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Table of Contents

Review ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 – 5

Area & Perimeter ------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 – 24

Fractions (with Number Sense)-------------------------------------------------- 25 – 76

Average/Number Sense Review ------------------------------------------------ 77 – 82

Decimals ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 83 – 106

Percent --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 107 – 118

Integers -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 119 – 139

Lines & Angles --------------------------------------------------------------------- 140 – 158

Triangles ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 159 – 168

Geometry Review ------------------------------------------------------------------- 169 – 174

Transformations -------------------------------------------------------------------- 175 – 184

Data Management ------------------------------------------------------------------ 185 – 200

End of Year Review ----------------------------------------------------------------- 200 – 212

Rubrics ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 213 – 214

1
Converting Measurements

meters

Practice:

 4 cm = ______ mm
 60 mm = _____ cm
 7000 m = _____ km
 8 cm = ______ mm
 8 m = ______ cm
 300 cm = _____ m
 1 cm = ______ mm  7 cm = ______ mm
 2 km = ______ m  10 m = ______ cm

2
WHICH OPERATION TO USE…. without solving the following problems,
write whether you would: add, subtract, multiply or divide…

1. There are 544 students at Hadley, and 255 are girls. How many boys are at
Hadley?

2. Sam bought 18 baseball cards, 22 hockey cards and 57 football cards. How
many cards does he have in total?

3. Jack has 74 cards in his collection. He gave 38 to his friend because he doesn’t
want them anymore. How many cards does he have now?

4. At the store, bubble gum cost 2$ per pack. Sally bought 8 packs. How much did it
cost?

5. Sarina borrowed $40 each from 10 different people. How much did she borrow
altogether?

6. Tim has $12 in his wallet. He’s going to a movie which costs $9. How much
money will he have left?

3
7. Andrew spent 10 minutes eating breakfast 15 minutes eating lunch and 20
minutes eating dinner. How much time did he spend eating so far today? If he
does this every day, how much time will he spend eating in a week?

8. Chris bought a pair of shorts on sale for $10. The usual price is $40. How much
did he save? How much would he pay if he bought five?

9. Jane works at the store for $11 an hour. She worked 25 hours last week. What
was the amount on her pay check? How much would it cost to pay a staff of 7
workers for 8 weeks at the same rate?

10. Melanie babysits for $10 an hour. Each night she babysits she makes $50. How
many hours does she babysit in a night? How many weeks would it take to save
up for a 400$ bicycle if she babysits twice a week

4
ROUNDING:

Step 1: Underline the digit to be rounded


Step 2: Write the 2 possible rounding positions
Step 3: Follow the rule:
▪ The digit to the right is a 4 or less, the underlined digit stays the same
▪ The digit to the right is a 5 or greater, the underlined digit becomes one
greater
▪ All the remaining digits can be replaced by zero

Example: 69.098 round to nearest tenths

69.100 69.000 the digit to the right of 0 is a 9 = 69.1 or 69.100

Round to the nearest 10:

54: ____ 79: ____ 12: ____ 303: _____ 486: _____ 160:_____

Round to the nearest 100:

732: ____ 569: _____ 284: _____ 455:_____ 2408:_____ 4347:_____

Round to the nearest 1000:

1348: _____ 5027: _____ 1595: _____ 6387: _____ 3811: ______

Round to the nearest tenths:

3.73: _____ 0.77: _____ 2.5: _____ 0.04: _____ 9.76: ______ 6.38: ______

Round to the nearest hundredths:

19.989:_______ 3.562: _______ 0.345: ______ 459.525: _______

5
Area and Perimeter

** height is always
900 to the base**

Label base (b or B)
and height (h) on
each polygon.

6
VOCABULARY
Fill in the Blanks from the following list
Right Quadrilateral Polygon
Parallelogram Rectangle Square Root
Trapezoid Complex Polygon Base (b or B)
Area Height (h) Square
Perpendicular Triangle Perimeter
Rhombus Congruent Parallel lines

___________: The same size or equal.


___________: If you extend them in either direction they will never connect
___________ or ____________: Two words that mean 900
___________: Any shape made of connected line segments.
___________: Any four-sided Polygon
___________: A quadrilateral that has 2 pairs of parallel sides
___________: A parallelogram with 4 congruent sides
___________: A parallelogram with 4 right angles
___________: A parallelogram with 4 right angles and 4 congruent sides.
___________: The operation used to find the side lengths of a square.
___________: A three-sided polygon.
___________: The distance around a shape. Units are cm, m, km, etc…
___________: The space covered by a shape. Units are cm2, m2, km2, etc…
___________: Any one side of a polygon.
___________: The distance, at 900, from the base of a polygon, to the “top” of
the polygon.

___________: A quadrilateral with 1 pair of parallel sides.


___________: A shape made of more than 1 polygon put together.

7
VOCABULARY
Sketch an example of each
Congruent Lines Polygon

Parallel Lines Quadrilateral (label b and h)

Right (or Perpendicular) Angle Parallelogram (label b and h)

Rhombus (label b and h) Rectangle (label b and h)

Square (label b and h) Complex Polygon (label every base


and height)

Trapezoid (label b, B, and h)

Triangle (label b and h)

8
Take Note!
Perimeter: add up all the sides (the outside of the polygon)

Practice: Find the perimeter of each

 Square with side length of 6 cm  Rectangle with side lengths of 4 cm and 7 cm

 Parallelogram (with no right angles):

4 cm

4.2 cm
4.2 cm

4 cm

 Trapezoid

3 cm

3.2 cm 3.2 cm

2 cm

 Triangle: sides = 7 cm, 6 cm and 8 cm

9
Take Note!
AREA is different for different polygons…
…so ALWAYS WRITE the Area Formula!
Square: Area = base x height

A=bxh
** height is always
900 to the base**
Rectangle: A = b x h

Parallelogram: A = b x h

Rhombus: A = b x h OR A = d1 x d2 ÷ 2 (d = diagonal)

Triangle: A = b x h OR A=bxh÷2
2

Trapezoid: A = [(B + b) x h] (notice both bases are in brackets, so add first, then x h, then ÷ 2)
2
OR A = (B + b) x h ÷ 2

Practice: Construct each of the following and find the area and perimeter.

 Square with base = 3 cm

 Rectangle with base = 11 cm and height = 4 cm

10
 Triangle with base = 5 cm and height = 3 cm

 Parallelogram (with no right angles) with base = 6 cm and height = 2 cm

 Trapezoid with BASE= 7 cm, base = 4 cm and height = 4 cm

 Rhombus with sides = 3 cm

11
Finding base and height when the area is known:
Take NOTE!
Square: what multiplied by itself gets the given area?
For a square ONLY:
Example: Area of a square is 100 cm 2 Side length =

bxh
Take Note! Area
10 x 10

Rectangle and Parallelogram: what base and height multiplied together gets the given area?

Example: Area of rectangle = 56 cm 2

b x h Take Note!
8 x 7 There are many
possible answers
for the base and
Example: Area of parallelogram = 36 cm 2 height for each
example

b x h Take Note!
9 x 4

Triangle: since the formula is base x height ÷ 2, when the area is known, it
needs to multiplied by 2 first, then look for a base x height that gives
the new area.

Example: Area of triangle = 12 cm 2


x 2 = 24
Take Note!

b x h
6 x 4 Verify: A = b x h ÷ 2= 6 x 4 ÷ 2 = 24 ÷ 2 = 12 cm2

Trapezoid: since the formula is [(BASE + base) x height] ÷ 2, when the area is
known, it needs to multiplied by 2 first, then look for a base x height
that gives the new area, then split the bases … some for the bottom
and some for the top.

Example: Area of trapezoid = 14 cm 2


x 2 = 28

b x h Take Note!
7 x 4

B+ b
4 + 3 (B and b cannot be equal)
12
Verify: A = (B + b) x h ÷ 2 = (4 + 3) x 4 ÷ 2 = 7 x 4 ÷ 2= 28 = 14 cm2
Practice: Construct the following polygons

 Square with an area of 36 cm2

 Rectangle with an area of 16 cm2

 Triangle with an area of 5 cm2

 Parallelogram with an area of 21 cm2

13
 Trapezoid with an area of 27 cm2

 Parallelogram with an area of 42 cm2 and a base of 6 cm.

 Triangle with an area of 15 cm2 and a height of 5 cm.

 Trapezoid with an area of 18 cm2 and a height of 3 cm.

 Complex polygon with a perimeter of 26 cm.

14
Area and Perimeter Practice:

 Harvey built a patio in the back yard.


a) What is the area of the patio?
b) What is the total area of the patio and grass?
c) How can you find the area of the grass?
Show your work.

1440 cm 5.6 m
Grass
66 dm
Patio
Grass

5.6 m 1440 cm

 a) Find the height of a parallelogram if the area is 35 cm2 and the base is 5 cm.

b) Find the base of a parallelogram if the area is 126 cm2 and the height is 9 cm.

c) Find the area of a parallelogram if the base is 11 cm and the height is 7 cm.

15
 Measure the height of the following polygons:

a) b)

 Find the area and perimeter of the following polygon:

10 cm

3 cm
6 cm

6 cm

 Measure and find the perimeter of the following polygon:

16
 Mr. Nadeau grows tomatoes in a square-shaped garden and lettuce in a
rectangular-shaped garden. The two gardens have the same width. If the
perimeter of the rectangle is 11 m and its length is 3 m, what is the
perimeter of the square garden?

 The diagram below shows a fence around a yard. With the given
measurements can you determine how many metres of fencing are required?
How much money will be required if the cost of fencing is $35 per metre.

3.5 m
Area = 15.75 m2

 A can of paint covers an area of 18 m2. How many cans of paint are
needed to paint two rectangular walls of a warehouse that are 9 m by 6 m and one
ceiling that is 9 m by 8 m?

 The hotel swimming pool measures 20 m by 8 m. Management wants to put a


2.5 m wide deck around the pool. Calculate the area of the deck.

17
AREA & PERIMETER REVIEW

Multiple choice. Circle the correct answer.

1. What is the area and perimeter of this rectangle? (2 marks)

a) 35mm2 and 24mm2


b) 35mm and 24mm Height = 5 mm
c) 35mm and 24mm2
d) 35mm2 and 24mm Base = 7 mm

2. What is the area of this Triangle? (2 marks)

a) 72cm2
b) 72cm
height = 6 cm
c) 24cm
d) 36cm2 Base = 12 cm

Short Answer. (1/2 mark each)

Shape Formula for area

1. Square

2. Rectangle

3. Parallelogram

4. Rhombus

5. Trapezoid

6. Triangle

18
Question 7 is worth 1 mark
7. Shape Formula for perimeter
b
a a
b

8. Convert the following lengths (1/2 mark each)

7 cm = __________ mm

5000 m = __________ km

4m = __________ cm

10 cm = __________ mm

440 dam = __________ km

688 mm = __________ m

25 dm = __________ cm

1200 cm = __________ km

Long Answer. Show all your work.

9. Calculate the area of the following trapezoid. Remember units. (4 marks)

base = 15 cm

Height = 6 cm
Base = 12 cm

Area = ________________
19
10. Calculate the area of the following complex polygon. Remember units. (6 marks)

20 m
2m 10 m

5m

Area = ______________

11. What is the perimeter of a rectangle if the area is 56 cm2 and other side
measures 8 cm? (4 marks)

56 cm2 8 cm

Perimeter = _________________

20
Application Questions. Your work, every little step, is graded according to the
RUBRIC at the back of the workbook. (10 marks each)

12.Home Garden Center

Danny wants to fertilize a garden that measures 3.8 metres by 5.2 metres.
He has a $25 gift card for the Home Garden Center.
One bag of fertilizer covers an Area of 3.5m².
Each Bag costs $4.40, all taxes included.

Will the gift certificate cover the cost of the fertilizer?


Show your work

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Is the Gift Certificate enough to Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
cover the cost? (yes or no):_________ Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

21
13.Security Zones

A construction zone requires a fence to be installed for security reasons.


The diagram below indicates the dimensions of the zone that needs to be fenced in.

34m

28m
5m

42m

Your supervisor asks you to study the following proposals submitted by two
companies.
Company 1: One metre of fencing costs $26. Installation cost is $1500
Company 2: Fencing is sold in 6 metres. Each section costs $190. The installation
is $1000
Which company offers the best deal and what will be the cost of the fencing?

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
The cheapest deal is offered by: Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
___________________________

22
14.Hawks Renovation

Marc and Anthony’s Construction company is expanding, so they’ve decided


they need a new sign. The original sign is shown below. The new sign will have
a base that is 3 times greater than the original and a height that is 3 times
greater than the original.

a. Calculate the area of the new sign. Use a diagram to show your work.

b. Marc insists that they need to put a neon feather border around the
sign. How long does this border need to be?

c. If the border costs $3/m and the sign material costs $2/m2, how much
more will the new sign cost compared to the original size?

Methods 4 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 4 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 2 16 12 8 4 0
23
Review Score:

Multiple Choice:
8

Short Answer:
8

Long Answer:
14

Application Questions:
30

TOTAL
60

24
FRACTIONS

Parts-and-Whole

For each of the following, be accurate by measuring with a ruler

 If this rectangle is one whole, find one-fourth

 If this rectangle is one whole, find two-thirds

 If this rectangle is one whole, find five-thirds

 If this rectangle is one whole, find three-eighths

 If this rectangle is one whole, find three-halves

25
 If this rectangle is one-third, what could the whole look like?

 If this square is three-fourths, what could the whole look like?

 What fraction of the big square does the small square represent? (In other
words, how many times can the small square fit into the larger one?)

Whole

 What fraction is the large rectangle if the smaller one is the whole?

Whole

26
 If the rectangle for each below is one whole,

a) find one-sixth b) find two-fifths

c) find seven-thirds

 If the following rectangle represents two-thirds, what could the whole look like?

27
 If the following rectangle is one-sixth, what does the whole look like?

 If the following rectangle is four-thirds, what does the whole look like?

 If the following triangle represents one-half, what does the whole look like?

28
Improper and Mixed Numbers

Improper Fractions: 7 , 13 , 3 , 9
4 7 2 5
• more than a whole (the numerator is larger than the denominator)
• can always be written as mixed number ( a whole number and a fraction)

Method  Make wholes

22 7
What makes a whole with this fraction?
7 7

How many 7 can be made out of 22 ?


7 7

7 7 7
= 1 whole = 1 whole = 1 whole ( 21 total so far) and 1 is left.
7 7 7 7 7

So, 22 = 3 1
7 7

Method  Divide the numerator by the denominator Note: A fraction line is a


division line.

