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# FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK

## UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA

Semester 1 2018/2019

BEKB 3551
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
LABORATORY III

## CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING

LAB
PART 1: MATLAB TIME RESPONSE SIMULATION
PART 2: TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM (Open & Closed Loop System)

## Group Members :______________________________________

:______________________________________
:______________________________________
Lab Group :______________________________________
Program/Section :______________________________________
Date :______________________________________

Prepared by Prof. Madya Dr Chong, Dr Saifulza, Dr
Ruzaini
Lecturer
Confirmed by Prof. Madya Dr Mohd Luqman Bin Mohd
Jamil
TDA
BEKB 3551 LAB CONTROL

## PART 1: TIME RESPONSE SIMULATION USING MATLAB/ Simulink

OBJECTIVE
i. To simulate an open-loop system, and feedback control system using MATLAB / Simulink.
ii. To analyze the transient response (peak time, rise time, settling time, percent overshoot) and steady-
state response performance (steady-state error) of the system.

EQUIPMENT
1 Computer with MATLAB and Simulink installed

PROBLEM STATEMENT
MARDI has been working on the Passive Solar Greenhouse that focuses on chillies plantation for the past few
months. Within this big scale project, several small groups have been divided based on their specific task. As a
trainee engineer from the Mechanisation and Automation Department, you were assigned under the Irrigation
System Group. The purpose of irrigation system in this project is to continuously supply water to the plants to
maintain the humidity level of the soil. This is realized by applying the concept of open-loop or closed-loop
control system. The transfer function of the system is given by

1
G(s) =
s + 3s + 4
2

You were asked to simulate the open-loop performance and an uncompensated feedback control response of the
system before an appropriate controller is proposed to improve the transient and steady-state performance. For
that, you are required to follow the steps below:

1. Simulate the open-loop humidity response of the given system. Plot your numerical responses as shown
in Figure 1.
2. Analysis your open-loop responses based on its transient characteristics and steady-state performance.
3. Simulate and analysis the uncompensated feedback control performance (feedback system without
controller) of the given system. You have to plot the uncompensated response and discuss them.
4. Design a proportional controller as a feedback control for the given system in order to improve the
transient and steady-state performance. You have to plot the feedback control performance and discuss
them.

Open-loop Response

Humidity response
Step input
1

0.8
Humidity (g/m3)

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Time (s)

## INSTRUCTOR: DR.SAIFULZA/ DR.CHONG/ 2

DR.RUZAINI
BEKB 3551 LAB CONTROL

## Figure 1: Open-loop Response

PART 2: TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM

OBJECTIVE
1. Observe and explain the operation of open-loop and closed-loop temperature control system.
2. Analyze the performance characteristics of the open-loop and closed-loop temperature control
system.

EQUIPMENT
Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer model 3521
Stopwatch

## Figure 1 The front panel of Process Control Trainer

INSTRUCTOR: DR.SAIFULZA/ DR.CHONG/ 3
DR.RUZAINI
BEKB 3551 LAB CONTROL

Figure 1 show the front panel of the Process Control Trainer, which is divided into many functional
blocks. In the trainer, the physical parameter to be controlled is the temperature of a radiator. It uses
heater and a fan to warm up and cool the radiator respectively. A technique called time proportional
power control is used in order to have a linear control of the power supplied to the HEATER. The
TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER allows the temperature in radiator to be measured and converted
into a proportional electrical signal. It uses a type J thermocouple sensor which converts temperature
into a proportional electrical signal. A signal conditioner is form by the TRIANGLE-WAVE
GENERATOR, the LEVEL COMPARATOR WITH HYSTERESIS, the POWER SOURCE and the
SOLID STATE RELAY to transform a low voltage into an amount of power proportional to the value
of that voltage. The DC VOLTMETER is used to measure and adjust voltages in the process control
loop.

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Radiator is one of the most important operating components in automobile. Responsible for
keeping the automobile's engine at a safe operating temperature, a malfunctioning automotive radiator
could mean big trouble. Auto radiator problems can often develop cause by small particles of dirt and
rust clogging up the essential elements, which prevent the car radiator from being able to cool the
engine properly. If this happens, the vehicle will over heat, potentially causing break down. The best
way to avoid such problem is with regular routine maintenance and service.

The car radiator temperature control system uses a heater and a fan to warm and cool the
radiator, respectively to maintain the temperature of a radiator at a desired value. In brief, the heater is
switch on and off at regular intervals to meet the heating demand and stabilize the temperature.
However, in any process control, there exist parameters which affect the controlled variable referred as
loads and disturbances. The temperature in radiator might deviate due to internal heat loss and extreme
outdoor temperature. Therefore, to compensate the error, the control element must be readjusted
constantly. To do so, the information on the controlled variable must be fed back to the controller.

As a trainee engineer, conduct experiments to test the two configurations mentioned using the
Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer model 3521. Make the necessary connections and induce heat loss
(load) to the process. Observe the relationship between the temperature of the radiator and time, and
the systems performance. From the experiments, produce a comprehensive report on the test
procedures results, analysis and discussion of the system performances. Conclude you report with the
comparison of the two control system configurations.

PRECAUTION
Please be aware of the following hazards:
a. To avoid electric shock, connecting circuits is permitted only after power has been disconnected.
After finishing the connection of experiment circuit or doing any modification on the experiment
circuit, please ask the instructor to verify whether it is right or not before turning on the power
supply.
b. Always choose sufficiently long leads; do not connect two or more short leads to make one long

## INSTRUCTOR: DR.SAIFULZA/ DR.CHONG/ 4

DR.RUZAINI
BEKB 3551 LAB CONTROL

c. Before proceed with different test, let the system operate and wait until the temperature display is
approximately equal to the room temperature.

DR.RUZAINI