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Indicator 1960 1961

Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) - -


Agricultural land (% of land area) - 2.58
Agricultural machinery, tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land - 51.37
Agricultural methane emissions (% of total) - -
Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions (% of total) - -
Agriculture value added per worker (constant 2000 US$) - -
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) - -
Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide - -
Alternative and nuclear energy (% of total energy use) - -
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) - -
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) - -
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) - -
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters) - -
Arable land (% of land area) - 2.51
Arable land (hectares per person) - 0.09
Average number of times firms spent in meetings with tax officials - -
Bank capital to assets ratio (%) - -
Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans (%) - -
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 45.98 45.39
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) - -
CO2 emissions (kt) 16040.99 17074.24
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.58 0.6
Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) - -
Central government debt, total (% of GDP) - -
Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - 2905.7
Children out of school, primary, female - -
Children out of school, primary, male - -
Claims on governments, etc. (annual growth as % of M2) - 7.55
Claims on private sector (annual growth as % of M2) - 1.34
Combustible renewables and waste (% of total energy) - -
Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units) - -
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) - -
Credit depth of information index (0=low to 6=high) - -
Crop production index (1999-2001 = 100) - 26
Current account balance (BoP, current US$) - -
Daily newspapers (per 1,000 people) - -
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 19.66 19.24
Deposit interest rate (%) - -
Documents to export (number) - -
Documents to import (number) - -
Domestic credit provided by banking sector (% of GDP) 43.4 47.16
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 21.65 22.56
Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations) - -
Economically active children, female (% of female children ages 7-14) - -
Economically active children, male (% of male children ages 7-14) - -
Economically active children, total (% of children ages 7-14) - -
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) - -
Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment) - -
Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment) - -
Employees, industry, female (% of female employment) - -
Employees, industry, male (% of male employment) - -
Employees, services, female (% of female employment) - -
Employees, services, male (% of male employment) - -
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) - -
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%) - -
Energy imports, net (% of energy use) - -
Energy production (kt of oil equivalent) - -
Energy related methane emissions (% of total) - -
Energy related nitrous oxide emissions (% of total) - -
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) - -
Energy use (kt of oil equivalent) - -
Expense (% of GDP) - -
Export value index (2000 = 100) - -
Export volume index (2000 = 100) - -
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 19.52 17.21
External debt stocks (% of GNI) - -
External debt stocks, private nonguaranteed (PNG) (DOD, current US$) - -
External debt stocks, public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) (DOD, current US$) - -
External debt stocks, short-term (DOD, current US$) - -
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) - -
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 6.65 6.62
Fertilizer consumption (kilograms per hectare of arable land) - 969.5
Firms using banks to finance investment (% of firms) - -
Fish species, threatened - -
Fixed broadband Internet subscribers (per 100 people) - -
Food production index (1999-2001 = 100) - 22
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$) - -
Forest area (% of land area) - -
Forest area (sq. km) - -
Fossil fuel energy consumption (% of total) - -
GDP (current US$) ### ###
GDP growth (annual %) - 4.4
GDP per capita (current US$) 149.08 151.91
GDP per person employed (constant 1990 PPP $) - -
GDP per unit of energy use (constant 2005 PPP $ per kg of oil equivalent) - -
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum) - -
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) - -
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) - -
GNI, Atlas method (current US$) - -
GNI, PPP (current international $) - -
Grants, excluding technical cooperation (current US$) - -
Gross capital formation (% of GDP) 13.3 15.17
Gross intake rate in grade 1, female (% of relevant age group) - -
Gross intake rate in grade 1, male (% of relevant age group) - -
Gross savings (% of GDP) - -
Health expenditure per capita (current US$) - -
Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure) - -
Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) - -
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) - -
High-technology exports (current US$) - -
Highest marginal tax rate, corporate rate (%) - -
Highest marginal tax rate, individual (on income exceeding, US$) - -
Highest marginal tax rate, individual rate (%) - -
Households with television (%) - -
IBRD loans and IDA credits (DOD, current US$) - -
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) - -
ICT goods imports (% total goods imports) - -
ICT service exports (% of service exports, BoP) - -
ISO certification ownership (% of firms) - -
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - -
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) - -
Import value index (2000 = 100) - -
Import volume index (2000 = 100) - -
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 20.09 20.69
Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access) - -
Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access) - -
Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access) - -
Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access) - -
Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people) - -
Income share held by fourth 20% - -
Income share held by highest 10% - -
Income share held by highest 20% - -
Income share held by lowest 10% - -
Income share held by lowest 20% - -
Income share held by second 20% - -
Income share held by third 20% - -
Industry, value added (% of GDP) - -
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) - 0.17
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) - 0.69
Informal payments to public officials (% of firms) - -
Information and communication technology expenditure (% of GDP) - -
Interest rate spread (lending rate minus deposit rate, %) - -
International Internet bandwidth (bits per person) - -
International migrant stock, total 212376 -
International voice traffic (minutes per person) - -
Internet users - -
Internet users (per 100 people) - -
Investment in energy with private participation (current US$) - -
Investment in telecoms with private participation (current US$) - -
Investment in transport with private participation (current US$) - -
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$) - -
Labor force, total - -
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) - -
Labor participation rate, male (a% of male population ages 15+) - -
Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+) - -
Land area (sq. km) - 995450
Land under cereal production (hectares) - 1723824
Lead time to export, median case (days) - -
Lead time to import, median case (days) - -
Lending interest rate (%) - -
Life expectancy at birth, female (years) 46.83 47.26
Life expectancy at birth, male (years) 45.08 45.48
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 45.93 46.35
Listed domestic companies, total - -
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) - -
Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24) - -
Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24) - -
Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24) - -
Livestock production index (1999-2001 = 100) - 18
Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high) - -
Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5) - -
Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of children under 5) - -
Mammal species, threatened - -
Marine protected areas (% of total surface area) - -
Marine protected areas (number) - -
Market capitalization of listed companies (% of GDP) - -
Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$) - -
Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) - -
Merchandise trade (% of GDP) 29.81 27.35
Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) - -
Military expenditure (% of GDP) - -
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) - -
Mobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers 220503 -
Mobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers (per 100 people) 0.79 -
Mobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers per employee - -
Mobile cellular prepaid tariff (US$ per month) - -
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 0 -
Money and quasi money growth (annual %) - 11.63
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 203.57 -
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 303.6 -
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 4.3 2.72
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 6.42 4.13
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) - -
Net flows on external debt, long-term (NFL, current US$) - -
Net flows on external debt, total (NFL, current US$) - -
Net migration -50100 -
Net official development assistance and official aid (current US$) ### ###
Net official development assistance received (current US$) ### ###
New businesses registered (number) - -
Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - -
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day per worker) - -
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day) - -
Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
- -
Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) - -
PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter) - -
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) - -
Patent applications, nonresidents - -
Patent applications, residents - -
Permanent cropland (% of land area) - 0.07
Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort) - -
Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort) - -
Personal computers (per 100 people) - -
Plant species (higher), threatened - -
Population ages 0-14 (% of total) 43.87 43.99
Population ages 15-64 (% of total) 52.89 52.76
Population ages 65 and above (% of total) 3.24 3.25
Population covered by mobile cellular network (%) - -
Population growth (annual %) 2.62 2.6
Population in the largest city (% of urban population) 34.93 -
Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) 18.65 -
Population, female (% of total) 50.02 50
Population, total 27798152 28529482
Portfolio investment, equity (BoP, current US$) - -
Poverty gap at $1.25 a day (PPP) (%) - -
Poverty gap at $2 a day (PPP) (%) - -

