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Titre original : CE6601 - By EasyEngineering.net

Transféré par pmali2

- CE1401
- P2-16-7
- TensarTech Ares
- Anchor TAS Approved
- Retaining Walls -Concrete Dgn_ACI318-89
- LateralEarthPressures-Sivakugan
- Anchors (Ground Reinforcement)
- Mine
- Retaining Walls
- RE in raiway
- Bearing Pressure
- ABG Green Retaining Wall Guide
- Computer Aided Analysis and Design of Retaining Walls.pdf
- hard
- Presentation 1
- مقاله اول
- meici1573
- Cofferdam s
- RW - gil
- BCA Exemption List -01

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Table of contents

S.NO C O N TE N T S PAGE NO

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c

Part-A

d

w.E Part-B 3

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Part-A asy

Unit II –Water Tank 50

f Part-B En 52

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Unit III – Selected Topic 85

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Part-A

Part-B

ee rin 87

g.n 111

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Part-A et

j Part-B 113

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Part-A

l Part-B 126

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ξ To give an exposure to the design of continuous beams, slabs, staircases, walls and

brick masonry structures and to introduce yield line theory.

ξ The student shall have a comprehensive design knowledge related to various structural

systems

ξ Understanding and be familiar with the design knowledge related to structures,

systems that are likely to be encountered in professional practice

Course Objectives:

ξ This course covers the design of Reinforced Concrete Structures such as Retaining

W all, W ater Tanks, Staircases, Flat slabs and Principles of design pertaining to Box

ξ At the end of the course student has a comprehensive design knowledge related to

structures, systems that are likely to be encountered in professional practice.

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ξ To give an exposure to the design of continuous beams, slabs, staircases, walls and

brick Masonry structures and to introduce yield line theory.

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ξ To provide the student with the ability to Design involved in buildings, water supply and

Retaining W all, and also to equip the student with the ability to draw the Curtailment

Details.

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ξ To get a pass percentage of 100% in the Anna university exam

outcomes,

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ξ Students successfully completing this module will come out with the following

ξ Gain knowledge about Prepare Steel Quantity

ξ Understand the concepts of Design Procedure

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ξ Student should also be able to Draw Reinforcement details

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ξ The student shall have a comprehensive design knowledge related to various structural

Systems.

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OBJECTIVES:

�To give an exposure to the design of continuous beams, slabs, staircases, walls and brick

masonry structures and to introduce yield line theory.

Design of rectangular and circular water tanks both below and above ground level - Design of

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circular slab.

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UNIT III- SELECTED TOPICS 9

Design of staircases (ordinary and doglegged) – Design of flat slabs – Principles of design of mat

foundation, box culvert and road bridges

UNIT IV - YIELD LINE THEORYasy 9

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Assumptions - Characteristics of yield line - Determination of collapse load / plastic moment -

Application of virtual work method - square, rectangular, circular and triangular slabs – Design

problems

UNIT -V -BRICK MASONRY gin 9

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Introduction, Classification of walls, Lateral supports and stability, effective height of wall and

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columns, effective length of walls, design loads, load dispersion, permissible stresses, design of

axially and eccentrically loaded brick walls

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS g.n

OUTCOMES:

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� The student shall have a comprehensive design knowledge related to various structural systems.

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TEXT BOOKS:

Limited, 2012.

2. Dayaratnam, P., “Brick and Reinforced Brick Structures”, Oxford & IBH Publishing House,

199 7

3. Punmia B.C, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun K.Jain, "R.C.C. Designs Reinforced Concrete

4. Varghese.P.C., "Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design", Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,

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New Delhi, 2012.

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REFERENCES:

1. Mallick, D.K. and Gupta A.P., “Reinforced Concrete”, Oxford and IBH Publishing

Company,1997

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2. Syal, I.C. and Goel, A.K., “Reinforced Concrete Structures”, A.H. W heelers & Co. Pvt. Ltd.,

1 99 858 En

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3. Ram Chandra.N. and Virendra Gehlot, “Limit State Design”, Standard Book House, 2004.

