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NUMBER Q01-E13

REV. NO. 0
ENGINEERING STANDARD DATE JUL 1999
PAGE 1 OF 11

Vessel Lifting Lugs:


Trunnion and Double-Ring Type

This document is issued by Engineering Standards Group, SABIC Engineering & Projects Management, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
All information contained in this document is the confidential property of SABIC. It can not be disclosed, copied or used for any purpose
without prior approval from SABIC. If you are not authorized to posses this document, please destroy it immediately.
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 2 OF 11

CONTENTS

1. SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 3
2. REFERENCES 3
3. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 3
4. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS .............................................................................. 3
5. TRUNNION LIFTING LUGS 4
6. DOUBLE-RING LIFTING LUGS 4
7. CHECK OF SHELL, SKIRT OR BASE RING FOR TAILING
LUG REACTION ............................................................................................... 4
8. SAFETY 4

FIGURE
1 Typical Orientation of Lugs with Respect to Nozzles 5
2 Recommended Shipping and Erection Positions for Columns ......................... 6
2A. Column in Horizontal Position 6
2B. Column in Vertical Position 6
3 Trunnion-Type Lug with Load Carried by Cable Sling around
Trunnion Pipe (25,000 kg Maximum)................................................................ 7
4 Trunnion Lug with Fixed-End Lifting Plate 8
5 Trunnion-Type Lug with Rotating Lifting Plate 9
6 Double-Ring Type Lifting Lugs........................................................................ 10
7 Typical Reinforcing Pad to Reduce Shell or Skirt Stress due to Lifting 10

TABLE
I Recommended Standard Lifting Plate 11
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 3 OF 11

1. Scope
1.1 This standard provides the design criteria for trunnion and double-ring type lifting lugs for vertical vessels and
columns.
1.2 Data on the design and use of the rigging equipment and associated hardware is not within the scope of this
standard.
1.3 Design for erecting a column or vessel in two or more sections is not within the scope of this standard. Specific
procedure shall be developed by the design engineer in such cases.

2. References
Reference is made in this standard to the following document. The latest issue, amendments, and supplements to this
document shall apply unless otherwise indicated.
SABIC Engineering Standards (SES)
Q01-E15 Vessel Lifting Lug Two Plate Type

3. General Requirements
3.1 Vessel/column fabricator shall be responsible for calculating the strength of the lug and for checking the stress in
the shell to which the lug is attached. Responsibility shall include checking the shell or skirt thicknesses for the load
transmitted by a tailing lug.
3.2 The lifting lugs shown or described in this standard are not intended for use in the majority of lifting lug
applications. They are intended for special cases where the plate-type lifting lugs described in SES Q01-E15 are not
appropriate.
3.3 For vertical vessels and columns, the use of a tailing lug near the bottom of the vessel is recommended. The
vendor’s vessel drawing shall note that the vessel be shipped with the tailing lug at the top when the vessel is in the
horizontal position. A cable sling as a tailing support is satisfactory if more convenient or economical than the use of a
tailing lug.
3.4 Figures 2A and 2B show the recommended lug positions when shipping and erecting columns and vertical
vessels. Details for recommended trunnion-type lugs are shown in Figures 3, 4, and 5.

4. Design Requirements
4.1 The basic loading assumption is that the design load at each lug shall be twice the actual lifted load at each lug to
allow for dynamic loading encountered when lifting the vessels.
4.2 Vertical vessels and columns shall be lifted by using a spreader so that the applied load is vertical (parallel to the
vessel or column axis). Vendor shall specify on drawing that spreader is required.
4.3 The location of lifting lugs shall be considered with respect to large nozzles and manways. Lugs shall be located
90° away from large nozzles when the vessel is in the horizontal position. See Figure 1.
4.4 Sizing of lugs and trunnion parts, and checking of shell stresses shall be based on maximum reactions that can
occur in the horizontal and vertical positions of the column and shall include a dynamic loading factor of 2. A beam
analysis shall be carried out to find the reactions at the trunnions and at the tailing lug. Column center of gravity shall
be obtained from the vessel computer program output for reaction analyses.
4.5 The size of the trunnion pipe is most often controlled by the shell stresses rather than by those of the lug
components. Therefore, the shell investigation should be made first for determination of the required trunnion pipe
radius for the trunnion lugs shown in Figures 3, 4, and 5 with the vessel in both the vertical and the horizontal
positions.
4.6 The trunnion pipe which has been sized to satisfy shell stresses shall be checked for adequate section modulus
and cross-sectional area of pipe metal with the column or vessel in both the vertical and horizontal positions. Once the
minimum required section modulus (Z) and area (A) are calculated the controlling value should be rounded up to a
commercially available pipe size. As a minimum, standard weight pipe shall be used.
4.7 For the design of end plates for the lugs shown on Figures 4 and 5, recommended standard plates are shown in
Table I. After determining the maximum erected weight of the vessel, select the applicable plate from the table,
choosing the higher value of the weight falls between two values.
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 4 OF 11

