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PART A (ANSWER ANY THREE) 10 x 3 = 30 MARKS

1. (a) Explain the concept of “continuum”. (3)


(b) Show that the centre of pressure, for a plane surface immersed in a static fluid either
vertically or inclined, lies always below the centre of gravity. (7)

2. A square metal plate 1.8 m side and 1.8 mm thick weighing 60 N is to be lifted through a vertical
gap of 30 mm of infinite extent. The oil in the gap has a specific gravity 0.95 and viscosity 30
poise. The metal plate is lifted at a constant speed of 12 cm/s. The plate is in the middle of the
gap. Find the force and power required, considering the effect of buoyancy. (10)

3. A wooden cylinder of specific gravity 0.6 and diameter D and length L is required to float in oil of
specific gravity 0.9. Find L/D ratio for the cylinder to float with longitudinal axis vertical. (10)

4. A cylindrical tank of 3m height and 5 cm2 cross-sectional area is filled with water up to a height
of 2m and remaining with oil of specific gravity 0.8. The vessel is open to atmosphere. Calculate
(a) pressure intensity at the interface in N/m2 (b) gauge pressure on the base of the tank in
terms of oil head (c) net force experienced by the base of the tank. Take atmospheric
pressure =1.0132 bar. (10)

PART B (ANSWER ANY TWO) 10 * 2 = 20 MARKS

5. (a)Derive 3- dimensional continuity equation in rectangular co-ordinates (7)


(b) The following case represents the velocity such that they satisfy continuity equation.
Determine the third velocity component : v = 2y2 ,w = 2xy2 (3)

6. (a) Distinguish between stream lines and streak lines . (3)


(b) Explain different types of fluid flow, with examples (7)

7. (a)Distinguish between convective and local acceleration. (3)


(b)A nozzle is so shaped that the velocity of flow along the centre line changes from 1.5 m/s to
15 m/s in a distance of 0.375m .Determine the magnitude of the convective acceleration at the
beginning and end of this distance. (7)