Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

Quaich

A quaich /ˈkweɪx/, archaically quaigh or quoich, is a special kind of shallow two-


handled drinking cup or bowl in Scotland. It derives from the Scottish Gaelic cuach
(Scottish Gaelic pronunciation:[kʰuəx]) meaning a cup.

Contents
1 History
2 See also
3 Notes
4 References
5 External links

History
According to the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, the quaich was inspired by the low silver bowls with two flat handles frequently
used as bleeding vessels in England and the Netherlands in the 17th century.[1] Another popular theory suggests that the shape is
derived from scallop shells. However, this seems to have had its origins in the now discredited poems of James Macpherson
supposedly translations of poems byOssian, son of Fionn mac Cumhaill.

In his 1955 monograph Some Scottish Quaichs,[2] Richard L. McCleneahan, an American collector, suggests that the quaich evolved
directly from the medieval mazer. This seems unlikely as the form and material (burr maple for mazers) are quite different. There
were small stave-built drinking vessels common in the medieval period found around the Baltics and, since some of the earliest
quaichs are stave-built, this could be the source.

Traditionally quaichs are made of wood, an artform known as "treen". Some early
quaichs are stave-built like barrels and some have alternating light and dark staves.
The staves are held together by bands of willow or silver. They generally have two,
and more rarely three or four, short, projecting handles. Other wooden quaiches were
lathe-turned out of a single piece of wood and there was another group which were
turned then carved outside in basket-weave pattern. In addition to wood, they are
made of stone, brass, pewter, horn, and silver. The latter were often engraved with
[1]
lines and bands in imitation of the staves and hoops of the wooden quaichs.
sycamore and silver quaich
The origin of quaichs in Scotland is traced to the Highlands; it was not until the end
of the 17th century that they became popular in such large centres as Edinburgh and
Glasgow. The silversmiths of such local guilds as Inverness and Perth frequently mounted them in silver, as may be seen from the
hallmarks on the existing examples.[1]

Commemorative quaichs awarded as prizes, or given as gifts, are more commonly made of pewter or silver. These prize cups are
rarely used for actual drinking.[1]

Related vessels to the Scottish quaich include the porringer, a larger vessel typically 6 inches (15 cm) in diameter with one (US
colonial) or two (European) horizontal handles. The Sami and Norrland, Sweden, equivalent is the kuksa, which also only has a
single handle.
The quaich was used for whisky or brandy, and in the 19th century Sir Walter Scott
dispensed drams in silver quaichs. One of the quaichs he owned was the Waterloo
Tree Quaich. It was made in part from wood Scott had taken from the Waterloo Elm,
when he visited the battlefield shortly after the Battle of Waterloo (the elm tree had
been the Duke of Wellington's command post for much of the battle).[3] In his
collection he also owned some other quaichs made from commemorative wood: one
made from Falkland Oak; one made from Queen Mary's yew; and another made
from the Wallace Oak.[4] The one he kept for himself was particularly precious to
him, because in 1745 that quaich, made of wood with seven bands, had travelled
Oak quaich
from Edinburgh to Derby with Bonnie Prince Charlie.[4]

Some quaichs' bottoms are made of glass, allegedly so that the drinker could keep
watch on his companions. A more romantic quaich had a double glass bottom in which was kept a lock of hair so that the owner
could drink from his quaich to his lady love, and in 1589, King James VI of Scotland gave Anne of Denmark a quaich or "loving
cup" as a wedding gift.

Wooden commemorative quaichs designed byPaul Hodgkiss were given as presents to winners at the2014 Commonwealth Gamesin
Glasgow.[5]

See also
Loch Quoich
Centenary Quaich – a rugby football competition

Notes
1. Jones 1911, p. 708.
2. McClenehan 1955, p. 3.
3. The Scotsman's staff 2010.
4. The Herald staff 1994.
5. BBC staff 2014.

References
BBC staff (25 July 2014), Glasgow 2014: A quaich guide to the medallists' truly Scottish gifts
, BBC News, retrieved
July 2014 Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
The Herald staff (21 April 1994), "Priceless heirlooms lost from Scott's home. Thieves take Abbotsford treasures"
,
The Herald
McClenehan, Robert L. (1955),Some Scottish Quaichs, Illinois, p. 3
The Scotsman's staff (18 March 2010), "Sir Walter Scott", The Scotsman, retrieved 7 July 2015
Attribution:

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jones, E. Alfred (1911)."Quaich". In
Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 708.

External links
Did You Know? - The Quaich
The Quaich : History Of

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quaich&oldid=791350650


"
This page was last edited on 19 July 2017, at 17:45.

Text is available under theCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply. By using this
site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of theWikimedia
Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

Centres d'intérêt liés