Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 21

Ministry of Defence

Defence Standard 02-729 Part 3


Issue 2 Publication Date 28 Oct 2005

Requirements for Non-Destructive


Examination Methods in
HM Submarines and
Surface Ships not in Class

Part 3
Eddy Current

Category 2
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Intentionally Blank

ii
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Contents

Foreword ...........................................................................................................................................................v
1 Scope ....................................................................................................................................................1
2 Warning.................................................................................................................................................1
3 Normative References .........................................................................................................................1
4 Definitions ............................................................................................................................................2
4.1 Calibration Test Piece ....................................................................................................................2
4.2 Design Authority.............................................................................................................................2
4.3 Examining Authority.......................................................................................................................2
4.4 Reference Standard........................................................................................................................2
4.5 Trigger/Alarm Level ........................................................................................................................2
4.6 Terms ...............................................................................................................................................2
5 Acceptance Standards ........................................................................................................................2
6 General..................................................................................................................................................3
6.1 Limitations.......................................................................................................................................3
6.2 BS EN 1971 and BS EN 10246-2 ....................................................................................................3
7 Examination Procedure Requirements..............................................................................................3
7.1 Personnel Requirements ...............................................................................................................3
7.2 Procedures and Inspections..........................................................................................................3
7.3 Production Eddy Current Testing, Techniques and Reporting .................................................4
8 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................5
8.1 General.............................................................................................................................................5
8.2 Test Coils.........................................................................................................................................5
8.3 Driving Mechanism.........................................................................................................................7
9 Calibration Standards..........................................................................................................................7
10 Equipment Calibration.........................................................................................................................8
10.6 Acceptance Level ...........................................................................................................................8
11 Extent Of Examination.........................................................................................................................8
12 Surface Condition ................................................................................................................................9
13 Production Examination Techniques ................................................................................................9
13.1 Testing Speed .................................................................................................................................9
13.2 Manual Testing................................................................................................................................9
13.3 Sensitivity level...............................................................................................................................9
13.4 Defect Indications...........................................................................................................................9
13.5 Additional Tests............................................................................................................................10
14 Records...............................................................................................................................................10

iii
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Annex A Procurement Check-List .............................................................................................................11

Figures

Figure 1 - Eddy Current Inspection Report.................................................................................................6

Tables

Table 1 - Reference Standard Hole Diameters...............................................................................................7

iv
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Foreword
AMENDMENT RECORD

Amd No Date Text Affected Signature and Date

REVISION NOTE

This standard is raised to Issue 2 to incorporate changes to text and presentation for HM Submarines and
Surface Ships not in Class.
The technical content has been updated in line with current practice.
Title amended due to Surface Flotilla Policy to adopt Commercial Standards.

HISTORICAL RECORD

This standard supersedes the following:

Def Stan 02-729 Part 3 Issue 1 April 2000


NES 729 Part 3 Issue 2 November 1991
NES 729 Part 3 Issue 1

Sponsorship

1. This Defence Standard (Def Stan) is sponsored by the Defence Materiel Standardization Committee
(DMSC) Agency, Ministry of Defence (MOD).

2. The complete Def Stan comprises:

Requirements for Non-Destructive Examination Methods in HM Submarines and Surface Ships not in
Class

Part 1 Radiographic
Part 2 Magnetic Particle
Part 3 Eddy Current (This Part)
Part 4 Liquid Penetrant
Part 5 Ultrasonic

3. If it is found to be unsuitable for any particular requirement the MOD is to be informed in writing of the
circumstances.

4. Any user of this Defence Standard either within MOD or in industry may propose an amendment to it.
Proposals for amendments that are not directly applicable to a particular contract are to be made to
the publishing authority, and those directly applicable to a particular contract are to be dealt with using
contract procedures.

5. No alteration is to be made to this Defence Standard except by the issue of an authorised


amendment.

6. Unless otherwise stated, reference in this Defence Standard to approval, approved, authorised or
similar terms, means the Ministry of Defence in writing.

7. Any significant amendments that may be made to this Defence Standard at a later date will be
indicated by a vertical sideline. Deletions will be indicated by 000 appearing at the end of the line
interval.

v
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

8. Extracts from British Standards within this Defence Standard have been included with the permission
of the British Standards Institution.

