •CO
/ I
2 - 2X30 GA
L7. L9 GUSSET PLATES •....
1!lfc16" !II
OlES •CO 8 REQ'O.
I
• ~I
~~~~~~~3~
~
-----
98'-0" TRUSS BRIDGE 13'-7" RDWY
.1 •... RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
•.... L- ;aI, IE
4"
17" VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-6903, SR01
I---if---+-----+--I FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
Ll AND L15 GUSSET PLATES- 8 REQ'D. SHEET
NOTE: DRAWINGS RELATIVE DO NOT SCALE 6 OF;;;;

115
20'-1"

10' -0 112"

9' -9 1/4"
>- 6' -9 1/2"
3:
0 6' -6"
oe:
w
0
0
w
r ELEV, 10027~
TOP BACKWALL
20' -6"
~ I~ >-
10'-3" 10' -]"
~
~
03:
N 00
woe: STRINGER BEARING SEAT 6'_6 11

I I '¢
TRUSS - ELEV, 98,63 TRUSS
BEARING SEAT ELEV, 98.29 ELEV. 98.29- BEARING SEAT EL. 98,71
EL. 98.71
:...---______----LL--------!I EL. 98,63 EL 98.63
EL, 98.29 EL 98,29
TRUSS BRG. SEAT TRUSS BRG. SEAT

ABUTMENT "B" ELEVATION VIEW


>- PIER 6 ELEVATION VIEW
3:
o
Cl::
20'-1" (,).J

10'-0112" (j)
_J
-' 10'-3" 10'-3"
«
3: (j)

~I
:oL (j)
(j)
0 =:>
« 0 Cl::
/\3/4" if; ANCHOR BOLTS (TYP,) m oe: m
f-
BACK BACKWALL
-~~=---------; - (,).J
/ \ (j)
LL
~ 0
6' - 6" 6'-6" 10" 10"
(j) N LL ~
0
~I
FACE BACKWALL =:> ~

/ f- '0
'\ I 0

Jb-BRG
(,).J
('oj
~
'0
6)
I
CO
i
o - -€o~-(o:;------ - 0 0 0 -B- ~ (J) '7
/'l' -'
,/V' N
, -'
STRINGER BRG. SEAT ~
« 6)
~

- "::' (j) 3:
-
!") 0 :oL
0
, I
~
''¢

o~f-=-,B",-,-R-,-,G,--___o _ 0>--------
I ('oj Z
1-4
oe: «
m O)
€T-
-
---------<0 -
~ PIER
/r-____-,__~--------------------+_~------------------~F~A~C~E~AB~U~T~M~E~N~T----________- ,___~ «
w LL
I ,
0)
'/ I m ~ n
--
110" 10" 7" 7" (TYP) IJ 0" 10" 0
LL
6) N
~
~'-3 11/16" 3 SPACES @ 3-8" - 11'-0' 2'-3 11/16" 0
6)
~

I
I .I ,
~

15'-7 3/8" C/C TRUSS 6)


6)
~

(9
I
CO
~
PIER 6 PLAN VIEW
1 1/4" ¢ ANCHOR BOLTS (TYP,)
ABUTMENT "B" PLAN VIEW (J)

NOTE: WINGWALLS NOT SHOWN FOR CLARITY.


PLEASE REFER TO CONTRACT DRAWINGS
FOR DETAILS.

