Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 8 12 - 15

Network Approach based Hindi Numeral Recognition

Pooja Singh Prof. Kapil Gupta

MTech Scholar Assistant Professor
Department of Electroniscs and communication Department of Electronics and communication
Oriental College of Technology, Bhopal(M.P.) Oriental College of Technology, Bhopal(M.P.)

ABSTRACT—Handwriting has kept on persevering as a methods for correspondence and recording data in everyday life even with the
presentation of new advancements. The steady improvement of PC apparatuses prompt the necessity of less demanding interface between the
man and the PC. Written by hand character acknowledgment may for example be connected to Postal division acknowledgment, programmed
printed frame securing, or checks perusing. The significance to these applications has prompted extraordinary research for quite a while in the
field of disconnected manually written character acknowledgment. 'Hindi' the national dialect of India (written in Devanagri content) is world's
third most prevalent dialect after Chinese and English. Hindi manually written character acknowledgment has got parcel of utilization in various
fields like postal address perusing, checks perusing electronically. Acknowledgment of written by hand Hindi characters by PC machine is
convoluted errand when contrasted with composed characters, which can be effortlessly perceived by the PC. This paper exhibits a plan to
perceive hindi number numeral with the assistance of neural network.

KEYWORDS- Hindi Numerals, NN, Training, Testing, Images


acknowledgment created by the extending mechanical

Picture This English Character Acknowledgment (CR) has
Difficulties in manually written characters acknowledgment
been broadly considered in the last 50 years and advanced to
lie in the variety and bending of disconnected transcribed
a level, adequate to create innovation driven applications.
Hindi characters since various individuals may utilize
Be that as it may, same isn't the situation for Indian dialects
diverse style of penmanship, and bearing to draw a similar
which are complicat-ed as far as structure and calculations.
state of any Hindi character. This diagram depicts the idea
Advanced record handling is picking up notoriety for
of written by hand dialect, how it is converted into
application to office and library computerization, bank,
distributing houses correspondence innovation, postal Manually written Hindi character are uncertain in nature as
administrations and numerous different zones. With their corners are not generally sharp, lines are not splendidly
regularly expanding prerequisite for office computerization, straight, and bends are not really smooth, not at all like the
it is important to give functional and powerful arrangements. printed character. Besides, Hindi character can be attracted
Devanagri character acknowledgment is winding up diverse sizes and introduction as opposed to penmanship
increasingly vital in the cutting edge world. It helps human which is regularly thought to be composed on a benchmark
facilitate their occupations and take care of more mind in an upright position. Transcribed characters additionally
boggling issues over the couple of past years, the quantities rely on the inclination of the individual who is composing.
of organizations associated with look into on manually Subsequently, a vigorous disconnected Hindi manually
written acknowledgment are expanding persistently. So written acknowledgment framework needs to represent these
Devanagri being the base of numerous Indian dialects ought components. The work that has been done in the zone of
to be given exceptional consideration with the goal that Devanagari content acknowledgment is restricted to just
archive recovery and examination of rich antiquated and characters, no work has been accounted for word, sentence
mod-ern Indian writing can be viably done. Advancement of or the whole record distinguishing proof . This paper
a Character acknowledgment framework for Devanagari is perceived Devanagari numerals in a manually written
troublesome be-cause (I) there are around 350 essential Devanagari bend content utilizing ANN (Fake Neural
changed ("matra") and compound character shapes in the System approach). Fake Neural System (ANN), regularly
content and (ii) the characters in a word are topologically called as neural system (NN), is a scientific model or