Delhi, 2013. ee

4. Subramanian. N., "Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures", Oxford University, New

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5. IS456:2000, Code of practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete, Bureau of Indian

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6. IS1905:1987, Code of Practice for Structural use of Unreinforced Masonry Bureau of

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Unit B ook

Topic Hours Cumulative

No. No.

planned hours

1 Introduction T1.T3 1 1

T1.T3 4

3 Design of Cantilever Retaining walls 1

4 Design of Cantilever Retaining walls T1.T3 1 5

Design of Counterfort Retaining walls T1.T3 6

5 1

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Design of Counterfort Retaining walls T1.T3

1

7

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Design of Counterfort Retaining walls T1.T3

T1.T3

2

9

11

8

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Design of rectangular Below GL

T1.T3

2

13

9

GL En

Design of circular water tanks Below

2

10 gin

Design of rectangular Above GL 1

14

11 ee

Design of rectangular Above GL

Design of circular water tanks Above T1.T3 rin 1

15

16

12

GL

T1.T3 g.n1

17

13

14

Design of circular slab.

T1.T3 et

1

1

18

T1.T3 20

15 Design of staircases ordinary 2

T1.T3 21

16 Design of staircases doglegged 1

T1.T3 25

18 Principles of design of mat foundation 2

T1.T3 26

19 Principles of design of box culvert 1

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T1.T3 28

21 Assumptions - 1

T1.T3 30

23 Determination of collapse load 1

T1.T3 33

25 Application of virtual work method - 2

T1.T3 35

26 square, rectangular, 2

circular and triangular slabs – Design T1.T3

27 2 37

problems

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28 Introduction, Classification of walls,

T1.T3

1

38

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Lateral supports and stability, effective

height of wall

T1.T3 2 40

30

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columns, effective length of walls,

T1.T3

T1.T3

1

1

41

42

31

32 En

design loads, load dispersion,

permissible stresses, T1.T3 1 43

33 gin

design of axially and eccentrically

T1.T3 1 44

34

loaded brick walls

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design of axially and eccentrically

loaded brick walls

T1.T3

rin 1 45

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Part-A

1. What are the types of retaining w alls? AUC Nov/Dec-2011)

Cantilever retaining wall

Counterfort retaining wall

Buttress retaining wall

Basement or foundation

wall

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13)(May/Jun-2012)

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2. Name the tw o important stability aspects? (AUC Nov/Dec-2011, 12,

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Stability against

overturning

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Stability against sliding

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Stability of foundation base

2012) rin

(AUC Nov/Dec-

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A gravity wall made of plain concrete or brick masonry. The stability of the

wall is maintained by its weight. It is generally made up to a height of 3m of wall.

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4. How the vertical stem of a counterfort retaining w all is designed? (AUC

May/Jun-2012)

The stem is designed as a continuous slab with span equal to the spacing of

counterforts. The spacing of counterforts may vary from 2.5m to 4m.maximum load

on stem is at its lowest portion due to maximum horizontal earth pressure.

Consider one meter height of vertical slab and design for maximum moments.

The maximum negative moment at the end support may be taken as wl2/10 and that

at intermediate supports as wl2/12, where l is the span and w is the earth pressure

intensity at the lowest portion of vertical slab.

The reinforcement curtailed towards the top. The section is checked for shear

and end anchorage.

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5.What is the structural action betw een cantilever and counterfort type

retaining w all? (AUC May/Jun-2013)

In cantilever retaining wall the pressure and other forces are withstand by the

stem of the retaining wall and base slab.

In counterfort retaining wall is provided the height of retaining wall is more

than 6m.the walls also provided perpendicular to stem wall. The counterfort act as

support to stem and heel slab.

(AUC May/Jun-2013)

The weep hole is provided in the retaining wall for the purpose of water distribution

through the hole from the back fill materials.

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The weep hole is act as drainage in the hilly side retaining walls due to the rain

water.

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7. A cantilever retaining wall supports an inclined backfill. Sketch the

distribution of active earth pressure on the stem. (AUC

Nov/Dec-2011)

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8.Define Retaining Wall. ee rin

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A retaining wall is a wall, often made of concrete, built for the purpose of

retaining, or holding back, a soil mass (or other material).

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Active Earth Pressure: It is the pressure that at all times are tending to move or

overturn the retaining wall”

Passive Earth Pressure: “It is reactionary pressures that will react in the form of

a resistance to movement of the wall.

It is advantageous to provide a shear key just below the stem so that the

reinforcement can be extended in to shear key. Condition: Factor of safety

against sliding by the frictional force will not be sufficient

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(AUC May/Jun-2012)(AUC Nov/Dec-2011)

underground tanks

2013)

Live load

underground?

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3. What are the conditions to be considered for the cylindrical tank situated

(AUC May/Jun-2013)

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When a water tank is built underground, the wall should be investigated for

both internal water pressure and external earth pressure. The external pressure may

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be due to dry earth or due to a combination of earth and ground water.

