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University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law REMEDIAL LAW DEPARTMENT CIVIL PROCEDURE [AY 2017-2018] |. General Principles A. Concept of Remedial or Procedural Law ~ Priscilla Alma Jose v. Ramon C. Javellana, et al., G.R. No. 158239, January 25, 2012 B. Nature of remedial law Ateneo v. De La Rosa, G. R. No. |-286, March 28, 1946 C. Substantive law vis a vis remedial law Bustos v. Lucero, G.R. No. L-2086, March 8, 1949 D. Procedural laws applicable to actions pending at the time of promulgation Panay Railways Inc. v. Heva Management and Development Corporation, et al., G.R. No, 154061, January 25, 2012 E. Liberal construction of procedural rules 1. Felix Martos, et al. v. New San Jose Builders, Inc., G.R. No. 192650, October 24, 2012 2. Maria Consolacion Rivera-Pascual v. Sps. Marilyn Lim, et al., G.R. No. 191837, September 19, 2012 F. Rule-making power of the Supreme Court 1. Estipona v. Hon. Lobrigo, G.R. No. 226679, August 15, 2017 2. In the Matter of the Petition for the Issuance of a Writ of Amparo in Favor of Lilibeth Ladaga v, Major General Reynaldo Mapagu, et al., G.R. No, 189689/G.R No. 189691, November 13, 2012 G Nature of Philippine Courts 1. Classification of Philippine Courts 2. Principle of judicial Hierarchy a. United Claimants Association of NEA v. National Electrification Administration, G.R. No. 187107, January 31, 2012 b. Emmanuel De Castro v. Emerson Carlos, G.R. No. 194994, April 16, 2013 3. Transcendental importance United Claimants Association of NEA v. National Electrification Administration, G.R. No. 187107, January 31, 2012 4, Doctrine of non-interference or judicial stability Sinter Corporation and Phividec Industrial Authority v. Cagayan Electric Power and Light Co., Inc., G.R. No. 127371, April 25, 2002 5. Doctrine of Primary jurisdiction a, Omictin v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 148004, January 22, 2007 b. Republic v. Lacap, 517 SCRA 255 [2007] 6. Doctrine of adherence of jurisdiction/continuing jurisdiction Abad, et al. v. RTC of Manila, et al., G.R. No. L-65505, October 12, 1987 II. Jurisdiction ‘A. Over the parties 1. How jurisdiction over the plaintiff is acquired 2. How jurisdiction over the defendant is acquired a. Optima Realty Corporation v. Hertz Phil., Exclusive, Inc., G.R. No. 183035, January 9, 2013 b. Afdal & Afdal v. Carlos, G.R. No. 173379, December 1, 2010 B. Over the subject matter 1. How jurisdiction is conferred and determined a. FeV. Rapsing, et al, v. Hon, Judge Maximino R.Ables, et al., G.R. No. 171855, October 15, 2012 : b. Mendoza v. Germino & Germino, G.R. No. 165676, November 22, 2010 ©. Remedios Antonino v. The Register of Deeds of Makati City, et al., G.R. No. 185663, June 20, 2012 2. Objections to jurisdiction over the subject matter Lasmis v. Dong-E, G.R. No. 173021, October 20, 2010 3. Effect of estoppel on objections to jurisdiction a. De Leon v. Court of Appeals, 245 SCRA 166 [1995] b. Tijam v. Sibonghanoy, 23 SCRA 29 c. Atty. Cudiamat, et al. v. Batangas Savings & Loan Bank, et al., G.R. No. 182403, March 9, 2010 4, Error of jurisdiction as distinguished from error of judgment First Corporation v. Former Sixth Division of Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 171989, July 4, 2007 C. Over the issues De Joya v. Marquez, et al., G.R. No. 163416, January 31, 2006 D. Over the res or property in litigation Ferdinand Marcos, Jr, v. Republic, G.R, No. 189505, March 12, 2014 E. Jurisdiction of Courts ‘Supapo V. Sps. De Jesus, G.R. No. 198356, April 20, 2015 1. Supreme Court 2. Court of Appeals 3. Sandiganbayan 4. Regional Trial Courts 5. Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts in Cities, Municipal Circuit Trial Court 6. Shari'a Court F, Jurisdiction over Small Claims ALL. Ang Network, Inc. v. Emma Mondejar, et al,, G.R. No. 200804, January 22, 2014 G. Rule on Summary Procedure Fiorello R. Jose v. Roberto Alfuerto, et al., G.R. No. 69380, November 26, 2012 H. Barangay conciliation 1. Gegare v. CA, G.R. No. 83907, September 13, 1989, 2. Sanchez v. Tupaz, G.R. No. 76690, February 29, 1988 3. Vda. De Borromeo v. Pogoy, G.R. No. L-63277, November 29, 1983 4. Peregrina v. Panis, 133 SCRA 75 5. Librada M. Aquino v. Ernest Aure, G.R. No. 153567, February 18, 2008 6. Crisanta Alcaraz Miguel v. Jerry D. Montanez, G.R. No. 191336, January 25, 2012 |. Totality rule Flores v. Mallare-Phillips, 144 SCRA 377 Ml, Civil Procedure A. Kinds of actions 1. Ordinary civil actions 2. Special civil actions 3. Criminal actions 4, Civil actions vs. special proceedings Ramon Ching and Po Wing Corp. v. Rodriguez, et al, G.R. No. 192828, November 28, 2011 5. Personal actions and real actions Paglaum Management & Development Corp. and Health Marketing Technologies, Inc. v. Union Bank of the Philippines, et al., G.R. No. 179018, June 18, 2012 6. Local and transitory actions 7. Actions in rem, in personam and quasi in rem ‘a. Belen v. Chavez, 549 SCRA 479 b. Planters Development Bank v. Julie Chandumal, G. R. No. 195619, September 5, 2012 . Biaco v. Philippine Countryside Rural Bank, 515 SCRA 106 d. Yuv. Pacleb, etc., G.R. No, 172172, February 24, 2009 8. Independent civil action B. Payment of docket fees a, Manchester Development v. CA, 149, SCRA 562 , Sun Insurance Office Ltd. v. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274 . Ballatan v. CA, 304 SCRA 34 d. Heirs of Reinoso, Sr. v. CA, 654 SCRA 1 e. Re: In the Matter of Exemption From payment of All Court and Sheriff's Fees of Cooperatives Duly Registered in Accordance with RA NO. 9520, [A.M. No. 12.2 03-0, March 13, 2012] £. Ricardo Rizal, etal. v. Leoncia Naredo, et al., G.R. No. 151898, March 14, 2012 C. Cause of action 1. Meaning of cause of action Goodland Company, Inc. v. Asia United Bank, et al., G.R. No. 195561, March 14, 2012 2. Elements of cause of action a. Relucio v. Lopez, 373 SCRA 578 b. Juana Complex | Homeowners Association, Inc. et al. v. Fil-Estate Land, Inc. G.R. No. 152272, March 5, 2012 3. Right of action versus cause of action Failure to state a cause of action 5. Test of sufficiency of a cause of action a. Misamis Occidental II Cooperative, Inc. v. David, 468 SCRA 63, b. Juana Complex! Homeowners Association, Inc. et al. v. Fil-Estate Land, Inc. G.R. No. 152272, March 5, 2012 c. BSP v. Legaspi, G.R. No. 205966, March 2, 2016 6. Splitting a single cause of action and its effects a. Goodland Company, Inc. v. Asia United Bank, et al., G.R. No. 195561, March 14, 2012 b. Philippine National Bank v. Getway Property Holdings, Inc., G.R. No. 181485, February 15, 2012 7. Joinder and misjoinder of causes of action iS