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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 1

2.5 hours are allotted for this examination: 60 minutes for Section I, consisting of 60 multiple choice questions, and
90 minutes for Section II, consisting of four free-response questions. For both sections, the questions are not in
order of difficulty. You are expected to pace yourself, and provide sufficient explanation for your answers in
Section II. You may use a periodic table or a scientific calculator, if needed. Choose the best following answer for
Section I.

SECTION I
Time – 60 minutes
Number of questions – 60
Total marks – 60
1. Which of the following is a unicellular
eukaryote?
A. protozoa
B. bacteria
C. viruses
D. animals 3. The processes illustrated in the models
E. plants above all result in which of the following?
A. Transcription
H + + HCO3- « H 2O + CO2 B. An increase in genetic variation
2. The equation above shows one of the C. An increase in the chromosome
reversible reactions that occur in blood. number
After exercise, an athlete’s blood pH has D. Horizontal gene transfer
dropped below the normal level. How will E. Base-pair substitution
normal blood pH be restored?
A. An increase in O2 concentration in the 4. All of the following organs are vestigial
plasma will lead to an increase in H+ EXCEPT the:
concentration. A. male nipples.
B. An increase in temperature will lead to B. appendix.
an increase in H+ concentration. C. body hair.
C. An increase in sweating will lead to a D. wisdom teeth.
decrease in OH- and H+ concentration. E. interstitial fluid.
D. An increase in breathing rate will lead
to a decrease in blood CO2 and H+
concentration.
E. None of the above.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 2

6. A student in a biology class crossed a male


Drosophila melanogaster having a gray
body and long wings with a female D.
melanogaster having a black body and
apterous wings. The following distribution
of traits was observed in the offspring.

Phenotype # of offspring
Gray body, long wings 42
5. To determine the evolutionary history and Black body, apterous wings 41
relationships among organisms, scientists Gray body, apterous wings 9
gather evidence from wide variety of Black body, long wings 8
sources including paleontology,
embryology, morphology, behaviour, and Which of the following is supported by the
molecular biology. A phylogenetic tree of data?
vertebrates is shown. Which of the A. The alleles for gray body and long wings
following statements is most consistent are dominant.
with the phylogenetic tree shown? B. The alleles for gray body and long wings
A. Birds and turtles evolved their own are recessive.
means of gas exchange independently C. The alleles for black body and apterous
of the other vertebrates. wings are co-dominant.
B. Mammals are most closely related to D. Genes for the two traits are located on
birds because they share a direct two different chromosomes, and
common ancestor. independent assortment occurred.
C. The common ancestor of reptiles, birds, E. Genes for the two traits are located
and mammals, produced amniotic eggs. close together on the same
D. Crocodiles are direct descendants of chromosome, and crossing over
ray-finned fishes since they live in the occurred between the two gene loci.
same environment.
E. All of the above. 7. Cellular material is transported through the:
A. nucleus.
B. endoplasmic reticulum.
C. Golgi body.
D. cell membrane.
E. vacuole.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 3

8. Trypsinogen is converted into its active 11. Which of the following simple organisms
form, trypsin, to help with complete use flagella to create a continuous current
digestion of food. This process takes place of water that passes through pores in the
in the: body wall, which then exits through large
A. duodenum. openings at its top?
B. pancreas. A. cnidaria.
C. jejunum. B. porifera.
D. ileum. C. nematoda.
E. hilum. D. rotifera.
E. mammalia.
9. The general pathway of digestion is
described as:
A. mouth, esophagus, stomach, large
intestine, small intestine, colon,
rectum.
B. mouth, esophagus, stomach, colon, 12. Blood vessels can be categorized into the
small intestine, large intestine, colon, size of their dividing regions. Which of the
rectum. following sequences of terms, in order,
C. mouth, esophagus, stomach, small corresponds to the first, second, and third
intestine, large intestine, rectum. type of blood vessel depicted above?
D. mouth, esophagus, stomach, small A. capillaries, venules, veins.
intestine, colon, large intestine, rectum. B. capillaries, arterioles, arteries.
E. mouth, esophagus, stomach, large C. venules, veins, capillaries.
intestine, small intestine, colon. D. arteries, arterioles, capillaries.
E. aorta, arteries, arterioles.
10. Which of the following is NOT a genetic
abnormality? 13. Which of the following is the resulting
A. monosomy. nucleotide sequence after a base-pair
B. trisomy substitution to the sequence of:
C. base-pair substitution TAC GCA TGG AAT?
D. insertion A. TAC GA TGG AAT
E. None of the above. B. TAC GCA TGGC AAT
C. TAC GCA TGG AAT
D. TAC GTA TGG AAT
E. None of the above.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 4

