Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4



The Adverb Where do we get intelligence?
og ’kCn tks fdlh verb, adjective, sentence ;k nwljs adverb dk Whence did he come?
xq.k crkrs gSa adverb ftl ’kCn dh fo’ks"krk crkrk gS mls mlh word
3. Adverb of frequency (la[;kokpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) – buls
ds vkl-ikl j[kk tkrk gSA fdz;k fdruh ckj gqbZ bldk irk pyrk gS
Adverbs are typically express relations of place, time, Again, seldom, never, something, generally, often,
manner, attendant circumstance, degree, cause, inference, firstly, secondly, usually, ever, always, frequently,
result, condition, exception, concession, purpose, or
occasionally, repeatedly, once, etc….
He repeatedly does this mistake.
They laughed loudly. I often see people with their family at zoo.
She works carefully.
Number: - Once, twice, thrice...
She gave the reply quite
I have not seen him once.
I go to Ratangarh twice in a month.
This flower is very beautiful.
Note: - adverb of frequency dk interrogative rFkk
It was one of the most important dictionaries.
relative adverb how many times ls cukrs gSaA
lkekU;r: ftu ’kCnksa ds var esa ly tqMk gksrk gS os adverb How many times do you practice for every topic
dgykrs gSa vkSj ;s adverb, adjective esa ly tksM+dj cuk;s tkrs in a day?
gSaA 4. Adverb of Manner, Quality (Hkko okpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k)
Bad – badly sad – sadly – ;s Adverb dke djus dk rjhdk (dke dSls vkSj fdl izdkj ls
Quick – quickly careful – carefully gqvk) crkrs gSaA
Hardly, hard, well, bravery, slowly, carefully, badly,
Kinds of Adverb thus, so, certainly, kindly, stupidly, somehow, fast,
1. Adverb of time (le; okpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) – buls fdz;k anyhow, clearly, fast, beautifully, quickly, boldly,
dc gqbZ bldk irk pyrk gSA dangerously, hard, usually, well…
Then, before, since, ago, already, soon, presently, Sentence - Actually, admittedly, definitely, luckily,
early, immediately, late, later, instantly, now, surely…
afterwards, yesterday, today, recently, tomorrow, at The Sikhs fought bravely.
once, till, daily, yet, still, at present, next, now, This story is well written.
punctually, soon etc…… Slowly and sadly we laid him down.
Can I do my work later?
No, do it now. Note- adverb of manner dk interrogative rFkk
I have heard this before. relative adverb how, in what way ls cukrs gSaA
That day he arrived late. How will you do this without my help?
Note- This class includes nearly all those Adverbs
Note: - adverb of time dk interrogative rFkk relative
which are derived from adjectives and end in - ly.
adverb when, how long ls cukrs gSaA
When did he complete the homework? 5. Adverb of Quantity, Degree (ek=k] foLrkj ;k ifjek.k
okpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) – almost, very, much, too, quite,
2. Adverb of place (LFkku okpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) – buls fdz;k
fdl LFkku ij gqbZ bldk irk pyrk gS little, half, rather, completely, absolutely, enough,
Here, there, hence, hither, thither, in, out, within, fairly, somewhat, really, fairly, hardly, pretty, very…
without, above, below, inside, outside, far, near, He was too careless.
away, everywhere, however, up, by, behind, left, These mangoes are almost ripe.
near, over, upstairs etc…. Note:- adverb of quantity dk interrogative rFkk
Is Mr. Das within? relative adverb how much, how far, to what
(within - inside) extent ls cukrs gSaA
It’s raining. Let’s go inside. How much time did he spend with his father
Note: - adverb of place dk interrogative rFkk relative when he was there?
adverb where, from where (whence – dgkW ls) ls
cukrs gSaA
6. Adverb of Affirmation, Negation (ldkjkRed ;k Recently he had insured for a medical policy. ( )
udkjkRed okpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) – ;s adverb fdz;k ds gksus ;k He had recently insured for a medical policy. ( )
u gksus dk cks/k djkrs gSaA Recently had he insured for a medical policy. ( )
Yes, of course, sure, by all means, certainly, no, not,
not at all, neither etc… Rule 5 - tc fdlh sentence dh ’kq:vkr hardly, scarcely,
He certainly went there. seldom, never, no sooner, never again, here, there,
Of course, I did this work. under no circumstances, in no way, at no time, on no
7. Interrogative adverb (iz’uokpd fdz;k fo’ks"k.k) - ;s condition, only last month, under the table ls dh xbZ
adverb wh ’kCn ls ’kq: gksrs gSa vkSj time, place, manner, gks rks buds lkFk case of inversion (verb + subject) dk
state, reason vkfn dh tkudkjh nsrs gSaA use gksrk gSA
When did you come?
