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SAP KNOW HOW

COST CENTRE
Q:What is the organization structure of CO?

Q:If there are 4 special period in FI and none is CO ,then what type of error /warning system
would throw? can we fix it?

Q:What is the master data and transaction data?

Q: Which views in the material master are relevant for costing a product?

COPA
Q: How actual values flow to copa and how the value of std and actual cogs flow to copa

Q: how the value of cost components will flow to copa

Q: What entry system passes at the time of PGI?

Q: What is the top down distribution in copa is all about and how it works and what is relevancy of it in
copa.

COGS are not transferred into the CO-PA until transfer of the billing document.

Q: Which characteristics values can’t be changed through derivation strategy for COPA?

A:Customer, Controlling, product & Company Code. These have fixed, non-modifiable
derivation.

Q:What is table Lookup in COPA?

A: A table lookup is a derivation method used by CO-PA to access the characteristic values from SAP
master data tables when this information is not available on the originating transaction.

CO-PC
Q:What are the method available for costing material without quantity structure and it’s advantage?

A: Through unit level costing or multilevel costing. Advantage are

 • Flexibility
 • Efficient data maintenance
 • User can detail and refine the cost estimate as required

Q If it is necessary to construct a BOM that is only appropriate for cost estimate


planning, than a usage indicator?

A: 6 should be selected.

Q: If the use of a specific alternative BOM is desired for cost planning?


A: then the alternative number should be identified directly in the costing view of the material
master.

Q:The use of moving average does not require a standard cost, then why does system
create it?

A: but it is possible to create a standard cost for use as a target cost for variance
analysis.

Q: Where can activity type be used as an account assignment object ?

A: Personnel costs for Payroll Accounting & Depreciation postings on the activity type in Asset
Accounting

Q:What is CO Production Order and How does it work?

A. CO Production orders are used when PP and Product costing is not implemented. You can do
goods issues and goods receipts for the CO Production orders and collect costs on them.

Q: how system will cost by- product and how system will calculate the cost of FG

If standard cost of SFG used is Rs 10. O/h Rs 5, RM -7 and cost of bye product is say Rs 2.

Ans: cost will be Rs 20(10+5+7-2)

Q: How system calculates cost of production like COGM?

Q : what are the month end activities in product cost by period and product cost by order.

Q: what entries system passes at the time of order confirmation, settlement?

Q: difference between using special procurement key and transfer control.

Q: How system does costing for configured and variant material

Q: how system calculates the planned and actual cost of product.

Q: why do we do okb9 setting and if we don’t use co-pa.will okb9 setting required.

Q: if we have suppose 3-4 different alternative BOMs AND ROUTINGS and accordingly the

Production version thereto. In this scenario how system will calculate the product costing?

Ans: A. Create a Procurement Alternative in CK91N for each of the 4 prod version... Choose process
category = Production in CK91N

B. 1 Now, create a mix cost ratio for each of these 4 proc alternative in CK94....

B.2 To maintain a mix ratio in CK94, you need to maintain Qty Structure Type.. Follow the below
steps

create a Qty Structure Type in IMG - Controlling > Product Cost Controlling > Product Cost Planning >
Selected Functions in Material Costing > Mixed Costing

> Define Quantity Structure Types - Define Qty Structure Type here and assign it in the next step
> Define Costing Versions - Assign Qty Structure Type to your costing version 1 and Costing Type
C. Now run CK11N. Your standard cost will be a weighted average of all the 4 prod versions... And
target cost in production order will be based on the prod version used in prod order

Q: how system calculates the WIP and what should be the order status before calculation the wip.

Q: What is the use of MIXED Costing and how it works?

Q: If I want to access the standard and actual cost on the basis of material type to the COPA, for
calculating the cogs for the Materials at the time of PGI. What setting one needs to do in COPA.

Ans: setting in KEPCs

Q: If I have the 2-3 production version in the system, then at the time of create std cost estimates
which PV will system choose by default?.

Q: What is the relation between settlement profile and settlement rule?

Ans- It specifies valid settlement receivers and identifies the default object type (such as cost
center) for The receiver. The default object type will show up when you maintain a settlement
rule to an order With this profile. Only the settlement receivers allowed here you will be able to
use in a settlement Rule for an order with this profile.

Q:How does system picks up costing sheet for production orders, process orders, product cost
collectors, maintenance orders, maintenance orders and service orders,

Ans: you default the costing sheet using a valuation variant.

Q:why do we use planning value for OH cost?

A: The reason that planned values are used initially is that the total actual overhead (the expense
postings) are not usually known until the end of the period. For this reason, the actual values cannot
be determined until the close of the period.

Material Ledger
Q: if material ledger is activated, and we want to change the price control of the materials from s to v
and v to s. Can we do this and if yes what would be the implication n results of the same.

Profit Centre
Q: can we repost the line item to correct profit center

ANS: KE21/KE26

Q: Why do we create dummy profit center? What is the relevance of it?

INTERAL ORDER
Q: can internal order can be settled to different cost centers using statistical key figure.

ANS: Settlements can’t happen based on SKF, however, you can use Internal Orders as senders in
assessment cycles. For this refer note 605281.... It has a program which will allow you to use IO as
senders in assessment cycle along with CC as senders
Then you can allocate from Internal orders based on SKF. You need to define cycle in KSU1 and
execute from KSU5... KO88 won’t come into picture

Q: What do you mean by non distributed price variance, why this arises?

Q: What is activity dependent allocation & activity independent allocation?

Q: Where we define the version (Planning versions) in sap

Ans: Version is defined in setting of operating concern, profit centers and controlling area.

Q: How do we create the planning version 0 in sap?

Ans: SAP System automatically creates the version 0 while creating the controlling area.

Q: Which version is used to analyse the actual data.

Ans: Version 0 is used to analyse actual data once actual data are posted in this version.

Q: In cost center accounting planning can be done at what areas.

Ans: Planning can be done at following areas

1. Activity Planning i.e. type & pricing


2. Cost element/ Activity Input
3. Statistical key figures

Q: What is relevance of point of valuation and costing keys in copa.