Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 64

ACICO Instructions Manual



Masonry by
ACICO Blocks
and ACICO Lintels

A technical information manual of the ACICO

plant in Saudi Arabia published by ACICO
Saudi Arabia.

Reproduction, whether wholly or in part,

only with the consent of the publisher.

All advice provided in our publications is accurate

to the best of our knowledge and belief and in
accordance with the latest state of the art in AAC
application engineering ongoing to press. Since the
use of structural elements of autoclaved aerated
concrete is subject to DIN standard specifications and
official approval, which are subject to change, the cited
data are not legally binding.


Phone: 03-3580506 - Fax: 03-3580507 - Universal Access Number: 920025655
table of conents

1. Introduction
1.1 Background 4
1.2 ACICO Plant 5
1.3 Production 6

2. ACICO Masonry
2.1 ACICO Blocks 8
2.2 ACICO Partition Blocks 12
2.3 Permissible infill Area 14
2.4 Special ACICO Blocks 16
2.5 Thin-bed Mortar 18
2.6 Tools for ACICO Blocks 19
2.7 Typical Details 20

3. ACICO Lintels
3.1 General information 27
3.2 Standard ACICO Lintels 28
3.3 Nonstandard Lintels 29
3.4 Erection 30
3.5 Typical Details 31

4. Follow up work
4.1 Definition 34
4.2 Conduits and Recesses 35
4.3 Plaster Work 36
4.4 Openings’ Frames 39
4.5 Tiling Work 40
4.6 Cladding Work 42
4.7 Fastening 46

5. A.A.C. Properties
5.1 Thermal Insulation 49
5.2 Heat Storage and Cooling 52
5.3 Diffusion Behavior 54
5.4 Fire Resistance 55
5.5 Sound Insulation 56

6. A.A.C Advantages
6.1 Construction Advantages 58
6.2 Workability Advantages 60


1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 ACICO Plant
1.3 Production

1. Introduction 1.1 Background

As far back as the end of the past

century, methods were known for
making building blocks from the
natural raw materials quartz sand
and lime. At the turn of the century
Although aerated concrete was
that method was improved by
already made at the beginning of
steam curing.
the present century, only further
This, in turn, was the starting improvements in the production
point for a further developed process resulted in the aerated
building material containing a large concrete of our present day. In
proportion of air spaces-aerated this connection, an important role
concrete. The generic term “aerated was played by Joseph ACICO. By
concrete”, which was coined a very decisive innovations he succeeded
long time ago, is a concept which no in giving aerated concrete entirely
longer does justice to the present new functions, thus laying the
ACICO building material, because foundation for the development
the gas (hydrogen) generated during of the building material aerated
the gas-forming process evaporates concrete is to complete ACICO
even before steam-curing. construction system - with ACICO
Structural elements for roofs,
A characteristic of concrete is the
floors and walls and ACICO blocks
cementation of aggregate grains by
for a great diversity of possible
the cementing material. In the case
applications in commercial,
of ACICO building material, the very
industrial, municipal and housing
finely ground quartz sand is partly
dissolved into a gel-like state so
that quartz grains can combine with All ACICO products, however,
each other. In the autoclave, the have one thing in common in every
material is transformed into a solid buidling constructed with ACICO
calcium silicate in which millions of structural elements they ensure
air spaces are dispersed. Cellular a healthy working environment
silicate would therefore undoubtedly from the standpoint of biology and
be a more aptdesignation. architectural physics.

1. Introduction 1.2 ACICO Plant

Since the beginning of 1994, The Saudi Arabia plant produces:

Aerated Concrete Industries Co.
- non-reinforced building materials
(ACICO) has been producing AAC
(blocks, jumbos) in different
(autoclaved aerated concrete)
ACICO building materials in a
new plant in Saudi Arabia which - reinforced building materials (wall
is equipped with the most modern panels, slabs, lintels and stairs).
production technology. ACICO - supplementary products (thinbed
International, Germany has more mortar, plaster and repair
than 50 years of experience in mortar).
the production and use of building
materials. ACICO, Saudi Arabia The building material is of excellent
belongs to them. With more than 45 quality, having:
licensed plants all over the world the - the best thermal insulation of all
company is a leading producer of solid building materials.
building materials.
- high acoustical insulation.
- non-combustible and highluy fire
resistant properties.
ACICO is a Saudi company - light weight and can be easy
producing ACICO building materials handled.
of excellent quality for local and
foreign markets. - economical finishing works (tiles,
plaster, electrical work, etc.)

1. Introduction 1.3 Production

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) The reaction between aluminium

is made by a patented process and lime evolves hydrogen gas
from the raw materials quartz-sand, which causes an expanding process
cement and lime. forming millions of tiny air pores.
Only air remains in the pores.
It is a building material of the light-
weight concrete category. The raw After a few hours the raw blocks are
materials are mixed with water and machine-cut with high accuracy to
a trace of aluminium is added and form the various ACICO elements.
then cast into big moulds. The elements are then steam-cured
in autoclaves.

Raw Materials Reinforcing

Sand Grinding Mill Cutting to length

Lime Cement Meeh and Beeket Welding


Expanding Immersion
Agent Water
Corrosion Protection






Auto Clave



2 ACICO Masonry
2.1 ACICO Blocks
b-Dimensional Data
c-Characteristics Data
d-Block Laying
2.2 ACICO Partition Blocks
b-Dimensional Data
c-Characteristics Data
d-Block Laying
2.3 Permissible infill Area
a-External Walls
b-Internal Walls
2.4 Special ACICO Blocks
b-L&U Blocks
c-Blocks for Ribbed Slabs
d-Practical Applications
2.5 Thin-bed Mortar
2.6 Tools for ACICO Blocks
2.7 Typical Details
a-Bonding Details
b-ACICO Masonry with Concrete Skeleton
c-Bath Room Detail