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The design principles for such tanks are same as that for tanks resting on

ground. In such case of tank built below ground with earth covering the roof will be a

trapezoidal lateral pressure on the wall.

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g.n

4. Sketch the variation of hoop stress betw een the crow n and base of a

hemispherical top cover dome carrying uniformly distributed load per unit

surface area.(AUC Nov/Dec-2013)

et

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analysis of w alls of an underground rectangular w ater tank, when there is a

possibility of ground water table to rise above the base slab.

(AUC Nov/Dec-2013)

When there is a possibility of ground water table to rise above the base slab,

not only walls are to be designed for saturated soil up to the extent of water above

the base slab, but also the base slab is to be designed for the net uplift pressure of

water. in addition check has to be applied for stability of the as a whole against uplift.

6. For what conditions the underground water tanks are designed and

checked?

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The wall to be designed for both internal water pressure and external earth

pressure.

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The external pressure may be due to dry earth or due to a combination of earth

and ground water.

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The design principles for such tanks are same as that for tanks resting on

ground. In such case of tank built below ground with earth covering the roof will

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be a trapezoidal lateral pressure on the wall.

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7. Name the types of movement joints. (AUC Nov/Dec-2012)

Construction joints

Sliding joints

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(AUC Nov/Dec-2012)

A. the members under direct tension

The members are designed by Dr.Reissners Method and Carpenter's

Method.

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B. the members under bending tension

The members are designed by I.S Code method.

For purpose of analysis let us consider the domes as formed by a series of

horizontal rings of decreasing diameters place one above others. Hence we

apply load on dome it get resisted by their horizontal rings. There will thus be a

thrust of one ring on the other. This thrust is called Meridional thrust

10. Define Hoop stress (f)

Let “T” be the thrust per unit run on the ring. The horizontal component of this

thrust will produce a hoop tension.

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underground w ater tank?

Tank is empty and the surrounding soil is water logged

Tank is full and surrounding soil is water logged

Tank is dry surrounding soil is dry

12.What are the critical cases has to be considered while designing the

underground w ater tank?

When the tank is full

When the tank is empty

13. What are the classifications based on under three heads?

(Iii) Underground W ater Tanks

14. What are the classifications based on shape point of view ?

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Circular tank

Rectangular tank

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Spherical tank

Circular tank with conical bottom

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1. What are the types of staircases? (AUC May/Jun-2012) (AU Nov/Dec-2012)

Half turn stair

Dog legged stair

Open newer stair with quarter space landing

Geometrical stairs such as circular stair, spiral stair, etc.

monolithically with the supporting columns and is reinforced in two or more directions,

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without any provision of beams.

3. What is the thickness of flat slab with drops and without drops?

w.E The thickness of the drop shall be 1.25 to 1.5 times the thickness of

the slab. The thickness of the flat slab without drop is less than

125mm.

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4. Distinguish between one way shear and punching shear in flat slabs.

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The one way shear is located near the column head due to the shear force on

the joint. Punching shear is located the panels for the shear is created by the

loads.

ee rin

5. What are the load cases for which a box culvert should be designed to remain

safe?

g.n

(AUC Nov/Dec-2013)

The box culvert is subjected to soil load from outside and water load from inside.

No water flowing in the drain. The box culvert will be dry from inside, and the

Water in box, which will be subjected to earth pressure from outside and water

pressure from inside.

(AU May/Jun-12) (AU Nov/Dec-11)

The panels should be rectangular and the ratio of longer span to shorter span

within a panel shall not be greater than 2.0.

The successive span length in each direction shall not differ by more than one

third of the longer span. The end spans may be shorter but not longer than the

interior spans. The design live load should not exceed three times the design

dead load.

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Slab with drops and column with column head

8. What do you mean by column strip and middle strip in flat slab?

Column strip is a design strip having a width of 0.25L2 but not greater than 0.25 L1 on

each side of the column center line where L1 is the span in the direction, moments

are being determined, measured center to center of supports and L2 is the span

traverse to L1 measured center to center of the support. Middle strip is a design strip

bounded on each of its opposite sides by the column strip.

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9. Define Concrete Wall.

w.EW hen the steel percentage is low (0.4%), the wall is assumed to carry the

whole load with out the help of steel reinforcement and it’s called as plain concrete

wall

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10.What is short& long column?

