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ETAP is the most comprehensive analysis platform for the

design, simulation, operation, and automation of generation,


distribution, and industrial power systems. ETAP is developed
under an established quality assurance program and is used
worldwide as a high impact software.

As a fully integrated enterprise solution, ETAP extends to a


Real-Time Intelligent Power Management System to monitor,
control, automate, simulate, and optimize the operation
of power systems.

Operation Technology, Inc.


(800) 477-ETAP • (949) 900-1000
Base Package
ETAP Base Package is a set of core tools, embedded analysis modules, and engineering libraries that allow you to create,
configure, customize, and manage your system model. Core tools allow you to quickly and easily build 3-phase and 1-phase
AC and DC network one-line diagrams with unlimited buses and elements including detailed instrumentation and grounding
components. Base Package includes an intelligent one-line diagram, element editors, configuration manager, report manager,
project and study wizards, multi-dimensional database, theme manager, data exchange, and user access management.
Embedded analysis modules such as Cable Ampacity, Cable Sizing, and Transmission Line Constants provide integrated as well
as stand-alone capabilities to design, analyze, and size equipment. Engineering libraries provide complete verified and validated
data based on equipment manufacturer’s published data.

System Elements Multi-Dimensional Database


Embedded Analysis Modules • Unlimited AC (1-phase & 3-phase) & DC elements • Orthogonal multi-dimension database
• Unlimited buses: license dependent at run-time • Unlimited independent graphical views
- Cable Ampacity • Nested views (composite networks & MCC) • Unlimited status configurations
• Power grids, synchronous, & induction generators • Unlimited property revisions
• MOV, synchronous, & induction motors • Multiple loading & generation conditions
- Cable Sizing
• Exciters, governors, & stabilizers • Real-time operating data
• Voltage & frequency dependent lumped loads • Unlimited study solutions
- Transmission Line Constants • Cables, lines, reactors, & impedance branches • ODBC – MS Access, SQL server, & Oracle®
• 2W & 3W transformers with voltage regulators • Dumpster with unlimited cells: copy & paste
• Remote connectors • User access security with password protection
• Harmonic filters & static var compensator • Edited-by & checked-by with date stamping
• Instrument transformers • Merge project files via clipboard
• Protective devices & meters
• Single & double throw switches
• Batteries, DC motors, loads, & branches
• Chargers, inverters, UPS, & DC converters
• ANSI, IEC, & user-defined elements with rotation
& multiple sizes

Libraries
• Comprehensive library: ANSI & IEC devices
• Verified & Validated (V&V) library data
One-Line Diagram • V&V locked data
• Built-in intelligent graphics • Add, copy, merge, & delete capabilities
• Network nesting • User-defined & controlled libraries
• Integrated 1-Phase, 3-Phase, & DC systems • User-access control & security
• Integrated AC, DC, & grounding systems • Edited-by & checked-by with date stamping
• Multiple generators & grid connections • User-controlled library merge
• Display results on one-line diagrams
Cable LV Circuit Breaker
• Customizable font types, styles, & colors
• Customizable display of ratings & results Cable Fire Protection Solid State Trip
• Graphical display of equipment grounding Transmission Line Thermal Magnetic
Output Report Comparator
ETAP provides a time-saving capability to
• Graphical display of overstressed devices & alerts Motor Nameplate Electro-Magnetic automatically run multiple scenarios with
• Hide & show protective devices & grounding systems
Motor CKT Model Motor Circuit Protector different project files and verify their study results
• Theme manager with status & kV color control
(load flow, short circuit, etc.) against benchmark
• One-line templates Motor Characteristics Model Overload Heater reports (results obtained previously). Once set
• Propagation of nominal & rated voltage Motor Load Model Harmonic up, you can compare hundreds of study reports
• Propagation of phase connection together with one action. This is also a great
Fuse Interruption Cost
• Automatic display of energized & de-energized tool for the internal verification and validation of
elements using dynamic continuity check Relay Reliability a new version of ETAP after initial installation,
• Text box editor with dynamic link to properties Recloser Battery i.e., study results from the latest version of ETAP
• OLE object & ActiveX control integration are automatically compared with results of older
Electronic Controller Control Contact / Relay
• Intelligent text box & hyperlink bookmarks releases of ETAP with Pass/Fail flags.
• Customizable output reports via Crystal Reports® HV Circuit Breaker Solenoid
• Batch printing with view-dependent printer settings Network Simulation
• User-friendly plotting • Unlimited buses (license dependent) & elements
Project Management Wizards • Looped & radial systems
• Manage studies with scenarios & macros • Automatic error checking
• Record scenarios based on study settings • User interface for all network analysis modules
• Macro controlled scenario execution • Customizable ETAP preference properties
• Multi-level user access management