3
Remainder 1
22
= 7 22 =3 1 becomes the
7 7 numerator
- 21
1 The denominator
does not change

29
Practice: Choose a method to write each improper fraction as a mixed number.

 7 =  25  17
3 9 5

45
  31  19
10 11 5

8
  14  4
2 4 1

Making an improper fraction from a mixed number:

Method 

5
3 The 3 means there are 3 wholes: 8 , 8 , 8 then there’s 5 = 29
8 8 8 8 8 8

do not change
the denominator

30
Method 

6 3 Denominator (bottom) x whole number + Numerator (top), over the same denominator
4

4×6+3 27
=
4 4

Practice: Choose a method to write each mixed number as an improper fraction.

 3 2  7 5  4 8
3 7 11

 1 3 2 1  6 4
4 5 9

 5 4 2 2 1 5
4 5 12

31
Compare the following fractions. Which fraction in each pair is GREATER?

Use size of the parts, closer to 0, 1/2, 1, drawings and/or models.

DO NOT USE MULTIPLICATION OR COMMON DENOMINATORS

2
 and 2
5 9

4
 and 5
9 9

3
 and 4
8 10

7
 and 7
8 3

3
 and 9
4 10

3
 and 4
8 7

32
5
 and 6
11 11

3
 and 3
5 7

9
 and 4
8 3

5
 and 4
9 8

8
 and 8
13 15

11
 and 8
8 5

1
 and 1
6 7

33
Fractions and Number Lines

Find the fraction each letter represents


A B C

0 1 2
A: ______ B: ______ C: _______


B
A C

0 1

A: ______ B: ______ C: _______

 Construct an appropriate number line and place the following points:

A: 1 B: 3 C: 5 D: 14
2 4 4 8

 On each number line, place a point representing 1 whole.

a)

0 5
9
34
b)

0 5
12

c)

10
18

d)

21
26

e)

1
2

35
Number Sense
Factors: Two whole numbers multiplied together are factors of the product

For example 1, 2, 3, and 6 are factors of 6

Each number divides into 6 with no remainder

Prime Numbers: A prime number can only be divided by itself therefore it has only 2 factors

* 1 is not a prime number because it only has one factor, 1

Here are the first few prime numbers:

2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37

41 43 47 53 61 67 71 73 79 83

89 97 101 ….

Composite Numbers: Has more than 2 factors

8 is a composite number because its factors are 1, 2, 4, 8

Example: List the factors of 24

24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24

Practice: List the factors of each

 45

 28

7

36
Greatest Common Factor (GCF): The largest common factor between 2 numbers

Example: What is the GCF between 12 and 16

12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12

16: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16

Common Factors: 1, 2, 4 GCF = 4

Practice: Find the GCF for the following.

 18 and 24

 21 and 49

 Beth is obsessed with being organized. She even organizes her treats! She has 24
red skittles, 36 green skittles and 48 yellow skittles.

Beth puts them ALL, no leftovers, into piles that each have the same amount of each
colour of skittle. (Ex: maybe each pile has 1 red, 3 green and 2 yellow). Give at least 2
examples of what the piles could look like.

 Scott is about to simplify the following fraction in one step using the GCF. How
can he do it?
18
63

37
Multiples: Counting by the given number

Example: List the multiples of 3

3: 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 …

Practice: List the multiples of:

 12

5

Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)

The smallest number that is common between 2 or more numbers (it is the first common number that
shows up)

Example:

Find the LCM between 8 and 12

8: 8, 16, 24, 32, 40


LCM = 24
12: 12, 24

Practice: Find the LCM between…

 4 and 5

 In order to maintain the ship’s speed, three furnaces were filled at exactly 7 A.M.
Afterwards, the first furnace was filled every 4 hours, the second every 3 hours and
the third every 2 hours. At what time were these three furnaces next filled at the same
time?

 The school is planning a BBQ for about 200 students. They will be serving
hamburgers and pop. At Costco’s, the buns come in bags of 18 and the
patties in boxes of 24. How many of each must the school buy to make about
200 hamburgers and not have any extra buns or patties leftover?

38
Practice: Read the questions below and place an X in the box you think
describes the question type. DO NOT SOLVE.

 Shannon, Sam, and Jordan are adding fractions. They know that to simplify
fractions they must find an equivalent number that will divide into both the
numerator and the denominator.
15
What number did they choose when simplifying 25 ?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

 Today Mariel, Natasha, and Jenny are going to the video store to rent one
DVD each. Mariel rents a DVD every 12 days, Natasha every 16 days, and
Jenny every 18 days. How many times during the next year (365 days) will
these three people go to rent a DVD on the same day?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

 Ms. Mckinnon often asks her math class to work in groups.

• On Monday, she put her students into groups of 3 and had no students left over.
• On Wednesday, she had the students work in groups of 2 but had 1 student left
over.
• On Friday, the students worked in groups of 5 but there were 2 students left over.
• No students were absent on any of these days.

What was the smallest number of students that she could have in her class?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

I challenge you to solve this one…☺

39
 Three buses leave the station at 8:00 a.m., heading out on different routes.

The buses complete each of their round trips back to the station in the
following times:

Bus 1: 45 minutes
Bus 2: 30 minutes
Bus 3: 20 minutes

If they continue their round trips on schedule, at what time will all three buses
first meet back at the station?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

 You are with your friends at the corner store purchasing candies. You have
chosen 105 sour cherries, 75 raspberry sours, and 45 sour keys.
How many friends will you need in order to divide your candies so that each
person obtains equal numbers of sour cherries, raspberry sours, and sour
keys? What are their names?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

 Mr. Clare wishes to cover the ceiling of the gym with square tiles. The
dimensions of the room are 30m by 18m. What is the largest square tile that
will fit perfectly in the ceiling?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

 Scott, and Blake are adding fractions. They know that to add fractions they
must find an equivalent fraction where the denominators are the same.
3 1
What denominator did they choose when adding 4 + 5 ?

GCF type problem  LCM type problem

40
Equivalent Fractions: Fractions that mean the same amount of the whole

///////////// /////////////
2 2 shaded out
of 4 boxes is
4 the same as
1 shaded out
of 2 boxes if
the wholes
are the
////////////////////////////// SAME SIZE

1
2

REMEMBER: the wholes we are comparing are the same size

Practice
Write two (2) equivalent fractions for the following situations.

  
/////// ////////
/// /// //// //// ////
/////// //////// /// /// //// //// ////

41
Writing Equivalent Fractions

To write equivalent fractions, multiply or divide the numerator and denominator by the
same factor:

x2
Examples: 7 = 14 14 ÷ 7
= 2
8 x2 16 35 ÷ 7 5

REMEMBER the “Golden Rule”: “What you do to the top, you do to the
bottom”

How to tell if fractions are equivalent:

 Is the numerator and denominator multiplied or divided by the same


factor?

 Cross-multiply; if the products (answers) are the same,


the fractions are equivalent.
8 x 6 = 48 these are EQUIVALENT fractions
12 x 4 = 48
Example: 8 and 4
12 6

42
Practice: Which of the following situations show equivalent fractions? Show how
you know (multiply or divide by the same factor, or cross multiply).

A. Stephanie ate 2 of her Kit Kat bar; Sam ate 4 of his Kit Kat bar.
5 10

B. Kathy drove 28 km, Ken walked 7 km and Kim ran 14 km.


40 10 20

C. 1 of Tim’s money was loonies and 3 of Jim’s were loonies.


3 6

D. Jack got 24 on his test. Jake got 80 .


30 100

E. There are 16 boys in Ms. Mckinnon’s class. There are 13 girls in Ms. Macleod`s class.
32 26

F. Scott shot 8 baskets, Paul shot 12 and Steve shot 4 .


12 18 6

G. Sue ate 7 of her pizza. Steve ate 13 of his pizza.


8 16

43
H. Stan read 100 pages of his book; Jan read 120 pages and Frank read 80 pages.
105 130 90

I. Ann made 5 serves during the volleyball game; Nathalie made 8 serves.
6 9

J. Dan ate 14 pieces of skittles; Harry ate 7 pieces.


30 15

K. Nancy read 84 pages of her book and Beth read 252 pages.
105 315

L. Roxanne drank 75 ml of her juice. Rick drank 190 ml.


100 200

44
Simplifying Fractions: writing equivalent fractions in lowest terms.

6 3
Example: can be simplified to by dividing both the denominator and numerator by the same factor, 2.
8 4

6 ÷2
= 3
8 ÷2 4

Practice: Express in the simplest form.

 3 _______  18 _______  10 _______  15 _______


6 36 40 35

 16 _______  4 _______  11 _______  120 _______


48 5 32 180

STOP and Review…

 Fill in the blank


___________is on top and it tells us _________________________________________________________

6
13
________________is on bottom and it tells us _________________________________________________

 Fill in the blanks

# parts Fraction Word


2 1 Half
2
1
3
Quarters
45
3 3 2
 Place the following fractions on the number line below: 2 1 , , , 1
5 5 10 10

0 1 2

 Place the following fractions in the proper column in the table below.

3 5 21 3 2 12
38 4 20 5 33 6

Proper fractions Improper Fractions Mixed Number

 Write a single fraction (improper) for 3 3 . How do you know you are right?
7

46
 Rewrite as a mixed number or as an improper fraction as necessary.

23
→ 25
→ 9→
3 9 6
4 5 → 3 7 →
1 13 12
36 →

 Which is greater? Briefly explain why.

4 or 3 11 or 10 7 or 3
5 4 10 11 8 8

22 or 4 2 or 2 13 or 7
50 8 3 5 25 16

 Place in order from least to greatest.

5, 6, 7¸ 3, 11
8 11 8 2 22

 Find 3 fractions equivalent to the following fractions:

a) 5 __________________ b) 8 _____________________
6 11

 Which fraction is not equivalent to the other fractions?

a) 4 , 8 , 9 , 16 , 32 ________ b) 18 , 2 , 14 , 6 , 20 ________
5 10 15 20 40 27 3 21 15 30

 Which of the following fractions are already simplified?

16 15 23 24 7
, , , , _______________________________
24 27 24 32 12

47
Adding and Subtracting Fractions

➢ The denominators have to be the same before we add or subtract the numerators

➢ We add or subtract the numerators only

➢ DO NOT ADD OR SUBTRACT THE DENOMINATORS!

➢ If the denominators are not the same, we must find a common denominator.

➢ Rewrite the fractions with the common denominator.

➢ Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed.

7 1 𝟕 ×1 𝟏 ×4 7 4 3
Example : 2 + 4 = 6 = 1 1 Example : − = − = − =
5 5 5 5 12 3 𝟏𝟐 ×1 𝟑 ×4 12 12 12

×𝟕 ×𝟗
Example : 7 + 6 = 7 ×𝟕 + 6 ×𝟗 = 49 54 = 103 = 1 40
9 7 9 7 63 63 63 63

Practice: Find the sum.

 5 + 6=  2+ 2=  5 +1 =
11 11 5 5 6 6

 3+5=  4 + 3=  1+ 3=
4 12 5 10 2 8

1
 2+ 3=  + 2
=  1+ 3=
3 4 2 3 6 8

48
Practice: Find the difference.

 6 - 5=  4 - 2=  5 -1 =
11 11 5 5 6 6

 3 - 5=  4 - 3=  1 - 3=
4 12 5 10 2 8

1
 3 - 2=  2 - =  3 - 1=
4 3 3 2 8 6

Practice: Add or subtract.

 9 - 3=  3 + 2=  3 - 1=
10 5 7 5 4 6

 5+ 2=  8- 3=  2+ 6=
8 7 9 5 3 11

 1+ 1+ 2=  2 + 5+ 3=
3 4 5 3 6 4

 8 - 3+ 1=  5+ 1 - 5=
15 10 5 6 3 12

49
Adding Mixed Numbers
Method 
• Add the whole numbers
• Add the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Add the whole number to the fraction
• Simplify to the lowest terms if needed

1 3
Example: 4 +2 = Step  4 + 2 = 6
3 4
3 1 ×4 3
Step 
1
+ =
×4
+ ×3 = 4
+
9 13
= =1
1
3 4 3 4 ×3 12 12 12 12

1 1
Step  6 + 1 =7
12 12

Method 
• Write the mixed numbers as improper fractions
• Add the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Simplify where possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed

1 3 13 11 52 33 85 1
Example: 4 +2 = 3x4+1 +4x2+3= + = + = =7
3 4 3 4 12 12 12 12
3 4

Practice: Choose a method to find the sum.

 32+14=  41 +65 =
3 9 4 6

 23+2 7 =  11 +25 +31 =


4 10 3 6 4

50
Subtracting Mixed Numbers

Method  Borrowing
• Subtract the fractions first; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• If the subtraction cannot be performed, borrow 1 from the first whole number
• Make a whole in fractional form using the common denominator
• Subtract the whole numbers
• Subtract the fractions; simplify if possible Cannot take 25 from 24
• Add the whole number(s) and the fraction

4 5 4
Example: 7 - 2 = Step  7
×6
×6
− 25 ×5
×5
= 7
24
-2
25
5 6 5 6 30 30

30 24 25 54 25
Step  6 + - 2 = 6 -2 =
30 30 30 30 30

Step  6 – 2 = 4

30
6 is the same as 7 wholes 54 25 29 29
30 Step  - = =4
30 30 30 30

Method 
• Write the mixed numbers as improper fractions
• Subtract the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed

Example: 4 1 - 2 3 = 3 x 4 + 1 - 4 x 2 + 3 = 13 - 11 = 52 - 33 = 19 = 1 7
3 4 3 4 12 12 12 12
3 4

Practice: Choose a method and find the difference.

 3 1 – 1 11 =  61 –45 =
3 18 4 6

51
9–57 =  81 –25=
9 2 9

24 – 2 7 =  17 – 4 2
5 10 5

Solve the following problems.

 Beth ate 1 of one cheese pizza and Scott ate 5 of the same pizza. How much
4 8
pizza was eaten? How much was left?

 Harvey’s gas tank showed 11 full at the beginning of the week. On Friday, the
16
1
gas gauge read full. How much gas did he use in a week?
3

 Anne worked 2 1 hours on Monday, 3 3 hours on Wednesday and 4 1 on


2 4 4
Friday. How many hours did she work in total?

52
 Ms. Mckinnon travels 21 km to work. She stops for coffee 15 3 km into her
4
drive. What’s the distance left from the coffee shop to Ms. Mckinnnon’s work?

 The Nadeau family drove from Ottawa to Cambridge to see relatives. They
drove for 3 1 hours, stopped for 3 hour for lunch and continued to Cambridge
3 4
for another 2 1 hours.
2

a) How long were they driving?

b) How long did the total trip take?

 Anne bought 7 meters of rope for a school project. She used 5 7 of it. How
8
much rope was not used?

 Beth planted 2 1 rows of beans, 3 2 rows of peppers and 4 rows carrots.


2 3

a) How many rows of vegetables did she plant?

b) How many more carrots than peppers did she plant?

