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1. If the °F scale is twice the °C scale, what is the reading in the Fahrenheit scale?

a. 160° c. 140°
b. 320° d. 280°
2. Water enters the condenser at 30°C and leaves at 60°C. What is the temperature
difference in °F?
a. 16.67 c. 54
b. 48.67 d. 22
3. A cylinder and piston arrangement contains saturated water vapor at 110°C. The
vapor is compressed in a reversible adiabatic process until the pressure is 1.6
Mpa. Determine the work done by the system per kg of water. At 110°C, S 1 =
7.2387 kJ/kg-K, U1 = 2518.1 kJ/kg and at 1.6 Mpa, S2 = 7.2374 kJ/kg-K, U2 =
2950.1 kJ/kg, T2 = 400°C.
a. -500 kJ/kg c. -632 kJ/kg
b. -432 kJ/kg d. -700 kJ/kg
4. Helium is compressed isothermally from 14.7 psia and 68°F. The compression
ratio is 4. Calculate the change in entropy of the gas given that RHelium = 0.4961
a. -0.688 Btu/lbm-°R c. 0.688 Btu/lbm-°R
b. -2.76 Btu/lbm-°R d. 2.76 Btu/lbm-°R
5. Steam at a pressure of 9 bar (hf = 743 kJ/kg, hfg = 2031 kJ/kg) is generated in an
exhaust gas boiler from feedwater at 80°C (h = 334.9 kJ/kg). If the dryness
fraction of the steam is 0.96, determine the heat transfer per kilogram of steam.
a. 2357.86 c. 1357.86
b. 3357.86 d. 5357.86
6. If wet saturated steam at 8 bar (hfg = 2048 kJ/kg) requires 82 kJ of heat per per
kg of steam to completely dry it, what is the dryness fraction of the steam?
a. 0.76 c. 0.96
b. 0.86 d. 0.66
7. Wet saturated steam at 17 bar (hf = 872 kJ/kg, hfg = 1923 kJ/kg) dryness 0.97 is
produced from feedwater at 85°C (h = 335.9 kJ/kg). Find the heat energy
supplied per kg.
a. 4381.41 kJ/kg c. 2381.41 kJ/kg
b. 1381.41 kJ/kg d. 3381.41 kg
8. A turbo-generator is supplied with superheated steam at a pressure of 30 bar
and temperature 350°C (h = 3117 kJ/kg). The pressure of the exhaust steam
from the turbine is 0.06 bar (hf = 152 kJ/kg, hfg = 2415 kJ/kg) with a dryness
fraction of 0.88. If the turbine uses 0.25 kg per second, calculate the power
equivalent of the total enthalpy drop.
a. 109.95 kW c. 309.95 kW
b. 209.95 kW d. 409.95 kW
9. Steam enters the superheaters of a boiler at a pressure of 20 bar (hf = 909 kJ/kg,
hfg = 1890 kJ/kg, ѵg = 0.09957 m³/kg) and dryness 0.98 and leaves at the same
pressure at a temperature of 350°C (h = 3138 kJ/kg, ѵ = 0.01386 m³/kg). Find
the percentage increase in volume due to drying and superheating.
a. 12.04 c. 32.04
b. 22.04 d. 42.04 correct ans.
10. Steam at the rate of 500 kg/hr is produced by a steady flow system boiler from
feedwater entering at 40°C. Find the rate at which heat is transformed in kCal/hr
if the enthalpy of steam is 600 kCal/kg and of steam 50 kCal/kg.
a. 275,000 kCal/hr c. 375,000 kCal/hr
b. 175,000 kCal/hr d. 475,000 kCal/hr
11. A pump discharge 50 tons of water per hour to a height of 8m, the overall
efficiency of the pumping system being 69%. Calculate the output and input
a. 1.09 kW & 1.58 kW c. 1.09 kW & 2.58 kW
b. 2.09 kW & 2.58 kW d. 2.09 kW & 1.58 kW
12. A condenser vacuum gauge reads 715 mm Hg when the barometer stands at
757 mm Hg. What is the absolute pressure in the condenser in kPa.
