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Jet Fuel Analysis

Laboratory Instruments for quality control, analysis and

calibration of aviation fuels

Jet A-1 ∞ Jet A ∞ Jet B ∞ JP-8 ∞ FT-SPK ∞ HEFA-SPK

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Jet Fuel Analysis

Avcount2 Laser Based Particle Counter (SA1000-2)

IP 565; ASTM D7619; ASTM D975; Defence Standard (DEF STAN) 91-91 & 91-86

ASTM D6786, ASTM D7647, ISO 4406 (1991 & 1999), GOST 17216, NAS 1638, SAE
AS4059E, SAE A6D, SAE 749D, GB 5930, GJB 420-1987, GJB 420-A-1996, GJB
• Particle size ISO 11171: 4μm(b) to >70μm(b); ISO 4402: 2μm to
>100μm; GOST 17216-71: 2μm to >200μm
• Cumulative & distributive particle counts
• Cleanliness code reporting
• Uses “Straight from the Bottle” samples
• Precise and reliable results
• Rugged case suitable for laboratory or portable use
• Typical test time of less than 6 minutes
• 16 fixed measuring channels (calibration in compliance with ISO
MTD for measuring oil
• An upper and lower limit value can be set for each of the first 8
counting channels
• Data storage for up to 2300 measurements across 64 memories
• Internal Double Pump System downstream of measurement cell
• Optional in-line high pressure testing up to 315 Bar
• Dual calibration tables:- NIST SRM 2806b and NIST SRM 2806a

APPLICATIONS ›› AvCount2 (SA1000-2)

AvCount2 is a laser based particle analyser used for determining the particle
• Aviation turbine fuel
concentration in liquid fuels and oils. It can be used throughout distribution
• Aviation turbine oils networks and in the laboratory, in fact anywhere that requires accurate
• Hydraulic and lubricating oils determination of particle distribution in a liquid sample. Whether checking the
• Skydrol hydraulic fluid quality of fuel, efficacy of filter systems or condition of in-service lubricants,
• Biofuels and biofuel blends AvCount2 provides fast and precise results.
• Heating oil AvCount uses the light emitted by a laser to illuminate a cell through which the
• Gas oil sample is passed. Each particle present in the sample casts a shadow onto the
• Diesel - automotive and marine sensor within the cell, and as the shadow passes across the sensor the voltage
output of the sensor drops. The voltage drop of the cell is proportional to the
• Gasoline and kerosene
particle size and AvCount2 calculates the size of the particle based on this
Results are displayed in real time and are simultaneously printed out on the
integral printer. The test methods embedded in AvCount2 cover a range of
fuels, lubricating oils and hydraulic fluids and can be edited to create custom
test profiles. Versatile connectivity and memory management allow results to be
accessed, printed out or downloaded to a USB stick.
AvCount2 supports dual calibration tables, allowing users to select tests using
an ISO 11171 calibration traceable to NIST SRM 2806b or to a secondary working
standard traceable to the last certified values of NIST SRM 2806a.
View a demo video online: www.seta-analytics.com/avcount-movie.htm

Sample Preparation Verification

AvCount Bottle Tumbler AvCount Verification Material (SA1006-0)

The material is a suspension of a NIST traceable medium test dust in a
(SA1010-0) super-clean clear, mineral based, technical oil.
Fitted with 250ml ‘syrup’ bottle holder. Provides a AvCount Verification Material is manufactured in accordance with ISO
consistent gentle end-over-end tumble action to 11171:2010 Annex F, with the exception of the use of a clear technical oil
maintain a homogeneous suspension. as diluent. The certified values are statistically derived from the results
of a significant number of tests conforming to IP 565, using AvCount
instruments calibrated in accordance with ISO 11171:2010, using materials
traceable to NIST SRM 2806b, under ISO 9001 conditions.
IATA Tumbler (5 Litre) (SA1020-0)
The certificate also gives values for instruments calibrated with materials traceable
Suitable cans: to NIST SRM 2806a.
UN LACQ 1A1/X/550 Cans (W 210mm x H 220mm). The homogeneity and variability of the AvCount Verification Fluid is checked in
UN LA1A1/X1.6/600 Cans (W 180mm x H 260mm). accordance with ISO Guide 35 and the essentials of ISO Guide 34.
NOTE: Supplied in 250ml bottle with Certificate of Measurement.

Ultrasonic Bath to ISO11171

Required for preparation of verification

2 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.seta-analytics.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration

AvCount Lite Laser Based Particle Counter (SA1800-0)

IP 565; ASTM D7619; ASTM D975; Defence Standard 91-91

• Particle size ISO 11171: 4μm(b) to >100μm(b)

• Cumulative particles/ml
• Bottle samples or on-line
• Simple operation
• High visibility screen
• Suitable for laboratory or portable use
• Integral battery option
• Stand-alone or PC controlled
• Programmable via PC
• Volume or time based
• Data storage for up to 600 results
• Typical test time of less than 4 minutes

AvCount Lite provides fast and reliable results for determining the particle
concentration in liquid fuels and oils. A combination of innovative features and
rapid measurement technologies make the AvCount Lite highly flexible, whilst its
›› AvCount Lite (SA1800-0)
portable design allows use in the field and the laboratory, without ease of use or
accuracy of results being affected.
AvCount Lite is fitted with a precision dual piston pump. When measuring APPLICATIONS
samples from a bottle, the pump draws an aliqot of sample through the • Aviation turbine fuel
measurement cell at a consistent flow rate. When connected to a pressurised
• Aviation turbine oils
line, the pump provides accurate metering and control. A pressure reduction
system is available for applications above 10 bar. • Hydraulic fluids
• Skydrol hydraulic fluid
Custom test methods can be created on a PC or laptop before being uploaded
to the AvCount Lite’s memory. Test progress and results for up to 6 size bands • Biofuels and biofuel blends
are displayed as cumulative particles/ml and ISO 4406 cleanliness codes. Results • Gas oil
are then stored within the AvCount Lite’s internal memory which has space for • Diesel - automotive and marine
up to 600 sets of results. If required, the results can be downloaded via USB port • Gasoline and kerosene
for further analysis and printing from a computer. AvCount Lite is supplied with
ASTM D7619, IP 565 and ISO 4406 pre-installed.

