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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1

Juin 2003

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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1 : 2003-06
FE047841 ISSN 0335-3931

European standard NF EN 13146-1


June 2003

French standard Classification index: F 50-050-1

ICS: 45.080

Railway applications — Track


Test methods for fastening systems
Part 1: Determination of longitudinal rail restraint

F : Applications ferroviaires — Voie — Méthodes d'essai pour les systèmes


de fixation — Partie 1 : Détermination de la résistance longitudinale
au glissement
D : Bahnanwendungen — Oberbau — Prüfverfahren
für Schienenbefestigungsysteme — Teil 1: Ermittung
des Durchschubwiderstandes in Längsrichtung
© AFNOR 2003 — All rights reserved

French standard approved


by decision of the Director General of AFNOR on May 5, 2003 taking effect on
June 5, 2003.

Correspondence The European Standard EN 13146-1:2002 has the status of French standard.

Analysis This document specifies a laboratory test method used to determine the maximum
axial load that can be applied to a rail attached to a cross piece, support or slab track
component using a fastening system without causing the rail to move permanently.
This test method applies to a complete fastening system.

Descriptors Technical International Thesaurus: railway fixed equipment, railways, fixing, rails,
sleepers, tests, laboratory tests, determination, loads: forces, mechanical strength,
sliding, procedure.

Modifications

Corrections

Published and distributed by Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR — French standard institute) — 11, avenue Francis de Pressensé —
93571 Saint-Denis La Plaine Cedex — Tel.: + 33 (0)1 41 62 80 00 — Fax: + 33 (0)1 49 17 90 00 — www.afnor.fr
Prepared by the "Bureau de Normalisation Ferroviaire" (BNF), 17 quai d’Austerlitz — 75013 Paris — Tel.: + 33 (0) 1 45 84 35 09

© AFNOR 2003 AFNOR 2003 1st issue 2003-06-P


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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1 : 2003-06

NF EN 13146-1:2003 —2—

National foreword

References to French standards


The correspondence between the standards figuring in the clause "Normative references" and the identical French
standards is as follows:
EN 13481-1 : NF EN 13481-1 (classification index: F 50-051-1)
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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1 : 2003-06

EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 13146-1


NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM November 2002

ICS 93.100

English version

Railway applications - Track - Test methods for fastening


systems - Part 1: Determination of longitudinal rail restraint

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Méthodes d'essai pour les Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Prüfverfahren für
systèmes de fixation - Partie 1: Détermination de la Schienenbefestigungssysteme - Teil 1: Ermittlung des
résistance longitudinale au glissement Durchschubwiderstandes in Längsrichtung

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 October 2002.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official
versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2002 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13146-1:2002 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1 : 2003-06

EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

Contents

page
Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3
1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................4
2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................4
3 Terms and definitions, symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................4
3.1 Terms and definitions....................................................................................................................................4
3.2 Symbols and abbreviations ..........................................................................................................................4
4 Principle ..........................................................................................................................................................4
5 Apparatus .......................................................................................................................................................4
5.1 Rail...................................................................................................................................................................4
5.2 Loading equipment ........................................................................................................................................5
5.3 Load-displacement measuring and recording instruments ......................................................................5
5.3.1 General............................................................................................................................................................5
5.3.2 Verification of calibration..............................................................................................................................5
6 Test specimens ..............................................................................................................................................5
6.1 Sleeper ............................................................................................................................................................5
6.2 Fastening ........................................................................................................................................................5
7 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................5
7.1 Test temperature ............................................................................................................................................5
7.2 Preparation for test ........................................................................................................................................5
7.3 Loading ...........................................................................................................................................................6
7.4 Calculation......................................................................................................................................................7
8 Test report ......................................................................................................................................................8

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EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 13146-1:2002) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN /TC 256 "Railway
applications", the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement, at the latest by May 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
May 2003.

This document has been prepared under mandates (M/0241), M/2752)) given to CEN by the European Commission
and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). No existing
European Standard is superseded.

This European Standard is one of the series EN 13146 as listed below.

 Part 1 : Determination of longitudinal rail restraint

 Part 2 : Determination of torsional resistance

 Part 3 : Determination of attenuation of impact loads

 Part 4 : Effect of repeated loading

 Part 5 : Determination of electrical resistance

 Part 6 : Effect of severe environmental conditions

 Part 7 : Determination of clamping force

 Part 8 : In service testing

These support the requirements in the series EN 13481 Railway applications — Track — Performance
requirements for fastening systems — Parts 1 to 7.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

1) Railway equipment.

2) Standardization in the field of Railway Equipment on the Interoperability of the Trans-European High-Speed Rail System.

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EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

1 Scope
This Part of this European Standard specifies a laboratory test procedure to determine the maximum axial load that
can be applied to a rail, secured to a sleeper, bearer or element of slab track by a rail fastening assembly, without
non-elastic displacement of the rail occurring.