14. After blood passes through the superior


vena cava, it enters the right atrium. Which
of the following does the blood pass
through immediately after the right atrium?
A. semilunar valve.
17. In the pedigree above, circles represent
B. bicuspid valve.
females, squares represent males, and
C. tricuspid valve.
shaded figures represent individuals
D. chordae tendinae.
expressing a specific trait. The expression of
E. right ventricle.
this trait is most likely due to which of the
following?
15. All of the following statements about lung
A. Sex-linked dominant inheritance
capacity are true EXCEPT:
B. Sex-linked recessive inheritance
A. inspiratory reserve volume + tidal
C. Autosomal dominant inheritance
volume + expiratory reserve volume =
D. Autosomal recessive inheritance
vital capacity
E. A co-dominant relationship of a single
B. total lung capacity – residual volume =
pair of alleles
vital capacity
C. inspiratory reserve volume + expiratory
Questions 18-21 refer to the following genetic
reserve volume + tidal volume +
crosses, in which R and T represent dominant
residual volume = total lung capacity
alleles and r and t represent recessive alleles for
D. vital capacity + tidal volume = total lung
two genes that are located on different
capacity
chromosomes.
E. All of the above.

A. ttrr x ttrr
16. Which of the following is NOT a factor
B. TtRr x TtRr
affecting diffusion and permeability?
C. TTRr x TtRR
A. temperature
D. TtRr x ttrr
B. size
E. TtRr x ttRr
C. shape
D. moisture
18. Offspring from this cross are expected to
E. B and C
exhibit a 1:1:1:1 phenotypic ratio.
19. Offspring from this cross are expected to
exhibit a 3:3:1:1 phenotypic ratio.
20. All offspring from this cross are expected to
exhibit both dominant traits.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 5

21. This cross is an example of a dihybrid cross 24. An electric impulse at which location
in which both parents are heterozygous. signifies the start of the heartbeat?
A. sinoatrial node
22. Which of the following statements best B. atrioventricular valve
explains why oxygen is taken up more C. bicuspid valve
rapidly at 12°C than at 20°C? D. superior vena cava
A. Oxygen is more soluble in blood at E. aorta
lower temperatures.
B. At 12°C, a higher rate of oxygen 25. DNA replication occurs:
consumption is required to maintain a A. during the S phase of the cell cycle.
high body temperature. B. as the nuclear envelope breaks down in
C. In colder temperatures, more heat is early mitosis.
lost at the surface of the skin and the C. during mitosis but not meiosis.
heat is replaced by deeper breathing. D. in animal cells but not in plant cells.
D. Oxygen is taken up more rapidly E. only in cells destined to become
because of the greater expansion of the gametes.
lungs caused by the loss of heat.
E. The loss of body heat causes muscles to 26. An allele on the X chromosome is
relax and require more oxygen. responsible for the recessive trait of red-
green color blindness in humans. The
23. A group of people whose ancestors daughter of a woman who is color-blind has
immigrated to North America 200 years ago normal vision and marries a man who is
have certain allele frequencies that differ color-blind. This couple has a son; what is
significantly from those in surrounding the probability that the son will be color-
populations in the United States. Which of blind?
the following is the most likely explanation A. 0
for the difference in allele frequencies? B. 1/4
A. Mutation C. 1/2
B. Independent assortment D. 3/4
C. Reproductive isolation E. 1
D. Sex linkage
E. Gametic isolation
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 6

Questions 27-29 refer to the following Questions 32-37 refer to the following pathogens.
subcategories of Archaea. Match the following human diseases with the
pathogen that causes it. The same answer can be
A. methanogens used more than once.
B. halophiles
C. thermoacidophiles A. bacteria
D. thermophiles B. viruses
E. sulfolobales C. fungi
D. protists
27. Thrive in highly ionic (salty) environments. E. prions
28. Thrive in hot environments.
29. Thrive in highly carbonic environments. 32. Ring worm
33. Tooth decay
30. Which of the following human diseases is 34. Cold sore
caused by a fungus? 35. Yeast infection
A. West Nile 36. Malaria
B. lupus 37. Mad Cow Disease
C. yeast infection
D. athlete’s foot 38. Homologous chromosomes move toward
E. C and D opposite poles of a dividing cell during:
A. mitosis.
31. There are many branches of biology dealing B. meiosis I.
with the separate complexities of living C. meiosis II.
systems. Morphology, for example, is the D. fertilization.
study of outward traits and genetic E. independent assortment.
expressions of eukaryotes. The study of
biology dedicated to the study of 39. Meiosis II is similar to mitosis in that:
mechanisms within the body is called: A. sister chromatids separate during
A. molecular biology anaphase.
B. anatomy B. DNA replicates before the division.
C. histology C. the daughter cells are diploid.
D. physiology D. homologous chromosomes synapse.
E. phylogeny E. None of the above.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 7