a. 196.25 kPa c. 5.60 kPa correct answer
b. 100.92 kPa d. 95.33 kPa
13. Oil flows bore at a velocity of 2 m/s through a nest of 16 tubes in a single pass
cooler. The internal diameter of the tubes is 30 mm and the density of the oil is
0.85 g/li. Find the volume flow in liters per second.
a. 20 c. 22
b. 21 d. 23
14. Calculate the quantity of heat to be transferred to 2.25 kg of brass to raise its
temperature from 20°C to 240°C taking the specific heat of the brass as 0.394
a. 519.03 kJ c. 195.03 kJ
b. 159.03 kJ d. 591.03 kJ
15. Three cubic meter of air at a pressure of 20 kPag is compressed at constant
temperature to a pressure as 425 kPag. Calculate the final volume of the air.
a. 0.80 m³ c. 0.92 m³
b. 0.69 m³ d. 0.96 m³
16. The pressure of the air in a starting air vessel is 40 bar and the temperature is
24°C. If a fire in the vicinity causes the temperature to rise to 65°C, find the
pressure of the air. Neglect any increase in volume of the vessel.
a. 45.52 bar c. 42.55 bar
b. 54.52 bar d. 44.55 bar
17. One cubic meter of a perfect gas at a constant pressure of 1 bar and temperature
of 17°C are compressed to a volume of 0.50 m³ and the final pressure is 6 bar.
Calculate the final temperature.
a. 870°C c. 597°C
b. 560°C d. 860°C
18. An air compressor delivers 0.20 m³ of air at a pressure of 850 kPa and 31°C into
an air reservoir. Taking the gas constant of air as 0.287 kJ/kg-K, calculate the
mass of air delivered.
a. 1.59 kg c. 5.91 kg
b. 1.95 kg d. 5.19 kg
19. An oxygen cylinder of volume 2.3 ft³ has a pressure of 2200 psig and is at 70°F.
Determine the mass of oxygen in the cylinder.
a. 26.66 lbs c. 28.66 lbs
b. 26.86 lbs d. 28.88 lbs
20. What is the power of a steam jet 15mm in diameter moving at 750 m/s? Steam
condition, 1.4 kg/cm², dry and saturated ( v=1.256 m³/kg).
a. 29.67 kW c. 19.67 kW
b. 39.67 kW d. 49.67 kW
21. Steam leaves an industrial boiler at 827.4 kPa and 171.6°C (h f = 727.25 kJ/kg, hfg
= 2043.2 kJ/kg). A portion of the steam is passed through a throttling calorimeter
and is exhausted to the atmosphere when the calorimeter pressure is 101.4 kPa
and a temperature of 115.6°C (h = 2707.6 kJ/kg). How much moisture does the
steam leaving the boiler contain?
a. 2.08% c. 4.08%
b. 3.08% d. 5.08%
22. During the polytropic process of an ideal gas, the state changes from 138 kPa
and 5°C to 827 kPa and 171°C. Find the value of n.
a. 1.354 c. 1.345
b. 1.253 d. 1.234
23. For an ideal gas, what is the specific molar entropy change during an isothermal
process in which the pressure changes from 200 kPa to 150 kPa?
a. 2.39 J/mol-K c. 3.39 J/mol-K
b. 1.39 J/mol-K d. 4.39 J/mol-K
24. Water enters the heater at 25°C and leaves at 80°C. What is the temperature
change in °F?
a. 55 c. 11
b. 99 d. 65
25. The suction pressure of a pump reads 600 mm Hg vacuum. What is the absolute
pressure in kPa?
a. 11.33 c. 21.33
b. 31.33 d. 41.33
26. One kilogram of wet steam at a pressure of 8 bar (ѵ = 0.2404 m³/kg, ѵ f =
0.0011148 m³/kg) and dryness 0.94 is expanded until the pressure is 4 bar (ѵg =
0.4625 m³/kg, ѵf = 0.0010836 m³/kg). If expansion follows at the lower pressure.