Conditions of Release

General

9. This Defence Standard has been devised solely for the use of the MOD, and its contractors in the
execution of contracts for the MOD. To the extent permitted by law, the Crown hereby excludes all
liability whatsoever and howsoever arising (including but without limitation, liability resulting from
negligence) for any loss or damage however caused when the Defence Standard is used for any other
purpose.

10. This document is Crown Copyright and the information herein may be subject to Crown or third party
rights. It is not to be released, reproduced or published without written permission of the MOD.

11. The Crown reserves the right to amend or modify the contents of this Defence Standard without
consulting or informing any holder.

MoD Tender or Contract Process

12. This Defence Standard is the property of the Crown. Unless otherwise authorised in writing by the
MOD must be returned on completion of the contract or submission of the tender in connection with
which it is issued.

13. When this Defence Standard is used in connection with a MOD tender or contract, the user is to
ensure that he is in possession of the appropriate version of each document, including related
documents, relevant to each particular tender or contract. Enquiries in this connection may be made of
the Authority named in the tender or contract.

14. When Defence Standards are incorporated into contracts, users are responsible for their correct
application and for complying with contractual and other statutory requirements. Compliance with a
Defence Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

Categories of Naval Defence Standard

15. The Category of this Naval Defence Standard has been determined using the following criteria:

a) Category 1. If not applied may have a Critical affect on the following:


Safety of the vessel, its complement or third parties.
Operational performance of the vessel, its systems or equipment.

b) Category 2. If not applied may have a Significant affect on the following:


Safety of the vessel, its complement or third parties.
Operational performance of the vessel, its systems or equipment.
Through life costs and support.

c) Category 3. If not applied may have a Minor affect on the following:


MOD best practice and fleet commonality.
Corporate experience and knowledge.
Current support practice.

vi
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Related Documents

16. In the tender and procurement processes the related documents in each Section and Annex A can be
obtained as follows:

a) British Standards British Standards Institution,


389 Chiswick High Road,
London, W4 4AL

b) Defence Standards Defence Procurement Agency


An Executive Agency of the MoD
UK Defence Standardization,
Kentigern House
65 Brown Street,
Glasgow, G2 8EX

c) Other documents Tender or Contract Sponsor to advise.

17. All applications to Ministry Establishments for related documents are to quote the relevant MOD
Invitation to Tender or Contract Number and date, together with the sponsoring Directorate and the
Tender or Contract Sponsor.

18. Prime Contractors are responsible for supplying their subcontractors with relevant documentation,
including specifications, standards and drawings.

Health and Safety

Warning

19. This Defence Standard may call for the use of processes, substances and procedures that may be
injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. It refers only to technical suitability and in no
way absolves either the supplier or any user from statutory obligations relating to health and safety at
any stage of manufacture or use. Where attention is drawn to hazards, those quoted may not
necessarily be exhaustive.

20. This Defence Standard has been written and is to be used taking into account the policy stipulated in
JSP430: MOD Ship Safety Management System Handbook.

Additional Information

(There is no relevant information)

vii
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Intentionally Blank

viii
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Requirements for Non-Destructive Examination Methods in HM


Submarines and Surface Ships not in Class- Eddy Current

1 Scope

1.1 This part of Defence Standard 02-729 defines the minimum requirements for methods of detection of
surface and near-surface discontinuities in electronically conductive materials, which may be ferromagnetic
or non-ferromagnetic, using eddy current examination techniques.

1.2 The requirements for the use of manually operated portable eddy current instruments designed
specifically for the detection of surface-breaking cracks in welds are included.

1.3 The requirements of this Defence Standard are applicable to all items for which specifications,
standards, drawings, refit or repair instructions require eddy current examination.

1.4 This Defence Standard is also applicable to the Quality Assessment of Examining Authorities who
perform eddy current examination.

1.5 This Defence Standard does not cover:

a) the extent to which eddy current examination is required. This requirement is to be stated in
relevant Contract;

b) acceptance criteria for defects;

c) the examination of nuclear plant and machinery.

2 Warning

2.1 The Ministry of Defence (MOD), like its contractors, is subject to both United Kingdom and European
laws regarding Health and Safety at Work. All Defence Standards either directly or indirectly invoke the use
of processes and procedures that could be injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. Defence
Standards or their use in no way absolves users from complying with statutory and legal requirements
relating to Health and Safety at Work.

