Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

I. Review of Direct Object Pronouns (Lesson 6, pp.

143-44)
Singular Plural
me (me) nos (us)
te (you, familiar singular) os (you, familiar plural—used mainly in Spain)
lo, la (him / her/ You sing. los, las (Them, masc. & fem. / You pl. masc. & fem.
masc. & fem. formal / familiar & fomal plural)
it, masc. & fem)

2. The direct object of a sentence, that which directly receives the action of the verb (a person or a thing), can be
identified as the answer to the questions WHOM? WHAT? The direct object pronouns replace the direct object of a
sentence.
a) Él compró helado (He bought ice cream) [What did he buy? Helado /ice cream / =dir. obj. noun]
Él lo compró (He bought it) [Lo / it = direct object pronoun, which replaces the direct object noun]
b) Yo conozco a tu mamá. (I know your mom) (Whom do I know? Tu mamá /your mom = direct object)
Yo la conozco. (I know her) [La / her = direct object pronoun, which replaces the direct object noun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
II. Review of Indirect Object Pronouns (Lesson 7, pp. 173-74)
Singular Plural
me (to/for me) nos (to/for us)
te (to/ for you, familiar) os (to/for you, fam.)
le (to/for You formal les (to/for/You formal and familiar—to/for them)
(to/for/ him / her)
1. Indirect objects, for the most part preceded by the PREPOSITION “a” or “para” (to, for) usually tells TO WHOM,
FOR WHOM something is done. Indirect object. pronouns can be use with or in place of the indirect object.

a) Papá mandó regalos a los niños. (Dad sent presents to the children)
[To/For whom are the presents? Los niños / the children = indirect object noun]

Papá les mandó regalos a ellos* (Dad sent presents to them)


[Les / to, for them = indirect obj. pronoun, which replaces the indirect object noun]

*2. The 3rd person sing. le (to him, to her) and the 3rd pers. plur. Les (to them fem., or to them masc.) may require
gender clarification. In this case, just add at the end of the sentence the prepositional phrase: a él, a ella / a ellos, a ellas.
[* “While the prepositional form can be omitted, the indirect obj. pronoun must always be used.”]

3. Direct and indirect obj. pronouns are usually placed in front of the conjugated verb. However, if you have two verbs,
they can be attached to the infinitive or the present participle:

a) I am going to buy it (the book) = Lo voy a comprar / or, Voy a comprarlo.


b) I’m going to give the book to him = Le voy a dar el libro / or, Voy a darle el libro.
c) *an accent mark is required if attaching the object pronouns to the present participle.
— I’m buying it (the book) = Lo estoy comprando / or Estoy comprándolo.
III. Lesson 8: INDIRECT and DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS USED TOGETHER, pp. 196.
Singular Plural
IOP (to/for): me / te / le / nos / os / les
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
DOP.: me / te / lo, la / nos /os /los, las

1. When an indirect object pronoun and a direct object pronoun are used together, the indirect object pronoun
always come first.

In a sentence, these are the indirect object pronouns + direct o.p.


possible combinations:
me
te
*leà(se)
nos + lo / la / los / las
os
*lesà(se)

*If both pronouns begin with –l, the indirect object pronoun (le or les) is changed to se.

a) Ana gave money to the children.=Ana dio dinero a los niños.


D.O. I.O. D.O I.O.

Ana gave it to them Ana se (se replaces les) lo dio a ellos


D.O.P. I.O.P I.O.P D.O.P

2. With an infinitive, the pronouns can be placed either before the conjugated verb or after the infinitive. *Note
that now with two pronouns attached to the infinitive an accent is placed in the last vowel of the verb.

a) Ana is going to give it to them = Ana se lo va a dar / or, Ana va a dárselo.