Poverty gap at national poverty line (%) - -


Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day (PPP) (% of population) - -
Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population) - -
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) - -
Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line (% of rural population) - -
Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line (% of urban population) - -
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) - -
Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group) - -
Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group) - -
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) - -
Private credit bureau coverage (% of adults) - -
Progression to secondary school, female (%) - -
Progression to secondary school, male (%) - -
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%) - -
Public credit registry coverage (% of adults) - -
Public spending on education, total (% of GDP) - -
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) - -
Pump price for diesel fuel (US$ per liter) - -
Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter) - -
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary - -
Rail lines (total route-km) - -
Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education - -
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment - -
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment - -
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%) - -
Real interest rate (%) - -
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum - -
Refugee population by country or territory of origin - -
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) - -
Renewable internal freshwater resources, total (billion cubic meters) - -
Repeaters, primary, female (% of female enrollment) - -
Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment) - -
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) - -
Researchers in R&D (per million people) - -
Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP) - -
Rigidity of employment index (0=less rigid to 100=more rigid) - -
Risk premium on lending (prime rate minus treasury bill rate, %) - -
Road sector fuel consumption (% of total consumption) - -
Roads, paved (% of total roads) - -
Royalty and license fees, payments (BoP, current US$) - -
Royalty and license fees, receipts (BoP, current US$) - -
Rural population ### ###
Rural population (% of total population) 62.1 61.54
S&P Global Equity Indices (annual % change) - -
School enrollment, preprimary (% gross) - -
School enrollment, primary (% gross) - -
School enrollment, primary (% net) - -
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) - -
School enrollment, secondary (% net) - -
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) - -
Scientific and technical journal articles - -
Secure Internet servers (per 1 million people) - -
Services, etc., value added (% of GDP) - -
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector (% of total nonagricultural employment)
- -
Start-up procedures to register a business (number) - -
Stocks traded, total value (% of GDP) - -
Stocks traded, turnover ratio (%) - -
Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 10=strong) - -
Tax payments (number) - -
Tax revenue (% of GDP) - -
Technical cooperation grants (current US$) - -
Technicians in R&D (per million people) - -
Teenage mothers (% of women ages 15-19 who have had children or are currently pregnant)- -
Telecommunications revenue (% GDP) - -
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total surface area) - -
Terrestrial protected areas (number) - -
Time required to start a business (days) - -
Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) - -
Time to resolve insolvency (years) - -
Total businesses registered (number) - -
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) - -
Total reserves (includes gold, current US$) ### ###
Total tax rate (% of profit) - -
Trade in services (% of GDP) - -
Trademark applications, direct nonresident 893 575
Trademark applications, direct resident 801 527
Trained teachers in primary education (% of total teachers) - -
Transport sector diesel fuel consumption per capita (liters) - -
Transport sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita (liters) - -
Unemployment, female (% of female labor force) - -
Unemployment, male (% of male labor force) - -
Unemployment, total (% of total labor force) - -
Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24) - -
Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24) - -
Unmet need for contraception (% of married women ages 15-49) - -
Urban population ### ###
Urban population (% of total) 37.9 38.46
Use of IMF credit (DOD, current US$) - -
Value lost due to electrical outages (% of sales) - -
Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment) - -
Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment) - -
Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment) - -
Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions) - -
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received (current US$) - -
1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
- - - - - - - - - -
2.52 2.5 2.52 2.68 2.79 2.81 2.81 2.85 2.86 2.87
54.25 55.95 57.8 56.16 55.91 57.16 57.95 62.25 63.49 64.23
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 28.6 27.94 28.56 29.44 29.85 29.43 29.17
- - - - - - - - 14500 12800
- - - - - - - - - 5.58
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
2.44 2.42 2.43 2.59 2.7 2.71 2.7 2.74 2.74 2.75
0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
44.78 44.18 43.61 43.05 42.51 41.96 41.41 40.87 40.38 39.99
- - - - - - - - - -
18580.14 21536.99 25501.44 27619.23 26545.68 19661.02 22885.34 19679.34 21668.9 23028.24
0.63 0.72 0.83 0.87 0.82 0.59 0.67 0.57 0.61 0.63
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
3259.5 3312.8 3330.1 3775.6 3565.4 3557.2 3627 3716.6 3911.8 3911.4
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
8.68 20.9 13.41 8.39 13.03 9.52 3.42 2.84 10.4 12.51
5.32 4.5 1.74 1.05 -0.59 -1.01 3.93 3.99 -0.4 2.28
- - - - - - - - - 8.39
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
33 34 35 35 35 34 37 40 40 41
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18.82 18.4 17.98 17.56 17.15 16.75 16.35 15.96 15.58 15.21
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51.37 54.14 53.44 50.26 51.46 54.09 55.29 53.26 53.09 55.98
23.63 22.37 20.63 18.29 17.4 16.81 18.09 18.1 16.85 17.63
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - 198.44
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -110.45
- - - - - - - - - 16356
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 213.73
- - - - - - - - - 7772
- - - - - - - - - -
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17.16 18.66 18.52 17.54 16.95 14.65 13.19 14.21 14.18 13.79
- - - - - - - - 23.65 25.01
- - - - - - - - 0 0
- - - - - - - - ### ###
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6.58 6.53 6.48 6.41 6.33 6.23 6.13 6.03 5.93 5.84
982.17 1144.29 1257.93 1307.58 1072.93 1042.13 1194.91 1276.58 1368.41 1361.61
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25 26 26 26 28 27 30 32 32 33
- - - - - - - - 680000 2310000
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 86.04
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
6.86 9.06 8.14 9.23 1.06 0.63 2.72 6.81 5.6 3.44
136.76 138.55 155.28 161.9 164.99 168.22 179.82 197.3 215.95 227.31
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
150 150 150 160 160 160 170 180 200 220
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### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
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16.3 18.01 17.93 17.69 16.81 14.42 12.63 12.96 13.95 13.23
- - - - - - - - - 64.07
- - - - - - - - - 91.37
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - 22000000 16671000
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
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23.03 25.21 23.07 21.35 19.9 17.76 17 17.51 18.75 18.89
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - 26.9 26.95 26.68 27.1 27.75 28.18 28.19
0.4 2.43 6.28 3.05 4.61 1.35 0.89 1.47 2.2 2.45
-3 0.75 3.66 14.84 9.04 0.7 -1.68 3.41 3.76 3.14
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- - - 208115 - - - - 203514 -
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995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450
1975708 1944683 1907398 1625595 1817474 1894358 2054000 1920028 1911633 1927747
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47.69 48.12 48.57 49.02 49.47 49.93 50.4 50.87 51.37 51.89
45.9 46.33 46.77 47.22 47.68 48.14 48.6 49.07 49.55 50.04
46.77 47.2 47.64 48.09 48.55 49.01 49.48 49.95 50.43 50.94
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18 18 18 18 19 19 23 24 24 25
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28.57 34.56 31.21 30.1 31.39 24.34 21.08 20.15 20.15 20.68
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - - - - - - - 290500 -
- - - - - - - - 0.82 -
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- - - 0 - - - - 0 -
6.65 19.29 16.2 6.43 1.54 5.95 3.06 5.74 5.41 3.02
- - - 179.09 - - - - 157.9 -
- - - 267.9 - - - - 236.3 -
4.71 4.99 4.95 2.42 1.41 0.59 0.42 0.15 2.24 1.54
6.42 6.9 7.64 3.89 2.31 1 0.76 0.28 4.81 3.47
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- - - -50100 - - - - -239700 -
### ### ### ### 74760000 33000000 25700000 9900000 ### ###
### ### ### ### 74760000 33000000 25700000 9900000 ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
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- - 70 74 60 53 86 65 57 66
0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.1 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.12
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43.97 43.86 43.72 43.59 43.5 43.42 43.34 43.24 43.1 42.93
52.76 52.87 53 53.11 53.2 53.27 53.34 53.43 53.55 53.71
3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.3 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.35 3.36
- - - - - - - - - -
2.57 2.55 2.52 2.49 2.47 2.45 2.41 2.34 2.27 2.19
- - - 36.87 - - - - 37.2 -
- - - 20.56 - - - - 21.28 -
49.97 49.95 49.93 49.92 49.91 49.91 49.91 49.91 49.9 49.9
29272957 30028110 30794864 31572753 32363311 33165372 33972811 34777558 35574953 36363930
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 38.66
- - - - - - - - - 66.3
- - - - - - - - - 52.88
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 4.74
- - - - - - - - - 15.81
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 37.98
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 64.95
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 5.74
- - - - - - - - - 3.73
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 13.47
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
60.98 60.42 59.86 59.3 59 58.7 58.4 58.1 57.8 57.54
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 67.87
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 28.49
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 44.5 45.1 44.76 43.46 42.41 42.4 42.65
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 13760000 15980000
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
518 - 422 411 439 522 391 558 426 414
399 - 279 363 302 325 397 492 438 372
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 0.01
- - - - - - - - - 0.02
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
39.02 39.58 40.14 40.7 41 41.3 41.6 41.9 42.2 42.46
- - - - - - - - 49300000 75818000
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981
- - - - - - - - - -
2.87 2.87 2.86 2.84 2.74 2.65 2.55 2.46 2.46 2.48
67.89 73.58 77.17 79.9 84.75 89.91 118.16 148.39 157.48 167.49
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 1380.86 1366.12
31.08 30.67 30.5 29.03 28.29 27.05 25.34 20.91 18.26 20.09
15700 14800 17000 15100 16900 18600 18700 21300 25700 27600
5.17 5.53 5.86 5.95 6.03 6.23 6.21 5.76 5.56 4.97
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
2.74 2.74 2.72 2.7 2.61 2.51 2.41 2.31 2.3 2.32
0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
39.71 39.55 39.52 39.56 39.65 39.73 39.76 39.71 39.61 39.49
- - - - - - - - - -
25490.45 23775.7 26102.34 31074.38 34467.25 37834.46 39281.74 42912.77 45202.77 50940.59
0.69 0.63 0.67 0.78 0.85 0.91 0.93 0.99 1.02 1.12
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
3951.3 4080 3840.4 3978 3941.1 3923.7 4019.2 3964.2 4094.4 4100.4
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
10.41 15.23 17.63 47.28 13.19 10.76 63.19 26.26 14.69 2.69
0.75 -1.18 11.48 14.69 10.94 12.74 6.17 11.63 -3.24 19.95
7.69 8.51 7.37 6.83 6.16 6.09 5.64 5.55 5.24 4.55
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 24.2 -
- - - - - - - - - -
41 42 42 42 44 43 44 48 49 48
- - - - - ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
14.84 14.48 14.13 13.77 13.42 13.06 12.7 12.33 11.96 11.59
- - - - 3 4.67 5.88 7 8.33 10
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
56.55 55.15 60.59 74.02 65.66 62.44 82.81 79.81 86.01 103.81
16.68 14.8 17.09 19.52 19.1 20.64 20.42 20.77 15.16 27.44
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
194.89 191.92 211.87 233.84 266.79 300.5 314.27 338.39 372.34 407.35
- - - - - - - - 9.5 10.1
- - - - - - - - 44.9 42.8
- - - - - - - - 12.7 12.8
- - - - - - - - 20.6 22.7
- - - - - - - - 68.9 68.1
- - - - - - - - 33.2 33.3
- - - - - - - - 42.4 40.3
- - - - - - - - - -
-40.6 -22.84 1.55 -35.12 -60.93 -85.36 -114.43 -104.3 -120.82 -104.7
12068 9836 8831 13253 18369 23115 27698 29012 33479 36157
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
231.04 211.03 231.45 247.68 281.98 301.27 305.01 327.51 341.21 387.64
8583 8007 8970 9808 11414 12470 12917 14201 15161 17663
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 64.96 68.94
- - - - - - - - 60.71 56.98
13.35 13.98 20.51 20.18 22.27 22.48 21.75 29.73 30.51 33.37
22.45 20.98 24.84 43.2 48.83 82.57 90.63 87.27 89.18 101.55
0 0 0 0 22000000 57000000 75000000 ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
5.76 5.71 5.67 5.65 5.65 5.65 5.64 5.63 5.61 5.59
1536.5 1485.42 1583.3 1862.47 1914.52 2173.86 2426.56 2622.4 2902.45 3068.53
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
33 34 35 36 37 36 37 39 39 40
30000 700000 130000 8000000 - ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
87.15 85.96 86.77 87.2 87.81 87.67 88.15 88.69 89.2 90.48
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
2.03 0.71 2.49 8.94 14.63 12.84 5.78 6.04 10.01 3.76
235.91 253.46 232.62 288.84 330.07 353.6 350.65 418.58 515.66 513.67
- - - - - - - - 7627 7545
- - - - - - - - 7.13 6.35
- - - - - - - - - -
230 230 240 260 300 350 350 360 420 460
- - - - - - - - 1090 1190
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
12.34 13.15 22.47 33.37 28.39 29.17 31.66 32.85 27.51 29.51
- - - 61.01 - - - - 58.98 -
- - - 87.4 - - - - 80.43 -
- - - - - 24.94 26.2 21.04 20.98 16.5
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
12157000 30070000 35853000 97802000 ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 57 57
- - - - - - - - 41 41
- - - - - - - - 34.69 62.69
- - - - - - - - 69.38 113.97
19.13 19.16 37.24 41.28 34 33.2 37.02 48.34 42.87 48.8
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
26.77 24.6 25.07 26.9 26.2 27.22 28.63 35.84 36.78 37.73
2.51 11.5 11.23 10.39 12.47 9.93 10.98 22.32 18.03 1.19
2.1 5.11 10.02 9.67 10.32 12.73 11.08 9.9 20.82 10.32
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - 5 4.17 4.29 5 5 5
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 196071 - - - - 188889 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - ### ###
- - - - - - - - 29.1 29
- - - - - - - - 75.9 77.3
- - - - - - - - 51.5 51.5
995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450
1894562 1880046 2000390 2043762 2077889 1899889 2043952 2034056 1978165 2009210
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - 8 8.83 10.17 12 13.33 15
52.44 53.04 53.67 54.33 55.02 55.71 56.41 57.11 57.8 58.49
50.55 51.09 51.65 52.24 52.85 53.47 54.1 54.74 55.38 56.03
51.47 52.04 52.64 53.26 53.9 54.56 55.23 55.9 56.56 57.23
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - 38.2 - - - - -
- - - - 38.12 - - - - -
- - - - 63.04 - - - - -
- - - - 51.03 - - - - -
26 26 27 27 28 28 29 29 29 31
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
19.67 21.17 42.9 46.65 39.89 44.57 57 31.28 34.51 51.58
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 345000 353000 362000 374000 392000 - 430000
- - - 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.88 0.9 - 0.94
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15.75 22.38 30.22 21.47 25.98 34.03 27.03 31.33 51.42 30.9
- - - 139.83 - - - - 120.11 -
- - - 208.5 - - - - 176.3 -
1.47 7.96 14.01 19.72 15.47 16.49 16.69 8.5 6.44 5.95
3.44 19.92 32.15 55.76 49.74 56.63 55.92 33.47 31.09 28.38
- - - - - - - - 214 220
### ### 77522000 ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - -626796 - - - - -848440 -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
64 57 54 61 48 58 77 61 76 59
0.13 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.16
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
42.73 42.54 42.38 42.26 42.2 42.18 42.19 42.2 42.19 42.14
53.89 54.06 54.21 54.31 54.36 54.36 54.34 54.32 54.32 54.35
3.38 3.4 3.41 3.43 3.44 3.46 3.47 3.48 3.5 3.51
- - - - - - - - - -
2.14 2.11 2.12 2.15 2.19 2.23 2.29 2.36 2.44 2.52
- - - 37.44 - - - - 37.67 -
- - - 21.95 - - - - 22.21 -
49.89 49.88 49.87 49.87 49.88 49.89 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.88
37149781 37942375 38755208 39599405 40477575 41391267 42349104 43360828 44433037 45565314
- - - - - 0 0 0 0 0
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 45.94 - - - - 38.76 -
- - - 74.85 - - - - 58.51 -
- - - 60.93 - - - - 48.98 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 5.01 - - - - 4.25 -
- - 18.41 - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 40.01 - - - - 32.24 -
- - - - - - - - 4437 4437
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 65.89 - - - - 69.46 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - -3.97 -0.99 -0.73 -8.44 -3.98 13.65
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 7.07 - - - - 6.68 -
- - - 7.07 - - - - 6.81 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
14.24 14.16 14.77 12.1 12.43 13.32 13.46 13 14 13.58
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
57.28 57.02 56.76 56.5 56.42 56.34 56.26 56.18 56.1 56.1
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 71.71 - - - - 68.63 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 36.76 - - - - 50.4 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 1060
- - - - - - - - - -
42.15 44.73 44.44 44.07 45.52 45.73 46.03 43.25 44.96 42.18
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
16980000 14850000 20590000 27410000 42690000 73410000 ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - 0.48 0.45 0.52 0.45 - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - 10.97 10.73 7.86 13.41 17.02
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - 20.83 21.43 19.62 20.67 21.47
434 404 581 597 849 936 900 988 996 1038
487 339 437 450 501 383 491 542 550 617
- - - - - - - - - -
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03
- - - - - - - - 19.2 18.8
- - - - - - - - 3.9 4.1
- - - - - - - - 5.2 5.4
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
42.72 42.98 43.24 43.5 43.58 43.66 43.74 43.82 43.9 43.9
26491000 75000000 ### 79865000 ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - ### ### ### ### ###
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
- - - - - - - - - -
2.48 2.49 2.5 2.51 2.58 2.56 2.59 2.58 2.66 2.66
181.78 195.84 209.96 224.97 224.33 228.54 229.44 239.55 249.56 260.26
- - - - - - - - 39.01 -
- - - - - - - - 88.63 -
1380.89 1375.3 1414.15 1463.44 1496.08 1523.82 1581.74 1633.65 1737.16 1847.04
19.57 19.64 20.05 19.99 20.79 20.49 18.96 19.67 19.37 17.57
28100 29700 29900 31500 29800 30900 33800 35200 19800 25700
4.66 3.94 3.49 2.9 3.02 2.65 2.68 2.79 2.68 2.63
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
2.32 2.32 2.32 2.32 2.33 2.3 2.32 2.31 2.29 2.28
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
39.38 39.28 39.15 38.89 38.4 37.59 36.47 35.07 33.5 31.89
- - - - - - 34.6 - - 36.5
56476.9 57044.82 63786.58 63885.5 74503.78 74749.26 74470.8 72122.18 75885.1 78651.42
1.21 1.19 1.29 1.26 1.43 1.4 1.35 1.28 1.31 1.33
- - - - - - - - -1.95 2.47
- - - - - - - - - -
4203.7 4321 4347.4 4539.1 4696.1 4891.5 5028.8 5337.6 5702.9 5612.9
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
21.1 5.91 10.5 8.95 7.93 10.73 12.75 16.05 15.23 2.6
9.63 7.46 6.46 7.18 8.94 5.37 5.46 5.68 6.28 0.44
4.38 3.88 3.65 3.67 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.29 3.32 3.46
- - - - - - - - - -
- - 30.3 - - - 37.8 - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
50 51 50 54 58 61 59 60 66 67
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
11.22 10.86 10.5 10.14 9.78 9.42 9.06 8.71 8.36 8.02
11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11.67 12 12
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
107.23 111.37 114.5 116.97 119.99 105.04 105.41 105.69 106.56 99.6
29.95 33.34 34.29 36.04 40.04 34.64 33.91 31.87 30.58 27.2
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
446.18 490.12 507.56 483.41 573.68 602.72 616.83 638.4 658.46 674.89
9.2 41.3 46.6 - - - - 63.2 52 38.9
41.6 40.9 39.3 - - - - 34.6 34.9 29.4
13.4 14.3 10.8 - - - - 9.1 10.2 16.8
22.6 22.7 22.1 - - - - 25.1 23.9 26.9
71.6 41.2 37.4 - - - - 27.8 37.5 44.2
34.7 35.1 35.9 - - - - 40.2 40.9 43.7
39.1 41 40.6 - - - - 42.4 39 31.3
- - - - - - - - - 42.6
-94.3 -90.38 -97.67 -99.12 -81.1 -89.24 -79.17 -74.31 -72.41 -71.49
37580 40809 46962 51208 47872 53278 51692 53591 54869 55532
- - - - - - - - 33.38 -
- - - - - - - - 8.19 -
413.67 446.56 481.88 507.69 507.74 526.09 524.74 544.98 550.75 548.12
19341 21435 23758 25717 26434 28154 28851 30745 31825 32382
- - - - - - - - 24.03 27.62
66.54 68.55 66.96 79.21 62.58 92.8 121.69 144.26 105.71 79.02
55.45 61.21 66.3 80.83 78.22 136.47 169.02 197.62 127.36 83.18
27.03 25.48 22.35 19.91 15.73 12.56 17.32 17.89 20.05 27.82
114.76 115.06 112.61 114.99 124.33 110.34 132.4 116.66 78.51 89.12
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
5.57 5.54 5.51 5.45 5.35 5.21 5.02 4.8 4.56 4.32
3430.37 3410.31 3445.89 3746.2 4353.75 4410.4 4334.63 4095.02 4198.54 4249.67
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
42 43 44 46 50 53 52 53 64 66
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - 0.04 0.05
- - - - - - - - 440 455
90.96 92.19 92.86 93.44 93.28 93.76 93.71 93.92 94 93.91
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
9.91 7.4 6.09 6.6 2.65 2.52 5.3 4.97 5.7 1.08
547.38 586.19 621.53 684.82 689.18 756.93 637.39 702.8 746.4 625.79
7945 8107 8487 8654 8511 8376 8392 8327 8684 9143
6.37 6.17 5.91 5.82 5.81 5.59 5.75 5.66 5.78 5.74
- - - - - - - - - -
510 540 570 590 600 700 700 700 700 680
1360 1480 1590 1650 1660 1880 2010 2120 2240 2330
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
30.08 28.73 27.48 26.68 23.71 26.08 34.92 31.77 28.81 21.17
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
17.9 27.12 23.62 17.64 12.89 25.93 29.16 26.56 31.08 30.87
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
57 57 69 84 80 81 87 90 87 76
41 41 47 74 78 76 85 86 86 89
64.8 73.34 76.85 79.26 82.1 115.82 166.3 134 119.79 57.48
108 130.97 144.99 152.42 167.55 199.68 221.73 174.03 146.09 75.63
41.93 36.43 35.81 32.04 25.59 22.77 35.16 32.35 32.71 35.8
- - - - - - - - 50 -
- - - - - - - - 68 -
- - - - - - - - 92 -
- - - - - - - - 97 -
- - - - - - - - 36.58 35.97
- - - - - - - - - 21.8
- - - - - - - - - 26.33
- - - - - - - - - 40.84
- - - - - - - - - 3.73
- - - - - - - - - 8.61
- - - - - - - - - 12.42
- - - - - - - - - 16.33
32.45 29.99 29.28 28.56 26.81 27.08 28.84 27.98 28.67 33.24
9.17 8.29 11.16 9.04 12.78 31.14 13.65 18.54 18.44 14.48
14.82 16.08 17.04 12.11 23.86 19.69 17.66 21.26 16.76 19.75
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
4 4 4 4 4 5.33 6 6.67 7 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 182920 - - - - 175574 -
- - - - - 3.32 3.44 3.83 4.47 5.05
- - - - - - - - 0 -
- - - - - - - - 0 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
28.5 28.1 27.9 27.5 27.5 27.5 27.2 27 26.8 26.4
78.5 79.6 78.7 78 77.3 76.7 75.9 75.1 73.8 72.7
51.1 50.8 50.7 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.4
995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450
2027218 2013325 1944845 1886100 1864080 1930870 1941599 2085271 2283426 2470059
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
15 15 15 15 15 16.33 17 18.33 19 -
59.18 59.88 60.57 61.25 61.91 62.54 63.14 63.71 64.27 64.83
56.69 57.34 57.99 58.64 59.27 59.87 60.46 61.03 61.59 62.14
57.9 58.58 59.25 59.91 60.56 61.17 61.77 62.34 62.89 63.45
- - - - - - 483 510 573 627
- - - - 44.42 - - - - -
- - - - 54 - - - - -
- - - - 71.38 - - - - -
- - - - 63.33 - - - - -
33 34 36 37 38 38 39 39 62 66
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - 36.6 - - -
- - - - - - 11.6 - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - 5.02 4.31 4.08 7.17
- - - - - - ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
47.66 47.94 45.38 42.72 40.23 50.79 82.76 51.26 36.84 31.8
- - - - - - - - 23250 -
- - - - - - 6.91 5.81 4.7 4.64
- - - - - - - - 19.57 16.79
477407 583377 640610 892512 1076450 1120627 1203644 1397895 1606067 1821030
1.02 1.22 1.3 1.76 2.07 2.09 2.19 2.48 2.78 3.08
9.34 10.48 10.69 - 18.68 21.05 22.29 25.19 29.42 33.46
- - - - - - - - - -
0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
31.15 22.63 18.85 18.3 20.95 20.96 21.55 17.5 28.73 19.34
- - - 87.36 - - - - 65.53 -
- - - 123.8 - - - - 89.5 -
6.08 5.55 6.19 5.6 5.21 4.31 4.3 3.93 12.91 13.68
30.97 30.34 35.86 34.73 32.07 32.2 27.22 27.28 93.9 84.78
200 200 190.57 188.46 163.27 117.24 96 94.81 101.22 125
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - -419999 - - - - -574140 -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 16980 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 2250 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 223.37 224.61
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
53 88 128 168 142 170 190 186 278 308
0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.37 0.38
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
42.06 41.99 41.96 42 42.11 42.26 42.39 42.42 42.3 42.02
54.41 54.47 54.48 54.42 54.29 54.12 53.97 53.91 53.99 54.22
3.53 3.54 3.56 3.58 3.59 3.62 3.64 3.67 3.71 3.76
- - - - - - - - - -
2.58 2.63 2.68 2.71 2.74 2.75 2.7 2.57 2.4 2.21
- - - 37.45 - - - - 36.05 -
- - - 22.02 - - - - 20.98 -
49.85 49.82 49.8 49.77 49.75 49.73 49.71 49.7 49.69 49.67
46754652 48000737 49302282 50654901 52062572 53516025 54981488 56414737 57784848 59078208
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- - - - - - - - - 0.6
- - - - - - - - - 5.98

- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 4.46
- - - - - - - - - 27.64
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - 52.8 - - 52.1
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 4 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 5.62 - - - - 5.23 -
9.38 9.71 - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 0.07
- - - - - - - - - 0.29
- - - - - - - - 24.01 23.9
4437 4437 4437 5763 5870 - - - 4751 4751
- - - - - - - - - 53.79
- - - 77.45 - - - - 84.05 83
- - - - - - - - - 78.86
- - - - - - - - - 81.12
5.34 6.19 3.45 5.47 1.97 -11.29 2.94 -0.17 0.47 -
- - - - - - - - 1991 2245
- - - - - - - - 48 97
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 22.97 29.72
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
13.52 13.68 14.05 14.1 13.85 14.72 15.51 15.4 15.9 16.24
- - - - - - - - 72 72
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
56.1 56.1 56.1 56.1 56.18 56.26 56.34 56.42 56.5 56.64
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 5.74
- - - 76.25 - - - - 90.85 88.36
- - - - - - - - - 80.85
- - - 57.04 - - - - 69.87 69.39
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 15.32
- - - 926 1070 1037 1130 1278 1254 1429
- - - - - - - - - -
47.99 50.37 50.67 51.46 52.4 52.43 52.2 52.35 51.96 49.18
- - - - - - - - 20.5 18.7
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - 0.17 0.23 0.29 0.38
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 13.19 14.9
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - 9.8 - - -
0.6 0.74 0.77 - 0.83 1.04 1.1 1.17 1.24 1.26
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
17.75 19.02 21.35 26.83 30.36 15.3 21.59 25.87 20.44 16.44
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
21.6 20.97 19.86 17.91 17.75 15.72 21.37 18.88 22.63 27.45
1149 902 1141 - - - - - - -
624 600 581 - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
20.5 10.6 11.4 - - - - 10.7 17.9 21.3
4.1 5.7 4.8 - - - - 5.4 5.2 5.9
5.7 6.6 6 - - - - 6.9 8.6 9.6
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
43.9 43.9 43.9 43.9 43.82 43.74 43.66 43.58 43.5 43.36
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
- - - - - - 52.85 51.88 50.91 49.94
2.91 3.26 3.26 3.3 3.3 3.32 3.32 3.5 3.31 3.35
242.16 274.32 277.04 316.22 312.06 303.46 303.46 287.24 307.94 322.28
- - - 40.1 - - - - 40.29 -
- - - 83.32 - - - - 84.26 -
1894.77 1910.84 1960.93 2022.45 2095.54 2180.31 2273.14 2273.46 2358.67 2458.47
16.54 16.71 16.87 16.78 17.26 16.95 17.11 17.32 16.74 16.56
34100 31300 38000 39000 41300 41600 39500 44300 47418 41373
2.51 2.55 2.84 2.78 2.65 2.66 2.52 2.75 2.63 2.84
- 86.03 - - - 80 - - 80 -
- 5.63 - - - 0 - - 0 -
- 8.35 - - - 0 - - 0 -
- 55.1 - - - - - - 68.3 -
2.53 2.86 2.86 2.83 2.83 2.85 2.85 3.01 2.81 2.87
0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - 5.6 -
- - - - - - - - 13.6 16.9
30.4 29.13 28.15 27.47 27.04 26.77 26.55 26.37 26.18 25.99
40.7 - - 46.3 - 56.4 55.2 - 60.9 -
81197.9 93080.26 85242.96 95645.06 101947.14 108128.3 122165.09 125092.62 141214.22 125722.83
1.35 1.51 1.36 1.5 1.57 1.63 1.81 1.82 2.01 1.76
-1.17 4.23 3 3.44 -1.4 -1.63 - - - -
- - - - - - - 37.39 - -
5898.4 5995.4 5861 5903.7 6499 6605.4 6797.4 7166.5 7280 7099.3
- - - - - - - 652154 566085 536513
- - - - - - - 411495 363173 371145
2.55 -3.09 2.42 0.59 -0.22 2.76 4.91 0.62 7.74 2.82
6.26 5.02 8.97 12.12 10.46 12.05 14.14 11.82 7.15 7.8
3.43 3.31 3.73 3.37 3.24 3.19 3.02 2.8 2.89 2.86
- - - - - - - - 1625601 1708990
47.1 - - 47.9 - 54.5 51.7 - 56.1 -
- - - - - - - - - -
73 76 73 80 89 90 89 97 102 100
### ### 31000000 ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - 32.8 35.75 31.28 - -
7.7 7.4 7.13 6.89 6.68 6.5 6.35 6.23 6.13 6.06
12 12 11.83 10.92 10.54 9.84 9.36 9.22 9.46 9.46
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
82.98 79.92 80.61 80.63 82.03 82.14 90.59 95.83 96.4 102.43
26.19 27.86 32.15 37.04 41.48 44.89 52.68 58.72 58.68 62.1
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
679.3 695.72 708.75 727.56 785.24 824.11 867.32 923.47 958.28 1009.13
52.4 46.5 47 42.5 - 40.5 35.3 31.9 39.4 31.9
34.5 32.5 32.2 32 - 29.1 28.5 28 27.4 27.8
10.4 8.1 7.4 9.2 - 8.1 9.1 11.1 6.9 10.1
24.6 25.1 25.1 24.9 - 25.6 25.2 25.2 24.6 23.8
37.2 45.4 45.6 48.3 - 51.4 55.6 56.9 53.7 58
40.9 42.4 42.7 43.1 - 44.9 46.2 46.8 48 48.4
38.4 35.3 35.2 34 31.2 31.3 29.8 28.7 29.6 28.5
42.5 42 42.1 41.7 42.4 42.2 41.8 43 42.1 41.3
-70.4 -68.97 -78.02 -69.42 -56.62 -48.57 -37.19 -29.36 -24.96 -22.68
56560 59781 59200 59808 58665 57688 57200 59319 56446 57004
- - - 33.61 - - - - 33.67 -
- - - 14.17 - - - - 13 -
550.42 575.39 530.67 552.82 575.61 585.53 617.02 665.95 643.73 649.68
33193 35380 33254 35302 37458 38828 41694 45857 45173 46464
34.94 31.48 31 28.13 26.95 24.23 - - - -
65.32 48.02 74.12 73.57 75.48 83.61 66.76 75.91 100 88.29
65.32 48.02 77.21 73.57 75.48 79.63 67.43 81.62 100 94.79
28.4 25.84 22.57 22.55 20.75 18.84 16.21 15.05 16.2 17.48
75.06 66.27 63.31 55.76 46.5 37.92 37.63 33.6 28.77 28.4
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
4.09 3.9 3.75 3.63 3.55 3.49 3.44 3.38 3.32 3.25
3483.29 3470.8 2962.88 - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 0
70 73 73 80 88 91 92 97 102 99
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
470 485 500 515 530 545 560 575 590 606
94.06 94.14 93.43 93.84 94.11 94.16 94.46 94.45 94.5 94.33
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
4.43 2.9 3.97 4.64 4.99 5.49 4.04 6.11 5.37 3.54
694.06 757.52 828.2 942.08 1039.25 1182.83 1255.36 1317.32 1422.73 1365.13
9046 9104 9061 9433 9734 10167 10784 10732 11079 11309
5.85 5.65 6.25 6.16 6.1 6.2 6.01 5.8 6.2 6.24
- - - - - - - - - -
690 710 790 890 990 1100 1170 1290 1390 1400
2440 2520 2620 2770 2920 3090 3200 3390 3570 3710
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
19.48 19.85 20.63 20.15 18.13 17.56 21.5 21.62 19.55 18.26
- - - - - - - 83.91 89.62 93.34
- - - - - - - 87.1 92.98 95.7
34.18 30.45 22.42 21.5 18.31 17.77 19.09 19.67 18.12 18.35
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - 0.34 0.43 0.49 0.21 0.17 0.24 0.29 0.89
- - 4647630 5974046 5449246 3244471 2330347 3122506 5203926 12111541
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 2.51 2.28 1.98 2.78 2.57 3.36 2.81
- - - - - - - - - -
79 81 83 88 90 88 91 94 98 99
89 89 89 89 92 92 98 96 98 97
59.42 58.63 72.94 83.94 93.07 94.3 115.39 114.37 100 91.31
74.28 72.39 91.18 97.61 103.41 96.22 114.25 119.13 100 93.12
30.91 30.09 28.06 27.7 26.2 24.9 25.71 23.31 22.82 22.33
- - - 55 - - - - 61 -
- - - 73 - - - - 79 -
- - - 94 - - - - 95 -
- - - 98 - - - - 99 -
36.22 34.88 34.43 33.62 32.59 30.55 29.13 28.13 27.36 26.44
- - - - 21.17 - - - 20.65 -
- - - - 26.04 - - - 28.34 -
- - - - 39.91 - - - 42.1 -
- - - - 4.18 - - - 3.88 -
- - - - 9.51 - - - 8.95 -
- - - - 13.01 - - - 12.47 -
- - - - 16.4 - - - 15.83 -
33.34 33.07 32.76 32.3 31.62 31.22 30.86 30.92 33.13 33.33
19.73 8.43 8.45 11.4 7.11 9.88 3.89 0.87 4.93 1.87
13.64 12.09 8.15 15.74 7.19 4.63 3.87 3.08 2.68 2.27
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
8.33 6.3 4.68 5.55 5.04 3.96 3.65 3.75 3.76 3.83
- - - - - - - 0.38 0.44 4.68
- - - 174301 - - - - 169149 -
5.5 7.35 7.81 7.45 8.14 8.6 8.92 9.89 11.51 14.55
- 600 4000 20000 40000 60000 100000 200000 450000 600000
- 0 0.01 0.03 0.06 0.09 0.15 0.29 0.64 0.84
- - - - - - ### ### - ###
- - - - - - ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - ### - ### ###
0 - - - - - - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
26 25.7 25.3 25 24.7 24.5 24.2 24 23.8 23.6
72.9 73.6 73.4 73.5 72.7 72 71.3 72.7 71.7 70.1
50.3 50.1 49.9 49.7 49.5 49.3 49.2 49.1 48.9 48.7
995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450
2477121 2495425 2561268 2726636 2545317 2735816 2642833 2707099 2761724 2614460
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
20.33 18.3 16.51 16.47 15.58 13.79 13.02 12.97 13.22 13.29
65.41 66.02 66.64 67.27 67.89 68.47 69.01 69.49 69.91 70.27
62.7 63.26 63.83 64.39 64.93 65.43 65.88 66.29 66.64 66.94
64.02 64.6 65.2 65.79 66.37 66.91 67.41 67.85 68.23 68.56
656 674 700 746 649 654 861 1033 1076 1110
- - - - 55.59 - - - - -
- - - - 66.93 - - - - -
- - - - 78.99 - - - - -
- - - - 73.22 - - - - -
68 71 73 76 85 95 97 98 101 100
- - - - - - - - - -
- 31.3 - - 34.9 - - - 24.6 -
- 8.2 - - 10.8 - - - 4.3 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
7.79 8.18 8.21 13.44 20.96 26.56 28.74 36.2 28.79 24.93
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
27.21 24.3 26.39 25.28 24.51 21.84 22.75 21.59 19.89 18.64
- - - 27280 - - - - 30530 -
4.45 4.38 4.17 3.89 3.49 3.2 3.28 3.21 3.19 3.31
12.75 13.92 13.46 13.85 12.97 13.2 - - - -
2032593 2241592 2463532 2723581 3032316 3518085 4062304 5167335 6843501 9488694
3.37 3.65 3.93 4.27 4.66 5.31 6.01 7.5 9.75 13.27
38.57 42.38 47.03 52.09 58.6 67.68 73 93.06 124.6 173.12
- - - - - - - - - -
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.1 0.13 0.7 1.94 3.91
19.43 13.25 11.21 9.9 10.84 10.77 10.78 5.66 11.58 13.22
- - - 49.83 - - - - 37.55 -
- - - 64.9 - - - - 46.6 -
8.65 5.15 5.22 3.35 3.23 2.51 2.28 1.72 1.32 1.28
59.57 38.75 42.73 31.48 33.65 29.92 28.9 22.94 18.91 17.65
125 123.46 120 116.28 111.11 107.14 98.02 96.88 100 94.99
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### 92086000 ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - -497980 - - - - -536405 -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 22660 - - - - 25160 -
- - - - - 0.19 - - - -
- - - - - 206539.4 - - - -
- - - 1380 - - - - 1820 -
- - - - - - - - - -
217.11 210.51 184.01 175.04 172.74 161.64 162.38 152.82 132.11 125.56
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
301 328 308 408 504 - 494 536 534 464
0.38 0.4 0.4 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.48
- - - - - - - 99.48 99.25 99.08
- - - - - - - 98.81 98.78 98.7
- - 0.31 0.39 0.54 0.68 0.89 1.09 1.14 1.4
- - - - - - - - - -
41.6 41.08 40.51 39.93 39.37 38.8 38.21 37.58 36.89 36.14
54.58 55.04 55.54 56.06 56.57 57.08 57.61 58.2 58.84 59.54
3.82 3.88 3.95 4.01 4.07 4.12 4.17 4.22 4.27 4.32
- - - - - - - - - -
2.06 1.94 1.89 1.89 1.89 1.88 1.88 1.89 1.89 1.9
- - - 35.51 - - - - 34.76 -
- - - 20.33 - - - - 19.8 -
49.66 49.66 49.65 49.64 49.64 49.64 49.64 49.64 49.64 49.65
60305111 61488554 62663811 63857698 65075676 66312818 67573331 68859787 70173793 71518343
0 0 0 0 0 ### ### ### ### 39200000
- - - - 0.5 - - - 0.5 -
- - - - 4.96 - - - 3.5 -