AvCount Software
Three Windows based programmes are available and compatible with the
AvCount Lite.

Protrend - Allows an operator to control an AvCount Lite from a personal

computer or laptop. It allows the operator to temporarily create local custom
test methods, run tests and download data. When purchased, Protrend supports
multiple AvCount Lite units, synchronising the sampling and measurement to
allow trend analysis.

Partikel - Used to create and upload test methods into the memory of the
AvCount Lite. Intended for supervisors, it allows the AvCount to be configured
with up to 3 test methods. Partikel software is supplied with the AvCount Lite,
once uploaded, it can be used as a stand-alone instrument.

Calibration - Supplied with the instrument for the calibration of AvCount Lite,
calibration curves can be created and uploaded. These can be based on a
number of different standards including Seta SA1018-0, a secondary working
standard traceable to NIST SRM 2806b.

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 3

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.seta-analytics.co.uk
Jet Fuel Analysis

FIJI FAME in Jet Instrument (SA5000-2)

ASTM D1655; Defence Standard 91-91 Issue 7, Amendment 3

IP 583; ASTM D7797 Determination of the fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) content
of aviation turbine fuel (AVTUR) by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy - Rapid
screening method

• All FAME types from C8 to C22 including Coconut, Mustard, Palm, Rapeseed,
Sunflower oil, Soya, Jatropha
• Analysis time 20 minutes
• Certified range 10–150 mg/kg FAME in AVTUR
• Measuring range 0-1000 mg/kg in AVTUR
• Certified range 20ppm to 20% in Middle Distillates
• Laboratory and field instrument
• Fully automatic
• Suitable for untrained operators
• No cleaning solvents required
• No pre-sample preparation required
• 50 ml sample volume

The patented Fame In Jet Instrument (FIJI) has been developed to offer the industry a
rapid and easy check on Parts Per Million (ppm or mg/kg) levels of FAME in Aviation fuel
using test method IP 583 and ASTM D7797.
FIJI uniquely utilises state of the art FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy)
technology and a patented sample preparation system which allows FAME detection
accuracy down to the 10mg/kg level.
FIJI can be used as a field or lab based screening tool to give a quick indication of
possible FAME contamination that may then necessitate further investigations. The
instrument can be used to prevent expensive testing and avoid costly delays of fuel
The FIJI instrument is robust, extremely simple to use and is fully automatic so no
specialist operator training is involved. Tests require less than 50ml of sample and
typically take under 20 minutes. Results are presented in mg/kg units together with an
optional traffic light system for flagging FAME contamination levels of the fuel.
›› FIJI (SA5000-2)
By comparison current analytical tests can take many hours, require complex equipment
and demand high skill levels.
Using a unique sample preparation module the sample is pumped at a controlled flow
rate though a proprietary disposable cartridge. The sample components are spectrally
analysed by the FTIR and a result is displayed in mg/kg and a graphical spectrum is also
The system is self-cleaning so no solvents are required. After each test the cartridge is
simply and easily replaced and the instrument is immediately ready for the next sample.

Visit: www.seta-analytics.com/fame-in-jet-instrument.htm
View a demo video online: www.seta-analytics.com/fiji-movie.htm

Test ‘OK’ at < 50ppm Test ‘Fail’ at >50ppm

Operator Sequence

Place Sample Cartridge Load Cartridge Press GO Test Completed

4 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.seta-analytics.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration

WSI Water Separation Instrument (SA9000-0)


• Substantial cost saving per test

• Fully automated sample handling
• Measures 50 to 100 WSI
• 250ml sample volume
• Simple operation for non-chemists
• Patented Ultra Sonic Mixer
• 10 minute test duration
• Sonic mixing sequences providing consistent water droplet size and
stable emulsion
• Featuring an API/EI 1581 5th edition filter material
• High resolution optical water detector measuring to <1ppm water
• USB data output

The WSI is used in the aviation sector to provide an indication of the

presence of surfactants in aviation fuel. Surfactants, or surface active
agents, are not normally present in aviation fuel, but can be picked
up during transportation in pipelines, ships or storage, or through
misadditization. Surfactants in the fuel affect the ability of filters in the
distribution network to remove entrained water through coalescence.

The WSI is a small fully automated laboratory instrument which reduces

the chance of error in this critical aviation fuel test. Simple touch
screen operation enables tests to be started quickly and easily. Using a
disposable filter cartridge, and a patented specific dye detector, the WSI
dynamically measures the sample under test for its ability to separate
water. Sample preparation is automatic and uses patented sonic mixing
technology to emulsify the sample, which enables a uniform water/fuel
mixture every time. Results are calculated from the detector reading and
displayed on screen as the Water Separation Index (WSI). A high WSI,
such as 100, indicates the sample coalesces easily and is relatively free of

WSI Filter cartridges use API/EI 1581 5th edition filter material which is
less sensitive to weak surfactants and is less affected by SDA, eliminating
uncertainty over static dissipater additives, but is responsive to the ›› WSI (SA9000-0)
presence of ester based additives.

