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CERTC-EE Refresher Exam ESAS

Instruction: Select the correct answer for each of the following 13. A particle moves 5 m in the positive x direction while being acted upon
questions. Mark only one answer for each item by shading the box a constant force F = 4i + 2j – 4k N. The work done on the particle by
corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. this force is:
A. 20 J * C. -20 J
Strictly no erasures allowed. Use pencil no. 1 only. B. 10 J D. 30 J
NOTE: Whenever you come across a caret (^) sign, it means
14. An object is 30 cm in front of a converging lens of focal length 10 cm.
The image is
A. real and larger C. real and smaller *
PHYSICS B. real and same size D. virtual and smaller
1. The SI base unit for mass is:
A. gram C. kilogram * 15. A camera with a lens of focal length 6.0 cm takes a picture of a 1.4 m
B. pound D. ounce tall man standing 11 m away. The height of the image is about
A. 0.39 cm C. 1.5 cm
2. The average speed of a moving object during a given interval of time B. 0.77 cm * D. 3 cm
is always:
A. the magnitude of its average velocity over the interval 16. A glass plate is 0.60 cm thick and has a refractive index of 1.55. How
B. the distance covered during the time interval divided by the time long does it take for a pulse of light incident normally to pass through
interval * the plate?
C. one-half its speed at the end of the interval A. 2 x 10-11 s C. 6.2 x 10 -11 s
D. its acceleration multiplied by the time interval B. 3.1 x 10-11 s * D. 4 x 10-11 s

3. Which of the following is a scalar quantity? 17. A ray of light in air strikes a glass plate (n = 1.5) at an incidence angle
A. Speed * C. Displacement of 50 deg. Determine the angle of reflected and refracted rays.
A. 50 deg, 31 deg * C. 50 deg, 50 deg
B. Velocity D. Acceleration
B. 31 deg, 50 deg D. 31 deg, 31 deg
4. Which of the following is NOT an example of accelerated motion?
A. Vertical component of projectile motion 18. A 15 g bullet is fired horizontally into a 3 kg block of wood suspended
by a long cord. The bullet sticks in the block. Compute the speed of
B. A swinging pendulum
the bullet before collision if the impact causes the block to swing 10
C. Earth’s motion about sun cm above its initial level.
D. Horizontal component of projectile motion * A. 1.4 m/s C. 1.4 km/s
B. 0.28 km/s * D. 0.28 m/s
5. An object moving at constant velocity in an inertial frame must:
A. have a net force on it 19. The nucleus of an atom has a mass of 3.8 x 10-25 kg and is at rest.
B. not have any force of gravity on it The nucleus is radioactive and suddenly ejects a particle of mass 6.6
C. have zero net force on it * x 10-27 kg and speed 1.5 x 107 m/s. Find the recoil speed of the
D. have no frictional force on it nucleus that is left behind.
A. 2.7 x 105 m/s C. 7.2 x 105 m/s
6. A newton is the force: B. -2.7 x 105 m/s * D. -7.2 x 105 m/s
A. of gravity on a 1 kg body
B. that gives a 1 g body an acceleration of 1 cm/s2 20. A 1 kg ball moving at 12 m/s collides head-on with a 2 kg ball moving
C. that gives a 1 kg body an acceleration of 1 m/s2 * in the opposite direction at 24 m/s. Determine the motion of each after
impact if e = 2/3.
D. that gives a 1 kg body an acceleration of 9.8 m/s2
A. v1 = 28 m/s; v2 = 4 m/s C. v1 = 28 m/s; v2 = -4 m/s
B. v1 = -28 m/s; v2 = 4 m/s D. v1 = -28 m/s; v2 = -4 m/s *
7. Acceleration is always in the direction:
A. of the initial velocity
21. A 0.25 kg ball moving in the +x-direction at 13 m/s is hit by a bat. Its
B. of the final velocity
final velocity is 19 m/s in the –x-direction. The bat acts on the ball for
C. of the net force * 0.010 s. Find the average force F exerted on the ball by the bat.
D. opposite to the frictional force A. 0.80 kN C. -0.80 kN *
B. 0.15 kN D. -0.15 Kn
8. A car travels east at constant velocity. The net force on the car is:
A. east C. north 22. A car moving at 20 m/s with its horn blowing (f = 1200 Hz) is chasing
B. west D. zero * another car going at 15 m/s. What is the apparent frequency of the
horn as heard by the driver being chased? Take the speed of sound
9. The gravitational constant G has the derived units: to be 340 m/s.
A. Nm C. N kg/m A. 1.183 kHz C. 1.331 kHz
B. Nm/kg D. N m2/kg2 * B. 1.083 kHz D. 1.22 kHz *

