Review  2 – 5
1
Converting Measurements
meters
Practice:
4 cm = ______ mm
60 mm = _____ cm
7000 m = _____ km
8 cm = ______ mm
8 m = ______ cm
300 cm = _____ m
1 cm = ______ mm 7 cm = ______ mm
2 km = ______ m 10 m = ______ cm
2
WHICH OPERATION TO USE…. without solving the following problems,
write whether you would: add, subtract, multiply or divide…
1. There are 544 students at Hadley, and 255 are girls. How many boys are at
Hadley?
2. Sam bought 18 baseball cards, 22 hockey cards and 57 football cards. How
many cards does he have in total?
3. Jack has 74 cards in his collection. He gave 38 to his friend because he doesn’t
want them anymore. How many cards does he have now?
4. At the store, bubble gum cost 2$ per pack. Sally bought 8 packs. How much did it
cost?
5. Sarina borrowed $40 each from 10 different people. How much did she borrow
altogether?
6. Tim has $12 in his wallet. He’s going to a movie which costs $9. How much
money will he have left?
3
7. Andrew spent 10 minutes eating breakfast 15 minutes eating lunch and 20
minutes eating dinner. How much time did he spend eating so far today? If he
does this every day, how much time will he spend eating in a week?
8. Chris bought a pair of shorts on sale for $10. The usual price is $40. How much
did he save? How much would he pay if he bought five?
9. Jane works at the store for $11 an hour. She worked 25 hours last week. What
was the amount on her pay check? How much would it cost to pay a staff of 7
workers for 8 weeks at the same rate?
10. Melanie babysits for $10 an hour. Each night she babysits she makes $50. How
many hours does she babysit in a night? How many weeks would it take to save
up for a 400$ bicycle if she babysits twice a week
4
ROUNDING:
54: ____ 79: ____ 12: ____ 303: _____ 486: _____ 160:_____
1348: _____ 5027: _____ 1595: _____ 6387: _____ 3811: ______
3.73: _____ 0.77: _____ 2.5: _____ 0.04: _____ 9.76: ______ 6.38: ______
5
Area and Perimeter
** height is always
900 to the base**
Label base (b or B)
and height (h) on
each polygon.
6
VOCABULARY
Fill in the Blanks from the following list
Right Quadrilateral Polygon
Parallelogram Rectangle Square Root
Trapezoid Complex Polygon Base (b or B)
Area Height (h) Square
Perpendicular Triangle Perimeter
Rhombus Congruent Parallel lines
7
VOCABULARY
Sketch an example of each
Congruent Lines Polygon
8
Take Note!
Perimeter: add up all the sides (the outside of the polygon)
4 cm
4.2 cm
4.2 cm
4 cm
Trapezoid
3 cm
3.2 cm 3.2 cm
2 cm
9
Take Note!
AREA is different for different polygons…
…so ALWAYS WRITE the Area Formula!
Square: Area = base x height
A=bxh
** height is always
900 to the base**
Rectangle: A = b x h
Parallelogram: A = b x h
Rhombus: A = b x h OR A = d1 x d2 ÷ 2 (d = diagonal)
Triangle: A = b x h OR A=bxh÷2
2
Trapezoid: A = [(B + b) x h] (notice both bases are in brackets, so add first, then x h, then ÷ 2)
2
OR A = (B + b) x h ÷ 2
Practice: Construct each of the following and find the area and perimeter.
10
Triangle with base = 5 cm and height = 3 cm
11
Finding base and height when the area is known:
Take NOTE!
Square: what multiplied by itself gets the given area?
For a square ONLY:
Example: Area of a square is 100 cm 2 Side length =
bxh
Take Note! Area
10 x 10
Rectangle and Parallelogram: what base and height multiplied together gets the given area?
b x h Take Note!
8 x 7 There are many
possible answers
for the base and
Example: Area of parallelogram = 36 cm 2 height for each
example
b x h Take Note!
9 x 4
Triangle: since the formula is base x height ÷ 2, when the area is known, it
needs to multiplied by 2 first, then look for a base x height that gives
the new area.
b x h
6 x 4 Verify: A = b x h ÷ 2= 6 x 4 ÷ 2 = 24 ÷ 2 = 12 cm2
Trapezoid: since the formula is [(BASE + base) x height] ÷ 2, when the area is
known, it needs to multiplied by 2 first, then look for a base x height
that gives the new area, then split the bases … some for the bottom
and some for the top.
b x h Take Note!
7 x 4
B+ b
4 + 3 (B and b cannot be equal)
12
Verify: A = (B + b) x h ÷ 2 = (4 + 3) x 4 ÷ 2 = 7 x 4 ÷ 2= 28 = 14 cm2
Practice: Construct the following polygons
13
Trapezoid with an area of 27 cm2
14
Area and Perimeter Practice:
1440 cm 5.6 m
Grass
66 dm
Patio
Grass
5.6 m 1440 cm
a) Find the height of a parallelogram if the area is 35 cm2 and the base is 5 cm.
b) Find the base of a parallelogram if the area is 126 cm2 and the height is 9 cm.
c) Find the area of a parallelogram if the base is 11 cm and the height is 7 cm.
15
Measure the height of the following polygons:
a) b)
10 cm
3 cm
6 cm
6 cm
16
Mr. Nadeau grows tomatoes in a squareshaped garden and lettuce in a
rectangularshaped garden. The two gardens have the same width. If the
perimeter of the rectangle is 11 m and its length is 3 m, what is the
perimeter of the square garden?
The diagram below shows a fence around a yard. With the given
measurements can you determine how many metres of fencing are required?
How much money will be required if the cost of fencing is $35 per metre.
3.5 m
Area = 15.75 m2
A can of paint covers an area of 18 m2. How many cans of paint are
needed to paint two rectangular walls of a warehouse that are 9 m by 6 m and one
ceiling that is 9 m by 8 m?
17
AREA & PERIMETER REVIEW
a) 72cm2
b) 72cm
height = 6 cm
c) 24cm
d) 36cm2 Base = 12 cm
1. Square
2. Rectangle
3. Parallelogram
4. Rhombus
5. Trapezoid
6. Triangle
18
Question 7 is worth 1 mark
7. Shape Formula for perimeter
b
a a
b
7 cm = __________ mm
5000 m = __________ km
4m = __________ cm
10 cm = __________ mm
688 mm = __________ m
25 dm = __________ cm
1200 cm = __________ km
base = 15 cm
Height = 6 cm
Base = 12 cm
Area = ________________
19
10. Calculate the area of the following complex polygon. Remember units. (6 marks)
20 m
2m 10 m
5m
Area = ______________
11. What is the perimeter of a rectangle if the area is 56 cm2 and other side
measures 8 cm? (4 marks)
56 cm2 8 cm
Perimeter = _________________
20
Application Questions. Your work, every little step, is graded according to the
RUBRIC at the back of the workbook. (10 marks each)
Danny wants to fertilize a garden that measures 3.8 metres by 5.2 metres.
He has a $25 gift card for the Home Garden Center.
One bag of fertilizer covers an Area of 3.5m².
Each Bag costs $4.40, all taxes included.
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Is the Gift Certificate enough to Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
cover the cost? (yes or no):_________ Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
21
13.Security Zones
34m
28m
5m
42m
Your supervisor asks you to study the following proposals submitted by two
companies.
Company 1: One metre of fencing costs $26. Installation cost is $1500
Company 2: Fencing is sold in 6 metres. Each section costs $190. The installation
is $1000
Which company offers the best deal and what will be the cost of the fencing?
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
The cheapest deal is offered by: Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
___________________________
22
14.Hawks Renovation
a. Calculate the area of the new sign. Use a diagram to show your work.
b. Marc insists that they need to put a neon feather border around the
sign. How long does this border need to be?
c. If the border costs $3/m and the sign material costs $2/m2, how much
more will the new sign cost compared to the original size?
Methods 4 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 4 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 2 16 12 8 4 0
23
Review Score:
Multiple Choice:
8
Short Answer:
8
Long Answer:
14
Application Questions:
30
TOTAL
60
24
FRACTIONS
PartsandWhole
25
If this rectangle is onethird, what could the whole look like?
What fraction of the big square does the small square represent? (In other
words, how many times can the small square fit into the larger one?)
Whole
What fraction is the large rectangle if the smaller one is the whole?
Whole
26
If the rectangle for each below is one whole,
c) find seventhirds
If the following rectangle represents twothirds, what could the whole look like?
27
If the following rectangle is onesixth, what does the whole look like?
If the following rectangle is fourthirds, what does the whole look like?
If the following triangle represents onehalf, what does the whole look like?
28
Improper and Mixed Numbers
Improper Fractions: 7 , 13 , 3 , 9
4 7 2 5
• more than a whole (the numerator is larger than the denominator)
• can always be written as mixed number ( a whole number and a fraction)
22 7
What makes a whole with this fraction?
