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I.

OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
A. describe uniform circular motion and its parameters;
B. differentiate speed, velocity, and acceleration;
C. identify the things and events that exhibit uniform circular motion; and
D. explain the relationship of Newton’s laws of motion to uniform circular motion.

II. SUBJECT MATTER


A. TOPIC: Circular Motion
B. SUBTOPIC: Uniform Circular Motion
C. CONCEPTS:
a) Circular motion is a movement of an object along the circumference of a
circle or rotation along a circular path. It can be uniform with constant
angular rate of rotation and constant speed, or non-uniform with changing
rate of rotation.
b) Uniform circular motion is the motion of an object traveling at a constant
speed on a circular path.
c) Uniform circular motion involves centripetal acceleration (center-pointing
acceleration) and centripetal force (center-pointing force).

D. SKILLS TO BE DEVELOPED:
 Explaining, identifying, describing, analyzing, and differentiating one
parameter from the other.

E. VALUES:
 The students will apply the Newton’s laws of motion in understanding the
concept of uniform circular motion.
 The students will see the importance of understanding the concept of
uniform circular motion to various laws of physics.

F. MATERIALS USED:
 Laptop, LCD projector, board marker, and visual aid

G. REFERENCES:
 Giancoli, Douglas C.,Physics(Fifth Edition).pp.112-115
 www.m.sparknotes.com
 www.wedassign.net
 www.gktoday.in/uniform-circular-motion
III. LEARNING TASKS

Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity

A. Preparation
a) Review of the past lesson

Last meeting we discussed about


Newton’s laws of motion. Again who
can enumerate those laws of motion?
Yes, Gizel.
The Newton’s laws of motion
are the law of inertia, law of
acceleration, and law of interaction.
Exactly!
Who can state the law of inertia?
Yes, Christian.
Law of inertia states that “a
body at rest stays at rest, and a body
in motion stays in motion at the
same speed in a straight line unless
acted upon by unbalanced force”.
That’s right!
What about the law of acceleration?
Anyone?
Yes, Girlie.
Law of acceleration states that
“the force is directly proportional to
the acceleration and inversely
proportional to its mass”.
Very good!
How about the law of interaction?
Yes, Lyra.
Law of interaction states that “in
every action there’s an equal and
opposite reaction”.
Exactly!
Class, familiarize yourselves with
those laws of motion because those laws
will guide you for better understanding
the concept of our next topic.
Did you understand?
Yes Ma’am.
Do you have any question?
None Ma”am.
B. Motivation
Before we start our discussion, let’s
have a simple entertainment.
Are you ready?
Yes Ma’am.
Okay class, are you familiar with the
game entitled “knock knock: who’s there”?
Yes Ma’am.
So, here are the mechanics.
I will group you into three, then each
group will choose a representative to pick
a word that you should incorporate with your
chosen song. After that, you will present it
here in front and all members should
participate. The group with a nice presentation
will be given a reward.
Did you get it class?
Yes Ma’am.
You only have 3 minutes to prepare.
Your time starts now.
(The students did their
presentation).
Very good class. You did it well.
I will give your rewards later.

C. Presentation
Class, familiarize yourselves with
those terms because those terms will be
given an emphasis to our new lesson
which is the uniform circular motion.
D. Lesson Proper
What is uniform circular motion?
From the word uniform, what does
it mean?
Yes, Girlie.
Uniform means constant.
Very good!
What else?
Yes, Lyra.
It means unchanging.
That’s right!
What else?
Yes, Sunshine.
It means steady.
Very good!
All your answers are correct.
An object that moves in a circle at
constant speed is said to experience
uniform circular motion. The magnitude
of the velocity remains constant in this
case, but the direction of the velocity
continuously changes as the object
moves around the circle.
When we say magnitude of the
velocity and direction of the velocity,
what does it mean?
Yes, Rayma.
When we say magnitude of the
velocity, it is only referring to its
speed while the direction of the
velocity talks about the velocity
itself.
Precisely!
So, based on what Rayma have said, will
you differentiate speed from velocity?
Yes, Marisa.
Speed is just how fast you’re
moving. Velocity on the other hand,
is your speed and direction.
Very good!
Between the speed and velocity, where is
the scalar and the vector quantity?
Yes, King.
Speed is the scalar quantity and
velocity is the vector quantity.
Exactly!
How did you say that speed is scalar and
velocity is vector? Will you cite an example?
Yes, Kate.
Speed is scalar because it
doesn’t have a direction, while
velocity is vector because it does
have a direction. For example, the
speed of the car is 300 miles/hour,
and its velocity is 300 miles/hour
South.
Very well said.
Now, let’s talk about acceleration.
What is acceleration?
Yes, Reynald.
Acceleration is a change in
velocity.
That’s right.
So how can something moving in a circle
at constant speed have an acceleration?
Yes, Hilario..
Since an object moving in a
circle is constantly changing
direction, its velocity is constantly
changing. And whenever
something’s velocity is changing-
even if only its direction, not its
speed, that object must be
accelerating.
Exactly!
Class, do you have any question about
the difference among speed, velocity, and
acceleration?
None Ma’am.
If that’s the case, let’s proceed to
centripetal acceleration or a so called
center-pointing acceleration.
But before that, let’s have a group activity.
Your group will be based on your group
lately. Here are the instructions and guide
questions.
1. At your station you have a ball attached
to a string. Your group should move to an
area in the room where you have space to
swing the ball in a circular motion without
hitting someone.
2. Observe the motion of the ball as you
swing it in a circular motion. Draw a diagram
of the ball and its path.
3. Observe the motion of the ball as you change
the speed. Explain what happens to the motion.
4. Change the length of the string. Explain
what happens to the motion.
After you finished the activity, each group
will choose one rapporteur to present and explain
your work here in front.
You only have 5 minutes to do the
activity, and your time starts now.
(The students did the activity)
Class, are you finished?
Yes Ma’am.
Okay. Let’s begin your presentation.
(The students presented their
work)
Class, I want to congratulate all of you,
because you did well your activity.
Let’s give everyone an awesome clap.
For centripetal acceleration, we have the
equation ; where a is the centripetal a v2
r
acceleration(m/s2), v is the velocity(m/s), and
r is the radius(m).
What does it mean?
Yes, Hilario.
Centripetal acceleration is
directly proportional to velocity
squared and inversely proportional
to the radius.
Very good!
Take a look on this figure.

