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La Colosa early porphyry

The early intrusions occupy a surface area of ~0.35 km2 and include ve diorite
porphyries (E0, E1, E2, EDM, and E3) and three early intrusion breccias (EBX1,
EBX2, and EBXDM) (Fig. 4). Early porphyry E0 (Fig. 5A), which is observed only
in drill core, is characterized by 20 to 30 vol % of plagioclase and hornblende
phenocrysts in a microcrystal- line groundmass. Diorite porphyry E1 is equigranular
(Fig. 5B), ne to medium grained, with a crowded texture and 60 to 70 vol % of
plagioclase, amphibole, and orthoclase phe- nocrysts. Diorite porphyry E2 is medium
to coarse grained with 20 to 30 vol % of subhedral to euhedral plagioclase and
hornblende phenocrysts (Fig. 5C). The EDM porphyry is a ne- to medium-grained
diorite with 40 to 50 vol % of sub- hedral to euhedral plagioclase, hornblende, and
biotite (Fig. 5D). The last early diorite porphyry, E3, is ne grained, with 30 to 40 vol
% of anhedral to subhedral plagioclase pheno- crysts (Fig. 5E). E3 intruded the earlier
porphyries and gen- erated intrusion breccias (sensu Sillitoe, 1985), such as
EBX1(with E1-dominant clasts; Fig. 5F), EBX2 (with E2-dominant clasts; Fig. 5G),
and EBXDM (with EDM-dominant clasts) cemented by porphyritic E3 diorite (Fig.
5H).

La Colosa intermineral porphyry

Two intermineral stocks have been distinguished, covering a total map area of over
0.33 km2 (Fig. 4). The earlier of these, I1, is a porphyry with subhedral plagioclase
and hornblende phenocrysts (Fig. 5I). The later stock, I2, is a diorite porphyry
containing 20 to 30 vol % of subhedral to euhedral plagioclase and hornblende
phenocrysts (Fig. 5J). Crosscutting relation- ships show that I2 intruded I1 and thereby
formed intrusion breccia IBX (Fig. 5K). The coarse-grained early-stage and
intermineral diorite porphyries are dificult to distinguish due to their compositional
and textural similarities. The main distinguishing criteria, following Sillitoe (2000),
are the lower alteration intensity, lower veinlet density, and lower gold con- tents of
the intermineral diorites.

La Colosa late porphyry

The late porphyry stage at La Colosa has a map extent of ~2.7 km2, and it is made up
of diorite (LD), quartz diorite (QZD), and tonalite (TO) porphyries as well as intrusion
breccias (QZDBX), some along the contact with country rock schist (DBX; Fig. 4).
The principal rock is the tonalite por- phyry (TO) with phenocrysts of plagioclase,
quartz, biotite, and hornblende (Fig. 5K), located in the northeast corner of the La
Colosa Complex (Fig. 4). This rock also occurs as NW-striking, subvertical to E-
dipping dikes cutting the early porphyry intrusions and schistose country rocks and
following existing faults, which formed within the pull-apart structure (Fig. 4).