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# PART A (ANSWER ANY THREE) 10 x 3 = 30 MARKS

## 1. (a) Explain the concept of “continuum”. (3)

(b) Show that the centre of pressure, for a plane surface immersed in a static fluid either
vertically or inclined, lies always below the centre of gravity. (7)

2. A square metal plate 1.8 m side and 1.8 mm thick weighing 60 N is to be lifted through a vertical
gap of 30 mm of infinite extent. The oil in the gap has a specific gravity 0.95 and viscosity 30
poise. The metal plate is lifted at a constant speed of 12 cm/s. The plate is in the middle of the
gap. Find the force and power required, considering the effect of buoyancy. (10)

3. A wooden cylinder of specific gravity 0.6 and diameter D and length L is required to float in oil of
specific gravity 0.9. Find L/D ratio for the cylinder to float with longitudinal axis vertical. (10)

4. A cylindrical tank of 3m height and 5 cm2 cross-sectional area is filled with water up to a height
of 2m and remaining with oil of specific gravity 0.8. The vessel is open to atmosphere. Calculate
(a) pressure intensity at the interface in N/m2 (b) gauge pressure on the base of the tank in
terms of oil head (c) net force experienced by the base of the tank. Take atmospheric
pressure =1.0132 bar. (10)

## 5. (a)Derive 3- dimensional continuity equation in rectangular co-ordinates (7)

(b) The following case represents the velocity such that they satisfy continuity equation.
Determine the third velocity component : v = 2y2 ,w = 2xy2 (3)

## 6. (a) Distinguish between stream lines and streak lines . (3)

(b) Explain different types of fluid flow, with examples (7)

## 7. (a)Distinguish between convective and local acceleration. (3)

(b)A nozzle is so shaped that the velocity of flow along the centre line changes from 1.5 m/s to
15 m/s in a distance of 0.375m .Determine the magnitude of the convective acceleration at the
beginning and end of this distance. (7)