a. 0.9072 c. 0.2260
b. 0.4197 d. 0.2404
27. 2.5 liters of superheated steam at 25 bar and 400°C (ѵ = 0.1252 m³/kg) is
expanded in an engine to a pressure of 0.1 bar (ѵg = 14.674 m³/kg, ѵf =
0.0010102 m³/kg) when its dryness fraction is 0.9. Find the final volume of the
a. 163.74 liters c. 363.74 liters
b. 263.74 liters d. 463.74 liters
28. A 1.5 kg of wet steam at a pressure of 5 bar (h f = 640 kJ/kg, hfg = 2109 kJ/kg)
dryness 0.95 is blown into 70 liters of water of 12°C (h = 50.4 kJ/kg). Find the
final enthalpy of the mixture.
a. 74.80 kJ/kg c. 94.80 kJ/kg
b. 84.80 kJ/kg d. 104.80 kJ/kg
29. Wet saturated steam at 16 bar (hf = 859 kJ/kg, hfg = 1935 kJ/kg) reducing valve
and is throttled to a pressure of 8 bar (hf = 721 kJ/kg, hfg = 2048 kJ/kg). Find the
dryness fraction of the reduced pressure steam.
a. 0.8833 c. 0.9933
b. 0.7733 d. 0.6633
30. A vessel of volume 8.7 m³ contains air and dry saturated steam at a total
pressure of 0.06 bar and temperature 29°C (Psat = 0.04 bar, ѵ = 34.80 m³/kg).
taking R for air as 287 J/kg-K, calculate the mass of steam and the mass of air in
the vessel.
a. 0.25 kg, 0.204 kg c. 0.25 kg, 350 kg
b. 0.35 kg, 0.204 kg d. 0.35 kg, 0.45 kg
31. A water temperature rise of 18°F in the water cooled condenser is equivalent
in °C to:
a. -9.44 °C c. 10°C correct answer
b. 263.56 K d. 7.78°C
32. Steam flows into a turbine at the rate of 10kg/s and 10kW of heat are lost from
the turbine. Ignoring elevation and kinetic energy effects, calculate the power
output from the turbine.
Note: h1= 2739.0 kJ/kg and h2= 2300.5 kJ/kg
a. 4605 kW c. 4375 kW correct answer
b. 4973 kW d. 4000 Kw
33. The enthalpy of air is increased by 139.586 kJ/kg in a compressor. The rate of air
flow is 16.42 kg/min. The power input is 48.2 kW. Which of the following values
most nearly equals the heat loss from the compressor in kW?
a. -10 c. -9.95
b. 10.2 d. 9.95
34. A Carnot engine requires 35 kJ/s from the hot source. The engine produces 15
kW of power and the temperature of the sink is 26°C. What is the temperature of
the hot source in °C.
a. 245.57 c. 250.18
b. 210.10 d. 260.68
35. The maximum thermal efficiency possible for a power cycle operating between
1200°F and 225°F is:
a. 58% c. 57.54%
b. 58.73% d. 57.40%
36. A Carnot engine receives 130 Btu of heat from a hot reservoir at 700°F and
rejects 49 Btu of heat. Calculate the temperature of the cold reservoir.
a. -21.9 °F c. -20.8 °F
b. -24.2 °F d. -22.7 °F
37. A tank contains 80 ft³ of air at a pressure of 350 psi. If the air is cooled until its
pressure and temperature decrease to 200 psi and 70°F respectively, what is the
decrease in internal energy?
a. 4575 c. 5552
b. -5507 d. 0
38. If 10 lbs of water evaporated at atmospheric pressure until a volume of 288.5 ft³
is occupied, how much work is done?
