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Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9+ unlock

GSM900/850 Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008


Worst case TMB scenario with MS Low capacity (Non-Hybrid Combined) High capacity (Hybrid Combined)
- Pout reduced 2 dB 2 Channels/sector 4(+) Channels/sector
- RX sensitivity increased by 2 dB Active, set A in box : A A
No TMA TMA RC TMB No TMA TMA RC TMB
EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE
GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK
BTS (TRX) Pout excl Combining dBm Ericsson RBS2106 (Outdoor) 45.0 45.0 0.0 45.0 0.0 45.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Downlink

RF in/out & combining dB Combining loss 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5
Dual Band Diplex Filters x2 dB Option -0,3x2= -0,6 (not shown in UL) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
BTS jumper dB (3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
Main feeder&connector dB Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB dB YES if feeder 7/8" or thicker -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Power into TMB dBm -3.8 -3.8 -7.3 -7.3
TMA DL loss & TMB Tx gain dB -0.5 -0.5 2.9 2.9 -0.5 -0.5 5.5 5.5
TMB Pout dBm -0.9 -0.9 -1.8 -1.8
AntennaJumper dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Power into antenna dB 41.2 -3.8 40.2 -4.8 -1.4 -1.4 37.7 -7.3 36.7 -8.3 -2.3 -2.3
BTS antenna dBi Normally 2,5 dB less than 1800/1900 for same size 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Pathloss dB 161.2 116.2 160.2 115.2 118.6 118.6 157.7 112.7 156.7 111.7 117.7 117.7
MS Antenna Gain + Body loss dBi neg value 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
MS Sensitivity dB -2 dB offset -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0 -104.0

MS output dBm Class4 less 2dB 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 31.0
Uplink

MS Antenna Gain + Body loss dBi neg value 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pathloss dB 158.7 158.7 162.1 162.1 163.0 163.0 158.7 158.7 162.1 162.1 163.0 163.0
BTS Antenna dBi 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
BTS Antenna Rx Xpol diversity dB "RF Guideline": Rural, late TRX 4,5dB, urban +1 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Sensitivity@Antenna excl diversity dBm (BTS type) -107.2 -107.2 -110.6 -110.6 -111.5 -111.5 -107.2 -107.2 -110.6 -110.6 -111.5 -111.5
Antenna Jumper dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Sensitivity@TMA/TMA ant port dBm -111.1 -111.1 -112.0 -112.0 -111.1 -111.1 -112.0 -112.0
TMA/TMB LNA NF dB Siemens 2,5. Ericsson? 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4
TMA/TMB LNA Gain dB TMA default 12,0. TMB 12-22, default 12. 12.0 12.0 18.0 18.0 12.0 12.0 18.0 18.0
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Main feeder&connector dB Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6 -2.6
BTS jumper dB (3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
BTS sensitivity at cabinet port dBm Ericsson states -111,5 for CDU-G, no TMA -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0 -111.0
BTS internal path loss to 1st LNA dB Cabinet inernal loss to LNA -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0
BTS first LNA NF dB LNA NF normal value 1,5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
BTS decoding sensitivity, after LNA dBm -122(KTB 160kHz) + 8(ETSI 7-9) + 0,5(mixer etc?) -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5

Balance DL-UL 2.5 -42.5 -1.9 -46.9 -44.4 -44.4 -1.0 -46.0 -5.4 -50.4 -45.3 -45.3
Ditto net correction (max +/- 1 dB) Ref "RF Guideline" (but only half balance diff) 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pathloss 159.7 116.2 160.2 115.2 118.6 118.6 157.7 112.7 156.7 111.7 117.7 117.7
Pathloss relative gain 0.0 0.0 0.5 -1.0 -41.1 2.4 0.0 0.0 -1.0 -1.0 -40.0 5.0