At no time the P.M. was aware of what was
How many clothes have you purchased?
happening. ( )
Why are you coming late? At no time was the P.M. aware of what was
Some important facts about adverb happening. (√)
Rule 1 – tc fdlh sentence esa adverb of time, adverb of Under no circumstances I will do it. ( )
manner, adverb of place dk use ,d lkFk fd;k x;k gks rks Under no circumstances will I do it. (√)
bUgsa fy[kus dk dze manner + place + time dk gksrk gSA No sooner she went to market than her father
She sang in the school perfectly last night. ( ) called her to come back. ( )
She sang perfectly in the school last night. (√) No sooner did she go to market than her father
called her to come back. (√)
ysfdu] come/go/arrive/reach ds lkFk place + manner + Rule 6 – tc fdlh okD; esa unfilled condition, desire,
time dk order use djrs gSA condition crkus okys okD;ksa esa ;fn izkjaHk if ls u fd;k x;k gks rks
The students went quickly home. ( ) mlds lkFk case of inversion dk use djrs gSaA
The students went home quickly. (√) I Were a bird, I would fly. ( )
Were I a bird, I would fly. (√)
Rule 2 – tc fdlh sentence esa adverb of time, adverb of I had done well, I would have been rewarded. ( )
manner, adverb of place rFkk adverb of frequency Had I done well, I would have been rewarded. (√)
(once, twice, thrice...) dk use ,d lkFk fd;k x;k gks rks bUgsa
fy[kus dk dze fuEufyf[kr gksrk gSA ysfdu] sentence dks if ls start fd;k tk;s rks case of inversion
use ugha djrs gSaA
Manner + Place + Frequency + Time If had I any money, I would buy a car for you. ( )
Rohan comes to his uncle’s house every year five If I had any money, I would buy a car for you. (√)
times. ( )
Rohan comes to his uncle’s house five times every Rule 7 – fuEufyf[r verb of sensation ds ckn adjective dk
year. (√) use djrs gSa adverb dk ughaA
Feel, smell, taste, seem, appear, loom, sound, look,
Rule 3 – tc fdlh sentence esa adverb of time dk use dbZ The rose smells sweetly. ( )
ckj fd;k x;k gks rks bUgsa fy[kus dk dze NksVs ls cM+s The rose smells sweet. (√)
(ascending) dk gksrk gSA She seems angrily. ( )
I saw her on Tuesday in January at 5 o’clock. ( ) She seems angry. (√)
I saw her at 5 o’clock on Tuesday in January (√) Medicine taste bitterly. ( )
Medicine taste bitter. (√)
Rule 4 – tc fdlh sentence esa adverb of frequency
(always, seldom, never, often, usually, generally, Rule 8 – fuEufyf[r verb ds ckn adjective dk use djrs gSa
daily, rarely, hardly, scarcely, nearly, already, adverb dk ughaA
almost, just, recently) dk use fd;k tk;s rks lkekU;r% bUgsa Be, become, remain, turn, get, grow, keep, make, and
helping verb vkSj main verb ds chp j[kk tkrk gSA prove
He got angrily after listening his father. ( )
Why did you go to hospital always to meet her? ( )
He got angry after listening his father. (√)
Why did you always go to hospital to meet her? (√)


Rule 9 – dqN ’kCn adjective vkSj adverb nksuksa form esa same characterise, count, interpret, look on, use, refer,
jgrs gSAa rFkk buesa ly dk use ugha gksrk gSA recognize, see, think of, act vkfn ds ckn vFkZ ds vuqlkj
Hard, fast, late, straight, outright, direct, high, safe, fd;k tk ldrk gSA
early and quiet They regard me their son. ( )
He is walking fast. He is a fast runner. They regard me as their son. (√)
He works hard. This is a hard work. Chemistry has been defined the study of molecule. ( )
We wake up early. He came by an early ship. Chemistry has been defined as the study of molecule. (√)

dqN fn, x;s ’kCnksa esa ly tksM+us ij mudk meaning vyx vFkZ esa gks But, adverb “as” dk use choose, appoint, consider,
tkrk gS vkSj budk iz;ksx vFkZ ds vuqlkj djuk pkfg, – think, call, elect, make vkfn ds ckn ugha djrs gSaA
He thinks her as a fool in the class. ( )
Recent - u;k] vktdy dk Recently – gky gh esa He thinks her a fool in the class. (√)
Present – ekStwnk Presently – vHkh&vHkh
He was elected as an engineer. ( )
Short – ,dk,d] vYidkyhu Shortly – ‘’kh?kz] dqN le;
He was elected an engineer. (√)
Late – nsj Lately - gky gh esa
Aloud –audible tksj ls Loudly - tksj ls Use of some adverb
Hard – dfBu] l[r Hardly – eqf’dy ls] ’kk;n gh
Like – dh rjg] tSlk Likely - laHko Too – dk iz;ksx Þvko’;drk ls vf/kdß (more than require) ds
Quiet – ’kkar Quietly - ’kkafr iwod
Z ] fuf"dz; <ax ls vFkZ esa gksrk gS bldk use unpleasant condition dks
Live - jguk Alive - thfor express djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA rFkk too ds lkFk
Free - eqDr Freely – Lora=kiwoZd positive degree ds adjective use fd;k tkrk gSA
We can go free anywhere in India. ( ) Too - bad, naughty, wicked, dull, weak...
We can go freely anywhere in India. (√)
He is too weak in the class.
