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Digital Microwave Radio

Systems
MDRS 155
OSPF Functions and Commands
MDRS 155 S Release 4.3
MDRS 155 E Release 2.3 SR1

05PHA00065AEY CUA
Version: 0002; 07.2004
Marconi Communications GmbH
D-71520 Backnang
Telefon (07191) 13-0 Telefax (07191) 13-3212
http://www.marconi.com
Copyright 2004 by Marconi Communications GmbH
(hierin bezeichnet als Marconi)
Änderungen vorbehalten · Gedruckt in Deutschland

Marconi, Marconi Communications, das Marconi Logo,


Skyband, MDRS, MDMS und ServiceOn Access sind
eingetragene Markenzeichen
von Marconi Communications GmbH.
Windows ist ein eingetragenes Markenzeichen der
Microsoft Corporation, Redmond.

Marconi Communications GmbH


D-71520 Backnang
Telephone +49 (7191) 13-0 Telefax +49 (7191) 13-3212
http://www.marconi.com
Copyright 2004 by Marconi Communications GmbH
(herein referred to as Marconi)
Specifications subject to change · Printed in Germany

Marconi, Marconi Communications, the Marconi logo,


Skyband, MDRS, MDMS and ServiceOn Access are
trademarks of
Marconi Communications GmbH.
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation,
Redmond.
OSPF Functions and Commands Contents

Contents

1 OSPF and MDRS.............................................................................................. 1-1


1.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1-1

1.2 IP router ................................................................................................................................ 1-1


1.2.1 Brief description .............................................................................................................. 1-1
1.2.2 Router features ............................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2.3 Configuration................................................................................................................... 1-2

2 "Telnet" Command Set.................................................................................... 2-1


2.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 2-1

2.2 Commands of all command levels ..................................................................................... 2-1

2.3 Commands of the "Telnet" command level ...................................................................... 2-2

2.4 Commands of the "OSPF" command level ....................................................................... 2-3


2.4.1 General commands ........................................................................................................ 2-3
2.4.2 OSPF configuration memories........................................................................................ 2-3
2.4.2.1 OSPF Configuration Memory Management................................................................ 2-3
2.4.3 Commands for editing an area ....................................................................................... 2-4
2.4.4 Commands for editing interfaces .................................................................................... 2-4
2.4.5 Commands for editing static routes ................................................................................ 2-5
2.4.6 Commands for combining IP networks........................................................................... 2-6
2.4.7 Commands for configuring a "virtual link" ....................................................................... 2-6
2.4.8 Commands for changing the "Router ID"........................................................................ 2-7
2.4.9 Commands for AS statistics............................................................................................ 2-7

3 Router Connections ........................................................................................ 3-1


3.1 "Embedded" Telnet session ............................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 LMT ................................................................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.2 MSP ................................................................................................................................ 3-1

3.2 Telnet session via a Windows PC ...................................................................................... 3-1

3.3 Telnet session via workstation........................................................................................... 3-1

4 Configuration Help .......................................................................................... 4-1


4.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 4-1

4.2 Logging in............................................................................................................................. 4-1

4.3 Static routes ......................................................................................................................... 4-1

4.4 Dynamic OSPF routing ........................................................................................................ 4-2

5 Status Tables ................................................................................................... 5-1


5.1 Configurations in the AS ..................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.1 Interface assignment ...................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.2 Area parameters ............................................................................................................. 5-1
5.1.3 Static routes .................................................................................................................... 5-2

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Contents OSPF Functions and Commands

5.1.4 Combined IP networks.................................................................................................... 5-2


5.1.5 Virtual links...................................................................................................................... 5-2

5.2 Requesting statistics data................................................................................................... 5-3


5.2.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2 Examples of system responses ...................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2.1 Area overview.............................................................................................................. 5-3
5.2.2.2 Overview of external routes......................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2.3 Overview of the router configuration ........................................................................... 5-4
5.2.2.4 Overview of the interface configuration....................................................................... 5-4
5.2.2.5 Overview of the link state database ............................................................................ 5-4
5.2.2.6 Analysis of a LSA ........................................................................................................ 5-5
5.2.2.7 Overview of OSPF neighbors...................................................................................... 5-5
5.2.2.8 Overview of the routing table....................................................................................... 5-6

6 Complementary Explications.......................................................................... 6-1


6.1 "Virtual link" using the MDRS 155 Digital Microwave Radio System ............................. 6-1
6.1.1 "Unnumbered" interface.................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.2 "Demand circuit".............................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.3 Router ID......................................................................................................................... 6-1

6.2 Uploading and downloading router data ........................................................................... 6-2


6.2.1 Router data upload ......................................................................................................... 6-2
6.2.1.1 MDRS 155 S with LMT................................................................................................ 6-2
6.2.1.2 MDRS 155 E with MSP ............................................................................................... 6-2
6.2.1.3 MDRS 155 S with SOA ............................................................................................... 6-2
6.2.1.4 MDRS 155 E with SOA ............................................................................................... 6-2
6.2.2 Router data download..................................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2.1 MDRS 155 S with LMT................................................................................................ 6-3
6.2.2.2 MDRS 155 E with MSP ............................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2.3 MDRS 155 S with SOA ............................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2.4 MDRS 155 E with SOA ............................................................................................... 6-3

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OSPF Functions and Commands Figures

Figures
Fig. 1-1 Router interface ................................................................................................................ 1-1
Fig. 2-1 OSPF configuration memory........................................................................................... 2-3

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Figures OSPF Functions and Commands

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OSPF Functions and Commands Tables