7 7
7 7 7
= 1 whole = 1 whole = 1 whole ( 21 total so far) and 1 is left.
7 7 7 7 7
So, 22 = 3 1
7 7
3
Remainder 1
22
= 7 22 =3 1 becomes the
7 7 numerator
 21
1 The denominator
does not change
29
Practice: Choose a method to write each improper fraction as a mixed number.
7 = 25 17
3 9 5
45
31 19
10 11 5
8
14 4
2 4 1
Method
5
3 The 3 means there are 3 wholes: 8 , 8 , 8 then there’s 5 = 29
8 8 8 8 8 8
do not change
the denominator
30
Method
6 3 Denominator (bottom) x whole number + Numerator (top), over the same denominator
4
4×6+3 27
=
4 4
3 2 7 5 4 8
3 7 11
1 3 2 1 6 4
4 5 9
5 4 2 2 1 5
4 5 12
31
Compare the following fractions. Which fraction in each pair is GREATER?
2
and 2
5 9
4
and 5
9 9
3
and 4
8 10
7
and 7
8 3
3
and 9
4 10
3
and 4
8 7
32
5
and 6
11 11
3
and 3
5 7
9
and 4
8 3
5
and 4
9 8
8
and 8
13 15
11
and 8
8 5
1
and 1
6 7
33
Fractions and Number Lines
A B C
0 1 2
A: ______ B: ______ C: _______
B
A C
0 1
A: 1 B: 3 C: 5 D: 14
2 4 4 8
a)
0 5
9
34
b)
0 5
12
c)
10
18
d)
21
26
e)
1
2
35
Number Sense
Factors: Two whole numbers multiplied together are factors of the product
Prime Numbers: A prime number can only be divided by itself therefore it has only 2 factors
2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37
41 43 47 53 61 67 71 73 79 83
89 97 101 ….
24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24
45
28
7
36
Greatest Common Factor (GCF): The largest common factor between 2 numbers
12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
16: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
18 and 24
21 and 49
Beth is obsessed with being organized. She even organizes her treats! She has 24
red skittles, 36 green skittles and 48 yellow skittles.
Beth puts them ALL, no leftovers, into piles that each have the same amount of each
colour of skittle. (Ex: maybe each pile has 1 red, 3 green and 2 yellow). Give at least 2
examples of what the piles could look like.
Scott is about to simplify the following fraction in one step using the GCF. How
can he do it?
18
63
37
Multiples: Counting by the given number
3: 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 …
12
5
The smallest number that is common between 2 or more numbers (it is the first common number that
shows up)
Example:
4 and 5
In order to maintain the ship’s speed, three furnaces were filled at exactly 7 A.M.
Afterwards, the first furnace was filled every 4 hours, the second every 3 hours and
the third every 2 hours. At what time were these three furnaces next filled at the same
time?
The school is planning a BBQ for about 200 students. They will be serving
hamburgers and pop. At Costco’s, the buns come in bags of 18 and the
patties in boxes of 24. How many of each must the school buy to make about
200 hamburgers and not have any extra buns or patties leftover?
38
Practice: Read the questions below and place an X in the box you think
describes the question type. DO NOT SOLVE.
Shannon, Sam, and Jordan are adding fractions. They know that to simplify
fractions they must find an equivalent number that will divide into both the
numerator and the denominator.
15
What number did they choose when simplifying 25 ?
Today Mariel, Natasha, and Jenny are going to the video store to rent one
DVD each. Mariel rents a DVD every 12 days, Natasha every 16 days, and
Jenny every 18 days. How many times during the next year (365 days) will
these three people go to rent a DVD on the same day?
• On Monday, she put her students into groups of 3 and had no students left over.
• On Wednesday, she had the students work in groups of 2 but had 1 student left
over.
• On Friday, the students worked in groups of 5 but there were 2 students left over.
• No students were absent on any of these days.
What was the smallest number of students that she could have in her class?
39
Three buses leave the station at 8:00 a.m., heading out on different routes.
The buses complete each of their round trips back to the station in the
following times:
Bus 1: 45 minutes
Bus 2: 30 minutes
Bus 3: 20 minutes
If they continue their round trips on schedule, at what time will all three buses
first meet back at the station?
You are with your friends at the corner store purchasing candies. You have
chosen 105 sour cherries, 75 raspberry sours, and 45 sour keys.
How many friends will you need in order to divide your candies so that each
person obtains equal numbers of sour cherries, raspberry sours, and sour
keys? What are their names?
Mr. Clare wishes to cover the ceiling of the gym with square tiles. The
dimensions of the room are 30m by 18m. What is the largest square tile that
will fit perfectly in the ceiling?
Scott, and Blake are adding fractions. They know that to add fractions they
must find an equivalent fraction where the denominators are the same.
3 1
What denominator did they choose when adding 4 + 5 ?
40
Equivalent Fractions: Fractions that mean the same amount of the whole
///////////// /////////////
2 2 shaded out
of 4 boxes is
4 the same as
1 shaded out
of 2 boxes if
the wholes
are the
////////////////////////////// SAME SIZE
1
2
Practice
Write two (2) equivalent fractions for the following situations.
/////// ////////
/// /// //// //// ////
/////// //////// /// /// //// //// ////
41
Writing Equivalent Fractions
To write equivalent fractions, multiply or divide the numerator and denominator by the
same factor:
x2
Examples: 7 = 14 14 ÷ 7
= 2
8 x2 16 35 ÷ 7 5
REMEMBER the “Golden Rule”: “What you do to the top, you do to the
bottom”
42
Practice: Which of the following situations show equivalent fractions? Show how
you know (multiply or divide by the same factor, or cross multiply).
A. Stephanie ate 2 of her Kit Kat bar; Sam ate 4 of his Kit Kat bar.
5 10
E. There are 16 boys in Ms. Mckinnon’s class. There are 13 girls in Ms. Macleod`s class.
32 26
43
H. Stan read 100 pages of his book; Jan read 120 pages and Frank read 80 pages.
105 130 90
I. Ann made 5 serves during the volleyball game; Nathalie made 8 serves.
6 9
K. Nancy read 84 pages of her book and Beth read 252 pages.
105 315
44
Simplifying Fractions: writing equivalent fractions in lowest terms.
6 3
Example: can be simplified to by dividing both the denominator and numerator by the same factor, 2.
8 4
6 ÷2
= 3
8 ÷2 4
6
13
________________is on bottom and it tells us _________________________________________________
0 1 2
Place the following fractions in the proper column in the table below.
3 5 21 3 2 12
38 4 20 5 33 6
Write a single fraction (improper) for 3 3 . How do you know you are right?
7
46
Rewrite as a mixed number or as an improper fraction as necessary.
23
→ 25
→ 9→
3 9 6
4 5 → 3 7 →
1 13 12
36 →
4 or 3 11 or 10 7 or 3
5 4 10 11 8 8
22 or 4 2 or 2 13 or 7
50 8 3 5 25 16
5, 6, 7¸ 3, 11
8 11 8 2 22
a) 5 __________________ b) 8 _____________________
6 11
a) 4 , 8 , 9 , 16 , 32 ________ b) 18 , 2 , 14 , 6 , 20 ________
5 10 15 20 40 27 3 21 15 30
16 15 23 24 7
, , , , _______________________________
24 27 24 32 12
47
Adding and Subtracting Fractions
➢ The denominators have to be the same before we add or subtract the numerators
➢ If the denominators are not the same, we must find a common denominator.
7 1 𝟕 ×1 𝟏 ×4 7 4 3
Example : 2 + 4 = 6 = 1 1 Example : − = − = − =
5 5 5 5 12 3 𝟏𝟐 ×1 𝟑 ×4 12 12 12
×𝟕 ×𝟗
Example : 7 + 6 = 7 ×𝟕 + 6 ×𝟗 = 49 54 = 103 = 1 40
9 7 9 7 63 63 63 63
5 + 6= 2+ 2= 5 +1 =
11 11 5 5 6 6
3+5= 4 + 3= 1+ 3=
4 12 5 10 2 8
1
2+ 3= + 2
= 1+ 3=
3 4 2 3 6 8
48
Practice: Find the difference.
6  5= 4  2= 5 1 =
11 11 5 5 6 6
3  5= 4  3= 1  3=
4 12 5 10 2 8
1
3  2= 2  = 3  1=
4 3 3 2 8 6
9  3= 3 + 2= 3  1=
10 5 7 5 4 6
5+ 2= 8 3= 2+ 6=
8 7 9 5 3 11
1+ 1+ 2= 2 + 5+ 3=
3 4 5 3 6 4
8  3+ 1= 5+ 1  5=
15 10 5 6 3 12
49
Adding Mixed Numbers
Method
• Add the whole numbers
• Add the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Add the whole number to the fraction
• Simplify to the lowest terms if needed
1 3
Example: 4 +2 = Step 4 + 2 = 6
3 4
3 1 ×4 3
Step
1
+ =
×4
+ ×3 = 4
+
9 13
= =1
1
3 4 3 4 ×3 12 12 12 12
1 1
Step 6 + 1 =7
12 12
Method
• Write the mixed numbers as improper fractions
• Add the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Simplify where possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed
1 3 13 11 52 33 85 1
Example: 4 +2 = 3x4+1 +4x2+3= + = + = =7
3 4 3 4 12 12 12 12
3 4
32+14= 41 +65 =
3 9 4 6
50
Subtracting Mixed Numbers
Method Borrowing
• Subtract the fractions first; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• If the subtraction cannot be performed, borrow 1 from the first whole number
• Make a whole in fractional form using the common denominator