NOTES Dim. Los/100m Length Loss


Feeder Loss 1/2" 7.2 0.2
b) Overbalance GMSK normally useful, calculation 7/8" 4.0 60 2.6
EDGE/8PSK increase DL bit rate / coverage 1 1/4" 3.3 0.2
+6 dB = 2x GPRS 1 5/8 2.6 0.2
c) No jumper needed for thin 1/2" feeder Loss = inclusive of 0,2 dB connector losses
Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9+ unlock

GSM1800/1900 Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008


Worst case TMB scenario with MS Low capacity (Non-Hybrid Combined) High capacity (Hybrid Combined)
- Pout reduced 2 dB 2 Channels/sector 4(+) Channels/sector
- RX sensitivity increased by 2 dB Set A in box to activate >> A A A A A A A A A A
No TMA TMA RC TMB No TMA TMA RC TMB
EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE EDGE
GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK GMSK 8PSK
Downlink

BTS (TRX) Pout excl Combining dBm Ericsson RBS2106 (outdoor) 44.0 40.7 44.0 40.7 40.0 40.0 44.0 40.7 44.0 40.7 40.0 40.0
RF in/out & combining dB Combining loss 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.5
Dual Band Diplex Filters x2 dB Option -0,3x2= -0,6 (not shown in UL) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
BTS jumper dB (3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
Main feeder&connector dB Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB dB YES if feeder 7/8" or thicker -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Power into TMB dBm 36.0 36.0 32.5 32.5
TMA DL loss & TMB Tx gain dB -0.5 -0.5 7.3 7.3 -0.5 -0.5 10.8 10.8
TMB Pout dBm 43.3 43.3 43.3 43.3
AntennaJumper dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Power into antenna dB 40.0 36.7 39.0 35.7 42.8 42.8 36.5 33.2 35.5 32.2 42.8 42.8
BTS antenna dBi Normally 2,5 dB more than 850/900 for same size 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
Pathloss dB 160.5 157.2 159.5 156.2 163.3 163.3 157.0 153.7 156.0 152.7 163.3 163.3
MS Antenna Gain + Body loss dBi neg value 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
MS Sensitivity dB -2 dB offset -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0 -102.0

MS output dBm Class1 less 2dB 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0
Uplink

MS Antenna Gain + Body loss dBi neg value 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pathloss dB 157.5 157.5 161.6 161.6 162.1 162.1 157.5 157.5 161.6 161.6 162.1 162.1
BTS Antenna dBm 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
BTS Antenna Rx Xpol diversity dBi "RF Guideline": Rural, late TRX 4,5dB, urban +1 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Sensitivity@Antenna excl diversity dBm (BTS type) -106.5 -106.5 -110.6 -110.6 -111.1 -111.1 -106.5 -106.5 -110.6 -110.6 -111.1 -111.1
Antenna Jumper dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Sensitivity@TMA/TMA ant port dBm -111.1 -111.1 -111.6 -111.6 -111.1 -111.1 -111.6 -111.6
TMA/TMB LNA NF dB Siemens 2,5. Ericsson? 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4
TMA/TMB LNA Gain dB TMA default 12,0. TMB 12-22, default 12. 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB dB -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
Main feeder&connector dB Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9 -2.9
BTS jumper dB (3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
BTS sensitivity at cabinet port dBm Ericsson states -111,5 for CDU-G, no TMA -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5 -110.5
BTS internal path loss to 1st LNA dB Cabinet internal loss to LNA -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5
BTS first LNA NF dB LNA NF normal value 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
BTS decoding sensitivity, after LNA dBm -122(KTB 160kHz) + 8(ETSI 7-9) + 0,5(mixer etc?) -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5 -113.5

Balance DL-UL 3.0 -0.3 -2.1 -5.4 1.2 1.2 -0.5 -3.8 -5.6 -8.9 1.2 1.2
Overbalance advantage Ref "RF Guideline", max 2 dB (half diff) 1.0 -0.1 -1.0 -1.0 0.6 0.6 -0.3 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 0.6 0.6
Pathloss 158.5 157.2 159.5 156.2 162.7 162.7 157.0 153.7 156.0 152.7 162.7 162.7
Pathloss relative gain 0.0 0.0 1.0 -1.0 4.2 5.5 0.0 0.0 -1.0 -1.0 5.7 9.0