10. The mass of an object: 23. An explosion occurs at a distance of 6 km from a person. How long
A. is slightly different at different locations on earth after the explosion does the person hear it? Assume the temperature
B. is a vector is 14 degC.
C. is independent of the acceleration due to gravity * A. 16.7 s C. 14.6 s
D. can be measured directly and accurately on a spring scale B. 17.6 s * D. 16.4 s

11. A boy holds a 40 N weight at arm’s length for 10s. his arm is 1.5 m 24. A 500 g block is shot up the incline with an initial speed of 200 cm/s.
above the ground. The work done by the force of the boy on the How far up the incline will it go if the coefficient of friction between it
weight while he is holding it is and the incline is 0.150?
A. 0 J * C. 40 J A. 0.635 m C. 0.356 m
B. 6.1 J D. 60 J B. 0.365 m * D. 0.179 m

12. A 2 kg object is moving at 3 m/s. A 4 N force is applied in the direction 25. An advertisement claims that a certain 1200 kg car can accelerate
of motion and then removed after the object has traveled an additional from rest to a speed of 25 m/s in a time of 8s. What average power
5 m. The work done by this force is must the motor produce to cause this acceleration? Ignore friction
A. 12 J C. 18 J losses.
A. 36 hp C. 47 hp
B. 15 J D. 20 J *
B. 74 hp D. 63 hp *

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CERTC-EE Refresher Exam ESAS

MECHANICS 1 & 2 39. A particle moves in a straight line with constant acceleration. At t = 10
s velocity and displacement of the particle are 16 m/s and 39 m
26. A brick slides on a horizontal surface. Which of the following will respectively. What will be the velocity after 10 s?
increase the magnitude of the frictional force on it? A. 22 m/s C. 20 m/s *
A. Putting a second brick on top * B. 18 m/s D. 28 m/s
B. Decreasing the surface area of contact
C. Increasing the surface area of contact 40. A particle moves with a constant acceleration 2 m/s2 in x direction.
D. Decreasing the mass of the brick The distance travelled in fifth second is 19 m. Calculate the distance
travelled after 5 seconds.
A. 50 m C. 80 m
27. Uniform circular motion is the direct consequence of:
B. 75 m * D. 70 m
A. Newton’s third law
B. a force of constant magnitude that is always directed away from
41. A particle moves in one direction with acceleration 2 m/s2 and initial
the same fixed point
velocity 3 m/s. After what time its displacement will be 10 m?
C. a force of constant magnitude that is always directed toward the A. 1 s C. 3 s
same fixed point * B. 2 s * D. 4 s
D. a force that is always tangent to path
42. Displacement of a particle in y direction is given by y = t2 – 5t +5
28. An object moving in a circle at constant speed where t is in seconds. Calculate the time when its velocity is zero.
A. must have only one force acting on it A. 5 s C. 10 s
B. is not accelerating B. 2.5 s * D. 3 s
C. has an acceleration that is tangent to the circle
D. has an acceleration of constant magnitude * 43. A particle moves in one direction with acceleration 2 m/s2 and initial
velocity 3 m/s. After what time its displacement will be 10 m?
29. The forces, which meet at one point, but their lines of action do not lie A. 1 s C. 3 s
in the same plane, are called B. 2 s * D. 4 s
A. coplanar non-concurrent forces
B. non-coplanar concurrent forces * 44. A 6 kg object is moving south. A net force of 12 N north on it results
C. non-coplanar non-concurrent forces in the object having acceleration of
D. intersecting forces A. 2 m/s2, north * C. 6 m/s2, north
B. 2 m/s2, south D. 18 m/s2, south
30. D’Alembert’s principle is used for
A. reducing the problem of kinetics to equivalent statics problem * 45. A constant force of 8 N is exerted for 4 s on a 16 kg object initially at
B. determining stresses in the truss rest. The change in speed of this object will be
C. stability of floating bodies A. 0.5 m/s C. 4 m/s
D. solving kinematic problems B. 2 m/s * D. 8 m/s