• Subtract the whole numbers
• Subtract the fractions; simplify if possible Cannot take 25 from 24
• Add the whole number(s) and the fraction
4 5 4
Example: 7  2 = Step 7
×6
×6
− 25 ×5
×5
= 7
24
2
25
5 6 5 6 30 30
30 24 25 54 25
Step 6 +  2 = 6 2 =
30 30 30 30 30
Step 6 – 2 = 4
30
6 is the same as 7 wholes 54 25 29 29
30 Step  = =4
30 30 30 30
Method
• Write the mixed numbers as improper fractions
• Subtract the fractions; DO NOT FORGET TO HAVE A COMMON DENOMINATOR
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed
Example: 4 1  2 3 = 3 x 4 + 1  4 x 2 + 3 = 13  11 = 52  33 = 19 = 1 7
3 4 3 4 12 12 12 12
3 4
3 1 – 1 11 = 61 –45 =
3 18 4 6
51
9–57 = 81 –25=
9 2 9
24 – 2 7 = 17 – 4 2
5 10 5
Beth ate 1 of one cheese pizza and Scott ate 5 of the same pizza. How much
4 8
pizza was eaten? How much was left?
Harvey’s gas tank showed 11 full at the beginning of the week. On Friday, the
16
1
gas gauge read full. How much gas did he use in a week?
3
52
Ms. Mckinnon travels 21 km to work. She stops for coffee 15 3 km into her
4
drive. What’s the distance left from the coffee shop to Ms. Mckinnnon’s work?
The Nadeau family drove from Ottawa to Cambridge to see relatives. They
drove for 3 1 hours, stopped for 3 hour for lunch and continued to Cambridge
3 4
for another 2 1 hours.
2
Anne bought 7 meters of rope for a school project. She used 5 7 of it. How
8
much rope was not used?
53
Multiplying Fractions (Do not need common denominators) ‘of’
means
• Multiply the numerators together (the two top numbers) multiply
• Multiply the denominators together (the two bottom numbers)
• Simplify if possible and rewrite as a mixed number if needed
5 3 15 3
Example: x = =
7 5 35 7
3 9 3 27 3
Example: 9 x = x = =6
4 1 4 4 4
2 1 8 5 40 4 1
Example: 2 x1 = x = =3 =3
3 4 3 4 12 12 3
2 x 3= 11 x 1 = 4x 3=
3 4 4 9 10
3 of 8 = 7x 2= 3 of 1 =
4 10 5 8 2
3x 5= 6 of 3 = 5x 2=
7 6 11 5 12 7
54
Practice: Solve.
2 x 1 x 3= 2 x11 =
3 4 5 3
2 of 2 1 = 32 x 43=
5 2 3 7
12 x15= 5 2 of 4 =
9 8 7
During the summer Scott work 4 1 hours for 8 weeks. How many hours did he
2
work in total?
What is 1 of 60?
5
Harvey takes 1 1 weeks to paint a house. How many weeks will it take to paint
3
15 houses on the block?
55
Dividing Fractions (Do not need common denominators)
• Mixed Numbers: write the mixed numbers as improper fractions, then follow the above steps
4 2 4 3 12 2 1
Example: = x = =1 =1
5 3 5 2 10 10 5
3 1 13 7 13 3 39 4
Example: 2 2 = = x = =1
5 3 5 3 5 7 35 35
4 3= 1 1=
9 5 4 4
3 1= 1 3=
10 15 2
6 2= 3 21 =
3 7 2
56
Practice: Solve.
1341 21 =
5 3 4
Sally is getting ready to cut a 20 meter ribbon into smaller pieces of 3 meters
5
each. How many 3 meter pieces of ribbon will she have?
5
Scott and Vitto have 3 of a pizza to share. How much will each boy get?
4
How many boards 1 1 meters long can be cut from a board that is 11 1 meters long?
2 2
You are going to a birthday party and bring 10 litres of icecream. You
estimate that each guest will eat 1 1 cup (there are 4 cups in one litre).
3
12÷11÷3=
3 5
57
EXPONENTS
35 = 3 X 3 X 3 X 3 X 3 = 243
3 = BASE
5 = EXPONENT
The exponent tells you how many times the base is multiplied by itself
Special Cases:
71 = 7
3squared =32
4cubed = 43
Practice: Simplify.
60 = 05 = 42 =
42 + 3 1 = 53 – 660 =
82 ÷ 42 = 31 x 2 3 =
3? = 27 4? = 1 ?2 = 16
?2 = 49 ?4 = 0 5? = 125
58
Exponent Practice
a) 5 + 24 ____________________ b) 23 – 40 __________________
c) 2 x 72 ____________________ d) 24 ÷ 41 __________________
Solve.
One group of 4 students in a grade seven class did a survey about favourite pizza. Each
person called 4 people, and they ask those people to call 4 people each. In turn those
people asked to call 4 people each, and those individuals called 4 people each. How
many people were called?
Simplify
40 x 51 + 22  340
59
Order of Operations: BEDMAS
B = brackets
E = exponents
D = division
M = multiplication
A = addition
S = subtraction
Whatever comes first
A S from left to right
Start
Example: 9 + (7 x 20 + 6 ÷ 3) x 13
9 + (7 x 1 + 6 ÷ 3) x 1
9 +( 7 + 2 ) x 1
9 + 9 x 1
9 + 9
18
60
Practice:
3 + [(28 7) + (6 – 3)] 24 4 x 2 + (3 – 2)
52 14 − 18 17 3+45
61
(8 − 5)2 + 3 (7 − 2) (8 − 5)2 + 3 (7 + 2)
12 3 − 2 − 1 + 5 9 (3 + 5) (24 − 4) 0
(8 – 3) + 20 x 4 {14 + (36 ÷ 9) x 2 } ÷ 11 + 71
8 x 7 – (32 + 4) x 2 16 + 31 x 0 + ( 33 – 7)
62
Practice: Translate the following and solve.
Add the square of five to thirty, and then subtract the cube of three.
Square the sum of five and three; then subtract the product of four and
seven.
Claudia buys tools that cost $81.00 including taxes. She gives the cashier
three $20 bills, two $10 bills and one $5 bill.
Timing Skills: 4, 8, 8, 9, 6, 6, 8
63
Order of Operations with Fractions using BEDMAS
Whatever
comes first from
A S left to right
B = brackets
E = exponents
D = division Whatever
D M comes first from
M = multiplication left to right
A = addition
S = subtraction E
B
START
14
Simplified answer: dividing the numerator and
45 denominator by the factor 2
64
Practice: Solve following the order of operations (work in your notebook if you need
more space)
5131 +3 7 = 3+3x 1=
5 4 10 8 4 2
2
1 x 1+ 2 = 2 ÷ 1
+ 4x 1 =
4 2 3 3 2 5 4
3+ 1x 2+11= 4÷ 3+ 2÷12=
5 2 3 2 7 7 3 3
3÷ 2x11  1 =
8 3 3 2
65
Extra Practice (do in your notebook)
2 3 3 2
A. + 10 G. 4  4
5
2 3 3 2
B. +9 H. 8 + 4
6
8 3 3 2 3
C. 12  10 I. 4 + 12  24
5 3 2
D. 15  1 J. 4  6
3
9 2 3 6
E. 12 + 12 K. 8 + 7
3 2 2 2
F. 4 + 6 L. 3  5
1 1 3 1
M. 6 + 3 x 4 ÷ 2
66
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.
1. School Garden
Amy’s students decided to use a rectangular area in the school yard to make a garden.
They are drawing up a plan of this garden. On this plan, they have drawn a central
path. The
area will be divided up as follows:
Use a diagram to show how the garden could be laid out. Explain how you
found the fraction taken up by flowers.
Write the fraction of the area that will be taken up by flowers.
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
67
2. CocaCola Expenses
Mr. Nelson makes $50,000 a year. Of this income, 1/7 goes towards food and
beverage. Of this amount, ¼ goes towards CocaCola products. 1/3 of this amount is
spent on the diet Coke for Mrs. Nelson. The other 2/3 is spent on the always delicious
and refreshing straight up Coke.
a) How much is spent on straight up Coke?
b) If 3/13 of his Coke spending is spent on chocolate, how much money is spent
on chocolate?
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
68
3. Ticket Sales $$$
Four players on the Hawks Basketball Team are selling tickets as a fundraiser. Each
player had a different number of tickets to sell.
The table below summarizes the number of tickets sold in relation to the number of
tickets each had to sell.
69
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
70
Fraction Assignment:
Choose one of the following to hand in for marking
Sharing Brownies
71
72
The Pizza Contest
Four students in grade 7 were having a pizza contest. Each said he/she could eat
the most pizza. Each student ordered a large from the restaurant. Here is what
each ate:
1 1
I ate of it first. It tasted great! Then I decided to eat more. I was getting a bit
3 4
1 1
full, so I ate . Finally, I stuffed down more, and couldn’t take another bite.
6 12
2 1
I ate of it first. Then I ate more. I was getting pretty full so I took one piece and cut it in half.
3 9
ullur 1 2
I ate of it first. It tasted great! Then I decided to eat of it. I was getting a bit
3 9
Harvey: I told the restaurant not to cut my pizza. I did it myself into equal pieces, and first I ate 4
pieces. It wasn’t too bad. Then I ate 3 more pieces and finally, I ate 4 more pieces. There was
only 1 piece of my pizza left.
Use the next page to explain your thinking and show your work.
You can use the circles the circles to help represent the pizzas.
73
Show your explanations, drawings and calculations here:
Scott
Anne
Beth
Harvey
74
Sharing Brownies
Part A: How much would each person get? Show how you find your
answer.
Part B: If all the brownie pieces started out as the same size, which group
above got the most brownies per person? Which group got the least per
person? Did any group get the same amount? Show your work.
75
76
Average (Mean)
Calculated by adding up all the numbers of the set and dividing by the number of numbers in the set
75 + 80 + 99 + 70 = 324
Practice:
$260,053 $279,000
$2543,101 $256,679
$273,233 $495,999
Anne’s pay for the pass 5 weeks was: $212.00, $195.50, $333.33, $245.45
and $303.03. What was her average pay over those five weeks?
b) Two numbers are missing from 51, 68, 47, 32, 41, ____, ____ to equal an