- - - - - - - - 2.97 -
- - - - 2.46 - - - 2 -
- - - - 26.31 - - - 19.37 -
- - - - 22.9 - - - 16.7 -
- - - - 23.3 - - - - -
- - - - 22.5 - - - 29.9 -
52.9 - - 39.1 - 52 - - 52.9 -
- - - - - - - 85.66 84.43 82.63
- - - - - - - 92.97 90.85 87.95
- - - - - - - 89.4 87.71 85.35
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - 87.79 88.23 90
- - - - - - - 80.23 80.39 83.3
- - - - - 2 2 2 2 -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 4.6 - - - - - -
9.65 - - 13.79 - - - - - -
0.09 0.09 - 0.12 - - 0.12 - 0.1 -
0.3 0.3 - 0.29 - - 0.29 - 0.26 -
- - - 24.31 - - - 23.37 22.98 22.26
4110 4570 4114 4810 4907 4976 5018 5026 5024 5125
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - 86.36 - - - 91.63 92.48 93.45
- - - - - - - 91.46 92.63 93.48
- - - - - - - 91.53 92.54 93.44
0.5 9.1 7.44 4.55 7.91 3.56 8.78 11.99 7.89 11.21
5509 6712 7223 5407 6035 6493 6276 6553 6840 7230
209 258 502 872 1202 1722 2612 3491 3953 4678
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - 4.65 4.16 3.93
- - - - - - - 7.14 6.68 6.39
- - - - 0.21 0.2 0.2 0.19 0.19 -
- - - - - - - - - -
32.65 34.83 36.91 34.77 28.66 26.01 - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - 4.99 4.22 3.97 4.12 6.09
16.32 15.9 18.11 18.15 18.19 16.64 17.86 17.49 18.07 17.57
73 72 75 78 78.1 78.1 78.1 78.1 78.1 -
- - ### 97000000 40000000 ### ### ### ### ###
- - 40000000 47000000 55000000 54000000 56000000 46500000 59000000 46300000
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
56.78 56.92 57.06 57.2 57.24 57.28 57.32 57.36 57.4 57.4
- - - - - - -30.86 24.2 -45.65 -45.53
- - - - - - - 9.86 11.05 12.2
- - - 99.65 - - - 92.64 93.09 93.62
- - - - - - - 85.39 85.97 87.05
- - - 76.13 - - - 74.33 75.78 77.44
- - - - - - - - - 71.03
- - - - - - - 35.18 - -
1288 1279 1380 1388 1292 1266 1275 1293 1433 1463
- - - - - - - - - 0.15
50.12 50.21 50.37 50.92 51.12 51.83 52.02 51.77 50.13 50.11
17.8 18.8 18.9 18.9 - 18.9 20 20.9 19 20.7
- - - - - - - - - -
0.47 0.36 1.46 1.13 3.64 7.47 5.93 9.96 11.14 3.99
- - - 10.9 22.18 53.26 22.28 31.61 34.74 14.2
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
18.48 18.76 19.05 17.62 17.46 15.96 - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
9.9 - - 10.2 - - - - 8.5 -
1.07 1.08 1.03 1.06 1.14 1.11 1.62 2.21 2.78 2.89
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
14.56 12.09 13 13.18 12.21 10.2 10.57 10.74 8.49 9.7
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
- - - - - - - - - -
30.06 28.47 26.43 22.38 21.23 20.59 17.25 17.58 17.34 16.47
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - 99.88
0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.07
0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
17 22.3 22.8 24.1 20.4 19.8 19.9 19.4 22.7 22.2
6.4 7.5 7.4 7.6 6.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.8
9 10.9 11 11.3 9 8.4 8.2 8.1 9 9.4
- - - - - - 42.8 36.7 - 51.1
- - - - - - 15.8 13.8 - 19.2
19.8 - - 16 - - - - 10.7 -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
43.22 43.08 42.94 42.8 42.76 42.72 42.68 42.64 42.6 42.6
### ### ### ### 15674000 0 0 0 0 0
- - - - - - - - - -
- 46.4 46.4 41.5 - 39.9 33.6 29.7 38.3 28.8
- 23.7 21.9 22.3 - 21.8 22.1 21.3 19.4 18.8
- 28.3 26.8 26 23.3 25.2 24.2 22.9 22.9 20.6
- - - - - 13.88 - - - -
- - - - - 8.21 - - - -
- - - - - 19.95 - - - -
- - - - - 5.77 - - - -
- - - - - 16.44 - - - -
- - - - - 3.99 - - - -
- - - - - 31.11 - - - -
- - - - - 0.64 - - - -
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 description
48.96 47.53 45.64 43.75 41.86 39.97 38.37 - - Adolescent fertility rate i
3.44 3.42 3.49 3.54 3.55 3.55 - - - Agricultural land refers to
317.92 325.13 324.67 326.51 332.95 339.91 - - - Agricultural machinery re
- - - 44.17 - - - - - Agricultural methane em
- - - 85.62 - - - - - Agricultural nitrous oxide
2487.69 2534.51 2603.71 2675.91 2759.62 2839.2 2930.85 - - Agriculture value added
16.46 16.34 15.18 14.86 14.07 14.07 13.22 - - Agriculture corresponds
41858 42152 42189 44730 47444 51440 57510 - - Registered carrier depar
2.18 2.11 2.03 1.86 1.83 2.09 - - - Clean energy is noncarb
- - - - - 86.38 - - - Annual freshwater withd
- - - - - 7.76 - - - Annual freshwater withd
- - - - - 5.86 - - - Annual freshwater withd
- - - - - - - - - Annual freshwater withd
2.95 2.92 2.98 3.02 3.03 3.03 - - - Arable land includes lan
0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 - - - Arable land (hectares pe
- - 6.18 - - 3.24 3.43 - - Average number of time
- 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.3 - - Bank capital to assets is
20.2 24.2 23.6 26.5 18.2 19.3 14.8 - - Bank nonperforming loa
25.81 25.65 25.49 25.32 25.13 24.93 24.7 - - Crude birth rate indicate
- 69.4 - 74.2 - - 78.9 - - Births attended by skilled
139990.45 139902.51 153287.1 173354.83 166679.02 - - - - Carbon dioxide emission
1.92 1.88 2.02 2.25 2.12 - - - - Carbon dioxide emission
-6.75 -5.82 -5.61 -6.45 -7.17 -4.56 -6.38 - - Cash surplus or deficit is
- - - - - - - - - Debt is the entire stock o
7445.6 7515.4 7556.1 7569.2 7541 7562.2 7506.4 - - Cereal yield, measured a
474734 419622 346251 459195 511040 323950 - - - Children out of school ar
340430 306630 271030 243203 356822 137457 - - - Children out of school ar
11.21 9.3 7 -1.56 6.84 2.18 4.58 - - Claims on governments
3.4 5.39 9.23 2.83 5.54 5.74 6.18 - - Claims on private sector
2.63 2.52 2.51 2.35 2.28 2.2 - - - Combustible renewables
1336040 1579530 2959895 4031114 5372832 5194676 6114629 - - Port container traffic me
- 60 - 59.2 - - 60.3 - - Contraceptive prevalenc
- - 2 2 2 4 5 6 - Credit depth of informati
104 106 112 115 121 114 - - - Crop production index sh
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Current account balance
- - - - - - - - - Daily newspapers refer t
6 5.96 5.93 5.91 5.89 5.87 5.85 - - Crude death rate indicat
9.33 8.23 7.73 7.23 6.02 6.1 6.58 - - Deposit interest rate is th
- - - 8 8 6 6 6 - All documents required p
- - - 8 7 6 6 6 - All documents required p
109.56 112.42 111.62 104.65 99.26 89.51 77.95 - - Domestic credit provided
61.94 61.15 60.4 57.37 55.28 50.64 42.94 - - Domestic credit to privat
- - - - - - 116 106 - Ease of doing business
- - - 4.3 - - - - - Economically active child
- - - 11.5 - - - - - Economically active child
- - - 7.9 - - - - - Economically active child
1058.1 1123.95 1165.97 1235.29 1303.72 1384.15 - - - Electric power consumpt
27.6 39 46.5 46.5 43.3 - - - - Employees are people w
27.5 27.7 28.1 27.1 28.3 - - - - Employees are people w
10.4 6.2 5.9 5 6 - - - - Employees are people w
22.9 22.9 23.5 25.4 25.8 - - - - Employees are people w
61.9 54.7 47.5 48.4 50.6 - - - - Employees are people w
49.6 49.3 48.4 47.2 45.6 - - - - Employees are people w
27.5 29.9 31.8 30.9 31.2 - - - - Employees are people w
41.5 41.5 41.4 41.3 41.6 42.8 43.2 - - Employment to populatio
-18.16 -17.77 -15.67 -26.41 -24.93 -22.34 - - - Net energy imports are e
60882 64427 64657 76904 79730 82270 - - - Energy production refers
- - - 31.16 - - - - - Industrial methane emis
- - - 11.47 - - - - - Industrial nitrous oxide e
706.86 736.29 738.26 788.52 811.96 839.94 - - - Energy use refers to use
51526 54704 55900 60838 63822 67246 - - - Energy use refers to use
27.25 27.33 26.89 27.39 32.76 29.34 30.42 - - Expense is cash paymen
100.25 131.83 164.34 227.86 292.93 346.54 561.43 - - Export values are the cu
109.39 125.02 130.63 141.16 152.44 168.89 212.52 - - Export volume indexes a
18.32 21.8 28.23 30.34 29.95 30.25 33.15 - - Exports of goods and se
32.08 35.2 39.54 33.14 27.17 24.94 19.86 - - Total external debt stock
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Private nonguaranteed e
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Public and publicly guara
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Short-term external debt
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Total external debt is de
3.19 3.13 3.07 3.01 2.96 2.91 2.86 - - Total fertility rate represe
4325.33 6277.51 6512.04 7323.37 4519.48 5272.17 - - - Fertilizer consumption (1
- - 10.5 - - 9.45 5.57 - - Firms using banks to fina
- - - - - - 24 - - Fish species are based o
0.07 0.07 0.1 0.18 0.33 0.6 0.94 - - Fixed broadband subscr
104 111 114 116 121 115 - - - Food production index c
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Foreign direct investmen
0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 - - - Forest area is land unde
622 638 654 670 686 702 - - - Forest area is land unde
95.32 95.52 95.57 95.89 95.94 95.78 - - - Fossil fuel comprises co
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - GDP at purchaser's price
2.37 3.21 4.08 4.48 6.85 7.07 7.16 - - Annual percentage grow
1205.18 1116.12 1041.3 1162.42 1367.45 1629.68 1990.53 - - GDP per capita is gross
11310 11293 11459 11658 12145 12680 13248 - - GDP per person employ
5.76 5.6 5.71 5.48 5.58 5.67 - - - GDP per unit of energy u
- - - 3.24 - - 2.91 - - GEF benefits index for b
1330 1250 1200 1200 1290 1500 1800 - - GNI per capita (formerly
3790 3890 4070 4310 4700 5090 5470 - - GNI per capita based on
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - GNI (formerly GNP) is th
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - PPP GNI (formerly PPP
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Grants are defined as le
18.26 16.89 16.94 17.98 18.73 20.85 22.46 - - Gross capital formation (
96.07 95.45 95.96 96.86 95.48 96.02 - - - Gross intake rate in grad
97.67 96.7 95.94 99.83 98.6 98.32 - - - Gross intake rate in grad
19.46 18.74 21.26 21.88 22.97 23.55 23.71 - - Gross savings are calcu
- 60.59 62.37 72.88 86.44 101.39 - - - Total health expenditure
- 39.07 37.44 37.56 40.96 38.06 - - - Public health expenditur
- 6.31 6.03 6.04 6.3 6.26 - - - Total health expenditure
0.76 0.54 0.64 0.37 0.54 0.16 0.97 - - High-technology exports
12595829 10235263 15457733 9350203 15387371 4882908 85094096 - - High-technology exports
- - - - 20 20 20 20 - Highest marginal tax rate
- - - - - - 7188 7146 - Highest marginal tax rate
- 34 34 34 20 20 20 20 - Highest marginal tax rate
- - - 92.8 - 96.53 - - - Households with televisi
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - IBRD loans and IDA cre
- - - - - - 1.81 - - Information and commun
- - - - - - 4.41 - - Information and commun
2.66 3 3.09 2.64 3.39 4.24 7.34 - - Information and commun
- - 11.95 - - 19.98 21.09 - - ISO certification ownersh
97 98 97 98 98 98 97 - - Child immunization mea
97 98 97 98 98 97 92 - - Child immunization mea
89.49 77.91 91.9 141.92 148.41 193.82 349.31 - - Import value indexes are
90.56 72.48 76.91 108.49 105.78 123.77 190.9 - - Import volume indexes a
22.67 24.38 29.59 32.61 31.57 34.83 38.77 - - Imports of goods and se
- - - - 66 - - - - Access to improved san
- - - - 85 - - - - Access to improved san
- - - - 98 - - - - Access to an improved w
- - - - 99 - - - - Access to an improved w
25.51 24.48 23.36 22.45 21.74 21.02 20.35 - - Incidence of tuberculosis
- - - 20.89 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 27.62 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 41.46 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 3.85 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 8.96 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 12.64 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
- - - 16.05 - - - - - Percentage share of inco
34.82 35.67 36.87 36.31 38.43 36.34 37.53 - - Industry corresponds to
3.19 6.76 11.68 6.21 7.36 12.61 11.84 - - Inflation as measured by
2.74 4.51 11.27 4.87 7.64 9.32 18.32 - - Inflation as measured by
- - 21.2 - - 7.34 98.31 - - Informal payments to pu
- 3.96 4.69 5.32 5.36 5.23 5.7 - - Information and commun
4.46 5.31 5.65 5.92 6.58 6.41 5.74 - - Interest rate spread is th
8.85 12.45 11.54 32.27 119.25 186.25 332.12 - - International Internet ban
- - - 246745 - - - - - International migrant sto
17.9 18.46 22.26 28.41 20.23 14.68 26.91 - - International voice traffic
1982717 3000000 3900000 9026950 9866762 11819053 13572995 - - Internet users are people
2.72 4.04 5.15 11.7 12.55 14.76 16.65 - - Internet users are people
- - - - - ### - - - Investment in energy pro
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Investment in telecom pr
- - 97000000 86200000 - ### ### - - Investment in transport p
- - - - - - - - - Investment in water and
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Total labor force compris
23.4 23.2 23 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 - - Labor force participation
70.2 70 69.9 69.8 69.7 70.3 70.5 - - Labor force participation
48.5 48.3 48.2 48 48.1 47.8 47.8 - - Labor force participation
995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 995450 - - Land area is a country's
2712234 2751930 2755787 3038120 2980100 2850100 3038860 - - Land under cereal produ
- - - - - - - 1.26 - Lead time to export is th
- - - - - - - 3.11 - Lead time to import is th
13.79 13.53 13.38 13.14 12.6 12.51 12.33 - - Lending interest rate is t
70.58 70.85 71.1 71.32 71.54 71.75 71.96 - - Life expectancy at birth i
67.2 67.43 67.65 67.84 68.04 68.22 68.41 - - Life expectancy at birth i
68.85 69.1 69.33 69.54 69.74 69.94 70.14 - - Life expectancy at birth i
1148 967 792 744 603 435 373 306 - Listed domestic compan
- - - 71.41 66.37 - - - - Adult literacy rate is the
- - - 78.95 81.75 - - - - Youth literacy rate is the
- - - 90.08 87.86 - - - - Youth literacy rate is the
- - - 84.93 84.88 - - - - Youth literacy rate is the
104 120 117 116 117 117 - - - Livestock production ind
- - - - 2.37 - - 2.61 - Logistics Performance In
- 20.3 - 23.8 - - 30.7 - - Prevalence of child maln
- 8.7 - 5.4 - - 6.8 - - Prevalence of child maln
- - - - - - 17 - - Mammal species are ma
- - 7.66 - - - 9.91 - - Marine protected areas a
- - - - - - 8 - - Marine protected areas a
29.7 32.65 48.85 88.83 86.97 106.76 52.92 - - Market capitalization (als
### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### - Market capitalization (als
- - - 130 - - - - - Maternal mortality ratio i
20.85 24.55 32.48 39.43 40.96 43.17 45.52 - - Merchandise trade as a
- - - 32960 - - - - - Methane emissions are
3.36 3.34 3.03 2.85 2.74 2.5 2.3 - - Military expenditures dat
12.34 12.22 11.25 10.42 8.36 8.53 7.56 - - Military expenditures dat
12289463 14533183 17107208 24025750 28891156 41378848 53208512 - - Mobile and fixed-line sub
16.86 19.56 22.59 31.14 36.76 51.68 65.26 - - Mobile and fixed-line sub
231.41 273.65 312.41 457.35 540.03 665.67 856.02 - - Mobile and fixed-line sub
- - - - - - 4.72 - - Mobile cellular prepaid ta
6.17 7.8 10.09 17.67 22.9 37.55 50.62 - - Mobile cellular telephone
12.63 21.28 16.18 11.49 15 19.12 10.49 - - Average annual growth r
- - - 25.21 23.26 21.39 19.75 - - Infant mortality rate is th
- - - 30 27.5 25.1 23 - - Under-five mortality rate
1.4 1.18 1.91 1.11 0.81 0.84 0.82 - - Net official development
17.04 13.22 19.89 12.88 11.11 13.83 16.54 - - Net official development
92.74 98.1 105.3 123.39 136.96 131.02 144.37 - - Net barter terms of trade
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Net flows (or net lending
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Net flows on external de
- - - -291405 - - - - - Net migration is the net t
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Net official development
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Net official development
- - - 9595 - - - - - New businesses register
- - - 27810 - - - - - Nitrous oxide emissions
- - - - - - - - - Emissions per worker ar
- - - - - - - - - Emissions of organic wa
- - - 1820 - - - - - Other greenhouse gas e
- 95.01 94.93 94.92 94.86 95.07 - - - Out of pocket expenditur
128.85 129.57 132.18 126.9 119.21 - - - - Particulate matter conce
26 26 27 28.57 - - - - - Passenger cars refer to
- - 312 1008 - - - - - Patent applications are w
627 493 382 428 - 516 - - - Patent applications are w
0.49 0.51 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 - - - Permanent cropland is la
100 98.97 - 96.03 - - - - - Persistence to last grade
96.16 98.26 - 93.98 - - - - - Persistence to last grade
1.54 2.69 3.04 3.5 2.65 3.22 3.92 - - Personal computers are
2 - 2 - - 2 2 - - Higher plants are native
35.35 34.57 33.89 33.34 32.94 32.66 32.47 - - Population between the
60.29 61.02 61.66 62.18 62.56 62.83 63.01 - - Population ages 15 to 64
4.37 4.41 4.45 4.48 4.49 4.51 4.52 - - Population ages 65 and
- - - 92 92 93.5 95 - - Population covered by m
1.91 1.91 1.9 1.88 1.86 1.84 1.82 - - Annual population growt
- - - 33.86 - 34.79 - - - Population in largest city
- - - 19.31 - 20.05 - - - Population in urban aggl
49.66 49.67 49.68 49.68 49.69 49.7 49.7 - - Female population is the
72894015 74296319 75718360 77154409 78602081 80060540 81527172 - - Total population is based
### 36800000 26100000 ### ### ### ### - - Portfolio equity includes
- - - 0.5 - - - - - Poverty gap is the mean
- - - 3.45 - - - - - Poverty
the gap is the mean
nonpoor
as having
zero
shortfall)
as a
percentag
e of
the
poverty
line. This
measure
reflects
the depth
of poverty
as well as
its
incidence.
Source:
World
Bank,
Developm
ent
Research
Group.
Data are
based on
World
Bank's
country
poverty
assessme
nts and
country
Poverty
Reduction
- - - - - - - - - Strategies.
- - - 2 - - - - - Population below $1.25
- - - 18.46 - - - - - Population below $2 a d
- - - - - - - - - National poverty rate is t
- - - - - - - - - Rural poverty rate is the
- - - - 27.8 - - - - Urban poverty rate is the
- 69 - 69.6 - - 73.6 - - Pregnant women receivi
83.8 83.91 86.96 88.81 88.63 92.98 - - - Primary completion rate
85.11 87.53 90.08 96.49 91.67 97.35 - - - Primary completion rate
84.47 85.76 88.56 92.73 90.19 95.22 - - - Primary completion rate
- - 1 1.2 1.5 1.7 4.7 8.2 - Private credit bureau cov
86.28 89.42 - - - - - - - Progression to secondar
82.59 83.16 - - - - - - - Progression to secondar
2 2 2 2.9 2 2 1.8 1.8 - Women in parliaments a
- - 0 0 0 - 2.2 2.5 - Public credit registry cov
- 4.95 4.67 4.79 4 3.68 3.68 - - Public expenditure on ed
- 16.22 15.53 16.02 11.95 12.6 12.1 - - Public expenditure on ed
0.08 - 0.1 - 0.12 - 0.2 - - Fuel prices refer to the p
0.19 - 0.28 - 0.3 - 0.49 - - Fuel prices refer to the p
22.5 22.19 21.86 25.63 26 27.08 - - - Primary school pupil-tea
5150 - 5150 5150 5195 5195 5063 - - Rail lines are the length
- - - - - - - - - Ratio of female to male t
94.27 95.18 96.2 94.14 94.41 95.11 - - - Ratio of female to male p
92.85 93.71 94.12 - - - - - - Ratio of female to male s
93.52 94.4 95.11 - - - - - - Ratio of girls to boys in p
10.28 6.34 1.51 6.53 4.89 -0.09 0.44 - - Real interest rate is the l
80494 88749 90343 88946 88022 97556 97861 - - Refugees are people wh
6443 5734.95 5375.71 6291 7613.1 6799.2 6779.6 - - Refugees are people wh
24.69 - - - - 22.48 22.08 - - Renewable internal fresh
1.8 - - - - 1.8 - - - Renewable internal fresh
3.82 3.33 2.85 1.54 3.14 2.25 - - - Repeaters in primary sch
6.32 5.6 5.01 2.7 5.57 3.88 - - - Repeaters in primary sch
- - 0.27 0.25 0.26 0.23 - - - Expenditures for researc
- - - - - 616.57 - - - Researchers in R&D are
24.35 25.43 24.64 24.29 28.14 27.12 27.72 - - Revenue is cash receipt
- - - - - - 27 27 - The rigidity of employme
8.29 6.63 3.48 4.57 3.07 5.66 0.96 - - Risk premium on lending
16.41 16.06 16.5 14.89 15.45 16.47 - - - Road sector energy con
- - 81 - - - - - - Paved roads are those s
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Royalty and license fees
37600000 ### ### ### ### ### - - - Royalty and license fees
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Rural population refers t
57.4 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.36 57.32 57.28 - - Rural population refers t
-5.78 79.31 126.4 158.05 10.22 52.24 -55.85 35.55 - S&P Global Equity Indic
13.12 13.85 14.12 15.75 16.6 16.13 - - - Gross enrollment ratio is
94.59 95.26 95.86 96.26 98.41 99.67 - - - Gross enrollment ratio is
88.11 89.43 90.8 89.65 89.29 93.62 - - - Net enrollment ratio is th
77.63 78.55 79.31 - - - - - - Gross enrollment ratio is
71.24 - - - - - - - - Net enrollment ratio is th
- 26.64 29.89 31.24 - - - - - Gross enrollment ratio is
1564 1717 1661 1658 - - - - - Scientific and technical j
- 0.23 0.37 0.51 0.67 0.8 0.99 1.43 - Secure servers are serve
48.72 47.99 47.95 48.83 47.5 49.59 49.25 - - Services correspond to I
22.4 19.9 18.8 17.7 18.1 - - - - Share of women employ
- 13 13 10 10 7 6 6 - Start-up procedures are
2.91 3.95 7.11 28.31 44.16 40.68 42.91 - - Stocks traded refers to t
16.13 13.73 17.31 42.97 54.82 45.6 61.85 59.68 - Turnover ratio is the tota
- - 3 3 3 3 3 3 - Strength of legal rights in
- - - 42 41 36 29 29 - Tax payments by busine
13.41 13.35 13.84 14.07 15.83 15.35 15.37 - - Tax revenue refers to co
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Technical cooperation g
- - - - - 378.4 - - - Technicians in R&D and
- - - 9.4 - - - - - Teenage mothers are th
2.94 3.39 3.38 3.61 3.79 3.84 3.71 - - Telecommunications rev
- - - - - - 7.71 - - Terrestrial protected are
- - - - - - 26 - - Terrestrial protected are
- 37 37 22 19 9 7 7 - Time required to start a
- - - 504 596 711 711 480 - Time to prepare and pay
- 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 - Time to resolve insolven
- - - 367559 - - - - - Total businesses registe
10.1 11.22 6.58 6.15 5.58 4.95 4.71 - - Total debt service is the
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Total reserves comprise
- - - 54.3 46.4 45.1 44 43 - Total tax rate is the total
18.15 21.16 28.18 28.04 25.77 26.28 26.21 - - Trade in services is the s
- - - - - - - - - Trademark applications
- - - - - - - - - Trademark applications
- - - - - - - - - Trained teachers in prim
0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.08 - - - Diesel is heavy oils used
0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 - - - Gasoline is light hydroca
23.9 24.2 24.4 25.1 24 18.6 19.3 - - Unemployment refers to
6.3 6.5 6.8 7.1 6.8 6 5.9 - - Unemployment refers to
10.2 10.4 10.7 11.2 10.6 9 8.7 - - Unemployment refers to
40 - - 62.2 - - - - - Youth unemployment re
21.4 - - 23.3 - - - - - Youth unemployment re
- - - 10.3 - - - - - Unmet need for contrace
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Urban population refers
42.6 42.6 42.6 42.6 42.64 42.68 42.72 - - Urban population refers
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - - Use of IMF credit denote
- - 4.49 - - 4.02 3.39 - - Value lost due to electric
26.4 39.1 46 45.4 43.5 - - - - Vulnerable employment
21.5 20.8 21.2 20.5 20.4 - - - - Vulnerable employment
22.4 24.3 26.2 25.3 24.8 - - - - Vulnerable employment
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
- - - - - - - - - Industry shares of emiss
### ### ### ### ### ### ### - - Workers' remittances an
description
Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Populatio
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includ
Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the
Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site
Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste managem
Agriculture value added per worker is a measure of agricultural productivity. Value added in agriculture measures the output of the agricul
Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock produ
Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Source: Intern
Clean energy is noncarbohydrate energy that does not produce carbon dioxide when generated. It includes hydropower and nuclear, geo
Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also inc
Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also inc
Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also inc
Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also inc
Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meado
Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted on
Average number of times management met with tax officials is the average number of visits or required meetings with tax officials. Source
Bank capital to assets is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total assets. Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, r
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans are the value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (includin
Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the c
Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, ca
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxid
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxid
Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manua
Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes dome
Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwh
Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Source: United Nations
Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Source: United Nations
Claims on governments and other public entities (IFS line 32an + 32b + 32bx + 32c) usually comprise direct credit for specific purposes su
Claims on private sector (IFS line 32d) include gross credit from the financial system to individuals, enterprises, nonfinancial public entities
Combustible renewables and waste comprise solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste, measured as a
Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (T
Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contra
Credit depth of information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through publ
Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodde
Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. Data are in current U.S. dolla
Daily newspapers refer to those published at least four times a week and calculated as average circulation (or copies printed) per 1,000 p
Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the cru
Deposit interest rate is the rate paid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits. Source: International Monetary
All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and sig
All documents required per shipment to import goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and sig
Domestic credit provided by the banking sector includes all credit to various sectors on a gross basis, with the exception of credit to the ce
Domestic credit to private sector refers to financial resources provided to the private sector, such as through loans, purchases of nonequit
Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to 181, with first place being the best. A high ranking means that the regulatory env
Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Sourc
Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Sourc
Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Sourc
Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates
Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered th
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the cou
Energy production refers to forms of primary energy--petroleum (crude oil, natural gas liquids, and oil from nonconventional sources), natu
Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels. Source: Internat
Industrial nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced during the manufacturing of adipic acid and nitric acid. Source: International En
Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imp
Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imp
Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employ
Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the bas
Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the correspondin
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include th
Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods
Private nonguaranteed external debt comprises long-term external obligations of private debtors that are not guaranteed for repayment by
Public and publicly guaranteed debt comprises long-term external obligations of public debtors, including the national government, politica
Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Available data permit no distinction between p
Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public
Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertiliz
Firms using banks to finance investment are the percentage of firms using banks to finance investments. Source: World Bank, Enterprise
Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as
Fixed broadband subscribers are users of the Internet who subscribe to paid high-speed access to the public Internet. High-speed access
Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, alth
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock)
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stand
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stand
Fossil fuel comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products. Source: International Energy Agency.
GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus an
Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. d
GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers
GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted t
GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represente
GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divid
GNI per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GNI is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using
GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuati
PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An internati
Grants are defined as legally binding commitments that obligate a specific value of funds available for disbursement for which there is no
Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net
Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a perce
Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a perce
Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Source: World Bank national accounts d
Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health
Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings an
Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and cura
High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments,
High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments,
Highest marginal tax rate (corporate rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of corporat
Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individua
Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individua
Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a
IBRD loans and IDA credits are public and publicly guaranteed debt extended by the World Bank Group. The International Bank for Reco
Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment
Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment
Information and communication technology service exports include computer and communications services (telecommunications and pos
ISO certification ownership is the percentage of firms that have earned a quality certification recognized by the International Organization
Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time b
Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time b
Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for th
Import volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the import value indexes to the corresponding
Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include
Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilitie
Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilitie
Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water fr
Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water fr
Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Source: W
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percen
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Source
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percen
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Source
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percen
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percen
Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percen
Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manu
Inflation as measured by the annual growth rate of the GDP implicit deflator shows the rate of price change in the economy as a whole. Th
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquirin
Informal payments to public officials are the percentage of firms expected to make informal payments to public officials to "get things done
Information and communications technology expenditures include computer hardware (computers, storage devices, printers, and other pe
Interest rate spread is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers minus the interest rate paid by commercial or simila
International Internet bandwidth is the contracted capacity of international connections between countries for transmitting Internet traffic. S
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data
International voice traffic is the sum of international incoming and outgoing telephone traffic (in minutes). Source: International Telecommu
Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunicatio
Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunicatio
Investment in energy projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in energy (electricity and natural gas transmission an
Investment in telecom projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in telecommunications that have reached financial c
Investment in transport projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in transport that have reached financial closure and
Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reach
Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active
Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor
Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor
Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic
Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include whea
Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Lo
Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are
Lending interest rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financ
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth w
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth w
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth w
Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. T
Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement o
Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their
Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their
Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their
Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and
Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, q
Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard devia
Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations belo
Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as
Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cu
Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cu
Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies
Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies
Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated
Merchandise trade as a share of GDP is the sum of merchandise exports and imports divided by the value of GDP, all in current U.S. doll
Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Source: World
Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the arm
Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the arm
Mobile and fixed-line subscribers are total telephone subscribers (fixed-line plus mobile). Source: International Telecommunication Union,
Mobile and fixed-line subscribers are total telephone subscribers (fixed-line plus mobile). Source: International Telecommunication Union,
Mobile and fixed-line subscribers per employee are telephone subscribers (fixed-line plus mobile) divided by the total number of telecomm
Mobile cellular prepaid tariff is based on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's low-user definition, which includ
Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide acc
Average annual growth rate in money and quasi money. Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand d
Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Source: Inter-age
Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific
Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principa
Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments
Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, mea
Net flows (or net lending or net disbursements) received by the borrower during the year are disbursements minus principal repayments. L
Net flows on external debt are disbursements on long-term external debt and IMF purchases minus principal repayments on long-term ex
Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, in
Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principa
Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principa
New businesses registered are the number of new firms, defined as firms registered in the current year of reporting. Source: International
Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Source: Interna
Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants
Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in
Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Source: Inte
Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and supplie
Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetra
Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no m
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent offic
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent offic
Permanent cropland is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such
Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the las
Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the las
Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Source: International Telecommunication U
Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vu
Population between the ages 0 to 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64. Population is based on the de facto de
Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population. Sourc
Population covered by mobile cellular network is the percentage of people that live in areas served by a mobile cellular signal regardless o
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percenta
Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area. Source: United
Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in
Female population is the percentage of the population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population. Source
Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--exce
Portfolio equity includes net inflows from equity securities other than those recorded as direct investment and including shares, stocks, de
Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the
Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the

Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result o
Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of re
National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population
Rural poverty rate is the percentage of the rural population living below the national rural poverty line. Source: World Bank, Development
Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line. Source: World Bank, Developme
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personn
Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total numbe
Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total numbe
Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total numbe
Private credit bureau coverage reports the number of individuals or firms listed by a private credit bureau with current information on repa
Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percenta
Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percenta
Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber held by women. Source: United Nations, W
Public credit registry coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a public credit registry with current information on repa
Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educat
Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educat
Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of diesel fuel. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.
Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S.
Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (reg
Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks. Source: World Bank, Tran
Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools. Sour
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Source
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. S
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in pu
Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator. Source: International Monetary Fund,
Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol
Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol
Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in
Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in
Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all studen
Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all studen
Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken sy
Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or system
Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales
The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of wo
Risk premium on lending is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime private sector customers minus the "risk free" treasury bi
Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and com
Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cob
Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduce
Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduce
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between tot
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between tot
S&P Global Equity Indices measure the U.S. dollar price change in the stock markets covered by the S&P/IFCI and S&P/Frontier BMI cou
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to th
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to th
Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to th
Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to th
Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, b
Secure servers are servers using encryption technology in Internet transactions. Source: Netcraft (http://www.netcraft.com/) and World Ba
Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants),
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services
Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complet
Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. This indicator complements the market capitalization ratio by sh
Turnover ratio is the total value of shares traded during the period divided by the average market capitalization for the period. Average ma
Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once
Tax revenue refers to compulsory transfers to the central government for public purposes. Certain compulsory transfers such as fines, pe
Technical cooperation grants include free-standing technical cooperation grants, which are intended to finance the transfer of technical an
Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physic
Teenage mothers are the percentage of women ages 15-19 who already have children or are currently pregnant. Source: Demographic a
Telecommunications revenue is the revenue from the provision of telecommunications services such as fixed-line, mobile, and data. Sour
Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities. Source: United Nations Environmental Program and the
Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities. Source: United Nations Environmental Program and the
Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a pr
Time to prepare and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the
Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from the filing for insolvency in court until the resolution of distressed assets. Source: W
Total businesses registered. Because of underreporting of firms that have closed or exited, especially in developing countries, the data on
Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods, or services on long-term debt,
Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of fore
Total tax rate is the total amount of taxes payable by businesses (except for labor taxes) after accounting for deductions and exemptions
Trade in services is the sum of service exports and imports divided by the value of GDP, all in current U.S. dollars. Source: International M
Trademark applications filed are applications to register a trademark with a national or regional Intellectual Property (IP) office. A tradema
Trademark applications filed are applications to register a trademark with a national or regional Intellectual Property (IP) office. A tradema
Trained teachers in primary education are the percentage of primary school teachers who have received the minimum organized teacher
Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines. Source: International Road Federation, World Road Statistics
Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft. Source: International Road
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor for
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor for
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor for
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions
Unmet need for contraception is the percentage of fertile, married women of reproductive age who do not want to become pregnant and a
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank populatio
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank populatio
Use of IMF credit denotes members' drawings on the IMF other than those drawn against the country's reserve tranche position. Use of IM
Value lost due to electrical outages is the percentage of sales lost due to power outages. Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://
Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment. Source: International La
Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment. Source: International La
Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment. Source: International La
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions o
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by n
Division, World Population Prospects.
astures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary
griculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the F
urning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning. Source: International Energy Agency.
), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning. Source: International Energy Agency
es the output of the agricultural sector (ISIC divisions 1-5) less the value of intermediate inputs. Agriculture comprises value added from fore
crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It
he country. Source: International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.
ropower and nuclear, geothermal, and solar power, among others. Source: International Energy Agency.
sins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100
sins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100
sins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100
sins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100
d once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandone
pped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily
s with tax officials. Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).
s contributed by owners, retained earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjustments. Capital includes tier 1 cap
the loan portfolio (including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan-loss provisions). The loan amount recorded as nonp
midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of popula
necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own;
hey include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: Carbon Dioxide Information
hey include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: Carbon Dioxide Information
s. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is
ular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the
e, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harv
ol. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ol. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
dit for specific purposes such as financing of the government budget deficit or loans to state enterprises, advances against future credit aut
nonfinancial public entities not included under net domestic credit, and financial institutions not included elsewhere. Money and quasi mone
cipal waste, measured as a percentage of total energy use. Source: International Energy Agency.
ty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment tr
acticing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only. Source: Household surveys, including Demo
ion available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more cr
des all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underl
a are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.
opies printed) per 1,000 people. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics
idyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of populat
ce: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.
been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and co
been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and co
xception of credit to the central government, which is net. The banking sector includes monetary authorities and deposit money banks, as w
ns, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable, that establish a claim for repayment. For some coun
ans that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index ranks the simple average of the country's percentile rank
week of the survey. Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.
week of the survey. Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.
week of the survey. Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.
transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants. Source: International Energy Agency, Energy
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revi
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revi
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision
mmission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revi
re generally considered the working-age population. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market datab
alue indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, w
onventional sources), natural gas, solid fuels (coal, lignite, and other derived fuels), and combustible renewables and waste--and primary e
biofuels. Source: International Energy Agency.
d. Source: International Energy Agency.
enous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
enous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
s compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as ren
of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for w
dexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency un
the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as c
in foreign currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term
aranteed for repayment by a public entity. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
tional government, political subdivisions (or an agency of either), and autonomous public bodies, and external obligations of private debtors
it no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global D
al debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-te
of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. Source: (1) United Nations Population Div
unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional n
e: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).
s classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Source: Froese, R. and Paul
ternet. High-speed access is at least 256 kilobits per second in one or both directions. Source: International Telecommunication Union, Wo
re excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web sit
t or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestme
t, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban
t, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban

roduct taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation o
d on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and
by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is cal
hasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the sam
mestic product converted to 2005 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same pu
on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been norm
d Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (le
nternational dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar h
not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
er parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national inc
ment for which there is no repayment requirement. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); p
age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and C
age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and C
d Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
ers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated fo
s, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or com
vices (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include
als, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Source: United Nations, Comtrade database.
als, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: United Nations, Comtrade database.
axable income of corporations. Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Corporate Taxes: Worldwide Summaries, by permission of John Wiley an
axable income of individuals. This series presents the income levels for individuals above which the highest marginal tax rates levied at the
axable income of individuals. Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Individual Taxes: Worldwide Summaries, by permission of John Wiley and
mber of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported. Source: International Telecomm
ternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) lends at market rates. Credits from the International Development Association
ter and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded. Sou
ter and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded. Sou
ecommunications and postal and courier services) and information services (computer data and news-related service transactions). Source
nternational Organization for Standardization (ISO). Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).
12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough),
12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccin
ntage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies
dexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency un
of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such a
to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simp
to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simp
equate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, an
equate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, an
culosis cases. Source: World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.
eciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding. Source: World Bank, Development Research G
eciles or quintiles. Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from g
eciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding. Source: World Bank, Development Research G
eciles or quintiles. Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from g
eciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding. Source: World Bank, Development Research G
eciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding. Source: World Bank, Development Research G
eciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding. Source: World Bank, Development Research G
lue added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net
e economy as a whole. The GDP implicit deflator is the ratio of GDP in current local currency to GDP in constant local currency. Source: W
rage consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspey
officials to "get things done" with regard to customs, taxes, licenses, regulations, services, and the like. Source: World Bank, Enterprise Sur
ces, printers, and other peripherals); computer software (operating systems, programming tools, utilities, applications, and internal software
aid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Stati
nsmitting Internet traffic. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, an
cludes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuse
e: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note:
n, World Telecommunication Development Report and database. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-part
n, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommu
atural gas transmission and distribution) that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets and s
t have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets are excluded. The types of projects included are
ached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets are excluded. The types of projects included are operation
sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid w
of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It inc
l people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. Source: International Labour Organization, Ke
l people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. Source: International Labour Organization, Ke
l people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. Source: International Labour Organization, Ke
f, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes. Source: Food and Ag
area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate
ding. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipm
t the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 perce
Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.
ity at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population P
ity at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population P
ity at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth. Male and
s at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Sourc
a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institu
simple statement on their everyday life. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for S
simple statement on their everyday life. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for S
simple statement on their everyday life. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for S
oney, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
toms clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of lo
e than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years
o standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's ne
s classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Source: United Nations Envi
auna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed envi
auna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed envi
isted domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Liste
isted domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Liste
s. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence. Source: Maternal Mor
DP, all in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Trade Organization, and World Bank GDP estimates.
production. Source: World Resources Institute.
al expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defens
al expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defens
Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the
Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the
total number of telecommunications employees. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development
er definition, which includes the cost of monthly mobile use for 25 outgoing calls per month spread over the same mobile network, other mo
hnology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included. Source: Internat
outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of reside
en year. Source: Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UNPD, universities and research institution
ject to current age-specific mortality rates. Source: Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UNPD, u
of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilater
terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by
rt unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook
us principal repayments. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and th
payments on long-term external debt and IMF repurchases up to 1984. Beginning in 1985 this line includes the change in stock of short-term
al number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the Unite
of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilater
of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilater
ing. Source: International Finance Corporation's micro, small, and medium-size enterprises database (http://www.ifc.org/ifcext/sme.nsf/Con
agement. Source: International Energy Agency.
. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will co
t of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic
hexafluoride. Source: International Energy Agency.
h practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute
hat are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for
nd designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver). Source: International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data
with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers
with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers
d after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines
o eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method. Source: United Nations
o eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method. Source: United Nations
nal Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite
IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Source: United Nations Environmental Progra
o definition of population. Source: World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population
s based on the de facto definition of population. Source: World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the Unit
nition of population. Source: World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Divisi
cellular signal regardless of whether they use it. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development R
t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal sta
olitan area. Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
tion of population. Source: United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United N
status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the populat
cluding shares, stocks, depository receipts (American or global), and direct purchases of shares in local stock markets by foreign investors.
d as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Source: World Bank, Developmen
d as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Source: World Bank, Developmen