'l RDWY

,< 3'-8" 3' - 8"

7" 7"
10" 10" +,,!'c- CTYP
cTyp---»'r--1
) 10" 10"
I ,::::' ,
1 ,::::'
1"''''1''''''"'
£ BRG -t-. ~-+----+$ -t -
"\,///
11/4"¢
~3/4"
ANCHOR
-4-; -
¢/ -'7
11/4" ¢
ANCHOR BOL TS ANCHOR
BOLTS BOLTS
ANCHOR BOLT LAYOUT

NO. DATE REVISIONS BY


9 /c..:2",,6/c..::0.::,.5+-,-=VDc::.0T......:.::RE:..:.VI::.::S;:;:IO::..:,NS::...'_ _--+R.:;::E-=---!S
1-'-1---J-"C 98' - 0 " TR US S BRID G E l 3' -7" RD WY
RT. 645 OVER RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER
VDOT PROJ. NO. 0645-030-6903, SROl
FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
i---+---+------+-+--===,..---.-=::::-:-=::-:--.--::::-:-:::=----.-r:=:-:-=-==-:-;;::-r------------
DESIGN DRAWN DATE !, DRAWING NO,

~~----~------------+--+----~A~G~--_+--~R~E=S~~A=U~G=,~30~,~2~O~O~5~! WARRENTON SHEET . ~


L..._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _~_ _' _ _ _: _ _ _ _v_ _G_'--'
________ NOTE DRAV"I" N ~'c:: RF'LA'fr VE" D~' N'T"
u__U_ _S' CALf:-
__ L...
______________ "~...L..~J..I·_~",,!...,_ _ _
~~-+...,---i CHECK/DATE FABRICATOR I TRWllfij ''i'
.. _-_.. _~_._~.!.-,.,,:ib,;A~G;;..·b,;9~/..;;2;.;../.;;,O.;;.5.......1i_U.,;;.-,;,;.;'S;';'"..,;B;:.;R;,;;;I,,;;.D.;;;,G,;;;,E_ _ _ _ _...l...i,,.,_ _: _ _. _ _........1_-.;;./
bF 116
___
/-,y',:"
__. _,.... ',
APPENDIX B: PANEL POINT LOAD
CALCULATION

117
This process is required because floorbeams are not located at the abutments. The stringers
rest directly on the abutments rather than a floorbeam. However, a floorbeam must be placed at
each panel point for Virtis to analyze the truss. Therefore, an upward force was placed at the
end supports since ficticious floorbeams were placed at these loctions.

To calculate the panel


point load at the
locations of the fictitious
floorbeams, first open
the bridge in the Bridge
Explorer window.

Left click View analysis


settings.

  VERSION 6.2  118
 
Left click the Open Template
button.

Left click the LFD VDOT template and left click the Open button.

  VERSION 6.2  119
 
Left click the OK button to
accept and close.

Right click Truss 1 and select Analyze.

  VERSION 6.2  120
 
Let the analysis
complete and left
click OK to close.

Highlight Truss 1 and left click the View analysis


output icon.

  VERSION 6.2  121
 
Double click Dead Load
Analysis Report.

An internet explorer window will open. Scroll down to the Deck DC, Superstructure Stringer
Units DC and Superstructure Floorbeam DC load cases.

  VERSION 6.2  122
 
The upward force will be entered into the Panel Point Load Command on the Truss Input
Command window as shown on page 53.

  VERSION 6.2  123
 
APPENDIX C: ADDITIONAL SELF LOAD
CALCULATION

124
The purpose of this process is to calculate the additional self load due to bolts, splices, gusset
plates, and all other truss components that are not specifically modeled within Virtis. The user
will analyze the bridge once without an additional load. The difference between the total dead
load end support reaction specified on the plans and the reaction computed in Virtis is the
missing load which will then be applied as the additional self load.

To calculate the
additional self load of
the truss, first open the
bridge in the Bridge
Explorer window.

Left click View analysis


settings.

  VERSION 6.2  125
 
Left click the Open Template
button.

Left click the LFD VDOT template and then left click the Open button.

  VERSION 6.2  126
 
Left click the OK button to
accept and close.

Right click Truss 1 and select Analyze.

  VERSION 6.2  127
 
Let the analysis
complete and left
click OK to close.

Highlight Truss 1 and left click the View Analysis


Output icon.

  VERSION 6.2  128
 
Double click Dead Load
Analysis Report.

An internet explorer window will open. Scroll down to the support reactions for Deck DC, Stringer 


Units DC, Floorbeam DC, and Self Weight DC. 

  VERSION 6.2  129
 
 

The additional self load will be entered into the Additional Self Load Command in the Truss
Input Command window as shown on page 54.

