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GSM BSS

GBSS15.0

Access Control Feature Parameter


Description

Issue 01
Date 2013-05-06

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2015. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description Contents

Contents

1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1


1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................3
2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature............................................................................................................................................3

3 Principles.........................................................................................................................................4
4 Strategy............................................................................................................................................5
5 Engineering Guidelines...............................................................................................................7
5.1 Deploying Access Control Class (ACC)........................................................................................................................7
5.1.1 Deployment Requirements..........................................................................................................................................7
5.1.2 Activation....................................................................................................................................................................8
5.1.3 Activation Observation................................................................................................................................................9
5.1.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................10

6 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................12
7 Counters........................................................................................................................................19
8 Glossary.........................................................................................................................................20
9 Reference Documents.................................................................................................................21

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1 About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes the GBFD-511002 Access Control Class(ACC) feature, including its
technical principles and engineering guidelines.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:

l Need to understand the features described herein


l Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes, which are defined as follows:

l Feature change
Changes in features of a specific product version
l Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information that was not described in the earlier version

01 (2013-05-06)
This issue does not include any changes.

Draft A (2013-02-27)
Compared with Issue 01 (2012-04-28) of GBSS14.0, Draft A (2013-02-27) of GBSS15.0
includes the following changes.

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change Added descriptions about the None


BSC6910 and eGBTS.
Added 2.2 NEs Supporting
the Feature.

Editorial change Added 5 Engineering None


Guidelines.

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

2 Overview

2.1 Introduction
With the ACC feature, the BSC can control the number of MSs accessing the network at a certain
time by allowing only the MSs of a certain ACC class to access the network. This avoids the
base station subsystem (BSS) overload or mobile switching center (MSC) overload caused by
the simultaneous access of numerous MSs. In addition, the ACC feature uses a sliding window
mechanism to enable the MSs of all ACC classes to access the network. This way, radio services
are available for all MSs, especially in emergencies.

In emergencies such as during natural disasters, the traffic in the network increases sharply. The
traffic may increase to an extent that exceeds the network capacity. In such a case, subscribers
have difficulties in making calls, and the radio network may be down. To resolve this problem,
the ACC feature is introduced. This feature controls the number of MSs that access the network
in emergencies by allowing only the MSs of certain ACC classes to access the network, ensuring
that the radio network works properly.

2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature


Table 2-1 NEs supporting the feature

Feature BSC6900 BSC6910 GBTS eGBTS

Access Control √ √ √ √
Class(ACC)

NOTE

√ indicates that the NE supports this feature. × indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 3 Principles

3 Principles

When registered in a GSM network, an MS is assigned one or more ACC classes. ACC class
consists of common ACC class (classes 0 to 9), emergency call ACC class (class 10), and special
ACC class (classes 11 to 15). Class 10 indicates whether an emergency call is allowed to access
the network but is not configured for an MS. The BSC indicates in the system messages the
access classes of the MSs that are allowed to access the network. The ACC feature uses a window
sliding mechanism to allow only the MSs of a certain ACC class to access the network at a
certain time. The size and speed of the sliding window is specified in the ACCCTRLPY
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter.

There are 16 ACC classes. Class 0 to Class 9 are common classes and are specified for common
voice and data services; Class 10 to emergency; Class 11 to Class 15 are special classes and are
specified for services such as emergency call. Currently, the BSC controls only the access of
MSs of Class 0 to Class 9. The ACC feature is implemented by the MS, BSS, and MSC/VLR
as a joint effort. The principles are as follows:

1. The access class of MSs of special classes is set to a high priority.


2. When an MSC/VLR is excessively overloaded and the access side of the MSC/VLR is
congested, the BSC under the MSC/VLR controls the access of the MSs in certain cells.
Only the MSs having high access priorities and certain MSs of common classes use the
random access channel (RACH) to access the radio network.
3. The BSC broadcasts the class in which MSs are allowed to access a network.
4. The MS matches its class information stored in the SIM card and that in the broadcast
information. If allowed, the MS uses the RACH to access the radio network. Otherwise,
the access of the MS is barred.

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 4 Strategy

4 Strategy

When ACCCTRLEN(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to YES(Yes), the ACC feature is enabled in a


cell. After the feature is enabled, the BSC determines the MSs allowed to access the network by
sending system information (SI) that carries the ACC classes according to the policy specified
by ACCCTRLPY(BSC6900,BSC6910). If the current ACC policy is changed or the MS uses
another policy, the BSC sends SI that carries the ACC classes again.