Which motion has the largest centripetal


acceleration? Why?
Yes, April.
The motion in letter B because
it has a large velocity and a small
radius.
Exactly!
Circular motion also requires a net
force, and this force is what we called
centripetal force or center-pointing
force.
Class, I want you to observe this
video clip.
(The students watched the video
clip)
After watching the video clip, what
did you observed about the force acting
on the car?
Yes, May.
The force is always directed
towards the center.
Precisely!
In uniform circular motion, the force
is always directed towards the center of the
circle.
Newton’s second law indicates that
whenever an object accelerates, there
must be a net force to create the acceleration.
What does this statement signifies to
uniform circular motion?
Yes, Aizah.
In uniform circular motion,
there must be a net force to produce
the acceleration. A net force is
necessary because otherwise, if no
net force were exerted on the object,
it would not move in a circle but in a
straight line.
Exactly!
Consider this figure.

An object on a guideline is in uniform circular


motion. The object is symbolized by a dot, and
at point O, it is release suddenly from its circular
path. If the guideline is cut suddenly, will the
object move along OA or OP ? How ?
Yes, Jenifer.
The object will move along a
straight line between point O and P,
because according to Newton’s first
law of motion “an object continues
in a state of rest or in a state of
motion at a constant speed along a
straight line unless compelled by
changes that state by a net force”.
So, when the object is suddenly
released from its circular path, there
is no longer a net force being
applied to it. As a result, the object
would move along the straight line
between points O and A, not on the
circular arc between points O and P.
Excellent!
Did you get it class?
Yes Ma’am.
But there is a common misconception that
an object moving in a circle has an outward force
acting on it, a so-called centrifugal (center-fleeing)
force. This is incorrect, there is no outward force
on the revolving object. To prove this, may I have
a volunteer here in front to do the task.
Anyone?
Yes, King.
I have here a ball suspended by the string.
In order for a ball to move in a circular motion,
continuously pull the string.
(The student did the task.)
The misconception arises when the “pull”
is interpreted as an outward force pulling on
the ball that is transmitted along the string
to his hand. This is not what is happening at
all. To keep the ball moving, again pull inwardly
the string. The string exerts this force on the ball,
and the ball exerts an equal and opposite force
on the string.
Class, in what law of motion would fall
this situation?
Yes, Kate.
That situation will fall under
Newton’s third law of motion which
is the law of interaction which states
that in every action there is an equal
and opposite reaction.
Very good!
The force on the ball is the one exerted
inwardly on it by his hand, via the string.

E. Valuing (Picture Analysis)


Class, I have here pictures.
What can you say about these pictures?
Yes, Aizah.
The pictures show different
events or situations undergoing
uniform circular motion.
Precisely!
These pictures show some events that
exhibit uniform circular motion. Look at
picture A, who can describe it?
Yes, Ronalyn.
Picture A shows a car on the
road making a turn.
Very good.
What kind of force involved to this?
Yes, Jerick.
The force involved between the
car and the road is a frictional force.
Very good!
How about the picture B, who will
describe and tell what kind of force was
involved?
Yes, Stephen.
Picture B shows a satellite
revolving the Earth, and the force
that involved with this is the
gravitational force.
Excellent!
What about the third picture, will you describe
and tell what kind of force was involved?
Yes, Marisa.
Picture B shows a man whirling
a ball which is tied at the end of the
string, and the force involved is the
tension.
Exactly!
These are some of the the events that
undergoes uniform circular motion that we
can observe in our daily lives, and understanding
the concept of uniform circular motion helps us
to explain various concepts of physics.
Is it clear, class?
Yes Ma’am.
Do you have any question?
None Ma’am.
IV. EVALUATION
Set A. Identification
Direction. Identify what is being asked.
1. What do you call to the motion of an object around the circle?
2. It is a change in velocity.
3. It is considered as a vector quantity.
4. It is considered as a scalar quantity.
5. It is called a center-pointing force.
Set B. Constructive Response
1. Give at least 2 events or situations that exhibit uniform circular motion and
identify the type force being applied to it.
2. Cite at least 1 Newton’s law of motion and explain its relationship to uniform
circular motion.
3. Draw and label a diagram of a ball on a string moving in a circle.
Label the radius= r; tangential velocity = vt; centripetal acceleration = ac; and
centripetal force= cf.

V. AGREEMENT

A. Research about Non-uniform Circular Motion and using a venn diagram, compare
and contrast uniform from non-uniform circular motion.

Reference:
Physics by Douglas C. Giancoli. pp. 122-123
Republic of the Philippines
ISABELA STATE UNIVERSITY
San Mariano Campus
Sta. Filomena, San Mariano, Isabela

A DEMONSTRATION PLAN
IN
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
(Uniform Circular Motion)

Submitted by:
NOVY-ANN U. SANCHO

Submitted to:
CLARINA S. SARMIENTO, Ph.D.
Program Chairman, Education Department

First Semester, S.Y. 2016-2017