  VERSION 6.2  130
 
APPENDIX D: LIVE LOAD DISTRIBUTION
FACTOR CALCULATION

131
Truss Distribution Factors Calculation

Distribution Factor for Force

Spacing = S = 15.61 ft
P1 Location = 3.02 ft  (2 ft from face of barrier)
Spacing 1 = S1 = 6.00 ft
P2 Location = 9.02 ft
Spacing 2 = S2 = 0.00 ft  (lanes are less than 12ft, location of P3 will be 2ft from edge of lane 1)
P3 Location = N/A ft
Spacing 3 = S3 = 0.00 ft
P4 Location = N/A ft

Reduction in Load Intensity = 1 AASHTO LFD 3.12.1
1 lane DF =  1.229 WHEELS
1 lane DF =  0.615 AXLES ***Virtis Input

Reduction in Load Intensity = 1 AASHTO LFD 3.12.1
2 lane DF =  1.229 WHEELS
2 lane DF =  0.615 AXLES ***Virtis Input

AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, 1996, Sixteenth Edition,
including the 1997 and 1998 Interim Specifications Section 3.6.3
Fractional parts of design lanes shall not be used, but roadway widths from 20 to 24
feet shall have two design lanes each equal to one‐half the roadway width.

VERSION 6.2 132
Distribution Factor for Deflection 

Single Lane 

Number of Lanes = 1 lane
Lane Width = 12 feet
Number of Trusses =  2 Trusses

DF for deflection = ( 1 lane ) / ( 2 trusses ) = 0.500 Lanes

Multi‐Lane 

Number of Lanes = ( Curb to Curb Width / Lane Width ) (Round down)

Deflection Factor = ( ( # Lanes ) / # Trusses ) * Load Intensity Reduction

Curb to  Number  Load Intensity  Deflection 


Curb of Lanes Reduction Factor
ft ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ Lanes
13.25 1 100% 0.500

Note:
Load Intensity Reduction detemined from AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, 16th Ed, 3.12.1

VERSION 6.2 133
APPENDIX E: RATING FACTOR AND
TONNAGE CALCULATIONS FOR TRUSS
MEMBERS

134
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Overview References
The Purpose of this Mathcad sheet is to calculate AASHTO 2011, The Manual for Bridge Evaluation,
rating factors and tonnages for vehicle configurations Second Edition
in the Virginia Department of Transportation Structure
and Bridge Division's Instructional and Informational AASHTO 1996 with 1997 and 1998 Interim Revisions,
Memorandum IIM-S&B-27.6. Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges,
Sixteenth Edition
This sheet does not provide any analysis
calculations, but only provides calculations for rating VDOT Structure and Bridge Division Instructional and
factors and load ratings using output from Virtis 6.2 Informational Memorandum 27.6, January 7, 2008
using the BRASS LFD engine for steel truss (IIM-S&B-27.6)
members.

Notes
1. Input cells are highlighted in yellow.
2. Only LFD analysis modules
can be used to analyze trusses
in Virtis 6.2.
VDOT Vehicle Configuration Tonnages

Design Vehicles Legal Vehicles Permit Vehicles


HS20  36 ton VAType3  27 ton BP90  45 ton
VAType3S2  40 ton BP115  57.5 ton

Truss Member of Interest

U5U6 Note: For this example, the controlling member is


the member of interest.

135
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Locating Rating Information

1. After analyzing the desired truss, highlight TRUSS 1.

2. Left click the View Analysis Output icon.

3. Double click Rating Results Report.

136
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

4. An Internet Explorer window will appear. Scroll down to the Detailed Truss Member Rating Results.
See screen shots below for dead load forces, live load forces, impact factors, capacities, and live load
distribution factors.

Dead Load Force

DL  127.44 kip Notes:


1. The dead load force will be the same for each vehicle.
Therefore, record the DL force from any of the truck results
displayed.
2. Negative values are used for compression and positive values
are used for tension in the Virtis output. However, the user
should enter an absolute values into the Mathcad sheet.

137
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Live Load Force


Design Vehicles
Notes:
HS20 LL  147.20 kip
1. Negative values are used for compression
and positive values are used for tension in
Legal Vehicles Permit Vehicles
the Virtis output. However, the user should
enter an absolute values into the Mathcad VAType3LL  108.57 kip BP90LL  159.33 kip
sheet.