a. 610,358 ft-lb c. -610,358 ft-lb
b. 0 d. 550,000 ft-lb
39. A reverse Carnot cycle requires 3 Hp and extracts energy from a lake to heat a
house. If the house is kept at 70°F and requires 2000 Btu per minute, what is the
temperature of the lake?
a. 35°F c. 39°F
b. 36°F d. 40°F
40. A pressure gage registers 50 psig in a region where the barometer is 14.25 psia.
Find the absolute pressure in psia.
a. 64.25 c. 151.325
b. 443 d. 35.75
41. After series of state changes, the pressure and volume of 2.286 kg of Nitrogen
are each doubled. What is ∆S?
a. 2.807 kJ/kg-K c. 2.987 kJ/kg-K
b. 2.268 kJ/kg-K d. 3.407 kJ/kg-K
42. The temperature of 4.82 lb of Oxygen occupying 8 ft³ is changed from 110°F to
200°F while pressure remains constant at 115 psia. Determine the final volume.
a. 7.26 ft³ c. 9.26 ft³
b. 8.26 ft³ d. 10.26 ft³
43. Twenty grams of oxygen gas (O2) are compressed at a constant temperature of
30°C to 5% of their original volume. What work is done on the system? Use R of
air , 0.0619 Cal/gm-K
a. 824 Cal c. 944 Cal
b. 924 Cal d. 1124 Cal
44. Helium (R = 0.4968 Btu/lbm-°R) is compressed isothermally from 14.7 psia and
68°F. The compression ratio is 4. Calculate the work done by the gas.
a. -364 Btu/lbm c. -187 Btu/lbm
b. -124 Btu/lbm d. -46.7 Btu/lbm
45. Gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a weighted piston as the top boundary. The
gas is heated and expands from a volume of 0.04 m³ to 0.10 m³ at a constant
pressure of 200 kPa. Calculate the work done by the system.
a. 8 kJ c. 12 kJ
b. 10 kJ d. 14 kJ
46. A piston cylinder system contains a gas which expands under a constant
pressure of 1200 lb/ft². If the piston is displaced 1 ft during the process, and the
piston diameter is 2 ft. What is the work done by the gas on the piston?
a. 1768 ft-lb c. 3768 ft-lb
b. 2387 ft-lb d. 4000 ft-lb
47. Gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a weighted piston as the top boundary. The
gas is heated and expands from a volume of 0.04 m³ to 0.10 m³. The pressure
varies such that PV = constant and the initial pressure is 200 kPa. Calculate the
work done by the system.
a. 6.80 kJ c. 9.59 kJ
b. 7.33 kJ d. 12 kJ
48. In an isentropic process, P1 = 200 psia, P2 = 300 psia and T1 = 700°R. Find T2
using k= 1.4.
a. 576°R c. 786°R
b. 680°R d. 590°R
49. Nitrogen (k = 1.4) is expanded isentropically. Its temperature changes from
620°F to 60°F. Find the pressure ratio (P1/P2).
a. 0.08 c. 26.2
b. 12.91 d. 35.47
50. Nitrogen is expanded isentropically. Its temperature changes from 620°F to 60°F.
The volumetric ratio is (V1/V2) = 6.22 and the value of R for nitrogen is 0.0787
Btu/lbm-°R. What is the work done by the gas?
a. -100.18 Btu/lbm c. -110.18 Btu/lbm
b. 120.27 Btu/lbm d. -120.27 Btu/lbm
51. An air bubble rises from the bottom of a well where the temperature is 25°C, to
the surface where the temperature is 27°C. Find the percent increase in the
volume of the bubble if the depth of the well is 5 m. Atmospheric pressure is
101,528 Pascals.
a. 49.3 c. 41.3
b. 56.7 d. 38.6
52. An ideal gas is 45 psig and 80*F is heated in a closed container to 130*F. What
is the final pressure?
a. 54 psia c. 75 psia
b. 65 psia d. 43 psia
53. How much work is necessary to compress air in an insulated cylinder from 0.20
m³ to 0.01 m³. Use Tˌ= 20°C and P̩=100 kPa.