53
Multiplying Fractions (Do not need common denominators) ‘of’
means
• Multiply the numerators together (the two top numbers) multiply
• Multiply the denominators together (the two bottom numbers)
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed

5 3 15 3
Example: x = =
7 5 35 7

Whole number multiplied by a fraction

• The whole number can be written as a fraction with a denominator of 1


• Follow the multiplication rule

3 9 3 27 3
Example: 9 x = x = =6
4 1 4 4 4

Mixed Number multiplied by a Mixed Number

• Write the mixed numbers as improper fractions


• Follow the multiplication rule
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed

2 1 8 5 40 4 1
Example: 2 x1 = x = =3 =3
3 4 3 4 12 12 3

Practice: Find the product.

 2 x 3=  11 x 1 =  4x 3=
3 4 4 9 10

 3 of 8 =  7x 2=  3 of 1 =
4 10 5 8 2

 3x 5=  6 of 3 =  5x 2=
7 6 11 5 12 7

54
Practice: Solve.

 2 x 1 x 3=  2 x11 =
3 4 5 3

 2 of 2 1 =  32 x 43=
5 2 3 7

12 x15=  5 2 of 4 =
9 8 7

 During the summer Scott work 4 1 hours for 8 weeks. How many hours did he
2
work in total?

 What is 1 of 60?
5

 Harvey takes 1 1 weeks to paint a house. How many weeks will it take to paint
3
15 houses on the block?

 How many minutes are there in 5 2 hours?


3

55
Dividing Fractions (Do not need common denominators)

• Keep the first fraction the same


• Change the division to multiplication
• Write the reciprocal of the second fraction (switch the numerator and the denominator of around)
• Follow the multiplication rule (multiply the numerators together and the denominators
together)
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed

• Mixed Numbers: write the mixed numbers as improper fractions, then follow the above steps

4 2 4 3 12 2 1
Example:  = x = =1 =1
5 3 5 2 10 10 5

3 1 13 7 13 3 39 4
Example: 2  2 =  = x = =1
5 3 5 3 5 7 35 35

Practice: Find the quotient.

 4 3=  1 1=
9 5 4 4

 3 1=  1 3=
10 15 2

6 2=  3 21 =
3 7 2

31 15= 42 35 =


3 8 3 6

56
Practice: Solve.

22 2= 44 4=


7 5 9

1341 21 =
5 3 4

 Sally is getting ready to cut a 20 meter ribbon into smaller pieces of 3 meters
5
each. How many 3 meter pieces of ribbon will she have?
5

 Scott and Vitto have 3 of a pizza to share. How much will each boy get?
4

 How many boards 1 1 meters long can be cut from a board that is 11 1 meters long?
2 2

 You are going to a birthday party and bring 10 litres of ice-cream. You
estimate that each guest will eat 1 1 cup (there are 4 cups in one litre).
3

How many guests can be served ice-cream?

12÷11÷3=
3 5

57
EXPONENTS

35 = 3 X 3 X 3 X 3 X 3 = 243

3 = BASE
5 = EXPONENT

The exponent tells you how many times the base is multiplied by itself

Special Cases:

71 = 7

3330 = 1 (anything to the power of zero is one)

3squared =32

4cubed = 43

Practice: Simplify.

 (6)3 =  (2)4 =  102 =

 60 =  05 =  42 =

 42 + 3 1 =  53 – 660 =

 82 ÷ 42 =  31 x 2 3 =

Practice: Find the missing value.

 3? = 27  4? = 1  ?2 = 16

 ?2 = 49  ?4 = 0  5? = 125

58
Exponent Practice

 Write in expanded form and solve.

a) 73 _____________ b) 82 __________ c) 2160 _____________

d) 1421 ___________ e) 25 __________ f) 34 ______________

 Solve the following.

a) 5 + 24 ____________________ b) 23 – 40 __________________

c) 2 x 72 ____________________ d) 24 ÷ 41 __________________

 Solve.

a) 6squared ______________ b) 2cubed ________________

One group of 4 students in a grade seven class did a survey about favourite pizza. Each
person called 4 people, and they ask those people to call 4 people each. In turn those
people asked to call 4 people each, and those individuals called 4 people each. How
many people were called?

 Simplify

40 x 51 + 22 - 340

59
Order of Operations: BEDMAS

B = brackets
E = exponents
D = division
M = multiplication
A = addition
S = subtraction
Whatever comes first
A S from left to right

Whatever comes first


D M from left to right

Start

Remember: Follow the order of operations inside the brackets

Example: 9 + (7 x 20 + 6 ÷ 3) x 13

9 + (7 x 1 + 6 ÷ 3) x 1

9 +( 7 + 2 ) x 1

9 + 9 x 1

9 + 9

18

60
Practice:

 3 + [(28  7) + (6 – 3)]  24  4 x 2 + (3 – 2)

 Anne had to calculate the following: 60 – (7 – 3)2 ÷ 2

This is what she did: Step 1: 60 – (4)2 ÷ 2


Step 2: 60 –16 ÷ 2
Step 3: 44 ÷ 2
Step 4: 22

Is Anne’s answer correct? Explain.

 (6  23  42) + 14  2  43 − [72 − 90]

 52  14 − 18  17 3+45

61
 (8 − 5)2 + 3  (7 − 2)  (8 − 5)2 + 3  (7 + 2)

 12  3 − 2 − 1 + 5  9  (3 + 5)  (24 − 4)  0

 (8 – 3) + 20 x 4  {14 + (36 ÷ 9) x 2 } ÷ 11 + 71

 8 x 7 – (32 + 4) x 2  16 + 31 x 0 + ( 33 – 7)

62
Practice: Translate the following and solve.

 Add the square of five to thirty, and then subtract the cube of three.

 Square the sum of five and three; then subtract the product of four and
seven.

 From the square of eleven, subtract the quotient of forty-eight divided by


six.

 Claudia buys tools that cost $81.00 including taxes. She gives the cashier
three $20 bills, two $10 bills and one $5 bill.

Write the BEDMAS expression needed to calculate how much


change Claudia should receive. Solve it.

 Beth is participating in a horse jumping show. The 7 judges awarded the


following scores:
Technical skills: 5, 7, 6, 8, 5, 3, 10

Timing Skills: 4, 8, 8, 9, 6, 6, 8

The final score is calculated as follows:


1. The highest and lowest mark of each category is removed.
2. The remaining technical skills are added and the sum is multiplied by 4.
3. The remaining timing skills are added and the sum is multiplied by 6.
4. The two results obtained are added.

What is Beth’s final score?

63
Order of Operations with Fractions using BEDMAS
Whatever
comes first from
A S left to right
B = brackets
E = exponents
D = division Whatever
D M comes first from
M = multiplication left to right
A = addition
S = subtraction E

B
START

Example: Rough Work


3 𝟏 𝟐 1 1 1 1
÷2+( ) − Do the exponent first × 3 =9
5 𝟑 10 3
𝟑 1 1
÷𝟐+ − Do the division next
𝟓 9 10
3 1 3
x =
𝟑 𝟏 1 Get a common 5 2 10
+ − denominator for
𝟏𝟎 𝟗 10 the addition
27 10 37
+ =
𝟑𝟕 𝟏 Get a common 90 90 90
− denominator for
𝟗𝟎 𝟏𝟎 the subtraction
37 9 28
- =
90 90 90
28
90

14
Simplified answer: dividing the numerator and
45 denominator by the factor 2

64
Practice: Solve following the order of operations (work in your notebook if you need
more space)

 51-31 +3 7 =  3+3x 1=
5 4 10 8 4 2

2
 1 x 1+ 2 =  2 ÷ 1
+ 4x 1 =
4 2 3 3 2 5 4

 3+ 1x 2+11=  4÷ 3+ 2÷12=
5 2 3 2 7 7 3 3

 3÷ 2x11 - 1 =
8 3 3 2

65
Extra Practice (do in your notebook)

2 3 3 2
A. + 10 G. 4 - 4
5

2 3 3 2
B. +9 H. 8 + 4
6

8 3 3 2 3
C. 12 - 10 I. 4 + 12 - 24

5 3 2
D. 15 - 1 J. 4 - 6
3

9 2 3 6
E. 12 + 12 K. 8 + 7

3 2 2 2
F. 4 + 6 L. 3 - 5

1 1 3 1
M. 6 + 3 x 4 ÷ 2

66
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.

1. School Garden
Amy’s students decided to use a rectangular area in the school yard to make a garden.
They are drawing up a plan of this garden. On this plan, they have drawn a central
path. The
area will be divided up as follows:

➢ The central path takes up one fifth of the total area.

➢ Beans will take up 1 of the total area.


4
3
➢ Tomato plants will take up of the total area.
10

➢ Flowers will take up the rest of the total area.

Use a diagram to show how the garden could be laid out. Explain how you
found the fraction taken up by flowers.
Write the fraction of the area that will be taken up by flowers.

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

67
2. Coca-Cola Expenses
Mr. Nelson makes $50,000 a year. Of this income, 1/7 goes towards food and
beverage. Of this amount, ¼ goes towards Coca-Cola products. 1/3 of this amount is
spent on the diet Coke for Mrs. Nelson. The other 2/3 is spent on the always delicious
and refreshing straight up Coke.
a) How much is spent on straight up Coke?

b) If 3/13 of his Coke spending is spent on chocolate, how much money is spent
on chocolate?

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

68
3. Ticket Sales $$$
Four players on the Hawks Basketball Team are selling tickets as a fundraiser. Each
player had a different number of tickets to sell.

The table below summarizes the number of tickets sold in relation to the number of
tickets each had to sell.

Player (Tickets Sold) / (Tickets had to sell)


7
Abby
9
7
Lily
16
7
Aisha
8
7
Cloie
18

1. Which player had the best rate of ticket sales? (use


calculations)

2. Use your understanding of fractions to explain how


you could arrive at this conclusion without doing any
calculations.

69
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

70
Fraction Assignment:
Choose one of the following to hand in for marking

 The Pizza Contest

 Sharing Brownies

71
72
 The Pizza Contest

Four students in grade 7 were having a pizza contest. Each said he/she could eat
the most pizza. Each student ordered a large from the restaurant. Here is what
each ate:

Scott: I asked to have my large pizza cut into 12 equal pieces.

1 1
I ate of it first. It tasted great! Then I decided to eat more. I was getting a bit
3 4

1 1
full, so I ate . Finally, I stuffed down more, and couldn’t take another bite.
6 12

Anne: I asked to have my large pizza cut into 9 equal pieces.

2 1
I ate of it first. Then I ate more. I was getting pretty full so I took one piece and cut it in half.
3 9

I ate one of those pieces and couldn’t eat anymore.

Beth: I asked to have my large pizza cut into 18 equal pieces.

ullur 1 2
I ate of it first. It tasted great! Then I decided to eat of it. I was getting a bit
3 9

full, so I managed to eat one more piece of my pizza.

Harvey: I told the restaurant not to cut my pizza. I did it myself into equal pieces, and first I ate 4
pieces. It wasn’t too bad. Then I ate 3 more pieces and finally, I ate 4 more pieces. There was
only 1 piece of my pizza left.

Who was the winner of the pizza contest?

Use the next page to explain your thinking and show your work.
You can use the circles the circles to help represent the pizzas.

73
Show your explanations, drawings and calculations here:

Scott

Anne

Beth

Harvey

The winner of the pizza contest was:

Scott Anne Beth Harvey

74
 Sharing Brownies

Part A: How much would each person get? Show how you find your
answer.

 5 brownies for 2 people  3 brownies for 4 people

 4 brownies for 6 people

 2 brownies for 4 people


 4 brownies for 8 people

 5 brownies for 4 people

Part B: If all the brownie pieces started out as the same size, which group
above got the most brownies per person? Which group got the least per
person? Did any group get the same amount? Show your work.

75
76
Average (Mean)

Calculated by adding up all the numbers of the set and dividing by the number of numbers in the set

Example: Paul’s test results

75% 80% 99% 70%

The average of Paul’s results is:

75 + 80 + 99 + 70 = 324

324 ÷ 4 = 81 Paul’s average is 81%

Practice:

 The value of 6 houses in Mr. Jones’ neighbourhood is:

$260,053 $279,000
$2543,101 $256,679
$273,233 $495,999

What is the average value of the houses in Mr. Jones’ neighbourhood?

 Anne’s pay for the pass 5 weeks was: $212.00, $195.50, $333.33, $245.45
and $303.03. What was her average pay over those five weeks?

 Determine the missing number or numbers.


a) The average of 12, 16, 22 and _____ is 15.

b) Two numbers are missing from 51, 68, 47, 32, 41, ____, ____ to equal an
average of 47.

77
Number Sense Review

 Which of the following is the difference of 25 and 5? (Circle the letter of choice)

A) 125 C) 5

B) 20 D) 30

 Which of the following is the sum of 25 and 5?

A) 125 C) 5

B) 20 D) 30

 Which of the following is the quotient of 25 and 5?

A) 125 C) 5

B) 20 D) 30

 Which of the following is the product of 25 and 5?

A) 125 C) 5

B) 20 D) 30

 Which of the following equations is true?

A) 151 = 1 C) 108 = 105  103

B) 83 = 8  3 D) 14 = 4

 What does 32 + 23 = equal?

A) 17 C) 55

B) 15 D) 6

78
 Which of the following statements is true?

A) 32 + 2 0 = 3 2 + 1 C) 100 = 10

B) 18 = 2  33 D) 53 = 5  3

 In which of the following can the  be replaced by an equal sign (=)?

A) 12  13 C) 32  23

B) 28  82 D) 50  51

 Which of the following represents the expression 54?

A) 5x4 C) 4x5

B) 5x5x5x5 D) 125

 Find the GCF and LCM of 24 and 18. Show your work in the tables provided
below.

Factors of 24
Factors of 18

GCF=

Multiples of 24
Multiples of 17

LCM=

79
 List the first ten prime numbers

 List all the factors of 50

 List the first ten multiples of 8.

 Express one million as a power of ten.

 A construction company has 24 foremen, 56 carpenters, and 88 labourers.


The president of the company wants to form crews of the same number of
each position.
a) How many crews will there be?

b) What will each crew look like? (How many of each position?)

 What is the lowest number than can be divided by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,


10, without a remainder?

 Scott has two jobs. He gets paid every 14 days from his busboy job and
every 30 days from his lawn-mowing job. How many days will it take Scott
to receive both cheques on the same day?

80
 The Army Cadet Camp can accommodate 150 boys and 120 girls. The
leaders want to form as many teams as possible having an equal number of
boys and girls. How many girls will be in each team?

 Claudia buys tools that cost $81.00. She gives three $20 bills,
two $10 bills and one $5 bill.

Write the BEDMAS expression needed to calculate how much


change Claudia should receive. Solve it.

Practice: Solve.

 The Hadley Chess Club is made up of 9 students whose average age is 12.
The teacher decides to join the team, and the average age increases to 14.
What is the age of the teacher?