31. The friction force is directly proportional to the ______ 46. A 1000 kg elevator is rising and its speed is increasing at 3 m/s2. The
A. Applied load C. The normal force * tension force of the cable on the elevator is
B. Type of surface used D. The horizontal load A. 6800 N C. 3000 N
B. 1000 N D. 12800 N *
32. The coefficient of kinetic friction is _________ than the coefficient of
static friction. 47. A man weighing 700 N is in an elevator that is accelerating upward at
A. smaller * C. Significantly larger 4 m/s2. The force exerted on him by the elevator floor is
B. Larger D. Highly larger A. 71 N C. 410 N
B. 290 N D. 990 N *
33. A branch of physics dealing with motion without considering its
causes is known as 48. An automobile moves on a level horizontal road in a circle of radius
A. Kinematics * C. Dynamics 30 m. The coefficient of friction between tires and road is 0.50. The
B. Hydrodynamics D. Kinetics maximum speed with which this car can round this curve is
A. 3 m/s C. 9.8 m/s
B. 4.9 m/s D. 12 m/s *
34. A projectile is fired at an angle theta to the vertical. Its horizontal range
will be maximum when theta is
A. 0 deg C. 45 deg * 49. From a point on a hill (downhill), which is inclined at an angle of 30
B. 30 deg D. 90 deg degrees from the horizontal, a projectile is released with a velocity of
300 m/s at an angle of 20 degrees with the horizontal. Compute the
range down the incline.
35. What does the speedometer measure kept in motorbike? A. 14 435 m C. 16 500 m
A. Average Velocity C. Average speed *
B. 15 345 m D. 17 600 m *
B. instantaneous speed D. instantaneous velocity
50. An object strats from rest with a constant acceleration of 8 m/s2 along
36. The motion of a particle along a straight line is described by the a straight line. Find the speed at the end of 5 s.
function x = (3t -2)^2. Calculate the acceleration after 10 s. A. 40 m/s * C. 30 m/s
A. 9 m/s2 C. 36 m/s2
B. 20 m/s D. 50 m/s
B. 18 m/s2 * D. 6 m/s2
51. A truck’s speed increases uniformly from 15 kph to 60 kph in 20 s.
37. A particle moving in a straight line with initial velocity of 200 m/s Determine the distance traveled.
acceleration of the particle is given by a = 3t2 – 2t. Find the velocity A. 21 m C. 0.21 m
of the particle at 10 s.
B. 0.21 km * D. 15 m
A. 1100m/s * C. 900 m/s
B. 300 m/s D. 100 m/s
52. A ball is dropped from rest at a height of 50 m above the ground. What
is its speed just before it hits the ground?
38. A car is moving with speed 30 m/s. Due to application of brakes it A. 13 m/s C. 3.19 m/s
travels 30 m before stopping. Find its acceleration.
B. 31.3 m/s * D. 12 m/s
A. 15 m/s2 C. 30 m/s2
B. -15 m/s2 * D. -10 m/s2
53. A bus moving at a speed of 20 m/s begins to slow at a constant rate
of 3 m/s each second. Find how far it goes before stopping.

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CERTC-EE Refresher Exam ESAS

A. 50 m C. 70 m * 67. Deformation in which stress and strain are proportional.

B. 60 m D. 80 m A. Elastic Deformation * C. Biaxial Deformation
B. Plastic Deformation D. Dilation
54. A ballast bag is dropped from a balloon that is 300 m above the
ground and rising at 13 m/s. For the bag, find the maximum height 68. A stress that is produced whenever the applied loads cause one
reached. section of the body to tend to slide past its adjacent section.
A. 8.6 m C. 300 m A. Normal Stress C. Bending Stress
B. 306.8 m D. 308.6 m * B. Shear Stress * D. Thermal Stress