2.2 This part of Defence Standard 02-729 defines the minimum requirements for methods of detection of
surface and near-surface discontinuities in electronically conductive materials, which may be ferromagnetic
or non-ferromagnetic, using eddy current examination techniques.

3 Normative References

3.1 The publications shown below are referred to in the text of this standard. Publications are grouped and
listed in alpha-numeric order.

Designation Title

BS EN 1330-5 Non-Destructive Testing. Terminology. Terms used in Eddy Current Testing.


BS EN 1971: 1999 Copper & Copper Alloys. Eddy Current Test for Tubes.

1
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

BS EN 10246-2: 2000 Non-Destructive Testing of Steel Tubes. Automatic Eddy Current Testing of
Seamless & Welded (Except Submerged Arc Welded) Austenitic and Austentitic-
Ferritic Steel Tubes for Verification of Hydraulic Leak-Tightness.
Def Stan 02-729 Requirements for Non-Destructive Examination Methods:
Part 2: Magnetic Particle

3.2 Reference in this standard to any related document means in any invitation to tender or contract the
edition and all amendments current at the date of such tender or contract unless a specific edition is
indicated.

3.3 In consideration of 3.2 above, users shall be fully aware of the issue and amendment status of all
related documents, particularly when forming part of an invitation to tender or contract. Responsibility for the
correct application of standards rests with users.

3.4 DStan can advise regarding where related documents are obtained from. Requests for such
information can be made to the DStan Helpdesk. How to contact the helpdesk is shown on the outside rear
cover of Def Stans.

4 Definitions

4.1 Calibration Test Piece

A conveniently sized sample of material of similar electromagnetic properties to the item to be tested and in
which reference standards are located.

4.2 Design Authority

The body that has overall responsibility for the system concerned.

4.3 Examining Authority

The Company, Organisation, Establishment or Naval Base that carries out eddy current examination within
the scope of this Part.

4.4 Reference Standard

An artificially produced imperfection of predetermined dimensions, usually a notch or a hole, used for the
sole purpose of establishing the test sensitivity of the eddy current equipment.

4.5 Trigger/Alarm Level

The level at which the electronic equipment is required to differentiate between acceptable and suspect
items.

4.6 Terms

BS EN 1330-5 is to apply to the terms used in this Part.

5 Acceptance Standards
The standards for acceptance of defect indications detected by eddy current examination are to be as
specified in the Contract Documents.

2
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

6 General

6.1 Limitations

Eddy current effects are susceptible to physical and chemical changes in materials. Eddy current methods
used for flaw detection are therefore most effective for the examination of materials which have a
homogenous structure, low permeability and precisely controlled sectional dimensions. Slight variations in
these parameters, which in themselves are within the permitted tolerances, may influence the results of this
method of examination.

6.2 BS EN 1971 and BS EN 10246-2

6.2.1 Unless specified otherwise herein, mandatory requirements of BS EN 1971 and BS EN 10246-2 are to
apply to eddy current testing of ferrous and non- ferrous pipes and tubes, required by The Design Authority.
These standards may be also used for guidance, wherever applicable, in the eddy current testing of other
forms of material.

6.2.2 It is not the intent of this Defence Standard to exclude proven eddy current inspection procedures
which can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Design Authority to meet the quality requirements. Prior
approval is to be obtained before such procedures are used.

7 Examination Procedure Requirements

7.1 Personnel Requirements

7.1.1 The Examining Authority is to ensure that all personnel associated with eddy current examination have
been adequately trained to the levels appropriate to their responsibilities, personnel should have a certificate
from a nationally or internationally accredited scheme e.g. 'Personnel Certification in Non-destructive Testing
(PCN)'. Personnel performing and interpreting eddy current examination are to be able to perform an
operational type test using the test method of the technique that will be used in production. In addition the
Examining Authority is to be able to interpret the results and be familiar with the standards to which it is
working.

7.1.2 A register of approved personnel is to be kept by the Examining Authority.

7.2 Procedures and Inspections

7.2.1 Eddy current examination is to be performed in accordance with a written examination procedure.
Each Examining Authority is to certify that the procedure is in accordance with this Defence Standard and is
to submit each procedure to the Design Authority for written approval.