5. Trunnion Lifting Lugs


5.1 Trunnion lug with the load carried by a cable sling as shown in Figure 3 is preferred for small lifts of under
25 tonnes. It is the most economical trunnion-type lug. Also, when the cable is properly lubricated to prevent abrasion
and erratic movement during rotation from the horizontal to the vertical position, the lug generates insignificant twisting
moment on the trunnion.
5.2 Trunnion lug with the load carried by a fixed-end lifting plate as shown in Figure 4 is preferred for heavier single lifts
of over 25 tonnes, where the lifting plate would be used for that lift only.
5.3 Trunnion lug with a rotating lifting plate as shown in Figure 5 is used when lugs detailed in Figure 3 or 4 are
inappropriate.
5.4 Trunnion lugs allow the column to be lifted from the horizontal position to the vertical without twisting the shackle or
the trunnion plate to which it is attached, see Figures 3 and 5. This same arrangement can be used to lift individual
sections of the column if it is not to be lifted in one piece.
5.5 Trunnion lugs are usually located close to the top of the column or vessel to avoid interference with nozzles or
platforms during the rotation and lift. Most columns will not be overstressed by this arrangement. They shall be
checked, however, for bending between the points of support (trunnion and tailing lug). The cables shall clear any
obstruction passed during the rotation and lift by a minimum of 25 mm.

6. Double-Ring Lifting Lugs


6.1 Typical details of a double-ring lifting lug are shown in Figure 6. This type of lug may be used in the following
cases:
a. For thin-wall columns, vessels or stacks where trunnion size or reinforcing pad thickness to meet the
requirements of 4.5 are unacceptably large or thick
b. For units that are supported by double rings where the support is located above the center of gravity of the
unit. In this case, two lifting lug plates can be installed, 180° apart, for minimal cost of furnishing a lifting device.

7. Check of Shell, Skirt or Base Ring for Tailing Lug Reaction


If the tailing lug is not attached close to the knuckle line, the shell, skirt or base ring shall be checked for bending in the
horizontal position.

8. Safety
To ensure safety during the erection and installation of the vessel or column, the designer shall be familiar with the
manner in which the erector will use the lifting lugs, and the erector shall be aware of the design limitations of the lugs.
For heavy vessels and columns, it is essential that direct liaison be established between the lifting lug designer and the
responsible construction engineer early in the project to establish mutual agreement on requirements, restrictions, and
methods for lifting such equipment.
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 5 OF 11

FIGURE 1
Typical Orientation of Lugs with Respect to Nozzles
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 6 OF 11

FIGURE 2
Recommended Shipping and Erection Positions for Columns

Figure 2A. Column in Horizontal Position

Figure 2B. Column in Vertical Position


NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 7 OF 11

FIGURE 3
Trunnion-Type Lug with Load Carried by Cable Sling around Trunnion Pipe
(25,000 kg Maximum)
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 8 OF 11

FIGURE 4
Trunnion Lug with Fixed-End Lifting Plate
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 9 OF 11

FIGURE 5
Trunnion-Type Lug with Rotating Lifting Plate
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 10 OF 11

FIGURE 6
Double-Ring Type Lifting Lugs

FIGURE 7
Typical Reinforcing Pad to Reduce Shell or Skirt Stress due to Lifting
NUMBER Q01-E13
Vessel Lifting Lugs: REV. NO. 0
Trunnion and Double-Ring Type DATE JUL 1999
ENGINEERING STANDARD PAGE 11 OF 11

TABLE I
Recommended Standard Lifting Plate

MAXIMUM PIN HOLE


tb d Rl
ERECTION Wt (W) Diameter Diameter
mm mm mm
kg mm mm

3,700 22 29 10 102 64
6,000 25 32 13 127 70
8,700 32 38 16 127 88
11,300 38 44 16 127 114
15,000 41 48 19 127 127
18,000 51 57 19 127 152
21,500 51 57 22 127 152
25,000 57 64 22 127 178
29,000 57 64 25 127 178
32,000 57 64 29 127 178
36,000 70 76 29 152 203
41,000 70 76 32 152 203
45,500 70 76 35 152 203
54,500 83 89 38 152 229
63,500 83 89 44 152 229
79,500 83 102 57 152 229
91,000 83 102 67 216 229
1,02,000 108 114 67 216 254
1,13,500 108 114 73 216 254
1,18,000 108 114 76 216 254