 Scott loves video games. His average for his favourite game is 4960 points
after playing 18 games. He would like to increase his average to 5000 points.
How many points must he get in his next game?

81
Interesting Numbers ASSIGNMENT

Your task is to create a mini poster (8 x10) describing a chosen number

o You must choose a number

o The number should be displayed somewhere on the poster where it stands out
(in the middle, a corner…)

o On different locations on the mini poster, describe properties of your number

o Examples of properties: factors, multiples, divisibility…

o You must create at least 2 mathematical sentences (BEDMAS problems), where


the answer is your number. Your sentence must include at least one (can be
more) of each of the following:

✓ Brackets
✓ Exponent
✓ Each operation (+, -, x, ÷)

o Give some interesting fact(s) about your number. For example I chose 26. My
interesting facts were: The number on my favourite hockey player’s jersey (Mats
Naslund), the number of letters in the alphabet, and apparently you can solve a
rubrics cube in 26 moves or less.

NOTES:
• You may choose to do this in another format (Ex: PowerPoint
presentation)
• See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking
guide.

82
Decimals

Decimals are a part of a whole (just like fractions)

PLACE VALUE

Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths Ten thousandths


1000 100 10 1 1 1 1 1
10 100 1000 10000
1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001

What is the decimal point for?


To determine the position of the ‘ones’ place … the ‘ones’ position is left of
the decimal

83
Practice:

Write the following decimals in digits.

a) One hundred twenty-two and four tenths ________________________

b) Three and seventy-five thousandths _____________________

c) Zero and eight hundredths ______________________

d) Two thousand four and three hundred two thousandths


_____________________

e) Six hundred and twenty-three ten thousandths ____________________

Write the following decimals in words.

a) 713.56 _____________________________________________________

b) 0.605 _____________________________________________________

c) 303.003 ____________________________________________________

d) 2.0645 _____________________________________________________

e) 9009.09 ____________________________________________________

What is the position of the 8 in each of the following?

380 _________________________________________

1 855 234 _________________________________________

0.89 _________________________________________

8.216 _________________________________________

245. 708 _________________________________________

84
Ordering & Comparing:
• First look at the whole numbers
• Look at the tenths position…the largest digit is the larger number
• Then look at the hundredths position, and so forth

Example: Order from greatest to least: 0.36 0.058 0.375 0.4

No whole #s

0.36 0.058 0.375 0.4


3 0 3 4
10 10 10 10

6 7
100 100

Greatest to Least: 0.4 0.375 0.36 0.058

Practice: Place <, >, or =

23.03 23.30 101. 89 11.89 0.454 0.56

3.13 3.013 211. 46 211.406 0.407 0.74

85
Place in order of least to greatest:

1.33 0.67 0.607 0.76 0.706 1.03 0.70

_____, _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, ______

Write the following decimals in increasing order:

2.34 2.27 2.165 2.086

_______ _______ _______ _______

Graphing Decimals on a Number Line:

Remember our number system is based on tens... which means we have to divide the
space between two numbers into 10 equal parts for tenths and divide each of these into
10ths for hundredths and so forth.

STEPS

1. Determine your smallest and largest number

2. Start with the number just before the


smallest number and end with the number just
after the largest number

3. Divide between by the whole numbers with 10


equal parts, these will be tenths.

4. If there are hundredths to graph, make 10


equal parts between each tenth.

REMEMBER: do not just show the numbers to be graphed... show the


equally divided parts

86
Example: Graph 2.1, 2.3, 2.5 and 2.9

2.1 is the smallest, so my number line will start at 2

2.9 is the largest, so it will end with 3

2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3

Example: Graph 2.31, 2.34, 2.35 and 2.39

2.31 is the smallest, so my number line will start at 2.3

2.39 is the largest, so it will end with 2.4

2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39 2.40

Practice:

 Put the following decimals on a number line

a) 3.33 3.39 3.32 3.35

b) 1.8 0.65 1.6 0.75 0.9 1.5 0.70

c) [CHALLENGE] 0.333 0.9 0.67 0.607 0.055

87
 On each number line, determine the value of each point.

A B C
0 2

A: ________ B: _________ C: _________

A B C
5.60 6.20

A: ________ B: _________ C: _________

A B C
11.235 11.241

A: ________ B: _________ C: _________

ROUNDING:

Step 1: Underline the digit to be rounded


Step 2: Write the 2 possible rounding positions
Step 3: Follow the rule:
▪ The digit to the right is a 4 or less, the underlined digit stays the same
▪ The digit to the right is a 5 or greater, the underlined digit becomes one
greater
▪ All the remaining digits can be replaced by zero

Example: 69.098 round to nearest tenths

69.100 69.000 the digit to the right of 0 is a 9 = 69.1 or 69.100

88
Practice:

 76.099 round to nearest tenths __________

 0.5403 round to nearest hundredths __________

 35.078 round to nearest ones _________

 Scott is a cross-country runner. He has a choice of five courses. He decides to


choose the course whose distance, rounded to the nearest tenth of a kilometre, has the
digit 8 (his lucky number) in the tenths position.

Course Name Distance (km)


Through the Woods 9.576
One Hill after Another 7.882
Flat Lands 10.742
Through the Creek 9.777
The Challenge 8.089

Which course did he choose? _____________________________________

STOP and Review:

 Order the following least to greatest.

25.009 2.5009 0.2509 2.509

_______, ________, _________, _________

 Put < , >, or =

4.44 44.4 0.303 0.030 6.05 6.050

78.2 78.22 809.101 809.110

89
 Put the following on a number line

3.7 3.45 3.92 3.05 3.67

 The cashier at the restaurant is working with a calculator to get the total
amount of each bill after he calculates the tax. He is confused and doesn’t
know what to tell the customers what they owe because there are too many
numbers. Please help him decide how much each customer must pay.

Customer 1: $65.5266 _________________


Customer 2: $102.7108 _________________
Customer 3: $33.8542 _________________

 What is the position of the 6 in each number?

6502 ________________________________________________________

6.502 ________________________________________________________

5.62 _________________________________________________________

7. 06 _________________________________________________________

 Circle which number is greater between the pairs.

a) 4.15 and 4.16 b) 13.32 and 13.23 c) 25.05 and 24.5

d) 0.306 and 0.362 e) 103.99 and 10.399

90
 What about time?
Place in order from longest to shortest time: (distance race)

2:33 3:03 3:45 2: 29 2:59 3:19

________, _______, _______, _______, _______, ________

 Place in order from the slowest to fastest time:

5:003 5:030 5:303 5:330 5:033 4:599

_______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______

 Round the following numbers to the position indicated.

Number Nearest Tenths Nearest Nearest


Hundredths Thousandths
6.7493
2.4688
0.2671
0.9987

 The distance between Beth and her friend’s house is 7.846 km.

a) What is the distance between their houses, rounded to the nearest tenth of a
kilometre? ___________________________

b) What is the distance between their houses, rounded to the nearest hundredth of a
kilometre? ___________________________

c) Round the distance to the nearest ones place. __________________


91
Adding and Subtracting Decimals:

Line up the decimals according to their place value and fill in empty space
after the decimal with zeroes.

Example: 4.89 + 0.0074 4.8900


+ 0.0074
4.8974

Example: 70 – 6.974 70.000


- 6.974
63.026

Practice:

 Estimate, and then find the sum.

a) 3 + 212.09 + 0.1 b) 1009.2 + 14 + 222.006 + 0.76

c) 17.1 + 0.808 + 2 d) 101 + 1.01 + 10.01 + 1.101

92
 Estimate, and then find the difference.

a) 205.6008 – 48.567 b) 707 – 70.7

c) 200 – 4.89 d) 8.4 – 4.066

 Find the missing number.

a) 43.12 + ______ = 187.332 b) 43.1 – _____ = 6.431

c) ______ + 17.3 = 38.1 d) ______ – 5.08 = 14.7

 Answer the following questions using the decimals from the box.

a) Use 2 decimals whose sum is 24.24


12.34

25.008
b) Use 2 decimals whose difference is 13.108
11.9

0.004
c) Use 3 decimals whose sum is 37.352
93
Multiplying Decimals

• Multiply like whole numbers


• Count the digits after the decimal for each number
• Starting from the end of the answer, move left the number of spaces you just
counted
• Place the decimal

Example: 24.33 x 7.9 2433


x 79
21897
3 digits after + 170310
the decimal 192207 = 192.207

Practice: Find the product.

 35.88 x 1.3  123.4 x 3

 8.7 x 0.6  0.55 x 0.7

 Scott worked 24 hours last week. He makes $9.55 per hour. He got $44.50 in
tips. How much money did Scott make last week?

94
Dividing Decimals

If there is no decimal outside (the divisor), divide like whole numbers, and when
you get to the decimal, put it up, and then continue.

9.398

Example: 56.39 ÷ 6 6 56.390 You are


- 54 usually asked
to go to 3
23 places after
- 18 the decimal

59
- 54
50

Practice: Find the quotient.

 58.7 ÷ 7  94.436 ÷ 28

 0.0294 ÷ 6  0.63 ÷ 9

 48.5 ÷ 10  28.16 ÷ 4

95
If there is a decimal outside (the divisor), move it until the number is whole, and move
the decimal inside the same number of spaces. If there are less spaces inside, add
zeroes. Remember, there are no remainders.
22.5

Example: 7.2 ÷ 0.32 0.32 7.2 = 32 7200


- 64
80
- 64
160
- 160
0

Practice: Find the quotient.

 78.5 ÷ 7.23  34.416 ÷ 1.8

 55.3 ÷ 0.9  18 ÷ 2.3

 Blake stacked 12 blocks which measured 45.6 centimetres. What is the height
of each block?

96
Order of Operations and Decimals: follow the rules of BEDMAS

Practice:

 4.3 + 5 x 3.03  7.23 + 1.22

 124.8 – 4.1 x (12.8 – 5.7) ÷ 5  3.12 – 0.42 + 0.55

97
 (3.2 + 5.01) – (2.3 – 0.58 ÷ 10)  9.8 x (4.5 ÷ (1.5 – 0.5) – 1.70)

 9.8 + [4.51 x 1.5 – (6.15 – 1.7)]  34.2 – (25.3 + 0.003)

98
Decimal Practice:

 Find the missing number.

a) 5 x _____ = 45 b) 12 ÷ _____ = 3.75

c) 14.3 ÷ _____ = 5.2 d) 3.2 x _____ = 17.92

 The service elevator can lift a maximum of 650 kg. A shipment of the following
just arrived. Can all the boxes be delivered in one trip on the elevator?
Explain your reasoning.

52.4 kg 68.3 kg 205.99 kg


103.22 kg 89.3 kg 131.89 kg

 Anne stops to get gas at 97.4 cents per litre. Her total cost was $35.38. On her
way home she notices the price of gas at another station was 1.6 cents
cheaper. Anne is upset about the money she could have saved. How much
could she have saved?

99
 The table below gives the distance of different trails in a park.

Trail Distance (km)


Trail A 14.354
Trail B 7.08
Trail C 19.46
Trail D 9.489
Trail E 3.765

Anne wants to hike about 24 km, but not more than 24 km. Give two possible
combinations of trails she could take.

 If a = 54.93, b = 37.14, c = 9.54, find the value of:

i) a + b + c ii) (a – b) + c

iii) a – ( b + c) iv) a – (b – c)

 Scott’s favourite playlist has 8 songs. The length of each song is given below.
What is the total time of Scott’s favourite playlist?

Times: 3:55 3:01 2:58 4:23 3:46 2:51 4:04 3:49

100
Extra Practice: NO CALCULATOR

 33.353 + 2.08 + 8709.0035 + 11

 45 – 9.085

 231.231 x 1.2

 67.9 ÷ 2.3

 702 – 70.2

101
SHOW YOUR WORK to find the area of the following polygons. The polygons are not
drawn to scale.

a) 7 cm

h= 8 cm
2.3 cm 5.5 cm

9.1 cm

7 cm

b)
8.4 cm

7 cm

c)
3.8 cm

7.4 cm

2.1 cm

7.1 cm

d)

3.1 cm 4.1 cm

102
GO HADLEY GO!

During the Hadley Track and Field Meet the computer broke just before the
competition started. In order to determine the winner of each event and the
overall winner of the meet, our class was asked to compare and order the
results of the three events (javelin, long jump and the 1000 meter race),
which were written on paper.

PART A
1. Use the results to determine the first, second and third place winner
of each event.

2. At the Hadley Track and Field Meet, points are awarded for each
place (1st through to 8th). A table with the value of each place is
given. Give the points to each athlete according to their placing in
each event.

3. Calculate the total points of all three events to determine the overall
competition winner.

PART B

Sketch the javelin and the long jump results to scale (like a number line).
Draw a javelin field and a long jump area, and accurately divide and
place the distance of each athlete’s result on both areas. THESE MUST
BE CLEAR, NEAT AND ACCURATE!

~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~

103
FIRST PLACE 500 POINTS
SECOND PLACE 400POINTS
THIRD PLACE 300 POINTS
FOURTH PLACE 250 POINTS
FIFTH PLACE 200 POINTS
SIXTH PLACE 150 POINTS
SEVENTH PLACE 100 POINTS
EIGHTH PLACE 50 POINTS

Javelin Results:

Name Distance (m) Place Points


Andrew 75.86
Melissa 74.09
Stacey 74.89
Tim 75.87
Megan 73.98
Lucas 75.98
Shawn 75.08
Kyla 74. 40

Long Jump Results:


Name Distance (m) Place Points
Andrew 4
1
8
Melissa 11
1
12
Stacey 2
1
3
Tim 3
1
4
Megan 7
1
8
Lucas 5
1
12
Shawn 7
1
12
Kyla 23
1
24
104
1000 meter Race:

Name Time (mins) Place Points


Andrew 4:03
Melissa 5:24
Stacey 5:59
Tim 3.59
Megan 5:20
Lucas 5:07
Shawn 4:30
Kyla 5:42

AWARD CEREMONY:

Javelin: ___________ _____________ _____________


(First Place) (Second place) (Third place)

Long Jump: ___________ _____________ _____________


(First Place) (Second place) (Third place)

1000m Race: ___________ _____________ _____________


(First Place) (Second place) (Third place)

105
Order of Winners (Overall points)

Total Points
Name

106
Percent

Fraction Decimal Percent

Fraction to Decimal: Numerator ÷ Denominator (fraction line equals a division line)

5
Example: = 5 ÷ 8 = 0.625
8

Decimal to Percent: Decimal x 100

Example: 0.55= 0.55 x 100 = 55%

Percent to Decimal: Percent ÷ 100

Example: 78% = 78 ÷ 100 = 0.78

Percent to Fraction: Write the percent over 100 and simplify

85 ÷ 5 17
Example: 85% = =
100 ÷ 5 20

Decimal to Fraction: The last digit to the right of the decimal gives us the denominator

53
Example: 0.53 = 3 is in the hundredths place =
100

224 ÷ 8 28
Example: 3.224 = 4 in the thousandths place = 3 =3
1000 ÷ 8 125

Practice:

 Convert the fractions to decimals.

a) 3 = b) 2 = c) 3 2 =
4 3 5

 Convert the decimals to percents.

a) 0.44 = b) 1.78 = c) 2.624 =

107
 Convert the fractions to percent.

a) 3 = b) 16 = c) 4 5 =
7 20 6

 Convert the percents to fractions.

a) 74% = b) 42.75% = c) 15 1 % =
2

 Convert the decimals to fractions.

a) 0.93 = b) 2.22 = c) 0.01 =

 Convert the percents to decimals.

a) 2% = b) 79% = c) 135% =

 Complete the following table.