VAType3S2LL  127.51 kip BP115 LL  159.45 kip

Impact Factor
Note: The impact factor will be the same for each vehicle
IM  1.22
since this value is based upon the span length.

138
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Capacity

CMember  596.47 kip Notes:


1. The capacity will be the same for each vehicle.
2. Negative values are used for compression and positive
values are used for tension in the Virtis output. However,
the user should enter an absolute values into the
Mathcad sheet.

LFD Live Load Distribution Factors

DF  0.61 Note: The live load distribution factor will be the same for
each vehicle. User should use the largest value
between One Lane and Multi-Lane.

139
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Load Factors 6B.4.3 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

Dead Load Factor Live Load Factor for Inventory Live Load Factor for Operating
A1  1.30 A2inv  2.17 A2opr  1.30

Rating Factor Calculations Eq. 6B.4.1-1 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

HS-20 (Inventory) HS-20 (Operating)

CMember  A1  DL CMember  A1  DL
HS20RFinv  HS20 RFopr   3.025
A2inv HS20 LL IM DF A2opr HS20 LL IM DF

HS20RFinv  1.812 HS20 RFopr  3.025

VA Type 3 (Operating) VA Type 3S2 (Operating)

CMember  A1  DL CMember  A1  DL
VAType3RF  VAType3S2RF 
A2opr VAType3LL IM DF A2opr VAType3S2LL IM DF

VAType3RF  4.101 VAType3S2RF  3.492

BP-90 (Operating) BP-115 (Operating)

CMember  A1  DL CMember  A1  DL
BP90RF  BP115 RF 
A2opr BP90LL IM DF A2opr BP115 LL IM DF

BP90RF  2.795 BP115 RF  2.793

Note: Due to rounding of the results in the Detailed Truss Member Rating Results the rating factors may
vary slightly from the Virtis rating factors.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION

Load Rating Tonnage Calculations Eq. 6B.4.1-2 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

HS-20 (Inventory) HS-20 (Operating)

HS20LRinv = HS20RFinv . HS20 HS20LRopr = HS20RFopr . HS20

HS20LRinv  65 ton HS20 LRopr  108  ton

VA Type 3 VA Type 3S2

VAType3LR = VAType3 RF . VAType3 VAType3S2LR = VAType3S2 RF . VAType3S2

VAType3LR  110  ton VAType3S2LR  139  ton

BP-90 BP-115

BP90LR = BP90RF . BP90 BP115 LR = BP115 RF . BP115

BP90LR  125  ton BP115 LR  160  ton

Note: Due to rounding of the results in the Detailed Truss Member Rating Results the rating tonnages
may vary slightly from the Virtis rating tonnages.

141
APPENDIX F: RATING FACTOR AND
TONNAGE CALCULATIONS FOR STRINGERS

142
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Overview References
The Purpose of this Mathcad sheet is to calculate AASHTO 2011, The Manual for Bridge Evaluation,
rating factors and tonnages for vehicle configurations Second Edition
in the Virginia Department of Transportation Structure
and Bridge Division's Instructional and Informational AASHTO 1996 with 1997 and 1998 Interim Revisions,
Memorandum IIM-S&B-27.6. Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges,
Sixteenth Edition
This sheet does not provide any analysis
calculations, but only provides calculations for rating VDOT Structure and Bridge Division Instructional and
factors and load ratings using output from Virtis 6.2 Informational Memorandum 27.6, January 7, 2008
using the BRASS LFD engine for steel stringers of (IIM-S&B-27.6)
truss bridges in flexure.

Notes
1. Input cells are highlighted in yellow.
2. Only LFD analysis modules
can be used to analyze trusses
in Virtis 6.2.