7.2.2 Separate procedures are to be written to cover the requirements of the eddy current inspection of
welding or wrought products.

7.2.3 The relevant contract is to define the extent of eddy current examination and the appropriate
acceptance standard.

7.2.4 Inspection to eddy current procedures is to be carried out by approved personnel certified in
accordance with 7.1.1.

7.2.5 Procedures are to reference all relevant documents, specifications and acceptance standards. The
procedures are to be recorded and maintained by examining authorities for audit purposes.

3
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

7.2.6 Eddy current procedures are to cover all prerequisites and technical requirements associated with the
application and are to contain specific guidance information including the following, as applicable:

a) 1. Material type and descriptive details of the item to be tested including size and shape.

2. For weldments: the type of weld, location and surface condition.

b) Equipment description

1. Make/Model.

2. Details of monitoring and recording method.

3. Type of test coils or probes, size and current frequency.

c) Details of the technique to be used:

1. Coil or probe arrangement.

2. System used, eg absolute, differential or combined mode.

3. Saturation (if used).

4. Speed of test.

5. Probe scanning method or grid to be used.

d) Description of the calibration procedure and sensitivity checks including

1. Full details of the calibration test pieces.

2. Method and frequency of production sensitivity checks.

e) Method of recording the results of tests

7.3 Production Eddy Current Testing, Techniques and Reporting

Eddy current inspections are to be recorded in an eddy current report. The report is to include the following
information:

a) relevant eddy current inspection procedure;

b) name(s) of operator(s);

c) description of component or weld, material and location;

d) contract number and details;

e) eddy current inspection technique;

f) inspection coverage;

g) date and time of examination;

h) results of the examination.

A specimen eddy current inspection report showing the minimum information to be recorded is shown at
Figure 1.

4
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

8 Equipment

8.1 General

8.1.1 Depending upon the application, eddy current examination is to be performed using approved
automated or manually operated equipment and methods. Manually operated equipment that has been
designed specifically for the detection of surface-breaking cracks in ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic
welds is to be used only for the intended purpose.

8.1.2 Preferably the required coverage is to be achieved by automatic methods with positive control of:

a) coil/material configuration;

b) speed of scanning;

c) scanning helix, where applicable (see 8.3).

8.2 Test Coils

8.2.1 The equipment is to be capable of energising test coils with alternating currents of suitable frequencies
and of sensing the changes in the electrical characteristics of the test coils.

8.2.2 The test coils are to be capable of inducing current in the item under test and of sensing changes in
the electrical characteristics of the item. Coils may be encircling types or probe types depending upon the
application.

5
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION

Procedure Issue No Date


No
Company Procedure draft by
Approved by
Examination conducted by
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
Title Material Type
Contract/Order Material Spec
No
Drawing No
Method of manufacture: Casting/Forging/Weld/Other
Area(s) examined Locations
Surface Condition Surface Preparation

Acceptance Standard Specification


TECHNIQUE DETAILS
1. Equipment
Make/Model
Method of monitoring/recording
Type of test coils/probes
Size of test coils/probes
Frequency test coils/probes
2. Technique
Coils/probes arrangement
System used
Saturation (if used)
Speed of test.
Probe scanning method
or grid used
3. Calibration
Details of calibration standards

Calibration procedure

Sensitivity
Method of production checks
Frequency production checks
Method of recording results
Add supplementary information and sketches as necessary to show the coverage of the item under
test.

4. Results of the Examination

Figure 1 - Eddy Current Inspection Report

6
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

8.3 Driving Mechanism

In automated or semi-automated systems, means are to be provided for passing the item through the test
coil system or for traversing the test coil system across the item, at a uniform speed with minimum vibration
of the coil system and of the item under test and for maintaining the item substantially concentric with the
test coil system. The equipment is to be capable of imparting relative movement which is rotational and or
translational, thereby permitting a helical test pitch to be obtained.

9 Calibration Standards

9.1 Test pieces are to be prepared from suitable lengths of material which simulate the item to be tested
with regard to sectional dimensions, material type, metallurgical condition and surface finish. Reference
standards (see 4.4) are to be incorporated in the test pieces, in the form of holes, notched or slits. When
using manually operated equipment, a flaw-free calibration test piece (see 4.1) of the same material type as
that under examination is to be additionally provided for reference.