associated which isn't in the event of English characters. structure or we can likewise say computational model that is
Here spotlight is on the acknowledgment of disconnected propelled by the practical perspectives and structure of
written by hand Hindi characters that can be utilized as a natural neural systems. Neural systems have been actualized
part of normal applications like bank checks, business effectively in different fields like voice acknowledgment,
shapes, represent ment records, charge handling iris acknowledgment, scent acknowledgment and bunching.
frameworks, postcode acknowledgment, signature They are utilized to tackle convoluted issues. It is an
confirmation, travel permit perusers, disconnected archive exertion in the field to make PCs as savvy as individuals i.e.
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 12 - 15
it influences the PC to act more like an individuals and reply approach for partitioning a content line into three level
"imagine a scenario in which questions "to the clients. zones is utilized for simpler acknowledgment system. From
ANNs are being utilized as a part of an immense space of zonal data and shape qualities, the essential, altered and
example acknowledgment, one of the zones of example compound characters are isolated for the comfort of
acknowledgment is manually written content characterization. Changed and essential characters are
acknowledgment. perceived by an auxiliary component based parallel tree
classifier while the compound characters are perceived by a
A) Preprocessing-In this stage the picture is changed
half breed approach joined with basic and run based layout
over into grayscale and after that twofold picture, at that
highlights. The technique proposed by Chaudhary and
point the picture is made commotion free i.e. evacuating any
Buddy (2004) gives around 96% exactness
undesirable piece of example from the picture, once the
picture is made commotion free it is sent to a normal that
The characters of Hindi Dialect are appeared in
skeletonizes (diminishing) it. In the wake of skeletonizing
Fundamental and far reaching work in Manually written
the picture the pixels required for the acknowledgment are
Hindi Bend Content acknowledgment is done by Sinha and
mapped into a settled size lattice, in our task we have taken
Bansal (1995, 1987, 1990, and 2009). A superb review of
the span of the network as 10*15.
archive picture investigation can likewise be found in
B) After finish of the preprocessing steps the picture is crafted by Govindaraju, Kasturi and Lawrence (2002).
sectioned into singular characters. On account of Hindi
words the Shirorekha of the word must be expelled first and Chandra et al (2006) proposed a framework for the
after that the individual characters are removed. So we built acknowledgment of online written by hand characters for
up a calculation to expel the Shirorekha from every Indian composition frameworks. A written by hand
individual word in the archive. character is spoken to as a succession of strokes whose
highlights are removed and grouped. Bolster Vector
C) Before beginning the acknowledgment procedure Machines (SVM) has been utilized for building the stroke
the neural system was to be prepared with dataset (that we acknowledgment motor. The outcomes have been exhibited
arranged physically for this project).Once the system was
in the wake of testing the framework on Devanagari and
prepared with the datasets, it was prepared to recognize vital
Telugu contents.
part in the understanding of Devanagari words. There are
various requirements on these spatial connections which
Mishra and Rajput (2008) introduced a framework for
portray Devanagari content sythesis sentence structure. At perceiving written by hand Indian Devanagari content. The
the point when the word structure isn't observed to be framework thinks about a written by hand picture as an info,
linguistically right, the images are substituted with their
isolates the lines, words and after that characters well
looking like partners. The image substitution rules are for
ordered and afterward perceives the character utilizing
the most part heuristic in nature.
counterfeit neural system approach, in which Making a
Character Grid and a relating Reasonable System Structure
II. LITERATURE SURVEY is the most critical advance.
An OCR chip away at printed Devanagari content began