2.1.a General the tried and proven, conventional

masonry technique. Laying by the
ACICO blocks are suitable for
thin-bed mortar method results
load bearing and non-load bearing
in a particularly high quality wall-
walls. ACICO blocks are delivered
structure with uniform thermal
ready for use and packed in easily
insulation, without heat bridges in
transportable wooden pallets. The
the joints and especially with plane
pallet should be unloaded at the
wall surfaces. A further considerable
site by a construction-site crane,
advantage is the fast completion
forklift truck or other suitable hoisting
of buildings (structure) with short
equipment. Never dump them from
working times.
the truck.
ACICO blocks with tongue and
ACICO blocks are produced to
groove are recommended for
extremely narrow dimensional
rational straight-course laying,
tolerances of ± 1mm. They are
applying thin-bed mortar (glue)
therefore laid by the thin-bed
to the horizontal course joint and
mortar (glue) method. The joint
without mortar in vertical one.
is 1-2 mm thick. ACICO blocks
for infill masonry are the logical
advancement in development of

2.1.b Dimensional Data

Block Dimensions (cm) Packing Units (Pallet)

Volume No. of Masonry
Thickness Length Height 3 2
m Blocks m

10 62.5 25 1.875 120 1.875 without tongue & groove

15 62.5 25 1.875 80 12.5 with tongue & groove
20 62.5 25 2 64 10
25 62.5 25 1.875 48 7.5

1. Delivery on wooden pallets (pallets owned by ACICO).
2. Other dimensions can also be manufactured.
3. These formats are in stock in the strength category G2/05


2.1.c Product Characteristics Data

Strength category G2/04 G2/05 G4/06 G6/07 Units

Dry density (max.) 400 500 700 kg/m3

Thermal conductivity l 0.12 0.13 0.20 w/(mk)

Breaking strength 2.5 2.5 7.5 N/mm2

compressive strength 0.6 0.6 1.4 N/mm2
Design value for dead
load masonry 5 6 8 KN/m3

Standard material in stock is

1Kn =100 kg
DIN 4165

2.1.d Block Laying

The first course should be laid in
cement mortar bed of thickness
about 1 to 3 cm. This course must
be laid correctly for fast building
progress in the following courses.
In all next courses ACICO blocks
are best laid with ACICO thin-bed
mortor (glue).


For mixing the thin-bed mortar with

water, it is best to use ACICO stirrer
driven by a slow-speed drilling
machine. After thorough mixing, the
mortar is ready for use.

First dust and loose particles must

be brushed from the horizontal joint
surfaces. Then apply thin-bed mortar
to the horizontal surfaces with a
suitbale ACICO plane-block trowel of
width equal to block width.

While adjusting the mortar

consistency, make sure that during
application the thin-bed mortar
flows easily through the teeth of
the plane-block trowel over the full
surface. The consistency should be
such that the mortar strands visible
on the horizontal joints after applying
mortar by trowel cannot mingle.
That means the teeth should remain


Bond dimensions must be adhered

to. The vertical joint of the lower
course must be staggered at least
10 cm relative to the vertical joint of
the overlaying course. Now use the
rubber hammer to align accurately
edge to edge and tap firmly into

A few blocks should be removed

randomly immediately after laying to
check whether mortar is spread over
the full surface or not. In summer
season, it is recommended to wet
the block before applying the glue.

Differences of heights in a course

can be adjusted by using plane
board. If these differences are not
more than 2-3 mm adjusting by
thin bed mortar is also possible. All
follow-up work on walls of ACICO
blocks is carried out in the usual
(See Chapter “Follow-up Work”
for further details.)

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.2 ACICO Partition Blocks

2.2.a General
One of the remarkable products of
ACICO is the special dimensional
blocks which are produced for internal
non bearing walls (infill masonry with
full floor height) or even partitions with
less heights.
ACICO blocks are produced in high
quality with the best well balanced
material properties.
This product has a lot of advantages
resulting in economic and fast
constructions, some of these
advantages are:
Light weight, Large size:
- Easy handling
- Less loads for foundation
- High productivity rates
High workability:
- Recesses and grooves for piping
or sockets can be done easily.
- Simple tools are applicable
(manually or using equipments)
Proper dimensions, plane surface:
- Only one plaster coat
- Thin bed mortar can be applied for
bonding and tiling
- No need for plaster before fixing

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.2 ACICO Partition Blocks

2.2.b Dimensional Data

Block Dimensions (cm) Packing Units (Pallet)

Volume No. of Masonry
Thickness Length Height 3 2
m Blocks m

12.5 62.5 50 1.875 48 15.00 with tongue & groove

15 62.5 50 1.875 40 12.50 with tongue & groove

2.2.c Characteristics Data

Strength category G2 G4 Units

Thickness 12.5 15 12.5 15 cm

Dry density 500 500 600 600 Kg/m3

K-Value 0.88 0.75 1.05 0.91 w.(m2k)

Breaking Strength 2.5 2.5 5.0 5.0 N/mm2

Weight 69 83 81 98 Kg/m2

Sound insulation
36 38 37 39 dB
(including plaster)

1Kn =100 kg
Above data is on the basis of DIN
4165 & DIN 4109

2.2.d Block Laying

The same procedures illustrated in
vL joint
2.1.d are applied also to partition
hL joint
blocks. For more stability of internal
non bearing walls and partitions,
ACICO thinbed mortar in thickness
1-2 mm is applied for both vertical
and horizontal joints.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.3 Perimissible Infill Area

2.3.a Permissible Areas for Infill Blocks in External Walls.

h or l
e= > 1
l h

Fixing by anchors and

Permissible infill Masonry Area in m2 above ground

e= h/l or l/h 1 ≥ 2 1 ≥ 2 1 ≥2

Wall Thickness Building Height

cm Zero to 8m 8m to 20m 20m to 100m

15 17 12 11 8 8 5
20 30 21 19 13 13 10
25 37 26 24 17 17 13

e is the value of the larger to the smaller side of the infill area. For side ratios
1.0 < e < 2.0 the permissible max. values of the infill area should be linearly

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.3 Perimissible Infill Area

2.3.b Permissible Areas

for Non Bearing Internal walls (Partitions).
Wall Height

Wall is fixed on 3 sides

by mortar

Wall Length

Wall Height m
Thickness Building
2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.5 <6.00
cm Use
Max. Wall-Length* m
I 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 no
II 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 Application
I 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00
II 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 8.00 8.00
I 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.00
II 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 12.00 12.00

Building use I : Less crowd of people like, Flats, Hotels, Offices, Hospitals.
Building use II : Large crowd of people like, School, Exhibition building,
* Values between can be interpolated.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.4 Special ACICO Blocks

