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Chapter 5

Receivables (Part 1)

PROBLEM 5-1: TRUE OR FALSE


1. TRUE 6. TRUE
2. TRUE 7. FALSE
3. FALSE 8. TRUE
4. FALSE 9. TRUE
5. FALSE 10. FALSE

PROBLEM 5-2: THEORY


1. B 6. A
2. D 7. D
3. D 8. A
4. D 9. B
5. B 10. A

PROBLEM 5-3: THEORY


1. D 6. D
2. C 7. A
3. C 8. D
4. C 9. B
5. C 10. A

PROBLEM 5-4: THEORY


1. A 6. A
2. D 7. A
3. D 8. B
4. D 9. B
5. B 10. C

PROBLEM 5-5: COMPUTATIONAL: MULTIPLE CHOICE


1. B (450 x 2%) = 9
2. C 1,000 – 200 sales returns – 9 sales discount = 791
3. A (100,000 x 50% x 2%) = 1,000
4. C (100K + 611K – 591K – 45K) = 75,000

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5. A
Solution:
Allowance for bad debts
10,800 Jan. 1
Bad debts expense (450K x
Write-offs 18,000 13,500 3%)
Dec. 31 6,300

6. D (1,000,000 x 3%) = 30,000


7. A
Solution:
Days Estimated outstanding Amount % uncollectible Allowance
0 - 60 120,000 1% 1,200
61 - 120 90,000 2% 1,800
Over 120 100,000 6% 6,000
9,000
8. B
Solution:
Accounts receivable at 12/31/x1 - gross 350,000
Accounts receivable at 12/31/x1 - net (325,000)
Allowance for uncollectible accounts - 12/31/x1 25,000

Allowance for uncollectible accounts


30,000 Jan. 1
Write-offs 18,000 2,000 Recoveries
Bad debts expense
11,000 (squeeze)
Dec. 31 25,000

9. C 650K + 2.7M – 75K – 40K – 2.15M = 1.085M


10. D
Solution:
Percentage of credit sales: (1,750,000 x 2%) = 35,000
Percentage of accounts receivable:
Allowance for bad debts
16,000 Jan. 1
29,000 Bad debts expense (squeeze)
Dec. 31 (900K x
5%) 45,000

PROBLEM 5-6: COMPUTATIONAL: MULTIPLE CHOICE


1. A (260K + (2% x 9M) – 325K = 115K

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2. A (93,000 – 2,000 + 3,000) = 94,000

3. C (2,920,000 – 32,000) x 1% = 28,880

4. D (450,000 – 32,000) = 418,000

5. D [54,000 – 60,000 + 15,000 + (3,000,000 x 3%)] = 99,000

6. A
Allowance for doubtful accounts
128,000 beg.
Write-offs 88,000 80,000 Bad debts expense (squeeze)
- Recoveries
a
end. 120,000

a (880,000 – 760,000) = 120,000

7. B (1,000,000 x 2%) = 20,000

8. C
Allowance for doubtful
accounts
Dec. 31 (unadjusted) 2,000
Write-offs - 60,000 Bad debts (4M x 1.5%)
- Recoveries
end. 58,000

(500,000 + 200,000 + 100,000) = 800,000 – 58,000 = 742,000

9. D
Allowance for doubtful
accounts
1,500 beg. (96K - 94.5K)
Write-offs 3,200 3,900 Bad debts (squeeze)
800 Recoveries
end. (105K - 102K) 3,000

10. B
Accounts
receivable

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beg. 50,000
Sales on account 620,000 578,000 Collections, including recoveries
Recoveries 3,000 20,000 Write-offs
75,000 end.

11. A
Accounts receivable
beg. 40,000
Sales on account 520,000 487,000 Collections, including recoveries
Recoveries 2,000 10,000 Write-offs
65,000 end.

12. D
Accounts receivable
beg. 45,000
Sales on account 550,000 525,500 Collections, including recoveries
Recoveries 2,500 12,000 Write-offs
60,000 end.