Tables
Table 2-1 Commands of all command levels ................................................................................ 2-1
Table 2-2 Commands of the "Telnet" command level .................................................................. 2-2
Table 2-3 Commands of the OSPF command level ...................................................................... 2-3
Table 2-4 Commands for editing an area....................................................................................... 2-4
Table 2-5 Commands for interface editing .................................................................................... 2-4
Table 2-6 Commands for editing static routes.............................................................................. 2-5
Table 2-7 Commands for combining IP networks......................................................................... 2-6
Table 2-8 Commands for configuring a "virtual link"................................................................... 2-6
Table 2-9 Commands for changing the "Router ID" ..................................................................... 2-7
Table 2-10 Commands for AS statistics........................................................................................... 2-7
Table 5-1 Interface assignments..................................................................................................... 5-1
Table 5-2 Area parameters .............................................................................................................. 5-1
Table 5-3 Routing table of static routes......................................................................................... 5-2
Table 5-4 Net range .......................................................................................................................... 5-2
Table 5-5 Virtual links ...................................................................................................................... 5-2
Table 5-6 Area overview .................................................................................................................. 5-3
Table 5-7 AS-external LSAs ............................................................................................................ 5-3
Table 5-8 Interface configuration.................................................................................................... 5-4
Table 5-9 Link State Database ........................................................................................................ 5-4
Table 5-10 OSPF neighbors .............................................................................................................. 5-5
Table 5-11 OSPF routing table .......................................................................................................... 5-6

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OSPF Functions and Commands Abbreviations

Abbreviations
Abbreviation Meaning
10BaseT Ethernet -Standard for local baseband networks, 10 Mbit/s
ABR Autonomous Border Router
AS Autonomous System
ASBR Autonomous System Boundary Router
DCC Data Communication Channel
DCCM Data Communication Channel in the MSOH
DCCR Data Communication Channel in the RSOH
ECC Embedded Control Channel
IDU Indoor Unit
IF Interface
IP Internet Protocol
IR Internal Router
LAN Local Area Network
LMT Local MaintenanceTerminal (Service PC)
LSA Link State Advertisement
LSDB Link State Database
MSP Modular Service PC
noadv no advertisement
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
RFC (...) Request for Comment (on Internet Standard)
SOA ServiceOn Access
SOH Section Overhead
STM-1 Synchronous Transport Module 155 Mbit/s
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
TOS Type of Service
WAN Wide Area Network
WS Workstation

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Abbreviations OSPF Functions and Commands

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OSPF Functions and Commands OSPF and MDRS

1 OSPF and MDRS


1.1 Introduction
This version of MDRS 155 S and MDRS 155 E Digital Microwave Radio Systems is equipped with a
dynamic IP router. These systems can be monitored and controlled via TCP/IP and are appropriate for
transmitting and routing IP data within TCP/IP networks.
The transmission bandwidth of the IP channel is about 170 kbit/s when using the DCCR and about
360 kbit/s when using the DCCM. The DCCR and DCCM are data channels for transporting management
data in the SOH included in the STM-1 data stream.
The implementation of OSPF is based on OSPF version V2 in compliance with RFC 2328. The IP
protocol is based on IPV4 in compliance with RFC 791.

1.2 IP router
1.2.1 Brief description

In TCP/IP networks, MDRS 155 S and MDRS 155 E Digital Microwave Radio Systems operate as OSPF
routers. Both sides of the Digital Microwave Radio System are working as an IP router each.
The IDU or ECC Gateway of the Digital Microwave Radio System is equipped with a LAN interface and
WAN interface. The LAN interface is made available at a RJ45 port located on the front panel. The WAN
interface is implemented via one of the ECCs over the radio link and is not accessible by the user.
In the OSPF network, the radio link set up via the selected ECC represents a so-called "unnumbered
point-to-point link“ without an own IP address. The static route via the radio link is established
automatically and does not appear in the OSPF routing table. The special feature is that both routers
know the LAN IP address of the far end. Thus, from the logic view a radio link can be considered as one
single router.

LAN LAN
1 10BaseT 10BaseT

2
Radio side
Line side DCCR/DCCM Line side
DCCR/DCC M (ECC) DCCR/DCCM
QD2 QD2
RS-485 RS-485

Fig. 1-1 Router interface

The OSPF router in the MDRS 155 is equipped with

Interface  LAN 10BaseT interface (IDU or ECC Gateway)


Interface ‚ ECC via radio link

The ECC is configured using the LMT or MSP Operator program.

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OSPF and MDRS OSPF Functions and Commands

1.2.2 Router features

The routers available in the MDRS 155 S and MDRS 155 E are fully functional OSPF routers. They
interact with third-party systems without any problems. Some special features must be taken into
consideration as the MDRS 155 processor executes all management functions for the Digital Microwave
Radio System. The number of possible dynamic routing entries is limited to 2000. Entries exceeding this
maximum will be discarded.
The OSPF router in the MDRS 155 can manage two areas. In addition, static routing entries are possible
which are managed within the AS. The latter permits the OSPF router in the system to be used as

· Internal Router (IR);


· Area Border Router (ABR);
· Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR).

When used as ABR, this router also manages a stub area. In stub areas, AS-external LSAs are not
propagated. The OSPF router in the MDRS 155 can also be configured for a so-called "totally stubby“
area. In this case, summary LSAs are no longer imported from the AS.
If static routes are configured despite OSPF, they can be individually assigned attributes determining their
handling and processing in the AS.