Built-In Calculators
• MVA, MW, Mvar, kV, Amp, & PF conversion
• Motor nameplate & dynamic parameter data
• Generation nameplate
• Power grid short circuit impedances
• Motor & generation inertia

Report Manager Data Exchange


• Customizable output reports & plots Configuration Manager • WMF / EMF / DXF / PDF exporting
• Input, results, alerts, & summary reports • Tabulate & control different status configurations • Import RAW / IEEE / CSV files
• Reports via Crystal Reports® viewer • Compare source, load, & switching device status • Export one-line diagrams in DXF format
• PDF, MS Word, Access, & Excel® reports • Flag changed data with checker capability • Import ground grid plans from AutoCAD®
• Element ID & text search capability • Copy, merge, export, import, & print
Modular

Network Analysis Protective Devices Dynamics & Transients


Short Circuit - ANSI / IEEE Coordination & Selectivity Transient Stability
• ANSI / IEEE C37 Standards • AC & DC coordination • Complete synchronous & induction machine models
• IEEE 141 & 399 Standards • Graphically adjustable device settings • Comprehensive excitation system models
• UL 489 Standard • Extensive device library (verified & validated) • Comprehensive governor-turbine models
• Integrates with protective device coordination • Embedded short circuit analysis • Power System Stabilizer (PSS) models
• Automatic device evaluation for 3-phase, 1-phase, • Embedded motor acceleration analysis • GE, Westinghouse, & solar gas turbines
& panel systems • Integrated with one-line diagram • User-Defined Dynamic Models (UDM)
• Generator CB evaluation • Multi-axis time current curves • Unlimited sequence of events & actions
• Phase-shifting transformer • Comprehensive plot options • Typical & common disturbances & operations
• Load terminal short circuit calculation • Adjustable magnifying-glass zoom view • Automatic actions based on relay settings
• Time difference calculator • Short-time & long-time simulation
Short Circuit - IEC • Multi-function/level relays • Variable total simulation time & simulation step
• IEC 60909, 60282, 60781, & 60947 Standards • Device setting reports • 3-phase & line-to-ground fault actions
• Transient fault analysis - IEC 61363 Standard • Auto-sync check action
• Integrates with protective device coordination Sequence-of-Operation • Embedded Newton-Raphson initial load flow
• Automatic device evaluation for 3-phase, 1-phase, • View device operation sequence graphically
& panel systems • Device failure & backup operation Generator Start-Up
• User-definable voltage c factor • Sequence viewer • Cold-state generator starting
• Load terminal short circuit calculation • Normalized (shifted) curves • Load generators prior to synchronous speed
• Current summation • Frequency-dependent machine models
Arc Flash • Relay actions (27, 49, 50, 51, 51V, 59, 67, 79, 87) • Frequency-dependent network models
• IEEE 1584a 2004 Standard • An expansion to the Transient Stability module
• IEEE 1584 2002 Standard Relay Test Set Interface • Utilizes user-defined dynamic models
• NFPA 70E 2000, 2004, & 2009 Standards • Export short circuit data relays settings
• CSA Z462 2008 Standard • Plot device steady-state response Wind Turbine Generator
• ASTM D 120-02a Standard • Compare relay response with manufacturer • Model unlimited wind turbine generators
• OSHA 29 CFR 1910 Standard published data • Detailed modeling of turbine dynamics,
• NEC 110.6 Standard • Display relay actual transient response aerodynamics, & power coefficients
• NESC Standard • Analyze relay false trips & mis-operation • DFIG with pitch & converter controller
• Embedded short circuit calculation • Simulate wind disturbance like ramp & gust
• Embedded device coordination • Individual or zone-based disturbances
• Cubic box & open air
• Report & label generation User-Defined Dynamic Model
• Maintenance mode switch • Library of pre-built models
• Relay actions (49, 50, 51, 67, 79, 87) • Customize existing UDM models
• Load terminal faults • Wide variety of blocks for building models
• Panels & single-phase systems • Import Simulink® models
• Multi-report result analyzer • Various model testing methods
• Work permits & data sheets • Real-time compiling & linking of model

