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# EE 1302 PROTECTION AND SWITCHGEAR 3 0 0 100

AIM
To expose the students to the various faults in power system and learn the various
methods of protection scheme

To understand the current interruption in Power System and study the various
switchgears.

OBJECTIVES
i. Discussion on various earthing practices usage of symmetrical components
to
estimate fault current and fault MVA.

## ii. To understand instrument transformer and accuracy.

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iii. To understand the method of circuit breaking various arc theories Arcing
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phenomena – capacitive and inductive breaking.
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iv. Types of circuit breakers.
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1. INTRODUCTION 9
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Principles and need for protective schemes – nature and causes of faults – types of
faults – fault current calculation using symmetrical components – Power system
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scheme.
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## 2. OPERATING PRINCIPLES AND RELAY CONSTRUCTIONS 9

Electromagnetic relays – Over current, directional, distance and differential, under
frequency relays – static relays.

3. APPARATUS PROTECTION 9
Apparatus protection transformer, generator, motor, protection of bus bars,
transmission lines – CTs and PTs and their applications in protection schemes.

## 4. THEORY OF CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION 9

Physics of arc phenomena and arc interruption. Restriking voltage & Recovery
voltage, rate of rise of recovery voltage, resistance switching, current chopping,
interruption of capacitive current – DC circuit breaking.
5. CIRCUIT BREAKERS 9
Types of Circuit Breakers – Air blast, Air break, oil SF6 and Vacuum circuit
breakers – comparative merits of different circuit breakers – Testing of circuit
breakers.

L = 45 Total = 45

TEXT BOOKS
1. B. Ravindranath, and N. Chander, ‘Power System Protection & Switchgear’,
Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1977.

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Sunil S. Rao, ‘Switchgear and Protection’, Khanna publishers, New Delhi, 1986 .

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2. C.L. Wadhwa, ‘Electrical Power Systems’, Newage International (P) Ltd., 2000.

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3. M.L. Soni, P.V. Gupta, V.S. Bhatnagar, A. Chakrabarti, ‘A Text Book on Power
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System Engineering’, Dhanpat Rai & Co., 1998.
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4. Badri Ram, Vishwakarma, ‘Power System Protection and Switchgear’, Tata
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