The instrument features fully automated sample handling and therefore requires
minimal operator time with just 3 simple steps to start a test. To operate the
instrument, a sample is first poured into the test beaker and a filter cartridge fitted.
Next, using the user friendly touch screen the sample information is entered before
pressing start to commence the test.

Once the test is underway the sample is purged through the instrument, then a
specific amount of dyed water is added via the accurate microliter pump. The
ultrasonic mixer emulsifies the fuel/water mixture according to a defined routine
to make an emulsified sample. The emulsified sample is passed to the detector,
the water content is checked, and then passed through the filter cartridge to the
detection system. If the water in the emulsion is successfully removed (good water
separation) by the filter cartridge then the aviation fuel is deemed to be free from
surfactants and a high value is reported (WSI 97 to 100). If water passes through the
filter (poor separation), it is measured by the detector, and a lower WSI number is
reported, indicating a fuel which may contain surfactants.

View a demo video online: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/wsi-movie.asp

Evochrom Aromatics HPLC System - Diesel & Jet Fuel (SA2400-2)

ASTM D6379; IP 436
• Complete HPLC system allows plug and go for the busy lab
• Precision engineered HPLC hardware with proven technology
• Chromatography assured with optimised column technology meeting the
latest ASTM D6379 and IP 436 Method requirements
• Quality separations provide accurate and precise results every time
• Fully compatible to meet and measure Aromatics as referenced in DEF STAN
91-91 and ASTM D1655

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) measuring mono and di-aromatic

›› Evochrom (SA2400-2)
hydrocarbon content in aviation kerosenes and petroleum distillates.

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 5

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.seta-analytics.co.uk
Jet Fuel Analysis

Setaflash Series 3 Flash Point Tester (30000-2 & 33000-2)

ASTM D3828; ASTM D7236; IP523;
Seta Part No. 30000-2 33000-2

• Rapid equilibrium (flash / no flash) Methods: ASTM D3828; IP523; ISO3679 ASTM D3828; ASTM D7236; IP523;
• 1 or 2 minutes test time
Cup: Closed Closed
• 2ml sample
Material: Aluminium Aluminium
• Ambient to 300°C Temperature Ambient to 300°C Ambient to 300°C
• Ramp mode Range:

• Compact, portable and rugged Test Duration 1 minute 1 minute

Rapid Equilibrium
design Mode
• Automated flash detection Temperature Automatic or custom settings

• USB port and results storage Ramp Mode: (ramp rate: up to 6°C/min and
beep rate: up to 5°C/B intervals).
Extended test range, 100°C from
The Setaflash Series 3 provides fast start temperature

and reliable results for determining the Temperature °C or °F °C or °F

flammability of Avtur. The versatility of the Selection:

Series 3 makes it ideal for mobile testing User Interface: Colour LCD display - touch screen Colour LCD display - touch screen
sensitive sensitive
whilst also suitable for product checks
Navigation: Control knob (rotational and Control knob (rotational and
›› Setaflash Series 3 (33000-2)
in-house. push-down) push-down)

A simple user interface and colour digital Data Storage & 1GB internal memory and 1GB internal memory and

display guides the user through the Download: integrated USB port integrated USB port

straightforward testing process, minimising Fuel Supply: Integrated gas tank (removable) Integrated gas tank (removable)

the need for operator skill or expertise. Sample Size: 2ml or 4ml 2ml or 4ml

Ramp mode allows standard testing in Pressure Automatic barometric correction Automatic barometric correction
accordance with ASTM D7236.
Tests require only a 2ml sample and take no more than 1 minute to complete, enabling laboratories to
maximise operability whilst reduce cost and waste per test.

Setaflash Series 3 Activecool (33200-2)

ASTM D3828; ASTM D7236; IP 523; ISO 3679

• Rapid equilibrium (flash / no flash)

• Ramp mode
• Sub-Ambient Tests and Rapid Cool Down
• Temperature range 10 to 130°C
• Corrosion Resistant option
• 2/4ml Sample Size
• Electronic heating and cooling

View a demo video online: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/setaflash.html

›› Setaflash Series 3 Activecool (33200-2)

Setaflash Series 8 Activecool Closed Cup Tester (82100-0)

ASTM D3828; IP 523; ISO 3679

• Rapid equilibrium (flash / no flash)

• Ramp mode
• Temperature range of -20 to 130°C
• Small sample size, 2 or 4ml
• Corrosion Resistant cup option
• Electric ignitor (with gas option)
• Automatic dipping and flash detection
• ActiveCool electronic Peltier cooling
• 64 Test memory & RS232 interface
• °C or °F temperature display
• Barometric pressure correction

The Setaflash Series 8 ‘ActiveCool’ is an automated closed cup flash point tester with a
temperature range of 10 to 130°C (50 to 266°F) with no external cooling required. When
connected to a suitable chilled water supply, the range is extended down to -20°C (-4°F).