1.2.3 Configuration

The OSPF router in the MDRS 155 is configured via the TCP/IP network or serially using a so-called
"embedded" Telnet session in the LMT Operator software or MSP appplication via the serial interface.
Please note that the following parameters can be set both via the LMT and MSP Operator programs:

· IP address of the system;


· Network mask;
· Gateway.

With MDRS 155 S, the passwort can be adjusted only via the SOA Network Management System. The
"User Name" does not have to be set. It is "marconi" in the as-delivered state.

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OSPF Functions and Commands "Telnet" Command Set

2 "Telnet" Command Set


2.1 Introduction
All "Telnet" commands must be entered in small letters. Confirm each entry by pressing the "Enter" key.
Enter a blank between the command, address and attributes.
Separate the status entry or attribute value by means of a "=" symbol. Do not enter any additional blanks
here.

2.2 Commands of all command levels

Command Command syntax (list of options) Description


help help Shows all available commands
Table 2-1 Commands of all command levels

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"Telnet" Command Set OSPF Functions and Commands

2.3 Commands of the "Telnet" command level


Command Command syntax Description
(list of options)
arp arp <ip adress> Assignment of the IP address to the MAC address
[-a] [-a] Displays the ARP table;
[-d] [-d] Deletes an entry, e.g. arp -d <ip_addr>;
[-s] [-s] Adds an entry, e.g. arp -s <ip_addr> <eth_addr>;
exit exit Closes a Telnet session (not embedded Telnet session "LMT“).
ifstat ifstat Displays the list of all interfaces.
netstat netstat [-a] [-a] Displays active connections;
[-r] [-r] Displays the Routing table;
[-s] [-s] Displays protocol statistics.
ospf ospf Changes over to the 'ospf' command level.
ping ping <ip address> Sends an ICMP echo request to another IP subscriber.
[timeout] [timeout] Maximum response time
ping -s <ip address> [count] Number of ICMP requests
[count]
route route -a Outputs the Routing table.
uptime uptime Displays as to how long the system has been operating without
a reboot.
traceroute traceroute Outputs the route to a destination address.
[-m <maxhops>] [-m <maxhops>] Sets the "time to live" box (max. number of
hops) in the IP header (1-255);
[-q <nqueries>] [-q <nqueries>] Number of requests (in packets) to be sent;

Prevents fragmentation;
[-f] Set an initial 'time to live' (default: ttl=1);
[-i initial_ttl] Lists ttl values;
[-l] Outputs numeric addresses;
[-n] Maximum number of consecutive ‘timeouts’;
[-Q maxquit] Bypasses normal routing;
[-r] Displays per hop statistics values;
[-S] Verbose mode: delivers more information;
[-v] Delay time between two requests sent to a Cisco router;
[-c stoptime] Specification of a special UDP port for requests;
[-p port] Source IP address;
[-s source_addr] [-t tos] Sets the TOS field in the IP header (0-7);
[-t tos] Sets the waiting time for a response (default: 3 seconds);
[-w waittime] Destination address;
<host> Packet size of ICMP packets to be sent;
[packetsize]
version version Displays the current software version.
reboot reboot now Reboots the ECC Gateway. In consequence, the network
element logs off from the SOA for the duration of the reboot
process. The current Telnet connection is interrupted.
Please note that the OSPF router is also rebooted, i.e. all OSPF
routes will get lost temporarily.
STM-1 signal transmission is not affected.
ipnvconf ipnvconf <cr> Outputs the current setting of the IP address, sub-net mask and
standard Gateway.
[inet <ip-address>] Input of a new IP address, sub-net mask and standard Gateway.
[netmask <netmask>] The parameters can also be applied individually. To activate the
[gw <standard-gateway>] configuration, a "Reboot" must be performed (command: reboot
now).
Table 2-2 Commands of the "Telnet" command level

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OSPF Functions and Commands "Telnet" Command Set

2.4 Commands of the "OSPF" command level


2.4.1 General commands

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
activate activate Activates all entries and quits the configuration level.
cancel cancel Quits the configuration mode without saving entries made.
config config Changes over to the configuration mode.
load load Downloads the OSPF configuration data to the OSPF kernel.
quit quit Changes over to the OSPF command level.
restart restart Restarts the OSPF process and deletes the LSDB.
save save Saves all current settings.
Table 2-3 Commands of the OSPF command level

2.4.2 OSPF configuration memories


2.4.2.1 OSPF Configuration Memory Management

Three memories are used for storing and managing OSPF configuration data (see Fig. 2-1):

1. The current operating configuration is contained in a volatile RAM.

2. For changing the current operating configuration, an independent configuration memory is available.
The latter is used to intermediately save the new configuration data to the volatile RAM before the
relevant changes are activated.

3. The non-volatile memory stores all configuration data saved and holds these even in case of a power
supply failure.
Command input
Command Line
Interface (CLI)

1 Current RAM
operating configuration
(running config)
activate config

2 Changed
configuration RAM save
(changed config)

load
3
Saved configuration
(saved config)
Non-volatile memory
EEPROM

Fig. 2-1 OSPF configuration memory

The transitions between the different OSPF configuration memories are managed by means of the
appropriate commands of the Command Line Interface (CLI).

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"Telnet" Command Set OSPF Functions and Commands

The configuration data for the current operating configuration are always uploaded from the non-volatile
memory after booting the processor. To ensure that only valid and tested OSPF configuration data are
saved to the non-volatile memory, only data of the currently running operating configuration can be saved
to this memory (command: "Save").

2.4.3 Commands for editing an area

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
area delete area delete <area address> Deletes an area.
area edit area edit <area Changes an existing area.
attribute address> Configures the selected area as stub area.
[stub=(no|yes)] Summary LSAs can be/must not be imported into the area.
[importsum=(no|yes)] Costs incurring within the stub area.