En

Effective height/ Effective thickness do not exceed 12.If it exceed more than 12 (or)

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equal, its consider as long (or) slender column

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Case (I) Design of short braced R.C

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wall

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R.C wall et

Case (III) Design of short Un braced

R.C wall

These are provided for conveying water to serve the following requirements

To serve as means for a cross drainage

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PART-A

(May/Jun-2013) (Nov/Dec-2011) (May/Jun-2012)

The reinforcing bars are fully yielded across the yield lines at failure.

The yield lines divide the slab into various segments who in turn behave

classically.

The entire deformation take place only in the yield lines and the individual

segments of the slab are plane segments in the collapse condition.

ww The bending and twisting moments have the maximum values and are uniformly

distributed along the yield lines.

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The yield lines are straight at in intersection of individual inclined segments.

asy

2. Define yield line theory. (May/Jun-2013)

The yield line theory is largely based upon the yield lines that develop in any

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reinforced concrete slab (rectangular, circular, square or any other geometrical shape in

plan) before its final collapse. This stage reaches under loads approaching collapse load

gin

or ultimate load that the slab can carry.

The collapse loads, movements and shears can be calculated from the crack pattern

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developed in slab, under idealized support conditions and only uniformly distributed loads.

2012) rin

(Nov/Dec-2011)(May/Jun-

Yield lines are straight g.n

axes of rotation of adjacent slab et

A yield line or yield line produced passes through the intersection of the

Axes of rotation generally lie along lines of supports and pass over any

columns.

rectangular, circular with different types of edge conditions is preceded by a characteristic

pattern of cracks, which are generally referred to as yield lines.

forces is subjected to a virtual deformation compatible with its condition of support, the

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work done by these forces on the displacements associated with the virtual deformation is

equal to the work done by the internal stresses on the strains associated with this

deformation.

slab? (Nov/Dec-2012)

If the reinforcement in the two directions is not the same, it is said to be

orthotropically

reinforced slab.

slab? (Nov/Dec-2012)

The ultimate moment of resistance in an isotropically reinforced slab, in any

ww direction, is

the same.

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8. Draw the typical yield line pattern for different

slabs.

(Nov/Dec-2012) (Nov/Dec-

2013)

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9. What are the two methods of determining the ultimate load capacity of

reinforced concrete slabs?

Virtual work

method Equilibrium

method

In the yield line method, the computation of ultimate load is based on the pattern of

yield lines that are developed in the slabs under conditions approaching collapse.

ww A yield line is defined as a line in the plane of the slab across which reinforcing

bars have yielded and about which excessive deformation under constant limit moment

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continues to yield leading to failure.

asy

12.State the location of maximum shear force in a simple beam with any kind of

loading.

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In a simple beam with any kind of load, the maximum positive shear force occurs

at the left hand support and maximum negative shear force occurs at right hand

support.

gin

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13. What is meant by maximum shear force diagram?

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Due to a given system of rolling loads the maximum shear force for every section of

the girder can be worked out by placing the loads in appropriate positions. When these

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are plotted for all the sections of the girder, the diagram that we obtain is the maximum

shear force diagram. This diagram yields the ‘design shear’ for each

In certain long trusses the web members can develop either tension or

et

compression depending upon the position of live loads. This tendency to change the

nature of stresses is called reversal of stresses.

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PART-A

1. What is effective length of brick wall when the wall is continuous?

(AU May/Jun 2013)

(AUC May/Jun 2013)

ww

compressive stress as given in table 8 and multiplying this value by factor known as

o Stress reduction factor

o Area reduction factor

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3. How the brick masonry walls are classified?

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Load bearing wall

Non load bearing wall

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4. What is mean by slenderness ratio of a masonry wall? (AUC Nov/Dec 2012)

ee rin

The slenderness ratio of a masonry wall is defined as the effective height

divided by the effective thickness or its effective length divided by the effective

thickness, whichever is less.

g.n

6. Name the various types of masonry walls used in building construction.

(AUC Nov/Dec 2012) (AUC May/Jun 2012) et

o Partition walls

o Party walls

Separating walls

7. Obtain the stress reduction factor for an eccentrically loaded masonry member

with slenderness ratio of 12 and eccentricity to thickness ratio of 1/12.

(AUC Nov/Dec 2013) .

From table 9 (IS: 1905-1987) stress reduction factor for slenderness ratio and

eccentricity. The stress reduction factor for slenderness ratio is 12 and

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8. Why is it intended to limit the slenderness of the load bearing masonry wall?

(AUC Nov/Dec 2013)

Load bearing masonry walls the slenderness ratio is the important design

criteria, so to limit we limit the slenderness of the load bearing wall.