This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly.

2 Normative references
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European
Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the
publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 13481-1:2002, Railway applications — Track — Performance requirements for fastening systems — Part 1:
Definitions.

3 Terms and definitions, symbols and abbreviations

3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 13481-1:2002 apply.

3.2 Symbols and abbreviations

For the purposes of this European Standard, the following symbols apply.

D1 maximum longitudinal displacement of rail during each cycle of loading, in mm;

D2 residual longitudinal displacement of rail after removal of load, in mm;

D3 elastic longitudinal displacement of rail prior to slip, in mm;

F maximum axial load on the rail without non-elastic displacement occurring, in kN.

4 Principle
A longitudinal load is applied by pulling a rail fixed to a single rail seat of a sleeper whilst the sleeper is restrained.
Movement of the rail relative to the sleeper is recorded and the load removed when the rail slips. The maximum
load which can be applied without non-elastic displacement is found from a plot of load against displacement.

5 Apparatus

5.1 Rail

A short length of rail (approximately 0,5 m per rail seat) of the section for which the fastening assembly under test
is designed. The rail shall be unlaminated and have no loose rust on the surface nor be polished on the foot by
repeated testing.

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EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

5.2 Loading equipment

Equipment to apply a tensile force through the base of the rail at right angles to the sleeper as shown in Figure 1.

5.3 Load-displacement measuring and recording instruments

5.3.1 General

Instruments, including necessary sensors, which continuously measure the load applied with an accuracy of
± 0,1 kN and longitudinal displacement of the rail with an accuracy of ± 0,05 mm relative to the sleeper. The
recording instruments shall be capable of plotting load/deflection curves.

5.3.2 Verification of calibration

The calibration of actuators and measuring instruments shall be verified using equipment having certified
traceability to European or International Standards using the International System of Units (SI).

6 Test specimens

6.1 Sleeper

A sleeper, half sleeper, bearer or element of slab track with cast-in fastening components or holes, and rail seats,
as made without modification for this test.

6.2 Fastening

The complete fastening assembly including all components and base plate where appropriate.

7 Procedure

7.1 Test temperature

The test shall be carried out in a room or enclosure maintained at (20 ± 5) °C. All components used in the test shall
be kept at this temperature for not less than 4 h prior to commencement of the test.

7.2 Preparation for test

Fix the short length of rail to one rail seat of the sleeper using the fastening components as assembled in track.
Support the sleeper on a rigid base and restrain from movement parallel to the rail as shown in Figure 1.

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NF F50-050-1, NF EN 13146-1 : 2003-06

EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

Key
1 rail as described in 5.1
2 fastening assembly including rail pad
3 load-displacement measuring and recording instruments
4 sleeper or half sleeper as described in 6.1
5 rigid support and restraint to prevent rotation of the test sleeper

Figure 1 —Test arrangement

7.3 Loading

Apply a tensile load of (2,5 ± 0,3) kN at a rate of (10 ± 5) kN/min to one end of the rail and maintain this load for
30 s, then increase the load in further increments of (2,5 ± 0,3) kN with constant load intervals of 30 s between
each increment. From the start of this loading cycle automatically measure the load and longitudinal displacement
of the rail relative to the sleeper. If digital recording instruments are used the maximum load shall be held for longer
than the time interval of the recorder to permit measurement of the maximum value.

When the rail slips in the fastening assembly or if the load is more than four times the performance requirement,
rapidly reduce the load to zero and continue measuring the rail displacement for two minutes. Without removing or
adjusting the fastening assembly in any way repeat the above cycle a further three times with three minute intervals
in the unloaded condition between each cycle. Plot the applied load against rail displacement for each cycle as
shown in Figure 2.

If D2 ≤ 0,5 mm and the force does not exceed four times the performance requirement, the loading cycle is invalid
and shall be repeated.

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EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

Key
1 longitudinal force kN
2 displacement mm

Figure 2 — Load-displacement diagram for one loading cycle

7.4 Calculation

From each load displacement diagram determine D1 and D2. Then calculate D3 as follows:

D3 = D 1 - D2

From each curve determine the value of F as the force required to produce an initial elastic displacement of D3.
Discard the first value of F and from the remaining three values calculate the mean and report as the longitudinal
rail restraint in kN.

If the loading cycles are stopped when the force is greater than or equal to four times the specified value, F is the
maximum value tested.

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EN 13146-1:2002 (E)

8 Test report
The test report shall include at least the following information:

a) number, date of issue and name of this standard;

b) name and address of laboratory performing the test;

c) date test performed;

d) name, designation and description of fastening assembly, including individual components, and sleeper,
bearer or element of slab track tested;

e) origin of test specimens;

f) rail section used in test;

g) mean longitudinal rail restraint.