[stubcost=<integer>]
area add area add <area Adds a new area.
attribute address> Configures the selected area as stub area.
[stub=(no|yes)] Summary LSAs can be/must not be imported into the area.
[importsum=(no|yes)] Costs incurring within the stub area.
[stubcost=<integer>]
area show area show Displays a list of all areas configured.
Table 2-4 Commands for editing an area

2.4.4 Commands for editing interfaces

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
interface if delete<integer> Deletes the interface at the OSPF level.
delete
interface if edit Edits an existing interface.
edit <integer>
attribute [priority=<integer>] Router priority in the interface network;
[xmt=<integer>] Delay time for sending out LSAs;
[rxmt=<integer>] Interval between the repetition of LSAs;
[hello=<integer>] Hello interval in seconds;
[cost=<integer>] Output-side costs of the interface;
[poll=<integer>] Polling interval between Hello packets after a router has
been identified 'offline';
[dead=<integer>] Dead time interval in seconds;
[passive=(no|yes)] OSPF process at this interface ON/OFF.

interface if add Adds a new interface.


add <integer> <area
attribute address> Router priority in the interface network;
[priority=<integer>] Delay time for sending out LSAs;
[xmt=<integer>] Interval between the repetition of LSAs;
[rxmt=<integer>] Hello interval in seconds;
[hello=<integer>] Output-side costs of the interface;
[cost=<integer>] Polling interval between Hello packets after a router has
[poll=<integer>] been identified 'offline';
Dead time interval in seconds;
[dead=<integer>] OSPF process at this interface ON/OFF.
[passive=(no|yes)]

interface if show Displays a list of all interfaces configured.


show
Table 2-5 Commands for interface editing

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2.4.5 Commands for editing static routes

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
route delete route delete Deletes a static route.

route edit route edit Edits an existing static route.


<destination><mask>
attribute [type2=(yes|no)] Fixed costs.
[direct=(yes|no)] If the destination address is part of a locally
attached subnet in which no OSPF runs, use
the „direct=yes“ option. In the local routing
table, the static route is stored as a direct
route, but not distributed over OSPF.
[noadv=(yes|no)] Distributes a static route over OSPF;
no=distributing a static route
yes=not distributing a static route
[<cost>] Route costs
[<if>] Interface to be used for routing
(1=LAN; 2=ECC)
route add route add Adds a static route.
<destination><mask><gateway>
attribute [type2=(yes|no)] Assign fixed costs;
[direct=(yes|no)] If the destination address is part of a locally
attached subnet in which no OSPF runs, use
the „direct=yes“ option. In the local routing
table, the static route is stored as a direct
route, but not distributed over OSPF.
[noadv=(yes|no)] Distributes a static route over OSPF;
no=distributing a static route
yes=not distributing a static route
[<cost>] Route costs
[<if>] Interface to be used for routing
(1=LAN; 2=ECC)
route show route show Displays a list of all static routes.
Table 2-6 Commands for editing static routes

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"Telnet" Command Set OSPF Functions and Commands

2.4.6 Commands for combining IP networks

Max. 30 entries are possible.

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
net-range delete net-range delete Deletes IP network combinations
<area address>
<destination><mask>
net-range net-range edit Edits IP network combinations
edit <area address>
<destination>
<mask>
attribute [noadv=(yes|no)] Distributes a IP network combination over OSPF;
no=distributing a IP network combination
yes=not distributing a IP network combination
net-range add net-range add Adds a new IP network combination
<area address>
<destination>
<mask>
attribute [noadv=(yes|no)] Distributes a IP network combination over OSPF;
no=distributing a IP network combination
yes=not distributing a IP network combination
net-range show net-range show Displays a table of all IP network combinations
Table 2-7 Commands for combining IP networks

2.4.7 Commands for configuring a "virtual link"

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
virtual virtual delete Deletes the virtual link.
delete <area_id><virtual link
neighbor id>
virtual virtual edit Edits an existing virtual link.
edit
attribute <area_id><virtual link
neighbor id>
[xmt=<integer>] Delay time for sending out LSAs
(transmission delay: 1-9999)
[rxmt=<integer>] Interval between the repetition of two LSAs
(retransmit interval: 1-9999)
[hello=<integer>] Hello interval in seconds (1-9999)
[dead=<integer>] Dead time interval in seconds (1-9999)
virtual virtual add Adds a new virtual link.
add (area_id = transit-area)
attribute <area_id><virtual link
neighbor id>
[xmt=<integer>] Delay time for sending out LSAs
(transmission delay: 1-9999)
[rxmt=<integer>] Interval between the repetition of two LSAs
(retransmit interval: 1-9999)
[hello=<integer>] Hello interval in seconds (1-9999)
[dead=<integer>] Dead time interval in seconds(1-9999)
virtual virtual show Displays a list of configured virtual links
show
Table 2-8 Commands for configuring a "virtual link"

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OSPF Functions and Commands "Telnet" Command Set

2.4.8 Commands for changing the "Router ID"

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
routerid routerid edit Edits the Router ID. The default value is 'auto‘. Thus, the
edit <router id> oder <auto> IP address of the LAN interface is used as Router ID. To
change the Router ID, the appropriate entry must be
made in the IP address format.
routerid routerid show Displays the current value of the Router ID.
show
Table 2-9 Commands for changing the "Router ID"

