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Carbon Lining ‫ﻣﻮاد ﻧﺴﻮز ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻲ‬

Carbon Linings are commonly used in electric furnaces for smelting FeCr, FeMn, FeSi, MnSi,
Si-met, FeSi, CaC2, P and also Aluminum electrolysis cells.

There are several lining designs from traditional solutions:


• Carbon ramming pastes
• SiC ramming paste
• standard carbon Block
• Carbon Block with improved chemical resistance.

Ramming Paste

¾ Cold Ramming Paste: Cold ramming paste is produced in different grades and widely used in
Smelting Arc Furnaces (SAF), Aluminum Electrolysis cells and blast Furnaces. The installation
temperature of cold ramming paste is 25-40°c.
¾ Hot Ramming Paste: Hot ramming paste is also used in Smelting Arc Furnaces (SAF),
Aluminum Electrolysis Cells and Blast Furnaces. The hot ramming paste should be heated up to
80-90°c before installation.
¾ SiC Ramming Paste: SiC ramming paste is a mixture of SiC, carbon and some additives that is
produced on different grades. Due to high thermal shock resistant of sic ramming, its main
application is in such areas- like Furnace Tap holes.

Carbon Block

It is widely used as refractory materials in ferroalloy furnace, blast furnace, calcium carbide
furnace, and the aluminum cells. Carbon block has the properties of superior electric and thermal
conductivity, high chemical and bulk stability, as well as high strength in electrolysis under high
temperature. Carbon blocks are produced on different grades.

Pars Fararon Eng.Co.

No. 4, Sepidar St., Africa Ave., Tehran 1518943811, IRAN


Tel: +98 21 88 77 37 01 , Fax: +98 21 88 67 82 26 , E-mail: info@fararon.com , Web Site: ww.fararon.com
TYPACAL DESIGN OF SMELTING ARC FURNACE

AREA OF APPLICATION TYPE OF MATERIAL


LEVELING LAYER GRAPHITE RAMMING PASTE
HEARTH EXPANSION CARBON RAMMING PASTE
HEARTH BOTTOM CARBON BLOCK
HEARTH BOTTOM CARBON RAMMING PASTE
CARBON RAMMING PASTE
SIDE WALLS
CARBON BLOCK
MICROPORE CARBON BLOCK
TAP HOLE
SIC BLOCK
CARBON BLOCK
TAPPING LUNDER
RAMMING PASTE

Pars Fararon Eng.Co.

No. 4, Sepidar St., Africa Ave., Tehran 1518943811, IRAN


Tel: +98 21 88 77 37 01 , Fax: +98 21 88 67 82 26 , E-mail: info@fararon.com , Web Site: ww.fararon.com
Cold Carbon Ramming Paste
Product Data Sheet

Product type: Cold amorphous ramming paste


Application: Ramming mix to be used in Submerged Arc Furnaces
Batch
Mean standard
Property Unit Acceptance
value deviation
level
Green
Bulk density g/cm3 1,69 0,03 ≥1,67
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 5 - -
Maximum grain size mm 8 - -
Recommended application
˚C 25-35 - -
temperature
Baked
Bulk density g/cm3 1,56 0,03 ≥1,54
Open porosity % 18 2 ≤20
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 8 1 ≥7
Compressive strength N/mm2 20 3 ≥18
Ash content % 3 - -

Product type: Cold graphitic ramming paste


Application: Highly thermal conductive ramming for use in the joint between refractories
and cooling elements
Batch
Mean standard
Property Unit Acceptance
value deviation
level
Green
Bulk density g/cm3 1,66 0,03 ≥1,64
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 5 - -
Maximum grain size mm 4 - -
Recommended application
˚C 25-35 - -
temperature
Baked
Bulk density g/cm3 1,54 0,02 ≥1,52
Open porosity % 21 3 ≤23
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 7 1 ≥6
Compressive strength N/mm2 24 3 ≥22
Ash content % 3 - -

Pars Fararon Eng.Co.

No. 4, Sepidar St., Africa Ave., Tehran 1518943811, IRAN


Tel: +98 21 88 77 37 01 , Fax: +98 21 88 67 82 26 , E-mail: info@fararon.com , Web Site: ww.fararon.com
Carbon Block
Product Data Sheet

Product type: Furnace lining refractory


Application: Lining for Blast and Submerged Arc Furnaces
Batch
Mean standard
Property Unit Acceptance
value deviation
level 3)
Apparent density g/cm3 1,60 0,04 ≥1,57
Open porosity % 13 2 ≤15
Compressive strength N/mm2 35 4 ≥31
Coefficient of linear thermal
µm/(K.m) 2,2 0,3 ≤2,4
expansion (20-200˚C)
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 7 2 ≥5
Ash content % 3 - -
Alkali test classification LC-C - -

Product type: Furnace lining refractory (micro pore carbon)


Application: Lining for Blast and Submerged Arc Furnaces
Batch
Mean standard
Property Unit Acceptance
value deviation
level 4)
Apparent density g/cm3 1,64 0,04 ≥1,61
Open porosity % 15 2 ≤17
Compressive strength N/mm2 55 5 ≥51
Coefficient of linear thermal
µm/(K.m) 2,6 0,2 ≤2,8
expansion (20-200˚C)
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 9 2 ≥7
Ash content
% 18 - -
including refractory additives
Alkali test classification U - -

Pars Fararon Eng.Co.

No. 4, Sepidar St., Africa Ave., Tehran 1518943811, IRAN


Tel: +98 21 88 77 37 01 , Fax: +98 21 88 67 82 26 , E-mail: info@fararon.com , Web Site: ww.fararon.com
Carbon Block
Product Data Sheet

Product type: Furnace lining refractory (super micro pore carbon)


Application: Lining for Blast and Submerged Arc Furnaces
Batch
Mean standard
Property Unit Acceptance
value deviation
level 4)
Apparent density g/cm3 1,70 0,04 ≥1,67
Open porosity % 15 2 ≤17
Compressive strength N/mm2 55 5 ≥51
Coefficient of linear thermal
µm/(K.m) 2,6 0,2 ≤2,8
expansion (20-200˚C)
Thermal Conductivity (at 30˚C) W/(K.m) 17 2 ≥15
Ash content
% 22 - -
including refractory additives
Alkali test classification U - -

SiC Ramming Mix


Product Data Sheet

Product type: Silicon Carbide ramming mix


Application: A tar bonded ramming for Submerged Arc Furnace
Property Unit Typical Value
Properties as supplied
Bulk density kg/cm3 2,600
Properties fired o 100˚C in reducing conditions
Bulk density kg/cm3 2,400
Apparent porosity % 18
Cold Crushing strength MN/m2 26
Volume change % +1
SiC content (calculated) % 72

Pars Fararon Eng.Co.

No. 4, Sepidar St., Africa Ave., Tehran 1518943811, IRAN


Tel: +98 21 88 77 37 01 , Fax: +98 21 88 67 82 26 , E-mail: info@fararon.com , Web Site: ww.fararon.com