Fractions Decimals Percents
1
4

0.64

87%

1.45
42
3

175%

0.05

108
Percent
REMEMBER: The word “OF” in math means multiply

Percent ‘of’ means multiply METHOD 1:


Before using percent (%),
we write it as a decimal,
Example: 62% of 500 students are girls. How many are girls? then multiply:

99% = 99 ÷ 100 = 0.99

0.62 x 500 = 310 girls

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Example: 62% of 500 students are girls. How many are girls? METHOD 2:
Cross-Multiply and Divide.
62 ?
= 62 x 500 ÷ 100 = 310 girls Use the percent out of 100
100 500

Practice

 Calculate the percent of each number:

a) 20% of 215 b) 58% of 150

c) 250% of 32 d) 18.5% of 140

109
 42% of the 400 students at Hadley are in grade 7. How many students are in
grade 7?

 Anne, Beth and Colleen are softball players. This season, Anne had 65 base
hits out of 160 at-bats. Beth batting average was 0.399, and Colleen hit safely
40% of the time. Who was the best hitter?

 There are 600 students at a school, 57% of the students are girls. How many
of the students are boys?

 Beth received 16% of the $55 895.00 family inheritance. How much money did
she get?

110
TAXES

We pay two taxes: Example: Pants = $17.00 GST 5% PST 9.975%

G.S.T. = 5% (Goods and Services Tax)


GST: 17.00 x 0.05 = 0.85
P.S.T. = 9.975% (Provincial Sales Tax)
PST: 17.00 x 0.09975 = 1.695 rounds to 1.70

G.S.T. 5% = 0.05 We pay a percent Total: 17.00 + 0.85 + 1.70 = $19.55


‘of ’ taxes
Total cost of the pants: $19.55
P.S.T. 9.975% = 0.09975

DISCOUNT: To deduct or subtract from a cost or price (on sale)

Example: Rollerblades: $129.99 20% off Step 3: Taxes: GST (5%) and PST (9.9975%)

103.99 x 0.05 = 5.1995 = $5.20 (GST)


Step 1: 0.20 x 129.99 = 25.998 =
$26.00 = discount 103.99 x 0.09975 = $10.37 (PST)

Step 2: 129.99 – 26.00 = $103.99 = sale price


Total Cost: 103.99 + 5.20 + 10.37 =
$119.56

PROFIT: making money

Method 1:

1. Turn the percent to a decimal by dividing Example: You bought a 32G IPod for $329.99.
by 100 You want to sell it and make a 25%
profit. How much should you sell it for?
2. Multiply the decimal by the original price
25% = 0.25
3. Add the calculated amount to the original 0.25 x 329.99 = 82.4975 = 82.50 (profit)
price to make a new selling price
329.99 + 82.50 = $412.49 (selling price)

111
Method 2:
Example: You bought a 32G IPod for $329.99.
1. Add the percent of profit to 100. You want to sell it and make a 25%
2. Cross-Multiply and Divide profit. How much should you sell it for?

125 ?
=
100 329 .99

125 x 329.99 ÷ 100 = $412.49 (selling price)

Practice

 At what price must a skateboard be sold to make a 20% profit if its cost price
is $55?

 Scott bought a watch, which was on sale with 15% off. The regular price was
$53.33. How much did he pay for the watch? Do not forget GST and PST.

112
 A bicycle with a retail price of $340 is reduced 20%. What is the discount?

 Harvey bought a $1455 television set, $299.89 speaker and a $79.99 DVD player.
What was the total cost including GST and PST?

 Two stores are selling the same camera at a regular price of $859.
During a sale, the first store offers a 15% discount on the regular price, while
the second store reduces the price by $130. Which store has the better deal?

113
MORE Practice:

 Anne, Scott and Beth won $65 000 in a lottery. The jackpot will be divided
among them based on their money they put towards the ticket. Thus, Anne
should get 35 % of the jackpot and Scott gets 1 of the winnings. How much
4
money should Beth get?

 Anne- Marie loves reading historical books. Yesterday, she read 172 pages of
a 480-page book. This morning she read 44 more pages. She thinks she has
read more than half of the book. What percentage of pages has she read? Is
her thinking correct?

 If the sales tax is 15%, how much money are we paying for every dollar spent?

 On a normal day, Beth spends 25% of her time at school, 34% sleeping and
12% eating. What percent of her time is left to do other things?

 What percent of the following figure is dotted?

 
 
 
 
 
 
  

           

114
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.

1. Band Practice

In the school band:


• 1/3 of the musicians walk to practice
• 25% of them are driven by their parents
• 15 musicians take the bus.

If this accounts for everyone in the band, how many people are there in the
school band?

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

115
2. Shopping for Hiking Trip

Some students from Hadley are shopping for a hiking trip. They each want to buy a tent,
a sleeping bag, a gas stove and a rain jacket. They want to buy all their equipment at
the same store. They have the flyer from two different stores(below): Brian’s Cabin and
The Great Outdoors.

$98
The Great Outdoors

Tent $225

$98.47

Sale 1/3 off $42.30 $210.90

$261
$55

15% off all products!!!


Stove$185

How much will they pay at each store and which will be the least
expensive option?

116
Brian’s Cabin

The Great Outdoors

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

117
3. You get a scratch card when you get to the cash at a department store. You get 20%
off your entire purchase. Fill in the chart below to complete your bill.

Item Cost per item Total Cost


3 Shirts $ 20.99 $
1 pair of Jeans $ 48.99 $
2 Movies $ 15.99 $
Subtotal $

20% Discount from scratch card $

New Sale Price $

Sales Tax GST: 5%


PST: 9.975%

Your final Bill $

Show all your work

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

118
Integers

• They are positive and negative WHOLE numbers

• The zero is neutral

• The sign tells the direction of the number:


➢ Positive means to the right of zero on a number line
➢ Negative means to the left of zero on a number line

• Every positive number has an opposite negative number of the same size.
For example: -88 is the opposite of +88 because both are the same distance from zero.
This means –88 and +88 has an absolute value of 88

Practice: Write an integer for each.


 6 units to the left of 11 on a number  7 units to the right of -2 on a number
line. line.

 The stock market went down 291  A loss of $35,535 on an investment.


points today.

 20 below zero.  Deposit $1,556 into a bank account.

 The opposite of 201.  8 units to the left of -4 on a number


line.

Put the integers in order from least to greatest.

 8, 5, -10, -3, 9, -6, -4, 11, 2, 7, -7

 6, 4, -11, 17, 18, -14, 7, 21

 -40, 44, -51, 24, 5, -48, -50, 49

 -5, -51, 21, -61, 42, -66, 5, 39, -31, -71, 31, 66

119
B I N G O

INTEGER
BINGO

On the next page are a series of Integers, Phrases and Operations

1. Cut out each of the integers, phrases and operations;

2. Match each phrase or operation to an integer; verify your

answers with your teacher.

3. Write 24 of the integers to the above BINGO card;

4. Get some bingo chips & you are ready to play…

120
INTEGER BINGO! ☺

Cut out each of these rectangles, there are 52 integers, phrases and operations in
total. After you cut them out, match the integer with the phrase or operation. Once
your teacher has checked your matches you will write JUST the integers onto your
BINGO card! ☺

-
9 temperature 10 20 below zero.
started at -5 C, it
rose 13
-
1 5 units to the left 11 The opposite of 27
of 11 on a
number line
6 Add six to 8 7 units to the right of
negative one -16 on a number line
- -
17 Nine plus 7 Three greater than
negative twelve negative seven
3 Five more than a 108 Four less than two
positive five
- -
16 Negative nine 3 Six above seven
increased by nine
-
5 Which is greater? 20 Seven less than
-
11 or -14 negative ten
20 Two greater than 38 Three subtract ten
negative one
-
2 The opposite of 0 Three more than
negative 108 negative four
-
13 Negative two plus 27 Eight less than
negative twenty negative eight
- -
1 Four left of 4 Five less than twenty
negative twenty five
- -
24 Six to the right of 14 The sum of negative
negative three two and 40
- -
6 Negative twenty 22 Two decreased by
increased by six eight
121
122
Practice:

 Place <, > or =.

a) -5 -6 b) 11 -11 c) -22 2

 Which integer is the correct answer to the following?

a) The greatest integer less than zero ________

b) The integer before -30 ________

c) The opposite of 7 ________

d) One greater than -5 _______

e) Two less than -12 _______

 Answer the following using integers from -6 to 6.

a) The integers less than 3 ________________

b) The integers greater than -3 _______________

c) The integers less than -1 _______________

d) The integers greater than -2 ______________

 Cars need good batteries, especially during the cold Canadian winters.
Battery A is guaranteed to start at a temperature of -40oC and battery B at a
temperature of -52oC. Scott thinks battery A is better in cold weather than
battery B, because -40 is greater than -52. Do you agree? Why or why not?

123
Adding Integers

RULE #1
• If the signs are the same, pretend they are not there, add the numbers and put the
sign of the numbers in the question with the answer

(+) + (+) = +
(-) + (-) = -
RULE #2
• If the signs are different, find the difference (subtract the smaller number from the
larger number), and the sign of the answer is whichever there is more of in the
question

(+8) + (-5) = +3

(-15) + (+6) = -9

• Integers of the same absolute value cancel each other out to equal zero

(+7) + (-7) = 0

Practice: Add.

 -7 + 5 =  21 + -14 =  -80 + 90 =

 -16 + -2 =  +2 + +6 =  -13 + -2 =

 40 + (-5) =  (-4) + 4 =  (-9) + (-9) =

Practice: Find the sum.

 -10 + -2 + 9 =  6 + -2 + -11 + 5 =  -1 + -20 + +6 =

 Last Monday the temperature was -23 oC. On Tuesday it rose 3 degrees and
dropped by 8 degrees on Wednesday. What was the temperature on
Wednesday?

124
 In the following table, calculate the sum of the integers in each column and
each row:

-5 -7 6 -1 -3
-3 3 9 -5 -4
8 -4 -10 7 -1
-4 8 -5 -1 8
-6 -2 -4 3 -2

 If a = -13 and b = 7, what is the answer in each of the following:

a) a + b = _____________________ b) b + a = _____________________

What do you notice about the addition of integers?

 How is -13 + 7 different from -7 + 13? Explain.

 Complete the following:

a) -6 + ___ = -4 c) ___ + 5 = -1 e) -3 + ___ = -8

b) -2 + ___ = 0 d) 7 + (-3) = ___ f) ___ + (-9) = -6

Here’s a challenge: complete the following pyramid, given that each number written
in a rectangle is equal to the sum of the two integers in the rectangle right below it.
-
3
-
8
-
4

- +
2 1

125
Subtracting Integers

Whenever we subtract integers, we ADD the OPPOSITE

Example:  +5 – +3 = Example:  7 – +6 =

+5 + -3 = 2 7 + -6 = 1

Example:  -9 – -7 = Example:  -8 – 2 =

-9 + +7 = - 2 -8 + -2 = -10

Practice:

 -7 – 5 =  21 – -14 =  -80 – 90 =

 -16 – (-2) =  +2 – +6 =  5 – 11 =

 18 – (-7) =  -15 – (+9) =  (-3) – (-3) =

 (3 – 9) – (-5 – 4) =  9 – (4 – 6 ) – -7 =

Practice:

Determine the value of the expressions if a = -8 and b = 3.

i) a – b = _______________ ii) b – a = _________________

iii) Compare the difference of a – b to b – a.


What do you notice? Will the same happen with other integers? Verify
using examples.

126
Find the sum or difference.

 (8 – 10 + 13) + (-6 + 4 – 11)  (- 5 + 17 – 24) – (3 – 9 – 5)

 (2 – 9) – (33 – 24 – 6)  (- 6 + 2 – 8) + (- 9 – 11 + 13)

 What is the difference between – 44 oC and 7 oC?

 On one particular day in Aylmer, it was 3 oC during the day and -8 oC at night.
On the same day in Buckingham, it was 1 oC during the day and -9 oC at night.
Which town had the greater range in temperature?

 Determine the value of each of the following expressions if a = -6, b = 5 and c = -11.

i. a+b–c ii. a – b + c

iii. (a – b) + (c – a) iv. (a + b) – (c – b)

 Complete the table below.

a b a+b a –b
3 5
-4 -5
-9 4

127
 Complete the more challenging table below.

a b a+b a–b
7 -8
-10 -4

5 -6

Multiplying Integers

o positive X positive = positive Example: (-7) x (+2)

o negative X negative = positive (-) x (+) = (-)

o positive X negative = negative 7 x 2 = 14

o negative X positive = negative Therefore, (-7) x (+2) = (-14)

If there is more than two numbers multiplied together:

Example: (-4) X (-3) x 2  -3


⚫ Means multiply
+12 X 2  (-3)

+24  (-3) = - 72

( )( ) Means multiply

Practice:

 -7 x 5 =  21 x -14 =  (-80)(90) =

 (-16)(-2) =  +2  +6 =  4 x -8 =

 11 -3 =  (-9)  (-3) =  2 x -2  -1 x (-4) x 3 =

128
Dividing Integers

The rules to follow are the same as multiplying: Example: (-16) ÷ (+2)
o positive ÷ positive = positive (-) ÷ (+) = (-)
o negative ÷ negative = positive 16 ÷ 2 = 8
o positive ÷ negative = negative Therefore, (-16) ÷ (+2) = (-8)
o negative ÷ positive = negative

If there is more than two numbers divided together

Example: (-12) ÷ (-3) ÷ 2 ÷ -1

(+4) ÷ 2 ÷ -1

(+2) ÷ -1 = (- 2)

Practice:

 -70 ÷ 5 =  21 ÷ -3 =  -80 ÷ 10 =

 -16 ÷ -2 =  +24 ÷ +6 =  12 ÷ -4 =

 (-28) ÷ (-4) =  (27) ÷ -9 =  -36 ÷ 9 ÷ -2 =

 54 ÷ -6 ÷ 3 =

 Beth, Anne, and Scott guessed the temperature one cold morning. Beth’s
guess was 3oC too high. Anne guessed -4oC. Scott’s guess was 2oC lower
than Anne’s. Beth’s guess was 1oC lower than Scott’s. What was the
temperature?