›› Setaflash Series 8 (82100-0)

There are two modes of operation; flash/no flash and ramp. The ramp mode increases the
sample temperature at a rate of 2°C/min and automatically dips the ignitor every 1°C up to
100°C (every 2°C above 100°C), until either a flash is detected or the end of test temperature
is reached.
View a demo video online: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/setaflash.html

6 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK
t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration
PM-93 Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Flash Point Tester (35000-0)
ASTM D93 Procedures A, B and C

IP 34 Procedures A, B and C

ISO 2719 Procedures A, B and C

• Strict conformance to international test methods

• Temperature range ambient +5 to 400°C
• Easy ‘3-step to test’ operation involving minimal operator intervention
• Unique ‘SafeFlash’ fire extinguishing system
• Large touch screen
• Single action lifting pod
• Small, compact footprint
• Seta ‘Ignite’ - robust and long lasting ignitor
• 30 programmable test profiles, test methods & sample names
• Rapid fan assisted cooling
• Optional barcode reader available

The Seta PM-93 is a fully automated Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Flash Point
Tester which combines strict method conformance with state of the art
control technology and safety systems to provide the next generation of
automated precision flash point instruments.
Seta PM-93 provides rapid sample testing using integral heating and
forced air sample cooling systems. An intuitive user menu and 8.4”
(215mm) SVGA colour touch screen operation provide unrivalled
ease of use with real time display of test progress. Large capacity
memory allows storage of test profiles, operator names, test
methods and in excess of 2000 results.
Unique test profiles enable the test to be set up and repeated
quickly without re-entering the same information. For
example, if numerous ‘jet’ samples with similar expected
flash points are being tested then a test profile can be
set up and stored to memory so the user can select this
option without the need to program the test parameters.
Operation is simple, just a single raising or lowering action
when loading or removing the test cup. The lid and shutter
are integral to a hinged pod and fitted with a fire detection
probe, fire extinguishing manifold, ignitor, flash detector and
temperature probe. The stirrer drive, shutter actuator and
ignitor dipping mechanism are also self contained within the
pod module. ›› PM-93 (35000-0)
A unique alignment design ensures that the lid and cup locate
perfectly every time.
The ignition source is a purpose-designed extended life hot wire, a gas ignition
option is also included. The sample temperature probe is a class A PRT and flash
detection is by a thermocouple.
An optional, unique ‘SafeFlash’ fire extinguishing system (35002-0) is available which
automatically and immediately activates an extinguisher in the event of excess flame
or fire around the test cup. If discharged the screen prompts the user to re-activate the
extinguisher by simply replacing the integral inert gas canister. Canisters remain sealed
inside the instrument until pierced by the actuator mechanism.
Additional safety features include PRT checks, safety dip before starting, over-
temperature cut out, gas flame relight and gas shut off.
Rapid turnaround between tests is achieved using a high capacity cooling fan and
optimised air flow.
A password protected ‘calibration’ mode quickly allows verification of instrument
performance (a suitable range of traceable verification and calibration materials are
available from Seta).
Cleaning & maintenance procedures are simple. The instrument’s lid and shutter can be
cleaned in-situ to minimise down time between tests and a quick release mechanism
allows easy access to the lid and shutter for maintenance.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/seta-pm-93-pensky-martens-flash-point-tester
View a demo video online: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/pm-93-flashpoint-video.html

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 77

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Jet Fuel Analysis

Seta Multiflash Tag & Abel Flash Point Module

(34000-0, 34400-0 & 34200-0)

• Highly automated low cost Modular System with in-built safety

• Strict conformity to test methods
• Gas or Electric Ignition
• Temperature in °C or °F

The Seta Multiflash Universal Base can be used with either an Abel or Tag module to
conform precisely to reference test methods.
Multiflash comprises a water/air bath, sample cup and lid, temperature probes, flash
detector, and a DIPS pod (Dipping, Ignition, Pilot, Stirrer) containing the ignitor dipping
mechanism with co-axial gas/electric ignitor, and a stirrer (Abel). Interchanging the
test module is straightforward and completed in just a few minutes, the base unit
recognises that the Abel or Tag module is connected and configures standard test
View Multiflash ABEL: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/2970
View Multiflash TAG: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/2972

›› Multiflash (34000-0 & 34200-0)

Seta Semi-Automatic Tag Flash Point Tester (13220-2)


• Ambient to 93°C
• Variable temperature rise rate
• 500ml bath

The Seta Tag Flash Point tester is equipped with an electrically heated cup. The
controller has the facility to allow the user to vary the rise rate of the temperature.
The test flame can operated from either mains gas or the optional portable gas tank
(13667-0). The stainless steel case has an integral drip tray and bath overflow.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/2972/Seta-Multiflash-Tag-Flash-Point-Module
›› Tag Tester (13220-2)

Seta Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Flash Point Tester (13661-4)


• Ambient to 370°C
• Variable ramp rate
• Two speed stirrer
• Forced air cooling facility

The Pensky-Martens closed cup flash point tester has an electrically heated cup, adjustable
temperature ramp rate and two speed stirrer (for ASTM D93-IP34 Methods A & B).
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/2972/Seta-Pensky-Martens-Closed-Cup-Flash-Point-Tester

›› Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester (13661-4)

88 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration

Handheld Conductivity Meter (99708-0)

ASTM D2624; IP 274; DEF STAN 91-91, ASTM D1655

• High Accuracy AC Measurement (± 1.5% of reading)

• Conductivity and temperature output capability
• Measure in any sample container
• No need to relax fuel
• Calibration kit available
• Stores up to 8 Data Locations
• USB interface for ease of data transfer
• Fully Temperature Compensated Measurement

The Seta D2 Hand Held Conductivity Meter (D2 JF-1A-HH model) meets the
requirements of ASTM D2624. It provides an accurate and rapid conductivity
measurement of distillate fuels; and is specifically designed for testing low conductivity
fluids such as such as aviation kerosene, ULSD, home heating fuel, Naphtha, and
printing ink.
The Meter can measure fuel electrical conductivities between 0 and 2000
picosiemens/meter (pS/m), although it is optimised and normally used in the 0 to 500
pS/m range. ›› Conductivity Meter (99708-0)
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/3963

Conductivity Calibration & Verification Tool (99714-0)