2.4.9 Commands for AS statistics

Command Command syntax Description


(list of options)
stats area stats area Displays a table showing the current status of the area.
stats as- stats as-external Displays LSAs of type 5.
external
stats stats general Displays general router parameters.
general
stats if stats if Displays information on the interfaces.
stata lsa stats lsa <linkstate type> Analyzes a certain LSA.
<linkstate id>
<advertising router>
<area address>
stats lsdb stats lsdb <area address> Displays the LSDB of an area including LSAs of
types 1-4.
stats stats neighbor Displays a table of OSPF neighbors of the interfaces
neighbor available.
stats route stats route Displays the OSPF routing table.
Table 2-10 Commands for AS statistics

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OSPF Functions and Commands Router Connections

3 Router Connections
3.1 "Embedded" Telnet session
3.1.1 LMT

As from version 7.0 onwards, the "LMT“ Operator software supports the "embedded" Telnet session.
Using a serial cable (D-Sub to RJ45), connect your PC to the IDU of the Digital Microwave Radio System.
Start up the LMT and select the "serial" connection type option.

The LMT password is <lmt> (default).


The MDRS 155 S password is <marconi> (default).

In case of an online session, you can press the appropriate menu bar icon for activating the "Embedded"
Telnet session. To access the OSPF router from the LMT, you require no additional password. The main
menu will be displayed immediately.

3.1.2 MSP

From Application 1.23 onwards, the "MSP“ Operator software supports the "embedded" Telnet session.
Using a serial cable (D-Sub to D-Sub), connect your PC to the ECC Gateway in the OHAU of the MDRS
155 E. Start up the SISA network driver and then the Network Manager.

Select the MDRS 155 system and call up the Equipment View. Select the OHAU by mouse-click. In the
ECC Gateway module, call up the "Command input" menu item under "Management - Configuration". To
access the OSPF router from the MSP, you require no additional password. The main menu will be
displayed immediately.

3.2 Telnet session via a Windows PC


The PC is connected to the TCP/IP network via a network port. If the required MDRS system is not
located in the same network as your PC, you must enter a route in the latter which indicates the Gateway
that can be used to address the MDRS.

Execute the following work steps:

1. Click the "Start à Programs à MS-DOS input” menu items.


2. Type in <telnet [IP address]> à The Telnet session starts.
3. Login: admin (default).

3.3 Telnet session via workstation


The workstation (WS) is connected to the TCP/IP network via a network port. If the required MDRS
system is not located in the same network as your workstation, you must enter a route in the latter which
indicates the Gateway that can be used to address the MDRS.

1. Open command shell (dtterm).


2. Telnet < IP address > à The Telnet session starts.
3. Login: admin
4. Password: marconi (default).

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OSPF Functions and Commands Configuration Help

4 Configuration Help
4.1 Introduction
First of all the following IP configurations must be made using the LMT or MSP Operator software:

· IP address setting
· Network mask setting
· Gateway setting

The information required for these settings is supplied by your network administrator.

Note: In an OSPF network, a Gateway is normally not necessary.


Thus, the Gateway entry is <0.0.0.0>.

4.2 Logging in
Access to the MDRS router is possible serially using the LMT or MSP Operator software, via the TCP/IP
network using a PC (Windows, Linux) or via a workstation.
After setup of a connection to the MDRS router in a "Telnet" session, enter the user name "admin“ and
the password. The user name "admin“ cannot be changed. The default password is "marconi“. This
password can be changed only by the network administrator from the SOA Network Management
System.
After completion of the login process, the prompt appears in the form of the IP address of the system and
the "Telnet" note. You are now in the main menu of the "Command Line Interface“.

4.3 Static routes


Static routes can be entered only via the OSPF level. The MDRS router is an OSPF router. Static routes
also have OSPF attributes.

In the main menu, enter the command

<ospf>

to change over to the OSPF command level.


Here you only have read-only access.

Using the command

<config>

you can activate the configuration mode for the OSPF router.

Note: Do not make any entries if you do not have a network plan or configuration order.

To add a static route, enter the following command:

<route add [destination network] [network mask] [Gateway]>.

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To activate your entries, enter the

<activate>

command. Then click the

<save>

button to save the changes you have made. After the saving process, you are again at the OSPF
command level with read-only access.

If you want to quit the OSPF configuration mode without saving your entries, click the

<cancel>

button.

4.4 Dynamic OSPF routing


With OSPF routers, dynamic routes are entered and managed automatically. Using the OSPF
configuration parameters, the administrator only defines the way the router shall work in the AS and the
role it shall play.

Note: Do not make any entries if you do not have a network plan or configuration order.

Start out from the OSPF command level as described in the "Static routes" section and activate the
configuration mode.

<ospf>
<config>

Work step 1

With the MDRS router, active OSPF by entering the following command:

<area add [A.B.C.D]>

An area 2 is - for example - described with area ID 0.0.0.2. The specification of one area is sufficient if the
router shall be used as "Internal Router" (IR).

To use the MDRS router as "Area Border Router" (ABR), a second area ID must be entered according to
the same principle.

Enter the

<area show>

command to call up a list of the areas entered.

To assign an area a certain attribute different from the default settings, this attribute can be edited by
means of the following command:

<area edit [A.B.C.D] [attribute]=yes/no>

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Work step 2

Both interfaces of the MDRS router must now be assigned to the area(s). One IDU of the MDRS serves
two interfaces. Interface 1 is the LAN interface (RJ45), interface 2 the ECC channel. Since the latter is
physically served by the system, it cannot be accessed by the user.

Using the command

<if add 1 [A.B.C.D]>

the LAN interface is assigned to the area with ID <A.B.C.D>.

Using the command

<if add 2 [A.B.C.D]>

the ECC interface is assigned to the area with ID <A.B.C.D>.