13. B
Allowance for doubtful accounts
- beg.
Write-offs 40,000 90,000 Bad debts expense
- Recoveries
end. 50,000

490,000 + 50,000 = 540,000

14. B (700,000 – 62,500) = 637,500

15. D [(80,000 – 4,000) - (4,500 – 4,000)] = (76,000 – 500) = 75,500

16. C (9,500 + 9,000 – 8,000) = 10,500

17. B (425,000 – 14,000) = 4,110

18. A (53,000 x 10%) – 760 = 4,540

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19. B (148,000 + 70,000 + 60,000 + 2,000 – 160,000) = 120,000

20. C [840,000 – (36,000 + 76,800)] = 727,200

PROBLEM 5-7: COMPUTATIONAL: EXERCISES


1. Solution: (85,000 + 5,000 – 2,000 + 3,000) = 91,000

2. Solution: 550,000 – FOB shipping point

3. Solutions:
Requirement (a): Traditional GAAP
Gross method Net method
1. Sale on account
Accounts receivable 90,000 Accounts receivable 87,300
Sales 90,000 Sales 87,300

(₱100,000 x 90%) (₱100,000 x 90% x 97%)

2. Collection is made within the discount period


Cash on hand 87,300 Cash on hand 87,300
Sales discounts (90K x 3%) 2,700 Accounts receivable 87,300
Accounts receivable 90,000

3. Collection is made beyond the discount period.


Accounts receivable 90,000 Cash on hand 90,000
Cash in bank 90,000 Sales discount forfeited 2,700
Accounts receivable 87,300

Requirement (b): PFRS 15


Invoice amount (100,000 x 90%) 90,000
Multiply by: 3%
Total available discount 2,700
Multiply by: 80%
Discount expected to be taken 2,160

Invoice amount 90,000


Less: Discount expected to be taken (2,160)
Transaction price 87,840

1. Sale on account
Accounts receivable 87,840
Revenue 87,840

2. Portion collected within the discount period


Cash on hand (90,000 x 80% x 97%) 69,840

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Accounts receivable 69,840

3. Portion collected beyond the discount period


Cash on hand (90,000 x 20%) 18,000
Accounts receivable 18,000

4. Solution:
Requirement (a):
(a)
Bad debt expense 25,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts 25,000

(b)
Allowance for doubtful accounts 5,000
Accounts receivable 5,000

(c)
Accounts receivable 3,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts 3,000
Cash on hand 3,000
Accounts receivable 3,000

Requirement (b):
Allowance for doubtful accounts
10,000 beg.
Write-offs 5,000 25,000 Bad debts expense
3,000 Recoveries
end. 33,000

5. Solution:
Requirement (a):
(a)
Accounts receivable 250,000
Sales 250,000

(b)
Cash on hand 220,000
Accounts receivable 220,000

(c)
Bad debt expense 30,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts 30,000

(d)
Allowance for doubtful accounts 15,000
Accounts receivable 15,000

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(e)
Accounts receivable 8,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts 8,000
Cash on hand 8,000
Accounts receivable 8,000

Requirement (b):

VARIATION #1: Excluding Recoveries


Accounts receivable
beg. 120,000
Sales on account 250,000 212,000 Collections, excluding recoveries
15,000 Write-offs
143,000 end.

VARIATION #2: Including Recoveries


Accounts receivable
beg. 120,000
Sales on account 250,000 220,000 Collections, including recoveries
Recoveries 8,000 15,000 Write-offs
143,000 end.

6. Solutions:
Requirement (a):

(1) Percentage of net credit sales


Sales ₱650,000
Sales returns and allowances (50,000)
Net sales 600,000
Rate 1½%
Bad debt expense ₱ 9,000

Bad Debt Expense 9,000


Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 9,000

(2) Percentage of ending receivable

Allowance for doubtful accounts


2,500 beg.
Write-offs - 5,500 Bad debts expense (squeeze)

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- Recoveries
end. 8,000a

a (100,000 x 8%) = 8,000

Bad Debt Expense 5,500


Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 5,500

Requirement (b):

(1) Percentage of net credit sales


The entry would not change under the percentage of net credit sales method.

