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MAILING P.O.

Box 1688 MCPO


ADDRESS 1256 Makati City, PHILIPPINES
TELEPHONE NO. (63-2) 631-1775 to 84
FAX NO. (63-2) 631-4028 / 635-0276 ACCREDITED LABORATORY
Accreditation No. 0029
Key Panel Configuration
Preparing for Measurements

[Objective of lesson]
• To learn the operational procedure for turning on the power and preparing
for measurement.

Operational procedure]
• Turn on the power of the QM-Data.
• Define the absolute origin of the CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine).
• Calibrate the probe.
• Turn the printer output mode ON.

How to start-up and to shut-down the Machine


1. Turn on the power switch.

• The startup screen appears.


• The startup screen shown on the right appears after several seconds.

2. Defining Absolute Origin

* IMPORTANT - the absolute origin must be defined every time the system is
started up.
• if you perform measurements without having defined the absolute origin, correct
measurement results cannot be obtained.
• The position of the absolute origin depends on the model of the CMM

Moving the probe. If the screen shown on the right appears, press the function key

corresponding to the icon.


Then, move the probe to absolute position.

Basic Geometric Elements or Feature

A feature is an item constituting a geometrical shape (geometrical properties such


as a point, a line and a cylinder).
The QM-Data can handle ten types of feature: point, straight line, plane, circle,
ellipse, sphere, cylinder, cone, distance and angle. While distance and angle are not
shapes, they are regarded as features on the QM-Data.
Gage-Like Measurement Screen

Measurement input wait screen (for example: flatness measurement)

F1: Returns to the gage-like measurement screen.


F2: Performs the probe calibration, etc.
F3: Switches the screen to the measured result screen.

*TIP The position where a “No” blinks (3 in the screen above) that is in measurement
input wait status.

Measured result screen (for example: flatness measurement)


F1: Performs a re-measurement.
F2: Recalls the same processing command again.
F3: Performs the statistical processing QMStat (option) on the measured data.
F4: Measurement end (returns to the menu screen.)
Menu No.1 Menu No.2 Menu No.3 Menu No.4 Menu No.5

F1 -- F1 Height F1 Circle center F1 Straightness F1 Perpendicularity:


plane-plane
measuremen measurement
t
F2 Sphere F2 Perpendicular:
diameter cylinder-plane
F2 Heigh F2 Inner width F2 Distance between
t 2 circles F3 Cylinder F3 Perpend.:
taper cylinder-cylinder

F3 Inner F3 Outer width F3 Angle formed by 3


width circles F4 Side length F4 Coaxiality
meas
ureme F5 Flatness F5 Parallelism:
nt plane-plane

F4 Outer F4 Angle of 2 F4 Circle formed by F6 Cone angle F6 Parallelism:


width cylinder-plane
lines circle centers

F5 Inside F5 Inside F5 Slotted hole


diame F7 Intersection F7 Parallelism:
diameter angle (2 cylinder-cylinder
ter
cylinders)

F6 Outsi F6 Outside F6 Rectangular hole


de F8 Corner F8 Concentricity
diameter circle meas. meas.
diame
(2 circles)
ter

Dista F9 Circularity F9 Runout


F7 F7 Angle of F7 Groove width measurement
nce plane &
betwe
en 2
cylinder
circle
s

F8 Angle F8 Angle of 2 F8 V-groove


of 2 planes
lines

F9 -- F9 Cylinder F9 Section circle


diameter meas. (Cone)
General Measurement Flow Chart
AI Function
What is the AI Function?
• The AI function (Artificial Intelligence function) (Automatic feature recognition
function) is a function of automatically recognizing the type of feature after the
measurement is taken.
• Therefore, by using the AI function, you do not need to specify which feature to
measure before taking a measurement.

