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Annealing is a heat treating process used to alleviate stress in a material. When a part is
heated up to a sufficiently high temperature. The material slowly releases its internal stresses.
The parts may be annealed in air, oil or an inert medium. The part must be heated slowly to
avoid any thermal shock which may initiate cracking.
 Typically heat up part at a rate of 50 F/hr up to the desired annealing temperature.
 Allow the part to stay at that temperature until the thickest section of the part is fully
 Slowly cool material at a rate of 30 - 50 F/hr.
 For plate stock, one may place piece between two steel plates to maintain its flatness
during the annealing cycle.
 In addition, to obtain the lowest stress part it is suggested that the part be rough machined
to approximately 80% of its final shape then annealed and finally machined to tolerance.

Annealing Heating
Material Temperature (F) Annealing Time Medium
Nylon 6/6 300-320 15 min per 0.125" air or oil
Nylon 6, 265 - 300 30 min per 0.125" air or oil
Nylon 6/12
PEEK 370 - 390 4 hrs per 0.125" air or oil
Acetal 300 20 min per 0.125" air or oil
Polycarbonate 275 - 290 1 hr per 0.5" air or oil
Noryl 235 1 hr per 0.125" air or oil
Polyetherimide (ULTEM, PEI-7) 390 2 hrs per 0.125" air or oil
PPSU (Radel R5500) 390 2 hrs per 0.125" air or oil

Polysulfone 330 2 hrs per 0.125" air or oil

PVDF 300 20 min per 0.125" air
PBT (Hydex 4101) 320 20 min per 0.125" air or oil
ABS 180 20 min per 0.125" air or oil

Tecafine Polypropylene 170 20 min per 0.125” air or oil

We believe this information is the best currently available on the subject. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and
experience is gained. The Ensinger Company makes no guarantee of results and assumes no obligation of liability whatsoever in
connection with this information. Anyone intending to use recommendations contained in this publication should first satisfy
himself that the recommendations are suitable for his use and meet all appropriate safety and health standards. This publication
is not a license to operate under, or intended to suggest infringement of any existing patents. References to products not of
Ensinger manufacture do not indicate endorsement of named products or unsuitability of other similar products.