average of 47.
77
Number Sense Review
Which of the following is the difference of 25 and 5? (Circle the letter of choice)
A) 125 C) 5
B) 20 D) 30
A) 125 C) 5
B) 20 D) 30
A) 125 C) 5
B) 20 D) 30
A) 125 C) 5
B) 20 D) 30
B) 83 = 8 3 D) 14 = 4
A) 17 C) 55
B) 15 D) 6
78
Which of the following statements is true?
A) 32 + 2 0 = 3 2 + 1 C) 100 = 10
B) 18 = 2 33 D) 53 = 5 3
A) 12 13 C) 32 23
B) 28 82 D) 50 51
A) 5x4 C) 4x5
B) 5x5x5x5 D) 125
Find the GCF and LCM of 24 and 18. Show your work in the tables provided
below.
Factors of 24
Factors of 18
GCF=
Multiples of 24
Multiples of 17
LCM=
79
List the first ten prime numbers
b) What will each crew look like? (How many of each position?)
Scott has two jobs. He gets paid every 14 days from his busboy job and
every 30 days from his lawnmowing job. How many days will it take Scott
to receive both cheques on the same day?
80
The Army Cadet Camp can accommodate 150 boys and 120 girls. The
leaders want to form as many teams as possible having an equal number of
boys and girls. How many girls will be in each team?
Claudia buys tools that cost $81.00. She gives three $20 bills,
two $10 bills and one $5 bill.
Practice: Solve.
The Hadley Chess Club is made up of 9 students whose average age is 12.
The teacher decides to join the team, and the average age increases to 14.
What is the age of the teacher?
Scott loves video games. His average for his favourite game is 4960 points
after playing 18 games. He would like to increase his average to 5000 points.
How many points must he get in his next game?
81
Interesting Numbers ASSIGNMENT
o The number should be displayed somewhere on the poster where it stands out
(in the middle, a corner…)
✓ Brackets
✓ Exponent
✓ Each operation (+, , x, ÷)
o Give some interesting fact(s) about your number. For example I chose 26. My
interesting facts were: The number on my favourite hockey player’s jersey (Mats
Naslund), the number of letters in the alphabet, and apparently you can solve a
rubrics cube in 26 moves or less.
NOTES:
• You may choose to do this in another format (Ex: PowerPoint
presentation)
• See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking
guide.
82
Decimals
PLACE VALUE
83
Practice:
a) 713.56 _____________________________________________________
b) 0.605 _____________________________________________________
c) 303.003 ____________________________________________________
d) 2.0645 _____________________________________________________
e) 9009.09 ____________________________________________________
380 _________________________________________
0.89 _________________________________________
8.216 _________________________________________
84
Ordering & Comparing:
• First look at the whole numbers
• Look at the tenths position…the largest digit is the larger number
• Then look at the hundredths position, and so forth
No whole #s
6 7
100 100
85
Place in order of least to greatest:
Remember our number system is based on tens... which means we have to divide the
space between two numbers into 10 equal parts for tenths and divide each of these into
10ths for hundredths and so forth.
STEPS
86
Example: Graph 2.1, 2.3, 2.5 and 2.9
2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3
2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39 2.40
Practice:
87
On each number line, determine the value of each point.
A B C
0 2
A B C
5.60 6.20
A B C
11.235 11.241
ROUNDING:
88
Practice:
89
Put the following on a number line
The cashier at the restaurant is working with a calculator to get the total
amount of each bill after he calculates the tax. He is confused and doesn’t
know what to tell the customers what they owe because there are too many
numbers. Please help him decide how much each customer must pay.
6502 ________________________________________________________
6.502 ________________________________________________________
5.62 _________________________________________________________
7. 06 _________________________________________________________
90
What about time?
Place in order from longest to shortest time: (distance race)
The distance between Beth and her friend’s house is 7.846 km.
a) What is the distance between their houses, rounded to the nearest tenth of a
kilometre? ___________________________
b) What is the distance between their houses, rounded to the nearest hundredth of a
kilometre? ___________________________
Line up the decimals according to their place value and fill in empty space
after the decimal with zeroes.
Practice:
92
Estimate, and then find the difference.
Answer the following questions using the decimals from the box.
25.008
b) Use 2 decimals whose difference is 13.108
11.9
0.004
c) Use 3 decimals whose sum is 37.352
93
Multiplying Decimals
Scott worked 24 hours last week. He makes $9.55 per hour. He got $44.50 in
tips. How much money did Scott make last week?
94
Dividing Decimals
If there is no decimal outside (the divisor), divide like whole numbers, and when
you get to the decimal, put it up, and then continue.
9.398
59
 54
50
58.7 ÷ 7 94.436 ÷ 28
0.0294 ÷ 6 0.63 ÷ 9
48.5 ÷ 10 28.16 ÷ 4
95
If there is a decimal outside (the divisor), move it until the number is whole, and move
the decimal inside the same number of spaces. If there are less spaces inside, add
zeroes. Remember, there are no remainders.
22.5
Blake stacked 12 blocks which measured 45.6 centimetres. What is the height
of each block?
96
Order of Operations and Decimals: follow the rules of BEDMAS
Practice:
97
(3.2 + 5.01) – (2.3 – 0.58 ÷ 10) 9.8 x (4.5 ÷ (1.5 – 0.5) – 1.70)
98
Decimal Practice:
The service elevator can lift a maximum of 650 kg. A shipment of the following
just arrived. Can all the boxes be delivered in one trip on the elevator?
Explain your reasoning.
Anne stops to get gas at 97.4 cents per litre. Her total cost was $35.38. On her
way home she notices the price of gas at another station was 1.6 cents
cheaper. Anne is upset about the money she could have saved. How much
could she have saved?
99
The table below gives the distance of different trails in a park.
Anne wants to hike about 24 km, but not more than 24 km. Give two possible
combinations of trails she could take.
i) a + b + c ii) (a – b) + c
iii) a – ( b + c) iv) a – (b – c)
Scott’s favourite playlist has 8 songs. The length of each song is given below.
What is the total time of Scott’s favourite playlist?
100
Extra Practice: NO CALCULATOR
45 – 9.085
231.231 x 1.2
67.9 ÷ 2.3
702 – 70.2
101
SHOW YOUR WORK to find the area of the following polygons. The polygons are not
drawn to scale.
a) 7 cm
h= 8 cm
2.3 cm 5.5 cm
9.1 cm
7 cm
b)
8.4 cm
7 cm
c)
3.8 cm
7.4 cm
2.1 cm
7.1 cm
d)
3.1 cm 4.1 cm
102
GO HADLEY GO!
During the Hadley Track and Field Meet the computer broke just before the
competition started. In order to determine the winner of each event and the
overall winner of the meet, our class was asked to compare and order the
results of the three events (javelin, long jump and the 1000 meter race),
which were written on paper.
PART A
1. Use the results to determine the first, second and third place winner
of each event.
2. At the Hadley Track and Field Meet, points are awarded for each
place (1st through to 8th). A table with the value of each place is
given. Give the points to each athlete according to their placing in
each event.
3. Calculate the total points of all three events to determine the overall
competition winner.
PART B
Sketch the javelin and the long jump results to scale (like a number line).
Draw a javelin field and a long jump area, and accurately divide and
place the distance of each athlete’s result on both areas. THESE MUST
BE CLEAR, NEAT AND ACCURATE!
~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~
103
FIRST PLACE 500 POINTS
SECOND PLACE 400POINTS
THIRD PLACE 300 POINTS
FOURTH PLACE 250 POINTS
FIFTH PLACE 200 POINTS
SIXTH PLACE 150 POINTS
SEVENTH PLACE 100 POINTS
EIGHTH PLACE 50 POINTS
Javelin Results:
AWARD CEREMONY:
105
Order of Winners (Overall points)
Total Points
Name
106
Percent
5
Example: = 5 ÷ 8 = 0.625
8
85 ÷ 5 17
Example: 85% = =
100 ÷ 5 20
Decimal to Fraction: The last digit to the right of the decimal gives us the denominator
53
Example: 0.53 = 3 is in the hundredths place =
100
224 ÷ 8 28
Example: 3.224 = 4 in the thousandths place = 3 =3
1000 ÷ 8 125
Practice:
a) 3 = b) 2 = c) 3 2 =
4 3 5
107
Convert the fractions to percent.
a) 3 = b) 16 = c) 4 5 =
7 20 6
a) 74% = b) 42.75% = c) 15 1 % =
2
a) 2% = b) 79% = c) 135% =
0.64
87%
1.45
42
3
175%
0.05
108
Percent
REMEMBER: The word “OF” in math means multiply

