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# 2010 AIAMI EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES CONFERENCE

## BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING

FOR K-12 FACILITIES

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

What is BIM?
How can BIM work for you?

INTRODUCTION

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION :: QUESTION
in educational facilities?

1. Architect, Engineer,
Designer
2. Constructor
3. Owner/Operator /
4. Facility manager
6. Other?

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION :: QUESTION
How Many Facilities

1. 1-5
2. 6-14
3. 15-40
4. More

A TECHNOLOGY
A PROCESS
A GAME-CHANGER

WHAT IS BIM?

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

I is for Information
Relational
3D?

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: INFORMATION

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: RELATIONAL

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: RELATIONAL

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: RELATIONAL
Relational data allows coordination,
and discovery
of relationships

allows us to take multiple pieces of Information and cross reference them, making
connections, finding correlations between content and criteria that inform design
decisions and streamline coordination.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: PARAMETRIC
In statistics, a parametric model or parametric family or finite-dimensional model is a family of
distributions that can be described using a finite number of parameters. These parameters are
usually collected together to form a single k-dimensional parameter vector θ = (θ1, θ2, …, θk).

In 3D Software, Parametric means that the Data drives the Form, a reversed relationship from the idea

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: PARAMETRIC
Parametric Modeling produces very functional traditional objects

And allows complex data to be used to create solutions to complex problems, or interesting forms.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: 3D
IS BIM 3D?
Not Necessarily, but a Building is 3D, so it’s likely that 3D
information is stored in the information Model.
If not 3D, What is BIM?
• Constraints
• Relationships
• Organizational Structure
• “Parametric”
3D Models, and 2D Drawings are a common side-
effect of a BIM

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: 1D, 2D, 3D, 4D +

2D
1D
BIM
Database

3D Drawing Sheets

4D..
Graphics
Ideas

data
3D+ - Cost
Time, Etc.

## Rapid Live motion

Proto-typing visualizations
Visualization

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: 3D
Integrating Information from
Multiple Sources
2D Construction / Finite Element
Analysis Consolidated Information =
Bid Documents
Energy Analysis better Database
Green Building Studio

Interior CFD
VRML & Comfort Levels
walkthroughs
Exterior CFD Construction Phasing
3D Massing Airflow Analysis & Scheduling Visualization
And Analysis
Automated
LEED Scheduling Rendering
Visualization

Rapid Prototyping

## Solar Radiation BIM Clash Detection

& 3D Coordination
Studies Revit model

Weather
Envelope / Artificial Lighting Analysis
Site Analysis
Daylighting Analysis

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: LIKE CAD?
Same Goals
Same Start Point
Same Endpoint
Very different path

IDEA / CONSTRUCTED
CONCEPT FACILITY

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: LIKE CAD?

 Concepts &Definitions
 Drafting:
 Simple,

 Reliable,

##  Easy to understand  Slow

 Easy to fix  Inaccurate
 Simple to maintain  Representational

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: LIKE CAD?

 Concepts &Definitions
 Simple,

##  Reliable,  Less Slow

 Less Easy to understand  Less Inaccurate
 Less Easy to fix  Representational
 Less Simple to maintain  Same Concept… better
technology.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: TECHNOLOGY :: LIKE CAD?

CONSTRUCTED
CONCEPT

FACILITY
IDEA /
 Concepts &Definitions
 BIM
 Goals are the same, Different technology

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM @ URS :: CONCEPTS
Concepts &Definitions
BIM
Who will pilot the
development of the
Information Model?

## There are consequences

to letting
inexperienced/untrained
users steer..

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM IS: A PROCESS

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: COLLABORATIVE

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: COLLABORATIVE
Design work shops Design work shops
how
VE Design work shops BIM work shops

OPTION B

landscape

OPTION 1
BIM work shops

design
OPTION 2

planning OPTION 3
OPTION A

OPTION 4

way finding

planning

design

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: COLLABORATIVE
Integrating Information from
Multiple Sources

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: COLLABORATIVE
Integrating Information from
Multiple Sources
Consolidated Information =
better Database

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: HOLISTIC
Integrating as much information as possible into a
single, coordinated database.