in mid 1970s. Among the prior bits of work, a portion of the Verma and Blumenstein (1997) exhibited another canny
endeavors on Devanagari character acknowledgment are division strategy is suggested that might be utilized as a part
finished by Sinha and Mahabala (1979). A syntactic of conjunction with a neural classifier and a straightforward
example investigation framework and its application to dictionary for the acknowledgment of troublesome manually
Devanagari content acknowledgment is examined in his written words.
doctoral postulation. They likewise exhibited a syntactic
example examination framework with an implanted picture
dialect for the acknowledgment of written by hand and III. PROPOSED METHOD
machine printed Devanagari characters. The framework An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is an information
stores basic portrayal for every image of the Devanagari processing structure that is adapted from biological nervous
content regarding natives and their connections. For systems, such as the nervous system, brain. The basic
acknowledgment, an info character is marked and contrasted element of this structure is the new structure of the
it and put away depiction. To expand the precision of the information processing system. It consists of many highly
framework and decrease the computational costs, relevant interconnected information processing elements (neurons)
data in regards to the events of specific natives and their working together to solve specific problems. Just like
mixes and limitations are utilized. They likewise exhibited people, ANNs learn by example. An ANN is trained for a
how the spatial relationship among the constituent images of specific application, such as pattern recognition or data
Devanagari content plays a them. Whenever at least two classification, by learning process. In a biological system
characters are consolidated to frame a word in Devanagari, learning means adjusting the synaptic connections between
the characters in the word typically produce a long queue, the neurons. The same is done in ANN.A biological neural
called head-line. Division of characters from words ends up network is made up of a group of chemically connected
troublesome as a result of this head-line. Here, a components or functionally associated neurons. A single
straightforward head-line erasure approach is utilized to neuron is connected to many other neurons and there may be
section the characters for the word. Additionally, a basic
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 12 - 15
a large number of neurons or connections. Connections The real target of clamor expulsion is to evacuate any
between the neurons, called synapses, are formed from undesirable piece designs, which don't have any importance
axons to dendrites. The structure and functioning of neural in the yield.
networks are extremely complex. Artificial intelligence and
Skeletonizationis likewise called diminishing.
algorithms associated with
can create its own organization or representation of the Skeletonization alludes to the way toward diminishing the
information which receives during learning time. width of a line like protest from numerous pixels wide to
Real time functions: All the ANN calculations may be simply single pixel. It likewise decreases the memory space
carried simultaneously, and special hardware devices are required for putting away the data about the info characters
being designed and manufactured which take up advantage and no uncertainty, this procedure lessens the preparing time
of this capability of ANN. as well.
Fault tolerance by redundant information coding: If there is
Contour smoothing
partial destruction in the neural network, the entire
functioning does not stops but instead it continues to work The target of shape smoothing is to smooth forms of broken
with a bit low performance. and additionally boisterous skewness input characters.
Component of a neuron is shown in Fig. 1. and its synapse is Skewness -Skewness alludes to the tilt in the bitmapped
shown in Fig. 2. picture of the checked paper for character acknowledgment
framework. It is normally caused if the paper isn't bolstered
straight into the scanner. The vast majority of the character
acknowledgment calculations are delicate to the introduction
(or skew) of the information archive picture, making it
important to create calculations which can distinguish and
redress the skew consequently.
Fig. 1. Components of a neuron