2.2.a General 2.4.c Blocks For Ribbed Slabs

Further to the previous types of ACICO infill blocks are autoclaved
ACICO blocks (standard), ACICO aerated concrete blocks produced in
can produce also some special block various dimensions to form lightweight
types (non-standard). infill between insitu reinforced
concrete ribs, designed to span in one
It is a supplementary product which
or both directions.
is produced only upon request due to
the variety of dimension and shapes The blocks have good bond with
as per construction requirements. concrete ceilings. Infill blocks reduce
the weight of slabs. Services can be
2.4.b L&U Blocks easily fixed to the ACICO-infilling.
This special product from ACICO Openings for vertical pipes and ducts
can be used for different construction can be done by drilling machine.
details and supplements the ACICO The thermal insulation of these blocks
system. is same as that of other ACICO blocks
L and U-blocks make some portion and they are highly fire resistant. For
of construction work easy and ceiling plasterwork, we recommend
avoid shuttering which results in an to place a wire mesh in first plaster-
economically better situation. The coat. The weight of the blocks is
application of L and U-blocks avoids approximately, 480 kg/m3.
the formation of heat bridges.
It also facilitates external wall face
with same material which is most
favourable condition for cladding and
plasterwork etc.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.4 Special ACICO Blocks

2.4.d Practical Applications

ACICO wall
ACICO block L shape
Cement mortar

R.C. Slab

ACICO Internal Plaster

ACICO External Plaster

Horizontal section L &

U-block for ducts
Support for concrete slab

ACICO infill block for ribbed slabs

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.5 Thin-bed Mortar

Prepare ACICO glue in a clean
container (pail, trough) by mixing
the mortar with clean water and
using the ACICO stirrer, driven by
a slow-speed drilling machine. Mix
thoroughly until a homogeneous
creamy paste is obtained. The glue
must flow easily through the teeth of
the plane-block trowel over the full
Prepare the quantity that is enough
for not more than two hours. (in the
summer season for not more than
one hour).

ACICO thin-bed mortar (glue) is an Quantities required per m3

adhesive mortar for quick and firm masonry:
laying of ACICO blocks with thin
joints. For normal block formats 62.5 cm
x 25 cm, approximately 12-13 kg/
It is used to bind ACICO blocks into m3 is needed. For partition wall
masonry with high stability. ACICO block formats 62.5cm x 50cm
glue is manufactured from fine approximately 6-8 kg/m3 is required.
sand, cement and some adhesives, The consumption rate can be easily
resulting in good bonding properties. reached by using block trowel of
The thickness of the joints is 1-2 mm, the right dimension as per the wall
thus preserving the unique thermal- thickness.
insulation qualities.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.6 Tools for ACICO Blocks

To achieve best masonry Quality in less time & cost with the same manpower
ACICO provides the suitable tools for ACICO masonry work.

1. Plane board for levelling any

unevenness in courses.

2. Water level for levelling of blocks. 4.a Electric saw, preferably for big
sites. (Not supplied by ACICO)

3. Stirrer for mixing thin-bed mortar

5. Rubber hammer for driving together

and aligning laid blocks.

4. Widia saw for cutting desired 6. Plane block trowels of various

pieces, projections etc. breadths for applying thin-bed mortar
2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

2.7.a Bonding details A. Connecting by masonry


Typical masonry bonding for ACICO

Standard dimensions 62.5 x 25 for
different thicknesses.

Typical masonry bonding for ACICO

partition wall blocks
62.5 x 50 x thickness.

Typical masonry bonding for ACICO

blocks height 25cm with partition
wall blocks height 50cm.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

B. Connecting by
steel plate
ACICO steel connection is a
stainless steel plate in 30cm length
and 1mm thickness. The width is
3cm having circular holes allowing
glue to pass through it. Also, the
holes facilitate fixing ACICO nails in

The ACICO connection is applied to

connect ACICO blocks each 50cm



2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

C. Wall Bonding for different block heights

1 - ACICO blocks 25cm height

with blocks 20cm height
Two different methods are
applicable for bonding ACICO
blocks with conventional one
20 with 20cm height.
a- By ACICO connection.

Use stainless steel hollow plate


with 1mm thickness in each

50cm height of ACICO blocks.
b- By Angle.
Use galvanized angle or bent
the stainless steel ACICO
connection in each 2nd layer
of conventional blocks. Fix it in

ACICO wall by two ACICO nails


100mm length.

2 - ACICO partition wall block

50cm height with blocks 20cm

Both methods can be applied as


illustrated above.

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

2.7.b Acico masonry, with Cement Cement

concrete skeleton. 1-3cm 1-3cm

R.C. beam
The joints between R.C. elements Cement
R.C. slab
(columns, beams and slabs) and mortar
ACICO blocks should be filled with
cement mortar, all ACICO joints are
filled with thin bed mortar (glue). ACICO block
62.6 x 25 x 20
Thin bed mortar (glue) 1-2 mm partition
62.5 x
50 x 15
For the connection of ACICO
masonry with concrete columns, a Cement
steel connection such as galvanized mortar 1-3cm

angle or ACICO connection must be

applied in each horizontal course. Typical ACICO vertical section

Steel mortar 1-3cm

R.C.column Galvanized steel angle 1-2mm
or ACICO connection steel plate
Typical horizontal section

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

Proposal for saving form work


Adjust blocks in the
desired height - Less shuttering
- Well connection column-masonry
(without steel sheets)
- Proper contact between concrete
Precast ACICO lintel beam & infill (without opened
L x 25 x Th.

ACICO blocks

Cement mortar

Vertical joints, tongue and groove

without glue

2. ACICO MASONRY 2.7 Typical Details

2.7.c Bath Room detail

Concrete slabs

skeleton False
Room for AC Equipments etc.

ACICO Lintel
ACICO slabs th. 10 or 12.5 cm
Lintel supported on int. walls.



ACICO infill

Wall tiles fixed

by cement glue
directly on ACICO walls.
For connection of
water proofing
use thinner
block in the
first course.

Partition blocks
combine with other
ACICO products,
are the best basis
for economic
finishing work.