129
Multiply and Dividing Integer Practice

 -3 x 2 x -1 x -5 =  6 x -4 ÷ -3 ÷ - 2

 The table below shows temperatures for one week in March. What is the
mean and range for that week?

Day Temperature oC
Monday -4

Tuesday -3

Wednesday 1
Thursday 0
Friday -7

Saturday -6

Sunday -2

 Find the value of the following expressions if a = -36, b = -4 and c = 9.

i. a÷b= ii. bxc=

iii. (a ÷ c) x b = iv. bxc÷a=

 Determine the value of the following powers.

a) (-2)4 = b) -15 = c) 42 =

 Solve.

a) -32 x 2 = b) 5 x (-2)3 =

c) -23 ÷ -4 = d) (-4 – 3)2 =

 Complete the following table.

a b axb a÷b
16 -2 -8
-11 -4

26 -52

130
Integers and the Order of Operations (BEDMAS)

Follow the rules of BEDMAS (brackets, exponents, [division, multiplication], [addition, subtraction]).

If an integer is in the problem, first follow BEDMAS. When it is time to work with the integer, follow the
rule for that integer.

Example: 21 ÷ (-3) + (-6)2


-6 x -6 = 36

21 ÷ (-3) + 36
IMPORTANT
(-7) + 36
- 2
29 3 =3x3=-9

(-3)2 = -3 x -3 = 9

Practice:

 22 – (-22 ÷ -2) x +6 ÷ 4 + -10  2  -11 + -5 – 8 ÷ -4

 -13 + (-33 – 7) ÷ +17 + -180  5 – 12 ÷ 2 + (-36) + 37

131
 -28 ÷ -4  -3 – (-9 + -9)  -52 ÷ (-14 + 9) – 15 + (+5)

 Add brackets in the appropriate places to make the answer correct.

a) -3 + 5 x -7 + 3 = -23 b) 4 – 6 x -3 + 9 = 15

c) 6 + -4 x -2 + 16 ÷ 7 = -2 d) -7 + 3 x -3 + 10 – 4 = 2

 Use the numbers in the first column once, write an order of operations to give
the answer in the second column of the following table.

Numbers Answer Order of Operations


-4, 2, 3 -5
-7, -6, 4 14
-4, 2, 5 -10
-7, -3, -1 24

 (-6 + 3) x [(7 – 10)2 + (5 – 3 x 23)]

132
Integers & BEDMAS

Find the mistakes and correct them by redoing each problem to the side.

a) 12 ● -3 + 4 ● -9

36 -36

b) -11 + -3 + -12 - 9
-14 + -12 - 9
-26 –9
-17

c) -15 ● -3 ÷ -5
-45 ÷ -5

d) -10 ●3+6-4
-10 ● 9 -4
-10 ● 5

-50
Integer Review

133
STOP and Review

 Write the appropriate symbol (<, > or =) in the circle.

C) 41 -42
+ -2 B) -20 -22
A) 5
F)
D) (-5) – (-4) 0 E) (-3) x 4 -5 22 (-2)3

 Last December, Beth kept a record of the outdoor temperature taken at the same
time each day for five days and gave it to her Science teacher Mr. Ross. Here are her
results :

DAY OF THE WEEK TEMPERATURE (in C)


Monday -5
Tuesday -2
Wednesday 0
Thursday 3
Friday -1

Explain why Monday has the largest digit, 5, yet is the coldest day.

 Which number is the result of the following chain of operations?

−2 + 3  4 − 2

a) -6 b) 8 c) 2 d) -14

 On the number line, which two integers are the same distances
(equidistant) from 2?
a) -1 and 3 b) -5 and 7
c) -2 and 6 d) -8 and 4

Show the number line.

134
 Gina operates the elevator in a large department store. She starts on the ground
floor (0) and takes her first group of shoppers to the 3rd floor. Next she takes 2
shoppers down 4 floors; then she goes back up 5 floors with 5 shoppers and finally
takes 1 shopper down 4 floors.

Which chain of operations will allow you to find the floor where Gina let off her
last shopper?

5th floor

4th floor

3rd floor

2nd floor

1st floor

Ground floor

1st basement

nd
2 basement

3rd basement

a) 3 + (-4) + 5 + (-4) b) 3 + (-2) + (-4) + 5 + 5 + (-1) + (-4)


c) 3 + 4 + 5 + (4) d) 3 + (-4) + 5 + (-1)

Where does Gina end up?

 A submarine, 52 metres below sea level, descends another 25 metres. A


missile is fired 165 metres straight up from the submarine.
Which of the following mathematical expressions best describes how many
metres above the ocean surface the missile reaches?

a) -52 +165 b) -52 + -25 + 165


c) -25 + 165 d) 165

135
 Classify the following numbers into the appropriate column.

½ , 0, 0.25, -5, 45, 4 , -33, 33, (-5)2, 3.6

Integers Not integers

 The table below shows the maximum temperatures recorded on March 2 at


different places in the world.

Places Maximum Temperature (C)


Ottawa -8
Hull -7
Florida 20
Japan 13
British Columbia 0

Which of the following lists the places in order from the coldest maximum
temperature to the warmest?

a) Ottawa, Hull, Florida, Japan, BC

b) Florida, Japan, BC, Hull, Ottawa

c) Hull, Ottawa, BC, Japan, Florida

d) Ottawa, Hull, BC, Japan, Florida

 With words and numbers give an example of an integer in your daily life.
Example: It is twelve degrees below zero. It is -12° C.
A) An example of a positive integer (you cannot use temperature)

B) An example of a negative integer (you cannot use temperature)

136
 Draw a number line below (use a ruler) and label the positive and negative
side. Show where the numbers 5, -13, 0 and -5 lie.

Solve the following expressions. No calculator.

42 + 63 -23 – 10 32 – (13)

12 x 7 8  (-2) 20 x (-20)

(-8) x 6 -40 + 52 (-5)3

15 – 28 64  4 13 + -40

12 – (-8) 37 + (-13) (-36)  6

(-25)  (-5) (-13) x (-5) 40  (-2) 2

13 + (-12) – 5 (-12) x (-6)  (-3)

(3 + 2)  (-24  6 − 2)  -6 (-2 + 4) + -3 + (7 + -9)

137
Application Questions!
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.

1. Passing the Time

Chris, Melodi, Jenna and Evan are waiting for their movie to start. They amused
themselves by trying to express the number 24 in different ways. Which one of them
was correct? Show the work.

a) Chris says : 2 + 8  2 + 4

b) Melodi says : 18 + (-2) − 8  3

c) Jenna says : 3  6 + 12  2

d) Evan says : (12 − 4) + 4  2

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

138
2. BEDMAS Challenge!

Create a BEDMAS problem with an answer of -3


You must include:
✓ At least one set of brackets
✓ At least one exponent
✓ All four operations (+, -, x, ÷) at least once

You must solve the problem to show that it works.

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

139
Lines and Angles

1. Point shows position.


•A

2. Straight line is a continuous set of points going on forever in both directions:

3. Ray is a line with one endpoint. The other goes on forever.

4. Line segment is a line with two endpoints.

J K

5. Vertex is the point where two rays meet to form an angle.

Vertex V

6. Congruent means the same size, shape, angles, lengths… symbol 

 

7. Parallel lines run along each other but never cross. Symbol is ||

8. Angle is a figure formed by two rays with a common end point.

140
9. Right angles measure 90°.

10. Perpendicular lines meet at 90º.

11. Straight angle is an angle that measures 180°, a line.

180°

12. Acute angles measure between 0° and 90°.

12. Obtuse angles measure between 90° and 180°.

13. Reflex angles measure between 180º and 360º

141
Practice: Find the measure of each angle, label it and state what type of angle it is.

 

 

 

142
Practice: Use a protractor to construct the following angles.

 550  3400

 900  2300

 230  1550

 1800  870

143
Geometric Properties

1. Complementary angles are two angles that add to 90°.

ABD + DBC = 90

A D
C
B

2. Supplementary angles are two angles that add to 180°.

XYW+WYZ = 180

180° W
X Z
Y
3. Vertically Opposite angles are made when two lines intercept. They are congruent

Angles a and b are vertically


c opposite, which means they are
a b the same measure.
d
Angles c and d are vertically
opposite, which means they are
the same measure.

4. Perpendicular Bisector cuts lines in half creating two equal segments. means equal measure

144
5. Angle bisectors cut angles in half. The angles are the same measure (congruent).

6. Adjacent angles share a ray.

Shared ray

Practice:

 Construct line segment AB = 7.5 cm and use a compass to bisect the segment.
Verify your work.

145
 Construct angle BGN = 85º. Use a compass to bisect the angle. Verify your work.

 Construct angle HEN = 130º. Use a compass to bisect the angle. Verify your
work.

 Construct line segment JR = 8.6 cm and use a compass to bisect the segment.
Verify your work.

146
Solving Angles:
We use the properties of lines and angles to find unknown angles.

Complementary angles add to 90°

? 60°

Therefore, ? = 90° - 60° = 30°

When a line is a BISECTOR it will be made clear. NEVER ASSUME that a line is a bisector when
it does not say so!

Both sides of a bisector are equal. When an angle is bisected, ÷2 to get the
smaller angles on both sides
A
B AD bisects angle
BD bisects angle 600 CAB…
ABC… ?
D C
angle CAB = 800

…so DBC=600 too!


…800 ÷ 2 = 400
so CAD=400
and DAB=400

Supplementary angles add to 180°

124° ?

124° ?
Therefore, ? = 180° - 124 = 56°

Vertically opposite angles are congruent (equal).

A is opposite 160°; therefore A = 160°


A and B is opposite 20°; therefore B = 20°
20°
160° B

147
Try this:

120o ?
120°
?
?
?
?
This  is a symbol meaning
? 90 or a right angle.

Practice: Without a protractor, using the properties of lines and angles, find
the missing angles. Explain your reasoning.
G
J
 B  ?
? K
? C ?
?
E 930
A ?
1330
H
I
D

Name and measure Justification Name and measure Justification

148
 R
bisector
 V
U

S
?
840 ?
? 130 310
T W
P T X
Q ? ?
?

Z
Y

Name and measure Justification Name and measure Justification

P
 F
 Q

? ?
? ?
A G E N 34o
47o L R
? ?
? ?
28o
D M
B
C

Name and measure Justification


Name and measure Justification

149
C

B

A D
O

Angle AOB = 41o

Angle DOE = ______ because __________________________________________

Angle BOC = ______ because __________________________________________

Angle AOE = ______ because __________________________________________

150
Parallel Lines and Transversals

A transversal is a line that cuts through two parallel lines.

Transversal

Properties of Parallel Lines and Transversals:

Corresponding angles are equal

1 = 5
2 = 6
3 = 7
4 = 8

Alternate interior angles are equal

3 = 6
4 = 5

Interior angles on the same side of the transversal


add up to 180

3 + 5 = 180o
4 + 6 = 180

The above properties for parallel lines and transversals can be used to find
missing angles without a protractor.

151
Practice: Find the angles marked “?” without a protractor. Explain your reasoning.
N
D
R ?
?
 G H  P ?
? C M

E F 960 S
560 B L

A K
Q

Name and measure Justification Name and measure Justification

M Q
M
H
 260

X L Y ?
? G
?
? F
B 1220
A
K
E

J
N P

Name and measure Justification


Name and measure Justification

152
Practice: Find the missing angles.


In the figure on the right, AB ll DC . P

A B
Angle DCE is 55.
R
Angles PAC and RAB are straight angles.

E
What is the measure of angle PAB?

Give a reason (in words) for each step or 55 


D C
calculation.


Given the figure on the right and the following
information: 1
C
Rays BA and BC are perpendicular, angle
BCE measures 44 and angle EBC measures 44
35. E

a) Explain why angle 1 measures 44.


b) Explain why angle 2 measures 55. 35
2
A B

153
154
Lines and Angles Assignment NAME:________________
Due:__________________

~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~

Part A: Lines Construct the following on another sheet of paper.

1. Construct line segment AB = 7 cm. Perform a Perpendicular bisector to the line


segment.

2. Construct parallel lines CM and HN 3 cm apart.

3. Construct two congruent lines CD and EF = 6.6 cm.

Part B: Angles Construct the following on another sheet of paper.

4. Construct ∟ABC = 110▫. What is this angle called?

5. Construct ∟EFG = 210▫. What type of angle is this?

6. Construct ∟HIJ = 75▫. What is this angle called?

7. ∟ABC = 90▫. What type of angle is this?

8. Bisect one of the angles above.

9. Construct ∟BGN = 180▫. What type of angle is this?

10. Construct examples of complementary and supplementary angles.


Explain what type of angles they are.

Part C: Answer the following on these pages.

11. What is the measure of the following angles? What type of angles are they? How
do you know?

a) b)

?
?
155
For Questions 12 – 17, use geometric properties to find the unknown angles.
SHOW YOUR WORK IN A JUSTIFICATION TABLE

12. What is the measure of angles CEA and DEB?

32▫ B
?

E
?
C

13. What are all the missing angles?


H

G
F I

48▫

14. Solve the unknown angle.

32°

15. Solve for all the missing angles. W

120°
Y
V 120° ? X

? 156
Z ? W
16. Solve the “?” angles.
D

?
P C Q
55°
? B M
L

?
A

17. Solve the following angles.

75
E 115 C D
A B
F

Answers:
a) A= b) B=

Because Because

c) C= d) D=

Because Because

e) E= f) F=

Because Because

157
158
Triangles

Types of Triangles

 Scalene Triangle: All sides are different  Isosceles Triangle: 2 sides the same

 Equilateral Triangle: all sides are equal (congruent)

 Acute Triangle: All angles are less than 90

 Obtuse Triangle: One angle is greater than 90

 Right Triangle: one angle = 90

We read this triangle as: ABC or BCA or CAB or ACB or CBA or BAC

B C

159
Practice: Measure each side of the following triangles to determine whether
each is equilateral, isosceles or scalene.

  

  

Practice: Measure each angle of the following triangles to determine whether


each is a right, an acute or an obtuse triangle.

  

  

160
Practice: Classify each triangle according to its sides and angles.

  

  

Constructing Triangles

 Construct an equilateral triangle with 3.7 cm sides.

 Construct a triangle with sides AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm, and ABC = 500.

161
 Construct a CMN, where CM = 4 cm, CN = 5 cm, and MN = 6 cm.

 Construct triangle CAT where CA = 7.7 cm, C = 320 and A = 570.

 Construct an isosceles triangle where two sides are 4 cm each. What is the
measure of the 3rd side?

 Construct an obtuse triangle with one angle measuring 1200 and one side
measuring 4.9 cm. Indicate the measures of the other angles and sides.

162
Solving Triangles:

 Solve the unknown angle in the following triangle. The sum of all
3 angles of any
triangle = 180
x
49
46 x=

 Solve the unknown angles in the following triangle.

x x=
69 y 122 y=

 Solve the unknown angles in the following triangle.