3. Present progressive: with a present participle, the pronouns can be placed either before the conjugated verb
or after the present participle; in the latter case an accent mark must be placed on the stressed vowel of the
verb.

a) Ana is giving it to them = Ana se lo está dando / or, Ana está dándoselo
NOTE: the –u in -gue and -gui is silent (-gue and -gui are pronounced as in “guest” and “guitar”).
However, when a dieresis is placed above the “u” of “gue” or “gui,” that is güi or güe, the –ü is no
longer silent (it’s pronounced as in Guelph). Here below is a list of Spanish words with dieresis:

agüero cigüeña lengüeta pingüe


antigüedad cigüeñal lengüetazo pingüino
argüir contigüidad lengüezuela piragüista
agüista degüello lingüista plurilingüe
agüita desagüe lingüística ragüín
ambigüedad exangüe monolingüero trilingüe
bilingüe exigüidad paragüero ungüento
bilingüismo halagüeño pedigüeño vergüenza
=====================================================================
TAREA
I. Text: B, p. 214 / Workbook: C, D, E, K, pp. 76-78
II. Rewrite the following sentences, changing the italicized words (direct objects) to direct object
pronouns (me / te / lo, la / nos / os / los, las) and making any other necessary changes. [Answers
below]

2
E.g. Yo le presté mi libro a Juan. (I lent my book to Juan)
Yo se lo presté.

1. Yo le compré una camisa a mi hermano. (I bought a shirt to my brother)

__________________________________________________________________

2. Ella nos preparó la langosta. (She prepared the lobster for us)

___________________________________________________________________.

3. Usted no me trajo el agua. (You didn’t bring the water to me)

__________________________________________________________________.

4. Ella dice que puede comprarle un helado a mi nieto. (She says that she can buy an ice-cream to my
grandson)

______________________________________________________________________.

5. Él no les está sirviendo los entremeses a ellos. (He is not serving the appetizers to them)

______________________________________________________________________.

6 ¿Ellos siempre os escriben cartas? (Do they always write letters to you? / familiar plural)

______________________________________________________________________.

III. Answer the following questions, changing the underlined words (direct objects) to direct object
pronouns and making other necessary changes.
1. ¿Uds. le pueden traer el pescado a Pablo?

-Sí, ____________________________________________

2. ¿Vosotros conocéis al cocinero (the cook)?

-No, ____________________________________________

3. ¿(Tú) nos puedes dar diez dólares?

-No,______________________________________________

4. ¿Tus padres te cocinaron estos camarones ?

-Sí, ______________________________________________

5. ¿(Ud.) Me va a preparar la sopa?

-No, ______________________________________________

3
6. ¿(Tú) Les hiciste la ensalada y el pescado con arroz a tus abuelos?

-Sí, _______________________________________________

7. ¿Ella les trajo el agua a ustedes?

-No, _______________________________________________

8. ¿Ellos os están sirviendo este vino tinto?

-Sí, ________________________________________________

9. ¿Tu amigo te pudo comprar la mermelada y el pan?

-Sí, ________________________________________________

10. ¿Uds. le dieron el desayuno (breakfast) al perro esta mañana?

-Sí, ________________________________________________

==============================================================
Respuestas
II. 1. Yo se la compré a mi hermano.
2. Ella nos la preparó.
3. Usted no me la trajo. [*note that “agua,” a feminine singular noun, takes a masculine article: el agua
(plural: “las aguas”). Yet, it’s the feminine direct object pronoun that must be used]
4. Ella dice que puede comprárselo a mi nieto(or, Ella dice que se lo puede comprar....)
5. Él no se los está sirviendo a ellos. (or, Él no está sirviéndoselos ....)
6. Sí, ellos siempre nos las escriben. / No, ellos no nos las escriben.

III. 1. Sí, se lo podemos traer. /or/ Sí, podemos traérselo.


2. No, (nosotros) no lo conocemos.
3. No, (yo) no se los puedo dar (a Uds.) / or, No, (yo) no os los puedo dar (a vosotros).
—Or: No, (yo) no puedo dárselos (a Uds.) / or, No, (yo) no puedo dároslos.
4. Sí, mis padres me los cocinaron.
5. No, (yo) no te la voy a preparar. /or/ No, (yo) no voy a preparártela.

4
6. Sí, (yo) se los hice.
7. No, ella no nos la trajo.
8. Sí, ellos nos lo están sirviendo. /or/ Sí, ellos están sirviéndonoslo.
9. Sí, mi amigo me los pudo comprar. /or/ Sí, mi amigo pudo comprármelos.
10. Sí, (nosotros) se lo dimos esta mañana.