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Perception of Academic Stress Scale developed by Bedewy & Gabriel (Adapted

and Modified Instrument)

Stresses related to academic expectations


1. The competition with my peers for grades is quite

intense. 1 2 3 4

2. The teachers are critical of the student’s academic

performance 1 2 3 4

3. The teachers have unrealistic expectations to the

students 1 2 3 4

4. The unrealistic expectations of the parents

are stressing the students 1 2 3 4

Stresses related to examinations

5. The time allocated to classes and academic

work is enough 1 2 3 4

7. The students believe that the amount of their

work assignment is too much 1 2 3 4

8. The students are unable to catch up when they are

behind. 1 2 3 4

9. The students have enough time to relax after work 1 2 3 4

10. The examination questions are usually difficult 1 2 3 4

11. The examination time is short to complete the answers 1 2 3 4


12. The examination times are very stressful to me 1 2 3 4

Stresses related to students’ academic self-perceptions

13. The student are confident that they will become a

successful student. 1 2 3 4

14. The students are confident that they will become successful

in their future career 1 2 3 4

15. The students can make academic decisions easily 1 2 3 4

16. The students are afraid to fail their subject 1 2 3 4

17. The students worry that the examination is a

weakness of their character 1 2 3 4

18. The students believe that even if they pass their exam,

they still worried about getting a job in the future. 1 2 3 4