Gage-like measurement menu (1/5) display

After a while the screen shown at the right is displayed

Then press

If you take measurements at the required number of points and then press the

F4 key, measurement ends and the “QM-Data” automatically recognizes the


type of the measured feature and calculates the measurement results.
Creating or Construction Features/Elements from Existing
Features

Point
Point calculation function includes the following commands:

F1 , F3 , F1

Projected Intersection F1

Spatial Intersection F2

Bisection Point F3

Point of Tangency F4
Line

F1 , F3 , F2

Intersecting Line F1

Bisection Line F2

Tangent Line F3

Plane

F1 , F3 , F3

Bisection Plane F1
Circle

F1 , F3 , F3

Intersecting Circle F1

Cross-Sectional Circle F2

Calculation of Features

Distance

F1 , F3 , F3

Projected Distance F1
Angle

F1 , F3 , F3

Intersection Angle F1

The angle calculated by this command is the acute angle (0° to 90°).

You can use the supplementary setting key in the Output item selection screen (see
Chapter 2) to select the reference plane (projection plane).
Probe Systems
Measure the master ball to register the position of the master ball, the probe
location for performing the volumetric error compensation, and the probe tip diameter.

Probe Calibration:

• Fix the master ball on the surface plate.

• Selecting the probe menu. Press the function key corresponding to the icon in the

Gage-like measurement menu.

• Designating the probe location and the stylus location. Then, “Key in” the probe
location and the stylus location for the probe to be used.

* Remarks
• Probe location
Designate the probe tip center position
in relation to the probe holder.
Example: (0, 0, -159)
• Stylus location
Enter (0, 0, 0) for (X, Y, Z).
Measuring the master ball.
Perform measurements at five points on the master ball.

*Remarks
To accurately measure the master ball, measure the four points (1) to (4) on the
horizontal major circumference, then measure the top point (5).

Finishing the registration.

Press the function key corresponding to the icon.

COORDINATE SYSTEM
Reference definition memory function

Reference planes, reference axes, and origin of the current coordinate system can be
recalled as feature data, by using this function.

Machine Coordinate System


The machine coordinate system (MCS) is a coordinate system that axes extend
along the Linear Scales installed on the X, Y, and Z axes of the coordinate measuring
machine (CMM). The origin of the MCS can be moved, but the orientation of the axes of
the MCS cannot be changed.
The machine coordinate system is the basis coordinate system upon which the
QM-Data performs various calculations. The origin of the machine coordinate system
(MCS) is located at the center of the master ball.

Part Coordinate System

The coordinate system used by the user to align the position and orientation of the
workpiece is called the part coordinate system (PCS). The part coordinate system is
defined by measuring portions of the workpiece that serve as the reference. For efficient
measurement, it is important to create a part coordinate system that is well suited to the
nominal reference (drawing reference) or the machining reference.

Right-handed Coordinate System


The positive and negative directions for each axis are defined according to the
right-handed coordinate system. When you extend the fingers of your right hand as
shown in Figure 3-5, the fingers correspond to axes as follows:

Thumb: 1st axis


Forefinger: 2nd axis
Middle finger: 3rd axis

The positive direction for each axis is the direction in which the corresponding finger is
pointing.
General Method for Aligning Coordinate System

[Objective of lesson]
• To align the part coordinate system (PCS) according to the general method
for aligning the coordinate system, using the model workpiece.
Manual PCS

1) Align or define the reference plane by measuring plane (a).

• Press the function key corresponding to the icon in the "Gage-like


measurement menu (1/5)".

• Calling the "General 3D-measurement menu". Press the function key

corresponding to the icon. -

• Calling the feature measurement menu. Press the function key corresponding to

the icon. -
• Selecting the plane measurement. Press the function key corresponding to the

icon. -

• Completing the measurement. Press the function key corresponding to the


icon. -

• Selecting the output item. Confirm that "XY" is designated as the reference plane.

• Completing the output item selection. Press the function key corresponding to the

icon.

• Calling the coordinate system alignment menu. Press the function key

corresponding to the icon.

*Remarks
- Perform this operation in the "General 3D-measurement menu" screen.

• Selecting the reference plane setting command. Press the function key

corresponding to the icon.

• Setting the reference plane. Select "Z" for the "Reference axis" and "ON" for the
"Align origin".
• Designating the memory No. of the feature. Select "Automatic memory" for the
"Type of memory " and designate "1" for the "Memory No.".

