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[Reeno| | B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER 2109 ‘Third Semester (cH10205 ~ CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS (Gor the conde dite fom he oor 207-208 onards) ‘Time: Three hours ‘Mix Marks:100 PART— A (10x2=20 Marks) ‘Answer ALL Questions Explain the basis of calculation used in process calculation. Define: i) Gauge pressure (ii) Absolute pressure Define: (9) Normality (i) ppm Define: An ideal gas Define: Selectivity. Explain the term reeyele with sketch, Define: (9) Hest capacity (ji) Moll hea capacity [Explain sensible heat and latent heat Define: (j) Heat of formation (i) Heat of combustion. How to get standard heat of reaction ftom heat of formation data? PART - B (Sx 16 80 Marks) ‘Answer ANY FIVE Questions [Natural gas has the following composition ty volume peroent. CHy 83.5% ; CsHls— 12.596 and rest Nitrogen, (@) Caleuiate (@)_ Composition in partial pressure % Gi) Composition in mole % (il) Composition in weight % (iv) Average molecular weight (8) Caleulate the density ofthe gas mixture at STP. ‘A standard solution of sodium sulphate (Na;S0,) in water ‘a 3/3 K is concentrated by evaporation and cooled to 278 K. AT the lower temperature, the salt erystallizes out 8 NSO, 10H,0. IF the yield of the crystals is 95%, calculate the weight of Na;S0,.10H,0 crystals formed from I kg of feed i) weight of mother liquor and (Gl) weight of water evaporated ‘Air at a temperature of 20°C and pressure of 750 mm Hg hs a relative humidity of 80%. Calculate {@)moloal humidity of entering ir Gi) molal humidity of ‘air temperature is reduced to 10°C with increase in pressure to 1810 mm Hg by condensing out some amount of (ii) the mass of water condensed. from 100m? original wet air, by cooling and compressing to conditions in pat (i). ‘An st-wator system has the following conditions ‘Total pressure = 760 mm Hig Dry bulb temperature = 25°C Vapour pressure at DBT = 290 mm Hg Paral pressure - 140 mm Hg Calculate the folowing: Molal Humidity Humidity Saturation humidity Percentage humidity ‘A furave uses coke containing 80% earbon, 5% hydrogen ‘and remaining ash. The fumace operates with 50% excess sir of that required for complete combustion of all the carbon charged. The solid residue (Ash) contains 2% carbon, of the carbon burnt 5% goes to CO, Caleulate (@). Composition ofthe Nae gas Ash produced i) kg carbon lost per kg of coke burt CCilerne is produced by the reaction AHCI(g) + Os(g)2H,0(@) +2Clfg) ‘The feed stream tothe reactor consists of 67 moles% HC, 30 mole % O; and 3 mole % Na and it enters the reactor at ‘500°C. Ifthe conversion of HCI is 75% and if the process is isothermal, how much heat must be transfered ffom the reactor per mole of the entering gas mixture? Data: (Standard hea of formation at 25°C, J/gmo. HCI) =-92,307 ; H20(@) = -241,818 (G)-Mean mola beat capacity, cal/gmol*C ACI Hf) | Oxfe) | Chig) [Ny (060 [8539 [7515 | Bot | 7159] ‘Antimony is obtained by heating pulverized stibnite (8b,S:) ore with serap iron and drawing off the molten antimony from the bottom of reaction vessel SbySy+5Fe-02Sb FS. ‘Suppose that 0.6 kg of stibnite and 0.25 kg of iron turnings are heated together to give 02 kg of Sb metal. Determine Limiting reactant Gi) Pereentage excess of excess reactant Gii)._Pereent conversion