9.2 For tubing the reference standards are to be either:

a) Internal and/or external notches aligned either longitudinally or transversely as appropriate and
whose dimensions are:

Length: 25 mm nominal
Depth: t/20 or 0.1 mm whichever is greater
Width: 1.6 mm maximum
Where t is the nominal wall thickness of the tube being examined.
The notches in the material surfaces are to be separated in such a way that they can be clearly
and individually resolved under production conditions.

b) Three holes of the same nominal diameter drilled through the tube wall perpendicular to the
surface and displaced circumferentially 120 degrees from each other; axial separation from
each other and the ends of the calibration test piece is to be such that the holes can be resolved
clearly and individually under production conditions; the hole diameter is to be in accordance
with Table 1 unless otherwise agreed between the Design Authority and the Examining
Authority.

Tube Nominal OD mm Hole Nominal Diameter mm


Over 6.3 up to and including 19 0.65 max
Over 19 up to and including 25 0.80 max
Over 25 up to and including 32 0.92 max
Over 32 up to and including 38 1.10 max
Over 38 up to and including 44 1.20 max
Over 44 up to and including 50 1.40 max
Over 50 up to and including 63 1.60 max

Table 1 - Reference Standard Hole Diameters

9.3 Calibration test pieces for welded tubing are to contain reference standards in the weld method and
additionally in the parent metal when both materials are to be examined.

9.4 For bar material, notches or slits are to be cut in the material surface and spaced as for tubes.

9.5 The reference standard disposition, dimensions, orientation and numbers for components other than
tubes or bars are to be as agreed between the Design Authority and the Examining Authority. The reference

7
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

standards are to be spaced such that they can be clearly and individually resolved under production
conditions.

9.6 The introduction of the reference standards into the calibration test piece whether by drilling, spark
erosion or other methods, is to be carried out under controlled conditions in order to minimise disturbance in
adjacent material.

9.7 The preferred methods of introducing the reference targets are respectively:

a) holes - drilling;

b) notches - spark erosion or by thin cutting wheel.

9.8 The accuracy of the calibration test piece, and reference standard dimensions and positions, is to be
verified to the satisfaction of the Design Authority.

9.9 Calibration test pieces are to be frequently examined for signs of damage which may impair
performance and are to be renewed accordingly.

10 Equipment Calibration

10.1 The equipment is to be calibrated immediately prior to any test or series of tests to ensure that
sensitivity is adequate and that the equipment is functioning in a consistent and stable manner. The
calibration is to be in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.

10.2 A test piece containing a reference standard(s) is used to calibrate the equipment, to establish the test
sensitivity and to execute routine calibration checks and re-calibration.

10.3 The calibration test piece is to be passed through the test unit or the test unit is to traverse the test
piece at the same relative speed and in the same direction and manner as that to be used in the production
examination. (see 13.1.1.)

10.4 The selected current frequency for production examination is to produce clear and distinctive
indications in the test unit by all the reference standards in the calibration test piece.

10.5 Where specified, a battery check is to be carried out prior to the calibration of portable manually
operated test units used for the examination of weldments. If a low battery condition is indicated, the
batteries are to be replaced or recharged.

10.6 Acceptance Level

To set the equipment to the agreed acceptance level (see clause 5) the appropriate calibration test piece is
to be subjected to the procedure in 10.3. The trigger alarm or monitor level is then to be adjusted until the
acceptance standard will just indicate rejection.

11 Extent of Examination

11.1 Items to be examined are to be completely examined wherever practicable so that all significant
defects are detected irrespective of their orientation.

11.2 When complete coverage cannot be obtained, the actual extent of that achieved is to be stated on the
record of test. Examination of weldments is to be as specified in the Contract. (see 1.6.)

8
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

12 Surface Condition

12.1 Unless otherwise specified in the Contract, acceptance inspection is to be performed on an item in the
final surface condition and the final heat-treated condition.

12.2 All surfaces to be examined are to be free from metallic particles, loose scale and other foreign matter.
Methods used for surface preparation are not to be detrimental to the material or the surface finish.

12.3 Surface preparation of weldments to be examined by instruments designed for the purpose, is to be
limited to the removal of loose scale, paint and corrosion products from the areas to be traversed by the
search probe.

