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SAMPLEQUESTIONPAPER02

Class-X(2017–18)

Mathematics

Timeallowed:3Hours

GeneralInstructions:

(i)Allquestionsarecompulsory.

(ii)Thequestionpaperconsistsof30questionsdividedintofoursectionsA,B,CandD.

(iii)SectionAcontains6questionsof1markeach.SectionBcontains6questionsof2marks

each.SectionCcontains10questionsof3markseach.SectionDcontains8questionsof4

markseach. (iv)Thereisnooverallchoice.However,aninternalchoicehasbeenprovidedinfour

questionsof3markseachandthreequestionsof4markseach.Youhavetoattemptonlyone

ofthealternativesinallsuchquestions.

(v)Useofcalculatorsisnotpermitted.

Max.Marks:80

SECTION-A

respectively.Thenfindp(x).

2.WhichtermoftheA.P92,88,84,80,

is0?

3.FindtheratioinwhichtheYaxisdividesthelinesegmentjoiningthepoints(5,-6)and(-1,

-4).

4.IfPTisatangentdrawnfromapointPtoacircletouchingitatT,andOisthecentreofthe

circle,then OPT+ POTis

5.Iftwotowersofheightsh 1 andh 2 subtendanglesof60°and30°respectively,atthemid-

pointofthelinejoiningtheirfeet,thenh 1 :h 2 is

SECTION-B

7.Solvefor‘x’bycompletingthesquaremethod:

8.Findthe7 th termfromtheendoftheA.P.7,10,13,

184.

9.Find‘a’sothat(3,a)liesonthelinerepresentedby2x-3y-5=0.Also,findthecoordinates

ofthepointwherethelinecutsthexaxis.

10.ABCisarighttriangleright-angledatB.LetDandEbeanypointsonABandBC

respectively.ProvethatAE 2 +CD 2 =AC 2 +DE 2 .

largercirclewhichtouchesthesmallercircle.

heightsare4cmand8cm.Findtheratiooftheirvolumes.

SECTION-C

13.Apartofmonthlyexpensesofafamilyisconstantandtheremainingvarieswiththe

priceofrice.WhenthecostofriceisRs.250perquintal,themonthlyexpenditureofthe

familyisRs.1000andwhenthecostofriceisRs.240perquintalthemonthlyexpenditureis

Rs.980.FindthemonthlyexpenditureofthefamilywhenthecostofriceisRs.300per

 quintal. 14.Provethat isirrational.

15.UseEuclid’sdivisionalgorithmtofindtheHCFof4052and12576.

16.TheSumS n offirst‘n’evennaturalnumbersisgivenbytherelationS n =n(n+1).Findn,if

thesumis420.

Or

30installmentsarepaidhediesleavingonethirdofthedebtunpaid.Findthevalueofthe

firstinstallment.

17.FindthecoordinatesofthepointsoftrisectionofthelinesegmentjoiningthepointsA(1,

-2)andB(-3,4).

Or

Ifthepoints(p,q)(M,n)and(p–m,q–n)arecollinear,showthatpn=qm.

anexternalpointP.Provethat

Or

20.Findthevalueof

21.Twodifferentdicearethrowntogether.Writeallthepossibleoutcomes.Findthe

probabilitythattheproductofthenumbersappearingonthetopofthediceislessthan9.

Or

Anilbagscontain5redmarbles,8whitemarblesand4greenmarbles.Onemarbleistaken

outoftheboxatrandom.Whatistheprobabilitythatthemarbletakenoutwillbe

(i)Red

(ii)White

(iii)Notgreen

remainingcardsarewellshuffledandonecardisdrawnatrandomfromit.Findthe

probabilityofgettingtheselectedcardas(i)aheart(ii).aking(iii).aclub

SECTION-D

number,thedigitsinterchangetheirplaces.Findthenumber.

Solveforx,y:

Or

24.Acontractonconstructionjobspecifiesapenaltyfordelayofcompletionbeyonda

certaindateasfollows:Rs.200forthefirstday,Rs.250forthesecondday,Rs.300forthe

thirdday,etc.,thepenaltyforeachsucceedingdaybeingRs.50morethatforprecedingday.

(i)Howmuchmoneythecontractorhastopayaspenalty,ifhehasdelayedtheworkby30

days?

(ii)Whichmoralvalueonecanlearnfromaboveproblem?

angleof60°.

Or

2.6cmandmeasureitslength.Alsoverifythemeasurementsbyactualcaclulations.(lengthof

tangent=2.1cm)

26.Provethat

cm 2 .

28.TheangleofelevationofanaeroplanefromapointAonthegroundis60 0 .Afteraflight

of30seconds,theangleofelevationchangesto30 0 .Iftheplaneisflyingataconstantheight

of

m,findthespeedinkm/hroftheplane.

FindthevolumeandSurfaceAreaofthedoubleconesoformed.(Usep=3.14)

30.Duringthemedicalcheck-upof35studentsofaclass,theirweightswererecordedas

 follows Weight Less Less Less Less Less Less Less Less (inkg) than38 than40 than42 than44 than46 than48 than50 than52 No.of Students 0 3 5 9 14 28 32 35

Drawalessthantypeogiveforthegivendata.Hence,obtainthemedianweightfromthe

graphandverifytheresultbyusingtheformula.

Or

ComputetheMeanandMedian forthegivendata.

 Class–interval 100-110 110-120 120-130 130-140 140-150 150-160 Frequency 6 35 48 72 100 4

CBSESAMPLEPAPER02

CLASSX-Mathematics

MarkingScheme

1.x 2 -7x+10

2.24 th termis0.