The Calibration & Verification tool fits easily onto the tip of the Handheld Conductivity
Meter for quick and easy calibration or verification of the instrument. It has one switch
to easily alter the range from low value (200 pS/m) to high value (500 pS/m). This
allows the user to verify or calibrate conductivity in the field thus eliminating the costly
requirement of returning the instrument to the factory.
The tool is optimised for AC conductivity measurement with active
components ensuring long term stability and accuracy.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4663/Calibration-Kit-for-Handheld-Conductivity-Meter

›› Calibration Tool (99714-0)

In-Line Conductivity Analysis (99500-0)

ASTM D2624

• High-Accuracy AC measurement technology

• Allows precise control & measurement of SDA Additive Injection
• Can be linked to automatic dosing system
• Local display available
• Connect to standard 4 to 20 mA current loop
• Stainless Steel construction
• Easily fitted and retracted from the pipeline via a retractable mount
• Can be fitted to pipes of various diameters
• ATEX, FM, FMc Certified for Zone 1, Hazardous Areas
• 16 Bar pressure or 100 Bar with the High Pressure Unit.

The In-Line Analyser provides a continuous 24/7 highly accurate record of

product conductivity levels inside the distribution lines. In-Line conductivity
measurement provides significant benefit to operators by offering the ability
to measure conductivity in real time thereby continuous compliance with
conductivity level requirements. It also eliminates the requirement for manual
sampling and record keeping.
Process connection types: ANSI, DIN, NPT or BSP.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4659

›› In-line Conductivity (99500-0)

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 99

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Jet Fuel
Jet Fuel Analysis

Seta Existent Gum Solid Bath (12210-0)

ASTM D381-IP 131; IP 540; ISO 6246

• 5 Test stations
• Suitable for air operation
• Digital temperature control
• 140 to 260°C temperature range
• Flow gauge calibrated for air

A Solid Block Bath designed to carry out up to five simultaneous tests for determining
existent gum content in fuels by the Jet Evaporation method.
The unit comprises a solid block bath with removable taper-fit conical air jet adaptors
with copper screens, and an air flow control valve and gauge. The bath has five test
wells and a thermometer well. Outlets can be individually checked for uniform flow
of air.
The bath has a temperature range of 140 to 260°C, and is controlled by a digital
temperature controller which displays both the set temperature and the actual bath
temperature measured by a probe. The flow of air is adjusted by an inlet control valve
and monitored on a calibrated Bourdon gauge.
An air and steam unit is also available (12200-3)
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/5038

›› Existent Gum Bath (12210-0)

SSAFlab Filtration Kit (19722-0)

ASTM D5452, IP 423

The Seta SSAFlab Filtration Kit is used to determine particulate contamination in

aviation fuels in accordance with ASTM D5425 and IP 423.
The kit comprises 0.45 micron filter, matched weight pair of 0.8 micron filters, stainless
steel filter holder with stainless steel screen, filter forceps, 25mm solvent filtering
dispenser, vacuum filtering flask, petrislide and earth bonding/grounding as specified
in the method.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/3433

›› Filtration Kit (19722-0)

Seta Hydro-Light Water Pad Tester (99709-0)

ASTM D3240

• Fully automatic reader, simple to use

• Reads standard 25mm test pads
• 0-50ppm measurement range
• No maintenance required, longlife LED lightsource
• Highest precision of any instrument available for test method ASTM D3240
• Supplied with calibration standard

The Hydro-Light was adopted into ASTM D3240 in 2009 and provides the most precise
measurement of the 25mm water pads. The instrument is exceptionally easy to use
and provides a result within 30 seconds. The instrument is small and ideally suited for
either portable or lab use, an optional battery pack allows 24 hours of continuous use
between charging cycles. Each instrument is provided with a factory calibrated standard
that enables instant confirmation that the Hydro-Light is working correctly, the same
standard can also be used to calibrate the instrument in the field.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4812
›› Hydro-Light (99709-0)

10 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK
t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration

KV-2 Viscometer Bath (94710-3)

ASTM D445-IP 71; ISO 3104

• Temperature range -40 to +20°C

• High stability ±0.015 at -20°C, ±0.01 at -40°C
• Accommodates up to 2 standard viscometer tubes
• Illuminated bath
• Insulated and heated viewing window
• Heated top plate

The Seta KV-2 is a two place low temperature viscosity bath designed to achieve
ultra-high stability in the temperature range of +20 to -40°C. The instrument has
a small footprint and is ideally suited for busy labs. Stability is better than ±0.015 at
-20°C and ±0.01 at -40°C .
The bath is fully self contained and requires no external chillers or connections. A
heated top plate and viewing window prevent condensation and ice formation, this,
combined with high intensity long life ultra-bright LED lighting ensures clear bath
visibility at all times. Data logging via the external RS-232 port is also possible when
connected to a PC and suitable software.
Each bath is provided with a factory calibration certificate, traceable to UKAS
including temperature traces. Customers can request specific temperature
calibrations and traces if required, ensuring that the product meets their exact
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4872/KV-2-Low-Temperature-Viscometer-Bath

KV-4 Low Temperature Viscosity Bath is also available (94700-3)

Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4860/KV4-Low-Temperature-Viscosity-Bath ›› KV-2 Viscometer Bath (94710-3)

ASTM stability limits ASTM stability limits

ASTM stability limits ASTM stability limits

Stability trace at -20°C. Solid red line shows ASTM stability limits (±0.05°C) Stability trace at -40°C. Solid red line shows ASTM stability limits (±0.05°C)

Kerosene Viscosity Standards

ASTM D445; ISO 3104

• Certified according to ISO 17025 / ISO Guide 34 under UKAS accreditation

• Supplied in 500mL bottle
• Fully traceable to international standards
• Ensures full compliance to ASTM & IP test method protocol
• 2 Year shelf life