The value range of ACCINDEX(BSC6900,BSC6910) is 0 to 31. Each control policy is


configured with ACCWPOS(BSC6900,BSC6910), ACCWSIZE(BSC6900,BSC6910), and
ACCWSP(BSC6900,BSC6910). ACCWSP(BSC6900,BSC6910) specifies the sliding speed of
the ACC sliding window, ACCWPOS(BSC6900,BSC6910) specifies the starting point of the
ACC sliding window, and Access Control Window Size specifies the ACC sliding window size
in an access control policy. MSs of the ACC access classes that are specified in the sliding
window are not allowed to access the network. For example, if ACCINDEX
(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to 1, ACCWPOS(BSC6900,BSC6910) to 0, ACCWSIZE
(BSC6900,BSC6910) to 2, and ACCWSP(BSC6900,BSC6910) to 120s, the MSs of Class 0 and
Class 1 are forbidden to access the network during the first period (first 120s); the MSs of Class
2 and Class 3 are forbidden to access the network during the second period (second 120s), and
the MSs of other classes . Figure 4-1 shows the time assignment principle.

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 4 Strategy

Figure 4-1 Assignment of ACC classes by time

The description of Figure 4-1 is as follows:

The sliding window mechanism allows the BSC to send ACC classes based on ACCWSP
(BSC6900,BSC6910) and ACCWSIZE(BSC6900,BSC6910). In this manner, MSs of different
ACC classes can access the radio network and radio services are available for all MSs even in
emergencies.

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

5 Engineering Guidelines

5.1 Deploying Access Control Class (ACC)

5.1.1 Deployment Requirements


Table 5-1 Deployment requirements

Aspect Requirement

Related features None

BSC None

BTS None

GSM networking None

MS MSs and their subscriber identity module (SIM) cards meet


the ACC-related requirements specified by the 3GPP TS
44.018, 3GPP TS 22.011, 3GPP TS 25.304, and 3GPP TS
23.122 protocols.

MSC None

License The license controlling this feature has been activated. For
details on how to activate the license, see License
Management Feature Parameter Description. For details
about license items, see License Control Item Description.

Others None

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

5.1.2 Activation
Using MML Commands
On the BSC LMT, perform the following steps:

Step 1 Run the ADD BSCACCCTRLP command with Access Control Policy Index, Access Control
Window Size, Starting Point of the Access Control Window, and Sliding Speed of the Access
Control Window set as required.
NOTE

A maximum of 32 access control policies can be set. To set multiple access control policies, perform this
step for multiple times.

If an access control policy is enabled and the BSC has sent the system information (SI) to MSs,
the access of the MSs of classes 10 to 15 is not affected by the configuration of the access control
policy.
Step 2 Run the SET GCELLCCBASIC command with Access Control Allowed set to YES(Yes)
and Access Control Policy set to the value of Access Control Policy Index specified in step
1.

----End

MML Command Examples


//Activating Access Control Class (ACC)
ADD BSCACCCTRLP: ACCINDEX=0;
SET GCELLCCBASIC: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, ACCCTRLEN=YES,
ACCCTRLPY=0;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Access Control Class (ACC) feature on the CME, you must perform a single
configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 5-2. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.

----End

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

Table 5-2 Configuring parameters on the CME

SN Managed NE Paramet Parameter Configura


Object (MO) er Name ID ble in
CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 BSCACCCTR BSC6900/BSC6910 Access ACCINDEX Yes


LP Control
NOTE Policy
A maximum of Index
32 access
control Access ACCWSIZE
policies can be Control
set. To set Window
multiple access
Size
control
policies,
Starting ACCWPOS
configure this
MO for
Point of
multiple times. the
If an access Access
control policy Control
is enabled and Window
the BSC has
sent the SI to Sliding ACCWSP
MSs, the Speed of
access of the the
MSs of classes
Access
10 to 15 is not
affected by the Control
configuration Window
of the access
control policy.

2 GCELLCCBA BSC6900/BSC6910 Access ACCCTRLE Yes


SIC Control N
Allowed

Access ACCCTRLP
Control Y
Policy

5.1.3 Activation Observation


On the BSC LMT, perform the following steps:

Step 1 Run the LST GCELLCCBASIC command to query the values of Access Control Allowed
and Access Control Policy.

Expected result: The value of Access Control Allowed is Yes and Access Control Policy is
specified.

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Access Control Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

Step 2 Run the LST BSCACCCTRLP command to query the values of Access Control Window
Size, Starting Point of the Access Control Window, and Sliding Speed of the Access Control
Window.
Expected result: The values of Access Control Window Size, Starting Point of the Access
Control Window, and Sliding Speed of the Access Control Window are the configured ones.
Step 3 Trace radio signaling link (RSL) messages on the Abis interface.
NOTE

The access-control-class field in the RACH Control Parameters information element (IE) is called the ACC
field. The ACC field contains two octets and is 16 bits in length. Each bit indicates a level of SIM users
and its value is 0 or 1. When a bit is 0, the SIM users of the corresponding level are allowed to access the
network. When a bit is 1, the SIM users of the corresponding level are forbidden to access the network.