Example: 62% of 500 students are girls. How many are girls? METHOD 2:
CrossMultiply and Divide.
62 ?
= 62 x 500 ÷ 100 = 310 girls Use the percent out of 100
100 500
Practice
109
42% of the 400 students at Hadley are in grade 7. How many students are in
grade 7?
Anne, Beth and Colleen are softball players. This season, Anne had 65 base
hits out of 160 atbats. Beth batting average was 0.399, and Colleen hit safely
40% of the time. Who was the best hitter?
There are 600 students at a school, 57% of the students are girls. How many
of the students are boys?
Beth received 16% of the $55 895.00 family inheritance. How much money did
she get?
110
TAXES
Example: Rollerblades: $129.99 20% off Step 3: Taxes: GST (5%) and PST (9.9975%)
Method 1:
1. Turn the percent to a decimal by dividing Example: You bought a 32G IPod for $329.99.
by 100 You want to sell it and make a 25%
profit. How much should you sell it for?
2. Multiply the decimal by the original price
25% = 0.25
3. Add the calculated amount to the original 0.25 x 329.99 = 82.4975 = 82.50 (profit)
price to make a new selling price
329.99 + 82.50 = $412.49 (selling price)
111
Method 2:
Example: You bought a 32G IPod for $329.99.
1. Add the percent of profit to 100. You want to sell it and make a 25%
2. CrossMultiply and Divide profit. How much should you sell it for?
125 ?
=
100 329 .99
Practice
At what price must a skateboard be sold to make a 20% profit if its cost price
is $55?
Scott bought a watch, which was on sale with 15% off. The regular price was
$53.33. How much did he pay for the watch? Do not forget GST and PST.
112
A bicycle with a retail price of $340 is reduced 20%. What is the discount?
Harvey bought a $1455 television set, $299.89 speaker and a $79.99 DVD player.
What was the total cost including GST and PST?
Two stores are selling the same camera at a regular price of $859.
During a sale, the first store offers a 15% discount on the regular price, while
the second store reduces the price by $130. Which store has the better deal?
113
MORE Practice:
Anne, Scott and Beth won $65 000 in a lottery. The jackpot will be divided
among them based on their money they put towards the ticket. Thus, Anne
should get 35 % of the jackpot and Scott gets 1 of the winnings. How much
4
money should Beth get?
Anne Marie loves reading historical books. Yesterday, she read 172 pages of
a 480page book. This morning she read 44 more pages. She thinks she has
read more than half of the book. What percentage of pages has she read? Is
her thinking correct?
If the sales tax is 15%, how much money are we paying for every dollar spent?
On a normal day, Beth spends 25% of her time at school, 34% sleeping and
12% eating. What percent of her time is left to do other things?
114
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.
1. Band Practice
If this accounts for everyone in the band, how many people are there in the
school band?
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
115
2. Shopping for Hiking Trip
Some students from Hadley are shopping for a hiking trip. They each want to buy a tent,
a sleeping bag, a gas stove and a rain jacket. They want to buy all their equipment at
the same store. They have the flyer from two different stores(below): Brian’s Cabin and
The Great Outdoors.
$98
The Great Outdoors
Tent $225
$98.47
$261
$55
How much will they pay at each store and which will be the least
expensive option?
116
Brian’s Cabin
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
117
3. You get a scratch card when you get to the cash at a department store. You get 20%
off your entire purchase. Fill in the chart below to complete your bill.
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
118
Integers
• Every positive number has an opposite negative number of the same size.
For example: 88 is the opposite of +88 because both are the same distance from zero.
This means –88 and +88 has an absolute value of 88
5, 51, 21, 61, 42, 66, 5, 39, 31, 71, 31, 66
119
B I N G O
INTEGER
BINGO
120
INTEGER BINGO! ☺
Cut out each of these rectangles, there are 52 integers, phrases and operations in
total. After you cut them out, match the integer with the phrase or operation. Once
your teacher has checked your matches you will write JUST the integers onto your
BINGO card! ☺