3 ACICO Lintels
3.1 General Information
3.2 Standard ACICO Lintels
3.3 Nonstandard Lintels
3.4 Erection
3.5 Typical Details

3. ACICO Lintels 3.1 General information

ACICO lintels are available in reinforced ACICO slabs, panels and

various sizes to cover wide range of Standard lintels are designed for
openings for doors, windows etc a minimum 20 cm support at both
ends with a maximum span between
Since they are constructed from the
supports of 200 cm.
same material as ACICO blocks, the
surfaces are easily finished and the
possibility of cracks due to different
thermal expansion is reduced.
ACICO lintels facilitate work on
site, maintain insulation and avoid
thermal bridges caused by the use
of traditional concrete lintels. The
traditional method for preparing
concrete lintels requires much work
such as shuttering, preparing of
reinforcement and it is also much
more time consuming.
ACICO lintels are produced
according to German code DIN
4223. The refinforcement is
anticorrosion protected like other

3. ACICO LINTELS 3.2 Standard ACICO Lintels

ACICO lintels are applicable for typical skeleton structure with infill masonry
for all external and internal walls. The bearing capacity is sufficient to carry the
masonry load (ACICO-or cement blocks) on top of the lintels. In case of high
distributed or concentrated loads check the bearing capacity as mentioned in
the table below.
(100Kg = 1 Kn).

Table for standard ACICO lintels (25 cm height)

Thickness Length Clear span Allowable

cm cm cm Load Kg/m

120 90 1200
150 110 1000

120 90 1400
150 110 1200

120 90 1700

15 150 110 1400

200 150 1100

120 90 2300

150 110 1900

200 150 1400

250 200 1100

120 90 2800

25 150 110 2300

200 150 1700

250 200 1300

Other dimensions can be produced.

3. ACICO Lintels 3.3 Non Standard Lintels

Due to the variant dimensions and

shapes of non standard lintels, it
is produced only upon reasonable
request with maximum height 62.5
cm and maximum length of 600 cm.
This type of lintels can be produced a ≥ 20 cm
in different shapes as shown in
figure. X ≤ 2.50m
L ≤ 6.00m

It is also possible to get different

types of opening shapes in masonry
by using the hand saw.

These shapes are more practical

specially with ACICO partition wall
blocks as per its remarkable height
which is 50 cm.

3. ACICO LINTELS 3.4 Erection

1 - After production, ACICO lintels

are packed and delivered to
sites ready to be installed.
2 - Being light weight products,
ACICO Lintels can be simply
installed using manpower only
without lifting equipments.
For long spans, which are relatively
heavier, lifting equipment is required.
3 - When block work is adjusted to
the proper level, ACICO Lintel
is lifted and supported on the
masonry, then block work can be
continued immediately.
4 - It is recommended to lay ACICO
Lintel in thin bed mortar (glue)
specially with ACICO Blocks,.
The glue thickness is about
1-2 mm, generally cement
mortar can be also used.
5 - Small damage can be repaired
by using ACICO repair mortar (or
cement mortar), but never repair
big damages.
Also, it is not permitted to cut the

3. ACICO Lintels 3.5 Typical Details

Generally, ACICO lintels are applicable with all masonry types.

Thinbed mortar

ACICO lintel 20 Clear span 20


A-ACICO lintel with external or internal ACICO masonry



ACICO lintel


B-ACICO lintel with internal cement masonry

10 5 10
Cement block


ACICO lintel


C-ACICO lintel with external cement masonry

3. ACICO LINTELS 3.5 Typical Details

ACICO Lintel abuts concrete column


Steel angle fixed on ACICO lintel laying on

R.C. column by two steel angle support
HILTI plugs Ø 6 mm with
anchor length 65 mm

External ACICO lintel with cladding

≤ 40 cm

Clear span C.S.

C.S. > 120 cm
Steel angle
90 x 90 x 9

Fisher plug For openings less than 1.20 ms.

GB 10 the steel angle is supported
directly on cladding without
fixing in ACICO lintel.


4 Follow up work
4.1 Definition
4.2 Conduits and Recesses
4.3 Plaster Work
4.4 Openings, Frames
4.5 Tiling Work
a- Internal Work
b- Dimensional Data
4.6 Cladding Work
a- Natural Stone Cladding
b- Sand Lime Bricks Cladding
4.7 Fastening

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.1 Definition

When ACICO masonry work comes Hence the advantages of ACICO

to the end, all successor activities masonry and lintels have a positive
can immediately start as per logical impact on the follow up work,
sequence of work. therefore, cost assessment can’t
be based only on the materials cost
but also must consider the whole
The activities are applied directly finished structure.
to ACICO walls in normal, but fast
way in comparison with other solid
building materials. This will be easily recognized from
the simple and fast way of executing
the follow up work.
The follow-up work, which is
the successor activities, can be
specified as per the following items: In this chapter, ACICO offers the
proper procedures and tools for the
- Conduits and recesses.
best economic and fast work.
- Plaster work.
- Openings’ frames.
- Tiling work.
- Cladding.
- Fastenings.

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.2 Conduits and Recesses

The slots for piping and electrical

works etc. can be done manually
by slot scraper or by electric drill

Slot scraper for conduit slots

For switch and wall socket holes,

wall socket drill with drilling machine
is used.

Wall socket drill for switch and wall socket


For Water supply and drainage

pipes, use L & U blocks (chapter
2, 3) Or create aduct shape during
masonry work
Duct for pipes is created during masonry

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.3 Plaster Work

Masonry has to be protected against

the weather and the external
facial design is also a question of
landscape - compatible construction.
A good plaster can provide weather
protection as good as other types of
cladding, but the cost of plaster work
will be lower.
The plane surface of ACICO Blocks
provides especially good conditions
for single-coat ready made plasters,
which enables considerably more Apply the ready mix plaster by trowel
rational and time saving application
than conventional plasters. ACICO
ready made plaster is prefectly
adapted to ACICO masonry. The
adhesion between wall and plaster
is very good and is also applicable in
extreme climate conditions.
The thickness of the external
ACICO-plaster should be approx.
8 mm and approximate 5 mm for
internal. Fibre mesh, (preferably
galv. wire mesh) should be provided Plane out by a steel or wooden sheet
in areas where movements are
expected due to the interaction of
two different materials (i.e. lintels,
columns, beams, etc.).
Expansion joints should be provided
in areas where big movements
are expected in addition to normal
structural expansion joints.