Load Flow Parameter Estimation


• Power flow Relay Testing & Simulation • Induction machine equivalent circuits
• Demand load • Single-cage models
• Voltage drop Relay Test Set Equipment • Rotor deep-bar effects
• Power factor correction • Test, simulate, & calibrate relays, meters,
• Automatic device evaluation & transducers
• Automatic temperature correction • Test 24 different IEEE type relays
• 2W & 3W transformer LTC/regulator actions • Powerful & lightweight
• Real & reactive power losses • High accuracy & self-calibrating Explore ETAP with a
• Multiple current & voltage outputs
• Extensive violation alerts
• Multi-report result analyzer • Auxiliary DC supply Free Demo at etap.com
Motor Acceleration ETAP Test Set Software
• Dynamic motor acceleration • Manual & fully automatic testing
• Voltage flicker • View control panel & vector quantities
• Motor & load dynamic models • ‘Click & Test’ feature for quick testing
• Static motor starting • Playback transients from ETAP fault studies
• Multi-sequence starting • Playback transients from fault recorders
• Conventional & soft starting devices • Export to Comtrade format
• Load & generation transitioning
• Motor Operated Valve (MOV) simulation
• Comprehensive alarm & warning
Intuitive

Cable Systems Distribution Systems Transmission Line


Underground Thermal Analysis Unbalanced Load Flow Line Constants
• Neher-McGrath Method • Unbalanced power flow • Conductor & ground wire libraries
• IEC 60287 Standard • Single-phase & unbalanced 3-phase modeling • Built-in configurations: horizontal, vertical, etc.
• Steady-state temperature • Unbalanced & nonlinear load modeling • General configuration: X, Y, & Z coordinates
• Ampacity optimization • Phase & sequence voltage, current, & power • Multi-line mutual coupling
• Automatic cable sizing • Voltage & current unbalance factors • Phase & sequence impedance matrix
• Transient temperature • Transmission line coupling • Transposed & un-transposed lines
• Automatic device evaluation • Short & long line models
Cable Pulling • Multiple layer soil model
• Integrated with one-line diagram cables Optimal Power Flow • Calculated or user-defined impedances
• Integrated with underground raceways cables • Solve multiple objectives simultaneously
• Pull multiple cables • Interior point method with barrier functions Line Ampacity
• Completely flexible pull geometry • Minimize power losses • Conductor ampacity vs. temperature
• Full ETAP cable library integration • Active power optimization • IEEE 738 1993 Standard
• Display 3-D pulling path geometry • Reactive power optimization • Determine maximum operating temperature for
• Optimal dispatch various loading conditions
Cable Ampacity • Calculate derated ampacity based on temperature
• ICEA P-54-440 Standard Optimal Capacitor Placement limit
• National Electrical Code® NFPA 70 • Optimal location & bank size • Consider weather, solar heat, & geographical location
• IEEE 399 Standard • Minimize installation & operation costs
• British 7671 Standard • Individual source or average energy cost Sag & Tension
• Installation types include: • Voltage and/or power factor objectives • Sag/tension vs. temperature
-- U/G duct banks - Trenches • Minimum, maximum, & average loading • Multiple spans between dead-end structures
-- U/G direct buried - Brackets • Branch capacity release & cost savings • Level spans of unequal length
-- Trays - Cleats • Review capacitor impact on the system • Solve spans of unequal length on different horizontal
-- Ladders - Building voids • Capacitor control method planes
-- A/G conduit - Trunking • Flexible constraints • Include effects of wind, temperature, & k factor
-- Air drops - Embedded direct
Reliability Assessment HVDC Transmission Link
Cable Sizing • System reliability • Detailed rectifier & converter modeling
• Ampacity, voltage drop, & short circuit options • Customer oriented indices • Composite AC/DC & DC/AC systems
• Optimal & alternative sizes • Energy (cost) indices • Built-in control schemes
• Size based on actual loading and/or ratings • Sensitivity analysis • Inclusive transformer model
• Single & double contingency • Automatic harmonic spectrum calculation
• Easy-to-use integrated model
Single-Phase Distribution
• ANSI & IEC Standards
• Load flow with graphical per phase display
• Voltage drop & power losses
• Voltage & current unbalance factors
• Automatic device duty evaluation & alerts

