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HENRY FROWDE, M.A. PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD LONDON, EDINBURGH NEW YORK AND TORONTO PREFACE Swanrtt Grammar is not only simple in itself and easy to learn, but also a useful introduction to the grammatical structure common to most, if not all, other dialects of Bantu. This short treatise is designed to make these two features clear in the case of Swahili as spoken at Zanzibar. Dr. Krapf and Bishop Steere have long since made Swahili grammar accessible to all students in principles and in details, but some of the results of their work now admit of being stated in a somewhat different and shorter form, partly by rearrange- ment, partly by a more complete separation of Grammar and Dictionary. The divisions, distinctions, and terms common to the gram- mars of most other languages are used in this, not only as suggesting and facilitating comparison, but as in a marked degree applicable to the case; Bantu thus furnishing one more illustration of the deep unities underlying the most widely different forms of human thought and speech. Swahili is here written as Bishop Steere wrote it, with the ordinary English alphabet, as explained in Chapter I, ‘there being no sound (in Swahili) which does not so nearly occur in some European language that the proper way of writing it ‘ Though that dialect is influenced largely by Arabic in vocabulary, slightly also in pronunciation, the grammar remains wholly African, i.e, Bantu, in all essential features. 4 PREFACE (in Roman characters) can be readily fixed upon and illustrated by an example.’ References to Bantu in general must be understood as limited to such dialects as have come under the compiler’s notice, and those chiefly of Central-and Eastern Africa. Even in these parts many dialects are still practically unknown. A. C. Manan. Fort JAMESON, Nort East RHODESIA. March 8, 1905.