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CONSTRUCTION METHODOLGY The following are the construction procedures that will be undertaken on REARING FOUNDATION AND

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLGY

The following are the construction procedures that will be undertaken on REARING FOUNDATION AND SITE WORKS PHASE 2 PROJECT OF PILMICO NUTRITION ANIMAL CORPORATION.

FIELD SURVEY

Before construction can commence, a Site Survey will be performed to stake out the existing structures, exact property lot boundary and grid lines of the project site, existing roads, electrical cables, water lines with its service connections and access entryways from public roads, etc.

  • A. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

    • a. INSURANCES

      • i. Surety Bond

ii. Performance Bond

  • b. MOBILIZATION AND DEMOBILIZATION

  • c. TEMPORARY FACILITY

Construct and maintain temporary facilities required for the project as

follows:

  • i. Field offices and bunkhouses

ii. Sanitary facilities iii. Storage facilities for materials iv. Access roads

  • v. Construction fence

vi. Project billboard vii. Temporary utilities (water, electricity, communications)

  • d. PERMITS, INSURANCE AND BONDS:

Secure all necessary construction permits as follows:

  • i. Building and Occupancy Permits (If required)

ii. Telephone, Water and Electrical Connection Permits (If required) iii. Environmental Compliance Certificate(If required)

  • B. SITE DEVELOPMENT

    • a. Clearing and Grubbing:

After the limits of work have been established, surface objects, trees and other protruding obstructions not designated to remain will be cleared by bulldozers or backhoe and disposed of at a designated disposal site using pay loader and dump trucks.

PEREGRINE CONSTRUCTION AND MANAGEMENT L.L.C., INC.

RAO Bldg. 1925 MacArthur Blvd., Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines 2009 WWW.PEREGRINEDC.COM

  • b. Earthworks:

b. Earthworks: Excavation works using bulldozing equipment will then commence after the lines and grades have

Excavation works using bulldozing equipment will then commence after the lines and grades have been established. When there is a discrepancy on the actual elevations and that shown on plans, a pre‐construction survey will be undertaken to serve as basis for the computation of the actual volume of excavated materials. Roadway excavation will be finished to reasonably smooth and uniform surface. Suitable materials will be used as embankment and subgrade fill. Thereafter, all unsuitable materials will be disposed of properly. Levelling of blocks using bulldozers and road graders will be in accordance with the elevations shown on plans.

  • c. Sub‐grade Preparation:

After the necessary earthworks have been completed and all culverts cross drains and waterline crossings have been installed, preparation of subgrade for support of overlying structural layers will immediately commence. This preparation will extend to the full width of the roadway which will include sidewalk, curb and gutter. All soft and unsuitable materials that will not compact properly will be immediately removed and replaced with suitable fill. Scarifying and blading using road graders and rolling with vibratory rollers will then be conducted to thoroughly compact and shape the cross section of the roadbed. To check the accuracy of the work, templates and straight edges will be provided. Field density tests will be conducted during this stage to determine the stability of the bed.

  • d. Aggregate Base Course:

The aggregate base course will be uniformly mixed and spread on the prepared subgrade in accordance with the plan thickness. The moisture content of the base material will be adjusted prior to compaction by watering, in order to obtain the required degree of compaction. Vibratory and static rollers will be used. Along curbs, headers and walls which will not be accessible to steel rollers, base material will be compacted with tampers and portable compactors. Compaction of each layer will continue until a field density of at least 98% of the maximum dry density is achieved.

  • e. Sidewalk, Curbs and Gutters:

Concrete will not be placed until forms and rebar have been checked. Forms for at least 50m will be checked for alignment and grade. Curbs and gutters constructed on curves will have wood forms and will be finished to a smooth and

even surface and the edges rounded. Forms will be removed within 24 hours after concreting. Minor defects will be retouched with mortar. The back of the curb shall be filled with suitable materials when the concrete has set.