Ground Grid Systems Transformer


Finite Element Method MVA Sizing
• 3-D plots for step, touch, & absolute potentials • Sizing based on actual connected or operating load
• 3-D irregular configurations • ANSI & IEC standard types, classes, & ratings
• 3-D graphical interface views • Considers ambient temperature, altitude, load
• Rods & conductors in any direction Geographic Information System growth, & load factors
• Graphical display of over limits
(see DataX - CAD interface) GIS Map Tap Optimization
• View GIS maps in ETAP • ANSI/IEEE C57.116 Standard
IEEE 80 & 665 Standards • Display analysis results on GIS maps • Optimize unit transformer turns ratio
• Conductor & rod optimization • Synchronize GIS data to ETAP projects • Considers system voltage variation
• 3-D graphical interface views • Use graphical user interface for data mapping • Considers generation station auxiliary load
• Control modification & accept/reject actions • Generator reactive capacity vs. voltage plots
• Check consistency for data synchronization
• Utilize GIS map tools
Integrated

DC Systems Power Quality Data Exchange


Load Flow Harmonic Load Flow DataX
• IEEE 946 Standard • IEEE 519 Standard • Import & export data
• Integrated AC & DC systems • Automatic distortion evaluation (THD & IHD) • Data synchronization
• Embedded Newton-Raphson Method • Telephone influence factors (TIF & I*T) • Automatic one-line diagram generation
• Voltage drop • Automatic alerts of violations • Intelligent error checking
• Power losses • Harmonic sources library • Customizable data mapping
• Battery auto-activation • Embedded Newton-Raphson Method • Real-time data exchange
• Charger/UPS current limit • Embedded Accelerated Gauss-Seidel Method • RAW data IEEE format
• Charger/UPS mode auto-switching
• DC converter modeling Frequency Scan SmartPlant Electrical Interface
• Motor model auto-switching • User-definable frequency range • Bi-directional data exchange
• Identify resonance conditions • Map attributes of SPEL with ETAP elements
Short Circuit • User-customizable plots • Automatic one-line diagram generation
• IEEE 946 Standard • Synchronize SPEL data with ETAP projects
• Integrated AC & DC systems Harmonic Filters • Database mapping via graphic user interface
• Total bus & branch contribution fault currents • Filter design & sizing
• Fault current rising time • Single-tuned, high-pass, & band-pass filters Microsoft® Access & Excel® Interface
• Battery modeling per ANSI/IEC Standard • Automatic filter overloading alert • Map Access & Excel® worksheets to ETAP elements
• Charger modeling per ANSI/IEC Standard • Inter-harmonic filter modeling • Automatic one-line diagram generation
• Synchronize data to ETAP projects
Battery Discharge & Sizing • Perform consistency checks during data exchange
• IEEE 308, 485, & 946 Standards • Substitute missing information with ETAP defaults &
• Integrated AC, DC, & Control System Diagram library data
• Battery discharge simulation
• Battery sizing e-DPP® Interface
• Discharge via DC load flow or duty cycle summation • Map attributes of e-DPP® to ETAP elements
• Voltage drop & loss consideration • Automatic one-line diagram generation
• Class 1E DC power & control system models • Synchronize e-DPP® data to ETAP projects
• Simulation of control system with battery discharge • Database mapping via graphic user interface
voltage Panel Systems
• Duty cycle diversity factor CAD Interface
• Load model type per operating characteristics Panel ANSI & IEC • Export one-line diagrams in DXF format
• Battery duty cycle calculated from individual loads • Intelligent panel design & analysis • Import ground grid plans from AutoCAD®
• Options for battery & load duty cycle 1 min span • 3-phase (3W & 4W) panels
• Multiple user selected options for battery • 1-phase (2W & 3W) panels
characteristic interpolation • 1-phase (A, B, C, AB, BC, CA, & 3W) panels
• Multiple diversity & correction factors • ANSI & IEC Standards
• Battery sizing report in IEEE 485 Standard format • NEC load factors
• Plot battery capacity, voltage, & current • Load flow with graphical per phase display
• Plot bus voltage & load & branch flow • Automatic device duty evaluation & alerts
• Detailed battery library • Automatic updating of upstream panels
• Export panel schedules to Excel®
• Panel with internal & external feeders & loads