9 temperature 10 20 below zero.
started at 5 C, it
rose 13

1 5 units to the left 11 The opposite of 27
of 11 on a
number line
6 Add six to 8 7 units to the right of
negative one 16 on a number line
 
17 Nine plus 7 Three greater than
negative twelve negative seven
3 Five more than a 108 Four less than two
positive five
 
16 Negative nine 3 Six above seven
increased by nine

5 Which is greater? 20 Seven less than

11 or 14 negative ten
20 Two greater than 38 Three subtract ten
negative one

2 The opposite of 0 Three more than
negative 108 negative four

13 Negative two plus 27 Eight less than
negative twenty negative eight
 
1 Four left of 4 Five less than twenty
negative twenty five
 
24 Six to the right of 14 The sum of negative
negative three two and 40
 
6 Negative twenty 22 Two decreased by
increased by six eight
121
122
Practice:
a) 5 6 b) 11 11 c) 22 2
Cars need good batteries, especially during the cold Canadian winters.
Battery A is guaranteed to start at a temperature of 40oC and battery B at a
temperature of 52oC. Scott thinks battery A is better in cold weather than
battery B, because 40 is greater than 52. Do you agree? Why or why not?
123
Adding Integers
RULE #1
• If the signs are the same, pretend they are not there, add the numbers and put the
sign of the numbers in the question with the answer
(+) + (+) = +
() + () = 
RULE #2
• If the signs are different, find the difference (subtract the smaller number from the
larger number), and the sign of the answer is whichever there is more of in the
question
(+8) + (5) = +3
(15) + (+6) = 9
• Integers of the same absolute value cancel each other out to equal zero
(+7) + (7) = 0
Practice: Add.
7 + 5 = 21 + 14 = 80 + 90 =
16 + 2 = +2 + +6 = 13 + 2 =
Last Monday the temperature was 23 oC. On Tuesday it rose 3 degrees and
dropped by 8 degrees on Wednesday. What was the temperature on
Wednesday?
124
In the following table, calculate the sum of the integers in each column and
each row:
5 7 6 1 3
3 3 9 5 4
8 4 10 7 1
4 8 5 1 8
6 2 4 3 2
a) a + b = _____________________ b) b + a = _____________________
Here’s a challenge: complete the following pyramid, given that each number written
in a rectangle is equal to the sum of the two integers in the rectangle right below it.