NOTES Dim. Los/100m Length Loss


Feeder Loss 1/2" 10.5 0.2
b) Overbalance GMSK normally useful, calculation 7/8" 6.5 0.2 Warning: Length differs from GSM900-850
EDGE/8PSK increase DL bit rate / coverage 1 1/4" 5.3 50 2.9
+6 dB = 2x GPRS 1 5/8 4.2 0.2
c) No jumper needed for thin 1/2" feeder Loss = inclusive of 0,2 dB connector losses

0 0
60 0
0 50
0 0
SUM: 60 50 10
Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9+ unlock

Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008


Calculating Coverage Range & Area for GMSK Coverage Range (km)
9.0

Urban Low capacity - No HC High Cap - Hybrid Combined


8.0 No TX combining TX combining
No TMA TMA RC TMB No TMA TMA RC TMB
Range (km) 7.0
GSM900 7.8 0.0 0.0 6.8 0.0 0.0
GSM1800 6.0
4.5 4.8 5.9 4.0 3.8 5.9
Area (sqkm) One sector cell hexagonal pattern in a cluster 5.0
GSM900 39.8 0.0 0.0 30.3 0.0 0.0
GSM1800 12.9 14.8 23.0 10.5 9.2 23.0 4.0

Allowable PL (link budget)


3.0
GSM900 159.7 0.0 0.0 157.7 0.0 0.0
GSM1800 158.5 159.5 162.7 157.0 156.0 162.7 2.0

In-car, BTS X-pol Allowable PL adjusted with below "MS reception" added loss
1.0
GSM900 153.7 -6.0 -6.0 151.7 -6.0 -6.0
GSM1800 152.5 153.5 156.7 151.0 150.0 156.7 0.0
No TMA TMA RC TMB No TMA TMA RC TMB

NOTE : For EDGE the coverage improvement may be increased by 3,3 dB due to the RC TMB TurboEDGE feature
GSM GSM Coverage Area (sqkm)
45.0850/900 1800/1900
Range calculations (Okomura-Hata formula) 850/900 1800/1900
Terrains Urban 1 147 154
40.0
Suburb&Semi-open 137 146
Rural 128 134
35.0
Open 118 124 Area
Additional path loss calculated
above for 30.0
MS reception Outdoor, BTS X-pol 0
In-car, BTS X-pol 1 6 one cell only
In-car, BTS V-pol 9 guess 25.0

Antennas BTS ant. height (m) 50


- Ditto Log(HB) : 1.70 20.0
MS ant. height (m) : 1.5
15.0

"1" must be 10.0


filled into
one of the
"Terrain" & 5.0
"MS
reception" 0.0
rows! No TMA TMA RC TMB No TMA TMA RC TMB

A 0 0A 0 0 Arrows above are for a triple layer capacity site


A A A A A A (1-2 TX GSM900 plus 3-4 TX each for GSM1800 TMA and TMB configurations
50
GSM 850 / 900 GSM 1800 / 1900

NF tot @ TMA/TMB antenna input

10[ ( Ljump-tma + Lfeed + Ljump-bts + Lbts-int ) / 10 ]


-1
NFtot = NFTMA + 10log [
10(Gtma/10)

Rxsense@TMA = -122 (KTB@160kHz) + 8 (SNRrequired 7-9 = ETSI) + 0,5 (BT


GSM 1800 / 1900

10[ NFbts-lna / 10 ] - 1
+
10(Gtma/10) * 10[ ( Ljump-tma + Lfeed + LjumpBTS + Lbts-int ) / 10 ]

ed 7-9 = ETSI) + 0,5 (BTS mixer...) + NFtot@TMA (down to BTS LNA)


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