Using the command

<if show>

you can request a list of all interfaces entered.

To assign an interface an attribute different from the default settings, this attribute can be changed - for
example - at the LAN interface by entering the following command:

<if edit 1 [attribute]=[value]>.

To activate your entries, use the

<activate>

command. Then click the

<save>

button to save all changes made. After the saving process, you are again at the OSPF command level
with read-only access.

If you want to quit the OSPF configuration mode without saving your entries, click the

<cancel>

button.

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5 Status Tables
5.1 Configurations in the AS
5.1.1 Interface assignment

Using the <if show> command, you can request a list of interface assignments. If the table displayed is
empty, the system has not yet been configured for the OSPF environment.

if area_id priority xmt rxmt hello cost dead poll passive


1 0.0.0.2 1 100 100 10 5 40 60 no
2 0.0.0.2 1 100 100 10 1 40 60 no
Table 5-1 Interface assignments

if: Interface number (1=LAN, 2= ECC).


area_id: Number of the areas to which the interface is assigned.
priority: Priority of the router interface in the assigned network.
xmt: Delay time in seconds for sending out LSAs.
rxmt: Interval in seconds between the repetition of LSAs.
hello: Interval in seconds between two "Hello" packets.
cost: Output-side costs of the interface.
dead: Interval until an OSPF network subscriber is deleted from the dynamic routes.
poll: Polling interval in seconds between "Hello" packets after a router has been identified 'offline'
(procedure for restoring communication).
passive: If this parameter is set to "yes”, the configured OSPF interface does not participate
in the information exchange of the routers available in a network.

5.1.2 Area parameters

Using the <area show> command, you can request a list of all areas configured. If the table displayed is
empty, the system has not yet been configured for the OSPF environment. Max. two area entries are
possible.

area_id stub Stubcost Import_summs


0.0.0.2 No 1 No
Table 5-2 Area parameters

area_id: Area number configured in the system.


stub: Stub area (yes/no); area into which AS-external LSAs are not propagated.
stubcost Costs of the default route for substitution of external routes.
import_summs: Import of summary LSAs (yes/no).

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5.1.3 Static routes

Using the <route show> command, you can request a list of all static routes configured.

net mask Gateway type2 direct noadv cost if


0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 yes no yes 60 0
191.3.0.0 255.255.0.0 172.28.138.4 yes no no 60 1
Table 5-3 Routing table of static routes

net: IP address of the destination network


mask: Network mask of the destination network
gateway: The destination network is addressable via this Gateway.
type2: Fixed costs are charged for the static route (yes/no).
direct: The Gateway belongs to a locally connected sub-network without OSPF.
The static route is listed in the local Routing table, but is not imported in the OSPF.
noadv: This route is propagated in the OSPF; Note: (no= yes, yes=no).
cost: Costs of this static route
if: This route passes interface 1=LAN or 2=ECC or 0=internal.

5.1.4 Combined IP networks

Using the <net-range show> command, you can request a list of existing IP network combinations. If the
table displayed is empty, there are no 'net ranges'.

area_id Net mask noadv


0.0.0.2 191.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 no
Table 5-4 Net range
area_id: Area number of the area in which networks are combined.
net Network address of the IP network combination
mask: Network mask of the IP network combination
noadv: Indicates whether this IP network address is propagated by the router or not.
Please note the following: no= yes, yes=no.

5.1.5 Virtual links

Using the <virtual show> command, you can request a list of existing virtual links. If the table displayed
is empty, there are no virtual links configured.

area_id router_id xmt rxmt hello dead


0.0.0.2 191.1.2.3 100 100 10 40
Table 5-5 Virtual links

area_id: Area number of the transit area


xmt: Delay time in seconds for sending out LSAs
rxmt: Interval in seconds between the repetition of two LSAs
hello: Interval in seconds between two "Hello" packets.
dead: Interval until an "OSPF” network subscriber is deleted from the dynamic routing table.

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5.2 Requesting statistics data


5.2.1 Overview

The overview supplies a list of all statistics data that can be requested.

stats area <area ID>


stats as-external
stats general
stats if
stats lsa <ls_type> <ls_id> <adv_rtr> <area_id>
stats lsdb <area-id>
stats neighbor
stats route

5.2.2 Examples of system responses


5.2.2.1 Area overview

Using the <stats area> command, you can request information on the area.

Area ID #Ifcs #Routers #LSAs Xsum Comments


0.0.0.2 2 4 10 0x478e7
Table 5-6 Area overview

Area_ID: Area number


#Ifc: Interface of the router in this area
#Router: Number of routers available in an area (a Digital Microwave Radio System also being counted as a
router)
#LSA Number of LSAs of types 1-4 in this area
Xsum: Checksum

5.2.2.2 Overview of external routes

Using the <stats as-external> command, you can request a list of all type 5 LSAs available.

Type LS_ID ADV_RTR Seqno Xsum Age


5 191.50.0.0 191.6.0.8 0x80000087 0x1d78 585
Table 5-7 AS-external LSAs

Type: LSA type; 5= AS-external


LS_ID: Link state ID; destination network of the external static route
ADV_RTR: LSA source
Seqno: Sequence number
Xsum: Checksum
Age: Age of the LSA

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5.2.2.3 Overview of the router configuration

Using the <stats general> command, you can request the system database of the router.

OSPF Router ID: 191.3.0.4 # AS-external-LSAs: 102


ASE checksum: 0x30df6d # ASEs originated: 0
ASEs allowed: 0 # Dijkstras: 129
# Areas: 1 # Nbrs in Exchange: 0
MOSPF enabled: no Inter-area multicast: no
Inter-AS multicast: no In overflow state: no
ospfd version: 2.16

5.2.2.4 Overview of the interface configuration

Using the <stats if> command, you can request a table showing all interface data.