Seta Part No. Temperature Kinematic Viscosity mm²/s (cSt)

(nominal value)
99798-0 JF1 -20°C (-4°F) 5.238

99799-0 JF2 -40°C (-40°F) 11.45

›› Viscosity Standards
Kerosene Density CRM (99797-0)
ASTM D1480; ASTM D4052; ISO 365; ISO 12185

• Certified to ASTM D1480 for Density @ 15.0°C

• Supplied in 250mL bottle
• Dual certified in accordance with ISO 17025 and ISO Guide 34 under UKAS accreditation
• All data generated exclusively by UKAS ISO 17025 accredited laboratories
• Fully traceable to international standards

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 11

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Jet Fuel
Jet Fuel Analysis

Copper Corrosion
ASTM D130-IP 154; ISO 2160

• Solid or Liquid baths

• 2, 4 and 9 place options
• Suitable for copper and silver corrosion tests

Seta offer a range of baths suitable for Copper and Silver Corrosion tests.
The 11300-2 model is a compact two place liquid bath which is suitable for both
copper and silver corrosion tests. The bath has a temperature range of ambient
+5 to 120°C, ±0.1°C and comes complete with lids and hooks to suspend the test
vessels during the test.
The 11310-0 model is a compact 4 place solid block bath suitable for both copper
and silver corrosion tests. The solid bath has a temperature range of 50 to 150°C
with stability better than 0.1°C. The bath is supplied with lids and hooks to suspend
the test vessels during the test.
Seta Copper-Silver Corrosion Bath (11300-2)
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4440/Seta-Ag-Cu-Corrosion-Bath
›› Copper-Silver Block Bath (11310-0)
Seta Copper-Silver Block Bath (11310-0) ›› Copper-Silver Corrosion Bath (11300-2)
Shown with optional test vessel, test
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4951/Seta-Copper-Silver-Block-Bath tube holder & temperature probe

Setastill Distillation (11860-3)

ASTM D86; IP 123; ISO 3405

• Ambient to 400°C distillation range

• Adjustable height heater/flask platform
• Toughened glass window
• Cooling fan

The distillation unit, mounted to the left, comprises a flask support mechanism,
heater elements, and the heater controller. The flask is supported by a drop-in
ceramic-glass support board mounted to a platform that is adjustable for height.
The quartz enclosed heating elements are also attached to the platform, and
are powered by a solid-state energy regulator and calibrated control. A cooling
fan is installed in the rear of the distillation unit to reduce cooling time between
The condenser unit is attached to the distillation unit, and may be used with either
a static fill of coolant or a laboratory cooling supply.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/3391/Setastill-Distillation ›› Setastill Distillation (11860-3)

Seta Smoke Point Apparatus (10400-0)

ASTM D1322; IP 57; IP 598; ISO 3014

• Tripod stand, lamp body and chimney

• Viewing window
• Robust construction

The Seta Smoke Point Apparatus determines the smoke point of kerosine and
aviation turbine fuel by measuring the maximum flame height prior to smoke ›› Smoke Point Apparatus (10400-0)
formation and comparing the results with those of known standards. and Mirror (10450-0)

Smoke point gives an indication of aromatic content and radiant heat transfer
characteristics and has good correlation with IP 598 and ASTM D1740
(Luminometer number).
Comprises a tripod stand, lamp body, and chimney. The measuring scale is viewed
through a curved glass window on the front of the instrument. A mirror (10450-0)
can be attached to the chimney to aid smoke detection.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/16/Seta-Smoke-Point-Apparatus

Seta Freezing Point Apparatus (16990-2)

›› Freezing Point Apparatus (16990-2)
ASTM D2386; IP 16

• Detects solid hydrocarbon crystals

• Reference method

Comprises sample tube, paddle, unsilvered flask, cork stopper/thermometer

support, and an insulated metal case with a viewing slot.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/3313/Seta-Freezing-Point-Apparatus

12 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK
t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration
Seta Mobile Test Kits
Seta offer Aviation Fuel Test Kits for rapid detection of contamination in jet aviation fuel. The kits are
designed for use on the apron and at fuel storage facilities allowing users to carry out tests that can
quickly provide a go/no-go decision on aviation fuel quality.
The kits can be easily transported to test sites which have limited or difficult access and are ideally suited
for shipboard use providing both rapid and easy verification of product integrity prior to off-loading.

SSAFPAK Test Kit (86500-2)

Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4139/SSAFPAK-Aviation-Fuel-Contamination-Test-Kit
Fuel Integrity Test Kit (86400-3)
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4695/Fuel-Integrity-Test-Kit


Seta Part No. SSAFPAK Test Kit (86500-2) Fuel Integrity Test Kit (86400-3)

Test Methods: Density - ASTM D7777 Flashpoint - ASTM D3828

Flashpoint - ASTM D3828 Density - ASTM D7777
Contamination Conductivity - ASTM D2624
Conductivity - ASTM D2624 Water Content - Shell Capsule
Water Content - Shell Capsule
Microbial Activity
Case Style: Rugged fitted case Rucksack

Size (HxWxD): 35 x 90 x 80cm 30 x 30 x 30cm

Weight: 12kg 6.5kg

›› SSAFPAK Test Kit (86500-2)

SSAFCON Sampler (16160-2)

ASTM D2276; IP 216

• Filter tests for particle contamination and colour rating of Aviation Fuels
• Eliminates the exposure of fuel during testing
• In-line test - no fuel disposal/waste requirement
• Improves operator safety