## Capturing Intentions and Values

Measuring Solutions

BIM
information

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: HOLISTIC :: INFORMING THE PROCESS

VRML
walkthroughs Finite Element
3D Massing Analysis Construction Phasing
And Analysis & Scheduling Visualization
Energy Analysis
Green Building Studio
Laser Scanning

Clash Detection
Studies
& 3D Coordination
Automated
LEED Scheduling
Rendering
Visualization
Artificial Lighting Analysis
Weather
Envelope / Daylighting Analysis
Site Analysis Exterior CFD
Airflow Analysis Interior CFD
& Comfort Levels

Ideas/Sketches/Tests/Validation/Revisions/Refinements/Solutions

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Aspirations.. “what do we want the school to be”
Formal

Study
Investigati

Model
In

Design/
on

Construction 2D Plots /

Files
Draft/
Model
Documents DWF / PDF

## Light Levels Design Validation,

Analysis

Analysis
Code Compliance

Lighting

software
Model
Structural Validation

Analysis
Structural
BIM :: PROCESS :: HOLISTIC :: PRE BIM

tion
Visualiza

Animations/Video Fundraising

Code
Data
Com-
Check

Compliance/
Approval

Code
Model
Energy

## Costs, System Sizing, LEED

Analysis

Compliance/
Documentation Approval, LEED
BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES
BIM :: PROCESS :: HOLISTIC :: CONSOLIDATION

Construction Documents
•Accurate, Synchronized
•3D Information
•Staging/Scheduling
•Clash Detection
•Shop Drawing Verification

Renderings
•Facilities Management •Public Support
•Fundraising

BIM
Revit model

Database Plug-ins
•Structural Validation QTO
•Energy Modeling
•Live Costs/ Quantities
•System Sizing
•Design Analysis

GBXML
•Energy Model
•Lighting Levels
•Comcheck

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: HOLISTIC
Integrating Information from
Multiple Sources
Consolidated Information =
better Database

Delivery

Construction
Documents

Renderings

BIM QTO
Revit model

Analysis
Data
Extensions

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: ITERATIVE

## Requirements Analysis & Design

Planning Implementation

Initial
Planning
Deployment

Evaluation Testing

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

•All Hands
•Define Parameters, Goals
Kickoff •Define success for the phase

•Team Requirements

1
•Design Goals
•Evaluate/Steer
Round

•Team Requirements

2
•Design Goals
•Evaluate/Steer
Round

•Team Requirements

3
•Design Goals
•Evaluate/Steer
Round

•Team Requirements
•Design Goals
QC •Evaluate/Steer

•All Hands
•Prep for next phase
Closeout

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: ITERATIVE :: DIVERGENCE/GOALS
Not more meetings…

## Not more drawings…

richer discussions

Phase/Effort/Focus

## Way points, Collaboration

sessions, Contact

opportunities

limitations

## Individual design solution

progress/direction

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: ITERATIVE ::
Not more meetings…

## Not more drawings…

richer discussions

## More integrated and

frequent contact reduces
the time individual
designers and disciplines
spend developing
potentially divergent
strategies.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: ITERATIVE :: TIME & ENERGY SAVINGS
Not more meetings…

## Not more drawings…

richer discussions

## More integrated and

frequent contact reduces
the time spent
developing potentially
divergent strategies.

## Integrated Modeling and

design can create more
focus, and reduce lost
time, increasing
efficiency.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

If This is good because
Drawings, Documents Good Data makes good
are side effects of a design
well-constructed
Building Information Early Data means more
Database informed decisions
Then
Building the database Early Data = Opportunity
has to come first. for early analysis.
So
Database Development
output.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: PROCESS :: IPD
IPD = Integrated Project Delivery
Owner
/Operator
Leverage the benefits of BIM (district)

## IPD IS NOT BIM Integrated

Contract
Constructors Designers
Nor is BIM IPD (Contractor, (Architects,
CM, GC) Engineers

Shared Risk
Collaborative Design
Shared Reward
Project Savings
performance goals

A GAME-CHANGER

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM :: GAME CHANGER
BIM AFFECTS NEARLY EVERY ASPECT OF THE
FACILITY DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTINO PROCESS.

CONTRACTS
BILLING
DISTRICT / ARCHITECT / CONSULTANT RELATIONSHIPS
DESIGN PROCESS
UNDERSTANDING THE DESIGN
BIDDING MATERIALS
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
OPPORTUNITIES FOR OPERATIONS

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

DESIGN :: LEVERAGE THE TOOLS
Increased value
Creative solutions
Better Facilities

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

DURING DESIGN
DURING CONSTRUCTION
AFTER OCCUPANCY

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Clarity of Communication, Interaction
Coordination, Synergy
Documentation
Analysis (LEED?)

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Have you ever
for a facility or remodel?