3.5:1

4.90°

5.3:1

6.

7.

=

8.d=-3;a=184

a 7 =a+6d

=184+6(-3)

=184–18

=166

9.Since(3,a)lieson2x–3y-5=0,

2(3)–3a–5=0

a=1/3

Lettheco-ordinateofthepointwhichcutsthexaxisbe(x,0).

2x–3(0)-5=0.

x=5/2

(5/2,0)isthepointofintersectionwithx–axis

10.

Since

ABEisrighttriangle,right-angledatB

AE 2 =AB 2 +BE 2

(i)

Again,

DBCisrighttriangleright-angledatB

(ii)

CD 2 =BD 2 +BC 2

AE 2 +CD 2 =(AB 2 +BE 2 )+(BD 2 +BC 2 )

AE 2 +CD 2 =(AB 2 +BC 2 )+(BE 2 +BD 2 )

UsingPythagorastheoremin

ABCand DBEwehave

AE 2 +CD 2 =AC 2 +DE 2

11.

HerePQistangenttosmallercircle.

ORPQ
Nowin
PRO,
2
PR
+OR 2 =OP 2
2
PR
+3 2 =5 2
PR=

PR=QR(Perpendicularfromthecentreofthecirclebisectsthechord)

Lengthofthechordofthelargercircle=PQ=2PR=2×4=8cm.

12.Volumeofcylinder:Volumeofcone

=25:6

13.LettheconstantexpenditurebeRs.x

Lettheconsumptionofricebythefamilybeyquintals.

x+250y=1000------------------(1)

x+240y=980-------------------(2)

Solving(1)and(2)

x=500;y=2

TotalexpenditurewhenthecostofriceisRs.300=x+300y

=Rs.1100

14.Suppose
isrational
But
irrationalwhile

rationalnumber.

isrationalandanirrationalnumbercanneverbeequaltoa

Thusourassumptioniswrongandhence

isirrational

15.Since12576>4052,weapplythedivisionlemmato12576and4052,toget

12576=4052×3+420

4052=420×9+272

420=272×1+148

272=148×1+124

148=124×1+24

124=24×5+4

24=4×6+0

Theremainderhasnowbecomezero,soourprocedurestops.

HCFof12576and4052is4.

16.n(n+1)=420

n 2 +n–420=0

n=-21,20

ncannotbenegativen=20

17.

LetP(x 1 ,y 1 ),Q(x 2 ,y 2 )divideABinto3equalparts.

PdividedABintheratioof1:2

P(x 1 ,y 1 )=
=
SinceQisthemidpointofPB,
Q(x 2 ,y 2 )=
=

18.

Given:

BC.

Proof:

In

ABD,ByPythagorastheorem,

AB 2 =AD 2 +BD 2

BD=
AB 2 =
2
AB

19.Given:-(i)PQandPRarethetangentsofthecircle

(ii)Oisthecentreofthecircle

Toprove:

Construction:JoinORandOP

Similarly,OQ PQ

(anglesinsamesegment)…

Also
……….(2)
From(1)and(2)

[from(1)]

(1)

Henceproved

20.
=
=
=1+1–2

=0

20.S={(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(1,4),(1,5),(1,6),

(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(2,4),(2,5),(2,6),

(3,1),(3,2),(3,3),(3,4),(3,5),(3,6),

(4,1),(4,2),(4,3),(4,4),(4,5),(4,6),

(5,1),(5,2),(5,3),(5,4),(5,5),(5,6),

(6,1),(6,2),(6,3),(6,4),(6,5),(6,6)}

n(S)=36

Favourableevents:(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(1,4),(1,5),(1,6),(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(2,4),(3,1),(3,2),(4,1)

,(4,2),(5,1),(6,1)

n(E)=16
P(E)=

22.

Totalnumberofcards=52

Numberofcardsremoved=3

n(s)=52-3=49

i)P(heart)=
ii)P(aking)=

iii)P(aclub)=

23.LetTwodigitnumber=10x+y

xy=12-------(1)

10x+y+36=10y+x

x–y=-4--------(2)

from1and2wegetx 2 +4x–12=0

x=-6,2

xcannotbenegative,sox=2

y=12/2=6

Requirednumberis26

24.Therequiredsequenceis200,250,300,350,

a=200,d=50,n=30

ThecontractorhastopayRs.27,750.

Value:Oneshouldbepunctualandshowdedicationtohiswork,failingofwhichmayresult

loss.

25.

Construct

satQ,RtomeetatP.

JoinOQandORandtheyarerequiredtangents.

26.LHS=

27.

Areaofsquare-Areaof4sectors=

6r 2 =24

r 2 =4

r=±2

28.

LetPbethepositionoftheflightinitially.

AndBPbetheheightoftheflightfromtheground.

Consider

ABP,

Consider
ACQ,

BC=AC–AB=10,800–3600=7200m

Speedoftheflight=

=864km/hr

29.OA=12cm

30.BylocatingupperlimitsonXaxisandnumberofstudentsonYaxis,wegetthefollowing

graph

Fromthegraph,weseethatmedianis46.5.

Thefrequencydistributiontablewiththegivencumulativefrequenciesbecomes:

 ClassIntervals Frequency CumulativeFrequency Below38 0 0 38-40 3 3 40-42 2 5 42-44 4 9 44-46 5 14
 46-48 14 28 48-50 4 32 50-52 3 35

Heren/2=35/2=17.5.

Now46–48istheclasswhosecumulativefrequencyis28isgreaterthann/2i.e17.5.

So,46–48isthemedianclass.

Fromthetablef=14,cf=14,h=2

Median=

=46+0.5

=46.5