  • f. Concrete Pavement:

Concrete pavement shall be laid directly over compacted gravel base after pouring of curbs and gutters. Where distance between curbs exceeds 4.00m, another set of forms between curbs shall be required. Transit mixers shall be allowed to directly pour concrete into the area.

C. SITEWORKS

  • a. Clearing and Grubbing

    • i. Clearing:

a. Clearing and Grubbing i. Clearing: This consists of the filling, trimming and cutting of trees

This consists of the filling, trimming and cutting of trees into sections and the satisfactory disposal of the trees and other vegetation designated for removal. Trees, stumps, roots, bush and other vegetation in areas to be cleared shall be cut off flush to or below the original ground surface except for trees and vegetation directed to be left standing.

ii. Grubbing:

This consists of the removal and disposal of roots larger than 75mm in diameter, matted roots and stumps from the indicated grubbing areas. These materials shall be excavated together with lugs, organic and metallic debris, bush and refuse. These will be removed to a depth of not less than 450mm below the original soil surface. Depression will be filled by grubbing with suitable materials and compacted to conform to the adjacent ground surface.

iii. Disposal:

This consists of the removal of all trees, shrubs, stumps, bushes and roots that were removed and shall be disposed of the property to designated sites by any suitable means.

  • b. Demolition works

This involves the demolition and removal from the site an existing structure and other obstructions present in the project site and are not being re‐used. Where existing concrete on ground is to be demolished, all existing concrete will be removed

to a minimum depth of 600mm below grade.

  • c. Lay‐outing and Staking

This sets the boundaries of work. The building, driveways, parking areas, fences and all other related structures included in the contract will be laid out and staked. Lines, grades, elevations and benchmarks required for construction will be established. All reference points will be marked for establishing lines, grades and elevations.

  • d. Earthworks

    • i. Structure Excavation:

This shall be done to the depth indicated or as necessary to obtain the required soil bearing values. All structural excavation shall extend a sufficient distance from the walls or footings to allow for proper erection and dismantling of forms, installation of utilities and inspection. In foundation beds, final excavation to ground by hand shovels or machines equipped with smooth edge bucket will be required to obtain undisturbed sub‐grade foundation satisfactory to the project manager. This shall be inspected and approved prior to concreting, installation of underground utilities and backfilling. Surface drain water shall be kept from running into the excavated

pit. Proper pumping equipment and drainage facilities shall be maintained at all times during the excavation

pit. Proper pumping equipment and drainage facilities shall be maintained at all times during the excavation period to keep such excavations dry so as to obtain a satisfactory foundation bed.

ii. Gravel Fill:

Foundation beds shall be filled with considerable amount of well‐ graded gravel to attain the required grade elevation. This shall not be less than 100mm thick and tampered to compaction.

iii. Poisoning:

This should be applied using a low pressure coarse spray at the rate of 1 gallon per 10 sq.ft. At the time of treatment, the soil shall be preferably in friable condition with low moisture content to allow uniform distribution of chemicals. This should not be applied in conditions which can cause surface run‐off to avoid environmental hazard.

iv. Structure Backfill:

After the removal of forms, all trash and other debris shall be removed from the excavation. Backfilling shall be done using approved borrow materials. Backfill in contact with new concrete shall not be placed until at least 48 hours after the removal of forms and the concrete has been inspected and found satisfactory. Filling materials shall be evenly spread in horizontal layers not more than 200mm thick. Each layer shall be watered and compacted to a density of at least 95% of maximum density at optimum moisture.

D. CONCRETE WORKS

  • a. Mixing: All structural concrete shall be mixed and delivered to site by transit mixers. Each batch delivered at the jobsite shall be accompanied by a time slip issued at the batching plant, bearing the time of departure. Discharge of concrete shall be completed within an hour after the introduction of water to the mix.