I bought a mobile and I got its service freely of cost. ( )
I bought a mobile and I got its service free of cost. (√)
He is too lazy.
We can’t play drum loud in this garden. ( ) I too invited for tea. (for the sense of besides)
We can’t play drum loudly in this garden. (√) She found her mobile and bag too.

Rule 10 – infinitive (to + v1) ds chp dHkh Hkh adverb dk use Too + much (noun)
ugha djrs gaSA Much + too (Adjective)
He asked them to carefully write the answer. Too + many + noun
He asked them to write the answer carefully.
This shirt is much too expensive. It costs $30 and I
Rule 11 –dqN word ftudk use noun, adjective ;k adverb only have $25.
ds :i esa gksus ij mudks fuEu rjg ls fy[kk tkrk gSA I drank too much water; now I really need to go to
Noun Adjective Adverb the bathroom!
Cowards cowardly in a cowardly manner She put too many eggs into the cake. The recipe
Scholar scholarly in a scholarly manner said 3 and she used 5.
Miser miserly in a miserly manner Very – dk iz;ksx Þvko’;drk ds vuq:iß (pleasant condition) ds
Niggard niggardly in a niggardly manner vFkZ esa gksrk gS
Friend friendly in a friendly manner Very - good, happy, healthy, glad, wise, cold, hot
Man Manly Manfully I am very glad to see you.
He is a miser. (noun) My son’s health is very good.
He is a miserly man. (adjective)
He behaved in a miserly manner. (adverb) Much/Very - Much dk use comparative degree ds igys
rFkk Very dk use positive degree ds lkFk fd;k tkrk gSA
Note: There are some words also which used as an You are intelligent
adjective while ending with ly. Ram is much better than Shyam.
Weekly, yearly, monthly (noun, adj., adv.), orderly, Note: fdlh adjective dks emphasise djus ds fy, blds igys
gentlemanly, slovenly, masterly much dk use djrs gSaA
She fought in the war manfully. You are much more intelligent than Mohan.
Note: Present participle (ving) ds lkFk very rFkk past
Rule 11– adverb “as” dk use regards, describe, define,
participle (V3)ds lkFk much dk use fd;k tkrk gS
treat, Serve, view, know, express, accept,
This book is very interesting. I have enough time to do work.
I am much surprised. He ran fast enough. (adverb)
She was much obliged to you. He has beaten enough. (adverb)
fuEu past participle ds lkFk Much ds cnys Very dk She is beautiful enough. (Adjective)
use fd;k tkrk gS
Pleased, tired, elated, dejected, contented, Nearly/Almost(djhc–djhc@yxHkx)-;fn okD; esa auxiliary,
discontented, drunk, limited, delighted, daring, main verb nksukas dk use fd;k x;k gS rks nearly, almost dk
confusing, boring, entertaining, surprising... use nksukas verb ds chp esa fd;k tkrk gSA
There were almost five hundred students there.
Note: Affirmative okD;ksa esa very ds LFkku ij very much rFkk There were nearly five hundred students there.
negative okD;ksa esa dsoy much dk use fd;k tkrk gSA I have almost finished my work.
I like him very much. I have nearly finished my work.
I don’t like him much.
Yet/ Still – (vHkh rd@fQj Hkh, vHkh Hkh)
Still - still dk iz;ksx auxiliary verb ds ckn rFkk main verb ds
igys gksrk gS rFkk bldk iz;ksx simple or interrogative
sentence esa fd;k tkrk gS still generally okD;ksa ds chp esa
iz;ksx gksrk gSA
Rahul is yet unhappy.
(Use ‘still’ instead of ‘yet’)
Is the child still weeping?
Yet - dk iz;ksx lkekU;r% okD; ds last esa negative rFkk
interrogative sentence esa rFkk present perfect tense
esa fd;k tkrk gSA
Jay has not reached yet.
Has Ram not understood it yet?
Fairly/Rather- (ilan vkus ;ksX;@ ilan u vkus ;ksX;) fairly
dk iz;ksx positive sense (vPNs xq.k crkus es)a rFkk Rather
dk iz;ksx positive or comparative nksuksa degree esa
Negative sense (cqjs xq.k crkus) esa fd;k tkrk gSA
Tea is fairly hot.
Tea is rather hot.
This problem is rather worse.
Before / Ago (igys) – before dk use past vkSj future
nksukas tense esa fd;k tkrk gS tcfd Ago dk use past
indefinite tense esa fd;k tkrk gSA
She will give money to me before her
appointments. (Before)
I had gone to Agra before my marriage.
He went to Agra an hour ago.
I saw him five minute ago.
Enough (dkQh@i;kZIr) - bldk dk iz;ksx Adjective or Adverb
nksauks dh rjg djrs gS
tc Enough dk use noun ;k pronoun ls igys gksrk gS rks
;g adjective dh rjg dke djrk gS vkSj ;fn Enough dk use
adverb ds :i esa gksrk gS rks ;g verb adjective vFkok nwljs
adverb ds ckn gksrk gSA
Enough ftl word dks modify djrk gS mlds ckn vkrk gSA