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Edzel B.

Briones
ChE 192 Take Home Exercise (CSTR)
2009-34094
Birthdate: December 22, 1992 (Capricorn)
Favorite ChE Subject: Law and Ethics

Given:

space time, τ ≔ 34 min


3
volumetric flowrate, vo ≔ 0.9 ――
m
hr
bulk density, ρb ≔ 910 ――
kg
3
m
bulk viscosity, μb ≔ 29 ⋅ 10 poise = 0.029 Pa ⋅ s
−2

assume Nre>10,000
impeller: six blade turbine

Required: design a CSTR

Solution:

V ≔ τ ⋅ vo
V = 34 ⋅ 0.9
3
V = 0.51 m

Vtank ≔ 1.2 ⋅ V
Vtank = 1.2 ⋅ 0.51
3
Vtank = 0.612 m

3 ‾‾‾‾‾‾
⎛ 4⋅V⎞
Dt ≔ ⎜⎝――
π ⎟⎠
3 ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
⎛ 4 ⋅ 0.51 ⎞
Dt = ⎜⎝―――
3.14 ⎟⎠
Dt = 0.866 m

4 ⋅ Vtank
Ht ≔ ―――
2
π ⋅ Dt
4 ⋅ 0.612
Ht = ――――
3.14 ⋅ 0.866
Ht = 1.039 m

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Dimensions of CSTR

ZL ≔ Dt
ZL = 0.866 m

Dt
DI ≔ ―
3
DI = 0.289 m

Dt
W≔―
10
W = 0.087 m

ZI ≔ DI
ZI = 0.289 m

3 ⋅ DI
Dd ≔ ――
4
Dd = 0.216 m

DI
I≔―
4
I = 0.072 m

DI
b≔―
5
b = 0.058 m

Dt
m≔―
5
m = 0.173 m

Calculation of Mixing Time

To ensure high degree of agitation, tip speed should be greater than 4. For initial condition:
Tip Speed, Vp ≔ 4 ―
m
s
then for Impeller revolutions per unit time:
Vp
N ≔ ――
π ⋅ DI
m
4―
s
N = ―――――
3.14 ⋅ 0.289 m

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1
N = 4.411 ―
s
2
N ⋅ DI
NFr ≔ ―――
g
2
4.411 ⋅ 0.289
NFr = ―――――
9.806
NFr = 0.573

1
― 0.5
6 ⎛ ZL ⎞
5 ⋅ NFr ⋅ ⎜―⎟
⎝ DI ⎠
tm ≔ ――――――
2
⎛ DI ⎞
N ⋅ ⎜―⎟
⎝ Dt ⎠
1
― 0.5
6 ⎛ 0.866 ⎞
5 ⋅ 0.573 ⋅ ⎜――⎟
⎝ 0.289 ⎠
tm = ―――――――
2
⎛ 0.289 ⎞
4.411 ⋅ ⎜――⎟
⎝ 0.866 ⎠
tm = 16.102 s

―= 0.008 < 0.1, then it is acceptable.


tm
τ

Computation for Power Dissipation

From Figure 5-6 of ChE 192 Handout, at Nre>10,000 and using Curve 1 for flat blade impeller.
the Power Number is 5.
NP ≔ 5

3 5
Pa ≔ NP ⋅ ρb ⋅ N ⋅ DI
3 5
Pa = 5 ⋅ 910 ⋅ 4.411 ⋅ 0.289
Pa = 782.503 W

>1,500 so there is high degree of agitation, therefore acceptable.


Pa W
― = 1534.32 ――3
V m

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Computation for Radius of Action
1

2
−2 ⎛ Pa ⎞
RA ≔ 9 ⋅ 10 ⋅ ⎜―⎟
⎝ μb ⎠

1

2
−2 ⎛ 782.503171226249 ⎞
RA ≔ 9 ⋅ 10 ⋅ ⎜――――――⎟ = 0.468 m
⎝ 29 ⎠

RAh ≔ 0.5 ⋅ RA = 0.234 m


RAy ≔ 0.2 ⋅ RA = 0.094 m

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