a. 113.4 Kj c. 110.1 kJ
b. 121.4 kJ d. 115.7 kJ
54. A heat engine is operated between temperature limits of 1370°C and 260°C.
Engine is supplied with 14,142 kJ/kwh. Find the Carnot cycle efficiency in
a. 70.10 c. 67.56
b. 65.05 d. 69.32
55. A closed vessel contains air at a pressure of 160 kN/m² gauge and temperature
of 30°C. The air is heated at constant volume to 60°C with the atmospheric
pressure of 759 mm Hg. What is the final gauge pressure?
a. 174 c. 167
b. 186 d. 172
56. What is the temperature in °C of 2 liters of water at 30°C after 500 Calories of
heat have been added?
a. 35.70 c. 38
b. 30.2 d. 39.75
57. A volume of 450 cm³ of air is measured at a pressure of 740 mm Hg absolute
and a temperature of 20°C. What is the volume in cm³ at 760 mm Hg absolute
and 0°C?
a. 516.12 c. 620.76
b. 408.25 d. 375.85
58. Assuming compression is according to the law PV= constant. Calculate the initial
volume of gas at a pressure of 2 bar which will occupy a volume of 6 m³ when it
is compressed to a pressure of 42 bar.
a. 126 m³ c. 130 m³
b. 120 m³ d. 136 m³
59. A steam condenser receives 1okg per second of steam with an enthalpy of 2,570
kJ/kg. Steam condenses into liquid and leaves with an enthalpy of 160 kJ/kg.
Cooling water passes through the condenser with temperature increases from
13°C to 24°C. Calculate the cooling water flowrate in kg/s.
a. 533 c. 523
b. 518 d. 528
60. A steam expands adiabatically in a turbine from 2000 kPa, 400°C to 400 kPa,
250°C. What is the effectiveness of the process in percent assuming an
atmospheric temperature of 15°C. Neglect changes in kinetic and potential
Properties of steam: At 2000 kPa and 400°C ( h= 3,247.6 kJ/kg, S= 7.1271
kJ/kg-K ) and at 400 kPa and 250°C ( h= 2,964.2 kJ/kg, S= 7.3789 kJ/kg-K.
a. 82 c. 80
b. 84 d. 86
61. Find the change in internal energy of 5 lbm of oxygen when the temperature
changes from 100°C to 120°F, Cᵥ= 0.157 Btu/lbm-°R.
a. 14.70 Btu c. 16.80 Btu
b. 15.70 Btu d. 147 Btu
62. Water (Specific heat, Cᵥ = 4.2 kJ/kg-K) is being heated by 1500-W heater. What
is the rate of change in temperature of 1kg of water.
a. 0.043 Kelvin/s c. 0.357 Kelvin/s correct
b. 0.179 Kelvin/s d. 1.50 Kelvin/s
63. One kilogram of water (Cᵥ = 4.2 kJ/kg-K) is heated by 300 Btu of energy. What is
the change in temperature in K?
a. 75.36 K c. 73.80 K
b. 125.20 K d. 17.96 K
64. Determine the change in enthalpy per lb mass of nitrogen gas as its temperature
changes from 500°F to 200°F. (Cp = 0.2483 BTU/lbm°R)
a. -74.49 Btu/lbm c. -68.47 Btu/lbm
b. -72.68 Btu/lbm d. -63.78 Btu/lbm
65. Calculate the change in enthalpy as 1kg of nitrogen is heated from 1000K to
1500K, assuming the nitrogen is an ideal gas at a constant pressure. The
temperature dependent specific heat of nitrogen is Cp = 39.06-512.79 Tˉ¹·⁵ +
1072.7 Tˉ² - 820.4Tˉ³ where Cp is in kJ/kg-mol, and T is in K.
a. 600 kJ c. 800 kJ
b. 697.27 kJ d. 897.27 kJ
66. What is the resulting pressure when one pound of air at 15 psia and 200°F is
heated at constant volume to 800°F?
