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INSTRUMENT

STORAGE DEVICE

Parts of the main memory of a computer are volatile i.e. when the computer is switched off.
Information in the memory is lost. Storage deices are therefore used to provide a more permanent
backing stores. They do this by storing the information on a media such as magnetic tap or magnetic
disc storage. Devices which use a laser beam to store information on video discs are also being
developed.

Each group of information stored in a backing store is referred as file. The use of storage devices
allows an almost unlimited number of files to be stored. However, before a particular file can be used,
it must be transferred to the main memory, otherwise it can’t be accessed.

The time taken to find a file and transfer it from the backing store to the main memory is called the
access time. This affects the speed of the computer system and in deciding which type of storage
device to use.

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS BASED ON THE PASSAGE ABOVE

1. What is the main idea of paragraph one ?

2. “ ________ before particular file can be used_____” (paragraph 2) What is the synonym of
“particular word”

3. “_______ almost unlimited number of files to be stored” (paragraph 2). What is the antonym of
“unlimited” word?

4. What will happen if we don’t transfer the file to the main memory?

5. What is volatile ?

FIND THE PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES OF THESE WORDS

6. Understand 9. Danger

7. Like 10. Beauty

8. Organize

Answer key: Score

1. Computer memory is volatile 1

2. Specific 1

3. Limited 1

4. The information in memory is lost 1

5. Volatile is part of main memory of a computer 1


6. Misunderstand 1

7. Dislike 1

8. Organization 1

9. Dangerous 1

10. Beautiful 1

INSTRUMENT

HAMBURG PAPER COMPANY

POSTFACH 806010

RUNGERDAMM 2

2050 HAMBURG 80 GERMANY

February 26, 2007

Mr. Frank Knockaert

Cresto Inc.

26 Aventure Marnix

B. 1000 Brussels

Belgium

Dear Mr. Knoackarts In response to your letter of February 23, we apologize for the error in your
shipment. We are sending immediately the additional 1000 cases of facsimile paper. Model P-345X
that should have been included in the shipment.

We value our relations with your company and we regret the inconvenience for the incomplete
shipment may have caused you. We assure you that this will not happen in the future. Sincerely
yours,

Gertude Rombach

Gertude Rombach

Manager, Order department

1. What I the purpose of the letter?


a. to convince c. to introduce a new product

b. to apologize d. to complain about product

2. What was not included in the shipment

a. the letter c. the model P-345 X

b. the 1000 cases d. the facsimile paper

3. What will Hamburg Paper Company do to improve their service?

a. they will send an apology letter next time

b. they will make sure that shipment is complete

c. they will break their relationship with other companies

d. they will ship the additional 1000 cases of facsimile

4. “But it’s exciting and the views you get from the car are wonderful. The synonym of this word is....
a. Facilities c. service

b. Scenery d. focus

5. A : How much did your bag cost ?

B : Two hundred thousand Rupiah

A : Oh dear, how expensive it is ! The antonym of the underlined word is …

a. Easy c. cheap

b. little .. d. simple

6. We offer you the best price. The synonym of the underlined word is ..

a. Give c. need

b. Take d. put

7. Two weeks ago the most “ modern “ trade center in Jambi was damaged by fire.

The antonym of the underlined word is ....

a. Up to date c. prehistoric

b. Traditional d. sophisticated
ERROR RECOGNITION

8. The personnel manager gives good advise about problem at work

A B C D

9. The manager’s information issued weekly was helpful

A B C D

10. It is Mr. Budi’s responsibility to maintenance all computer files on

A B C

current progress

D.

Answer key

ANSWER KEY

1. B

2. D

3. D

4. B

5. C

6. A

7. B

8. C

9. B

10. B

RECEPTIONIST (R)

Mrs. BLOOM (B)

R : Good afternoon. Marcopolo hotel. May I help you

B : Yes, I’d like to book a room, please.

R : Certainly. When would it be madam?

B : May the 11th

R : How long will you be staying?

B : three nights

R : What kind of room would you like, madam


B : Er…. Double with a bath. I’d appreciate if you could give me a room with a view over the valley

R : Certainly. Madam I’ll just check what we have available. Yes, we have a room of the 5th floor
with a really splendid view.

B : Fine how much is the charge fo a night?

R : would you like breakfast

B : No thanks

R : It’s Rp. 984.000,- per night including tax

B : That’s fine

R : Who’s the booking for, please madam

B : Mr. and Mrs. Bloom, that’s B – L – O – O – M

R : Ok, let me make sure I got that. Mr. and Mrs. Bloom. Double with both for May the 11th , 12th,
and 13th. Id that correct

B : Yes it is thank you.

R : Let me give you your information number . it’s 7576385. I’ll repeat that 7576385. thank you for
choosing Marcopolo Hotel and have a nice day. Good bye. B : Good bye.

Decide whether these following statements a re true or false based on the dialogue above.

1. ______ Mrs. Bloom books for a room at Marcopolo Hotel

2. ______ They booked room is a single bed bath one

3. ______ Mr. and Mrs. Bloom will stay there for three nights.