VDOT Vehicle Configuration Tonnages

Design Vehicles Legal Vehicles Permit Vehicles


HS20  36 ton VAType3  27 ton BP90  45 ton
VAType3S2  40 ton BP115  57.5 ton

Member of Interest

U2S1 at 7.00 ft Note: For this example, the controlling stringer is


the member of interest at midspan. The
exterior stringers control for any stringer
unit.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Dead Load Moments

Girder Weight Superimposed Uniform Dead Load


GW  0.73 kip  ft SUDL  4.94 kip  ft

DL  GW  SUDL  5.67 ft·kip


DL  5.67 ft·kip

1. Analyze the member of interest, U2S1 (E) (C), and highlight the member alternative.

2. Left click the View Analysis Report icon.

3. Change the report type to Dead Load Actions. Then change the dead load case to retrieve the
necessary dead load moments.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Live Load Moments

Design Vehicles Legal Vehicles Permit Vehicles


HS20LL  58.73  kip ft VAType3LL  44.93  kip ft BP90LL  58.15  kip  ft

VAType3S2LL  44.93  kip ft BP115 LL  60.88  kip ft

1. Change the report type to Live Load Actions. Then change the live load and live load type

Note: User should use the maximum moment between the axle load and lane load for the HS20 vehicle.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Capacity

1. Analyze the member of interest, U2S1 (E) (C), and highlight the member alternative.

Capacity for Strength Capacity for Service

CSTR  179.6  kip  ft CSER  128.6  kip  ft

2. Left click the View Analysis Output icon.

3. Left click Output File under BRASS LFD.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

4. The BRASS LFD output file will open. Scroll down to the Factored Actions section for the the controlling
location.

147
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Load Factors for Strength 6B.4.3 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

Dead Load Factor Live Load Factor for Inventory Live Load Factor for Operating
A1  1.30 A2inv  2.17 A2opr  1.30

Rating Factor Calculations for Strength Eq. 6B.4.1-1 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

HS-20 (Inventory) HS-20 (Operating)

CSTR  A1  DL CSTR  A1  DL
HS20RFinvSTR  HS20 RFoprSTR 
A2inv HS20LL A2opr HS20 LL

HS20RFinvSTR  1.351 HS20 RFoprSTR  2.256

VA Type 3 (Operating) VA Type 3S2 (Operating)

CSTR  A1  DL CSTR  A1  DL
VAType3RFSTR  VAType3S2RFSTR 
A2opr VAType3LL A2opr VAType3S2LL

VAType3RFSTR  2.949 VAType3S2RFSTR  2.949

BP-90 (Operating) BP-115 (Operating)

CSTR  A1  DL CSTR  A1  DL
BP90RFSTR  BP115 RFSTR 
A2opr BP90LL A2opr BP115 LL

BP90RFSTR  2.278 BP115 RFSTR  2.176

Note: Due to rounding of the results in the LFD BRASS output, the rating factors may vary slightly from the
Virtis rating factors.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Load Factors for Service 6B.5.3 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

Dead Load Factor Live Load Factor for Inventory Live Load Factor for Operating
A3  1.00 A4inv  1.67 A4opr  1.00

Rating Factor Calculations for Service Eq. 6B.4.1-1 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

HS-20 (Inventory) HS-20 (Operating)

CSER  A3  DL CSER  A3  DL
HS20RFinvSER  HS20 RFoprSER 
A4inv HS20LL A4opr HS20 LL

HS20RFinvSER  1.253 HS20 RFoprSER  2.093

VA Type 3 (Operating) VA Type 3S2 (Operating)

CSER  A3  DL CSER  A3  DL
VAType3RFSER  VAType3S2RFSER 
A4opr VAType3LL A4opr VAType3S2LL

VAType3RFSER  2.736 VAType3S2RFSER  2.736

BP-90 (Operating) BP-115 (Operating)

CSER  A3  DL CSER  A3  DL
BP90RFSER  BP115 RFSER 
A4opr BP90LL A4opr BP115 LL

BP90RFSER  2.114 BP115 RFSER  2.019

Note: Due to rounding of the results in the LFD BRASS output, the rating factors may vary slightly from
the Virtis rating factors.