55. A baseball is thrown with an initial velocity of 100 m/s at an angle of 69. A steel bar of 5 mm is heated from 15° C to 40° C and it is free to
30 degrees above the horizontal. When will the baseball attain its expand. The bar Will induce
original level? A. Thermal Stress C. Tensile Stress
A. 10.09 s C. 19.10 s B. Shear Stress D. No Stress *
B. 10.90 s D. 10. 19 s *
70. The deformation per unit length is called
56. A ball is thrown upward at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal A. Tension C. Strain *
and lands on the top edge of the building that is 20 m away. The top B. Compression D. Shear
edge is 5 m above the throwing point. How fast was the ball thrown?
A. 10 m/s C. 20 m/s *
71. If a steel rod of 50 mm diameter and 1 m long is constructed at the
B. 15 m/s D. 25 m/s ends and heated to 200 degC from an initial temperature of 20 deg
C, what would be the axial load developed? Take the coefficient of
57. A baseball is thrown with an initial velocity of 100 m/s at an angle of thermal expansion as 12 x 10-6 /degC and E = 200 GPa.
30 degrees above the horizontal. When will the baseball attain its A. 959 kN C. 737 kN
original level? B. 848 kN * D. 626 kN
A. 10.09 s C. 19.10 s
B. 10.90 s D. 10. 19 s * 72. A rod 50 mm in diameter and 150 mm long is compressed axially by
a uniformly distributed load of 250 kN. Find the change in diameter of
58. A flywheel has a moment of inertia of 3.8 kg-m2. What constant the rod if E = 200 GPa and v=0.3.
torque is required to increase its frequency from 2 rev/s to 5 rev/s in A. 9.5 um * C. 8.2 um
6 revolutions? B. 8.9 um D. 7.5 um
A. 24 N-m C. 12 N-m
B. 42 N-m * D. 21 N-m 73. A steel rod 3.5m long is secured between two walls. If the load on the
rod is zero at 30°C, compute the stress when the temperature drops
59. The wheel on a grinder is a uniform 0.90 kg disk of 8 cm radius. It to -30°C. The cross sectional area of the rod is 1200mm 2, α
coasts uniformly to rest from 1400 rpm in a time of 35 s. How large a =11.7um/(m°C), and E=200GPa.
friction torque slows its motion? A. 110 MPa C. 130 MPa
A. -1.2 x 10-2 N-m * C. 2.9 x 10-2 N-m B. 120 MPa D. 140 MPa *
B. 1.2 x 10-2 N-m D. -2.9 x 10-2 N-m
74. A steel shaft 3ft long that has a diameter of 5in is subjected to a torque
60. The driving wheel of a belt drive attached to an electric motor has a of 14kip-ft. Determine the maximum shearing stress. G=12x106 psi.
diameter of 38 cm and operates at 1200 rpm. The tension in the belt A. 0.47° * C. 0.68°
is 130 N on the slack side, and 600 N on the tight side. Find the B. 0.53° D. 0.71°
horsepower transmitted to the wheel by the belt.
A. 15 hp * C. 8 hp
75. A 2-in diameter steel tube with a wall thickness of 0.05 inch just fits in
B. 10 hp D. 11 hp a rigid hole. Find the tangential stress if an axial compressive load of
3140 lb is applied. Assume v = 0.3 and neglect the possibility of
A. 2298.5 psi * C. 3481.5 psi
61. It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve at which the material B. 8982.5 psi D. 9994.9 psi
has deformed plastically; that is, it will no longer return to its original
size and shape after removing the load. 76. A steel bar 50 mm in diameter and 2 m long is surrounded by a shell
A. Proportional Limit C. Yield Point of cast iron 5 mm thick. Compute the load that will compress the
B. Elastic Limit * D. Tensile Point combined bar a total of 0.8 mm in the length of 2 m. For steel, E =
200 GPa, and for cast iron, E = 100 GPa.
62. It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve at which there is a A. 34.56 kN C. 157.08 kN
significant increase in strain with little or no increase in stress. B. 191.64 kN * D. 122.52 kN
A. Proportional Limit C. Yield Point *
B. Elastic Limit D. Tensile Point 77. A cylindrical pressure vessel is fabricated from steel plates which
have a thickness of 20 mm. The diameter of the pressure vessel is
63. It is a measure of the stiffness of a material determined by the slope 500 mm and its length is 3m. Determine the maximum internal
of the straight-line portion of the stress-strain curve. pressure which can be applied if the stress in the steel is limited to
A. Modulus of elasticity * C. Strain 240 MPa.
A. 11.2 MPa C. 45.6 MPa
B. Modulus of rigidity D. Stress
B. 65.8 MPa D. 19.2 MPa *
64. The ratio of shearing stress to shearing strain is called:
A. Modulus of elasticity C. Modulus of elongation 78. Find the required diameter of a steel member if the tensile design load
is 7000 pounds. Assume a safety factor of 5 based on an ultimate
B. Modulus of rigidity * D. Bulk Modulus
strength of 80 000 psi.
A. 0.05570 in * C. 0.8928 in
65. It is a measure of pulling and pushing force. B. 0.8618 in D. 0.6180 in
A. Axial Force * C. Torque
B. Shear Force D. Bending Moment
79. What force P is required to punch a ½ in hole on a 3/8 in thick plate if
the ultimate shear strength of the plate is 42 000 psi?
66. It occurs when a member carries a load perpendicular to its long axis A. 24940 lbs C. 24960 lbs
while being supported in a stable manner. B. 24620 lbs D. 24740 lbs *
A. Bending Stress * C. Torsion
B. Normal Stress D. Shear Stress
80. Compute the speed of the gear mounted on a 52.5 mm diameter shaft
receiving power from a driving motor with 250 hp.

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CERTC-EE Refresher Exam ESAS

A. 2182 rpm C. 2282 rpm *

B. 2071 rpm D. 2341 rpm

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