4. ______ the location of Marcopolo hotel is in the center of a big city

5. ______ Mr. Mrs. Bloom would like for a breakfast

6. ______ they would be charged Rp. 2.953.500

7. ______ They would check out on May 15th

8. ______ The confirmation number is 7 digits

9. ______ The conversation takes place in the office

10. ______ the confirmation number is 7578385


ANSWER KEY

1. true 6. false

2. false 7. false

3. true 8. true

4. false 9. false

5. false 10. False

INSTRUMENT

INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS AND FRAGRANCE

PT. ESSENCE INDONESIA

Has vacancy for its

ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT

ONE ASSISTANT – ACCOUNTANT

- Male or female

- Academy graduate

- Familiar with computer systems is an advantage

- Minimum 2 years experience in a similar job.

Salary remuneration will be commensurate with qualification and experience

Application in English with details of your education and experience

1 Pc 4 x 6 Photograph, should be sent within 2 weeks to

PERSONNEL MANAGER

PO. BOX 3008 / JKT

Not later than July 20, 2001

READ THE ADVERTISEMENT THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS


1. Does the advertisement talk about the salary? 2. To whom does your application letter write for
that position 3. Should the application letter be written in English? 4. Is SMK graduate one of the
requirements to get that position? 5. What date should your application letter last to be sent to the
personnel manager?

ANSWER KEY SCORE

1. Yes, It does. 1. 2

2. To personnel manager 2. 2

3. Yes, it should be written in English 3. 2

4. No, it isn’t 4. 2

5. It should be sent within 2 weeks to personnel manager 5. 2

PT. BENTARA ANTAR ASIA 12

MERDEKA UTARA STREET

JAKARTA, INDONESIA

October 23, 2006

British Broadcasting Corporation

Oxford University Press

LONDON

Dear sir,

The main office of PT Bentara Antar Asia palces stock orders and special orders for ook of all publishers
for our retail stores.

I find that we have not always received directly from the publishers the latest important information
needed for accurate book service to our customers.

Will you please keep on your mailing list our name is noted above to receive all new catalogues and
all announcements of new publication, new edition of modern English dictionaries and copies of
leaflets that I could pass to prospective customers. I shall be grateful for your cooperation in helping
us to maintain good book service.
Very truly yours

Albertus Sihaloho

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

1. What is the type of the business letter above ?

2. Who wrote this letter ?

3. Who is the letter addressed to ?

4. What is the salutation of the letter?

5. Write an application letter !

ANSWER KEY

1. order letter

2. the letter is written by Albertus Sihaloho

3. It is addressed to British Broadcasting Corporation Oxford University Press London

4. The salutation of the letter is “Dear Sir”

5. an example of the application letter

PARTS OF A LETTER

( 1 ) CV ARMICO PUBLISHER Jln. Madura Utara 10. Phone 520540. 5201786. 52234 Fax. (022)
5201972 BANDUNG

( 2 ) July 25, 2006

( 3 ) Toko Buku Sumber Ilmu Jalan Pala Sari Bandung


( 4 ) Attention : Mr. Azuar ( 5 ) Dear sir ( 6 ) Subject : Your order no. 540 ( 7 ) Thank you very much
for your letter of June 29, and for your order no 540 which we have accepted on the term you
proposed. We wish you however to understand that this concession is exceptional and that future
order can be carried out only on our terms We are enclosing our official confirmation We shall be
very grateful to receive your continual order

( 8 ) very sincerely yours CV. ARMICO PUBLISHER

( 9 ) Ir. Ddan Suryana Business Manager

( 10 ) DS : IS ( 11 ) ENCLOSURE

1. a. Attention line c. Enclosure 6. a. subject line c. attention line

b. Body of the letter d. Heading b. salutation d. inside address

2. a. Complimentary c. Date line 7. a. message c. Compliments

b. signature d. Salutation b. salutation d. subject line

3. a. letter head c. letter body 8. a. attention line c. compliment

b. inside address d. subject line b. signature d. subject line

4. a. attention line c. subject line 9. a. heading c. compliment

b. salutation d. body of the letter b. letter head d. signature

5. a. letter head c. inside address 10. a. identifying initial

b. date line d. salutation b. enclosure

c. subject line

d. heading
To : PO BOX 230968

BANDUNG 20 Jalan Bahagia

Bandung

March 16, 2007

Dear sir,

Referring to your advertisement in Sumex on march 16, 2007. I would like to apply for the
position of Junior Mechanic

I am 20 years ol and graduated from SMK Teratai majoring in Automotive mechanic now. I’m
working at “ AUTO CAR” sales service.

Attaching my recent photography, CV and copies of my certificate. I am available for interview


at your convenience. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon

Faithfully yours

FANDI

1. What position does Andi want ?

a. Manager c. Interviewer

b. Mechanic d. Salesman

2. Fandi hopes that …..

a. He can be the coordinator

b. He encloses all certificates

c. He can work for the company

d. He can apply for SUMX

3. “ ……………. I am looking forward to hearing from you” (paragraph 3) the synonym of “ looking
forward to” is ….

a. Looking at c. expecting

b. Applying d. forgetting
4. Fandi has graduated from …….

a. general high school c. academy of computer

b. tourism high school d. vocational high school

5. How old is Fandi now?

a. 19 years old c. 21 years old

b. 20 Years old d. 25 years old

ANSWER KEY SCORE

1. B

2. C

3. C

4. D

5. B

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