a. 15 psia c. 36.4 psia
b. 28.6 psia d. 52.1 psia
67. The temperature of an ideal gas remains constant while the absolute pressure
changes from 103.4 kPaa to 827.2 kPaa. If the initial volume is 80 liters, what is
the final volume?
a. 5 li c. 15 li
b. 10 li d. 20 li
68. For a certain ideal gas, R = 0.277 kJ/kg-K and k = 1.384. What are the values of
Cp and Cᵥ?
a. 0.9984 kJ/kg-K, 0.7214 kJ/kg-K c. 0.7124 kJ/kg-K, 0.8124 kJ/kg-K
b. 1 kJ/kg-K, 0.8124 kJ/kg-K d. 0.9984 kJ/kg-K, 0.6124 kJ/kg-
69. A mixture is formed at 689.48 kPaa, 37.8 °C by bringing together these gases
each volume before mixing measured at 689.48 kPaa, 37.8 °C; 3 mol CO 2, 2 mol
N2, 4.5 mol O2. Find the partial pressure of CO2 after mixing.
a. 217.73 kPaa c. 326.60 kPaa
b. 145.15 kPaa d. 445.15 kPaa
70. An air with mass of 0.454 kg and an unknown mass of CO 2 occupy an 85 liters
tank at 2068.044 kPaa. If the partial pressure of the CO 2 is 344.74 kPaa,
determine its mass.
a. 0.138 kg c. 0.183 kg
b. 0.238 kg d. 0.283 kg
71. Steam enters the superheaters of a boiler at a pressure of 25 bar and dryness of
0.98 and leaves at the same pressure at a temperature of 370°C. Calculate the
heat energy supplied in the superheaters.
Properties of steam: At 25 bar and 370°C ( h= 3,171.8 kJ/kg ) and at 25 bar and
o.98 dryness (h= 962.11 kJ/kg, h= 1,841.01 kJ/kg ).
a. 407.46 c. 405.51 correct answer
b. 408.57 d. 406.54
72. The thermal efficiency of a particular engine operating on an ideal cycle is 35%.
Calculate the heat supplied per 1200 watt-hr of work developed in kJ.
a. 12,343 c.14,218
b. 10,216 d. 11,108
73. Determine the average Cp value in kJ/kg-K of a gas if 522 kJ of heat is
necessary to raise the temperature from 300 K making the pressure constant.
a. 1.440 c. 1.038
b. 1.044 d. 1.026
74. Determine the force in Newtons required to produce an acceleration of 0,30 m/s²
on a 0.05 kg mass.
a. 0.018 N c. 0.015 N
b. 0.025 N d. 0.200 N
75. Ammonia weighing 22kg is confined inside a cylinder equipped with a piston has
an initial pressure of 413 kPa at 38°C. If 2900 kJ of heat is added to the ammonia
until its pressure and temperature are 413 kPa and 100°C, respectively. What is
the amount of work done by the fluid in kJ?
a. 667 c. 420
b. 304 d. 502
76. What is the total required heating energy in raising the temperature of a given
amount of water when the energy supplied is 1000 kwh with heat losses of 25%?
a. 1000 c. 1333
b. 1500 d. 1250
77. A vessel of 0.058 m³ capacity is well insulated and is divided equally by rigid
conducting diaphragm. Initially both halves contain air at pressure of 137.8 kPa
and 413.4 kPa and a temperature of 27°C and 177°C respectively, What is the
increase of entropy of the system in kJ/°C.
a. 1.002 c. 0.00173
b. 0.5080 d, 0.1080
78. A certain gas at 101.325 kPa and 16°C whose volume is 2.83 m³ are
compressed into a storage vessel contained the gas at a pressure and
temperature of 137.8 kPa and 24°C. After admission, the pressure has increased
to 1171.8 kPa. What should be the final temperature of the gas in the vessel in
a. 298.0 c. 180
b. 319.0 d. 420
79. Steam enters a throttling calorimeter at a pressure of 1.03 Mpa. The calorimeter
downstream pressure and temperature are respectively 0.100 Mpa and 125°C.