SSAFCON is a unique monitoring system for portable line sampling of aviation turbine
fuel to determine particulate contamination and colour ratings. The system was
originally developed in collaboration with a leading aviation fuel producer and is
now used by companies responsible for distributing and uploading aviation fuel on a
worldwide basis.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/774/SSAFCON-Sampler
›› SSAFCON (16160-2)

Seta Multi-Colour Automatic Colorimeter (15260-4)

ASTM D156; ASTM D6045

• Automatic operation
• Multiple colour scales including ASTM and Saybolt
• Rapid measurement < 25 seconds
• Objective colour measurement
• RS232 interface
• Integrated remote calibration

›› Colorimeter (15260-4)
An automated spectrometric colorimeter designed for rapid colour analysis of
petrochemical products.
Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/4164/Seta-Multi-Colour-Automatic-Colorimeter
Multi Test Verification Material

Test Name: Method:

Distillation IBP D86-IP123

Seta Kerosene MTVM (99850-0) Distillation 10% D86-IP123

Distillation 50% D86-IP123

D86-IP 123; EN ISO 3405; IP 170; EN ISO 13736; D2386-IP 16; D1319-IP 156; D1322-IP 57;
Distillation 90% D86-IP123
ISO 1322; D445-IP 71; EN ISO 3104; D3242-IP 354; D3227-IP 342; ISO 3012
Distillation FBP D86-IP123

Multi Test Verification Materials (MTVM) allow routine verification of instrument performance Distillation D86-IP123
and compliance to test methods. The Seta MTVM range is unique in that unlike most other
Distillation Loss D86-IP123
certified reference materials that are only suitable for validating a specific parameters the
Flash Point IP170
MTVM’s enable the user to validate a range of different tests and instrumentation using the
Freezing Point D2386-IP16
same sample material.
Aromatics FIA D1319-IP156
The MTVM material is blended and manufactured in conformance to ISO9001 and EN ISO/ Smoke Point D1322
IEC 17025:2005 (ISO Guide 25 and EN 45001). The certified values are the mean results Kin Vis -20C IP71
obtained by a statistically significant number of participating laboratories. Each MTVM is Acid Number IP354
500ml and has a shelf life of 18 months. Mercaptans IP342/D3227

Visit: www.stanhope-seta.co.uk/2112 Density at 15°C IP365 ›› Kerosene MTVM (99850-0)

Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK 13

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Jet Fuel Analysis

Seta Twin Column Adsorption Apparatus (14060-0)

ASTM D1319-IP 156; BIS IS 1448 Part 23; BS 2000 Part 156; FTM 791 3703; ISO 3837

• Determines volume % of saturates, olefins and

aromatics in petroleum fractions
• Analyses 2 samples simultaneously

Measuring Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption in Liquid Petroleum Products, the Seta Twin ›› Adsorption Columns and component parts
Column Adsorption Apparatus is a wall mounted system that comprises a control box,
measuring scales with slide markers, mounting clips for two columns and a 365mm UV
›› Twin Column Adsorption Apparatus (14060-0)
light mounted vertically to optimise fluorescence when viewing boundaries and saturates
zones. Separate pressure gauges and valves provide individual pressure control to each

Multi-Level Sampler (14858-0)

• Suitable for true spot samples
• 1 litre
• Stainless Steel
• Snatch cord opening
• Valve latches open
• Top Hat prevents sample contamination
Opened at the required depth by a top opening snatch valve which is fitted with a ‘top
hat’ to prevent contamination by higher level samples streaming into the container during ›› Multi Level Sampler (14858-0)

Winder with Depth Counter (14867-0)

A mechanically driven depth counter shows the operator the depth of the sampler at all
times. The design also includes a reduction gear drive between the winding handle and the
reel to assist the lifting and lowering of samples.
Contamination that can occur with ropes and chains is avoided with the stainless steel
cable and the special hook minimises the risk of a sample becoming detached from the
winder. The hook and cable, together with the winder’s earthing strap, ensure electrical
continuity and prevent the build up of static electricity. Equipped with an automatic reel
lock for added safety. ›› Winder with Depth Counter (14867-0)

Portable Density Measurement Kit (12600-0)

IP 559; ASTM D7777

• 0 to 3g/cm3 range
• Single hand operation
• Density and SG measurements
• Explosion proof - Ex II 2 G EEx ib llC T4
• Automatic temperature compensation
• Density standards included in the kit

Via a spring loaded plunger action pump, the oscillating U tube type density meter draws ›› Portable Density Measurement
sample into the measurement chamber. Alternatively, a sample can be introduced by Kit (12600-0)
syringe through the supplied Luer adaptor. The internal seals are manufactured from Kalrez
and are resistant to attack from petrol and similar organic solvents.

Hydrometer Jar (Pack of 5) (12500-0) ›› Hydrometer Jar (12500-0)

Glass hydrometer reading jar with foot, measuring 47 (h) x 6.3 (dia) cm and supplied in
packs of 5.