Use wooden float or steel trowel

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.3 Plaster Work

Int. Plaster
ACICO Blocks can also be finished ACICO block 4-5 mm thick
with conventional double coat Wire or fiber mesh
plaster. But the strength of double-
coat plaster should not be higher
than the compresiive strength of
the ACICO wall material. Thus, we
recommend the proportion of such
Wire or R.C.
plasters as: fiber column
Ext. plaster
- One part cement. Cement mortar

- One part lime. Typical horizontal section

- Five parts sand.

The thickness of the plaster should


not be more than 10 mm. Walls

should be wet properly before

application of conventional plaster. ACICO cover Cement

block styropore mortar

It is recommended, for a good ACICO closure for adjustment tolerance

paint quality, to apply putty before in facades
painting, then, white or desired
R.C. Slab
colors are applicable.


Using ACICO ready-mix plaster R.C. Beam

in the proper way is the base of Wire or Fiber mesh
most economic and time saving
External ACICO Plaster
approach. So, for external plaster
Internal ACICO Plaster
in approximate 10 mm thickness,
consumption rate is about 12-14 Kg/ R.C. Lintel
m2 and approximate 6-7 Kg/m2 for
internal plaster with about 4-5 mm
thickness. Opening

Typical vertical section

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.3 Plaster Work

R.C. Slab
Properties of Ext. Plaster
External plaster has to be more than
look great. It has to perform under
toughest climate conditions.
ACICO Closure This can be easily achieved by
Wire or Fiber mesh using:
External Plaster
– A single type of plaster
Internal Plaster 4-5 mm
– The proper plaster material
ACICO Lintel – Plaster has approximately the
same compressive strength as
for masonry.
Opening Using ACICO blocks as infill
masonry or bearing wall with
typical R.C. skeleton became more
common and familiar, especially for
external walls. ACICO offers some
typical details for proper external
Styropore plaster work showing also the
ACICO bearing wall covering block (closure) which have
some advantages:
Typical vertical section – Same material of masonry
without recess in slab
or beam level – Reducing heat bridges
– Improving thermal insulation
Plaster – Adjusting Recesses of R.C.
beams or slabs.

ACICO bearing wall

Ext. plaster with recess

at slab level

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.4 Openings’ Frames

Wooden and metal frames can be easily fixed on ACICO masonry. Further
than traditional method illustrated below ACICO also provides the ACICO steel
connection as a good tool for fixing frames.

ACICO wall ACICO nail 100mm

Fixing by Plastic Plugs:
– Set and take alignment of the
frame .
– Drill a hole through the frame
only, but the hole in the wall by
hammer and bolt (steel bar) to
Plastic plug Frame
have a correct and compacted
– Set the plastic plug & fix the
frame by a suitable screw.

Fixing by ACICO Steel

ACICO nail
– Fix the sheet by screws on the
frame (3 sheets on each side).
– Set the frame and take the
– Bend the sheet ends to the wall,
Connection fix it by ACICO nails.
steel sheet
– Cover the fixing points by

For heavy frames, use fisher plugs

GB 10 or GB 14.

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.5 Tiling Work

4.5.a Internal Tiling – Uniform quality of industrially

manufactured and ready-to-use
Unevenness surface of masonry
is a bad condition for tiling work.
Therefore, plaster is applied to have – No extra expenditure for mortar
plane surface for proper alignment material, mixer and labour.
of tiles by commercial cement glue.
One of the remarkable advantages
of ACICO walls is the plane surface Unevene
due to the height quality of ACICO surface

blocks and thin-bed mortar bonding Plane

method which is illustrated in surface

chapter 2.
Tiles Tiles
on glue on glue
This advantage, allows tiling work and
on ACICO wall by thin-bed (cement- plaster
glue) method immediately without
plaster work. Only, probable uneven ACICO wall Conventional wall
spots can be somoothened by a
sand paper and wall surfaces must
be brushed off with a hard brush
before applying the cement glue.
Also, it is not necessary to wet
ACICO wall before applying the
cement glue.
The cement glue method is ideal
for ACICO walls and results in
remarkable advantages:
– It is simple and saves time.
– The tiles are merely pressed into
place and aligned.
– All tiles are seated over
their entire area on the

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.5 Tiling Work

4.5.b. External Tiling

Performance under tough
climate conditions, temperature
difference, movements and Cement Mortar
adequate bonding between
external tiles and masonry is vital
factor of laying external ceramic R.C. S.
tiles. ACICO

The same bonding (cement glue) Styropar

method as per internal tiling Ceramic

work is also recommended for ACICO wall
external one, but its not preferred
to fill the joints between tiles.
Therefore, tiles can expand
through these joints which work
as expansion joints.
Whenever, joints should be filled
with cement mortar, expansion
Joint without
joints, filled with flexible material Mortar
filler should be applied in each Ceramic Tiles
fixed by special
2m2 of tiles. Further to cement adhesive
glue method, it is also possible
to use thick-bed cement mortar Acrylic painting
with a mechanical connection
between ACICO wall and mortar.
Typical vertical detail for
ceramic tiles with visible
slab thickness

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.6 Cladding Work

4.6.a Natural stone cladding (Exterior)

Supported cladding fixed by ACICO nails

Natural stone

Galvanized ACICO nail

100mm min. 4 nails/m2

Wet the masonry and apply

spattering by cement mortar.
Filling with lime-cement

ACICO ready mix plaster

Support on Short groove in vertical joints
cantilever slabs of natural stone filled by
Cladding fixed by fischer plugs Epoxy glue

Natural stone

Fisher plug GB 10, perm.Load 30 kg

(Hole by hammer & bolt)
Threaded bold 90x8 mm
fixing steel galvanized
ACICO ready mix plaster

cm 1.5-3.5

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.6 Cladding Work

Cladding fixed by mortar-plugs

Natural stone

Cement-lime mortar
3 6

Hole by socket drill wetted and filled by mortar

(1 part glue + 1 part cement mortar)

Groove for Epoxy - fixed wire

10 cm

Ø 6 mm

Permitted load = 90 kg

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.6 Cladding Work

Cladding Fixed by Stainless-Steel Anchors

Natural stone

9 3

Hole by socket drill 5 cm


wetted & filled by cement

mortar or quick setting

Kremo stainless-steel
anchor perm. vert. Load-50 kg.