40. Blood returning to the mammalian heart in 44. Which of the following would increase the
a pulmonary vein drains first into the: rate of heat between an animal and its
A. left atrium. environment?
B. right atrium. A. feathers or fur
C. left ventricle. B. vasoconstriction
D. left atrium. C. wind blowing across the body surface
E. A and B D. vasodilation
E. countercurrent heat exchanger
41. If a molecule of carbon dioxide released
into the blood in your left toe is exhaled 45. Fat digestion yields fatty acids and glycerol,
from your nose, it must pass through all of whereas protein digestion yields amino
the following EXCEPT: acids. Both digestive processes:
A. the pulmonary vein. A. occur inside cells in most animals.
B. the trachea. B. add a water molecule to break bonds.
C. the right atrium. C. require a low pH resulting from HCl
D. the right ventricle. production.
E. the bronchioles. D. consume ATP.
E. None of the above.
42. Compared with a smaller cell, a larger cell of
the same shape has: 46. After surgical removal of an infected
A. less surface area. gallbladder, a person must be especially
B. less surface area per unit of volume. careful to restrict dietary intake of:
C. the same surface area to volume ratio. A. starch.
D. a smaller cytoplasm to nucleus ratio. B. protein.
E. a larger cytoplasm to nucleus ratio. C. sugar.
D. fat.
43. Both viruses and prokaryotes contain: E. water.
A. nucleic acids.
B. ribosomes.
C. a plasma membrane.
D. a protein coat.
E. a peptidoglycan wall.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 8

Questions 47-48 refer to the following graph of an Questions 49-51 refer to the following pedigree.
immune response. Filled boxes or filled circles indicate the inheritance
of a biochemical disorder.

49. The disorder illustrated in the pedigree is


probably inherited as:
47. The action of the immune system at day 5 is A. an autosomal dominant allele.
most likely in response to the introduction B. an autosomal recessive allele.
of: C. an X-linked dominant allele.
A. an antibiotic. D. an X-linked recessive allele.
B. an antigen. E. a Y-linked dominant allele.
C. an antibody.
D. an immunoglobulin. 50. The best explanation for the inheritance of
E. a macrophage. the disorder in individual F is that she
received:
48. If the immune responses at day 5 and day A. an allele for the disorder only from her
30 are reactions to the same substance, the mother.
likely source of antibodies at day 30 are: B. an allele for the disorder only from her
A. T cells. father.
B. erythrocytes. C. alleles for the disorder from both
C. leukocytes. parents.
D. macrophages. D. two alleles for the disorder form her
E. None of the above. mother.
E. two alleles for the disorder from her
father.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 9

51. Which of the following is the probability of 55. Which of the following is the dominant
the disorder appearing in the next offspring reaction as blood flows through the
from D and E? pulmonary capillaries? Note that Hb =
A. 0% hemoglobin.
B. 25% A. H 2CO3 ® H + + HCO3
C. 50% B. H 2O + CO2 ® H 2CO3
D. 75%
C. Hb + 4CO2 ® Hb (CO2 )4
E. 100%
D. Hb (O2 )4 ® Hb + 4O2

Questions 52-53 refer to the following. E. Hb + 4O2 ® Hb (O2 )4

A. angiosperms 56. In peas, a dominant allele (R) produces a


B. gymnosperms round pea shape, and a recessive allele (r)
C. ferns produces a wrinkled shape. At a second
D. green algae locus on a different chromosome, a
E. mosses dominant allele (Y) produces yellow seeds,
and a recessive allele (y) produces green
52. The development of seeds is not protected seeds. If a cross between two pea plants
inside an ovary. produces ¼ wrinkled seeds and ½ yellow
53. Vascular seed plants in which the egg is seeds, which of the following represents the
fertilized and develops in an enclosed parental genotypes?
hollow ovary. A. RRYY x rryy
B. RrYy x rryy
54. Which of the following is correct about C. RrYy x Rryy
diastolic blood pressure? D. RrYy x RrYy
A. It is generated by contraction of the E. Rryy x Rryy
ventricles.
B. It is measured in the veins.
C. It is the pressure determined using a
sphygmomanometer that is recorded
when the sounds lub-DUBB disappear.
D. It is measured in Pascals.
E. It increases as an individual becomes
more physically fit.
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 10