• Completing the reference plane setting. Press the function key corresponding to

the icon.

2) Align or define the reference axis by measuring side plane (b).

• Calling the feature measurement menu. Press the function key corresponding to

the icon.

• Selecting the straight-line measurement. Press the function key corresponding to

the icon.

• Completing the measurement. Press the function key corresponding to the

icon.

• Selecting the output item. Confirm that "XY" is designated as the reference plane.

• Completing the output item selection. Press the function key corresponding to the

icon.

• Calling the coordinate system alignment menu. Press the function key

corresponding to the icon.

*Remarks
• Perform this operation in the "General 3D-measurement menu" screen.

• Selecting the reference axis setting command. Press the function key

corresponding to the icon.

• Setting the reference axis. Select "X" for the "Reference axis" and "ON" for the
"Align origin".
• Designating the memory No. of the feature. Select "Automatic memory" for the
"Type of memory" and designate "1" for the "Memory No.".

• Completing the reference axis setting. Press the function key corresponding to the

icon.

3) Align or define the origin by measuring side plane (c).

• Calling the feature measurement menu. Press the function key corresponding to

the icon.

• Selecting the side point measurement. Press the function key corresponding to the
icon.

• Completing the measurement. Press the function key corresponding to the icon.

• Selecting the output item. Confirm that "XY" is designated as the reference plane.

• Completing the output item selection. Press the function key corresponding to the
icon.

• Calling the coordinate system alignment menu. Press the function key
corresponding to the icon.
*Remarks
• Perform this operation in the "General 3D-measurement menu" screen.

• Selecting the origin setting command. Press the function key corresponding to the
icon.

• Setting the origin. Set "Translation" only for the X-axis in the "Origin align. axis"
(axes along which the origin should be translated).

Macro Functions for PCS Creation

Twelve handy macro commands for aligning or setting the part coordinate system
have been registered. The part coordinate system can be aligned or set automatically by
selecting the appropriate alignment macro for the workpiece and taking the
measurements.
Function keys

The function keys are used to select an appropriate function. As shown in Figures,
Each function key corresponds to an icon provided with that function key number. The
Function key numbers are

Numeric keys:
• The numeric keys are used to input numerical values such as nominal values.
Character keys
• The character keys are used to input character strings such as file names.
Cursor keys
• The cursor keys are used to move the cursor.
Suspend key
• The Suspend key is used to suspend or resume data processing by the QM-Data.
When the QM-Data is in the Suspend Mode, the LCD is extinguished and the red
LED corresponding to this Suspend key lights.
[CANCEL] key
• The [CANCEL] key is used to cancel one measurement point or return to the
immediately previous menu.
[ENTER] key
• The [ENTER] key is used to enter a selection or an input to go to the next
processing.
[Caps Lock] key
• The [Caps Lock] key is used to switch the alphabet between uppercase and
lowercase.
[Back Space] key
• The [Back Space] key is used to erase one character positioned before the cursor.
[Insert] key
• The [Insert] key is used to switch the editing mode between the Insert Mode
(inserting characters) and the Replace Mode (overwriting characters).
[Delete] key
• The [Delete] key is used to erase one character where the cursor is positioned.

Configuration of LCD Screen

Multi-display area
• In the multi-display area, coordinate values of the X, Y, and Z axes, measurement
results, operational guidance messages and so on are displayed.
Command name
• The name of the command being executed is displayed.
Symbol of features
• The symbol of the feature being measured is displayed.
Next measurement point number
• The number of the measurement point to be measured next is displayed.
Status
• The current operating statuses are displayed by means of icons.
PART PROGRAM FUNCTIONS
This chapter describes functions of creating, executing, and editing the part program.

[Key operations to access part program functions]

F1 F10

Repeat Mode
[Key Operation]

[Function]
Recalls the operation steps sequentially from a part program file and executes the
steps.
[Procedure]
1) Select this command from the menu.
2) Select the part program file.
• The part program is executed.

In Repeat mode, you can stop program execution using the F1 () key.

Learn Mode
[Key Operation]

[Function]
Starts storing the operation steps for each command sequentially in a part program
file.