ACICO ready mix plaster

Cladding fixed by Anchor channels

Natural stone
Hole Ø 5 cm by socket drill

Fixing steels

Anchor channels
fixed with threaded
bolts Ø 8mm
throught the
ACICO wall

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.6 Cladding Work

4.6.b Sand Lime brick Cladding

Anchoring Sand Lime Bricks

The anchoring must be calculated for 20kg/m2 horizontal loads

A. Butterfly Wires
Permitted load per wire = 10kg.
By spacing like sketch are 3
Tension load/wire = approx. 7 kg

B. ACICO Connection Steel Plate

(Stainless-steel) Permitted load per
plate = 15 kg.
By spacing like sketch are 3 plates/m
Tension load/plate = approx. 7 kg

C. Galvanized ACICO Nail

Permitted load per nail 100mm = 7 kg
Number of nails ≥ 4 /m2
Tension load/nail = approx. 5 kg

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.7 Fastenings

There is hardly any other mineral building material with which anchorings and
fastening can be carried out so simple as with ACICO material. But it should be
done as mentioned below:

(for anchoring lighter loads)
Normal nails are unsuitable except
for very light loads like pictures etc.
ACICO supplies conical, galvanized,
square nails (GB nails) in different
lengths for proper fixing of small
loads, wooden or steel strips, etc.

Practically all types of commercial
plastic plugs are suitable but ACICO
also supplies special plastic plugs
(Fisher GB) for anchoring relatively
heavier loads. But in all cases holes
should not be made by electric drill.
Hammer should be used to make
the hole by hammering round steel
bolt or an awl of the same diameter
as the plug. By hammering, material
compaction and a correct hole-
diameter can be achieved to get
higher frictional value.

Threaded bolts
Heavy point loads can be fixed with
threaded galvanized bolts as shown
in figure. Electrical drill should be
used for this case.

4. FOLLOW UP WORK 4.7 Fastenings

ACICO partition
acico nail
wall 15 cm

ACICO nail
Fisher plug
Fisher plug

Ceramic fixed
directly on
acico wall

Permissible load for fixing materials

Fixing material Remarks
Load (Kg)

Normal nail -

ACICO AAC-nail 100 mm 7

ACICO AAC-nail 150 mm 12

Fischer plastic plug S10 30

Fischer plastic plug S14 40 hole by hammer and bolt

Thread bolt Ø 8 mm 100 hole by hammer and bolt

Thread bolt Ø 10 mm 200


5 A.A.C. Properties
5.1 Thermal Insulation
a- Thermal Conductivity
b- Thermal Resistivity
c- Heat Transmission Coefficient
d- Thermal Insulation
5.2 Heat Storage and Cooling
a- Heat Penetration Coefficient
b- Cooling Behaviour
c- Summer Heat Insulation
5.3 Diffusion Behaviour
5.4 Fire Resistance
5.5 Sound Insulation

5. properties 5.1 Thermal insulation

ACICO Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) embodies advantages and positive

properties which can otherwise be attained only by a combination of various
materials. Hence the great diversity of demands now made on a building
materials is met in a truly universal manner. This is proved by the the results of
research measurements and by decades of practical experience.

5.1 Thermal Insulation 5.1.a Thermal Conductivity l

The gross density of a building The thermal conductivity
material largely determines it’s l W/ (mK) is a specific material
compressive strength and also it’s property. It indicates in Watts the
thermal conductivity and hence it’s quantity of heat which flows through
thermal insulation capacity. As gross one square meter of a 1m thick layer
density increases, the compressive of a material when the temperature
strength and thermal conductivity gradient in the direction of the heat
rise; thermal insulation capacity, flows is 1K.
however, is reduced.

Since condensation process

takes place between the interior
and exterior portion of structures,
depending on the season and the
temperature gradient, the design
values for thermal conductivity have
been laid down on the basis of the
practical moisture content of the
building material.

5. properties 5.1 Thermal insulation

The interdependence of the type and thickness of material and its thermal-
conductivity is illustrated by the following example:
25 cm
Approx. 270 cm thick.

ACICO, l = 0.13 Cement blocks, l = 1.40

For the same thermal insulation of 25 cm thick ACICO wall, it is

required a cement block in 270 cm thickness.

5.1.b Thermal Resistivity 1/L 5.1.c Heat transmission

coefficient k (or k value)
The thermal resistivity 1/L m2 K/W is
the measure of thermal insulation of The heat transmission coefficient
a building material. It is the quotient k (W/m2 K) serves to assess the
of the material thickness to thermal transmitted heat loss through structual
conductivity. elements, element cominations or
through the entire peripheral surface
In the case of multilayered elements, of the building. It indicates the quantity
it is calculated from the sum of the of heat which flows through 1m2 of an
individual resistivities of the mutually element of a specific thickness when
adjacent building material layers. there is a temperature difference of
1 °C between the air on both sides. The
1 = S1 + S2 + S3 ... + Sn K value is calculated from the thermal
L = l1 + l2 + l3 ln resistivity, allowing for the thermal
resistances as follow:
Where (S) is the layer thickness 1
k= (W/m2 K)
1 + 1 + 1
ai L aa

5. properties 5.1 Thermal insulation

5.1.d thermal insulation of ACICO Blocks

Thermal Heat
Strength Thickness Resistivity Transmission
Category (cm) 1/L m2 K/w Coefficient k
l (W/mk) W/(m2k)

10 0.83 1.00

15 1.25 0.70
G2/04 0.12
20 1.66 0.54

25 2.08 0.44

10 0.77 1.06

15 1.15 0.75
G2/05 0.13
20 1.54 0.58

25 1.92 0.48

10 0.63 1.25

15 0.94 0.90
G2/06 0.16
20 1.25 0.70

25 1.56 0.58

k values have been calculated with internal surface resistance 0.13 and ext.
surface resistance
1 = 0.13 1 = 0.04
ai aa
5. properties 5.2 Heat Storage and Cooling