(2) Percentage of ending receivable


The percentage of receivables approach would be affected as follows:
Allowance for doubtful accounts
beg. 2,500
Write-offs - 10,500 Bad debts expense (squeeze)
- Recoveries
end. 8,000

Bad Debt Expense 10,500


Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 10,500

7. Solutions:
Requirement (a):

No. of Days Probability Required


Outstanding Amount of Collection Uncollectibility Allowance
0-30 days 500,000 0.98 0.02 10,000
31-60 days 200,000 0.9 0.1 20,000
Over 60 days 100,000 0.8 0.2 20,000
50,000

Allowance for doubtful accounts


- beg.
Write-offs 5,000 53,000 Bad debts expense (squeeze)
2,000 Recoveries
end. 50,000

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Bad debt expense 53,000
Allowance for bad debts 53,000

Requirement (b):
50,000 (see computations above)

Requirement (c):
Gross accounts receivable (500K + 200K + 100K) 800,000
Less: Allowance for bad debts (50,000)
Accounts receivable, net – end. 750,000

PROBLEM 5-8: COMPUTATIONAL: EXERCISES


1. Solutions:
(1)
Doubtful Accounts Expense
(3% x 128,000) - ₱1,220 .................. 2,620
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ........... 2,620

(2)
Doubtful Accounts Expense ................... 5,374.50
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ........... 5,374.50

(₱747,000 - ₱18,000 - ₱12,400) x 30% x 2.5% = ₱5,374.50

2. Solutions:
(1)
Doubtful Accounts Expense ................... 35,700
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ........... 35,700
[(3% x ₱590,000) + ₱18,000]

(2)
Doubtful Accounts Expense ................... 32,025
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ........... 32,025
[1.5% (₱2,180,000 - ₱18,000 - ₱27,000)]

(3)
Doubtful Accounts Expense ................... 39,400
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ........... 39,400
(₱21,400 + ₱18,000)

3. Solutions:
(1) Bad Debt Expense 4,670
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 4,670

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Gross receivables ₱90,000
Rate 6%
Total allowance needed 5,400
Present allowance (730)
Adjustment needed ₱ 4,670

(2) Bad Debt Expense 7,040


Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 7,040

Sales ₱360,000
Sales returns and allowances 8,000
Net sales 352,000
Rate 2%
Bad debt expense ₱ 7,040

4. Solution:

(1)
Harris Corporation
Analysis of Changes in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
For the Year Ended December 31, 2002

Balance at January 1, 2002 ............................... ₱260,000


Provision for doubtful accounts (₱18,000,000 x 2%) ....... 360,000
Recovery in 2002 of bad debts written off previously ..... 30,000
₱650,000
Deduct write-offs for 2002 (₱180,000 + ₱120,000) ......... 300,000
Balance at December 31, 2002, before change in accounting
estimate ............................................... ₱350,000
Increase due to change in accounting estimate during 2002
(₱537,600 - ₱350,000) .................................... 187,600
Balance at December 31, 2002, adjusted (Schedule 1) ...... ₱537,600

Schedule 1
Computation of Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
at December 31, 2002

Doubtful
Aging Category Balance Percent Accounts
November-December 2002 ₱2,280,000 2% ₱ 45,600
July-October 2002 1,200,000 15% 180,000
January-June 2002 800,000 25% 200,000
Prior to January 1, 2002 140,000 * 80% 112,000
₱4,420,000 ₱537,600
* ₱260,000 - ₱120,000

(2)

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Doubtful Accounts Expense .................... 187,600
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ............ 187,600
To increase the allowance for doubtful
accounts at December 31, 2002, resulting
from a change in accounting estimate.

5. Solution:
Requirement (a):

No. of Days Probability Required


Outstanding Amount of Collection Uncollectibility Allowance
0-30 days 500,000 0.98 0.02 10,000
31-60 days 200,000 0.9 0.1 20,000
Over 60 days 100,000 0.8 0.2 20,000
50,000

Allowance for doubtful accounts


beg. 2,000
Write-offs - 52,000 Bad debts expense (squeeze)
- Recoveries
end. 50,000

Requirement (b):
Allowance for doubtful
accounts
45,000 Jan. 1
Write-offs 50,000 - Bad debts expense
3,000 Recoveries
2,000 Dec. 31 (Dr.) - unadjusted

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