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Mathematics 11 First Semester AY 2011-2012

Problem Set Due on September 7, 2011

I. Write TRUE if the statement is true. Otherwise, write FALSE and briefly explain why. 2 pts each
1. The general equation of a circle whose diameter has endpoints (1, 4) and (−1, 0) is x2 + y 2 − 4y − 1 = 0.
√ √ √ √
2. The points (2, 2), ( 2, 2 − 2), and (0, 2) are collinear.
3. The parabola y = ax2 + bx + c, where a, b, c ∈ R and a 6= 0, will touch the x-axis if b2 − 4ac < 0.
4. The point (7, −3) is inside the circle (x − 5)2 + (y + 7)2 = 19.
 2  2
D E
5. The graph of Ax2 + Cy 2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 is a real circle if + > F.
2A 2A

6. If the slope of P Q is equal to the slope of QR, then P Q || QR.


7. A system of linear equation is transformed into an equivalent system if a particular equation in the system is replaced
by the sum of that particular equation and a constant multiple of another equation in the system.
2kx + y = 6k 2 − 5k + 1

1
8. The system will have no solution only when k = .
x + 2ky = 0 4
 
2x + y = 3 y = 3 − 2x
9. The systems of equations and are two equivalent systems.
5x + 3y = 10 −x = 1

II. Find the solution of the following equations. 4 pts each


 2  
1 1
1. 6 z + − 35 z + = −25
z z
√ √ √
2. y + 4 + 3y + 1 + 10y − 1 = 0
√ √
3. 3 3 − x = 2 − 3 x2 − 6x + 9
4. |x2 − 5|x| + 4| = |2x2 − 3|x| + 1|

III. Problem Solving 5 pts each


2mx + y = 6m2 − 5m + 1

1. Find all values of m such that the system has no solution.
x + 2my = 0

2. Find the equation of the tangent line to the circle x2 + y 2 = 289 at the point (8, 15). Draw the figure and label the
points.
3. Find the value of k such that the graph of y = x2 − 3kx + 6k intersects the x-axis at exactly one point.

4. A line segment that connects two distinct points on a circle is called a chord. Given this definition, find an equation
of the chord which is common to the two circles given by the following equations:

x2 + y 2 − 4x − 5 = 0

x2 + y 2 − 2y − 13 = 0
Draw the figure and label the necessary points.

IV. Solve the following systems: 4 pts each

2x2 + xy − 45y 2 = 0 3x2 + 3xy − 2y 2 = 1


 
1. 2.
2x + 9y 2 = 4 5x2 + xy − 2y 2 = −1