5.2 Heat storage and cooling

In addition to thermal insulation, the heat storage capacity and the cooling
behaviour of a building material are of importance for the interior environment.
The following comparison illustrates the interrelationship of thermal insulation,
heat storage and cooling.
Thermal Gross Specific Thermal Stored heat
Thickness Cooling
Material Conductivity density heat resistivity Quantity
d(m) time tA (h)
l W(mk) e(kg/m3) c(J/kgK) 1/L(m2 K/w) Qs(J/m2 K)

ACICO 0.25 0.16 500 1.000 1.56 125.000 54.17

Block 0.30 0.16 500 1.000 1.88 150.000 78.33
masonry 0.375 0.16 500 1.000 2.34 187.500 121.88
≥B15 0.30 2.30 2400 1.000 0.15 720.000 30.00
Insul.mat 0.30 0.04 20 1.500 7.50 9.000 18.75
Stored heat quantity: QS = C ..ed(J/m2 K)
Cooling time: tA=Qs. 1/L (h)

5.2.a Heat Penetration The heat penetration coefficient for

coefficient ACICO block masonry:

The smaller the heat penetration G2/05 = 4.71 Wh0.5 / m2 K

coefficient b of the boundary
surfaces of a room, the faster can G4/06 = 6.05 Wh0.5 / m2 k
the room be heated up.
5.2.b Cooling behavior
It is calculated from the formula:
The cooling of a wall is governed by
b = √ c. l e the ratio of the heat quantity Qs (j/m2 k)
stored in a m2 of wall due to increase
c = the specific heat of the material in temperature of 1°C to the heat
(for all minerals) 1000 j/kgK transmission coefficient L(W/m2K).

l = design value for thermal For homogeneous walls it is:

conductivity (W/mK)
Qs = c. r. s. = c. r. s2
e = Gross density (kg/m )
l L l

5. properties 5.2 Heat Storage and Cooling

The greater the value QS/L the On account of the favourable

more slowly the wall cools down. combination of thermal insulation,
heat storage capacity and building
A low heat storage capacity, for material mass, external structures
instance due to low wall weight, can of ACICO elements are capable
be compensated by higher inherent of reducing external temperature
thermal insulation of the wall. fluctuations to a minimum. In
summer, therefore, they ensure a
The cooling behavior of the ACICO pleasant, cool interior environment
building material, despite an with balanced temperatures.
average heat storage capacity, has
an extremely favourable effect on This excellent thermal insulation
the interior environment, since the in summer time ACICO wall
good thermal insulation gives rise to constructions was confirmed in a
a correspondingly favourable ratio of practical trial by the Fraunhofer
the stored heat quantity to the heat institute for Architectural Physics,
transmission coefficient. Stuttgart.

5.2.c Summer heat insulation On a 25 cm thick AAC wall, surface

temperatures were measured over
In summer, external structural the course of 24 hours. To attain
elements are subjected to especially high temperatures, a west
particularly great temperature wall was chosen, which in addition
fluctuations which in extreme cases was painted black. The outside
may amount to as much as temperature fluctuations of about
70 °C. For a cool, pleasant interior 70 °C which occurred in this trial
environment, such large fluctuations were reduced so substantially by
must be brought down to a lower, the wall structure that on the inside
balanced temperature level inside a temperature increase of only 2 °C
the building. (from 18 to 20 °C) was measured.

5. properties 5.3 Diffusion Behaviour

Temperature Temperature
C° C°
Wall Surface, Internal Wall Surface, Internal
90 90
Temperature fluctuation approx .70 °C

80 80

Temperature fluctuation approx .2 °C

70 70

60 60

50 50

40 40

30 30

20 20

10 10

0 0
4¥ 8¥ 12¥ 16¥ 20¥ 24¥ 4¥ 4¥ 8¥ 12¥ 16¥ 20¥ 24¥ 4¥

Time 25 cm Time
Painted black outside

5.3 Diffusion behaviour

Among the load-bearing mineral building materials, ACICO aerated concrete
has one of the lowest water vapor diffusion resistance.
The monolithic and simultaneously heat-insulation structure of ACICO elements
makes additional insulating layers super-flours and avoids interlayer transitions
in the element which are unfavorable for environmental control. That means
problem-free, damage-free constructions.
Value of coefficient of water-vapor diffusion resistance for ACICO material
varies from 5 to 10 approximately.
For exampe:
Air = 1
Glass = ¥
Concrete = 50 - 100

5. properties 5.4 Fire Resistance

5.4 Fire Resistance

All ACICO materials are

incombustible and highly fire
resistant. As per German Code DIN
4102, the materials are defined
according to their resistance to fire
with respect to time at 1000 °C, as
written below.

F30 = min. 30 minutes fire resistance- wall thickn. = 5 cm

F60 = min. 60 minutes fire resistance- wall thickn. = 7.5 cm
F90 = min. 90 minutes fire resistance- wall thickn. = 7.5 cm
F120 = min. 120 minutes fire resistance- wall thickn. = 12.5 cm
F180 = min. 180 minutes fire resistance- wall thickn. = 15 cm

5.5 Sound Insulation

Sound insulation specifications

for construction engineering are
contained in German standard DIN

For ACICO-elements (walls, floors

and roofs) a number of measured
values of the sound-damping
factors Rw and R’w based on test
certificates have been compiled in a
table according to area weight.

5. PROPERTIES 5.5 Sound Insulation

Sound damping factors (R’w) in dB for single-skin ACICO-masonry

Wall thickness (cm)

category 10 15 20 25

Masonry* G2/04 34 36 39 41

Masonry* G2/05 35 38 41 42

Masonry* G4/06 36 39 42 44

* The above value includes plaster coatings.

