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The Effectiveness of Small Group Discussion Method in Teaching Reading

(A Quasi-Expreimental Research in Second Grade Students of One Of Public


Junior High School)

Cecep Ahmad S.
English Education Department
Indonesia University of Education
cecepahmads@gmail.com
2013

ABSTRACT

This study, entitled “Effectiveness of Small Group Discussion Method in Teaching


Reading” aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the use small group discussion
method in improving students’ reading skill and students’ responses towards the
implementation of it. Small group discussion is a group discussion which consists of
six or fewer students. The study employed a quasi experimental design. The study
involved the eighth grade Junior High School students as the participants, which
were divided into two groups; experimental group and control group. The data of the
study were obtained through pre-test, post-test and questionnaire. The data from pre-
test and post-test were analyzed by using independent t-test from the SPSS 17.0 for
windows. Then, data obtained from questionnaire were classified and analyzed in
order to find out students’ responses towards the use of small group discussion
method in teaching reading. The quantitative finding of the study reveals that
significance value is lower than 0.05, (p = 0.000 < 0.05), which indicates that small
group discussion method effectively improved students’ reading skill. In addition,
data obtained from questionnaire shows that most students agreed that small group
discussion can improve their motivation in learning reading, increase their
participation in the class, and build up their responsibility to finish the tasks given by
teacher. Meanwhile, students stated also that most of them prefer to use their mother
language (L1) than English to interact each other. Some of them argued that they
prefer work individually in accomplishing the tasks. Furthermore, it is highly
recommended for some researchers or teacher to put more attention to their students
during discussion.

Cecep Ahmad S, 2013


THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION METHOD IN TEACHING READING
Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia | repository.upi.edu | perpustakaan.upi.edu
ABSTRAK

Penelitian yang berjudul “Keefektipan Metode Small Group Discussion di


Dalam Pengajaran Membaca” ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis atau mencaritau
keefektifan dari penggunaan Metode Small Group Discussion dalam pembelajaran
reading dan juga mencari tahu bagaimana respon dari siswa terhadap penggunaan
Metode Small Group Discussion dalam pembelajaran Reading terkait dengan aspek
pengetahuan siswa tentang bahasa Inggris dan aspek psikologis siswa dam belajar.
Partisipan dari penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas delapan SMP negeri 19 kota
Bandung yang dikelompokan kedalam dua kelompok, yang pertama adalah kelas 8A
sebagai kelas control dan kelas 8D sebagai kelas eksperimental (percobaan). Hasil
dari penelitin menunjukan bahwa Metode Small Group Discussion efektif digunakan
untuk pembelajaran Reading. Hal trsebut ditunjukan oleh rata-rata nilai siswa di
kelas experimental (=79.45, SE=1.69, p<0.05) yang dengan signifikan lebih tinggi
dari rata-rata nilai siswa di keas control (M=73.21, SE=1.96). Selain itu, hasil
penelitian juga menunjukan bahwa respon yang diberikan oleh siswa terhadap
penggunaan Metode Small Group Discussion dalam pembelajaran reading sangat
baik. Terkait dengan aspek pengetahuan bahasa Inggris, sebagian besar siswa
bependapat bahwa Metode Small Group Discussion dapat membantu mereka
meningkatkan motivasi dalam pelajaran Reading, meingkatkan partisipasi dikelas,
dan membuat siswa lebih menjadi bertanggung jawab dalam mengerjakan tugas.

Cecep Ahmad S, 2013


THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION METHOD IN TEACHING READING
Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia | repository.upi.edu | perpustakaan.upi.edu