Expected result: The SI contains the RACH Control Parameters IE, and the value of the bits in
the ACC field of the RACH Control Parameters IE is 1 from the starting point onwards within
the sliding window range.
Step 4 Use an MS to make a call within the period specified in step 1.
Expected result: If the level of the SIM card of the MS falls into the forbidden levels, the MS
cannot access the network. If the level of the SIM card falls into the allowed levels, the MS can
access the network properly.

----End

5.1.4 Deactivation
Using MML Commands
On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLCCBASIC command to disable the ACC feature in a
cell. In this step, set Access Control Allowed to NO(No).

MML Command Examples


//Deactivating Access Control Class (ACC)
SET GCELLCCBASIC: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, ACCCTRLEN=NO;

Using the CME


Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)
Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 5-3. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.

----End

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

Table 5-3 Configuring the parameter on the CME

SN MO NE Parameter Parameter Configura


Name ID ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 GCELLCCB BSC6900/ Access ACCCTRLE Yes


ASIC BSC6910 Control N
Allowed

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

6 Parameters

Table 6-1 Parameter description

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCCTRLPY BSC6900 SET GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


GCELLCCBA Class (ACC) parameter
SIC specifies the
index of the
access control
policy that is
used in a cell.
GUI Value
Range:0~31
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~31
Default
Value:None

ACCCTRLPY BSC6910 SET GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


GCELLCCBA Class (ACC) parameter
SIC specifies the
index of the
access control
policy that is
used in a cell.
GUI Value
Range:0~31
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~31
Default
Value:None

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCCTRLEN BSC6900 SET GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


GCELLCCBA Class (ACC) parameter
SIC specifies
whether the
access control
function is
enabled in a cell.
When the
function is
enabled, the
BSC determines
which MSs in
the cell to be
connected to the
network by
sending the
ACC classes
through system
messages
according to the
specified policy
in Access
Control Policy.
GUI Value
Range:NO(No),
YES(Yes)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:NO(No)

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCCTRLEN BSC6910 SET GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


GCELLCCBA Class (ACC) parameter
SIC specifies
whether the
access control
function is
enabled in a cell.
When the
function is
enabled, the
BSC determines
which MSs in
the cell to be
connected to the
network by
sending the
ACC classes
through system
messages
according to the
specified policy
in Access
Control Policy.
GUI Value
Range:NO(No),
YES(Yes)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:NO(No)

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCINDEX BSC6900 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter
LP specifies the
MOD index of an
BSCACCCTR access control
LP (ACC) policy. It
is used to
RMV identify an ACC
BSCACCCTR policy.
LP
GUI Value
Range:0~31
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~31
Default
Value:None

ACCINDEX BSC6910 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter
LP specifies the
MOD index of an
BSCACCCTR access control
LP (ACC) policy. It
is used to
RMV identify an ACC
BSCACCCTR policy.
LP
GUI Value
Range:0~31
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~31
Default
Value:None

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCWPOS BSC6900 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the starting point
BSCACCCTR of the ACC
LP sliding window
in an access
control policy.
GUI Value
Range:0~9
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~9
Default Value:0

ACCWPOS BSC6910 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the starting point
BSCACCCTR of the ACC
LP sliding window
in an access
control policy.
GUI Value
Range:0~9
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~9
Default Value:0

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCWSIZE BSC6900 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the ACC sliding
BSCACCCTR window size in
LP an access
control policy.
MSs of the ACC
access classes
that are
specified in the
sliding window
are not allowed
to access the
network.
GUI Value
Range:1~10
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:1~10
Default Value:2

ACCWSIZE BSC6910 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the ACC sliding
BSCACCCTR window size in
LP an access
control policy.
MSs of the ACC
access classes
that are
specified in the
sliding window
are not allowed
to access the
network.
GUI Value
Range:1~10
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:1~10
Default Value:2

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Access Control Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ACCWSP BSC6900 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the sliding speed
BSCACCCTR of the ACC
LP sliding window
in an access
control policy.
GUI Value
Range:15~7200
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:15~7200
Default Value:
120

ACCWSP BSC6910 ADD GBFD-511002 Access Control Meaning:This


BSCACCCTR Class (ACC) parameter is
LP used to specify
MOD the sliding speed
BSCACCCTR of the ACC
LP sliding window
in an access
control policy.
GUI Value
Range:15~7200
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:15~7200
Default Value:
120

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GSM BSS
Access Control Feature Parameter Description 7 Counters

7 Counters

There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

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Access Control Feature Parameter Description 8 Glossary

8 Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see the Glossary.

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Access Control Feature Parameter Description 9 Reference Documents

9 Reference Documents

There are no specific reference documents associated with this feature.

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