The sound damping factor for:
Wooden doors = 25 to 30 dB
Aluminium windows = 28 to 33 dB

For building construction, openings are the main weak elements allowing sound
transmission as shown below.
External Sound Level



6 A.A.C. Advantages
6.1 Construction Advantages
a- Well-balanced Material
b- Solid-Light Weight
c- Height Compressive Strength
d- Best Heat Insulation
e- Well-balanced Heat Storage
f- Exemplary Diffussion Behaviour
g- Ideal for Fire Proofing
h- Height Dimensional Stability
i- Low-Water Absorption
6.2 Workability Advantages
a- Rational and Economic
b- Easy Transport
c- Easy Workable
d- True to Size
e- Simply Follow Up work

6. ADVANTAGES 6.1 Construction Advantages

6.1.a A building Material with 6.1.c High Compressive

Well-balanced Properties. Strength

ACICO material embodies ACICO blocks and reinforced

advantages and positive properties elements are made in various
which can otherwise be attained strength categories: Blocks in G2,
only by a combination of various G4 and G6 and reinforced elements
materials. Hence the great diversity in GB 3.3 and GB 4.4.
of demands now made on a building
material is met in a truly universal These strength designations should
manner. This is proved by the results not be confused with the permissible
of research measurements and by compressive stress.
decades of practical experience.
Compared to their material strength,
6.1.b A Solid Building Material ACICO blocks and structural
but Light-Weight elements can withstand relatively
high permissible compressive
It is a light-weight material among stresses, which in conventional
all the other solid building materials. spheres of application are quite
Despite millions of minute air sufficient to take building loads.
inclusions, the ACICO building Compressive strength, gross density
material is solid. and heat insulation are exactly
attuned to each other in ACICO
The low weight brings substantial structural elements.
advantages in transport and
in on-site handling. It is also 6.1.d The Solid Building
advantageous with regard to statics, Material with the Best Heat
where mass and weight savings Insulating Properties
permit designs involved distinctly
lower costs. Due to the air entrained in the air
spaces, the ACICO building material
Consequently in commercial, has extremely favourable thermal
industrial, municipal and housing insulation properties, resulting in an
construction lighter bearing outstandingly low k value.
structure and foundations of smaller
dimensions are possible. The ACICO construction system is
ideal not only for exterior and interior
walls, but also for floors and roofs.

6. ADVANTAGES 6.1 Construction Advantages

All these result in a low average can be used for all fire resistant and
k-value for whole building surface. division walls.
It is therefore a value of particular
importance now a days. 6.1.h High Dimensional
6.1.e Well-Balance Heat-
ACICO elements are dimensionally
Storage Properties
stable even under extreme
A second environmental control conditions. Measurements have
property of the ACICO building demonstrated that their coefficients
material is its well-balance heat of thermal expansion and shrinkage
storage capacity. It compensates are favourable.
for temperature fluctuations, thus
providing a substantial contribution 6.1.i Low Water Absorption
to a pleasant, healthy living
Due to the closed pores of the
material, the water absorption of
ACICO elements is substantially
6.1.f Exemplary Diffusion
less than that of building materials
with capillary action. Plaster facings
Apart from heat insulation and are sufficient to protect ACICO
storage capabilities, the diffusion elements from the influences of the
behavior is of special importance for weather. ACICO roof structures are
a healthy interior environment. given conventional roof coverings.
Being a mineral building material,
ACICO building material permits
rotting of ACICO elements can not
good diffusion and can balance the
air humidity in a room by absorbing
and releasing the required amount
6.1.i 1 Release of Toxic
of humidity.
Substances (Gases)
6.1.g ACICO Elements Ideal for ACICO building material don’t
Fire-Proofing release any toxic gases or other
In houses in close proximity e.g.
semi-detached and row housed, in
6.1.i 2 Adequate Sound
the building of attic dwellings and
in renovated old buildings. ACICO
elements give security. ACICO The solid ACICO building material
aerated concrete ranks as an attains good sound-proofing values.
incombustible building material of
Category A1 as specified by German
standards (DIN). ACICO elements

6. ADVANTAGES 6.2 Workability Advantages

6.2.a Rational and economical and precise constructions with

in all respects plane, easily finished surfaces,
which again means shorter working
The ACICO construction system times. In addition, the dimensional
opens up interesting cost accuracy enables the use of the
effectiveness prospects. First and special technique of ACICO plane
foremost is it’s simple workability, an block laying with thin-bed mortar,
important advantage in view of the resulting in practically jointless
growing lack of skilled personnel. mansonry devoid of heat bridges.
Large - format ACICO elements
Then there is the universal and dimensional accuracy makes
applicability of the building material, construction particularly rational.
which enables simple and clearcut
constructions and less expenses The lighter weight of the building
and effort for planning and site material also allows large block
supervision. Furthermore, the formats. For example, just 6 blocks
ACICO construction system are sufficient for a wall area of 1 m2.
shortens construction times This results in extremely favourable
appreciably and in the final analysis work times.
that means less capital expenditure.
This is similarly true for ACICO
6.2.b Easy and Economic to prefab elements. Thanks to their
Transport favourable weight that they can be
installed rapidly and precisely.
All ACICO products are packed
into easily transportable units. 6.2.e Follow-up operations
The favourable ratio of weight to
package size allows full utilization of A further advantage of the ACICO
transport capacities. construction system lies in the
simplification of follow-up work.
6.2.c Easily Workable Conduits slots are milled, switch
and wall plug holes and openings
Due to their properties, ACICO are simply drilled, even for large
blocks can be accurately sawed diameters. On the plane wall
to size, planed, drilled and milled. surfaces, single-coat ACICO plasters
Desired pieces can therefore be cut can be applied. Large-format ACICO
to size rationally, both by hand and slabs are simply coated. Tiles can
by machine. be cemented to ACICO elements by
the thin-bed method.
6.2.d True-to-size and Rational Facings, internal structural elements,
Working etc. can be easily and securely
All ACICO elements are accurately fastened to ACICO constructions.
dimensioned by a mature cutting
technique. This enables clean-cut

ACICO’s Technical Department has well

Qualified engineers who are available to
respond to any queries concerning the
application and technical properties of
ACICO products.

Please contact us:


Phone: 03-3580506 - Fax: 03-3580507 - Universal Access Number: 920025655

ACICO Branches

ACICO Factories, Branch Offices,

Sales Organizations and Licensees


Argentina Japan

Australia Korea

Austria Saudi Arabia

Belgium Kuwait

Brazil Malaysia

Bulgaria Mexico

Czech Republic Netherlands

CIS Rumania

Cuba Slovakian Republic

France Spain

Germany Switzerland

Greece Taiwan

Indonesia Thailand

Italy Turkey

United States of America