Jet Fuel Hydrometer (12384-0)

ASTM D1298; ASTM D1665; DEF STAN 91-91; IP 160

A BS718 M50SP hydrometer specifically calibrated for a range of 0.775g/ml to 0.825g/ml @

15°C for measuring the density of jet turbine fuels such as Jet A, Jet A1 and JP-8.
›› Jet Fuel Hydrometer (12384-0)

14 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK
t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk
Laboratory instruments for quality control,
analysis and calibration

Aviation Fuel Test Methods, Product Guidance

Test Method Test description IInstrument Seta Reference

ASTM D56 Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Method Automatic Multiflash, Manual 34000-0, 13220-2

IP 170 ISO 13763 Flash Point by Abel Closed Cup Method Automatic Multiflash, Manual 34000-0, 13032-3

ASTM D86 IP 123 ISO 3405 Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure Manual Distillation 11860-3

ASTM D93 IP 34 ISO 2719 Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method Automatic PM-93, Multiflash, 35000-0, 34000-0,
Manual 13661-4
ASTM D130 IP 154 ISO 2160 Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Corrosion Liquid Baths 11300-0, 11400-7
Copper Strip Test Copper Corrosion Solid block baths 11310-0
ASTM D156 Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Automatic Multi-Colour 15260-4, 15311-2
Chromometer Method)
ASTM D381 IP 540 ISO 6246 Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation Existent Gum Bath 12200-3

ASTM D445 IP 71 ISO 3104 Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids KV-2 Low Temperature Viscometer 94710-3
ASTM D1298 IP 160 Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids Hydrometers Please contact Seta

ASTM D1319 IP 156 Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by FIA Seta FIA Apparatus 14060-0

ASTM D1322 IP 57, IP 598 ISO 3014 Smoke Point of Kerosene Smoke Point Apparatus 10400-0

ASTM D2276 IP 216 Particulate Contaminant in Aviation Fuel by Line Sampling SSAFCON Sampler 16120-2

ASTM D2386 IP 16 Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels Freeze Point Apparatus (reference 16990-2
ASTM D2624 IP 274 Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels Conductivity Meter: Handheld 99708-0
Conductivity: In-line 99500-0
ASTM D3240 Undissolved Water In Aviation Turbine Fuels Hydro-Light Water Pad Tester 99709-0

ASTM D3828 IP 523 ISO 3679 Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Method Series 3 & Series 8 ActiveCool 30000-2, 33000-2,
33200-2, 82100-0
ASTM D5452 IP 423 Particulate contaminant in aviation turbine fuels by SSAFLab Filtration Kit 19722-0
laboratory filtration
ASTM D6045 Color of Petroleum Products by the Automatic Tristimulus Automatic Multi-Colour, Saybolt 15260-4
Method Chromometer
ASTM D6379 IP 436 Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Aviation EvoChrom SA24000-2
Fuels and Petroleum Distillates by HPLC
ASTM D7777 Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Liquid Portable Density Meter 12600-0
Petroleum products
ASTM D7797 IP 583 FAME Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel - Rapid Screening FIJI SA5000-2
IP 565 Cleanliness of aviation turbine fuel by Portable automatic AvCount, AvCount Lite SA1000-0, SA1000-
particle counter 2, SA1800-0
ASTM DXXXX Water separation characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuel by WSI SA9000-0
Small Scale Water Separation Tester

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Jet Fuel Analysis

Aviation Fuel Specifications, Check List Jet A-1, and Guidance Material


(Synthesized Hydrocarbons)

Aromatics ASTM D1319; 6379; ASTM D1319; D6379; ASTM D1319; ASTM D6379; ASTM D1319; ASTM D6379; ASTM D1319; ASTM D6379;
IP 156; 436 IP 436; 156 IP 156; 436 IP 156; 436 IP 156; 436

Colour ASTM D156, D6045 ASTM D156, D6045 ASTM D156, D6045

Corrosion ASTM D130; IP 154 ASTM D130; IP 154 ASTM D130; IP 154 ASTM D130; IP 154 ASTM D130; IP 154

Conductivity ASTM D2624; IP 274 ASTM D2624 ASTM D2624; IP 274 ASTM D2624; IP 274 ASTM D2624; IP 274

Density ASTM D1298; IP 160 ASTM D1298; IP 160 ASTM D1298; IP 160 ASTM D1298; IP 160 ASTM D1298; IP 160

Distillation ASTM D86; IP 123 ASTM D86 ASTM D86; IP 123 ASTM D86; IP 123 ASTM D86; IP 123

Existent Gum ASTM D381; IP 540 ASTM D381; IP 540 ASTM D381; IP 540 ASTM D381; IP 540 ASTM D381; IP 540

FAME ASTM D7797; IP 583 ASTM D7797; IP 583 ASTM D7797; IP 583 ASTM D7797; IP 583 ASTM D7797; IP 583

Flash Point ASTM D3828, D56; ASTM D3828, D56; D93; ASTM D3828, D56; ASTM D3828, D56; ASTM D3828, D56; IP 170;
IP 170; IP 523 IP 170; 523 IP 170; IP 523 IP 170; IP 523 IP 523

Freezing Point ASTM D2386; IP 16 ASTM D2386; IP 16 ASTM D2386; IP 16 ASTM D2386; IP 16 ASTM D2386; IP 16

Sulfur ASTM D1266; IP 107 ASTM D1266 ASTM D1266 ASTM D1266; IP 107 ASTM D1266

Smoke Point ASTM D1322; IP 598; 57 ASTM D1322; IP 57 ASTM D1322; IP 598 ASTM D1322; IP 57 ASTM D1322; IP 57

Particulates (Counts) IP 565 IP 565

Particulates mg/l ASTM D5452; IP 423 ASTM D5452; IP 423 ASTM D5452; IP 423 ASTM D5452; IP 423

Particulates mg/l (delivery) ASTM D2276; IP 216 ASTM D2276; IP 216 ASTM D2276; IP 216

Viscosity ASTM D445; IP 71 ASTM D445; IP 71 ASTM D445; IP 71 ASTM D445; IP 71 ASTM D445; IP 71

* Referee test methods are indicated in bold

16 Stanhope-Seta, London Street, Chertsey, Surrey, KT16 8AP, UK

t: +44 (0) 1932 564391 | e: sales@stanhope-seta.co.uk | www.stanhope-seta.co.uk | Issue 1