Net cross sectional area of a masonry unit shall be taken as the gross cross

sectional area minus the area of cellular space. Gross cross sectional area of

ww

cored units shall be determined to the outside of the coring but cross sectional area

of groves shall not be deducted from the gross cross sectional area to obtain the net

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cross sectional area.

asy

Arrangements of masonry units in successive courses to tie the masonry together

both longitudinally and transversely the arrangement is usually worked out to ensure

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that no vertical joint of one course is exactly over the one in the next course above or

gin

below it, and there is maximum possible amount of lap.

11. How will you calculating effective length, effective height and effective

thickness?

ee rin

g.n

The height of a wall in column to be consider as slenderness ratio. The thickness

of a wall or column to be consider for calculating slenderness ratio. The length of a

wall in column to be considered as slenderness ratio

et

A support which enables a masonry element to resist the lateral and

restrains or lateral deflection of a masonry element at the point of support.

thickness or effective length divided by the effective thickness is less.

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Seventh Semester

Civil Engineering

AND BRICK MASONRY STRUCTURES

ww (Regulation 2008/2010)

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Masonry Structures for B.E. (Part-Time) Fifth Semester Civil Engineering-

Regulation 2009/2010)

~

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Time: Three hours Maximum: 100 marks

(IS 456-2000, IS 1905 - 1987 and SP 16 Design Charts tables are permitted)

E

Use of relevant BIS standards and hand book is permitted.

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(Assume any other data if necessary and indicate them clearly)

nee

Answer ALL questions.

PART A- (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

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2. ~at

3.

is the function of Counterforts in a retaining wall?

g.n

What are the essential requirements for an impervious water tank?

water tank design.

et

5V How will you calculate the load effects on a stairs waist slab spanning in the

longitudinal direction? ' ' ,

6V What are the limitations in direct design method for flat slab?

~at are the fac~ors affecting the design of masonry wall buildings?

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PART B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks) .

.11. (a) Design a Cantilever retaining wall to retain earth embankment with a

horizontal top 4 m above ground level. Density of earth =18 kN/m3.Angle

of internal friction rjJ =30°. SBC of soil is 200 k Nzm". Take coefficient of

friction between soil and concrete as 0.55. Adopt Msograde concrete and

Fe415HYSD bars.

Or

(b) Jl6'sign the stem of a counterfort retaining wall if the height of wall above

~round level= 6 m. SBC of soil is 170 kN/m3. Angle of internal friction

rjJ = 32° Density of soil=18 k Nzm". Spacing of counterfort 3 m c/c. Take

coefficient of friction between soil and concrete as 0.5. Adopt M20grade

concrete and Fe500HYSD bars.

wwJ

12. (a) }?esign the Top dome, Ring beam and Cylindrical tank wall of

~.C circular tank resting on ground with flexible base and spherical

dome for a capacity of 5 Lakhs litres. The depth of storage is. to be

w.E

4 m allow free board of 200 mm use M20concrete and Fe415steel.

Or

(b)

asy

A rectangular RCC water tank with an open top is required to store

1 Lakhs litters of water. The inside dimensions of the tank may be taken

E

as6 m x 4 m:"The tank rests on wall ~n all the four sides. Design the side

ngi

walls of the tank using M20grade concrete and Fe500HYSD bars.

13. (~.)

. . nee

esign a dog legged stair for a building in which the vertical distance

between the floors is 3.5 m. The stair hall measures 3.5 m x 5.5. The live

load may be taken as 3 kN/m2• Use M20 grade concrete and

.

Fe415steel.

rin

(b)

Or

g.n

Design a reinforced concrete slab culvert for class AA loading for the

following data. Clear span = 6 m. Clear width of road ways = 6.8 m.

Thickness of wearing coat = 80mm. Width of kerbs = 600 mm. Grade of

concrete M20.Grade of steel Fe50o.

et

14. (a) Explain the guidelines to draw the possible yield patterns and locate the

axes of rotations.

Or

along the edges and has to carry a service live load of 4 kN/m2. Assume

coefficient of orthotropy = 0.75. Use M25Grade concrete and Fe415HYSD

bars. The design may be restricted to bending only.

2 91253

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15. (a) What are the factors to be considered while designing the brick masonry

with respect to stability and lateral supports on the structure?

Explain in detail.

Or

(b) Design a brick column of height 3.5 m to carry an axial load of 120 kN

. ridth of brick colunm is limited to 460 mm "f(jr architectural reason.

V·~doPt cement lime mortar of proportion 1:1:6 and first class brick with

10 Nzmm" strength the column may be taken as tensed restrain.

ww

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I .

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