?
? ? ?=

 Solve the unknown angles in the following triangle.

? 110 ?=
?

 Solve the unknown angles in the triangle.

570
1040

163
Lines, Angles and Triangles: Finding Missing Angles Practice
G
 E

Angle ao = 700 W X
WX // YZ ao bo
EF // GH

ao = _____o
do
bo = _____o co
co = _____o Y Z

F
H
Explanation:

a = ____°
c b = ____°
82
a 48 c = ____°

83

b

Explanation:

164
 bo

a = ____°
b = ____°
c = ____°
co

63o

97o
Explanation:
43o
ao

EAB = ____°
AFD = ____°
 AB ll CD A B
DFG = ____°

50o
C D
F

Explanation:

165
166
Assignment: Triangles

~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~

1. Construct and label the following, and give a second name to each:
✓ Equilateral triangle
✓ Isosceles triangle
✓ Scalene triangle
✓ Acute Triangle
✓ Right Triangle
✓ Obtuse Triangle

2. Construct ▲ABC such that: BC = 8.2 cm AC = 6.4 cm < BCA = 72

3. Construct ▲XYZ such that YZ = 8 cm XZ = 6 cm XY = 5 cm

4. Construct ▲CMT with one side of 5cm and two angles of 40 and 60

5. You will need a ruler, protractor and a compass. Follow these instructions to
construct several triangles with common sides. Sketch the triangles before
you draw them.

✓ Construct ▲ABC with BC = 6 cm, <ABC = 45, and <ACB = 35


✓ Construct equilateral ▲ABD
✓ Construct ▲EAC with AE = 3.5 cm, and <CAE = 110
✓ Join DE
✓ Describe ▲ADE
✓ Describe figure BCED
✓ Measure and label each side and angle that has not yet been measured

167
168
------- GEOMETRY REVIEW -------

 Home Garden Center


Danny wants to fertilize a garden that measures 3.8 metres by 5.2 metres.
He has a $25 gift certificate for the Home Garden Center.
One bag of fertilizer covers an area of 3.5 m2.
Each bag costs $4.40, all taxes included.

Will the gift certificate cover the cost of the fertilizer?


Show your work

 Right On!
Construct a right triangle where the length
of one side is 4 cm and the length of another side is 6 cm.

If you were to compare your triangle with those of several classmates, do you think
they would all be identical? Explain.

169
 Floor Plan
The music room in a school has a trapezoid shape. The diagram below shows
a part of the floor of the music room.

A B

a) Using your protractor, measure angle C to the nearest degree.

b) Complete the floor plan of the music room by constructing angle A to measure
135.

 Road Work
On a blueprint, Lawrence has to mark in a service road which passes through point A
and is parallel to autoroute 74.

Following these instructions, draw this parallel line.

AU
TO
RO
U TE
74

170
 Angles
In the figure below, the measure of angle FOA is 55.

E
B
O

A F

What is the measure of angle EOA? State the geometric property that you can use to
find this measure. Do not use a protractor.

 Which one?
Triangle ABC is right-angled at B.

130

B C

Which of the following statements is true? How do you know?

A) The measure of angle A is 40. C) The measure of angle A is 50.


B) The measure of angle A is 45. D) The measure of angle A is 55.

171
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.

1. Mystery Angle P

In the figure on the right, m AE = m BE


A B
R

Angle BEC is 65.


Angles PAC and RAB are straight angles. 65
E

What is the measure of angle RAP?


D C
Give a reason (in words) for each step or
calculation.

Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Angle RAP = _______0 Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

172
2. Tiling the Patio

Handy Home Supplies sells patio blocks in three different shapes, shown
below. The dimensions and cost of each block are also given.

A customer called the store and asked which block would be the least
expensive to use to completely cover a 4 metre by 6 metre
rectangular patio.

Rectangular block Square block


$2.85 each $3.25 each

20 cm
40 cm

50 cm
40 cm

Triangular block
$1.30 each

40 cm

20 cm

Which patio block would you advise the customer to purchase?


Be sure to justify your answer clearly.

173
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0

The cheapest option is: ___________________ Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

174
Transformations: mathematical term for “movement”

 Translation: The slide

Ex. Shift to right


 Reflection: a flip (like a mirror image).

Ex. reflected vertical axis or horizontal axis

I am
called the
reflection
line

 Rotation: moving around

Ex. 90 rotation


The shape does not change in any way…. these transformations are movements
only.

175
Translations

A translation arrow (t) tells us the


direction and distance the shape moves.

Ex t

Step 1: Draw an axis that is perpendicular to the translation

Step 2: Move vertices the same distance as the arrow but perpendicular to the
axis to create the image.

Step 3: Connect the dots.


B
B’
A C
A’ C’ The image is always denoted with primes

176
Practice: Translate the following shape

B C t

A T

177
Reflections

A reflection is like a mirror, shows the inverted image of the shape that is an equal
distance from the reflection line (mirror’s surface)

Step 1: Measure the perpendicular distance from a vertex to the reflection line
(pathways have to be 900 to the reflection line). Measure the same
distance to locate the vertex of the image (on the other side).

s The reflection line (s) is like a


mirror.

Step 2: Repeat for each vertex and connect the dots. Do not forget the label
each vertex
s

Practice: Reflect the following


s

B C

D E

178
s

B C

Perform the following transformations:


s

A B t

C D

179
Rotations

A rotation revolves (clockwise or counter clockwise) all points of the shape about a
centre of rotation.

Step1: Draw a line from the centre of rotation to a vertex

Step 2: Using a protractor, measure the angle and draw a line of equal length to
find the vertex of the image.

130

Step 3: Repeat for each vertex and connect the dots.

130

180
Practice:
 Rotate the following triangle 70o clockwise from the center of rotation.

B C ⚫

 Rotate the following trapezoid 115o counter clockwise from the center of rotation.

181
Practice

 The following object is rotated about the centre of rotation by how many
degrees?

Answer: _______________don’t forget the degrees sign!

 Draw the image of the figure below as reflected about the reflection line.

Show your construction lines.

182
 Translate the following

A B

C D

183
The Art of Transformations

~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~

❖ You will perform on separate pages, a repeated translation, reflection


and rotation to create a symmetrical drawing.

❖ There has to be at least 6 transformations for each type using as


much as the page as possible.

❖ How to start:
Page 1: draw a figure with vertices and a translation arrow ( t )
✓ Translate this figure using the movement of the arrow at least 6
times
✓ Hint: start at the corner of your page and do not start with a
huge figure

Page 2: draw a figure with vertices and a reflection line (s)


✓ Reflect this figure across the reflection line at least 6 times
✓ Hint: Be creative with this one: for example, you can reflect
across, then put the reflection line beneath the figures you have
done to reflect down the page

Page 3: Use the center of the page as the origin. State the
degree of rotation you will use. Draw a figure with vertices
outside the point of origin.
✓ Rotate the figure around the page
✓ Hint: rotate 360  in total (a full circle with your figure). In order
to get at least 6 rotations, the degree of rotation may be less
90

COLOR YOUR DESIGNS: EACH TRANSFORMATION A


DIFFERENT COLOR

184
Unit 6: Data Management

Collecting data
Data is collected in a Frequency Table.
Title
Data Category

Eye color
Eye Colour Tally Frequency Percentage, %
Green |||| || 7 7
22 x 100 = 32%
Brown ||| 3 3
22 = 14%
Blue |||| |||| 10 10
22 = 45%
Purple || 2 2
22 = 9%
Total 22 100%

Data name

Mean: another word for ‘average’

Calculated by adding up all the numbers of the set and dividing by the
number of numbers in the set.

Range: the difference between the largest and smallest number in the data

Example: Use the following test scores to find the mean and range:

40, 60, 95, 40, 61, 61, 55, 35, 35, 100, 61, 40, 72, 72, 72, 72, 55, 61, 35, 22, 100, 61,
61, 61, 72, 72, 72, 100, 14, 61

Mean = 1818 ÷ 30 = 60.6

Range = 100 – 14 = 86

185
Practice:

1. Find mean, and range from the data below. Make a few comments about your
findings.

a) 3, 2, 7, 5, 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 10, 9

b) 15, -10, 25, -20, 10, 15, 20, -30, -15, -10

c) 88%, 75%, 89%, 99%, 100%, 80%, 66%, 92%, 79%

2. Construct a Frequency Table


A recent survey asked some grade 7 students “What is your favourite subject at
school?” The results are as follows
GH, A, Mu, G, G, E, M, M, G, M, G, G, A, F, GH, A, Mu, E, A, A, Mu, A, G, M
(M=math, G=gym, E=English, F=French, GH=Geo or History, A=art, Mu=music)

186
Modes of representation:

A picture, mode of representation, can give a better understanding of a set of data. All
graphs must have 3 titles: overall title, horizontal and vertical titles

Bar graph:

Population by Province / Territory (2016)


16
14
Millions of People

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
AB BC MB NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK YT
Province or Territory

Notice the bars are the same width, and each bar is the same distance apart.

Histograms:
% of the Total Population

Age Distribution of Canada (2016)


30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0-19 20-39 40-59 60-79 80-
Age Range

DIFFERENCE between a histogram and a bar graph:

Each bar on a histogram represents a RANGE OF DATA, where each bar on a bar graph represents a
specific category.

187
Broken-Line graph: Shows a CHANGE over time.

Circle graph: (Pie Graph)

188
How to make a Circle graph:
• Find the TOTAL of the numbers
• Decimal = each number ÷ total number
• Percent = decimal x 100
• Degrees of the sector = decimal x 360

Example: Females seen at the mall with different hair color

Hair Color Amount Decimal Percent % Degrees


Blond 33 33 ÷ 125 =0.264 0.264 x 100 =26.4 0.264 x 360 = 950
Brown 29 29 ÷ 125=0.232 0.232 x 100 = 23.2 0.232 x 360 = 83.50
Black 17 17 ÷ 125 =0.136 0.136 x 100 = 13.6 0.136 x 360 = 490
Red 9 9 ÷ 125 =0.072 0.072 x 100 = 7.2 0.072 x 360 = 25.90
Grey 37 37 ÷ 125 =0.296 0.296 x 100 = 29.4 0.296 x 360 = 106.60
Total 125 1 100% 3600

Females seen at the mall with different hair color

189
 Construct a histogram with the following data. Make 3 comparative
statements about the data.

Average Rainfall by Season in Canada (1981-2010)

Season Rainfall (mm)


Dec-Feb 74.5
March-May 192
June-Aug 269
Sept-Nov 258.3

Statements:

____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

190
 Construct a broken line graph with the following data. Make 3 comparative
statements about the data.

Statements:
Ice Cream Sales from April 24th – 28th

Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun


$410 $440 $550 $420 $610 $790 $770

Broken Line Graph:

191

DISTRIBUTION OF GRADE 7 FRENCH MARKS

MARKS TALLY FREQUENCY

20 - 29

30 - 39

40 - 49

50 - 59

60 - 69

70 - 79

80 - 89

90 - 99

What graph is best to display the above data? __________________________

Create the graph.

192

Bicycles Sales

Month Number of bicycles sold

March 7

April 12

May 23

June 19

July 8

August 5

What graph is best to display the above data? __________________________

Create the graph.

193

Average Temperature During a Week in May, 2017
20
18
16
Temperature (0C)

14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Sun
Day of the Week

a) Which day was the coldest? ________________________


b) What is the temperature range for the week?

c) What is the mean temperature for the week?

d) What is the difference between Monday’s and Thursday’s temperature?

 The ages of 30 Grade 7 students are listed below. Using this data
construct a frequency table.

12, 14, 12, 11, 13, 12,


12, 15, 13, 12, 13, 13,
13, 14, 12, 13, 12, 13,
13, 11, 13, 12, 12, 13,
12, 13, 13, 14, 12, 13.

194
 The graph below shows how the student population is distributed among the various grades of
a secondary school.

STUDENT POPULATION DISTRIBUTION OF A SECONDARY SCHOOL

NUMBER OF STUDENTS

300

280

260

240

220
200

180

160

140

120

Sec 1 Sec 2 Sec 3 Sec 4 Sec 5

GRADE LEVEL

Use this graph to construct a circle graph.

195

The circle graph below shows the activities in which 350 high school students enrolled. In the
diagram, the angle of the Art sector measures 108. Sports activities were chosen by 40 % of the
students.

How many students enrolled for computers?

 The table below lists the average monthly temperature recorded at the station in the first
5 months of the year.

Average monthly temperatures for first


five months of the year

Month Temperature in C

January -10
February -8
March -2
April 1
May 11

Draw a broken-line graph to represent the average monthly temperatures recorded during this
period which the students can hang up at the entrance to their booth.

196

Beth’s conducted a survey about favourite television shows among her
classmates.

The table below represents the results.

Type of show Number


of
Students

Adventure Time 5

Comedy Rick and Morty 4


Brooklyn Nine-Nine 3
Project Runway 3
Reality
America’s Got Talent 5
Shows
Queer Eye 10
The Flash 1

Action Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. 7


Super Girl 2
Total

Draw a circle graph that accurately represents the favorite television shows Beth’s
classmates watch.

197
198
Data Management Project

Our School

Part 1

You will prepare a survey and create a tally sheet


You will organize, classify, display and analyze the data collected from your peers.

Step 1 Create the survey


➢ Decide what you are going to survey of the Hadley Student population.
Ex. What time do Hadley students wake up?
➢ Build a frequency table to tally the data. Don’t forget a title, data category, data name, tally
and frequency. This will be handed in.

Step 2 Conduct the survey

 Have at least twenty (20) people outside of our class participate in your survey. Fill in
your frequency table.

Step 3 Change your data to at least 2 different modes of representation (hand done)
❖ Bar Graph
❖ Line Graph
❖ Pictogram
❖ Circle Graph: one must be a circle graph

Step 4 Analysis and Conclusion in a paragraph

Look at your data; this is called analysis. Some questions to answer might be:
 Is there one choice greater/lesser than the others? Greatest or least?
 Is there an increasing/decreasing trend?
 Does anything standout or surprise you? If so analyse further by telling me why you think
this might be true?
 What is the mean and range?
 Comment on your data in a paragraph. Make conclusions about what your data can tell
somebody. The more you write, the better your analysis.
 Do you think the results would be the same in other junior high schools? Explain.
 Prepare a report.

199
Part 2

Present the results to the rest of the class.

❑ Prepare your data and graphs on bristol board paper

CHECKLIST

Your work should include:

✓ The survey question and organized/classified data


✓ At least 2 different graphs (one is a circle graph)
✓ Justifications to the graphs you chose
✓ You analysis and explanations (refer to the question provided)

~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~

200
Geometry Review

 How would you get angle 3 if you know angles 1 and 2? in the diagram below? Explain yourself
clearly using mathematical language and numbers.

