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ADOPTION
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ADOPTION vs. LEGITIMATION:
Similarities:
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Differences:
LEGITIMATION ADOPTION
Persons *  
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Who applies *
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ADOPTION ONLY BY JUDICIAL DECREE:


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A.c WHO MAY ADOPT

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½AMILY CODE RA 8522
Art. 183 Sec. 7
1.c person of age (18) a) Any ½ilipino citizen:
2.c in possession of fully civil capacity & •c of legal age
legal rights •c in possession of full civil capacity &
3.c in a position to support & care for his legal rights
kids in keeping w/means of the •c of good moral character*
family •c not been convicted of any crime
4.c at least 16yrs older than person to be involving moral turpitude
adopted unless the adopter is the •c emotionally & psychologically
parent by nature or sp of legitimate capable of caring for children*
parent of person to be adopted •c in a position to support & care for
5.c spouses jointly/married person his/her kids in keeping w/means of
w/consent of sp except: the family
a.c when 1 seeks to adopt his own •c at least 16 yrs older than adoptee and
illegit child who is in a position to support and
b.c when 1 sp seeks to adopt the legit care for his/her children in keeping
child of other with the means of the family. 16
6.c not disqualified under ½C 184 years difference may be waived when
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adopter is biological parent or is the
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 sp of the adoptee¶s parent
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 b) Any alien possessing the same


 -      qualification as above stated for ½ilipino

  nationals, provided that:
§c     &  1.c his country has diplomatic relations
      
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Àc à
         3.c certified by his diplomatic/consular

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5.c conditions may be waived for ff:
Art. 184. The following persons may not a.c former ½ilipino citizen seeks to
adopt: adopt relative w/in 4th degree
of consanguinity/affinity*
(1) The guardian with respect to the ward b.c one who seeks to adopt
prior to the approval of the final accounts legitimate child of his/her
rendered upon the termination of their ½ilipino sp*
guardianship relation; c) guardian with respect to the ward after
termination of guardianship & clearance of
(2) Any person who has been convicted of a his financial accountabilities
crime involving moral turpitude;
Husband &Wife shall jointly adapt except in
(3) An alien, except: the ff cases:
a.c if 1 sp seeks to adopt legit child of
(a) A former ½ilipino citizen who seeks to other
adopt a relative by consanguinity; * b.c if 1 sp seeks to adopt his own
illegitimate child w/consent of other
(b) One who seeks to adopt the legitimate spouses
child of his or her ½ilipino spouse; or * c.c spouses are legally separated*
In case husband and wife jointly adopt, or
(c) One who is married to a ½ilipino citizen one spouse adopts the illegitimate
and seeks to adopt jointly with his or her son/daughter of the other, joint parental
spouse a relative by consanguinity of the authority shall be exercised by the spouses.
latter.*
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exceptions may adopt ½ilipino children in  

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accordance with the rules on inter-country Àc &    53 
adoptions as may be provided by law. (28a, ×c &    
  


E. O. 91 and PD 603)      
     

  
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Àc H & W must jointly adopt except:   
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B.c WHO MAY BE ADOPTED:

½AMILY CODE RA 8522


Art. 187. The following may not be adopted: SECTION 8. Who May Be Adopted. ² The
following may be adopted:
(1) A person of legal age, unless he or she is (a) Any person below eighteen (18) years of
a child by nature of the adopter or his or her age who has been administratively or
spouse, or, prior to the adoption, said judicially declared available for adoption;
person has been consistently considered
and treated by the adopter as his or her own (b) The legitimate son/daughter of one
child during minority. spouse by the other spouse;

(2) An alien with whose government the (c) An illegitimate son/daughter by a


Republic of the Philippines has no qualified adopter to improve his/her status
diplomatic relations; and to that of legitimacy;

(3) A person who has already been adopted (d) A person of legal age if, prior to the
unless such adoption has been previously adoption, said person has been consistently
revoked or rescinded. (30a, E. O. 91 and PD considered and treated by the adopter(s) as
603) his/her own child since minority;

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C. PRE-ADOPTION

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