Phy Addr Area Type State #Nbr #Adj Cost


LAN 191.3.0.4 0.0.0.2 Bcast DR 1 1 1
ECC 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.2 P-P P-P 1 1 1
Table 5-8 Interface configuration

Phy: LAN/LAN interface; ECC/Radio


Addr.: IP address
Area: This interface belongs to the area.
Type: Bcast/Broadcast; P-P/Point-to-Point
State: Router function in this network
#Nbr: Number of neighbors
#Adj: Number of OSPF neighbors
Cost: Costs of this interface

5.2.2.5 Overview of the link state database

Using the <stats lsdb> command, you can request the LSDB (Link State Database) table.

Type LS_ID ADV_RTR Seqno Xsum Age


1 191.3.0.3 191.3.0.3 0x8000056a 0x782f 210
1 191.3.0.4 191.3.0.4 0x80000439 0x4db3 540
1 191.4.0.6 191.4.0.6 0x8000009c 0x7322 1293
1 191.6.0.8 191.6.0.8 0x800005f1 0x4308 850
2 191.3.0.4 191.3.0.4 0x80000096 0x8703 1540
2 191.4.0.8 191.6.0.8 0x8000013a 0x4f7f 850
3 172.28.138.0 191.3.0.3 0x8000008b 0xb4df 210
3 191.1.0.0 191.3.0.3 0x80000087 0x0822 210
3 192.168.2.0 191.3.0.3 0x80000087 0x8019 210
4 191.1.0.2 191.3.0.3 0x8000008a 0xdf44 210
# LSAs: 10*
Table 5-9 Link State Database

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Type: LSA type; 1=Router LSA, 2=IP network LSA, 3= Network summary LSA, 4=ASBR
Summary LSA; note: LSAs of type 5 are not displayed in the LSDB and can be requested
by means of the <stats as-external> command.
LS_ID: This LSA contains information on ....
ADV_RTR: This LSA has been sent by ...
Seqno: Sequence no. of this LSA
Xsum: Checksum of this LSA
Age: Age of this LSA in seconds
* Number of LSAs stored in the database

5.2.2.6 Analysis of a LSA

Using the <stats lsa [type] [LS_ID] [ADV_RTR] [area_ID]> command, you can request a table
displaying the contents of this LSA.

Note: It is reasonable and recommended to request the overview of the LSDB first, in order
to be able to select a certain LSA.

Link State ID: 191.3.0.3


Advert. Rtr.: 191.3.0.3
LS Seqno: 0x8000056a
LS Xsum: 0x782f
LS Length: 36
// Router-LSA body
Router type: 0x1
# links: 1
// Link #0
Link ID: 191.3.0.4
Link Data: 191.3.0.3
Link type: 2
# TOS metrics: 0
Link cost: 5

5.2.2.7 Overview of OSPF neighbors

Using the <stats neighbor> command, you can request a table giving an overview of the OSPF
neighbors of the interfaces.

Phy Addr ID State #DD #Rq #Rxmt


LAN 191.3.0.3 191.3.0.3 Full 0 0 0
ECC 191.4.0.6 191.4.0.6 Full 0 0 0
Table 5-10 OSPF neighbors

Phy: Physical interface


Addr: IP address of the neighbor of this interface
ID: Router ID
State: Negotiation status with the OSPF neighbor
Full=complete (neighbor has the 'full adjacent' status)
#DD: Number of 'Database Description' LSAs still to be sent to the neighbor
#Rq: Number of 'Link State Requests' still to be sent to the neighbor
#Rxmt: Number of repetitions sent

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5.2.2.8 Overview of the routing table

Using the <stats route> command, you can call up the OSPF routing table.

Prefix Type Cost Ifc Next-hop Mpaths


172.28.138.0/24 SPFIA 6 LAN 191.3.0.3
191.5.0.0/16 SPF 7 ECC 0.0.0.2
191.50.0.0/16 SPFE2 20 ECC 0.0.0.2
Table 5-11 OSPF routing table

Prefix: IP address of the destination network


Type: Route type; SPFIA = Inter-area; SPF = Intra-area; SPFE = External route
(static route outside the AS)
Cost: Costs of this route
Ifc: Interfaces used for this route
Next-hop: This route can be addressed using IP address ...
Mpaths: Number of routes in this destination network with the same costs.

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6 Complementary Explications

6.1 "Virtual link" using the MDRS 155 Digital Microwave Radio
System

6.1.1 "Unnumbered" interface

Each IDU of the MDRS 155 Digital Microwave Radio System operates as an independent router. Only the
LAN interface has an IP address. The WAN connection to the far end contained in the STM-1 data stream
is implemented via an "unnumbered“ IP connection in the ECC (see section 1.2.1).

When planning the "virtual link“ using the MDRS 155 system, please note that the path of the "virtual link"
is not routed via this "unnumbered“ point-to-point connection. This means that a LAN interface of the
MDRS 155 system is always adjacent to the "transit area". This only applies if the Digital Microwave
Radio System assumes the function of an ABR or ASBR.