1. None
2. One
3. Several
4. Don’t Know

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Clear communication –
Pre-Visualization
Documented Goals

## Improved quality of life

Affordable
Human Scale

Stronger community
Mixed Use Planning
Medium Density Policy Making

Social Benefits
Smart Growth

Better health
Diversity/Density
Land Use/Zoning

Energy Use
Water Distribution
Drainage
Renewable Energy Parks
Utility Parking
Bike Path
Street Network
Mass Transportation
Zero-Carbon Campus Network

Consumption/Waste
Recycling
Composting
Green Building
Local Economy LEED Certification

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

EXAMPLE :: VALIDATE FORM :: RAPID PROTOTYPING
VALIDATING DESIGN
VR Tours make design decisions accessible.
Rapid Prototypes enhance conversations about form.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

2D document review,
integrated into the model

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

3D clash detection and
coordination review,
based directly on the
model

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

You can Leverage the BIM Database
(if the Data is in there.)
Performance
Cost
Sustainability
Efficiency
Future extensions

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

PV Performance
Average Temperatures

Solar Envelope
Prevailing Wind
Average Cloud Cover

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Integrated Sustainability goals and tracking
(Is BIM sustainable? Depends on how it’s used.)

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

DESIGN ADVANTAGES :: ANALYSIS :: PROGRAM VALIDATION
Real-time feedback on
program requirements

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

True Daylighting and Artificial lighting levels
Direct from Construction Documents
Actual light fixtures and materials

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Airflow
Fume Hoods
Thermal Transfer, Comfort
Acoustics

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Coordination
Just -In-Time
Schedule Tracking
Verification
Overall Efficiency

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Sequencing / Planning

Eliminate Waste
Enhance Safety

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

WHAT DO YOU WANT IN YOUR DATABASE?
Inventory
Moves, Occupancy, Scheduling
Maintenance, Tracking, fulfillment
Organization, Filing, paperwork, Warranties

FACILITIES MANAGEMENT

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

FACILITIES MANAGEMENT :: QUESTION
How do you manage
Facility and maintenance
information?

1. Paper, Files
3. Database
4. FM Software

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

What equipment, Where

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Class Scheduling
Move Coordination
Equipment
Locations

Equipment
Status
Maintenance
Schedules
Warranty
Information
Parts List,
Replacement
Part Inventory

Equipment
Status
Maintenance
Schedules
Warranty
Information
Parts List,
Replacement
Part Inventory

Equipment
Status
Maintenance
Schedules
Warranty
Information
Parts List,
Replacement
Part Inventory

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

COBIE
Construction to Operations Building Information Exchange

## A Filing system for Building Documents

Plans, drawings, details
Warranty Documents
Instruction Manuals
Replacement Part Inventory
Space, System
& Equipment
Layout

## Design Build Operate

Product Data,
As-Built Layout,
Tag/ Serial #,
Warranties, Spares

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Other Tools for managing FM Data
COBIE
Web-based FM Products
SharePoint and other document management and
workflow systems.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

HOW TO ASK FOR BIM THAT PAYS
HOW TO UTILIZE BIM DURING OCCUPANCY

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

ASSESS PROBLEMS / COSTS
SELECT ISSUES
PLAN
SPECIFY
VERIFY

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR YOU :: QUESTION
What concern
do you think BIM may best help

1. Maintenance Costs
2. Records; Filing, Organization
3. Optimal Design
(efficiency & performance)

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: COSTS
HOLISTIC VIEW OF FACILITIES PROBLEMS / COSTS
LOOK AT OPERATIONS, WHAT ISSUES CAN YOU ADDRESS
PLAN TO USE THE DATA

## SPECIFY HOW YOU WILL USE THE DATA

TO THOSE THAT WILL PROVIDE IT
VERIFY DATA DELIVERY

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: COSTS
2009 Private Sector Office Building Expense Ratios
(BOMA)

Grounds, 2% 11%
Fixed Expenses,
35%
Utilities, 19%

Cleaning, 12%
Repairs, 15%

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: COSTS
Viewed over a 30 year period, initial building costs account
for approximately just 2% of the total, while operations
and maintenance costs equal 6%, and personnel costs
equal 92%.
Source: Sustainable Building Technical Manual / Joseph J. Romm, Lean and Clean Management,
1994.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: COSTS
Energy Costs = \$1/SF/year on average
30 Year HVAC System Cost

Energy
Maintenance
Replacement
Installation

Image: (Courtesy of Washington State Department of General Administration)

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: COSTS
A typical school district with 4,000 students
pays over \$400,000 for energy-related
utilities each year. Incorporating
energy-efficient design improvements 8%
could potentially save that district over 5%
\$100,000 annually, enough to pay for
three maintenance positions; 7%
replacement of gym bleachers; all roof
maintenance, repair, and replacement 48%
needs over the life of the facilities; or
annual requirements for instructional
supplies.