Fig. 2. The synapse

In ANN we first try to take out the essential features neurons

for recognizing and their interconnections. We then program
a computer or write algorithm to simulate these features. But
since our knowledge of neurons is incomplete and our
computing power is also limited, our models are only close a
to the model of real networks.
Fig 4. Rectangular box shows the results of number recognise from the
given image, and selected part.

Fig. 3. Block Diagram showing different phases of offline character

Pre-handling is the methods for smoothing, upgrading,
Sifting, tidying up a computerized picture. Diverse
information Pre-preparing strategies are clarified
Record picture binarization (thresholding) alludes to the
transformation of a dark scale picture into a double picture.
Two classifications of thresholding:
Fig 5. Result 1
Noise removal
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 12 - 15
and Cybernetics, Vancouver, Canada, Oct 22-25,1995, pp
1621 - 1626.
[6] Bansal, V. and Sinha, R.M.K., 2009(a), Integrating
Knowledge Sources in Devanagari Text Recognition
System”, Technical Report, I.I.T. Kanpur, India, pp 97-
[7] Bansal, V. and Sinha, R.M.K.,1997(b), On Automating
Trainer For Construction of Prototypes for Devanagari
Text Recognition, Technical Report, I.I.T. Kanpur, India,
pp 95-232.
[8] Bansal, V. and Sinha, R.M.K., 1997(c), Partitioning and
Searching Dictionary for Correction of Optically-Read
Devanagari Character Strings, Technical Report, I.I.T.
Kanpur, India, pp 97-246.
[9] Bansal V. and Sinha, R.M.K., 1997(d), Segmentation of
Fig 6. Result 2 touching and fused Devanagari characters,
Technical Report, TRCS, I.I.T. Kanpur, India, pp 97-247.
[10] Bansal V and Sinha, R. M. K., 1996, Designing a Front
V. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE End OCR System for Indian Scripts for Machine
Disconnected written by hand Hindi character Translation - A Case Study for Devanagari, Symposium on
acknowledgment is an unpredictable too troublesome issue, Machine Aids for Translation and Communication
not just as a result of the varieties in human penmanship, yet (SMATAC-96), New Delhi, India
in addition, due to the covered and joined characters as in [11] Bin, Yong, Z.L and Shao-Wei, X., 2000, Support Vector
Hindi. Acknowledgment approaches intensely rely upon the Machine and Its Application In Handwritten Numeral
idea of the information to be perceived. Since manually Recognition, Preceedings of the 15th Int. conf. on Pattern
written Hindi characters could be of different shapes and Recognition, Barcelona,Spain,Sept 3-8,2000, pp 720-723.
size, the acknowledgment procedure should be much [12] Blumenstein, M. and Verma B., 1998, “An Artificial
productive and precise to perceive the characters composed Neural Network Based Segmentation Algorithm for Off-
by various clients. This paper proposes a system of applying line Handwriting Recognition”, International Conference
Spiral Premise Capacity for manually written Devnagri on Computational Intelligence and Multimedia
numeral acknowledgment. Since the database isn't all Applications flCCAL4 ’98), Melbourne, Australia.
around accessible, right off the bat we made the database, [13] Blumenstein, M. and B. Verma, 1999, A New
and after that by the utilization of Key Segment Segmentation Algorithm for Handwritten Word
Investigation we removed the highlights of each picture. At Recognition”, IEEE conference of IJCNN’99, Washington,
the shrouded layer, focuses are resolved and the weights U.S.A, Vol. 4, pp 2893-2898.
between the concealed layer and the yield layer. [14] Brown, Eric W., 1992, Character Recognition by Feature
Point Extraction, Northeastern University internal paper.
[15] Burges, C. J. C., 1998, A tutorial on support vector
machines for pattern recognition, DataMining and
[1] Parul Sahare1 and Sanjay B. Dhok1 “Multilingual
Knowledge Discovery, Data Mining and Knowledge
Character Segmentation and Recognition Schemes for
Discovery, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp 121-167.
Indian Document Images” Digital Object Identifier
[16] Casey, R. G. and Lecolinet, E., 1996, A survey of Methods
and Strategies in Character Segmentation , IEEE
[2] Bahlmann , Burkhardt , H. and Haasdonk, C.B., 2014,
Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine
Online Handwriting Recognition With Support Vector
Intelligence, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp 690-706.
Machine- A Kernel Approach, IEEE Transaction on
[17] Chandra Sekhar, C., Jayaraman Anitha, Srinivasa
Pattern Analysis Machine Intelligence,Vol. 26,Issue 3, pp
Chakravarthy , Swethalakshmi V. H.,2006, Online
Handwritten Character Recognition of Devanagari and
[3] Bajaj, R., Chaudhary, S. and Dey, L., 2012 ,Devanagari
Telugu Characters using Support Vector Machines, Tenth
numeral recognition by combining decision of multiple
International workshop on Frontiers in handwriting
connectionist classifiers, Sadhna Vol.27, Part 1, pp 59-72.
recognition, 6 October 2006.
[4] Bansal, V. and Sinha, R.M.K., 1999, On how to describe
[18] Chatterjee, B. and Sethi, I.K.,1976, Machine recognition of
shapes of Devanagari characters and use them for
hand printed Devanagari Numerals, Journal of Institution
recognition, Proceedings of the 5th Int. Conference on
of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, vol. 22
Document Analysis and Recognition, Bangalore, India, pp
Issue 1, pp 532- 535.
[5] Bansal, V. and Sinha, R.M.K., 2010, On Devanagari
Document Processing, Int. Conference on Systems, Man

IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org