ational prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates r
nal prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates repo
es are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Da
World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction S
e: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reductio
by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy. Source: UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic
by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total
by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total
by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total
urrent information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult populat
a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year. Source: United Na
a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year. Source: United Na
Source: United Nations, Women's Indicators and Statistics database (www.ipu.org).
urrent information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult populat
nment spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (stude
nment spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (stude
m the local currency to U.S. dollars. Source: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ).
the local currency to U.S. dollars. Source: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ).
imary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment). Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Source: World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.
and private schools. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
nd private schools. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
blic and private schools. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
nd secondary levels in public and private schools. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Ins
ernational Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files using World Bank data on the GDP deflator.
ugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Afric
ugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Afric
oundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's populatio
oundwater from rainfall) in the country. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.
a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO
a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO
eative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowle
esses, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in
ome from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here. Source: International Monetary Fund, Governme
kers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and
s the "risk free" treasury bill interest rate at which short-term government securities are issued or traded in the market. In some countries thi
al gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste. Total energy consumption is the total country energy consumption. Source: Intern
with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length. Source: International Road Federation,
of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and f
of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and f
the difference between total population and urban population. Source: The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural populati
the difference between total population and urban population. Source: World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbaniz
and S&P/Frontier BMI country indices. Source: Standard & Poor's, Global Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data.
officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed prim
officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skil
on of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides child
officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the pr
on of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes
officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally req
following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth an
etcraft.com/) and World Bank population estimates.
g hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and re
ctor (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quar
d licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characte
t capitalization ratio by showing whether market size is matched by trading. Source: Standard & Poor's, Emerging Stock Markets Factbook
or the period. Average market capitalization is calculated as the average of the end-of-period values for the current period and the previous
borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better de
ax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusin
ransfers such as fines, penalties, and most social security contributions are excluded. Refunds and corrections of erroneously collected tax
he transfer of technical and managerial skills or of technology for the purpose of building up general national capacity without reference to
nce in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by
t. Source: Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.
e, mobile, and data. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and W
onmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute, based on data from natio
onmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute, based on data from natio
operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Source: Wo
major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security co
tressed assets. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
ping countries, the data on total registered firms may be biased upward. Source: International Finance Corporation's micro, small, and medi
rvices on long-term debt, interest paid on short-term debt, and repayments (repurchases and charges) to the IMF. Exports of goods and se
e IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-
ductions and exemptions as a percentage of profit. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
rs. Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estima
erty (IP) office. A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific perso
erty (IP) office. A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific perso
nimum organized teacher training (pre-service or in-service) required for teaching in their country. Source: United Nations Educational, Scie
ion, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency.
ource: International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency.
ent. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour
ent. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour
ent. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour
g employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of
g employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of
o become pregnant and are not using contraception. Source: Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro Int
sing World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Source: World Bank Staff e
sing World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Source: United Nations, Wo
tranche position. Use of IMF credit includes purchases and drawings under Stand-By, Extended, Structural Adjustment, Enhanced Structur
Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).
t. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
t. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
t. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic wate
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of org
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emission
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic wa
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water po
ned by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water poll
s and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Data are the sum of three items defined in the fifth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments
counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land aba
udes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing o

ernational Energy Agency.


ses value added from forestry, hunting, and fishing as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Data are in constant 2000 U.S.
ing intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natu

hdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is cons
hdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is cons
hdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is cons
hdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is cons
rily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and we
ens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization,

Capital includes tier 1 capital (paid-up shares and common stock), which is a common feature in all countries' banking systems, and total re
amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is ove
equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population
ct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. Source: UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Healt
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
s cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing
hares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the gove
n only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Source: Food

s against future credit authorizations, and purchases of treasury bills and bonds, net of deposits by the public sector. Public sector deposits
e. Money and quasi money (M2) comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central governmen

ourneys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes e
d surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.
the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions. Source: World Ba
calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001. Source: Food and Agriculture Orga

CO) Institute for Statistics.


qual to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population P

ms authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since paym
ms authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since paym
eposit money banks, as well as other banking institutions where data are available (including institutions that do not accept transferable de
repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financi
e country's percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in Doing Business 2007: How to reform. The ranking on each topic is the simple avera

al Energy Agency, Energy Statistics and Balances of Non-OECD Countries and Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.
egories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of th
egories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of th
egories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (e
egories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (e
egories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; fin
egories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; fin
egories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of th
the Labour Market database.
n to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships
and waste--and primary electricity, all converted into oil equivalents. Source: International Energy Agency.

in international transport. Source: International Energy Agency.


in international transport. Source: International Energy Agency.
ther expenses such as rent and dividends. Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, a
selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) a
emonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD's estimates using the previous year's trade values at th
d other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude c
nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one y
ent Finance.
igations of private debtors that are guaranteed for repayment by a public entity. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Globa
ce: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
d short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt.
ed Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Econom
phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted th

urce: Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org. version (07/2008). Acces
ommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the Inter
lectronic files and web site.
equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series sh
ystems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
ystems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

ductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar f
plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for dep
ue of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natura
national dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Source: International Labour Organiza
nal dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Source: International Energy Agency, and W
The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Source: Kiran
plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employ
ver GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less sub
erty income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at officia
States. Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not include
evelopment Finance.
ches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schoo
ucational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ucational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

mergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World He
ations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It c
ealth but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Source: World Health Organization National Health Account database (www.wh
trade database.
ermission of John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
nal tax rates levied at the national level apply. Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Individual Taxes: Worldwide Summaries, by permission o
mission of John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
e: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note:
l Development Association (IDA) are at concessional rates. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Fina
Software is excluded. Source: United Nations Statistics Division's Commodity Trade (Comtrade) database.
Software is excluded. Source: United Nations Statistics Division's Commodity Trade (Comtrade) database.
vice transactions). Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.
sesurveys.org/).
ssis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine. Source: WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immun
ceiving one dose of vaccine. Source: WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/en/).
s. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line
emonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD's estimates using the previous year's trade values at th
and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude
d facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly
d facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly
protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. R
protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. R

Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World
rvey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from th
Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World
rvey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from th
Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World
Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World
Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World
as. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making
local currency. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
uch as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data file
orld Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).
ons, and internal software development); computer services (information technology consulting, computer and network systems integration
ternational Financial Statistics and data files.
t Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these
y from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country
rld Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
cation Union for third-party use of these data.
e International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
blic. Movable assets and small projects such as windmills are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management co
es of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, gr
cts included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield p
ors, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operation
g a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as th
al Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
al Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
al Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
kes. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
ion data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage
case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of si
or the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the log
2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced
2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced
ectancy at birth. Male and female life expectancy source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 20
nvestment vehicles. Source: Standard & Poor's, Emerging Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data.
nization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
(UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
(UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
(UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

ed shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consigne
r children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The
e based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006. Source: World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth
urce: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and International Union for Conservation of N
or all of the enclosed environment. Source: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as com
or all of the enclosed environment. Source: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as com
t the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Sou
t the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data
ce. Source: Maternal Mortality: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.

encies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military
encies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military
tes. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
tes. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
mmunication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union fo
e mobile network, other mobile networks, and mobile to fixed-line calls and during peak, off-peak, and weekend times as well as 30 text mes
included. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report and database, and World Bank
currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government. This definition is frequently called M2; it corresponds to lines 34 an
es and research institutions).
HO, World Bank, UNPD, universities and research institutions).
mittee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territori
ance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries a
Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.
more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Dat
ange in stock of short-term debt (including interest arrears for long-term debt). Thus, if the change in stock is positive, a disbursement is as
of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration po
mittee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territori
mittee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territori
.ifc.org/ifcext/sme.nsf/Content/Resources).

hat bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. So
r the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollutio

mary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private h
ntries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more tha
d Road Statistics and data files.
doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent fo
doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent fo
trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic
d. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
d. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
stimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
ons Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and International Union for Conservation of Nature, Red List o
United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agen
g census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys cond
Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies,
munication Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for
ents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally consid

d Urbanization Prospects.
sion. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/w
sidered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates. Source: (1) United Nations Population Div
rkets by foreign investors. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments database, and World
World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agen
World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agen

pared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions. Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary house
red with poverty rates reported in earlier editions. Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary househo
ment Research Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.
ountry Poverty Reduction Strategies.
d country Poverty Reduction Strategies.
ildinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.
grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organi
grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organi
grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organi
ntage of the adult population. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
s year. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
s year. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

ntage of the adult population. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
for private entities (students/households and other privates entities). Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organiza
for private entities (students/households and other privates entities). Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organiza

and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

e for Statistics.
for Statistics.
stitute for Statistics.
ganization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitari
Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitari
he World Bank's population estimates. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.

al Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.


al Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ety, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Source:
ED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute
Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations. S
ket. In some countries this spread may be negative, indicating that the market considers its best corporate clients to be lower risk than the
nsumption. Source: International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energ
national Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.
ndustrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and
ndustrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and
to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimat
ed Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
ntal S&P data.
instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientif
ing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science
y education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects a
ation that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more sub
dary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong le
qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level. Sourc
d technology, and earth and space sciences. Source: National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators.

cation, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancie
includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions
ses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingb
g Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
nt period and the previous period. Source: Standard & Poor's, Emerging Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data.
at these laws are better designed to expand access to credit. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
ect (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
erroneously collected tax revenue are treated as negative revenue. Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Y
acity without reference to any specific investment projects; and investment-related technical cooperation grants, which are provided to stren
They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally

eport and database, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these da
based on data from national authorities, national legislation and international agreements.
based on data from national authorities, national legislation and international agreements.
st, is chosen. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
axes and social security contributions. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).

n's micro, small, and medium-size enterprises database (http://www.ifc.org/ifcext/sme.nsf/Content/Resources).


. Exports of goods and services includes income and workers' remittances. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, Interna
gbusiness.org/).
k and OECD GDP estimates.
rovided by a specific person or enterprise. A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use i
rovided by a specific person or enterprise. A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use i
Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, special data collection for the Education for All Initiative.

ional Energy Agency.


y Indicators of the Labour Market database.
y Indicators of the Labour Market database.
y Indicators of the Labour Market database.
ization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
ization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
alth Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.
ource: World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
ource: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
tment, Enhanced Structural Adjustment, and Systemic Transformation Facility Arrangements, together with Trust Fund loans. Data are in c

Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in w
and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen
ges (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that ba
SIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxyge
). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria i
34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteri
ssions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in wat
sions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water
MF's Balance of Payments Manual: workers' remittances, compensation of employees, and migrants' transfers. Remittances are classified a
mporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops th
ry meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of s

are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Source: Derived from World Bank national accounts files and Food and Agriculture Organization, Product
n and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC

desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation an
desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipa
desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industri
desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals fo
on, electronic files and web site.
Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

nking systems, and total regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated debt instruments that need not be repaid
ust the amount that is overdue. Source: International Monetary Fund, Global Financial Stability Report.
n. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advance
d Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.
nnessee, United States.
nnessee, United States.
which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statis
rivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fi
e excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

tor. Public sector deposits with the banking system also include sinking funds for the service of debt and temporary deposits of governmen
of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government. Sou

tbound lift) and includes empty units. Source: Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.
ys by UNICEF.
cisions. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
ood and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced

into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also
into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also
not accept transferable deposits but do incur such liabilities as time and savings deposits). Examples of other banking institutions are saving
und, International Financial Statistics and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
h topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www

ation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.


ation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
ction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water). Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market databa
ction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water). Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market databa
, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services. Source: Inte
, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services. Source: Inte
ation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

nd fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. Source: International Energy Agency and United Nations, Energy

Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Source: Un
us year's trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD doe
t services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Sourc
n original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all residen

Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.

arrears on long-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
s, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Censu
ation, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year b

version (07/2008). Accessed: 28 September 2008.


Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.

f payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors. Da

rrent U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few count
making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Source: World Bank national
and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Ac
rnational Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
al Energy Agency, and World Bank PPP data.
potential). Source: Kiran Dev Pandey, Piet Buys, Ken Chomitz, and David Wheeler's, "Biodiversity Conservation Indicators: New Tools for
(compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars a
ny product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees an
ed to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official excha
less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income

d the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks

dollars. Source: World Health Organization National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data. Note:
ate health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and
ccount database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data. Note: The latest updates on these data are accessible in WHO's Na
mmaries, by permission of John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

orld Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
Global Development Finance.

http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/en/).

mport volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Sour
us year's trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD doe
ent services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. So
facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. Source: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, J
facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. Source: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, J
ected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilome
ected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilome

tistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database.
me economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://ires
tistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database.
me economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://ires
tistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database.
tistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database.
tistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database.
calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of v

cial Statistics and data files.

twork systems integration, Web hosting, data processing services, and other services); and communications services (voice and data comm

for third-party use of these data.


e residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign po

ions and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a priva
ajor capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and
expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestiture
ment contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a pub
ment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unem

n for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site
ages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Source: World Bank and T
ntiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Source: World
d Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: D
d Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: D
pulation Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2)

ments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. D
stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006. Source: World Health Organization
Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition.
nion for Conservation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species.
Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute, based on data from national authorities, national legislation and internation
Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute, based on data from national authorities, national legislation and internation
investment vehicles. Source: Standard & Poor's, Emerging Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data, and World Bank and OE
investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: Standard & Poor's, Emerging Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&

y operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military p
y operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military p

elecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.


mes as well as 30 text messages per month. Source: International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Repo
atabase, and World Bank estimates. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
corresponds to lines 34 and 35 in the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) International Financial Statistics (IFS). The change in the money

e in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a r
and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients; and is calculated by dividing net ODA received by the midyear pop

y, goods, or services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
tive, a disbursement is assumed to have taken place; if negative, a repayment is assumed to have taken place. Long-term external debt is
or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come f
e in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a r
e in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a r

ce of organic pollutants. Source: World Bank and UNIDO's industry database.


Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated t

ups. It is a part of private health expenditure. Source: World Health Organization National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) s
reas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident t

the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Source: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), WIPO Patent Rep
the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Source: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), WIPO Patent Rep
e Organization, electronic files and web site.
ation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species.
onducted by national agencies, and Macro International.
, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International.
ted by national agencies, and Macro International.
ecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. Source: Derived from total population. Population source: (1)

at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm.
ed Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economi
ments database, and World Bank, Global Development Finance.
overnment statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Stu
overnment statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Stu

e based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for h
ased on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high
tion Strategies.

ntific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.


ntific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ntific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

ific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.


ific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

ed refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or ref
ed refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or ref

ntal development. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

g more rigid regulations. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
to be lower risk than the government. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics database.
d, and International Energy Agency.

otypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statisti
otypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statisti
es are World Bank estimates.

ions Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ral science, social science, art, and music. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute fo
standing of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music. Source: United Nations Educational, Scient
ment, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific,
foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teac
the secondary level. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a
corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade a
project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).

tal S&P data.


www.doingbusiness.org/).

nment Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
which are provided to strengthen the capacity to execute specific investment projects. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank,
ational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (

hird-party use of these data.

ment Finance.
al Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.

he exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment. The period of protection varie
he exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment. The period of protection varie

Fund loans. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.

f oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic po
s to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the prese
amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of
rs to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the prese
nt of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic
ount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organ
xygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollut
ygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic polluta
emittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of
nd cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rub
abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

ure Organization, Production Yearbook and data files.


dustrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. Source: Wor

withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002. Source: Food and Agriculture
e drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recen
hdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 198
try are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric p

ts that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain minimum capital levels (these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital). Total assets

nd Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: D

overnment Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
sually the last day of the fiscal year. Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and Wor

ry deposits of government revenues. Money and quasi money (M2) comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other th
e central government. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.

Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: De

f a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for exam
f a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for exam
king institutions are savings and mortgage loan institutions and building and loan associations. Source: International Monetary Fund, Intern

usiness project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).


the Labour Market database.
the Labour Market database.
onal services. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.
onal services. Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

nd United Nations, Energy Statistics Yearbook.

cial Statistics. Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Mon
es for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. So
d transfer payments. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of prim

008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4
data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporar

rom foreign investors. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance

nge rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transa
urce: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
a, and OECD National Accounts data files.

Indicators: New Tools for Priority Setting at the Global Environment Facility" (2006).
onverted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official
ensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Source: World Bank, International Com
ed when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transa
oyees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Source: World Bank, International Comparison Program d

gs. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progres

ted by country data. Note: The latest updates on these data are accessible in WHO's National Health Accounts (NHA) website (http://www.w
s, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Source: World Health
e accessible in WHO's National Health Accounts (NHA) website (http://www.who.int/nha/en/).
Financial Statistics. Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and Internation
s for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import volume indexes (lines 73) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. So
nd transfer payments. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).
Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).
a source within one kilometer of the dwelling. Source: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement P
a source within one kilometer of the dwelling. Source: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement P

g Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/inde
e see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).
g Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/inde
e see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).
g Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/inde
g Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/inde
g Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/inde
resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB

ices (voice and data communications services) and wired and wireless communications equipment. Source: World Information Technology

vailable, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as es

d projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitm
erates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government ass
ew facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Inves
ch a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum
he armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the info

ectronic files and web site.


Source: World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldba
dian case. Source: World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://w
cal offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5)
cal offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5)
dvanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Stati

ting better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic an
World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition.

legislation and international agreements.


legislation and international agreements.
, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
ook and supplemental S&P data.

ment pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and deve
ment pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and deve

ication Development Report and database. Note: Please cite the International Telecommunication Union for third-party use of these data.
se of these data.
The change in the money supply is measured as the difference in end-of-year totals relative to the level of M2 in the preceding year. Source

5 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: Development Assistance Committee of th
ceived by the midyear population estimate. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 1

ong-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents
e official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no offic
5 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Net official aid refers to aid flows (net of repayments) from official donors to countr
5 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: Development Assistance Committee of th

. The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study

se (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data. Note: The latest updates on these data are accessible in WHO's National Health A
e average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinan

WIPO), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with res
WIPO), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with res
n. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Na

s, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census

e Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/Povc
e Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/Povc

y departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology
epartments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, p
e applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. P
e applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. P

ance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.


ance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.

on (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.


ations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
ns Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
sing more specialized teachers. Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
e for Statistics.

ded is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions f
holesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and busines

ars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.


nd Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

e period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely beyond the time limit on payment of additional fees. Direct nonres
e period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely beyond the time limit on payment of additional fees. Direct reside

he presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution
eatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Ind
nt test for the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial
reatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "In
or the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollutio
t for the presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollu
presence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in E
resence of organic pollutants. Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Ec
han a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of
as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under
s and web site.

denominator. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

ce: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.


ata are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.
cent year available for 1987-2002. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.
or cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public service

tier 3 capital). Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets. Source: International Monetary Fund, Global Financial Stability Rep

ical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5)

ok and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.

demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors othe

cal offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U

wal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://ww
wal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://ww
nal Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
iles, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.
cial Statistics are used. Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and Internat

ut plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Source: World Bank, Global Develo

Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: Internat
O as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under ma

ial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, and World Bank, Global Development Finance.

al foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National

e is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in internationa
d Bank, International Comparison Program database.
plied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the
nal Comparison Program database.

ales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Source: World

NHA) website (http://www.who.int/nha/en/).


ion. Source: World Health Organization National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data. Note: The
data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.
cial Statistics are used. Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and Internat

und, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).


und, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

ank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).

ank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).

ank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).
ank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).
ank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).
revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. Source: World Bank national accounts da

d Information Technology and Services Alliance, Digital Planet: The Global Information Economy, and Global Insight, Inc.

hey reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries wh

tures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are
stments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period e
government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in ne
commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the
ers and workers in the informal sector. Source: International Labour Organization, using World Bank population estimates.

ne at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Glo
vailable online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistic
phy Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.
phy Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.
rostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bure

tnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round o

military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and curren
military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and curren

-party use of these data.

he preceding year. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.

ssistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Dev
d at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for

at is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Data are in current U.S. dollar
d censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, wh
m official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe,
ssistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Dev

dology as the initial study.

WHO's National Health Accounts (NHA) website (http://www.who.int/nha/en/).


s an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations. Source: Kiren Dev Pandey, David Wheeler, Bart Ostro, Uwe Deichmann, K

s no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.


s no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.
ion. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/w

008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4)

earch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Note: Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.
earch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Note: Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.

ormation and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Note: Data showing as 2.0 signi
ation and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Note: Data showing as 2.0 signifies
seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and M
seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and M

CO) Institute for Statistics.

hout making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of valu
e, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabul

ditional fees. Direct nonresident trademark applications are those filed by applicants from abroad directly at a given national IP office. Sourc
ditional fees. Direct resident trademark applications are those filed by domestic applicants directly at a given national IP office. Source: Wor

eeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated thr
i, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data w
David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were up
ni, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data
Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated
d Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were update
er, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated throug
, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated through
efined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one coun
, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natura

and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002. Source: Fo

bal Financial Stability Report.

aphy Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

ts of resident sectors other than the central government. Source: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data file

phy Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).


Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
nd data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.

World Bank, Global Development Finance.

Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, and the U.S. Ce
or pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded

data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

ally applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used

conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two prece

l formation. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

by country data. Note: The latest updates on these data are accessible in WHO's National Health Accounts (NHA) website (http://www.who.
nd data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.

Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly indepen

vestments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expan
uring the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets a
contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the res
ties are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and moderni

Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.
o Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.
and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

nal logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respon

e civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destr
e civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destr

of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data a
ee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries,

a are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Global Development Finance.
h the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensa
ntral and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is
of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data a

Ostro, Uwe Deichmann, Kirk Hamilton, and Katherine Bolt. "Ambient Particulate Matter Concentrations in Residential and Pollution Hotspo
t http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurosta

emographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: Internatio

Data showing as 2.0 signifies a poverty rate of less than 2.0 percent.
a showing as 2.0 signifies a poverty rate of less than 2.0 percent.
between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country o
between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country o

The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB co
9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3). Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour M

n national IP office. Source: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity.
nal IP office. Source: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. The In

he data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.
dbank.org/nipr). The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as t
org/nipr). The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initi
dbank.org/nipr). The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as
. The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study
pr). The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial stu
data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.
ata were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.
transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in th
or forage, including natural and cultivated crops. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

or 1987-2002. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.

ncial Statistics and data files.


rnational, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
ting cultivation is excluded. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

hod of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two

en year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries

) website (http://www.who.int/nha/en/).
tock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the

n new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project com
ts in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises,
rnment assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to p
n expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on a
reight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chose

ion, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much mo
ion, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much mo

Statistics database. Data are available online at: www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. World Bank GNI estimates are used for the denominato
to Developing Countries, Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data are available online

the 1990-2000 intercensal period. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2008.
d territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The
Statistics database. Data are available online at: www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline.

ntial and Pollution Hotspot Areas of World Cities: New Estimates Based on the Global Model of Ambient Particulates (GMAPS)," World Ban
atistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U

Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys cond
b-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Source: United Nations High Commissione
b-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Source: United Nations High Com

ision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator. Source: World Bank national accounts data,
ndicators of the Labour Market database.

Worldwide Patent Activity. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.
ide Patent Activity. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.

ology as the initial study.


he same methodology as the initial study.
e methodology as the initial study.
he same methodology as the initial study.
odology as the initial study.
thodology as the initial study.
gy as the initial study.
as the initial study.
grants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank staff estimates based on
or a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 co

gh 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the
ies with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the

esources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a spe
state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars
ed enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source:
ect company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the
st). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for

at would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expendi
at would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expendi

e used for the denominator.


Data are available online at: www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. World Bank population estimates are used for the denominator.

as abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. Data are in cu

tes (GMAPS)," World Bank, Development Research Group and Environment Department (2006).
ography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources a

e, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refug
ations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian

nk national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.


ormation of these data.
n of these data.

k staff estimates based on IMF balance of payments data.


through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries inclu

ese countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Source: World Bank national accounts data, and O
was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates fo

o provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Private Pa
are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Private Participation in Infrastructure Project Database (http://ppi.worldbank.org).
rent U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Private Participation in Infrastructure Project Database (http://ppi.worldbank.org).
in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: World Bank, Private Participation in Infra
random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six area

off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, po
off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, po

e denominator.

h 2004 data. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source: Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation a
e data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Con

and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
s on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.u
y statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online
001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Source: World Bank national accounts data

onal accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.


observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following

ce: World Bank, Private Participation in Infrastructure Project Database (http://ppi.worldbank.org).


i.worldbank.org).

rivate Participation in Infrastructure Project Database (http://ppi.worldbank.org).


ets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. De

es and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensio
es and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensio

Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Development Co-operati
. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.
HCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.
nk national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
ars preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Source: U
components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Comp

itary grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.) Source: S
itary grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.) Source: S

Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data are available online at: www.oecd.org/dac/sta
r for Refugees.
hat had no data. Source: United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.
hers' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Source: World Bank and Turku School of Economics, L

ent to another.) Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International S
ent to another.) Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International S

e at: www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline.
u School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results

mament and International Security. Note: Data for some countries are based on partial or uncertain data or rough estimates.
mament and International Security. Note: Data for some countries are based on partial or uncertain data or rough estimates.
.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics
l Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.