3

8

4
 +
2 1
125
Subtracting Integers
Example: +5 – +3 = Example: 7 – +6 =
+5 + 3 = 2 7 + 6 = 1
Example: 9 – 7 = Example: 8 – 2 =
9 + +7 =  2 8 + 2 = 10
Practice:
7 – 5 = 21 – 14 = 80 – 90 =
16 – (2) = +2 – +6 = 5 – 11 =
(3 – 9) – (5 – 4) = 9 – (4 – 6 ) – 7 =
Practice:
126
Find the sum or difference.
(2 – 9) – (33 – 24 – 6) ( 6 + 2 – 8) + ( 9 – 11 + 13)
On one particular day in Aylmer, it was 3 oC during the day and 8 oC at night.
On the same day in Buckingham, it was 1 oC during the day and 9 oC at night.
Which town had the greater range in temperature?
Determine the value of each of the following expressions if a = 6, b = 5 and c = 11.
i. a+b–c ii. a – b + c
iii. (a – b) + (c – a) iv. (a + b) – (c – b)
a b a+b a –b
3 5
4 5
9 4
127
Complete the more challenging table below.
a b a+b a–b
7 8
10 4
5 6
Multiplying Integers
+24 (3) =  72
( )( ) Means multiply
Practice:
7 x 5 = 21 x 14 = (80)(90) =
(16)(2) = +2 +6 = 4 x 8 =
128
Dividing Integers
The rules to follow are the same as multiplying: Example: (16) ÷ (+2)
o positive ÷ positive = positive () ÷ (+) = ()
o negative ÷ negative = positive 16 ÷ 2 = 8
o positive ÷ negative = negative Therefore, (16) ÷ (+2) = (8)
o negative ÷ positive = negative
(+4) ÷ 2 ÷ 1
(+2) ÷ 1 = ( 2)
Practice:
70 ÷ 5 = 21 ÷ 3 = 80 ÷ 10 =
16 ÷ 2 = +24 ÷ +6 = 12 ÷ 4 =
54 ÷ 6 ÷ 3 =
Beth, Anne, and Scott guessed the temperature one cold morning. Beth’s
guess was 3oC too high. Anne guessed 4oC. Scott’s guess was 2oC lower
than Anne’s. Beth’s guess was 1oC lower than Scott’s. What was the
temperature?
129
Multiply and Dividing Integer Practice
3 x 2 x 1 x 5 = 6 x 4 ÷ 3 ÷  2
The table below shows temperatures for one week in March. What is the
mean and range for that week?
Day Temperature oC
Monday 4
Tuesday 3
Wednesday 1
Thursday 0
Friday 7
Saturday 6
Sunday 2
a) (2)4 = b) 15 = c) 42 =
Solve.
a) 32 x 2 = b) 5 x (2)3 =
a b axb a÷b
16 2 8
11 4
26 52
130
Integers and the Order of Operations (BEDMAS)
Follow the rules of BEDMAS (brackets, exponents, [division, multiplication], [addition, subtraction]).
If an integer is in the problem, first follow BEDMAS. When it is time to work with the integer, follow the
rule for that integer.
21 ÷ (3) + 36
IMPORTANT
(7) + 36
 2
29 3 =3x3=9
(3)2 = 3 x 3 = 9
Practice:
131
28 ÷ 4 3 – (9 + 9) 52 ÷ (14 + 9) – 15 + (+5)
a) 3 + 5 x 7 + 3 = 23 b) 4 – 6 x 3 + 9 = 15
c) 6 + 4 x 2 + 16 ÷ 7 = 2 d) 7 + 3 x 3 + 10 – 4 = 2
Use the numbers in the first column once, write an order of operations to give
the answer in the second column of the following table.
132
Integers & BEDMAS
Find the mistakes and correct them by redoing each problem to the side.
a) 12 ● 3 + 4 ● 9
36 36
b) 11 + 3 + 12  9
14 + 12  9
26 –9
17
c) 15 ● 3 ÷ 5
45 ÷ 5
d) 10 ●3+64
10 ● 9 4
10 ● 5
50
Integer Review
133
STOP and Review
C) 41 42
+ 2 B) 20 22
A) 5
F)
D) (5) – (4) 0 E) (3) x 4 5 22 (2)3
Last December, Beth kept a record of the outdoor temperature taken at the same
time each day for five days and gave it to her Science teacher Mr. Ross. Here are her
results :
Explain why Monday has the largest digit, 5, yet is the coldest day.
−2 + 3 4 − 2
a) 6 b) 8 c) 2 d) 14
On the number line, which two integers are the same distances
(equidistant) from 2?
a) 1 and 3 b) 5 and 7
c) 2 and 6 d) 8 and 4
134
Gina operates the elevator in a large department store. She starts on the ground
floor (0) and takes her first group of shoppers to the 3rd floor. Next she takes 2
shoppers down 4 floors; then she goes back up 5 floors with 5 shoppers and finally
takes 1 shopper down 4 floors.
Which chain of operations will allow you to find the floor where Gina let off her
last shopper?
5th floor
4th floor
3rd floor
2nd floor
1st floor
Ground floor
1st basement
nd
2 basement
3rd basement
135
Classify the following numbers into the appropriate column.
Which of the following lists the places in order from the coldest maximum
temperature to the warmest?
With words and numbers give an example of an integer in your daily life.
Example: It is twelve degrees below zero. It is 12° C.
A) An example of a positive integer (you cannot use temperature)
136
Draw a number line below (use a ruler) and label the positive and negative
side. Show where the numbers 5, 13, 0 and 5 lie.
42 + 63 23 – 10 32 – (13)
12 x 7 8 (2) 20 x (20)
15 – 28 64 4 13 + 40
137
Application Questions!
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.
Chris, Melodi, Jenna and Evan are waiting for their movie to start. They amused
themselves by trying to express the number 24 in different ways. Which one of them
was correct? Show the work.
a) Chris says : 2 + 8 2 + 4
c) Jenna says : 3 6 + 12 2
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
138
2. BEDMAS Challenge!
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
139
Lines and Angles
J K
Vertex V
7. Parallel lines run along each other but never cross. Symbol is 
140
9. Right angles measure 90°.
180°
141
Practice: Find the measure of each angle, label it and state what type of angle it is.
142
Practice: Use a protractor to construct the following angles.
550 3400
900 2300
230 1550
1800 870
143
Geometric Properties
A D
C
B
XYW+WYZ = 180
180° W
X Z
Y
3. Vertically Opposite angles are made when two lines intercept. They are congruent
4. Perpendicular Bisector cuts lines in half creating two equal segments. means equal measure
144
5. Angle bisectors cut angles in half. The angles are the same measure (congruent).
Shared ray
Practice:
Construct line segment AB = 7.5 cm and use a compass to bisect the segment.
Verify your work.
145
Construct angle BGN = 85º. Use a compass to bisect the angle. Verify your work.
Construct angle HEN = 130º. Use a compass to bisect the angle. Verify your
work.
Construct line segment JR = 8.6 cm and use a compass to bisect the segment.
Verify your work.
146
Solving Angles:
We use the properties of lines and angles to find unknown angles.
? 60°
When a line is a BISECTOR it will be made clear. NEVER ASSUME that a line is a bisector when
it does not say so!
Both sides of a bisector are equal. When an angle is bisected, ÷2 to get the
smaller angles on both sides
A
B AD bisects angle
BD bisects angle 600 CAB…
ABC… ?
D C
angle CAB = 800
124° ?
124° ?
Therefore, ? = 180°  124 = 56°
147
Try this:
120o ?
120°
?
?
?
?
This is a symbol meaning
? 90 or a right angle.
Practice: Without a protractor, using the properties of lines and angles, find
the missing angles. Explain your reasoning.
G
J
B ?
? K
? C ?
?
E 930
A ?
1330
H
I
D
148
R
bisector
V
U
S
?
840 ?
? 130 310
T W
P T X
Q ? ?
?
Z
Y
P
F
Q
? ?
? ?
A G E N 34o
47o L R
? ?
? ?
28o
D M
B
C
149
C
B
A D
O
150
Parallel Lines and Transversals
Transversal
1 = 5
2 = 6
3 = 7
4 = 8
3 = 6
4 = 5
3 + 5 = 180o
4 + 6 = 180
The above properties for parallel lines and transversals can be used to find
missing angles without a protractor.
151
Practice: Find the angles marked “?” without a protractor. Explain your reasoning.
N
D
R ?
?
G H P ?
? C M
E F 960 S
560 B L
A K
Q
M Q
M
H
260
X L Y ?
? G
?
? F
B 1220
A
K
E
J
N P
152
Practice: Find the missing angles.
In the figure on the right, AB ll DC . P
A B
Angle DCE is 55.
R
Angles PAC and RAB are straight angles.
E
What is the measure of angle PAB?
Given the figure on the right and the following
information: 1
C
Rays BA and BC are perpendicular, angle
BCE measures 44 and angle EBC measures 44
35. E
153
154
Lines and Angles Assignment NAME:________________
Due:__________________
~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~
11. What is the measure of the following angles? What type of angles are they? How
do you know?
a) b)
?
?
155
For Questions 12 – 17, use geometric properties to find the unknown angles.
SHOW YOUR WORK IN A JUSTIFICATION TABLE
32▫ B
?
E
?
C
G
F I
48▫
32°
120°
Y
V 120° ? X
? 156
Z ? W
16. Solve the “?” angles.
D
?
P C Q
55°
? B M
L
?
A
75
E 115 C D
A B
F
Answers:
a) A= b) B=
Because Because
c) C= d) D=
Because Because
e) E= f) F=
Because Because
157
158
Triangles
Types of Triangles
Scalene Triangle: All sides are different Isosceles Triangle: 2 sides the same
We read this triangle as: ABC or BCA or CAB or ACB or CBA or BAC
B C
159
Practice: Measure each side of the following triangles to determine whether
each is equilateral, isosceles or scalene.
160
Practice: Classify each triangle according to its sides and angles.
Constructing Triangles
161
Construct a CMN, where CM = 4 cm, CN = 5 cm, and MN = 6 cm.
Construct an isosceles triangle where two sides are 4 cm each. What is the
measure of the 3rd side?
Construct an obtuse triangle with one angle measuring 1200 and one side
measuring 4.9 cm. Indicate the measures of the other angles and sides.
162
Solving Triangles:
Solve the unknown angle in the following triangle. The sum of all
3 angles of any
triangle = 180
x
49
46 x=
x x=
69 y 122 y=
?
? ? ?=
? 110 ?=
?
570
1040
163
Lines, Angles and Triangles: Finding Missing Angles Practice
G
E
Angle ao = 700 W X
WX // YZ ao bo
EF // GH
ao = _____o
do
bo = _____o co
co = _____o Y Z
F
H
Explanation:
a = ____°
c b = ____°
82
a 48 c = ____°
83
b
Explanation:
164
bo
a = ____°
b = ____°
c = ____°
co
63o
97o
Explanation:
43o
ao
EAB = ____°
AFD = ____°
AB ll CD A B
DFG = ____°
50o
C D
F
Explanation:
165
166
Assignment: Triangles
~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~
1. Construct and label the following, and give a second name to each:
✓ Equilateral triangle
✓ Isosceles triangle
✓ Scalene triangle
✓ Acute Triangle
✓ Right Triangle
✓ Obtuse Triangle
4. Construct ▲CMT with one side of 5cm and two angles of 40 and 60
5. You will need a ruler, protractor and a compass. Follow these instructions to
construct several triangles with common sides. Sketch the triangles before
you draw them.
167
168
 GEOMETRY REVIEW 
Right On!
Construct a right triangle where the length
of one side is 4 cm and the length of another side is 6 cm.
If you were to compare your triangle with those of several classmates, do you think
they would all be identical? Explain.
169
Floor Plan
The music room in a school has a trapezoid shape. The diagram below shows
a part of the floor of the music room.
A B
b) Complete the floor plan of the music room by constructing angle A to measure
135.
Road Work
On a blueprint, Lawrence has to mark in a service road which passes through point A
and is parallel to autoroute 74.
AU
TO
RO
U TE
74
170
Angles
In the figure below, the measure of angle FOA is 55.
E
B
O
A F
What is the measure of angle EOA? State the geometric property that you can use to
find this measure. Do not use a protractor.
Which one?
Triangle ABC is rightangled at B.
130
B C
171
Application Questions
See the Rubric at the end of the book for a marking guide.
1. Mystery Angle P
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Angle RAP = _______0 Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
172
2. Tiling the Patio
Handy Home Supplies sells patio blocks in three different shapes, shown
below. The dimensions and cost of each block are also given.
A customer called the store and asked which block would be the least
expensive to use to completely cover a 4 metre by 6 metre
rectangular patio.
20 cm
40 cm
50 cm
40 cm
Triangular block
$1.30 each
40 cm
20 cm
173
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
174
Transformations: mathematical term for “movement”
I am
called the
reflection
line
The shape does not change in any way…. these transformations are movements
only.
175
Translations
Ex t
Step 2: Move vertices the same distance as the arrow but perpendicular to the
axis to create the image.
176
Practice: Translate the following shape
B C t
A T
177
Reflections
A reflection is like a mirror, shows the inverted image of the shape that is an equal
distance from the reflection line (mirror’s surface)
Step 1: Measure the perpendicular distance from a vertex to the reflection line
(pathways have to be 900 to the reflection line). Measure the same
distance to locate the vertex of the image (on the other side).
Step 2: Repeat for each vertex and connect the dots. Do not forget the label
each vertex
s
B C
D E
178
s
B C
A B t
C D
179
Rotations
A rotation revolves (clockwise or counter clockwise) all points of the shape about a
centre of rotation.
Step 2: Using a protractor, measure the angle and draw a line of equal length to
find the vertex of the image.
130
130
180
Practice:
Rotate the following triangle 70o clockwise from the center of rotation.
B C ⚫
Rotate the following trapezoid 115o counter clockwise from the center of rotation.
181
Practice
The following object is rotated about the centre of rotation by how many
degrees?
Draw the image of the figure below as reflected about the reflection line.
182
Translate the following
A B
C D
183
The Art of Transformations
~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~
❖ How to start:
Page 1: draw a figure with vertices and a translation arrow ( t )
✓ Translate this figure using the movement of the arrow at least 6
times
✓ Hint: start at the corner of your page and do not start with a
huge figure
Page 3: Use the center of the page as the origin. State the