57. Which of the following is true for fungi and 60. How many chromosomes would be present
archaea? in each daughter cell at the end of
A. Their cells are bounded by a wall made telophase II of meiosis?
of peptidoglycan. A. 2
B. Their cells lack a membrane-bounded B. 4
nucleus. C. 8
C. They are all autotrophic. D. 16
D. They are all parasites. E. 32
E. Each group belongs to a different
domain.

58. All of the following are effective in lowering


body temperature in mammals EXCEPT:
A. large ears.
B. sweating.
C. panting.
D. decreased muscular activity.
E. decreased blood flow to extremities.

59. A man and a woman have blood types A


and B respectively. Both have one parent
with O blood type. What is the probability
that the man and woman have a child with
O blood type?
A. 0%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 75%
E. 100%

STOP. END OF SECTION I.


SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 11

SECTION II
Time – 90 minutes
Number of questions – 4
Total marks – 40

Directions: Questions 1 and 2 are long free-response questions that are worth 12 marks each. Questions 3 and 4
are short free-response questions that are worth 8 marks each. Read each question carefully and completely. You
are responsible for timing yourself in each question. Write your response in the space provided. Answers must be
written in paragraph form. Outlines, bulleted lists, or diagrams alone are not acceptable unless otherwise stated.

1. Maintenance of glucose levels, digestion, and the overall role of the pancreas has been intensively studied
in humans.
A) Pancreatic enzymes help regulate and facilitate digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
Identify THREE pancreatic enzymes that aid in digestion.
B) For the three enzymes that you identified in A), identify which one aids in digestion of:
 Complex polysaccharides
 Lipids
 Proteins
C) Identify THREE other excretions or enzymes that aid in digestion found anywhere else in the digestive
system.
D) Explain how each of the following disorders affects the function of the digestive system as a whole, as
well as further complications that can arise from these disorders.
 Pancreatitis
 Crohn’s Disease
 Reverse peristalsis (emesis)
SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 12

ANSWER PAGE FOR QUESTION 1


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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 13

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 14

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 15

2. In fruit flies, the phenotype for eye colour is determined by a certain locus. E indicates the dominant allele
and e indicates the recessive allele. The cross between a male wild-type fruit fly and a female white-eyed
fruit fly produced the following offspring. The wild-type and white-eyed individuals from the F1
generation were then crossed to produce the following offspring.

Wild-type Wild-type White-eyed White-eyed Brown-eyed


male female male female female

F1 0 45 55 0 1
F2 23 31 22 24 0

A) Determine the genotypes of the original parents (P generation) and explain your reasoning. Use
Punnett squares to enhance your description and discuss the results of the Punnett squares in your
answer.
B) The brown-eyed female in the F1 generation resulted from a mutational change. Explain what a
mutation is, and discuss and define the THREE types of mutations that might have produced the
brown-eyed female in the F1 generation.
C) Explain how each of the following concepts could have contributed to the production of the offspring
mentioned above. You may reference to any point or piece of information in the chart to support
your answer.
 Meiosis
 Independent assortment
 Crossing over

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 16

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 17

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 18

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 19

3. For each of the following pairs of terms, describe how one is related to, causes, or is affected by the
other.
 DNA replication, meiosis
 Breathing, blood alkalinity
 Motility, pseudopods
 Sinoatrial node, aerobic cellular respiration

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 20

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 21

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 22

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 23

4. The vital aspects in the life of a Protista are water, food, and motility.
A) Explain whether the Paramecium is a protozoa or not. Then, identify the role each of the following
plays in its daily life:
 Oral groove
 Cilia
 Pellicle
B) Explain whether the Euglena is a protozoa or not. Then, identify the role each of the following plays in
its daily life:
 Chloroplast
 Flagellum
 Water vacuole
C) Compare and contrast the two processes of photosynthesis and aerobic cellular respiration. Indicate
the chemical equation of cellular respiration in your answer.

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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 24

ADDITIONAL ANSWER PAGE FOR QUESTION 4


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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 25

ADDITIONAL ANSWER PAGE FOR QUESTION 4


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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 26

ADDITIONAL ANSWER PAGE FOR QUESTION 4


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SBI 3U1 BIOLOGY 27

STOP
END OF EXAM