3
1

 You are about to renovate your room. Professionals will install a new floor, baseboards and
moulding.
You consulted different sales flyers, and have made the following choices :
✓ Hardwood flooring on sale at a cost of $102.10 per box. Each box will cover 1.85 m2.
✓ Baseboards on sale at $5.98 per 2.4 m and moulding on sale at $8.45 per 2.4 m. Taxes are
included in these sale prices.
Here is the floor plan of your room. The walls have a height of 200 cm

3.8 m
8.5 m

2.8 m

4.7 m This is not drawn


to scale
7m

With the choices that you have made, will your parents be able to renovate your room within a
budget of $4 400 planned for this renovation? Justify your answer

 The winners of a Ottawa Marathon are invited onto two rectangular red carpets to receive
their trophies.

The area of each carpet is 15 m 2. The carpets are not identical. The perimeter of one
carpet is a whole number. The perimeter of the other carpet is a decimal.

Both carpets must fit onto a platform that is 8 metres in length and 8 metres wide. Find
dimensions for 2 carpets that meet these conditions. Draw a sketch to show how they fit on
the platform.

201

Given the figure on the right and the following F
information: 1
C
Rays AF and DE are parallel, and angle BCA
measures 45. 45

a) What is the measure of angle 1? Why?


b) What is the measure of angle 2? Why?
E
c) What is the measure of angle BCF? Why? 2
d) What is the measure of angle CAB? Why?
A 40 B

D
 Harvey built a patio in the back yard.
a) What is the area of the patio?
b) What is the area of the grass?
c) What is the total area of the patio and grass?
Show your work.

740 cm 4.3 m
Grass
6.6 m
Patio
Grass

3.6 m 0.144 hm


Given rectangle ABCD with diagonals B C
AC and BD, shown on the right. Line
EF passes through side AD of the 35
rectangle. O
E A D F
Which statement below is TRUE?
A) Line EF is perpendicular to segment BC.
B) Diagonal BD is the right bisector of diagonal AC.
C) Angles AOB and COD are vertically opposite and complementary.
D) Angles BOC and COD are adjacent and supplementary.
202
Percent Review
 The grade 7 students at your school are organizing a trip to Quebec City at the end of the school
year. You are one of the 25 students chosen to participate. The student council is using the Travel in
Comfort Travel Agency who has arranged a fare of $350/person, taxes included.
To help you finance this trip, you have all participated in a fundraising campaign of selling oranges.
Now the students are ready to see how much money was raised.

In total, you and the others have sold 550 cases of oranges at $22 each! Now the supplier, the
school and the parent committee (who delivered the cases) need to be paid. This is urgent!
Here are the obligations that you must consider:
o The supplier must receive 35% of your funds;
o You must give $125 to the school for the publicity they gave you;
1
o You must give of your funds to the parent committee for deliveries.
10
Determine the amount of money that each student will receive from participating in this
fundraiser. Did they raise enough money each for the trip?


FRACTION DECIMAL PERCENT
2
5
0.04

86%

1.12

 The Canadian Snow Goose clothing store is having a blow out summer sale. You walk into the
store with $150 of birthday money. The following items caught your eye and fit perfectly:

▪ Shirt: Regular Price $49.99; on sale for 30% off


▪ Jeans: Regular Price $79.97; on sale for 15% off
▪ Shorts: Regular Price $24.00; on sale for half off
▪ Canvas shoes: Regular Price $33.33; on sale for 25% off

Do you have enough money to buy all 4 items? Don’t forget the taxes, GST 5%, PST 8.5%

 Beth and Anne are analyzing the discounts which are being offered by travel agents. Beth
thinks that the discounts are all the same! Is she right?

25 % of $30 0.03 of $25 0.25 of $30

5 9
of $30 of $25 30 % of $25
20 30

Compare each of the above discounts offered and give evidence of your thinking, don’t
forget to justify your answer with mathematical arguments.

203
Fractions Review: Solve and Simplify

 10 + 4  5 - 5  6 x 7
21 7 8 12 11 8

 3 ÷ 2 6÷ 2  3 3 +7 4
4 5 3 5 7

 16 3 - 11 5 9– 2 2 +1 1 +3 5
8 6 3 4 6

3 3 x2 1 ÷4 1  3 - 5 - 3 + 1
5 2 3 8 6 4 2


Square ABCD on the right is divided into
several other squares of different sizes. A B

What fraction of square ABCD does the shaded


part represent?

D C

 You are going to a birthday party and bring 8 litres of ice-cream. You
estimate that each guest will eat 1 1 cup (there are 4 cups in one litre).
4
How many guests can be served ice-cream?

 Beth’s test results are as follows:

History: 9 out of 15
Geography: 14 out of 25
Science: 3 out of 5
Math: 7 out of 12
Which test was her best result? Which was her worst?

204
Number Sense Review

 List the factors of each:

55: 36: 11:

 Find the GCF (Greatest Common Factor) for 12 and 20

 Michael, Lennox and Gina bought hockey cards. Each package contains the same number of
cards. Michael bought 120 cards. Lennox bought 180 cards. Gina bought 96 cards. What is the
greatest number of cards that could come in one package?

 Harvey goes to the movies every 2 weeks. His brother Brian goes every 3 weeks, and
his sister Lucy goes every 4 weeks. All three were at the movies together on Tuesday. When
will all three be at the movies at the same time again?

 Where would you put brackets to get an answer of 7 in the following question:

22 – 3 x 4 – 27 ÷ 2 + 7 = ______

 9 + (7 x 30 + 6 ÷ 3) x 15  33- [(21  7) + (6 x 3)]  (7 − 3)2 + 3  (7 − 3)

 Solve the following.

a) 5 + 24 ________________ b) 23 – 40 ________________ c) 2 x 72 ______________

d) 24 ÷ 41 ________________ e) 7squared ________ f) 5cubed ________

 Beth would like to go to horseback riding camp this summer and her parents have agreed as
long as she helps to pay for the camp fees. She has taken a part-time job babysitting after
school in order to earn some money and has determined that she needs to earn an mean of
95$ each month for five months.
After four months of saving, she is a little worried that her earnings have not been quite
adequate.
These are her monthly earnings so far : $95, $109, $91, $82.
She has one more month to save.
What is the least amount of money she can earn in this last month to reach her goal?

 This is the problem: “Square 7, add 3 to this number and divide the sum by 4.”

A student has attempted to write the correct numbers and operations for this problem in math class. The
student has written: 72 + 3 ÷ 4 but the teacher insists it is incorrect.

Explain the student’s error and correct it.

205
Integers Review

 11 - -3 =  -7 – -6 =  -12 – 4 =  - 7 + -4 =  7 + -3 =
 -5 + 8 =  4 x -5 =  -3 x - 3 =  6x2=
-  6 ÷ -3 =
 -12 ÷ -2 = -40 ÷ 10 =  7 ÷ (6 ÷ -6) + 1  (2 x 8) - (-2 x 8)
 11 – 3 x 4 - -3  8 ÷ -2 - -3  10 + -15 ÷ 3 + -4  8 + -9 + -7 x -2

 Nines is a very popular card game designed for three players. Each player begins the game
with a score of 9, and the object is to bring the score to 0. Each player must win 4 tricks per
hand to maintain his/her score. For each hand, each player’s point total will be adjusted
according to the number of tricks he/she has won:
0 tricks → + 4 5 tricks → - 1
1 trick → + 3 6 tricks → - 2
2 tricks → + 2 7 tricks → - 3
3 tricks → + 1 8 tricks → - 4
4 tricks → 0

John says that player C has won. Is he right?

Player Tricks won per hand


A 2 4 6 5 6 8 4 5 3 0 4 4 3
B 4 4 2 5 4 0 6 4 6 6 8 7 5
C 7 5 5 3 3 5 3 4 4 7 1 2 5

In golf, par is the number of strokes needed to get the ball into the hole. For example, par 4 means that
normally you can get the ball into the hole in 4 strokes. If you take 5 strokes, your score that turn is +1,
and if you take 3 strokes, your score is -1. If you take 4 strokes, your score is 0.
At the end of the course, the final score shows how many strokes it has taken someone to complete the
course. You could be at par, under par or over par. Obviously, the fewer strokes you used to complete
the course, the better.
To help you understand, your Harvey shows his last score card from his last game. Unfortunately it’s
quite old, and missing some information. You want to know if Harvey was right when he told you that his
score was -2.
Check to see if Harvey calculated correctly, by finding the missing information.
SCORE CARD : Harvey
Number of
Score Par
Strokes
Hole 1 3 5
Hole 2 +6 3
Hole 3 -2 2
Hole 4 9 4
Hole 5 7 4
Hole 6 1 3
Hole 7 +1 5
Hole 8 0 3
Hole 9 8 5
TOTAL 36

 What is the mean of the following temperatures (0C)?: -7, -6, 0, 1, -1, 1, -8

206
C2 Mock Exam Part 1

Questions 1- 3 Multiple Choice: 4 marks each

1. Which expression has the greatest value?

A) 12 − (5 + 4 × 32) C) (420 + 8)  (11 - 2)

B) (5 + 3)2  8 × 2 D) 24 − (5 × 6  3) + 4

2. Leo spends all of his free time in front of his computer. There, he spends one sixth of his time
downloading music, half of his time playing online games, and the rest of his time is spent
chatting.

What fraction of his time does Leo spend chatting?

A) 1 C) 1
4 3

B) 1 D) 1
6 12

3. Janice bought 2 novels regularly priced at $24 and $18.


They were reduced by 25%.

How much did Janice save?

A) $6.00 C) $17.00

B) $10.50 D) $31.50

Questions 4 -5 Short Answer: 4 marks each

4. Construct a trapezoid with an area of 8 cm2 and a height of 4 cm.

207
5. Place the following four values on the number line provided. Label your points on the number
line using the corresponding letter.
3 24
A) 40% B) C) 1.8 D)
15 20

0 1 2

Questions 6 – 7 Applications: 10 marks each

6. Joe wrote 5 Math tests this term. His Math test results are shown on the graph below:

Joe wants to calculate his average for the term.


• He remembers that his result on the 1st test was a multiple of 4.
• His result on the 3rd test was divisible by 3, and was 14% higher than his 4th test.
• His result on the 4th test was 4% lower than his result on the 2nd test.
• His result on the 5th test was 94%.
What is Joe’s math test average for the term?
208
7. Cassie operates a cupcake business. She needs to replace her oven and must decide whether she
should buy a new one or rent one.
She wants to spend the least amount of money she can over the next 6 months.
She also needs to calculate how much she will be spending in total over the next 6 months
once her decision has been made.

Here are her expenses:

Monthly fixed expenses:


She spends $1500 per month in rent and other fixed expenses.

Monthly cost of Ingredients:


Cassie needs the following ingredients each month:

Her needs for 1 month Her expenses


80 bags of flour 1 bag of flour costs $9.45
288 eggs a dozen (12) eggs cost $3.50
52 sticks of butter 4 sticks of butter cost $4.95
25 bags of sugar 1 bag of sugar costs $5.05

Decision: Cost of Buying or renting an oven

• Buy the oven for $484.80


• Rent the oven for $79.60 for each month
Knowing that Cassie wants to spend the least amount, what is the total amount she
will spend during the next 6 months of business? All prices include taxes
Cost for
Expense Monthly cost
6 months
Rent and other
Fixed expenses
Ingredients

Oven

Total

Cassie will spend $ ______________ during the next 6 months of


business.
209
C2 Mock Exam Part 2

Questions 1- 3 Multiple Choice: 4 marks each

1. Simply the following expression, respecting the order of operations:

2
1
(
  + 5  120 %  0.75
1
)
2

1 17
A) 8 C) 1
4 20

3 1
B) 7 D) 8
4 2

2. The drawing below represents a wooded property that must be fenced in.
The perimeter of the fence is 337 m.

0.18 km

?
2m
0.4 hm

230 dm

8 dam

What is the length of the missing side?

A) 120 m C) 0.12 m

B) 12 m D) 1.2 m

210
3. George is a marine biologist and is currently looking at the migration patterns of whales. To begin
his research, he dives 60 metres below the surface level of the water. He then rises 25 metres to
get a better look at the whales as they come up for air. He then swims down 45 metres.
Finally, he swims up 15 metres to snap a photo of a whale.
What is George’s depth when he snaps the photo?

A) 55 metres below the surface C) 95 metres below the surface

B) 65 metres below the surface D) 25 metres below the surface

Questions 4 -5 Short Answer: 4 marks each

4. Draw the following lines on triangle ABC: A

a) the bisector of angle C.


b) the altitude from the vertex A.
C
B

5. Consider the triangles below and answer the four questions.


The triangles are not necessarily drawn to scale.
R

F 42

45
G  E
136
P

a) What type of angle is RPQ?


b) What type of triangle is PQR?
c) What is the measure of angle is EFG?
d) What type of triangle is GEF?

211
212
RUBRICS
These are guides that show you how your work is graded.

Application Problem RUBRIC


RULE: METHODS is the “Boss” category. This means that the categories cannot score
higher than the METHODS score.
METHODS 40 32 24 16 8 0

Correct methods Correct Correct Correct Correct Correct No


are used method is method method is method is method is work
shown for is shown shown shown for shown for shown
every step. for for most some steps one step
Formulas almost steps (3 mistakes) OR an
must be all steps (2 attempt is
shown. (1 mistakes) made
mistake)
CALCULATIONS 40 32 24 16 8 0
One or A major
Verify all All two mistake 2 major An attempt No
calculations (should calculations minor (EX: mistakes OR is made. work
use 2 ways) are correct mistakes order of more than 3 shown
(EX: ops, minor
mis-calc, wrong mistakes
mis- formula)
copy or or 3
missing minor
#) mistakes
ORGANIZATION 20 16 12 8 4 0

Labels, neatness, Steps are Missing Missing Work is Incomplete No


clarity. labelled, one of two of complete and work
work is the the three. but disorganized shown
neat, three. disorganized
connections
are clear.

(Mini Version)
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0

213
Assignment RUBRIC
RULE: “Completeness” is the “Boss” category. This means that the categories cannot
score higher than the COMPLETENESS score.

COMPLETENESS 40 30 20 10 0

Complete Almost Some work An attempt No


complete is done is made. work
shown

METHODS and 40 30 20 10 0
CALCULATIONS Correct
Correct Correct methods Correct No
methods methods and methods and work
and and calculations calculations shown
calculations calculations sometimes. rarely
almost mostly.
always.
ORGANIZATION 20 15 10 5 0

Neatness and Complete Complete Work is Incomplete No


Clarity (easy to work that is work complete and work
read). neat, and missing but not neat disorganized shown
easy to one of the or clear.
read. two.

(Mini Version)
Completeness 40 30 20 10 0
Methods & 40 30 20 10 0
Calculations
Organization 20 15 10 5 0

214