  • b. Conveying: Concrete shall be conveyed from the mixer to the forms as rapidly as possible by proper methods which will not cause segregation or loss of ingredients or aggregates. It shall be deposited as nearly as possible to its final position. At any point in the conveying, the free vertical drop shall not exceed 1.00m. Conveying equipment shall be thoroughly cleaned before each run. Concrete that has segregated in the conveying process shall be disposed of.

  • c. Vibration:

All concrete with the exemption of slabs 100mm or less in depth, shall be

compacted with high frequency internal mechanical vibrator. Concrete slabs 100mm or less in depth shall be consolidated by wood tampers, spading and settling with a heavy levelling straight edge. Vibration of forms and reinforcement

shall not be employed except when required by the structural engineer. Vibration shall be discontinued when

shall not be employed except when required by the structural engineer. Vibration shall be discontinued when the concrete ceases to decrease in volume.

  • d. Curing: Concrete shall be protected adequately and shall not be allowed to dry out from the time it is placed until the expiration of the minimum curing period. Curing shall be accomplished by moist curing or by application of a liquid curing compound.

  • e. Testing: Concrete samples shall be taken at random throughout the pouring period. Tests will be made at 7, 14 and 21 days from the time of molding. When a

satisfactory relationship between the

7

and

28

day

strengths

has

been

established, the 7th day test result may be used as indicator

of the

28th day

strength.

E. REINFORCING BARS

  • a. Cutting and fabrication:

All reinforcing bars shall be prepared free from rust, oil, grease and other coatings that would reduce or destroy its bonding properties. Rebars will be cut and fabricated using the necessary cutting outfits and bar benders that the engineer permits.

  • b. Erection: Reinforcement shall be placed accurately and securely. It shall be supported by suitable spacers and hangers. On the ground or where subject to corrosion, concrete or other suitable non‐corrodible materials shall be used for supporting reinforcement. Splices shall be in accordance with the detailed drawings and construction notes. Splices shall not be made on beams, girders and slabs at points of maximum stress.

  • c. Testing:

Samples for different sizes of rebars shall be taken for every delivery. This

shall be submitted for testing to verify their conformity to the specifications. Subsequent random testing shall be conducted throughout the construction period.

F. FORMWORKS

  • a. Application:

Varied types of forms will be utilized to different structures whichever fit the

requirement. These are metal panels, phenolic panels and metal decking forms. For stairs and other structures with complicated configurations wood and metal forms will be used.

  • b. Installation:

Metal panels and phenolic panels are keyed together by panel clips and wedge pins consecutively. At

Metal panels and phenolic panels are keyed together by panel clips and wedge pins consecutively. At foundations, these are supported by straight props to maintain their vertical and horizontal alignment. For suspended structures these are set on I‐beams supported in space by A‐frames with headers which match perfectly with the I‐beams. Metal forms are keyed together by machine bolts and are supported in the same manner as the metal panels. I‐beams/G.I. Pipes are set on straight props with headers to provide lateral supports for whaler pipes supporting metal decking and phenolic plywood which will be used for suspended slabs. Forms are oiled before concrete pouring to keep them from bonding to the structure and hasten the stripping process. These are thoroughly cleaned after stripping in preparation for the consecutive uses.

G. MASONRY WORKS

  • a. Application: 6” CHB shall be used for exterior building walls and interior walls with embedded pipes and other utilities. 4” CHB and Composite Wall by others shall be used for all other partition walls.

  • b. Laying: Concrete masonry units shall be laid following the progress of concrete works. A thorough surface preparation shall be required prior to the laying of CHB walls and partitions. These should be laid in a manner to preserve the vertical continuity of cells filled with grout. Intersections shall be anchored by reinforcing bars as indicated on the structural notes. Each unit shall be adjusted to its final position while mortar is still soft. If any unit is disturbed after mortar has stiffened, this will be re‐laid and replaced in new mortar.

  • c. Testing: Samples shall be taken per delivery. These will be subjected to compression test to verify their conformity to the specifications. No unit shall be allowed for installation until satisfactory test results are presented.