6.1.2 "Demand circuit"

If a "virtual link" is configured between the MDRS 155 and a Cisco router, it represents a "demand circuit"
in compliance with RFC1793 between the two routers after termination of the negotiation.
Normally, "hello" packets whose frequency depends on the adjusted "hello" interval time are also sent out
on a "virtual link". In case of a "demand circuit", "hello packets" are no longer sent out after termination of
the negotiation of the two ABRs. This means that the setting of the "hello" interval time and "dead time"
interval time are relevant only during the initial negotiations necessary for generating the "virtual link".
This process is initiated automatically by a Cisco router and accepted and processed by the MDRS 155
Digital Microwave Radio System. The MDRS 155 Digital Microwave Radio System does not initiate a
"demand circuit".

6.1.3 Router ID

The router ID can be set in the MDRS 155 Digital Microwave Radio System. In the factory setting
(default), the router ID is "auto", i.e. the adjusted IP address is also used as router ID.
On configuration of the "virtual link", the "virtual link" neighbor is basically addressed with its router ID. If
the router ID is changed after configuration of a "virtual link", the link will not exist any longer.

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6.2 Uploading and downloading router data

6.2.1 Router data upload

6.2.1.1 MDRS 155 S with LMT


With MDRS 155 S, the router data are saved to the Master IDU MIB.

After connecting the LMT to MDRS 155 S, call up the Equipment view. Using the right mouse button, click
the CPU. From the menu displayed, select the "Database" and "Upload" menu items.

In the mask that appears, enter a filename and click the "Save" button. The upload window appears.
Choose the "Start" button. At the end of the upload process, the MIB is located in the required
destination.

6.2.1.2 MDRS 155 E with MSP


The upload of the router configuration can also be executed locally using the MSP. In this case, the
backup is performed in the SISA-0 function group. From the list box displayed, select the "Management"
option. Then click the "File transfer" menu item.

In the mask that appears, click the "Upload" button. Then select the directory containing system software
2.3. Here you can find the ECCMDBUP.ctl. control file. Select this file and start up the upload process by
clicking the "Start" buttton. After completion of the upload process, close the window. A file named
mdb.zib is now contained in the system directory.

Note: If it is necessary to create individual filenames, the filename must be either edited directly or
changed already in the ECCMDBUP.ctl. When doing this, please note the convention of older Windows
Systems 8.3 (filename: max. 8 digits, file type: 3 digits). For making a download, an appropriately
changed ECCMDBDN.ctl must be available. We recommend a systematic archiving of router data by
means of SOA.

6.2.1.3 MDRS 155 S with SOA


Uploading the router data from MDRS 155 S is remotely possible via SOA. Please note that the
configuration of the IP router must be included in the microwave radio system MIB.

In the QD2 address list or Topology view, call up the icon for the required MDRS 155 S system. Activate
the "Editing" mode in the "Admin" menu. Then select the "Configuration – Basic functions" option. From
the menu items offered, select "MIB transfer".

In the mask displayed, highlight the "Upload" option and click the "Execute" button. The MIB is saved
automatically by SOA under the Ref-ID of the corresponding network element.

6.2.1.4 MDRS 155 E with SOA


Uploading the router data from MDRS 155 E is possible remotely via SOA. Please note that only the IP
router configuration data are saved and no other system data.

In the QD2 address list or Topology view, call up the icon for the required MDRS 155 E system. Activate
the "Editing" mode in the "Admin" menu. Then select the "Configuration – Basic functions" option. From
the menu items offered, select "MIB transfer".

In the mask displayed, highlight the "Upload" option and click the "Execute" button. The MIB is saved
automatically by SOA under the Ref-ID of the corresponding network element.

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6.2.2 Router data download

6.2.2.1 MDRS 155 S with LMT


With MDRS 155 S, router data are downloaded using the microwave radio system MIB.

After connecting the LMT to MDRS 155 S, call up the Equipment view. Using the right mouse button, click
the CPU. From the menu displayed, select the "Database" and "Download" menu items.

In the mask that appears, select the required filename and click the "Open" button. The download window
appears. Choose the "Start" button. At the end of the download process, the MIB is loaded in the network
element.

6.2.2.2 MDRS 155 E with MSP


The download of the router configuration can also be executed locally using the MSP. In this case, the
transfer takes place in the SISA-0 function group. From the list box displayed, select the "Management"
option. Then click the "File transfer" menu item.

In the mask that appears, click the "Download" button. Then select the directory containing system
software 2.3. Here you can find the ECCMDBDN.ctl* control file. Select this file and start up the download
process by clicking the "Start" buttton. The download bar displayed shows the progress of the download
process. After completion of the download, close the window.

*or any individual control file

6.2.2.3 MDRS 155 S with SOA


Downloading the router data to MDRS 155 S is possible remotely via SOA. Besides the router data, the
MDRS 155 S MIB also contains all other network element settings.

In the QD2 address list or Topology view, call up the icon for the required MDRS 155 S system. Activate
the "Editing" mode in the "Admin" menu. Then select the "Configuration – Basic functions" option. From
the menu items offered, select "MIB transfer".

In the mask displayed, highlight the "Download" option and click the "Execute" button. The MIB is called
up automatically by SOA under the Ref-ID of the corresponding network element. If no file is available, a
"Not available" message appears.

6.2.2.4 MDRS 155 E with SOA

Downloading the router data to MDRS 155 E is possible remotely via SOA. Please note that only the IP
router configuration data are downloaded and no other system data.

In the QD2 address list or Topology view, call up the icon for the required MDRS 155 E system. Activate
the "Editing" mode in the "Admin" menu. Then select the "Configuration – Basic functions" option. From
the menu items offered, select "MIB transfer".

In the mask displayed, highlight the "Download" option and click the "Execute" button. The MIB is called
up automatically by SOA under the Ref-ID of the corresponding network element. If no file is available, a
"Not available" message appears.

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