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VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF SIMPLE SPAN STEEL TRUSS: LOAD RATING EXAMPLE
TRANSPORTATION STRINGERS

Load Rating Tonnage Calculations Eq. 6B.4.1-2 Manual for Bridge Evaluation, 2011

Note: Mathcad sheet uses the controlling load factors (Strength vs. Service) to calculate the load rating
tonnages.

HS-20 (Inventory) HS-20 (Operating)

HS20LRinv = HS20RFinv . HS20 HS20LRopr = HS20RFopr . HS20

HS20LRinv  45 ton Controls1  "SERVICE" HS20 LRopr  75 ton Controls2  "SERVICE"

VA Type 3 VA Type 3S2

VAType3LR = VAType3 RF . VAType3 VAType3S2LR = VAType3S2 RF . VAType3S2

VAType3LR  73 ton Controls3  "SERVICE" VAType3S2LR  109  ton Controls4  "SERVICE"

BP-90 BP-115

BP90LR = BP90RF . BP90 BP115 LR = BP115 RF . BP115

BP90LR  95 ton Controls5  "SERVICE" BP115 LR  116  ton Controls6  "SERVICE"

Note: Due to rounding of the results in the LFD BRASS output, the rating tonnages may vary slightly from
the Virtis rating tonnages.

150
APPENDIX G: LFD RATING FORM 
 

151
LOAD RATING SUMMARY FORM FOR STRUCTURES

Rte.: 00645, Tapps Ford Road


Over: Rappahannock River

Va. Str. No.: 6903


Fed. ID: 07323

County: Fauquier
District: Culpeper

Rated By: ABC Date: 11/01/11


Checked By: XYZ Date: 11/17/11 Signature: ____________________
VDOT Reviewer: ____________ Name: ______________ Date:______

Calculation Tools/Method Used: Virtis 6.2 – BRASS LFD Engine


Basis for Rating:
GVW RATING CONTROLLING CONTROLLING CONTROLLING
(TONS) MEMBERS LOCATION (FT) FORCE
DESIGN LOAD FACTOR
***HL-93 (INV) N/A --- --- --- ---
***HL-93 (OPR) N/A --- --- --- ---
TONS
HS-20 (INV) 36 45 Ext. Stringers 7.00 ft Serviceability - Steel
HS-20 (OPR) 36 75 Ext. Stringers 7.00 ft Serviceability - Steel
LEGAL LOADS TONS **
VA Type 3 27 72 Ext. Stringers 8.40 ft Serviceability - Steel
VA Type 3S2 40 107 Ext. Stringers 8.40 ft Serviceability - Steel
*, ***LANE 40 --- --- --- ---
PERMIT LOAD TONS
BP-90 45 92 Floorbeams 6.25 ft Serviceability - Steel
BP-115 57.5 113 Floorbeams 6.25 ft Serviceability - Steel
SH VEHICLES TONS **
NRL 40 --- --- --- ---
SU4 27 --- --- --- ---
SU5 31 --- --- --- ---
SU6 34.75 --- --- --- ---
SU7 38.75 --- --- --- ---
* Not applicable for single spans less than and equal to 200 feet.
** FOR LFR or ASD: Denote if it is a mid range or operating level for posting and provide the safe posting load.
*** Not applicable for LF/AS rating methods.
**** Denotes does not meet the rating requirements.
Consulting Firm, Inc.
152

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LOAD RATING SUMMARY FORM FOR STRUCTURES

INSPECTION REPORT USED FOR THIS RATING: 0306903-000000000007323 04/25/2008

ASSUMPTIONS/COMMENTS BY LOAD RATING ENGINEER:

Bridge No. 07323 – One Simple Span Steel Pony Truss Bridge

1. Plan 286-07 was used for the analysis.

2. An additional self load of 0.359 kip/ft was applied to each truss to account for the gusset
plates, railing, bolts, etc.

3. Fictitious end floorbeams were modeled in the Virtis analysis file. The vertical forces
placed on the truss at the ends due to the fictitious floorbeams were then added to the
truss input as an upward load since Virtis cannot handle a truss without an end
floorbeam.

Latest version of this form is SB502 and is available on the VDOT Structure and Bridge web site under “Useful Information.”

153

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