What is the percentage moisture of the supply steam?
Properties of the steam:
P= 1.03 Mpa hg= 2779.25 kJ/kg hfg= 2010.7 kJ/kg
At 0.100 Mpa and 125°C: h= 2726.6 kJ/kg
a. 2.62 c. 3.15
b. 5.21 d. 1.98
80. What pressure is column of water 100cm high equivalent to?
a. 9807 dynes/cm² c. 0.10 Bar
b. 9807 N/m² d. 98100 N/m²
81. Determine the average constant pressure specific heat of steam at 10 kPa and
45.8°C. Note: From steam table, at 47.7°C, h= 2588.1 kJ/kg and at 43.8°C, h=
2581.1 kJ/kg.
a. 1.79 kJ/kg°C c. 30.57 kJ/kg°C
b. 10.28 kJ/kg°C d. 100.1 kJ/kg°C
82. A 10m³ vessel initially contains 5m³ of liquid water and 5m³ of saturated vapor at
100 kPa. Calculate the internal energy of the system.
Properties of liquid water and saturated vapor: At 100 kPa, Vf = 0.001043 m³/kg;
Vg = 1.6940 m³/kg; Uf = 417.3 kJ/kg; Ug = 2506.1 kJ/kg
a.2.0x 10
83. A vessel with a volume of 1 m³ contains liquid water and water vapor in
equilibrium at 600 kPa. The liquid water has a mass 1 kg. Calculate the mass of
the water vapor.
Properties of liquid water and water vapor at 600 kPa : V f=0.001101 m³/kg
Vᶢ=0.3157 m³/kg
a. 1.57kg c. 2.54kg
b. 1.89kg d. 3.16kg
84. If 6 liters of a gas at a pressure of 100 kPaa are compressed reversibly according
to PV²=C, until the volume becomes 2 liters. Find the final pressure.
a. 600 kPaa c. 900 kPaa
b. 800 kPaa d. 1000 kPaa
85. The flow energy of 124 liters per minute of fluid passing a boundary to system is
108.5 kJ/min. Determine the pressure at this point.
a. 875 kPa c. 975 kPa
b. 675 kPa d. 575 kPa
86. Work done by a substance in reversible nonflow manner in accordance with V =
100/P ft³, where P is in psia. Evaluate the work done on or by the substance as
the pressure increases from 10 psia to 100 psia.
a. 33 157.22 ft-lb c. 43 157.22 ft-lb
b. -33 157.22 ft-lb d. -43 157.22 ft-lb
87. A closed gaseous system undergoes a reversible process during which 25 Btu
are rejected, the volume changing from 5 ft³ to 2 ft³, and the pressure remains
constant at 50 psia. Find the change of internal energy.
a. -57.76 Btu c. 2.76 Btu
b. -2.76 Btu d. 52.76 Btu
88. Assume 8 lb of a substance receive 240 Btu of heat at constant volume and
undergo a temperature change of 150°F. Determine the average specific heat of
the substance during the process.
a. 0.5 Btu/lb°F c. 0.40 Btu/lb°F
b. 0.3 Btu/lb°F d. 0.20 Btu/lb°F
89. The following expressions relate to a particular gaseous mass: PV = 95T, h=
120+0.60T where these units obtain in psf, V in ft³/lb, T in °R and h in Btu/lb. If
the specific heats are temperature dependent only, find Cp and Cᵥ.
a. 0.6 Btu/lb°R, 0.28 Btu/lb°R c. 0.60 Btu/lb°R, 0.7 Btu/lb°R
b. 0.5 Btu/lb°R, 0.50 Btu/lb°R d. 0.50 Btu/lb°R, 0.48 Btu/lb°R
90. Calculate the entropy of steam at 60 psia with a quality of 0.60./ Properties of
steam at 60 psia: Sf = 0.4274 Btu/lb°R & Sfg = 1.2172 Btu/lb°R.