## --US Department of Energy, "Energy Smart Building Choices" 32%

http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/30559.pdf

## (Chart) 38th Annual Maintenance & Operations Cost Study for

Schools
Apr 1, 2009 12:00 PM, By Joe Agron (jagron@asumag.com) Payroll Energy / Utilities
How the M&O budget is split
(based on median dollars per FTE student) Equipment Contract Labor
Data from the 38th Annual Maintenance & Operations Cost
Study for Schools
Other

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: PLAN
Payback: Existing Standards:
COBIE = Construction Operations
Building Information Exchange
CIS/2 = CIMsteel Integration
Standards (structural Steel Only)
Penn State BIM Delivery Standard
NIBS National BIM Standard
AIA IPDG and E202
Model Progression Matrix

## What are your capabilities? What processes will you use to

manage BIM data after
construction?
What processes will benefit?
What needs do you want to
How will you verify that
needs?

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: PLAN
Process ::
BIM Planning Guide, LOD/Responsibility
Matrix, Model Coordination and
Collaboration Procedures

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: PLAN
Process ::
BIM Planning Guide, LOD/Responsibility
Matrix, Model Coordination and
Collaboration Procedures

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: PLAN
Planning Construction
Usage

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

MAKE BIM PAY :: PLAN
Computer Power :: Computer Benchmarking, New Hardware Standards

Interoperability ::
Regional reference directory, configuration, installation, and unified template

Dataset Integrity ::
Training, Review Tools

Process ::
BIM Planning Guide, LOD/Responsibility Matrix, Model Coordination and Collaboration
Procedures

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

OPERATIONS :: CHANGES :: CONTRACTS & BILLING

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

You don't have to invest in software.
You don't have to invest in computer hardware.
You do have to have a plan.
You do have to know your data is good.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR FM :: CHOOSE PLATFORM
CONSISTENCY
USABILITY
FOCUSED ON GOALS

## Doesn’t have to be:

Facilities Management Software
Revit

## What will work?

Any ODBC Database: SQL Server, MS Access, Oracle…

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR FM :: SPECIFY DATA
OPERATIONAL NEEDS

MAINTENANCE CRITERIA

INDUSTRY STANDARDS

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR FM :: SPECIFY DATA :: INDUSTRY STANDARDDS
Industry Consensus Standards
National BIM Standard http://www.facilityinformationcouncil.org/bim/
http://www.facilityinformationcouncil.org/bim/pdfs/NBIMSv1_p1.pdf
AIA http://www.aia.org/ipdg
CIS/2 http://cic.nist.gov/vrml/cis2.html
COBIE http://www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php

Municipal
State of Wisconsin Wisconsin DSF BIM Guidelines and Standards http://www.doa.state.wi.us/dsf/masterspec_view_new.asp?catid=61&locid=4
State of Texas Press Release and Contact http://www.tfc.state.tx.us/communities/facilities/prog/construct/
GSA 3D-4D Building Information Modeling

Higher Ed
Indiana University http://www.indiana.edu/~uao/iubim.html
Penn Sate university http://www.engr.psu.edu/ae/cic/bimex/procedure.aspx

Corporate
General Motors
GAP, Target, Wal-Mart, Starbucks, Sam’s Clubs
Yum Brands

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR FM :: SPECIFY DATA :: CHOOSE A PILOT

## Indiana University BIM Capabilities Matrix

(prequalified BIM providers)

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

Opportunities
to increase value
Reduce cost
improve facility performance
A Better Design Process
A Better Construction Process
Tools to manage Facilities and Maintenance
Leverage for the future

CONCLUSION

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES
THANK YOU

QUESTIONS…

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

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## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES :: EFFECTIVE PROCESSES

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

AIA, Continuing Education

“POP” QUIZ

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
The BIM acronym stands for:

## 1. Better Invest More

2. Building Information Modeling
3. Building Interesting Machines
4. Base Information
Management

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
To Use an Autodesk Revit
BIM Database you can
use:

1. Autodesk Revit
2. Microsoft Access or Excel
3. Revit Compatible FM Software
4. Any of the above

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
Is BIM good for sustainable
design?

1. No
2. Depends on how you use it
3. Yes, Always
4. Only when created with
recycled computers.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
Is BIM an extra cost?

## 1. Depends on what the

operating definition of BIM is.
2. Depends on what the
definition of IS is.
3. Yes, Always.
4. No, Never.

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
Is a BIM a 3D Model?

1. Yes
2. No
3. Maybe

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

INTRODUCTION
What do the innards of a
true BIM look most like?

2. A 3D Model
3. A Relational Database
4. An Amphibian

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

This concludes the AIA, Continuing Education

POP QUIZ

## BIM FOR K-12 FACILITIES

2010 AIAMI EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES CONFERENCE

## BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING

FOR K-12 FACILITIES

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