ETAP Quality Assurance


OTI’s Quality Assurance program is specifically dedicated to meeting the requirements of:

ISO 9001:2008 A3147 UL ETAP is Verified and Validated (V&V) against field results,
real system measurements, established programs, and hand
Control Systems 10 CFR 50 Appendix B calculations in order to ensure its technical accuracy. Each
release of ETAP undergoes a complete V&V process using
10 CFR 21
DC Control Systems Diagram thousands of test cases for each and every calculation module.
• Simulation of operation sequence ANSI/ASME N45.2
• Pickup & dropout voltage calculation ASME NQA-1
• Automatic alerts
• Burden & inrush modes ANSI/IEEE 730.1
• Controlled contacts
CAN/CSA-Q396.1.2
• Integrated with battery discharge calculation
ANSI N45.22
Real-Time Enterprise Solution

An Intelligent Energy Management System for


Operators, Managers, & Engineers
ETAP Real-Time is a suite of software tools that offers a fully integrated enterprise solution.
Through continuous monitoring, simulation, and optimization of electrical, process, manufacturing,
and management systems, ETAP can maximize the entire production process, reduce losses,
and increase profits.

ETAP Real-Time extends the traditional data acquisition systems to an intelligent and reliable power
management solution for operators, dispatchers, engineers, and decision makers. Its modular
functionality can be tailored to fit the needs of each company, from small to large power systems.
Industrial facilities, transmission, and distribution companies, generation owners, and vertically
integrated utilities can all benefit from the features and functionality of ETAP Real-Time.

Real-Time Energy Management Intelligent Load Intelligent


Monitoring & Simulation System Shedding Substation
Advanced Monitoring Automatic Generation Control Load Preservation Substation Automation
• Intelligent graphical user interface • Multi-area control • Steady-state & transient response • Flexible automation
• State estimator & load distributor • Load frequency control • Optimal load preservation • Programmable logic editor
• Process & performance monitoring • MW & Mvar sharing • Fast response time • Online control
• Alarm & notification management • NERC performance standard • Reliable operation
• Minimum load shedding Switching Management
Energy Accounting Economic Dispatch • Proactive contingency analysis • Switching sequence management
• Energy tariff builder • Minimize fuel costs • Safety & security procedures
• Customizable reports • Optimize energy costs Load Restoration • Interlock logic evaluator
• Real-time energy cost tracker • Fast solution • Restart inhibition • Switching plan validation
• Cost & consumption summary • Robust algorithms • Logical load sequencer
• Load restoration priority Load Management
Real-Time Simulation Supervisory Control • Demand-side management
• Simulate circuit breaker operation • System optimization Load Shedding Validation • Time-of-use load shifting
• Identify potential operating problems • Supervisory & advisory control system • Confirm load shedding actions • Intelligent load management
• Simulate motor starting & load change • Optimal power flow • Simulate ILS recommendations
• Predict operating time of protective • Programmable logic editor • Integrated stability knowledge base
devices
• Predict system response based on Interchange Scheduling
operator actions • Tariff analyzer
• Perform “What If” operating scenarios • Rate structure builder
• Simulate real-time & archived data • Transaction scheduling
• Operator assistance & training • Transaction contract ETAP Real-Time Brochure
Event Playback Reserve Management Please refer to the ETAP Real-Time
• Replay archived historian data • Operating reserve analysis brochure for detailed information.
• Investigate cause & effect • Reserve capacity monitoring
• Explore alternative actions • Notification of inadequate reserve
• Replay “What If” scenarios View the brochure online at etap.com.
• Predict operating reserve

Load Forecasting
• Adaptive bus load forecasting
• Real-time trending
• Load profile library
• Forecasting scenario archiving

Copyright © 2009 Operation Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.


Certain names and/or logos used in this document may constitute trademarks, service marks, or trade names of Operation Technology, Inc. or other entities.