a. 0.4247 Btu/lb°R c. 0.7303 Btu/lb°R
b. 1.1577 Btu/lb°R d. 0.896 Btu/lb°R
91. How much power is there in the kinetic energy of the atmosphere ( density=1.217
kg/m³) at 56 kph wind velocity? Consider the section that passes through a 3m
diameter circular area normal to the velocity.
a. 10.21 kW c. 16.21 kW
b. 15.21 kW d. 17.21 kW
92. An electric heater is to heat 11 kg of oil per min. from 4.5°C to 65.5°C. Specific
heat of the oil is 2.1 J/gm-°C. How many watts should this heater consume?
a. 20 448 W c. 20 400 W
b. 33 448 W d. 23 442 W
93. Find the enthalpy of 1kg of wet saturated steam at a pressure of 0.20 bar and
dryness fraction of 0.85.
At 0.20 bar, hf= 251 kJ/kg, hfg= 2358 kJ/kg
a. 2200 kJ/kg c. 2255.30 kJ/kg
b. 2525 kJ/kg d. 2000 kJ/kg
94. If the specific enthalpy of wet saturated steam at a pressure of 11 bar is 2681
kJ/kg, find its dryness fraction.
At 11 bar, hf=781 kJ/kg & hfg=2000 kJ/kg
a. 0.75 c. 0.95 correct answer
b. 0.85 d. 0.65
95. Find the heat transfer required to convert 5kg of water at a pressure of 20 bar
and temperature of 21°C into steam of dryness fraction 0.90 at the same
Properties of steam: P=20 bar; hf=909 kJ/kg; hfg= 1890 kJ/kg
Note: for water at 21°C1 h=88 kJ/kg
a. 10 610 kJ c. 12 610 kJ
b. 11 610 kJ d. 15 610 kJ
96. A closed vessel contains air at a pressure of 140 Kpag and temperature of 20°C.
Find the final gauge pressure if the air is heated at constant volume to 40°C.
Take atmospheric pressure as 759 mm Hg.
a. 156.46 c. 136.46
b. 146.46 d. 126.46
97. Water substance at 70 bar and 65°C enters a boiler tube of constant inside
diameter of 25mm. The water leaves the boiler tube at 50 bar and 700K at
velocity 100 m/s. Calculate the inlet volume flow in li./sec. At 70 bar & 65°C,
v1=0.001017 m³/kg, at 50 bar & 700K, v2=0.06081 m³/kg.
a. 0.75 c. 0.82 correct answer
b. 0.64 d. 0.96
98. A group of 50 persons attend a secret meeting in room which is 12m wide by
10m long and a ceiling height of 3m. The room is completely sealed off and
insulated. Each person gives off 150 kCal per hour of heat and occupies a
volume of 0.20 m³. Then room has an initial pressure of 101.3 kPa and
temperature of 16°C. Calculate the room temperature after 10 minutes.
Use R= 0.287 kJ/kg-K and Cᵥ= 0.171 kCal/kg-K. ͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫ
a. 33.1 °C c. 38.7 °C ͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫ
b. 37.7 °C d. 31.7 °C ͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫͫ
99. Steam at 1000 lbᶠ/ft² pressure and 300°R has specific volume of 6.5 ft³ lbm and a
specific enthalpy of 9800 ft-lbᶠ/lbm. Find the internal energy per pound mass of
a. 2500 ft-lbf/lbm c. 5400 ft-lbf/lbm
b. 3300 ft-lbf /lb m d. 6900 ft-lbf/lbm
100. ͣͥͣͣͣ Three pounds mass of air are contained at 25 psia and 100°F. Given that
Rair= 53.35 ft-lbf/lbm. What is the volume of the container?
a. 10.7 ft³ c. 20.6 ft³
b. 15 ft³ d. 24.9 ft³