degree of rotation you will use. Draw a figure with vertices
outside the point of origin.
✓ Rotate the figure around the page
✓ Hint: rotate 360 in total (a full circle with your figure). In order
to get at least 6 rotations, the degree of rotation may be less
90
184
Unit 6: Data Management
Collecting data
Data is collected in a Frequency Table.
Title
Data Category
Eye color
Eye Colour Tally Frequency Percentage, %
Green   7 7
22 x 100 = 32%
Brown  3 3
22 = 14%
Blue   10 10
22 = 45%
Purple  2 2
22 = 9%
Total 22 100%
Data name
Calculated by adding up all the numbers of the set and dividing by the
number of numbers in the set.
Range: the difference between the largest and smallest number in the data
Example: Use the following test scores to find the mean and range:
40, 60, 95, 40, 61, 61, 55, 35, 35, 100, 61, 40, 72, 72, 72, 72, 55, 61, 35, 22, 100, 61,
61, 61, 72, 72, 72, 100, 14, 61
Range = 100 – 14 = 86
185
Practice:
1. Find mean, and range from the data below. Make a few comments about your
findings.
a) 3, 2, 7, 5, 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 10, 9
b) 15, 10, 25, 20, 10, 15, 20, 30, 15, 10
186
Modes of representation:
A picture, mode of representation, can give a better understanding of a set of data. All
graphs must have 3 titles: overall title, horizontal and vertical titles
Bar graph:
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
AB BC MB NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK YT
Province or Territory
Notice the bars are the same width, and each bar is the same distance apart.
Histograms:
% of the Total Population
Each bar on a histogram represents a RANGE OF DATA, where each bar on a bar graph represents a
specific category.
187
BrokenLine graph: Shows a CHANGE over time.
188
How to make a Circle graph:
• Find the TOTAL of the numbers
• Decimal = each number ÷ total number
• Percent = decimal x 100
• Degrees of the sector = decimal x 360
189
Construct a histogram with the following data. Make 3 comparative
statements about the data.
Statements:
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
190
Construct a broken line graph with the following data. Make 3 comparative
statements about the data.
Statements:
Ice Cream Sales from April 24th – 28th
191
DISTRIBUTION OF GRADE 7 FRENCH MARKS
20  29
30  39
40  49
50  59
60  69
70  79
80  89
90  99
192
Bicycles Sales
March 7
April 12
May 23
June 19
July 8
August 5
193
Average Temperature During a Week in May, 2017
20
18
16
Temperature (0C)
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Sun
Day of the Week
The ages of 30 Grade 7 students are listed below. Using this data
construct a frequency table.
194
The graph below shows how the student population is distributed among the various grades of
a secondary school.
NUMBER OF STUDENTS
300
280
260
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
GRADE LEVEL
195
The circle graph below shows the activities in which 350 high school students enrolled. In the
diagram, the angle of the Art sector measures 108. Sports activities were chosen by 40 % of the
students.
The table below lists the average monthly temperature recorded at the station in the first
5 months of the year.
Month Temperature in C
January 10
February 8
March 2
April 1
May 11
Draw a brokenline graph to represent the average monthly temperatures recorded during this
period which the students can hang up at the entrance to their booth.
196
Beth’s conducted a survey about favourite television shows among her
classmates.
Adventure Time 5
Draw a circle graph that accurately represents the favorite television shows Beth’s
classmates watch.
197
198
Data Management Project
Our School
Part 1
Have at least twenty (20) people outside of our class participate in your survey. Fill in
your frequency table.
Step 3 Change your data to at least 2 different modes of representation (hand done)
❖ Bar Graph
❖ Line Graph
❖ Pictogram
❖ Circle Graph: one must be a circle graph
Look at your data; this is called analysis. Some questions to answer might be:
Is there one choice greater/lesser than the others? Greatest or least?
Is there an increasing/decreasing trend?
Does anything standout or surprise you? If so analyse further by telling me why you think
this might be true?
What is the mean and range?
Comment on your data in a paragraph. Make conclusions about what your data can tell
somebody. The more you write, the better your analysis.
Do you think the results would be the same in other junior high schools? Explain.
Prepare a report.
199
Part 2
CHECKLIST
~See the RUBRIC at the back of the workbook for the marking Guide ~
200
Geometry Review
How would you get angle 3 if you know angles 1 and 2? in the diagram below? Explain yourself
clearly using mathematical language and numbers.
3
1
You are about to renovate your room. Professionals will install a new floor, baseboards and
moulding.
You consulted different sales flyers, and have made the following choices :
✓ Hardwood flooring on sale at a cost of $102.10 per box. Each box will cover 1.85 m2.
✓ Baseboards on sale at $5.98 per 2.4 m and moulding on sale at $8.45 per 2.4 m. Taxes are
included in these sale prices.
Here is the floor plan of your room. The walls have a height of 200 cm
3.8 m
8.5 m
2.8 m
With the choices that you have made, will your parents be able to renovate your room within a
budget of $4 400 planned for this renovation? Justify your answer
The winners of a Ottawa Marathon are invited onto two rectangular red carpets to receive
their trophies.
The area of each carpet is 15 m 2. The carpets are not identical. The perimeter of one
carpet is a whole number. The perimeter of the other carpet is a decimal.
Both carpets must fit onto a platform that is 8 metres in length and 8 metres wide. Find
dimensions for 2 carpets that meet these conditions. Draw a sketch to show how they fit on
the platform.
201
Given the figure on the right and the following F
information: 1
C
Rays AF and DE are parallel, and angle BCA
measures 45. 45
D
Harvey built a patio in the back yard.
a) What is the area of the patio?
b) What is the area of the grass?
c) What is the total area of the patio and grass?
Show your work.
740 cm 4.3 m
Grass
6.6 m
Patio
Grass
3.6 m 0.144 hm
Given rectangle ABCD with diagonals B C
AC and BD, shown on the right. Line
EF passes through side AD of the 35
rectangle. O
E A D F
Which statement below is TRUE?
A) Line EF is perpendicular to segment BC.
B) Diagonal BD is the right bisector of diagonal AC.
C) Angles AOB and COD are vertically opposite and complementary.
D) Angles BOC and COD are adjacent and supplementary.
202
Percent Review
The grade 7 students at your school are organizing a trip to Quebec City at the end of the school
year. You are one of the 25 students chosen to participate. The student council is using the Travel in
Comfort Travel Agency who has arranged a fare of $350/person, taxes included.
To help you finance this trip, you have all participated in a fundraising campaign of selling oranges.
Now the students are ready to see how much money was raised.
In total, you and the others have sold 550 cases of oranges at $22 each! Now the supplier, the
school and the parent committee (who delivered the cases) need to be paid. This is urgent!
Here are the obligations that you must consider:
o The supplier must receive 35% of your funds;
o You must give $125 to the school for the publicity they gave you;
1
o You must give of your funds to the parent committee for deliveries.
10
Determine the amount of money that each student will receive from participating in this
fundraiser. Did they raise enough money each for the trip?
FRACTION DECIMAL PERCENT
2
5
0.04
86%
1.12
The Canadian Snow Goose clothing store is having a blow out summer sale. You walk into the
store with $150 of birthday money. The following items caught your eye and fit perfectly:
Do you have enough money to buy all 4 items? Don’t forget the taxes, GST 5%, PST 8.5%
Beth and Anne are analyzing the discounts which are being offered by travel agents. Beth
thinks that the discounts are all the same! Is she right?
5 9
of $30 of $25 30 % of $25
20 30
Compare each of the above discounts offered and give evidence of your thinking, don’t
forget to justify your answer with mathematical arguments.
203
Fractions Review: Solve and Simplify
10 + 4 5  5 6 x 7
21 7 8 12 11 8
3 ÷ 2 6÷ 2 3 3 +7 4
4 5 3 5 7
16 3  11 5 9– 2 2 +1 1 +3 5
8 6 3 4 6
3 3 x2 1 ÷4 1 3  5  3 + 1
5 2 3 8 6 4 2
Square ABCD on the right is divided into
several other squares of different sizes. A B
D C
You are going to a birthday party and bring 8 litres of icecream. You
estimate that each guest will eat 1 1 cup (there are 4 cups in one litre).
4
How many guests can be served icecream?
History: 9 out of 15
Geography: 14 out of 25
Science: 3 out of 5
Math: 7 out of 12
Which test was her best result? Which was her worst?
204
Number Sense Review
Michael, Lennox and Gina bought hockey cards. Each package contains the same number of
cards. Michael bought 120 cards. Lennox bought 180 cards. Gina bought 96 cards. What is the
greatest number of cards that could come in one package?
Harvey goes to the movies every 2 weeks. His brother Brian goes every 3 weeks, and
his sister Lucy goes every 4 weeks. All three were at the movies together on Tuesday. When
will all three be at the movies at the same time again?
Where would you put brackets to get an answer of 7 in the following question:
22 – 3 x 4 – 27 ÷ 2 + 7 = ______
Beth would like to go to horseback riding camp this summer and her parents have agreed as
long as she helps to pay for the camp fees. She has taken a parttime job babysitting after
school in order to earn some money and has determined that she needs to earn an mean of
95$ each month for five months.
After four months of saving, she is a little worried that her earnings have not been quite
adequate.
These are her monthly earnings so far : $95, $109, $91, $82.
She has one more month to save.
What is the least amount of money she can earn in this last month to reach her goal?
This is the problem: “Square 7, add 3 to this number and divide the sum by 4.”
A student has attempted to write the correct numbers and operations for this problem in math class. The
student has written: 72 + 3 ÷ 4 but the teacher insists it is incorrect.
205
Integers Review
11  3 = 7 – 6 = 12 – 4 =  7 + 4 = 7 + 3 =
5 + 8 = 4 x 5 = 3 x  3 = 6x2=
 6 ÷ 3 =
12 ÷ 2 = 40 ÷ 10 = 7 ÷ (6 ÷ 6) + 1 (2 x 8)  (2 x 8)
11 – 3 x 4  3 8 ÷ 2  3 10 + 15 ÷ 3 + 4 8 + 9 + 7 x 2
Nines is a very popular card game designed for three players. Each player begins the game
with a score of 9, and the object is to bring the score to 0. Each player must win 4 tricks per
hand to maintain his/her score. For each hand, each player’s point total will be adjusted
according to the number of tricks he/she has won:
0 tricks → + 4 5 tricks →  1
1 trick → + 3 6 tricks →  2
2 tricks → + 2 7 tricks →  3
3 tricks → + 1 8 tricks →  4
4 tricks → 0
What is the mean of the following temperatures (0C)?: 7, 6, 0, 1, 1, 1, 8
206
C2 Mock Exam Part 1
B) (5 + 3)2 8 × 2 D) 24 − (5 × 6 3) + 4
2. Leo spends all of his free time in front of his computer. There, he spends one sixth of his time
downloading music, half of his time playing online games, and the rest of his time is spent
chatting.
A) 1 C) 1
4 3
B) 1 D) 1
6 12
A) $6.00 C) $17.00
B) $10.50 D) $31.50
207
5. Place the following four values on the number line provided. Label your points on the number
line using the corresponding letter.
3 24
A) 40% B) C) 1.8 D)
15 20
0 1 2
6. Joe wrote 5 Math tests this term. His Math test results are shown on the graph below:
Oven
Total
2
1
(
+ 5 120 % 0.75
1
)
2
1 17
A) 8 C) 1
4 20
3 1
B) 7 D) 8
4 2
2. The drawing below represents a wooded property that must be fenced in.
The perimeter of the fence is 337 m.
0.18 km
?
2m
0.4 hm
230 dm
8 dam
A) 120 m C) 0.12 m
B) 12 m D) 1.2 m
210
3. George is a marine biologist and is currently looking at the migration patterns of whales. To begin
his research, he dives 60 metres below the surface level of the water. He then rises 25 metres to
get a better look at the whales as they come up for air. He then swims down 45 metres.
Finally, he swims up 15 metres to snap a photo of a whale.
What is George’s depth when he snaps the photo?
F 42
45
G E
136
P
211
212
RUBRICS
These are guides that show you how your work is graded.
(Mini Version)
Methods 40 32 24 16 8 0
Calculations 40 32 24 16 8 0
Organization 20 16 12 8 4 0
213
Assignment RUBRIC
RULE: “Completeness” is the “Boss” category. This means that the categories cannot
score higher than the COMPLETENESS score.
COMPLETENESS 40 30 20 10 0
METHODS and 40 30 20 10 0
CALCULATIONS Correct
Correct Correct methods Correct No
methods methods and methods and work
and and calculations calculations shown
calculations calculations sometimes. rarely
almost mostly.
always.
ORGANIZATION 20 15 10 5 0
(Mini Version)
Completeness 40 30 20 10 0
Methods & 40 30 20 10 0
Calculations
Organization 20 15 10 5 0
214