SECTION 2 PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION

12.4 Surface coatings of a conductive nature, eg electroplating, metal spraying or aluminising, may give
misleading results and make balancing of certain instruments impossible and consequently prevent detection
of defects in the base metal. In such cases, it is first to be verified by examination of a similarly coated test
sample, with due consideration of the equipment manufacturer's recommendations, that meaningful results
can be obtained.

13 Production Examination Techniques

13.1 Testing Speed

13.1.1 The relative speed between the item and the test coil is not to vary from that used during the
calibration procedure by more than ± 10%.

13.1.2 The speed of test as applied to the examination of weldments using equipment with meter
indication and hand held probes is not to exceed 1 metre per minute. Where LED indication and gate circuits
are provided, probe speed may be increased to 3 metres per minute.

13.2 Manual Testing

13.2.1 The probe is to be held at a constant attitude to the contact surface and moved in a path parallel
to the weld and adjacent to it. Rocking of the probe and the placing of the probe near to the edge of the
workpiece are to be avoided as both may cause spurious indications which may be misinterpreted as
defects.

13.3 Sensitivity level

13.3.1 The specified sensitivity level is to be assured and maintained under all prevailing examination
conditions for the full duration of the examination of the complete area.

13.3.2 A sensitivity check system is to be applied before production examination begins, at intervals of
approximately 2 hours as examination proceeds and again on conclusion, using the appropriate calibration
test piece. Manually operated equipment is to be checked frequently throughout the examination of the
welds to ensure the correct sensitivity is being maintained and to take account of any local variations in
response to eddy currents in the material.

13.3.3 An indicated sensitivity reduction of more than 2dB will necessitate both re-calibration and the
re-examination of all the material examined since the most recent satisfactory check.

13.4 Defect Indications

All defect indications are to be evaluated in accordance with the specified acceptance standard. (See
clause 5)

9
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

13.5 Additional Tests

Areas containing defect indications observed during the examination of ferromagnetic weldments are to be
additionally tested by magnetic particle examination in accordance with Def Stan 02-729, Part 2, in order to
verify the relevance of these indications and extent of confirmed defect.

14 Records
All records of eddy current examinations are to be sufficiently detailed and in compliance with the agreed
procedure in order to permit proper application of the specified standard of acceptance. Details of retest and
additional tests, as required in 13.5, are to be included with the records.

10
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Annex A
Procurement Check-List

Procurement Check List

Check Check Clause No 9 or


No NA

1 Extent of eddy current examination 1.6


2 Standards for acceptance of defect indications 5
3 Battery check before calibration 10.5
4 Examination of weldments to be specified 11.2
5 Surface condition and heat treatment condition. 12.1
NOTE 1: This Check List is to ensure that certain aspects of this Defence Standard are consulted
when preparing a Statement of Technical Requirements for a particular application.
NOTE 2: Clauses where a preference for an option is to be used or where specific data are to be
added are included in the Check List.
NOTE 3: Each item is to be marked either; included (9), or not applicable (NA).

11
DEF STAN 02-729 Part 3 Issue 2

Intentionally Blank

12
©Crown Copyright 2005

Copying Only as Agreed with DStan

Defence Standards are Published by and Obtainable from:

Defence Procurement Agency

An Executive Agency of The Ministry of Defence

UK Defence Standardization

Kentigern House

65 Brown Street

GLASGOW G2 8EX

DStan Helpdesk

Tel 0141 224 2531/2

Fax 0141 224 2503

Internet e-mail enquiries@dstan.mod.uk

File Reference

The DStan file reference relating to work on this standard is DSTAN/69/2/729/3.

Contract Requirements

When Defence Standards are incorporated into contracts users are responsible for their correct
application and for complying with contractual and statutory requirements. Compliance with a Defence
Standard does not in itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

Revision of Defence Standards

Defence Standards are revised as necessary by an up issue or amendment. It is important that users
of Defence Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest issue or amendment.
Information on all Defence Standards can be found on the DStan Website www.dstan.mod.uk updated
weekly and supplemented regularly by Standards in Defence News (SID News). Any person who,
when making use of a Defence Standard encounters an inaccuracy or ambiguity is requested to notify
UK Defence Standardization (DStan) without delay on order that the matter may be investigated and
appropriate action taken.